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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * V4L2 sensor driver for Aptina MT9V111 image sensor
 * Copyright (C) 2018 Jacopo Mondi <jacopo@jmondi.org>
 *
 * Based on mt9v032 driver
 * Copyright (C) 2010, Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
 * Copyright (C) 2008, Guennadi Liakhovetski <kernel@pengutronix.de>
 *
 * Based on mt9v011 driver
 * Copyright (c) 2009 Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
 */

#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/videodev2.h>
#include <linux/v4l2-mediabus.h>
#include <linux/module.h>

#include <media/v4l2-ctrls.h>
#include <media/v4l2-device.h>
#include <media/v4l2-fwnode.h>
#include <media/v4l2-image-sizes.h>
#include <media/v4l2-subdev.h>

/*
 * MT9V111 is a 1/4-Inch CMOS digital image sensor with an integrated
 * Image Flow Processing (IFP) engine and a sensor core loosely based on
 * MT9V011.
 *
 * The IFP can produce several output image formats from the sensor core
 * output. This driver currently supports only YUYV format permutations.
 *
 * The driver allows manual frame rate control through s_frame_interval subdev
 * operation or V4L2_CID_V/HBLANK controls, but it is known that the
 * auto-exposure algorithm might modify the programmed frame rate. While the
 * driver initially programs the sensor with auto-exposure and
 * auto-white-balancing enabled, it is possible to disable them and more
 * precisely control the frame rate.
 *
 * While it seems possible to instruct the auto-exposure control algorithm to
 * respect a programmed frame rate when adjusting the pixel integration time,
 * registers controlling this feature are not documented in the public
 * available sensor manual used to develop this driver (09005aef80e90084,
 * MT9V111_1.fm - Rev. G 1/05 EN).
 */

#define MT9V111_CHIP_ID_HIGH				0x82
#define MT9V111_CHIP_ID_LOW				0x3a

#define MT9V111_R01_ADDR_SPACE				0x01
#define MT9V111_R01_IFP					0x01
#define MT9V111_R01_CORE				0x04

#define MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL			0x06
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL_AWB_EN	BIT(1)
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL_AE_EN	BIT(14)
#define MT9V111_IFP_R07_IFP_RESET			0x07
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R07_IFP_RESET_MASK		BIT(0)
#define MT9V111_IFP_R08_OUTFMT_CTRL			0x08
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R08_OUTFMT_CTRL_FLICKER	BIT(11)
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R08_OUTFMT_CTRL_PCLK	BIT(5)
#define MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2			0x3a
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_CBCR	BIT(0)
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_YC	BIT(1)
#define		MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_MASK	GENMASK(2, 0)
#define MT9V111_IFP_RA5_HPAN				0xa5
#define MT9V111_IFP_RA6_HZOOM				0xa6
#define MT9V111_IFP_RA7_HOUT				0xa7
#define MT9V111_IFP_RA8_VPAN				0xa8
#define MT9V111_IFP_RA9_VZOOM				0xa9
#define MT9V111_IFP_RAA_VOUT				0xaa
#define MT9V111_IFP_DECIMATION_MASK			GENMASK(9, 0)
#define MT9V111_IFP_DECIMATION_FREEZE			BIT(15)

#define MT9V111_CORE_R03_WIN_HEIGHT			0x03
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R03_WIN_V_OFFS		2
#define MT9V111_CORE_R04_WIN_WIDTH			0x04
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R04_WIN_H_OFFS		114
#define MT9V111_CORE_R05_HBLANK				0x05
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R05_MIN_HBLANK		0x09
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R05_MAX_HBLANK		GENMASK(9, 0)
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R05_DEF_HBLANK		0x26
#define MT9V111_CORE_R06_VBLANK				0x06
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R06_MIN_VBLANK		0x03
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R06_MAX_VBLANK		GENMASK(11, 0)
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R06_DEF_VBLANK		0x04
#define MT9V111_CORE_R07_OUT_CTRL			0x07
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R07_OUT_CTRL_SAMPLE	BIT(4)
#define MT9V111_CORE_R09_PIXEL_INT			0x09
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R09_PIXEL_INT_MASK		GENMASK(11, 0)
#define MT9V111_CORE_R0D_CORE_RESET			0x0d
#define		MT9V111_CORE_R0D_CORE_RESET_MASK	BIT(0)
#define MT9V111_CORE_RFF_CHIP_VER			0xff

#define MT9V111_PIXEL_ARRAY_WIDTH			640
#define MT9V111_PIXEL_ARRAY_HEIGHT			480

#define MT9V111_MAX_CLKIN				27000000

/* The default sensor configuration at startup time. */
static const struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt mt9v111_def_fmt = {
	.width		= 640,
	.height		= 480,
	.code		= MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8,
	.field		= V4L2_FIELD_NONE,
	.colorspace	= V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB,
	.ycbcr_enc	= V4L2_YCBCR_ENC_601,
	.quantization	= V4L2_QUANTIZATION_LIM_RANGE,
	.xfer_func	= V4L2_XFER_FUNC_SRGB,
};

struct mt9v111_dev {
	struct device *dev;
	struct i2c_client *client;

	u8 addr_space;

	struct v4l2_subdev sd;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER)
	struct media_pad pad;
#endif

	struct v4l2_ctrl *auto_awb;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *auto_exp;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *hblank;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *vblank;
	struct v4l2_ctrl_handler ctrls;

	/* Output image format and sizes. */
	struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt fmt;
	unsigned int fps;

	/* Protects power up/down sequences. */
	struct mutex pwr_mutex;
	int pwr_count;

	/* Protects stream on/off sequences. */
	struct mutex stream_mutex;
	bool streaming;

	/* Flags to mark HW settings as not yet applied. */
	bool pending;

	/* Clock provider and system clock frequency. */
	struct clk *clk;
	u32 sysclk;

	struct gpio_desc *oe;
	struct gpio_desc *standby;
	struct gpio_desc *reset;
};

#define sd_to_mt9v111(__sd) container_of((__sd), struct mt9v111_dev, sd)

/*
 * mt9v111_mbus_fmt - List all media bus formats supported by the driver.
 *
 * Only list the media bus code here. The image sizes are freely configurable
 * in the pixel array sizes range.
 *
 * The desired frame interval, in the supported frame interval range, is
 * obtained by configuring blanking as the sensor does not have a PLL but
 * only a fixed clock divider that generates the output pixel clock.
 */
static struct mt9v111_mbus_fmt {
	u32	code;
} mt9v111_formats[] = {
	{
		.code	= MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8,
	},
	{
		.code	= MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV8_2X8,
	},
	{
		.code	= MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY8_2X8,
	},
	{
		.code	= MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU8_2X8,
	},
};

static u32 mt9v111_frame_intervals[] = {5, 10, 15, 20, 30};

/*
 * mt9v111_frame_sizes - List sensor's supported resolutions.
 *
 * Resolution generated through decimation in the IFP block from the
 * full VGA pixel array.
 */
static struct v4l2_rect mt9v111_frame_sizes[] = {
	{
		.width	= 640,
		.height	= 480,
	},
	{
		.width	= 352,
		.height	= 288
	},
	{
		.width	= 320,
		.height	= 240,
	},
	{
		.width	= 176,
		.height	= 144,
	},
	{
		.width	= 160,
		.height	= 120,
	},
};

/* --- Device I/O access --- */

static int __mt9v111_read(struct i2c_client *c, u8 reg, u16 *val)
{
	struct i2c_msg msg[2];
	__be16 buf;
	int ret;

	msg[0].addr = c->addr;
	msg[0].flags = 0;
	msg[0].len = 1;
	msg[0].buf = &reg;

	msg[1].addr = c->addr;
	msg[1].flags = I2C_M_RD;
	msg[1].len = 2;
	msg[1].buf = (char *)&buf;

	ret = i2c_transfer(c->adapter, msg, 2);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(&c->dev, "i2c read transfer error: %d\n", ret);
		return ret;
	}

	*val = be16_to_cpu(buf);

	dev_dbg(&c->dev, "%s: %x=%x\n", __func__, reg, *val);

	return 0;
}

static int __mt9v111_write(struct i2c_client *c, u8 reg, u16 val)
{
	struct i2c_msg msg;
	u8 buf[3] = { 0 };
	int ret;

	buf[0] = reg;
	buf[1] = val >> 8;
	buf[2] = val & 0xff;

	msg.addr = c->addr;
	msg.flags = 0;
	msg.len = 3;
	msg.buf = (char *)buf;

	dev_dbg(&c->dev, "%s: %x = %x%x\n", __func__, reg, buf[1], buf[2]);

	ret = i2c_transfer(c->adapter, &msg, 1);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(&c->dev, "i2c write transfer error: %d\n", ret);
		return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int __mt9v111_addr_space_select(struct i2c_client *c, u16 addr_space)
{
	struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(c);
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(sd);
	u16 val;
	int ret;

	if (mt9v111->addr_space == addr_space)
		return 0;

	ret = __mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_ADDR_SPACE, addr_space);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/* Verify address space has been updated */
	ret = __mt9v111_read(c, MT9V111_R01_ADDR_SPACE, &val);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	if (val != addr_space)
		return -EINVAL;

	mt9v111->addr_space = addr_space;

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_read(struct i2c_client *c, u8 addr_space, u8 reg, u16 *val)
{
	int ret;

	/* Select register address space first. */
	ret = __mt9v111_addr_space_select(c, addr_space);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = __mt9v111_read(c, reg, val);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_write(struct i2c_client *c, u8 addr_space, u8 reg, u16 val)
{
	int ret;

	/* Select register address space first. */
	ret = __mt9v111_addr_space_select(c, addr_space);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = __mt9v111_write(c, reg, val);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_update(struct i2c_client *c, u8 addr_space, u8 reg,
			  u16 mask, u16 val)
{
	u16 current_val;
	int ret;

	/* Select register address space first. */
	ret = __mt9v111_addr_space_select(c, addr_space);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/* Read the current register value, then update it. */
	ret = __mt9v111_read(c, reg, &current_val);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	current_val &= ~mask;
	current_val |= (val & mask);
	ret = __mt9v111_write(c, reg, current_val);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	return 0;
}

/* --- Sensor HW operations --- */

static int __mt9v111_power_on(struct v4l2_subdev *sd)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(sd);
	int ret;

	ret = clk_prepare_enable(mt9v111->clk);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	clk_set_rate(mt9v111->clk, mt9v111->sysclk);

	gpiod_set_value(mt9v111->standby, 0);
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	gpiod_set_value(mt9v111->oe, 1);
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	return 0;
}

static int __mt9v111_power_off(struct v4l2_subdev *sd)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(sd);

	gpiod_set_value(mt9v111->oe, 0);
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	gpiod_set_value(mt9v111->standby, 1);
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	clk_disable_unprepare(mt9v111->clk);

	return 0;
}

static int __mt9v111_hw_reset(struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111)
{
	if (!mt9v111->reset)
		return -EINVAL;

	gpiod_set_value(mt9v111->reset, 1);
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	gpiod_set_value(mt9v111->reset, 0);
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	return 0;
}

static int __mt9v111_sw_reset(struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111)
{
	struct i2c_client *c = mt9v111->client;
	int ret;

	/* Software reset core and IFP blocks. */

	ret = mt9v111_update(c, MT9V111_R01_CORE,
			     MT9V111_CORE_R0D_CORE_RESET,
			     MT9V111_CORE_R0D_CORE_RESET_MASK, 1);
	if (ret)
		return ret;
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	ret = mt9v111_update(c, MT9V111_R01_CORE,
			     MT9V111_CORE_R0D_CORE_RESET,
			     MT9V111_CORE_R0D_CORE_RESET_MASK, 0);
	if (ret)
		return ret;
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	ret = mt9v111_update(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP,
			     MT9V111_IFP_R07_IFP_RESET,
			     MT9V111_IFP_R07_IFP_RESET_MASK, 1);
	if (ret)
		return ret;
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	ret = mt9v111_update(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP,
			     MT9V111_IFP_R07_IFP_RESET,
			     MT9V111_IFP_R07_IFP_RESET_MASK, 0);
	if (ret)
		return ret;
	usleep_range(500, 1000);

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_calc_frame_rate(struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111,
				   struct v4l2_fract *tpf)
{
	unsigned int fps = tpf->numerator ?
			   tpf->denominator / tpf->numerator :
			   tpf->denominator;
	unsigned int best_diff;
	unsigned int frm_cols;
	unsigned int row_pclk;
	unsigned int best_fps;
	unsigned int pclk;
	unsigned int diff;
	unsigned int idx;
	unsigned int hb;
	unsigned int vb;
	unsigned int i;
	int ret;

	/* Approximate to the closest supported frame interval. */
	best_diff = ~0L;
	for (i = 0, idx = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_frame_intervals); i++) {
		diff = abs(fps - mt9v111_frame_intervals[i]);
		if (diff < best_diff) {
			idx = i;
			best_diff = diff;
		}
	}
	fps = mt9v111_frame_intervals[idx];

	/*
	 * The sensor does not provide a PLL circuitry and pixel clock is
	 * generated dividing the master clock source by two.
	 *
	 * Trow = (W + Hblank + 114) * 2 * (1 / SYSCLK)
	 * TFrame = Trow * (H + Vblank + 2)
	 *
	 * FPS = (SYSCLK / 2) / (Trow * (H + Vblank + 2))
	 *
	 * This boils down to tune H and V blanks to best approximate the
	 * above equation.
	 *
	 * Test all available H/V blank values, until we reach the
	 * desired frame rate.
	 */
	best_fps = vb = hb = 0;
	pclk = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(mt9v111->sysclk, 2);
	row_pclk = MT9V111_PIXEL_ARRAY_WIDTH + 7 + MT9V111_CORE_R04_WIN_H_OFFS;
	frm_cols = MT9V111_PIXEL_ARRAY_HEIGHT + 7 + MT9V111_CORE_R03_WIN_V_OFFS;

	best_diff = ~0L;
	for (vb = MT9V111_CORE_R06_MIN_VBLANK;
	     vb < MT9V111_CORE_R06_MAX_VBLANK; vb++) {
		for (hb = MT9V111_CORE_R05_MIN_HBLANK;
		     hb < MT9V111_CORE_R05_MAX_HBLANK; hb += 10) {
			unsigned int t_frame = (row_pclk + hb) *
					       (frm_cols + vb);
			unsigned int t_fps = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(pclk, t_frame);

			diff = abs(fps - t_fps);
			if (diff < best_diff) {
				best_diff = diff;
				best_fps = t_fps;

				if (diff == 0)
					break;
			}
		}

		if (diff == 0)
			break;
	}

	ret = v4l2_ctrl_s_ctrl_int64(mt9v111->hblank, hb);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = v4l2_ctrl_s_ctrl_int64(mt9v111->vblank, vb);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	tpf->numerator = 1;
	tpf->denominator = best_fps;

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_hw_config(struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111)
{
	struct i2c_client *c = mt9v111->client;
	unsigned int ret;
	u16 outfmtctrl2;

	/* Force device reset. */
	ret = __mt9v111_hw_reset(mt9v111);
	if (ret == -EINVAL)
		ret = __mt9v111_sw_reset(mt9v111);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/* Configure internal clock sample rate. */
	ret = mt9v111->sysclk < DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(MT9V111_MAX_CLKIN, 2) ?
				mt9v111_update(c, MT9V111_R01_CORE,
					MT9V111_CORE_R07_OUT_CTRL,
					MT9V111_CORE_R07_OUT_CTRL_SAMPLE, 1) :
				mt9v111_update(c, MT9V111_R01_CORE,
					MT9V111_CORE_R07_OUT_CTRL,
					MT9V111_CORE_R07_OUT_CTRL_SAMPLE, 0);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/*
	 * Configure output image format components ordering.
	 *
	 * TODO: IFP block can also output several RGB permutations, we only
	 *	 support YUYV permutations at the moment.
	 */
	switch (mt9v111->fmt.code) {
	case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YUYV8_2X8:
			outfmtctrl2 = MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_YC;
			break;
	case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_VYUY8_2X8:
			outfmtctrl2 = MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_CBCR;
			break;
	case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_YVYU8_2X8:
			outfmtctrl2 = MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_YC |
				      MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_CBCR;
			break;
	case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8:
	default:
			outfmtctrl2 = 0;
			break;
	}

	ret = mt9v111_update(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP, MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2,
			     MT9V111_IFP_R3A_OUTFMT_CTRL2_SWAP_MASK,
			     outfmtctrl2);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/*
	 * Do not change default sensor's core configuration:
	 * output the whole 640x480 pixel array, skip 18 columns and 6 rows.
	 *
	 * Instead, control the output image size through IFP block.
	 *
	 * TODO: No zoom&pan support. Currently we control the output image
	 *	 size only through decimation, with no zoom support.
	 */
	ret = mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP, MT9V111_IFP_RA5_HPAN,
			    MT9V111_IFP_DECIMATION_FREEZE);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP, MT9V111_IFP_RA8_VPAN,
			    MT9V111_IFP_DECIMATION_FREEZE);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP, MT9V111_IFP_RA6_HZOOM,
			    MT9V111_IFP_DECIMATION_FREEZE |
			    MT9V111_PIXEL_ARRAY_WIDTH);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP, MT9V111_IFP_RA9_VZOOM,
			    MT9V111_IFP_DECIMATION_FREEZE |
			    MT9V111_PIXEL_ARRAY_HEIGHT);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP, MT9V111_IFP_RA7_HOUT,
			    MT9V111_IFP_DECIMATION_FREEZE |
			    mt9v111->fmt.width);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_IFP, MT9V111_IFP_RAA_VOUT,
			    mt9v111->fmt.height);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/* Apply controls to set auto exp, auto awb and timings */
	ret = v4l2_ctrl_handler_setup(&mt9v111->ctrls);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/*
	 * Set pixel integration time to the whole frame time.
	 * This value controls the the shutter delay when running with AE
	 * disabled. If longer than frame time, it affects the output
	 * frame rate.
	 */
	return mt9v111_write(c, MT9V111_R01_CORE, MT9V111_CORE_R09_PIXEL_INT,
			     MT9V111_PIXEL_ARRAY_HEIGHT);
}

/* ---  V4L2 subdev operations --- */

static int mt9v111_s_power(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, int on)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(sd);
	int pwr_count;
	int ret = 0;

	mutex_lock(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);

	/*
	 * Make sure we're transitioning from 0 to 1, or viceversa,
	 * before actually changing the power state.
	 */
	pwr_count = mt9v111->pwr_count;
	pwr_count += on ? 1 : -1;
	if (pwr_count == !!on) {
		ret = on ? __mt9v111_power_on(sd) :
			   __mt9v111_power_off(sd);
		if (!ret)
			/* All went well, updated power counter. */
			mt9v111->pwr_count = pwr_count;

		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);

		return ret;
	}

	/*
	 * Update power counter to keep track of how many nested calls we
	 * received.
	 */
	WARN_ON(pwr_count < 0 || pwr_count > 1);
	mt9v111->pwr_count = pwr_count;

	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);

	return ret;
}

static int mt9v111_s_stream(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev, int enable)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(subdev);
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	if (mt9v111->streaming == enable) {
		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
		return 0;
	}

	ret = mt9v111_s_power(subdev, enable);
	if (ret)
		goto error_unlock;

	if (enable && mt9v111->pending) {
		ret = mt9v111_hw_config(mt9v111);
		if (ret)
			goto error_unlock;

		/*
		 * No need to update control here as far as only H/VBLANK are
		 * supported and immediately programmed to registers in .s_ctrl
		 */

		mt9v111->pending = false;
	}

	mt9v111->streaming = enable ? true : false;
	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	return 0;

error_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	return ret;
}

static int mt9v111_s_frame_interval(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
				    struct v4l2_subdev_frame_interval *ival)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(sd);
	struct v4l2_fract *tpf = &ival->interval;
	unsigned int fps = tpf->numerator ?
			   tpf->denominator / tpf->numerator :
			   tpf->denominator;
	unsigned int max_fps;

	if (!tpf->numerator)
		tpf->numerator = 1;

	mutex_lock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	if (mt9v111->streaming) {
		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	if (mt9v111->fps == fps) {
		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
		return 0;
	}

	/* Make sure frame rate/image sizes constraints are respected. */
	if (mt9v111->fmt.width < QVGA_WIDTH &&
	    mt9v111->fmt.height < QVGA_HEIGHT)
		max_fps = 90;
	else if (mt9v111->fmt.width < CIF_WIDTH &&
		 mt9v111->fmt.height < CIF_HEIGHT)
		max_fps = 60;
	else
		max_fps = mt9v111->sysclk <
				DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(MT9V111_MAX_CLKIN, 2) ? 15 :
									  30;

	if (fps > max_fps) {
		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	mt9v111_calc_frame_rate(mt9v111, tpf);

	mt9v111->fps = fps;
	mt9v111->pending = true;

	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_g_frame_interval(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
				    struct v4l2_subdev_frame_interval *ival)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(sd);
	struct v4l2_fract *tpf = &ival->interval;

	mutex_lock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	tpf->numerator = 1;
	tpf->denominator = mt9v111->fps;

	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	return 0;
}

static struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *__mt9v111_get_pad_format(
					struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111,
					struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
					unsigned int pad,
					enum v4l2_subdev_format_whence which)
{
	switch (which) {
	case V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY:
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L2_SUBDEV_API)
		return v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(&mt9v111->sd, cfg, pad);
#else
		return &cfg->try_fmt;
#endif
	case V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE:
		return &mt9v111->fmt;
	default:
		return NULL;
	}
}

static int mt9v111_enum_mbus_code(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
				  struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
				  struct v4l2_subdev_mbus_code_enum *code)
{
	if (code->pad || code->index > ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_formats) - 1)
		return -EINVAL;

	code->code = mt9v111_formats[code->index].code;

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_enum_frame_interval(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
				struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
				struct v4l2_subdev_frame_interval_enum *fie)
{
	unsigned int i;

	if (fie->pad || fie->index >= ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_frame_intervals))
		return -EINVAL;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_frame_sizes); i++)
		if (fie->width == mt9v111_frame_sizes[i].width &&
		    fie->height == mt9v111_frame_sizes[i].height)
			break;

	if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_frame_sizes))
		return -EINVAL;

	fie->interval.numerator = 1;
	fie->interval.denominator = mt9v111_frame_intervals[fie->index];

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_enum_frame_size(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
				   struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
				   struct v4l2_subdev_frame_size_enum *fse)
{
	if (fse->pad || fse->index >= ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_frame_sizes))
		return -EINVAL;

	fse->min_width = mt9v111_frame_sizes[fse->index].width;
	fse->max_width = mt9v111_frame_sizes[fse->index].width;
	fse->min_height = mt9v111_frame_sizes[fse->index].height;
	fse->max_height = mt9v111_frame_sizes[fse->index].height;

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_get_format(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
			      struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
			      struct v4l2_subdev_format *format)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(subdev);

	if (format->pad)
		return -EINVAL;

	mutex_lock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
	format->format = *__mt9v111_get_pad_format(mt9v111, cfg, format->pad,
						   format->which);
	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_set_format(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
			      struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
			      struct v4l2_subdev_format *format)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(subdev);
	struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt new_fmt;
	struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *__fmt;
	unsigned int best_fit = ~0L;
	unsigned int idx = 0;
	unsigned int i;

	mutex_lock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
	if (mt9v111->streaming) {
		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	if (format->pad) {
		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Update mbus format code and sizes. */
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_formats); i++) {
		if (format->format.code == mt9v111_formats[i].code) {
			new_fmt.code = mt9v111_formats[i].code;
			break;
		}
	}
	if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_formats))
		new_fmt.code = mt9v111_formats[0].code;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mt9v111_frame_sizes); i++) {
		unsigned int fit = abs(mt9v111_frame_sizes[i].width -
				       format->format.width) +
				   abs(mt9v111_frame_sizes[i].height -
				       format->format.height);
		if (fit < best_fit) {
			best_fit = fit;
			idx = i;

			if (fit == 0)
				break;
		}
	}
	new_fmt.width = mt9v111_frame_sizes[idx].width;
	new_fmt.height = mt9v111_frame_sizes[idx].height;

	/* Update the device (or pad) format if it has changed. */
	__fmt = __mt9v111_get_pad_format(mt9v111, cfg, format->pad,
					 format->which);

	/* Format hasn't changed, stop here. */
	if (__fmt->code == new_fmt.code &&
	    __fmt->width == new_fmt.width &&
	    __fmt->height == new_fmt.height)
		goto done;

	/* Update the format and sizes, then  mark changes as pending. */
	__fmt->code = new_fmt.code;
	__fmt->width = new_fmt.width;
	__fmt->height = new_fmt.height;

	if (format->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE)
		mt9v111->pending = true;

	dev_dbg(mt9v111->dev, "%s: mbus_code: %x - (%ux%u)\n",
		__func__, __fmt->code, __fmt->width, __fmt->height);

done:
	format->format = *__fmt;

	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	return 0;
}

static int mt9v111_init_cfg(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
			    struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg)
{
	cfg->try_fmt = mt9v111_def_fmt;

	return 0;
}

static const struct v4l2_subdev_core_ops mt9v111_core_ops = {
	.s_power		= mt9v111_s_power,
};

static const struct v4l2_subdev_video_ops mt9v111_video_ops = {
	.s_stream		= mt9v111_s_stream,
	.s_frame_interval	= mt9v111_s_frame_interval,
	.g_frame_interval	= mt9v111_g_frame_interval,
};

static const struct v4l2_subdev_pad_ops mt9v111_pad_ops = {
	.init_cfg		= mt9v111_init_cfg,
	.enum_mbus_code		= mt9v111_enum_mbus_code,
	.enum_frame_size	= mt9v111_enum_frame_size,
	.enum_frame_interval	= mt9v111_enum_frame_interval,
	.get_fmt		= mt9v111_get_format,
	.set_fmt		= mt9v111_set_format,
};

static const struct v4l2_subdev_ops mt9v111_ops = {
	.core	= &mt9v111_core_ops,
	.video	= &mt9v111_video_ops,
	.pad	= &mt9v111_pad_ops,
};

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER)
static const struct media_entity_operations mt9v111_subdev_entity_ops = {
	.link_validate = v4l2_subdev_link_validate,
};
#endif

/* --- V4L2 ctrl --- */
static int mt9v111_s_ctrl(struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = container_of(ctrl->handler,
						   struct mt9v111_dev,
						   ctrls);
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);
	/*
	 * If sensor is powered down, just cache new control values,
	 * no actual register access.
	 */
	if (!mt9v111->pwr_count) {
		mt9v111->pending = true;
		mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);
		return 0;
	}
	mutex_unlock(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);

	/*
	 * Flickering control gets disabled if both auto exp and auto awb
	 * are disabled too. If any of the two is enabled, enable it.
	 *
	 * Disabling flickering when ae and awb are off allows a more precise
	 * control of the programmed frame rate.
	 */
	if (mt9v111->auto_exp->is_new || mt9v111->auto_awb->is_new) {
		if (mt9v111->auto_exp->val == V4L2_EXPOSURE_MANUAL &&
		    mt9v111->auto_awb->val == V4L2_WHITE_BALANCE_MANUAL)
			ret = mt9v111_update(mt9v111->client, MT9V111_R01_IFP,
					     MT9V111_IFP_R08_OUTFMT_CTRL,
					     MT9V111_IFP_R08_OUTFMT_CTRL_FLICKER,
					     0);
		else
			ret = mt9v111_update(mt9v111->client, MT9V111_R01_IFP,
					     MT9V111_IFP_R08_OUTFMT_CTRL,
					     MT9V111_IFP_R08_OUTFMT_CTRL_FLICKER,
					     1);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	ret = -EINVAL;
	switch (ctrl->id) {
	case V4L2_CID_AUTO_WHITE_BALANCE:
		ret = mt9v111_update(mt9v111->client, MT9V111_R01_IFP,
				     MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL,
				     MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL_AWB_EN,
				     ctrl->val == V4L2_WHITE_BALANCE_AUTO ?
				     MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL_AWB_EN : 0);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_EXPOSURE_AUTO:
		ret = mt9v111_update(mt9v111->client, MT9V111_R01_IFP,
				     MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL,
				     MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL_AE_EN,
				     ctrl->val == V4L2_EXPOSURE_AUTO ?
				     MT9V111_IFP_R06_OPMODE_CTRL_AE_EN : 0);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_HBLANK:
		ret = mt9v111_update(mt9v111->client, MT9V111_R01_CORE,
				     MT9V111_CORE_R05_HBLANK,
				     MT9V111_CORE_R05_MAX_HBLANK,
				     mt9v111->hblank->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_VBLANK:
		ret = mt9v111_update(mt9v111->client, MT9V111_R01_CORE,
				     MT9V111_CORE_R06_VBLANK,
				     MT9V111_CORE_R06_MAX_VBLANK,
				     mt9v111->vblank->val);
		break;
	}

	return ret;
}

static const struct v4l2_ctrl_ops mt9v111_ctrl_ops = {
	.s_ctrl = mt9v111_s_ctrl,
};

static int mt9v111_chip_probe(struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111)
{
	int ret;
	u16 val;

	ret = __mt9v111_power_on(&mt9v111->sd);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = mt9v111_read(mt9v111->client, MT9V111_R01_CORE,
			   MT9V111_CORE_RFF_CHIP_VER, &val);
	if (ret)
		goto power_off;

	if ((val >> 8) != MT9V111_CHIP_ID_HIGH &&
	    (val & 0xff) != MT9V111_CHIP_ID_LOW) {
		dev_err(mt9v111->dev,
			"Unable to identify MT9V111 chip: 0x%2x%2x\n",
			val >> 8, val & 0xff);
		ret = -EIO;
		goto power_off;
	}

	dev_dbg(mt9v111->dev, "Chip identified: 0x%2x%2x\n",
		val >> 8, val & 0xff);

power_off:
	__mt9v111_power_off(&mt9v111->sd);

	return ret;
}

static int mt9v111_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111;
	struct v4l2_fract tpf;
	int ret;

	mt9v111 = devm_kzalloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*mt9v111), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!mt9v111)
		return -ENOMEM;

	mt9v111->dev = &client->dev;
	mt9v111->client = client;

	mt9v111->clk = devm_clk_get(&client->dev, NULL);
	if (IS_ERR(mt9v111->clk))
		return PTR_ERR(mt9v111->clk);

	mt9v111->sysclk = clk_get_rate(mt9v111->clk);
	if (mt9v111->sysclk > MT9V111_MAX_CLKIN)
		return -EINVAL;

	mt9v111->oe = devm_gpiod_get_optional(&client->dev, "enable",
					      GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
	if (IS_ERR(mt9v111->oe)) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "Unable to get GPIO \"enable\": %ld\n",
			PTR_ERR(mt9v111->oe));
		return PTR_ERR(mt9v111->oe);
	}

	mt9v111->standby = devm_gpiod_get_optional(&client->dev, "standby",
						   GPIOD_OUT_HIGH);
	if (IS_ERR(mt9v111->standby)) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "Unable to get GPIO \"standby\": %ld\n",
			PTR_ERR(mt9v111->standby));
		return PTR_ERR(mt9v111->standby);
	}

	mt9v111->reset = devm_gpiod_get_optional(&client->dev, "reset",
						 GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
	if (IS_ERR(mt9v111->reset)) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "Unable to get GPIO \"reset\": %ld\n",
			PTR_ERR(mt9v111->reset));
		return PTR_ERR(mt9v111->reset);
	}

	mutex_init(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);
	mutex_init(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	v4l2_ctrl_handler_init(&mt9v111->ctrls, 5);

	mt9v111->auto_awb = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&mt9v111->ctrls,
					      &mt9v111_ctrl_ops,
					      V4L2_CID_AUTO_WHITE_BALANCE,
					      0, 1, 1,
					      V4L2_WHITE_BALANCE_AUTO);
	mt9v111->auto_exp = v4l2_ctrl_new_std_menu(&mt9v111->ctrls,
						   &mt9v111_ctrl_ops,
						   V4L2_CID_EXPOSURE_AUTO,
						   V4L2_EXPOSURE_MANUAL,
						   0, V4L2_EXPOSURE_AUTO);
	mt9v111->hblank = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&mt9v111->ctrls, &mt9v111_ctrl_ops,
					    V4L2_CID_HBLANK,
					    MT9V111_CORE_R05_MIN_HBLANK,
					    MT9V111_CORE_R05_MAX_HBLANK, 1,
					    MT9V111_CORE_R05_DEF_HBLANK);
	mt9v111->vblank = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&mt9v111->ctrls, &mt9v111_ctrl_ops,
					    V4L2_CID_VBLANK,
					    MT9V111_CORE_R06_MIN_VBLANK,
					    MT9V111_CORE_R06_MAX_VBLANK, 1,
					    MT9V111_CORE_R06_DEF_VBLANK);

	/* PIXEL_RATE is fixed: just expose it to user space. */
	v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&mt9v111->ctrls, &mt9v111_ctrl_ops,
			  V4L2_CID_PIXEL_RATE, 0,
			  DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(mt9v111->sysclk, 2), 1,
			  DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(mt9v111->sysclk, 2));

	if (mt9v111->ctrls.error) {
		ret = mt9v111->ctrls.error;
		goto error_free_ctrls;
	}
	mt9v111->sd.ctrl_handler = &mt9v111->ctrls;

	/* Start with default configuration: 640x480 UYVY. */
	mt9v111->fmt	= mt9v111_def_fmt;

	/* Re-calculate blankings for 640x480@15fps. */
	mt9v111->fps		= 15;
	tpf.numerator		= 1;
	tpf.denominator		= mt9v111->fps;
	mt9v111_calc_frame_rate(mt9v111, &tpf);

	mt9v111->pwr_count	= 0;
	mt9v111->addr_space	= MT9V111_R01_IFP;
	mt9v111->pending	= true;

	v4l2_i2c_subdev_init(&mt9v111->sd, client, &mt9v111_ops);

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER)
	mt9v111->sd.flags	|= V4L2_SUBDEV_FL_HAS_DEVNODE;
	mt9v111->sd.entity.ops	= &mt9v111_subdev_entity_ops;
	mt9v111->sd.entity.function = MEDIA_ENT_F_CAM_SENSOR;

	mt9v111->pad.flags	= MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE;
	ret = media_entity_pads_init(&mt9v111->sd.entity, 1, &mt9v111->pad);
	if (ret)
		goto error_free_entity;
#endif

	ret = mt9v111_chip_probe(mt9v111);
	if (ret)
		goto error_free_entity;

	ret = v4l2_async_register_subdev(&mt9v111->sd);
	if (ret)
		goto error_free_entity;

	return 0;

error_free_entity:
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER)
	media_entity_cleanup(&mt9v111->sd.entity);
#endif

error_free_ctrls:
	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&mt9v111->ctrls);

	mutex_destroy(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);
	mutex_destroy(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	return ret;
}

static int mt9v111_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
	struct mt9v111_dev *mt9v111 = sd_to_mt9v111(sd);

	v4l2_async_unregister_subdev(sd);

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER)
	media_entity_cleanup(&sd->entity);
#endif

	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&mt9v111->ctrls);

	mutex_destroy(&mt9v111->pwr_mutex);
	mutex_destroy(&mt9v111->stream_mutex);

	devm_gpiod_put(mt9v111->dev, mt9v111->oe);
	devm_gpiod_put(mt9v111->dev, mt9v111->standby);
	devm_gpiod_put(mt9v111->dev, mt9v111->reset);

	devm_clk_put(mt9v111->dev, mt9v111->clk);

	return 0;
}

static const struct of_device_id mt9v111_of_match[] = {
	{ .compatible = "aptina,mt9v111", },
	{ /* sentinel */ },
};

static struct i2c_driver mt9v111_driver = {
	.driver = {
		.name = "mt9v111",
		.of_match_table = mt9v111_of_match,
	},
	.probe_new	= mt9v111_probe,
	.remove		= mt9v111_remove,
};

module_i2c_driver(mt9v111_driver);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("V4L2 sensor driver for Aptina MT9V111");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Jacopo Mondi <jacopo@jmondi.org>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");