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/*
 * md5 crypt implementation
 *
 * original md5 crypt design is from Poul-Henning Kamp
 * this implementation was created based on the code in freebsd
 * at least 32bit int is assumed, key is limited and $1$ prefix is mandatory,
 * on error "*" is returned
 */
#include <string.h>
#include <stdint.h>

/* public domain md5 implementation based on rfc1321 and libtomcrypt */

struct md5 {
	uint64_t len;    /* processed message length */
	uint32_t h[4];   /* hash state */
	uint8_t buf[64]; /* message block buffer */
};

static uint32_t rol(uint32_t n, int k) { return (n << k) | (n >> (32-k)); }
#define F(x,y,z) (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)))
#define G(x,y,z) (y ^ (z & (y ^ x)))
#define H(x,y,z) (x ^ y ^ z)
#define I(x,y,z) (y ^ (x | ~z))
#define FF(a,b,c,d,w,s,t) a += F(b,c,d) + w + t; a = rol(a,s) + b
#define GG(a,b,c,d,w,s,t) a += G(b,c,d) + w + t; a = rol(a,s) + b
#define HH(a,b,c,d,w,s,t) a += H(b,c,d) + w + t; a = rol(a,s) + b
#define II(a,b,c,d,w,s,t) a += I(b,c,d) + w + t; a = rol(a,s) + b

static const uint32_t tab[64] = {
0xd76aa478, 0xe8c7b756, 0x242070db, 0xc1bdceee, 0xf57c0faf, 0x4787c62a, 0xa8304613, 0xfd469501,
0x698098d8, 0x8b44f7af, 0xffff5bb1, 0x895cd7be, 0x6b901122, 0xfd987193, 0xa679438e, 0x49b40821,
0xf61e2562, 0xc040b340, 0x265e5a51, 0xe9b6c7aa, 0xd62f105d, 0x02441453, 0xd8a1e681, 0xe7d3fbc8,
0x21e1cde6, 0xc33707d6, 0xf4d50d87, 0x455a14ed, 0xa9e3e905, 0xfcefa3f8, 0x676f02d9, 0x8d2a4c8a,
0xfffa3942, 0x8771f681, 0x6d9d6122, 0xfde5380c, 0xa4beea44, 0x4bdecfa9, 0xf6bb4b60, 0xbebfbc70,
0x289b7ec6, 0xeaa127fa, 0xd4ef3085, 0x04881d05, 0xd9d4d039, 0xe6db99e5, 0x1fa27cf8, 0xc4ac5665,
0xf4292244, 0x432aff97, 0xab9423a7, 0xfc93a039, 0x655b59c3, 0x8f0ccc92, 0xffeff47d, 0x85845dd1,
0x6fa87e4f, 0xfe2ce6e0, 0xa3014314, 0x4e0811a1, 0xf7537e82, 0xbd3af235, 0x2ad7d2bb, 0xeb86d391
};

static void processblock(struct md5 *s, const uint8_t *buf)
{
	uint32_t i, W[16], a, b, c, d;

	for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
		W[i] = buf[4*i];
		W[i] |= (uint32_t)buf[4*i+1]<<8;
		W[i] |= (uint32_t)buf[4*i+2]<<16;
		W[i] |= (uint32_t)buf[4*i+3]<<24;
	}

	a = s->h[0];
	b = s->h[1];
	c = s->h[2];
	d = s->h[3];

	i = 0;
	while (i < 16) {
		FF(a,b,c,d, W[i],  7, tab[i]); i++;
		FF(d,a,b,c, W[i], 12, tab[i]); i++;
		FF(c,d,a,b, W[i], 17, tab[i]); i++;
		FF(b,c,d,a, W[i], 22, tab[i]); i++;
	}
	while (i < 32) {
		GG(a,b,c,d, W[(5*i+1)%16],  5, tab[i]); i++;
		GG(d,a,b,c, W[(5*i+1)%16],  9, tab[i]); i++;
		GG(c,d,a,b, W[(5*i+1)%16], 14, tab[i]); i++;
		GG(b,c,d,a, W[(5*i+1)%16], 20, tab[i]); i++;
	}
	while (i < 48) {
		HH(a,b,c,d, W[(3*i+5)%16],  4, tab[i]); i++;
		HH(d,a,b,c, W[(3*i+5)%16], 11, tab[i]); i++;
		HH(c,d,a,b, W[(3*i+5)%16], 16, tab[i]); i++;
		HH(b,c,d,a, W[(3*i+5)%16], 23, tab[i]); i++;
	}
	while (i < 64) {
		II(a,b,c,d, W[7*i%16],  6, tab[i]); i++;
		II(d,a,b,c, W[7*i%16], 10, tab[i]); i++;
		II(c,d,a,b, W[7*i%16], 15, tab[i]); i++;
		II(b,c,d,a, W[7*i%16], 21, tab[i]); i++;
	}

	s->h[0] += a;
	s->h[1] += b;
	s->h[2] += c;
	s->h[3] += d;
}

static void pad(struct md5 *s)
{
	unsigned r = s->len % 64;

	s->buf[r++] = 0x80;
	if (r > 56) {
		memset(s->buf + r, 0, 64 - r);
		r = 0;
		processblock(s, s->buf);
	}
	memset(s->buf + r, 0, 56 - r);
	s->len *= 8;
	s->buf[56] = s->len;
	s->buf[57] = s->len >> 8;
	s->buf[58] = s->len >> 16;
	s->buf[59] = s->len >> 24;
	s->buf[60] = s->len >> 32;
	s->buf[61] = s->len >> 40;
	s->buf[62] = s->len >> 48;
	s->buf[63] = s->len >> 56;
	processblock(s, s->buf);
}

static void md5_init(struct md5 *s)
{
	s->len = 0;
	s->h[0] = 0x67452301;
	s->h[1] = 0xefcdab89;
	s->h[2] = 0x98badcfe;
	s->h[3] = 0x10325476;
}

static void md5_sum(struct md5 *s, uint8_t md[16])
{
	int i;

	pad(s);
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		md[4*i] = s->h[i];
		md[4*i+1] = s->h[i] >> 8;
		md[4*i+2] = s->h[i] >> 16;
		md[4*i+3] = s->h[i] >> 24;
	}
}

static void md5_update(struct md5 *s, const void *m, unsigned long len)
{
	const uint8_t *p = m;
	unsigned r = s->len % 64;

	s->len += len;
	if (r) {
		if (len < 64 - r) {
			memcpy(s->buf + r, p, len);
			return;
		}
		memcpy(s->buf + r, p, 64 - r);
		len -= 64 - r;
		p += 64 - r;
		processblock(s, s->buf);
	}
	for (; len >= 64; len -= 64, p += 64)
		processblock(s, p);
	memcpy(s->buf, p, len);
}

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 2003 Poul-Henning Kamp
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/* key limit is not part of the original design, added for DoS protection */
#define KEY_MAX 30000
#define SALT_MAX 8

static unsigned char b64[] =
"./0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";

static char *to64(char *s, unsigned int u, int n)
{
	while (--n >= 0) {
		*s++ = b64[u % 64];
		u /= 64;
	}
	return s;
}

static char *md5crypt(const char *key, const char *setting, char *output)
{
	struct md5 ctx;
	unsigned char md[16];
	unsigned int i, klen, slen;
	const char *salt;
	char *p;

	/* reject large keys */
	klen = strnlen(key, KEY_MAX+1);
	if (klen > KEY_MAX)
		return 0;

	/* setting: $1$salt$ (closing $ is optional) */
	if (strncmp(setting, "$1$", 3) != 0)
		return 0;
	salt = setting + 3;
	for (i = 0; i < SALT_MAX && salt[i] && salt[i] != '$'; i++);
	slen = i;

	/* md5(key salt key) */
	md5_init(&ctx);
	md5_update(&ctx, key, klen);
	md5_update(&ctx, salt, slen);
	md5_update(&ctx, key, klen);
	md5_sum(&ctx, md);

	/* md5(key $1$ salt repeated-md weird-key[0]-0) */
	md5_init(&ctx);
	md5_update(&ctx, key, klen);
	md5_update(&ctx, setting, 3 + slen);
	for (i = klen; i > sizeof md; i -= sizeof md)
		md5_update(&ctx, md, sizeof md);
	md5_update(&ctx, md, i);
	md[0] = 0;
	for (i = klen; i; i >>= 1)
		if (i & 1)
			md5_update(&ctx, md, 1);
		else
			md5_update(&ctx, key, 1);
	md5_sum(&ctx, md);

	/* md = f(md, key, salt) iteration */
	for (i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
		md5_init(&ctx);
		if (i % 2)
			md5_update(&ctx, key, klen);
		else
			md5_update(&ctx, md, sizeof md);
		if (i % 3)
			md5_update(&ctx, salt, slen);
		if (i % 7)
			md5_update(&ctx, key, klen);
		if (i % 2)
			md5_update(&ctx, md, sizeof md);
		else
			md5_update(&ctx, key, klen);
		md5_sum(&ctx, md);
	}

	/* output is $1$salt$hash */
	memcpy(output, setting, 3 + slen);
	p = output + 3 + slen;
	*p++ = '$';
	static const unsigned char perm[][3] = {
		0,6,12,1,7,13,2,8,14,3,9,15,4,10,5 };
	for (i=0; i<5; i++) p = to64(p,
		(md[perm[i][0]]<<16)|(md[perm[i][1]]<<8)|md[perm[i][2]], 4);
	p = to64(p, md[11], 2);
	*p = 0;

	return output;
}

char *__crypt_md5(const char *key, const char *setting, char *output)
{
	static const char testkey[] = "Xy01@#\x01\x02\x80\x7f\xff\r\n\x81\t !";
	static const char testsetting[] = "$1$abcd0123$";
	static const char testhash[] = "$1$abcd0123$9Qcg8DyviekV3tDGMZynJ1";
	char testbuf[64];
	char *p, *q;

	p = md5crypt(key, setting, output);
	/* self test and stack cleanup */
	q = md5crypt(testkey, testsetting, testbuf);
	if (!p || q != testbuf || memcmp(testbuf, testhash, sizeof testhash))
		return "*";
	return p;
}