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/* origin: OpenBSD /usr/src/lib/libm/src/ld80/e_erfl.c */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2008 Stephen L. Moshier <steve@moshier.net>
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
 * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
 * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
 * ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
 * OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 */
/* double erf(double x)
 * double erfc(double x)
 *                           x
 *                    2      |\
 *     erf(x)  =  ---------  | exp(-t*t)dt
 *                 sqrt(pi) \|
 *                           0
 *
 *     erfc(x) =  1-erf(x)
 *  Note that
 *              erf(-x) = -erf(x)
 *              erfc(-x) = 2 - erfc(x)
 *
 * Method:
 *      1. For |x| in [0, 0.84375]
 *          erf(x)  = x + x*R(x^2)
 *          erfc(x) = 1 - erf(x)           if x in [-.84375,0.25]
 *                  = 0.5 + ((0.5-x)-x*R)  if x in [0.25,0.84375]
 *         Remark. The formula is derived by noting
 *          erf(x) = (2/sqrt(pi))*(x - x^3/3 + x^5/10 - x^7/42 + ....)
 *         and that
 *          2/sqrt(pi) = 1.128379167095512573896158903121545171688
 *         is close to one. The interval is chosen because the fix
 *         point of erf(x) is near 0.6174 (i.e., erf(x)=x when x is
 *         near 0.6174), and by some experiment, 0.84375 is chosen to
 *         guarantee the error is less than one ulp for erf.
 *
 *      2. For |x| in [0.84375,1.25], let s = |x| - 1, and
 *         c = 0.84506291151 rounded to single (24 bits)
 *      erf(x)  = sign(x) * (c  + P1(s)/Q1(s))
 *      erfc(x) = (1-c)  - P1(s)/Q1(s) if x > 0
 *                        1+(c+P1(s)/Q1(s))    if x < 0
 *         Remark: here we use the taylor series expansion at x=1.
 *              erf(1+s) = erf(1) + s*Poly(s)
 *                       = 0.845.. + P1(s)/Q1(s)
 *         Note that |P1/Q1|< 0.078 for x in [0.84375,1.25]
 *
 *      3. For x in [1.25,1/0.35(~2.857143)],
 *      erfc(x) = (1/x)*exp(-x*x-0.5625+R1(z)/S1(z))
 *              z=1/x^2
 *      erf(x)  = 1 - erfc(x)
 *
 *      4. For x in [1/0.35,107]
 *      erfc(x) = (1/x)*exp(-x*x-0.5625+R2/S2) if x > 0
 *                      = 2.0 - (1/x)*exp(-x*x-0.5625+R2(z)/S2(z))
 *                             if -6.666<x<0
 *                      = 2.0 - tiny            (if x <= -6.666)
 *              z=1/x^2
 *      erf(x)  = sign(x)*(1.0 - erfc(x)) if x < 6.666, else
 *      erf(x)  = sign(x)*(1.0 - tiny)
 *      Note1:
 *         To compute exp(-x*x-0.5625+R/S), let s be a single
 *         precision number and s := x; then
 *              -x*x = -s*s + (s-x)*(s+x)
 *              exp(-x*x-0.5626+R/S) =
 *                      exp(-s*s-0.5625)*exp((s-x)*(s+x)+R/S);
 *      Note2:
 *         Here 4 and 5 make use of the asymptotic series
 *                        exp(-x*x)
 *              erfc(x) ~ ---------- * ( 1 + Poly(1/x^2) )
 *                        x*sqrt(pi)
 *
 *      5. For inf > x >= 107
 *      erf(x)  = sign(x) *(1 - tiny)  (raise inexact)
 *      erfc(x) = tiny*tiny (raise underflow) if x > 0
 *                      = 2 - tiny if x<0
 *
 *      7. Special case:
 *      erf(0)  = 0, erf(inf)  = 1, erf(-inf) = -1,
 *      erfc(0) = 1, erfc(inf) = 0, erfc(-inf) = 2,
 *              erfc/erf(NaN) is NaN
 */


#include "libm.h"

#if LDBL_MANT_DIG == 53 && LDBL_MAX_EXP == 1024
long double erfl(long double x)
{
	return erf(x);
}
#elif LDBL_MANT_DIG == 64 && LDBL_MAX_EXP == 16384
static const long double
tiny = 1e-4931L,
/* c = (float)0.84506291151 */
erx = 0.845062911510467529296875L,

/*
 * Coefficients for approximation to  erf on [0,0.84375]
 */
/* 2/sqrt(pi) - 1 */
efx = 1.2837916709551257389615890312154517168810E-1L,
/* 8 * (2/sqrt(pi) - 1) */
efx8 = 1.0270333367641005911692712249723613735048E0L,
pp[6] = {
	1.122751350964552113068262337278335028553E6L,
	-2.808533301997696164408397079650699163276E6L,
	-3.314325479115357458197119660818768924100E5L,
	-6.848684465326256109712135497895525446398E4L,
	-2.657817695110739185591505062971929859314E3L,
	-1.655310302737837556654146291646499062882E2L,
},
qq[6] = {
	8.745588372054466262548908189000448124232E6L,
	3.746038264792471129367533128637019611485E6L,
	7.066358783162407559861156173539693900031E5L,
	7.448928604824620999413120955705448117056E4L,
	4.511583986730994111992253980546131408924E3L,
	1.368902937933296323345610240009071254014E2L,
	/* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */
},

/*
 * Coefficients for approximation to  erf  in [0.84375,1.25]
 */
/* erf(x+1) = 0.845062911510467529296875 + pa(x)/qa(x)
   -0.15625 <= x <= +.25
   Peak relative error 8.5e-22  */
pa[8] = {
	-1.076952146179812072156734957705102256059E0L,
	 1.884814957770385593365179835059971587220E2L,
	-5.339153975012804282890066622962070115606E1L,
	 4.435910679869176625928504532109635632618E1L,
	 1.683219516032328828278557309642929135179E1L,
	-2.360236618396952560064259585299045804293E0L,
	 1.852230047861891953244413872297940938041E0L,
	 9.394994446747752308256773044667843200719E-2L,
},
qa[7] =  {
	4.559263722294508998149925774781887811255E2L,
	3.289248982200800575749795055149780689738E2L,
	2.846070965875643009598627918383314457912E2L,
	1.398715859064535039433275722017479994465E2L,
	6.060190733759793706299079050985358190726E1L,
	2.078695677795422351040502569964299664233E1L,
	4.641271134150895940966798357442234498546E0L,
	/* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */
},

/*
 * Coefficients for approximation to  erfc in [1.25,1/0.35]
 */
/* erfc(1/x) = x exp (-1/x^2 - 0.5625 + ra(x^2)/sa(x^2))
   1/2.85711669921875 < 1/x < 1/1.25
   Peak relative error 3.1e-21  */
ra[] = {
	1.363566591833846324191000679620738857234E-1L,
	1.018203167219873573808450274314658434507E1L,
	1.862359362334248675526472871224778045594E2L,
	1.411622588180721285284945138667933330348E3L,
	5.088538459741511988784440103218342840478E3L,
	8.928251553922176506858267311750789273656E3L,
	7.264436000148052545243018622742770549982E3L,
	2.387492459664548651671894725748959751119E3L,
	2.220916652813908085449221282808458466556E2L,
},
sa[] = {
	-1.382234625202480685182526402169222331847E1L,
	-3.315638835627950255832519203687435946482E2L,
	-2.949124863912936259747237164260785326692E3L,
	-1.246622099070875940506391433635999693661E4L,
	-2.673079795851665428695842853070996219632E4L,
	-2.880269786660559337358397106518918220991E4L,
	-1.450600228493968044773354186390390823713E4L,
	-2.874539731125893533960680525192064277816E3L,
	-1.402241261419067750237395034116942296027E2L,
	/* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */
},

/*
 * Coefficients for approximation to  erfc in [1/.35,107]
 */
/* erfc(1/x) = x exp (-1/x^2 - 0.5625 + rb(x^2)/sb(x^2))
   1/6.6666259765625 < 1/x < 1/2.85711669921875
   Peak relative error 4.2e-22  */
rb[] = {
	-4.869587348270494309550558460786501252369E-5L,
	-4.030199390527997378549161722412466959403E-3L,
	-9.434425866377037610206443566288917589122E-2L,
	-9.319032754357658601200655161585539404155E-1L,
	-4.273788174307459947350256581445442062291E0L,
	-8.842289940696150508373541814064198259278E0L,
	-7.069215249419887403187988144752613025255E0L,
	-1.401228723639514787920274427443330704764E0L,
},
sb[] = {
	4.936254964107175160157544545879293019085E-3L,
	1.583457624037795744377163924895349412015E-1L,
	1.850647991850328356622940552450636420484E0L,
	9.927611557279019463768050710008450625415E0L,
	2.531667257649436709617165336779212114570E1L,
	2.869752886406743386458304052862814690045E1L,
	1.182059497870819562441683560749192539345E1L,
	/* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */
},
/* erfc(1/x) = x exp (-1/x^2 - 0.5625 + rc(x^2)/sc(x^2))
   1/107 <= 1/x <= 1/6.6666259765625
   Peak relative error 1.1e-21  */
rc[] = {
	-8.299617545269701963973537248996670806850E-5L,
	-6.243845685115818513578933902532056244108E-3L,
	-1.141667210620380223113693474478394397230E-1L,
	-7.521343797212024245375240432734425789409E-1L,
	-1.765321928311155824664963633786967602934E0L,
	-1.029403473103215800456761180695263439188E0L,
},
sc[] = {
	8.413244363014929493035952542677768808601E-3L,
	2.065114333816877479753334599639158060979E-1L,
	1.639064941530797583766364412782135680148E0L,
	4.936788463787115555582319302981666347450E0L,
	5.005177727208955487404729933261347679090E0L,
	/* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */
};

long double erfl(long double x)
{
	long double R, S, P, Q, s, y, z, r;
	int32_t ix, i;
	uint32_t se, i0, i1;

	GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS(se, i0, i1, x);
	ix = se & 0x7fff;

	if (ix >= 0x7fff) {  /* erf(nan)=nan */
		i = ((se & 0xffff) >> 15) << 1;
		return (long double)(1 - i) + 1.0 / x;  /* erf(+-inf)=+-1 */
	}

	ix = (ix << 16) | (i0 >> 16);
	if (ix < 0x3ffed800) {  /* |x| < 0.84375 */
		if (ix < 0x3fde8000) {  /* |x| < 2**-33 */
			if (ix < 0x00080000)
				return 0.125 * (8.0 * x + efx8 * x);  /* avoid underflow */
			return x + efx * x;
		}
		z = x * x;
		r = pp[0] + z * (pp[1] +
		     z * (pp[2] + z * (pp[3] + z * (pp[4] + z * pp[5]))));
		s = qq[0] + z * (qq[1] +
		     z * (qq[2] + z * (qq[3] + z * (qq[4] + z * (qq[5] + z)))));
		y = r / s;
		return x + x * y;
	}
	if (ix < 0x3fffa000) {  /* 0.84375 <= |x| < 1.25 */
		s = fabsl(x) - 1.0;
		P = pa[0] + s * (pa[1] + s * (pa[2] +
		     s * (pa[3] + s * (pa[4] + s * (pa[5] + s * (pa[6] + s * pa[7]))))));
		Q = qa[0] + s * (qa[1] + s * (qa[2] +
		     s * (qa[3] + s * (qa[4] + s * (qa[5] + s * (qa[6] + s))))));
		if ((se & 0x8000) == 0)
			return erx + P / Q;
		return -erx - P / Q;
	}
	if (ix >= 0x4001d555) {  /* inf > |x| >= 6.6666259765625 */
		if ((se & 0x8000) == 0)
			return 1.0 - tiny;
		return tiny - 1.0;
	}
	x = fabsl (x);
	s = 1.0 / (x * x);
	if (ix < 0x4000b6db) {  /* 1.25 <= |x| < 2.85711669921875 ~ 1/.35 */
		R = ra[0] + s * (ra[1] + s * (ra[2] + s * (ra[3] + s * (ra[4] +
		     s * (ra[5] + s * (ra[6] + s * (ra[7] + s * ra[8])))))));
		S = sa[0] + s * (sa[1] + s * (sa[2] + s * (sa[3] + s * (sa[4] +
		     s * (sa[5] + s * (sa[6] + s * (sa[7] + s * (sa[8] + s))))))));
	} else { /* 2.857 <= |x| < 6.667 */
		R = rb[0] + s * (rb[1] + s * (rb[2] + s * (rb[3] + s * (rb[4] +
		     s * (rb[5] + s * (rb[6] + s * rb[7]))))));
		S = sb[0] + s * (sb[1] + s * (sb[2] + s * (sb[3] + s * (sb[4] +
		     s * (sb[5] + s * (sb[6] + s))))));
	}
	z = x;
	GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS(i, i0, i1, z);
	i1 = 0;
	SET_LDOUBLE_WORDS(z, i, i0, i1);
	r = expl(-z * z - 0.5625) * expl((z - x) * (z + x) + R / S);
	if ((se & 0x8000) == 0)
		return 1.0 - r / x;
	return r / x - 1.0;
}

long double erfcl(long double x)
{
	int32_t hx, ix;
	long double R, S, P, Q, s, y, z, r;
	uint32_t se, i0, i1;

	GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS(se, i0, i1, x);
	ix = se & 0x7fff;
	if (ix >= 0x7fff) {  /* erfc(nan) = nan, erfc(+-inf) = 0,2 */
		return (long double)(((se & 0xffff) >> 15) << 1) + 1.0 / x;
	}

	ix = (ix << 16) | (i0 >> 16);
	if (ix < 0x3ffed800) {  /* |x| < 0.84375 */
		if (ix < 0x3fbe0000)  /* |x| < 2**-65 */
			return 1.0 - x;
		z = x * x;
		r = pp[0] + z * (pp[1] +
		     z * (pp[2] + z * (pp[3] + z * (pp[4] + z * pp[5]))));
		s = qq[0] + z * (qq[1] +
		     z * (qq[2] + z * (qq[3] + z * (qq[4] + z * (qq[5] + z)))));
		y = r / s;
		if (ix < 0x3ffd8000) /* x < 1/4 */
			return 1.0 - (x + x * y);
		r = x * y;
		r += x - 0.5L;
		return 0.5L - r;
	}
	if (ix < 0x3fffa000) {  /* 0.84375 <= |x| < 1.25 */
		s = fabsl(x) - 1.0;
		P = pa[0] + s * (pa[1] + s * (pa[2] +
		     s * (pa[3] + s * (pa[4] + s * (pa[5] + s * (pa[6] + s * pa[7]))))));
		Q = qa[0] + s * (qa[1] + s * (qa[2] +
		     s * (qa[3] + s * (qa[4] + s * (qa[5] + s * (qa[6] + s))))));
		if ((se & 0x8000) == 0) {
			z = 1.0 - erx;
			return z - P / Q;
		}
		z = erx + P / Q;
		return 1.0 + z;
	}
	if (ix < 0x4005d600) {  /* |x| < 107 */
		x = fabsl(x);
		s = 1.0 / (x * x);
		if (ix < 0x4000b6db) {  /* 1.25 <= |x| < 2.85711669921875 ~ 1/.35 */
			R = ra[0] + s * (ra[1] + s * (ra[2] + s * (ra[3] + s * (ra[4] +
			     s * (ra[5] + s * (ra[6] + s * (ra[7] + s * ra[8])))))));
			S = sa[0] + s * (sa[1] + s * (sa[2] + s * (sa[3] + s * (sa[4] +
			     s * (sa[5] + s * (sa[6] + s * (sa[7] + s * (sa[8] + s))))))));
		} else if (ix < 0x4001d555) {  /* 6.6666259765625 > |x| >= 1/.35 ~ 2.857143 */
			R = rb[0] + s * (rb[1] + s * (rb[2] + s * (rb[3] + s * (rb[4] +
			     s * (rb[5] + s * (rb[6] + s * rb[7]))))));
			S = sb[0] + s * (sb[1] + s * (sb[2] + s * (sb[3] + s * (sb[4] +
			     s * (sb[5] + s * (sb[6] + s))))));
		} else { /* 107 > |x| >= 6.666 */
			if (se & 0x8000)
				return 2.0 - tiny;/* x < -6.666 */
			R = rc[0] + s * (rc[1] + s * (rc[2] + s * (rc[3] +
			     s * (rc[4] + s * rc[5]))));
			S = sc[0] + s * (sc[1] + s * (sc[2] + s * (sc[3] +
			     s * (sc[4] + s))));
		}
		z = x;
		GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS(hx, i0, i1, z);
		i1 = 0;
		i0 &= 0xffffff00;
		SET_LDOUBLE_WORDS(z, hx, i0, i1);
		r = expl(-z * z - 0.5625) * expl((z - x) * (z + x) + R / S);
		if ((se & 0x8000) == 0)
			return r / x;
		return 2.0 - r / x;
	}

	if ((se & 0x8000) == 0)
		return tiny * tiny;
	return 2.0 - tiny;
}
#endif