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/*
 * Copyright 2007-2008 Extreme Engineering Solutions, Inc.
 *
 * Author: Nate Case <ncase@xes-inc.com>
 *
 * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of version 2 of
 * the GNU General Public License.  See the file COPYING in the main
 * directory of this archive for more details.
 *
 * LED driver for various PCA955x I2C LED drivers
 *
 * Supported devices:
 *
 *	Device		Description		7-bit slave address
 *	------		-----------		-------------------
 *	PCA9550		2-bit driver		0x60 .. 0x61
 *	PCA9551		8-bit driver		0x60 .. 0x67
 *	PCA9552		16-bit driver		0x60 .. 0x67
 *	PCA9553/01	4-bit driver		0x62
 *	PCA9553/02	4-bit driver		0x63
 *
 * Philips PCA955x LED driver chips follow a register map as shown below:
 *
 *	Control Register		Description
 *	----------------		-----------
 *	0x0				Input register 0
 *					..
 *	NUM_INPUT_REGS - 1		Last Input register X
 *
 *	NUM_INPUT_REGS			Frequency prescaler 0
 *	NUM_INPUT_REGS + 1		PWM register 0
 *	NUM_INPUT_REGS + 2		Frequency prescaler 1
 *	NUM_INPUT_REGS + 3		PWM register 1
 *
 *	NUM_INPUT_REGS + 4		LED selector 0
 *	NUM_INPUT_REGS + 4
 *	    + NUM_LED_REGS - 1		Last LED selector
 *
 *  where NUM_INPUT_REGS and NUM_LED_REGS vary depending on how many
 *  bits the chip supports.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/leds.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

/* LED select registers determine the source that drives LED outputs */
#define PCA955X_LS_LED_ON	0x0	/* Output LOW */
#define PCA955X_LS_LED_OFF	0x1	/* Output HI-Z */
#define PCA955X_LS_BLINK0	0x2	/* Blink at PWM0 rate */
#define PCA955X_LS_BLINK1	0x3	/* Blink at PWM1 rate */

enum pca955x_type {
	pca9550,
	pca9551,
	pca9552,
	pca9553,
};

struct pca955x_chipdef {
	int			bits;
	u8			slv_addr;	/* 7-bit slave address mask */
	int			slv_addr_shift;	/* Number of bits to ignore */
};

static struct pca955x_chipdef pca955x_chipdefs[] = {
	[pca9550] = {
		.bits		= 2,
		.slv_addr	= /* 110000x */ 0x60,
		.slv_addr_shift	= 1,
	},
	[pca9551] = {
		.bits		= 8,
		.slv_addr	= /* 1100xxx */ 0x60,
		.slv_addr_shift	= 3,
	},
	[pca9552] = {
		.bits		= 16,
		.slv_addr	= /* 1100xxx */ 0x60,
		.slv_addr_shift	= 3,
	},
	[pca9553] = {
		.bits		= 4,
		.slv_addr	= /* 110001x */ 0x62,
		.slv_addr_shift	= 1,
	},
};

static const struct i2c_device_id pca955x_id[] = {
	{ "pca9550", pca9550 },
	{ "pca9551", pca9551 },
	{ "pca9552", pca9552 },
	{ "pca9553", pca9553 },
	{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, pca955x_id);

struct pca955x {
	struct mutex lock;
	struct pca955x_led *leds;
	struct pca955x_chipdef	*chipdef;
	struct i2c_client	*client;
};

struct pca955x_led {
	struct pca955x	*pca955x;
	struct work_struct	work;
	enum led_brightness	brightness;
	struct led_classdev	led_cdev;
	int			led_num;	/* 0 .. 15 potentially */
	char			name[32];
};

/* 8 bits per input register */
static inline int pca95xx_num_input_regs(int bits)
{
	return (bits + 7) / 8;
}

/* 4 bits per LED selector register */
static inline int pca95xx_num_led_regs(int bits)
{
	return (bits + 3)  / 4;
}

/*
 * Return an LED selector register value based on an existing one, with
 * the appropriate 2-bit state value set for the given LED number (0-3).
 */
static inline u8 pca955x_ledsel(u8 oldval, int led_num, int state)
{
	return (oldval & (~(0x3 << (led_num << 1)))) |
		((state & 0x3) << (led_num << 1));
}

/*
 * Write to frequency prescaler register, used to program the
 * period of the PWM output.  period = (PSCx + 1) / 38
 */
static void pca955x_write_psc(struct i2c_client *client, int n, u8 val)
{
	struct pca955x *pca955x = i2c_get_clientdata(client);

	i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client,
		pca95xx_num_input_regs(pca955x->chipdef->bits) + 2*n,
		val);
}

/*
 * Write to PWM register, which determines the duty cycle of the
 * output.  LED is OFF when the count is less than the value of this
 * register, and ON when it is greater.  If PWMx == 0, LED is always OFF.
 *
 * Duty cycle is (256 - PWMx) / 256
 */
static void pca955x_write_pwm(struct i2c_client *client, int n, u8 val)
{
	struct pca955x *pca955x = i2c_get_clientdata(client);

	i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client,
		pca95xx_num_input_regs(pca955x->chipdef->bits) + 1 + 2*n,
		val);
}

/*
 * Write to LED selector register, which determines the source that
 * drives the LED output.
 */
static void pca955x_write_ls(struct i2c_client *client, int n, u8 val)
{
	struct pca955x *pca955x = i2c_get_clientdata(client);

	i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client,
		pca95xx_num_input_regs(pca955x->chipdef->bits) + 4 + n,
		val);
}

/*
 * Read the LED selector register, which determines the source that
 * drives the LED output.
 */
static u8 pca955x_read_ls(struct i2c_client *client, int n)
{
	struct pca955x *pca955x = i2c_get_clientdata(client);

	return (u8) i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client,
		pca95xx_num_input_regs(pca955x->chipdef->bits) + 4 + n);
}

static void pca955x_led_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct pca955x_led *pca955x_led;
	struct pca955x *pca955x;
	u8 ls;
	int chip_ls;	/* which LSx to use (0-3 potentially) */
	int ls_led;	/* which set of bits within LSx to use (0-3) */

	pca955x_led = container_of(work, struct pca955x_led, work);
	pca955x = pca955x_led->pca955x;

	chip_ls = pca955x_led->led_num / 4;
	ls_led = pca955x_led->led_num % 4;

	mutex_lock(&pca955x->lock);

	ls = pca955x_read_ls(pca955x->client, chip_ls);

	switch (pca955x_led->brightness) {
	case LED_FULL:
		ls = pca955x_ledsel(ls, ls_led, PCA955X_LS_LED_ON);
		break;
	case LED_OFF:
		ls = pca955x_ledsel(ls, ls_led, PCA955X_LS_LED_OFF);
		break;
	case LED_HALF:
		ls = pca955x_ledsel(ls, ls_led, PCA955X_LS_BLINK0);
		break;
	default:
		/*
		 * Use PWM1 for all other values.  This has the unwanted
		 * side effect of making all LEDs on the chip share the
		 * same brightness level if set to a value other than
		 * OFF, HALF, or FULL.  But, this is probably better than
		 * just turning off for all other values.
		 */
		pca955x_write_pwm(pca955x->client, 1,
				255 - pca955x_led->brightness);
		ls = pca955x_ledsel(ls, ls_led, PCA955X_LS_BLINK1);
		break;
	}

	pca955x_write_ls(pca955x->client, chip_ls, ls);

	mutex_unlock(&pca955x->lock);
}

static void pca955x_led_set(struct led_classdev *led_cdev, enum led_brightness value)
{
	struct pca955x_led *pca955x;

	pca955x = container_of(led_cdev, struct pca955x_led, led_cdev);

	pca955x->brightness = value;

	/*
	 * Must use workqueue for the actual I/O since I2C operations
	 * can sleep.
	 */
	schedule_work(&pca955x->work);
}

static int pca955x_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
					const struct i2c_device_id *id)
{
	struct pca955x *pca955x;
	struct pca955x_led *pca955x_led;
	struct pca955x_chipdef *chip;
	struct i2c_adapter *adapter;
	struct led_platform_data *pdata;
	int i, err;

	chip = &pca955x_chipdefs[id->driver_data];
	adapter = to_i2c_adapter(client->dev.parent);
	pdata = dev_get_platdata(&client->dev);

	/* Make sure the slave address / chip type combo given is possible */
	if ((client->addr & ~((1 << chip->slv_addr_shift) - 1)) !=
	    chip->slv_addr) {
		dev_err(&client->dev, "invalid slave address %02x\n",
				client->addr);
		return -ENODEV;
	}

	dev_info(&client->dev, "leds-pca955x: Using %s %d-bit LED driver at "
			"slave address 0x%02x\n",
			id->name, chip->bits, client->addr);

	if (!i2c_check_functionality(adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C))
		return -EIO;

	if (pdata) {
		if (pdata->num_leds != chip->bits) {
			dev_err(&client->dev, "board info claims %d LEDs"
					" on a %d-bit chip\n",
					pdata->num_leds, chip->bits);
			return -ENODEV;
		}
	}

	pca955x = devm_kzalloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*pca955x), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pca955x)
		return -ENOMEM;

	pca955x->leds = devm_kzalloc(&client->dev,
			sizeof(*pca955x_led) * chip->bits, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pca955x->leds)
		return -ENOMEM;

	i2c_set_clientdata(client, pca955x);

	mutex_init(&pca955x->lock);
	pca955x->client = client;
	pca955x->chipdef = chip;

	for (i = 0; i < chip->bits; i++) {
		pca955x_led = &pca955x->leds[i];
		pca955x_led->led_num = i;
		pca955x_led->pca955x = pca955x;

		/* Platform data can specify LED names and default triggers */
		if (pdata) {
			if (pdata->leds[i].name)
				snprintf(pca955x_led->name,
					sizeof(pca955x_led->name), "pca955x:%s",
					pdata->leds[i].name);
			if (pdata->leds[i].default_trigger)
				pca955x_led->led_cdev.default_trigger =
					pdata->leds[i].default_trigger;
		} else {
			snprintf(pca955x_led->name, sizeof(pca955x_led->name),
				 "pca955x:%d", i);
		}

		pca955x_led->led_cdev.name = pca955x_led->name;
		pca955x_led->led_cdev.brightness_set = pca955x_led_set;

		INIT_WORK(&pca955x_led->work, pca955x_led_work);

		err = led_classdev_register(&client->dev,
					&pca955x_led->led_cdev);
		if (err < 0)
			goto exit;
	}

	/* Turn off LEDs */
	for (i = 0; i < pca95xx_num_led_regs(chip->bits); i++)
		pca955x_write_ls(client, i, 0x55);

	/* PWM0 is used for half brightness or 50% duty cycle */
	pca955x_write_pwm(client, 0, 255-LED_HALF);

	/* PWM1 is used for variable brightness, default to OFF */
	pca955x_write_pwm(client, 1, 0);

	/* Set to fast frequency so we do not see flashing */
	pca955x_write_psc(client, 0, 0);
	pca955x_write_psc(client, 1, 0);

	return 0;

exit:
	while (i--) {
		led_classdev_unregister(&pca955x->leds[i].led_cdev);
		cancel_work_sync(&pca955x->leds[i].work);
	}

	return err;
}

static int pca955x_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	struct pca955x *pca955x = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < pca955x->chipdef->bits; i++) {
		led_classdev_unregister(&pca955x->leds[i].led_cdev);
		cancel_work_sync(&pca955x->leds[i].work);
	}

	return 0;
}

static struct i2c_driver pca955x_driver = {
	.driver = {
		.name	= "leds-pca955x",
		.owner	= THIS_MODULE,
	},
	.probe	= pca955x_probe,
	.remove	= pca955x_remove,
	.id_table = pca955x_id,
};

module_i2c_driver(pca955x_driver);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Nate Case <ncase@xes-inc.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("PCA955x LED driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");