Linux debugging

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/* vi: set sw=4 ts=4: */
/*
 * hdparm implementation for busybox
 *
 *
 * Copyright (C) [2003] by [Matteo Croce] <3297627799@wind.it>
 *
 * Hacked by Tito <farmatito@tiscali.it> for size optimization.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
 * 02111-1307 USA
 *
 *
 * This program is based on the source code of hdparm: see below...
 * hdparm.c - Command line interface to get/set hard disk parameters
 *          - by Mark Lord (C) 1994-2002 -- freely distributable
 */

#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <endian.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/shm.h>
#include <sys/sysmacros.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/times.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include "busybox.h"
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/hdreg.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>


#if BB_BIG_ENDIAN && !defined(__USE_XOPEN)
# define __USE_XOPEN
#endif

/* device types */
/* ------------ */
#define NO_DEV                  0xffff
#define ATA_DEV                 0x0000
#define ATAPI_DEV               0x0001

/* word definitions */
/* ---------------- */
#define GEN_CONFIG		0   /* general configuration */
#define LCYLS			1   /* number of logical cylinders */
#define CONFIG			2   /* specific configuration */
#define LHEADS			3   /* number of logical heads */
#define TRACK_BYTES		4   /* number of bytes/track (ATA-1) */
#define SECT_BYTES		5   /* number of bytes/sector (ATA-1) */
#define LSECTS			6   /* number of logical sectors/track */
#define START_SERIAL            10  /* ASCII serial number */
#define LENGTH_SERIAL           10  /* 10 words (20 bytes or characters) */
#define BUF_TYPE		20  /* buffer type (ATA-1) */
#define BUFFER__SIZE		21  /* buffer size (ATA-1) */
#define RW_LONG			22  /* extra bytes in R/W LONG cmd ( < ATA-4)*/
#define START_FW_REV            23  /* ASCII firmware revision */
#define LENGTH_FW_REV		 4  /*  4 words (8 bytes or characters) */
#define START_MODEL		27  /* ASCII model number */
#define LENGTH_MODEL		20  /* 20 words (40 bytes or characters) */
#define SECTOR_XFER_MAX	        47  /* r/w multiple: max sectors xfered */
#define DWORD_IO		48  /* can do double-word IO (ATA-1 only) */
#define CAPAB_0			49  /* capabilities */
#define CAPAB_1			50
#define PIO_MODE		51  /* max PIO mode supported (obsolete)*/
#define DMA_MODE		52  /* max Singleword DMA mode supported (obs)*/
#define WHATS_VALID		53  /* what fields are valid */
#define LCYLS_CUR		54  /* current logical cylinders */
#define LHEADS_CUR		55  /* current logical heads */
#define LSECTS_CUR	        56  /* current logical sectors/track */
#define CAPACITY_LSB		57  /* current capacity in sectors */
#define CAPACITY_MSB		58
#define SECTOR_XFER_CUR		59  /* r/w multiple: current sectors xfered */
#define LBA_SECTS_LSB		60  /* LBA: total number of user */
#define LBA_SECTS_MSB		61  /*      addressable sectors */
#define SINGLE_DMA		62  /* singleword DMA modes */
#define MULTI_DMA		63  /* multiword DMA modes */
#define ADV_PIO_MODES		64  /* advanced PIO modes supported */
				    /* multiword DMA xfer cycle time: */
#define DMA_TIME_MIN		65  /*   - minimum */
#define DMA_TIME_NORM		66  /*   - manufacturer's recommended	*/
				    /* minimum PIO xfer cycle time: */
#define PIO_NO_FLOW		67  /*   - without flow control */
#define PIO_FLOW		68  /*   - with IORDY flow control */
#define PKT_REL			71  /* typical #ns from PKT cmd to bus rel */
#define SVC_NBSY		72  /* typical #ns from SERVICE cmd to !BSY */
#define CDR_MAJOR		73  /* CD ROM: major version number */
#define CDR_MINOR		74  /* CD ROM: minor version number */
#define QUEUE_DEPTH		75  /* queue depth */
#define MAJOR			80  /* major version number */
#define MINOR			81  /* minor version number */
#define CMDS_SUPP_0		82  /* command/feature set(s) supported */
#define CMDS_SUPP_1		83
#define CMDS_SUPP_2		84
#define CMDS_EN_0		85  /* command/feature set(s) enabled */
#define CMDS_EN_1		86
#define CMDS_EN_2		87
#define ULTRA_DMA		88  /* ultra DMA modes */
				    /* time to complete security erase */
#define ERASE_TIME		89  /*   - ordinary */
#define ENH_ERASE_TIME		90  /*   - enhanced */
#define ADV_PWR			91  /* current advanced power management level
				       in low byte, 0x40 in high byte. */
#define PSWD_CODE		92  /* master password revision code	*/
#define HWRST_RSLT		93  /* hardware reset result */
#define ACOUSTIC		94  /* acoustic mgmt values ( >= ATA-6) */
#define LBA_LSB			100 /* LBA: maximum.  Currently only 48 */
#define LBA_MID			101 /*      bits are used, but addr 103 */
#define LBA_48_MSB		102 /*      has been reserved for LBA in */
#define LBA_64_MSB		103 /*      the future. */
#define RM_STAT			127 /* removable media status notification feature set support */
#define SECU_STATUS		128 /* security status */
#define CFA_PWR_MODE		160 /* CFA power mode 1 */
#define START_MEDIA             176 /* media serial number */
#define LENGTH_MEDIA            20  /* 20 words (40 bytes or characters)*/
#define START_MANUF             196 /* media manufacturer I.D. */
#define LENGTH_MANUF            10  /* 10 words (20 bytes or characters) */
#define INTEGRITY		255 /* integrity word */

/* bit definitions within the words */
/* -------------------------------- */

/* many words are considered valid if bit 15 is 0 and bit 14 is 1 */
#define VALID			0xc000
#define VALID_VAL		0x4000
/* many words are considered invalid if they are either all-0 or all-1 */
#define NOVAL_0			0x0000
#define NOVAL_1			0xffff

/* word 0: gen_config */
#define NOT_ATA			0x8000
#define NOT_ATAPI		0x4000	/* (check only if bit 15 == 1) */
#define MEDIA_REMOVABLE		0x0080
#define DRIVE_NOT_REMOVABLE	0x0040  /* bit obsoleted in ATA 6 */
#define INCOMPLETE		0x0004
#define CFA_SUPPORT_VAL		0x848a	/* 848a=CFA feature set support */
#define DRQ_RESPONSE_TIME	0x0060
#define DRQ_3MS_VAL		0x0000
#define DRQ_INTR_VAL		0x0020
#define DRQ_50US_VAL		0x0040
#define PKT_SIZE_SUPPORTED	0x0003
#define PKT_SIZE_12_VAL		0x0000
#define PKT_SIZE_16_VAL		0x0001
#define EQPT_TYPE		0x1f00
#define SHIFT_EQPT		8

#define CDROM 0x0005

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static const char * const pkt_str[] = {
	"Direct-access device",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 00 */
	"Sequential-access device",		/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 01 */
	"Printer",				/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 02 */
	"Processor",				/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 03 */
	"Write-once device",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 04 */
	"CD-ROM",				/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 05 */
	"Scanner",				/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 06 */
	"Optical memory",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 07 */
	"Medium changer",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 08 */
	"Communications device",		/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 09 */
	"ACS-IT8 device",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 0a */
	"ACS-IT8 device",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 0b */
	"Array controller",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 0c */
	"Enclosure services",			/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 0d */
	"Reduced block command device",		/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 0e */
	"Optical card reader/writer",		/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 0f */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 10 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 11 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 12 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 13 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 14 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 15 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 16 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 17 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 18 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 19 */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 1a */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 1b */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 1c */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 1d */
	"",					/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 1e */
	"Unknown",				/* word 0, bits 12-8 = 1f */
};

static const char * const ata1_cfg_str[] = {			/* word 0 in ATA-1 mode */
	"reserved",				/* bit 0 */
	"hard sectored",			/* bit 1 */
	"soft sectored",			/* bit 2 */
	"not MFM encoded ",			/* bit 3 */
	"head switch time > 15us",		/* bit 4 */
	"spindle motor control option",		/* bit 5 */
	"fixed drive",				/* bit 6 */
	"removable drive",			/* bit 7 */
	"disk xfer rate <= 5Mbs",		/* bit 8 */
	"disk xfer rate > 5Mbs, <= 10Mbs",	/* bit 9 */
	"disk xfer rate > 5Mbs",		/* bit 10 */
	"rotational speed tol.",		/* bit 11 */
	"data strobe offset option",		/* bit 12 */
	"track offset option",			/* bit 13 */
	"format speed tolerance gap reqd",	/* bit 14 */
	"ATAPI"					/* bit 14 */
};
#endif

/* word 1: number of logical cylinders */
#define LCYLS_MAX		0x3fff /* maximum allowable value */

/* word 2: specific configuration
 * (a) require SET FEATURES to spin-up
 * (b) require spin-up to fully reply to IDENTIFY DEVICE
 */
#define STBY_NID_VAL		0x37c8  /*     (a) and     (b) */
#define STBY_ID_VAL		0x738c	/*     (a) and not (b) */
#define PWRD_NID_VAL		0x8c73	/* not (a) and     (b) */
#define PWRD_ID_VAL		0xc837	/* not (a) and not (b) */

/* words 47 & 59: sector_xfer_max & sector_xfer_cur */
#define SECTOR_XFER		0x00ff  /* sectors xfered on r/w multiple cmds*/
#define MULTIPLE_SETTING_VALID  0x0100  /* 1=multiple sector setting is valid */

/* word 49: capabilities 0 */
#define STD_STBY		0x2000  /* 1=standard values supported (ATA);
					   0=vendor specific values */
#define IORDY_SUP		0x0800  /* 1=support; 0=may be supported */
#define IORDY_OFF		0x0400  /* 1=may be disabled */
#define LBA_SUP			0x0200  /* 1=Logical Block Address support */
#define DMA_SUP			0x0100  /* 1=Direct Memory Access support */
#define DMA_IL_SUP		0x8000  /* 1=interleaved DMA support (ATAPI) */
#define CMD_Q_SUP		0x4000  /* 1=command queuing support (ATAPI) */
#define OVLP_SUP		0x2000  /* 1=overlap operation support (ATAPI) */
#define SWRST_REQ		0x1000  /* 1=ATA SW reset required (ATAPI, obsolete */

/* word 50: capabilities 1 */
#define MIN_STANDBY_TIMER	0x0001  /* 1=device specific standby timer value minimum */

/* words 51 & 52: PIO & DMA cycle times */
#define MODE			0xff00  /* the mode is in the MSBs */

/* word 53: whats_valid */
#define OK_W88			0x0004	/* the ultra_dma info is valid */
#define OK_W64_70		0x0002  /* see above for word descriptions */
#define OK_W54_58		0x0001  /* current cyl, head, sector, cap. info valid */

/*word 63,88: dma_mode, ultra_dma_mode*/
#define MODE_MAX		7	/* bit definitions force udma <=7 (when
					 * udma >=8 comes out it'll have to be
					 * defined in a new dma_mode word!) */

/* word 64: PIO transfer modes */
#define PIO_SUP			0x00ff  /* only bits 0 & 1 are used so far,  */
#define PIO_MODE_MAX		8       /* but all 8 bits are defined        */

/* word 75: queue_depth */
#define DEPTH_BITS		0x001f  /* bits used for queue depth */

/* words 80-81: version numbers */
/* NOVAL_0 or  NOVAL_1 means device does not report version */

/* word 81: minor version number */
#define MINOR_MAX		0x1C
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static const char * const minor_str[] = {				/* word 81 value: */
	"device does not report version",		/* 0x0000	*/
	"ATA-1 X3T9.2 781D prior to revision 4",	/* 0x0001	*/
	"ATA-1 published, ANSI X3.221-1994",		/* 0x0002	*/
	"ATA-1 X3T9.2 781D revision 4",			/* 0x0003	*/
	"ATA-2 published, ANSI X3.279-1996",		/* 0x0004	*/
	"ATA-2 X3T10 948D prior to revision 2k",	/* 0x0005	*/
	"ATA-3 X3T10 2008D revision 1",			/* 0x0006	*/
	"ATA-2 X3T10 948D revision 2k",			/* 0x0007	*/
	"ATA-3 X3T10 2008D revision 0",			/* 0x0008	*/
	"ATA-2 X3T10 948D revision 3",			/* 0x0009	*/
	"ATA-3 published, ANSI X3.298-199x",		/* 0x000a	*/
	"ATA-3 X3T10 2008D revision 6",			/* 0x000b	*/
	"ATA-3 X3T13 2008D revision 7 and 7a",		/* 0x000c	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 X3T13 1153D revision 6",		/* 0x000d	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 T13 1153D revision 13",		/* 0x000e	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 X3T13 1153D revision 7",		/* 0x000f	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 T13 1153D revision 18",		/* 0x0010	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 T13 1153D revision 15",		/* 0x0011	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 published, ANSI NCITS 317-1998",	/* 0x0012	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-5 T13 1321D revision 3",
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 T13 1153D revision 14",		/* 0x0014	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-5 T13 1321D revision 1",		/* 0x0015	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-5 published, ANSI NCITS 340-2000",	/* 0x0016	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-4 T13 1153D revision 17",		/* 0x0017	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 0",		/* 0x0018	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 3a",		/* 0x0019	*/
	"Reserved",					/* 0x001a	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 2",		/* 0x001b	*/
	"ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 1",		/* 0x001c	*/
	"reserved"					/* 0x001d	*/
	"reserved"					/* 0x001e	*/
	"reserved"					/* 0x001f-0xfffe*/
};
#endif
static const char actual_ver[] = {
			/* word 81 value: */
	0,		/* 0x0000	WARNING:	*/
	1,		/* 0x0001	WARNING:	*/
	1,		/* 0x0002	WARNING:	*/
	1,		/* 0x0003	WARNING:	*/
	2,		/* 0x0004	WARNING:   This array		*/
	2,		/* 0x0005	WARNING:   corresponds		*/
	3,		/* 0x0006	WARNING:   *exactly*		*/
	2,		/* 0x0007	WARNING:   to the ATA/		*/
	3,		/* 0x0008	WARNING:   ATAPI version	*/
	2,		/* 0x0009	WARNING:   listed in		*/
	3,		/* 0x000a	WARNING:   the			*/
	3,		/* 0x000b	WARNING:   minor_str		*/
	3,		/* 0x000c	WARNING:   array		*/
	4,		/* 0x000d	WARNING:   above.		*/
	4,		/* 0x000e	WARNING:			*/
	4,		/* 0x000f	WARNING:   if you change	*/
	4,		/* 0x0010	WARNING:   that one,		*/
	4,		/* 0x0011	WARNING:   change this one	*/
	4,		/* 0x0012	WARNING:   too!!!		*/
	5,		/* 0x0013	WARNING:	*/
	4,		/* 0x0014	WARNING:	*/
	5,		/* 0x0015	WARNING:	*/
	5,		/* 0x0016	WARNING:	*/
	4,		/* 0x0017	WARNING:	*/
	6,		/* 0x0018	WARNING:	*/
	6,		/* 0x0019	WARNING:	*/
	0,		/* 0x001a	WARNING:	*/
	6,		/* 0x001b	WARNING:	*/
	6,		/* 0x001c	WARNING:	*/
	0		/* 0x001d-0xfffe		*/
};

/* words 82-84: cmds/feats supported */
#define CMDS_W82		0x77ff  /* word 82: defined command locations*/
#define CMDS_W83		0x3fff  /* word 83: defined command locations*/
#define CMDS_W84		0x002f  /* word 83: defined command locations*/
#define SUPPORT_48_BIT		0x0400
#define NUM_CMD_FEAT_STR	48

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static const char * const cmd_feat_str[] = {
	"",					/* word 82 bit 15: obsolete  */
	"NOP cmd",				/* word 82 bit 14 */
	"READ BUFFER cmd",			/* word 82 bit 13 */
	"WRITE BUFFER cmd",			/* word 82 bit 12 */
	"",					/* word 82 bit 11: obsolete  */
	"Host Protected Area feature set",	/* word 82 bit 10 */
	"DEVICE RESET cmd",			/* word 82 bit  9 */
	"SERVICE interrupt",			/* word 82 bit  8 */
	"Release interrupt",			/* word 82 bit  7 */
	"Look-ahead",				/* word 82 bit  6 */
	"Write cache",				/* word 82 bit  5 */
	"PACKET command feature set",		/* word 82 bit  4 */
	"Power Management feature set",		/* word 82 bit  3 */
	"Removable Media feature set",		/* word 82 bit  2 */
	"Security Mode feature set",		/* word 82 bit  1 */
	"SMART feature set",			/* word 82 bit  0 */
						/* --------------*/
	"",					/* word 83 bit 15: !valid bit */
	"",					/* word 83 bit 14:  valid bit */
	"FLUSH CACHE EXT command",		/* word 83 bit 13 */
	"Mandatory FLUSH CACHE command ",	/* word 83 bit 12 */
	"Device Configuration Overlay feature set ",
	"48-bit Address feature set ",		/* word 83 bit 10 */
	"",
	"SET MAX security extension",		/* word 83 bit  8 */
	"Address Offset Reserved Area Boot",	/* word 83 bit  7 */
	"SET FEATURES subcommand required to spinup after power up",
	"Power-Up In Standby feature set",	/* word 83 bit  5 */
	"Removable Media Status Notification feature set",
	"Adv. Power Management feature set",/* word 83 bit  3 */
	"CFA feature set",			/* word 83 bit  2 */
	"READ/WRITE DMA QUEUED",		/* word 83 bit  1 */
	"DOWNLOAD MICROCODE cmd",		/* word 83 bit  0 */
						/* --------------*/
	"",					/* word 84 bit 15: !valid bit */
	"",					/* word 84 bit 14:  valid bit */
	"",					/* word 84 bit 13:  reserved */
	"",					/* word 84 bit 12:  reserved */
	"",					/* word 84 bit 11:  reserved */
	"",					/* word 84 bit 10:  reserved */
	"",					/* word 84 bit  9:  reserved */
	"",					/* word 84 bit  8:  reserved */
	"",					/* word 84 bit  7:  reserved */
	"",					/* word 84 bit  6:  reserved */
	"General Purpose Logging feature set",	/* word 84 bit  5 */
	"",					/* word 84 bit  4:  reserved */
	"Media Card Pass Through Command feature set ",
	"Media serial number ",			/* word 84 bit  2 */
	"SMART self-test ",			/* word 84 bit  1 */
	"SMART error logging "			/* word 84 bit  0 */
};
#endif


/* words 85-87: cmds/feats enabled */
/* use cmd_feat_str[] to display what commands and features have
 * been enabled with words 85-87
 */

/* words 89, 90, SECU ERASE TIME */
#define ERASE_BITS		0x00ff

/* word 92: master password revision */
/* NOVAL_0 or  NOVAL_1 means no support for master password revision */

/* word 93: hw reset result */
#define CBLID			0x2000  /* CBLID status */
#define RST0			0x0001  /* 1=reset to device #0 */
#define DEV_DET			0x0006  /* how device num determined */
#define JUMPER_VAL		0x0002  /* device num determined by jumper */
#define CSEL_VAL		0x0004  /* device num determined by CSEL_VAL */

/* word 127: removable media status notification feature set support */
#define RM_STAT_BITS		0x0003
#define RM_STAT_SUP		0x0001

/* word 128: security */
#define SECU_ENABLED	0x0002
#define SECU_LEVEL		0x0010
#define NUM_SECU_STR	6
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static const char * const secu_str[] = {
	"supported",			/* word 128, bit 0 */
	"enabled",			/* word 128, bit 1 */
	"locked",			/* word 128, bit 2 */
	"frozen",			/* word 128, bit 3 */
	"expired: security count",	/* word 128, bit 4 */
	"supported: enhanced erase"	/* word 128, bit 5 */
};
#endif

/* word 160: CFA power mode */
#define VALID_W160		0x8000  /* 1=word valid */
#define PWR_MODE_REQ		0x2000  /* 1=CFA power mode req'd by some cmds*/
#define PWR_MODE_OFF		0x1000  /* 1=CFA power moded disabled */
#define MAX_AMPS		0x0fff  /* value = max current in ma */

/* word 255: integrity */
#define SIG			0x00ff  /* signature location */
#define SIG_VAL			0x00A5  /* signature value */

#define VERSION "v5.4"

#define TIMING_MB		64
#define TIMING_BUF_MB		1
#define TIMING_BUF_BYTES	(TIMING_BUF_MB * 1024 * 1024)
#define TIMING_BUF_COUNT	(timing_MB / TIMING_BUF_MB)
#define BUFCACHE_FACTOR		2

#undef DO_FLUSHCACHE		/* under construction: force cache flush on -W0 */

/* Busybox messages and functions */

static const char bb_msg_shared_mem[] = "could not %s sharedmem buf";
static const char bb_msg_op_not_supp[] = " operation not supported on %s disks";

static void bb_ioctl(int fd, int request, void *argp, const char *string)
{
	if (ioctl (fd, request, argp) != 0)
		bb_perror_msg(" %s", string);
}

static void if_printf(unsigned long i, char *fmt, ... )
{
		va_list ap;
		va_start(ap, fmt);
		if (i)
			vprintf(fmt, ap);
		va_end(ap);
}

static void on_off (unsigned int value);

static void if_printf_on_off(unsigned long get_arg,const char *fmt, unsigned long arg)
{
	if (get_arg)
	{
		printf(fmt, arg);
		on_off(arg);
	}
}

static void bb_ioctl_on_off(int fd, int request, void *argp, const char *string,
							 const char * fmt)
{
	if (ioctl (fd, request, &argp) != 0)
		bb_perror_msg(" %s", string);
	else
	{
		printf(fmt, (unsigned long) argp);
		on_off((unsigned long) argp);
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static void if_else_printf(unsigned long i, char *fmt1, char *fmt2, ... )
{
		va_list ap;
		va_start(ap, fmt2);
		if (i)
			vprintf(fmt1, ap);
		else
			vprintf(fmt2, ap);
		va_end(ap);
}

static void print_ascii(uint16_t *p, uint8_t length);

static void xprint_ascii(uint16_t *val ,int i, char * string, int n)
{
	if(val[i])
	{
		printf("\t%-20s",string);
		print_ascii(&val[i], n);
	}
}

static void if_strcat(unsigned long test, char *modes, char *string)
{
	if (test)
		strcat(modes,string);
}
#endif

static void sync_and_sleep(int i)
{
	sync();
	sleep(i);
}

static uint16_t check_if_min_and_set_val(uint16_t a, uint16_t b)
{
	if( a < b)
		a = b;
	return a;
}

static uint16_t check_if_maj_and_set_val(uint16_t a, uint16_t b)
{
	if( a > b)
		a = b;
	return a;
}

static unsigned long int set_flag(char *p, char max)
{
	if (*p >= '0' && *p <=  max )
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

/* end of  busybox specific stuff */

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static uint8_t mode_loop(uint16_t mode_sup, uint16_t mode_sel, int cc, uint8_t *have_mode)
{
	uint16_t ii;
	uint8_t err_dma = 0;

	for(ii = 0; ii <= MODE_MAX; ii++)
	{
		if(mode_sel & 0x0001)
		{
			printf("*%cdma%u ",cc,ii);
			if(*have_mode)
				err_dma = 1;
			*have_mode = 1;
		}
		else if(mode_sup & 0x0001)
			printf("%cdma%u ",cc,ii);

		mode_sup >>=1;
		mode_sel >>=1;
	}
	return err_dma;
}

static void print_ascii(uint16_t *p, uint8_t length) {
	uint8_t ii;
	char cl;

	/* find first non-space & print it */
	for(ii = 0; ii< length; ii++)
	{
		if(((char) 0x00ff&((*p)>>8)) != ' ')
			break;
		if((cl = (char) 0x00ff&(*p)) != ' ')
		{
			if_printf((cl != '\0'),"%c",cl);
			p++;
			ii++;
			break;
		}
		p++;
	}
	/* print the rest */
	for(; ii< length; ii++)
	{
		if(!(*p))
			break; /* some older devices have NULLs */
		printf("%c%c",(char)0x00ff&((*p)>>8),(char)(*p)&0x00ff);
		p++;
	}
	printf("\n");
}

/* identify() is the only extern function used across two source files.  The
   others, though, were declared in hdparm.c with global scope; since other
   functions in that file have static (file) scope, I assume the difference is
   intentional. */
static void identify (uint16_t *id_supplied, const char *devname)
{

	char *id_file = NULL;
	FILE *fl;
	uint16_t val[256], ii, jj, kk;
	uint16_t like_std = 1, std = 0, min_std = 0xffff;
	uint16_t dev = NO_DEV, eqpt = NO_DEV;
	uint8_t  have_mode = 0, err_dma = 0;
	uint8_t  chksum = 0;
	uint32_t ll, mm, nn, oo;
	__u64 bbbig; /* (:) */

	if (id_supplied)
	{
#if __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN
		swab(id_supplied, val, sizeof(val));
#else
		memcpy(val, id_supplied, sizeof(val));
#endif
	}
	else
	{
		id_file = xcalloc(1, strlen(devname)+22);
		sprintf(id_file, "/proc/ide/%s/identify", devname);
		/* open the file, read in all the info and close it */
		if (id_file == NULL)
			fl = stdin;
		else
			fl = bb_xfopen(id_file, "r");

		/* calculate checksum over all bytes */
		for(ii = GEN_CONFIG; ii<=INTEGRITY; ii++)
		{
			unsigned int scratch;
			if(1 != fscanf(fl,"%04x",&scratch))
				break;
			val[ii] = (uint16_t)scratch;
			chksum += val[ii] + (val[ii] >> 8);
		}
		fclose(fl);
		/*bb_fclose_nonstdin(fl);*/
		if(ii < (INTEGRITY+1))
			bb_error_msg_and_die("Input file wrong format or length");
	}
	chksum &= 0xff;

	/* check if we recognise the device type */
	printf("\n");
	if(!(val[GEN_CONFIG] & NOT_ATA))
	{
		dev = ATA_DEV;
		printf("ATA device, with ");
	}
	else if(val[GEN_CONFIG]==CFA_SUPPORT_VAL)
	{
		dev = ATA_DEV;
		like_std = 4;
		printf("CompactFlash ATA device, with ");
	}
	else if(!(val[GEN_CONFIG] & NOT_ATAPI))
	{
		dev = ATAPI_DEV;
		eqpt = (val[GEN_CONFIG] & EQPT_TYPE) >> SHIFT_EQPT;
		printf("ATAPI %s, with ", pkt_str[eqpt]);
		like_std = 3;
	}
	else
		/*"Unknown device type:\n\tbits 15&14 of general configuration word 0 both set to 1.\n"*/
		bb_error_msg_and_die("Unknown device type");

	if_printf(!(val[GEN_CONFIG] & MEDIA_REMOVABLE),"non-");
	printf("removable media\n");

	/* Info from the specific configuration word says whether or not the
	 * ID command completed correctly.  It is only defined, however in
	 * ATA/ATAPI-5 & 6; it is reserved (value theoretically 0) in prior
	 * standards.  Since the values allowed for this word are extremely
	 * specific, it should be safe to check it now, even though we don't
	 * know yet what standard this device is using.
	 */
	if((val[CONFIG]==STBY_NID_VAL) || (val[CONFIG]==STBY_ID_VAL) ||
	   (val[CONFIG]==PWRD_NID_VAL) || (val[CONFIG]==PWRD_ID_VAL) )
	{
		like_std = 5;
		if_printf(((val[CONFIG]==STBY_NID_VAL) || (val[CONFIG]==STBY_ID_VAL)),
					"powers-up in standby; SET FEATURES subcmd spins-up.\n");
		if_printf((((val[CONFIG]==STBY_NID_VAL) || (val[CONFIG]==PWRD_NID_VAL)) && (val[GEN_CONFIG] & INCOMPLETE)),
					"\n\tWARNING: ID response incomplete.\n\tFollowing data may be incorrect.\n\n");
	}

	/* output the model and serial numbers and the fw revision */
	xprint_ascii(val, START_MODEL,  "Model Number:",        LENGTH_MODEL);
	xprint_ascii(val, START_SERIAL, "Serial Number:",       LENGTH_SERIAL);
	xprint_ascii(val, START_FW_REV, "Firmware Revision:",   LENGTH_FW_REV);
	xprint_ascii(val, START_MEDIA,  "Media Serial Num:",    LENGTH_MEDIA);
	xprint_ascii(val, START_MANUF,  "Media Manufacturer:",  LENGTH_MANUF);

	/* major & minor standards version number (Note: these words were not
	 * defined until ATA-3 & the CDROM std uses different words.) */
	printf("Standards:");
	if(eqpt != CDROM)
	{
		if(val[MINOR] && (val[MINOR] <= MINOR_MAX))
		{
			like_std=check_if_min_and_set_val(like_std, 3);
			std = actual_ver[val[MINOR]];
			if_printf(std,"\n\tUsed: %s ",minor_str[val[MINOR]]);

		}
		/* looks like when they up-issue the std, they obsolete one;
		 * thus, only the newest 4 issues need be supported. (That's
		 * what "kk" and "min_std" are all about.) */
		if(val[MAJOR] && (val[MAJOR] !=NOVAL_1))
		{
			printf("\n\tSupported: ");
			jj = val[MAJOR] << 1;
			kk = like_std >4 ? like_std-4: 0;
			for(ii = 14; (ii >0)&&(ii>kk); ii--)
			{
				if(jj & 0x8000)
				{
					printf("%u ", ii);
					if(like_std < ii)
					{
						like_std = ii;
						kk = like_std >4 ? like_std-4: 0;
					}
					min_std=check_if_maj_and_set_val(min_std, ii);
				}
				jj <<= 1;
			}
			like_std=check_if_min_and_set_val(like_std, 3);
		}
		/* Figure out what standard the device is using if it hasn't told
		 * us.  If we know the std, check if the device is using any of
		 * the words from the next level up.  It happens.
		 */
		like_std=check_if_min_and_set_val(like_std, std);

		if(((std == 5) || (!std && (like_std < 6))) &&
			((((val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) &&
			((	val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & CMDS_W83) > 0x00ff)) ||
			(((	val[CMDS_SUPP_2] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) &&
			(	val[CMDS_SUPP_2] & CMDS_W84) ) ) )
		{
			like_std = 6;
		}
		else if(((std == 4) || (!std && (like_std < 5))) &&
			((((val[INTEGRITY]	& SIG) == SIG_VAL) && !chksum) ||
			((	val[HWRST_RSLT] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) ||
			(((	val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) &&
			((	val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & CMDS_W83) > 0x001f)) ) )
		{
			like_std = 5;
		}
		else if(((std == 3) || (!std && (like_std < 4))) &&
				((((val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) &&
				(((	val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & CMDS_W83) > 0x0000) ||
				((	val[CMDS_SUPP_0] & CMDS_W82) > 0x000f))) ||
				((	val[CAPAB_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) ||
				((	val[WHATS_VALID] & OK_W88) && val[ULTRA_DMA]) ||
				((	val[RM_STAT] & RM_STAT_BITS) == RM_STAT_SUP) ) )
		{
			like_std = 4;
		}
		else if(((std == 2) || (!std && (like_std < 3))) &&
			   ((val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) )
		{
			like_std = 3;
		}
		else if(((std == 1) || (!std && (like_std < 2))) &&
				((val[CAPAB_0] & (IORDY_SUP | IORDY_OFF)) ||
				(val[WHATS_VALID] & OK_W64_70)) )
		{
			like_std = 2;
		}
		if(!std)
			printf("\n\tLikely used: %u\n",like_std);
		else if(like_std > std)
			printf("& some of %u\n",like_std);
		else
			printf("\n");
	}
	else
	{
		/* TBD: do CDROM stuff more thoroughly.  For now... */
		kk = 0;
		if(val[CDR_MINOR] == 9)
		{
			kk = 1;
			printf("\n\tUsed: ATAPI for CD-ROMs, SFF-8020i, r2.5");
		}
		if(val[CDR_MAJOR] && (val[CDR_MAJOR] !=NOVAL_1))
		{
			kk = 1;
			printf("\n\tSupported: CD-ROM ATAPI");
			jj = val[CDR_MAJOR] >> 1;
			for(ii = 1; ii <15; ii++)
			{
				if_printf((jj & 0x0001),"-%u ", ii);
				jj >>= 1;
			}
		}
		if_else_printf((!kk),"\n\tLikely used CD-ROM ATAPI-1\n","\n");
		/* the cdrom stuff is more like ATA-2 than anything else, so: */
		like_std = 2;
	}

	if(min_std == 0xffff)
		min_std = like_std > 4 ? like_std - 3 : 1;

	printf("Configuration:\n");
	/* more info from the general configuration word */
	if((eqpt != CDROM) && (like_std == 1))
	{
		jj = val[GEN_CONFIG] >> 1;
		for(ii = 1; ii < 15; ii++)
		{
			if_printf((jj & 0x0001),"\t%s\n",ata1_cfg_str[ii]);
			jj >>=1;
		}
	}
	if(dev == ATAPI_DEV)
	{
		printf("\tDRQ response: "); /* Data Request (DRQ) */
		switch(val[GEN_CONFIG] & DRQ_RESPONSE_TIME)
		{
			case DRQ_3MS_VAL :
				printf("3ms.\n");
				break;
			case DRQ_INTR_VAL :
				printf("<=10ms with INTRQ\n");
				break;
			case DRQ_50US_VAL :
				printf("50us.\n");
				break;
			default :
				printf("unknown.\n");
				break;
		}
		printf("\tPacket size: ");
		switch(val[GEN_CONFIG] & PKT_SIZE_SUPPORTED)
		{
			case PKT_SIZE_12_VAL :
				printf("12 bytes\n");
				break;
			case PKT_SIZE_16_VAL :
				printf("16 bytes\n");
				break;
			default :
				printf("Unknown\n");
				break;
		}
	}
	else
	{
		/* addressing...CHS? See section 6.2 of ATA specs 4 or 5 */
		ll = (uint32_t)val[LBA_SECTS_MSB] << 16 | val[LBA_SECTS_LSB];
		mm = 0; bbbig = 0;
		if ( (ll > 0x00FBFC10) && (!val[LCYLS]))
			printf("\tCHS addressing not supported\n");
		else
		{
			jj = val[WHATS_VALID] & OK_W54_58;
			printf("\tLogical\t\tmax\tcurrent\n\tcylinders\t%u\t%u\n\theads\t\t%u\t%u\n\tsectors/track\t%u\t%u\n\t--\n",
					val[LCYLS],jj?val[LCYLS_CUR]:0, val[LHEADS],jj?val[LHEADS_CUR]:0, val[LSECTS],jj?val[LSECTS_CUR]:0);

			if_printf(((min_std == 1) && (val[TRACK_BYTES] || val[SECT_BYTES])),
						"\tbytes/track: %u\tbytes/sector: %u\n",val[TRACK_BYTES], val[SECT_BYTES]);

			if(jj)
			{
				mm = (uint32_t)val[CAPACITY_MSB] << 16 | val[CAPACITY_LSB];
				if(like_std < 3)
				{
					 /* check Endian of capacity bytes */
					nn = val[LCYLS_CUR] * val[LHEADS_CUR] * val[LSECTS_CUR];
					oo = (uint32_t)val[CAPACITY_LSB] << 16 | val[CAPACITY_MSB];
					if(abs(mm - nn) > abs(oo - nn))
						mm = oo;
				}
				printf("\tCHS current addressable sectors:%11u\n",mm);
			}
		}
		/* LBA addressing */
		printf("\tLBA    user addressable sectors:%11u\n",ll);
		if( ((val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL) &&
		     (val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & SUPPORT_48_BIT) )
		{
			bbbig = (__u64)val[LBA_64_MSB]	<< 48 |
			        (__u64)val[LBA_48_MSB]	<< 32 |
			        (__u64)val[LBA_MID]	<< 16 |
					val[LBA_LSB] ;
			printf("\tLBA48  user addressable sectors:%11llu\n",bbbig);
		}

		if (!bbbig)
			bbbig = (__u64)(ll>mm ? ll : mm); /* # 512 byte blocks */
		printf("\tdevice size with M = 1024*1024: %11llu MBytes\n",bbbig>>11);
		bbbig = (bbbig<<9)/1000000;
		printf("\tdevice size with M = 1000*1000: %11llu MBytes ",bbbig);

		if_else_printf((bbbig > 1000),"(%llu GB)\n","\n",bbbig/1000);

	}

	/* hw support of commands (capabilities) */
	printf("Capabilities:\n\t");

	if(dev == ATAPI_DEV)
	{
		if(eqpt != CDROM)
			if_printf((val[CAPAB_0] & CMD_Q_SUP),"Cmd queuing, ");

		if_printf((val[CAPAB_0] & OVLP_SUP),"Cmd overlap, ");
	}
	if_printf((val[CAPAB_0] & LBA_SUP),"LBA, ");

	if(like_std != 1)
	{
		printf("IORDY");
		if_printf((!(val[CAPAB_0] & IORDY_SUP)),"(may be)");
		if_else_printf((val[CAPAB_0] & IORDY_OFF),"(can","(cannot");
		printf(" be disabled)\n");
	}
	else
		printf("no IORDY\n");

	if((like_std == 1) && val[BUF_TYPE])
	{
		kk = val[BUF_TYPE];
		printf("\tBuffer type: %04x: ",kk);
		if_else_printf((kk < 2),"single port, single-sector","dual port, multi-sector");
		if_printf((kk > 2)," with read caching ability");
		printf("\n");
	}
	jj = 0;
	if((min_std == 1) && (val[BUFFER__SIZE] && (val[BUFFER__SIZE] != NOVAL_1)))
	{
		printf("\tBuffer size: %.1fkB",(float)val[BUFFER__SIZE]/2);
		jj = 1;
	}
	if((min_std < 4) && (val[RW_LONG]))
	{
		printf("\tbytes avail on r/w long: %u",val[RW_LONG]);
		jj = 1;
	}
	if((eqpt != CDROM) && (like_std > 3))
	{
		printf("\tQueue depth: %u",(val[QUEUE_DEPTH] & DEPTH_BITS)+1);
		jj = 1;
	}
	if_printf(jj,"\n");

	if(dev == ATA_DEV)
	{
		if(like_std == 1)
			printf("\tCan%s perform double-word IO\n",(!val[DWORD_IO]) ?"not":"");
		else
		{
			printf("\tStandby timer values: spec'd by ");
			if_else_printf((val[CAPAB_0] & STD_STBY),"Standard","Vendor");
			if((like_std > 3) && ((val[CAPAB_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL))
				printf(", %s device specific minimum\n",(val[CAPAB_1] & MIN_STANDBY_TIMER)?"with":"no");
			else
			  printf("\n");
		}
		printf("\tR/W multiple sector transfer: ");
		if((like_std < 3) && !(val[SECTOR_XFER_MAX] & SECTOR_XFER))
			printf("not supported\n");
		else
		{
			printf("Max = %u\tCurrent = ",val[SECTOR_XFER_MAX] & SECTOR_XFER);
			if_else_printf((val[SECTOR_XFER_CUR] & MULTIPLE_SETTING_VALID),
							"%u\n","?\n",val[SECTOR_XFER_CUR] & SECTOR_XFER);
		}
		if((like_std > 3) && (val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & 0x0008))
		{
			/* We print out elsewhere whether the APM feature is enabled or
			   not.  If it's not enabled, let's not repeat the info; just print
			   nothing here. */
			printf("\tAdvancedPM level: ");
			if ( (val[ADV_PWR] & 0xFF00) == 0x4000 )
			{
				uint8_t apm_level = val[ADV_PWR] & 0x00FF;
				printf("%u (0x%x)\n", apm_level, apm_level);
			}
			else
				printf("unknown setting (0x%04x)\n", val[ADV_PWR]);
		}
		if(like_std > 5)
		{
			if_printf(val[ACOUSTIC],"\tRecommended acoustic management value: %u, current value: %u\n",
									(val[ACOUSTIC] >> 8) & 0x00ff, val[ACOUSTIC] & 0x00ff);
		}
	}
	else
	{
		 /* ATAPI */
		if(eqpt != CDROM)
			if_printf((val[CAPAB_0] & SWRST_REQ),"\tATA sw reset required\n");

		if(val[PKT_REL] || val[SVC_NBSY])
		{
			printf("\tOverlap support:");
			if_printf(val[PKT_REL]," %uus to release bus.",val[PKT_REL]);
			if_printf(val[SVC_NBSY]," %uus to clear BSY after SERVICE cmd.",val[SVC_NBSY]);
			printf("\n");
		}
	}

	/* DMA stuff. Check that only one DMA mode is selected. */
	printf("\tDMA: ");
	if(!(val[CAPAB_0] & DMA_SUP))
		printf("not supported\n");
	else
	{
		if_printf((val[DMA_MODE] && !val[SINGLE_DMA] && !val[MULTI_DMA]),
					" sdma%u\n",(val[DMA_MODE] & MODE) >> 8);
		if(val[SINGLE_DMA])
		{
			jj = val[SINGLE_DMA];
			kk = val[SINGLE_DMA] >> 8;
			err_dma += mode_loop(jj,kk,'s',&have_mode);
		}
		if(val[MULTI_DMA])
		{
			jj = val[MULTI_DMA];
			kk = val[MULTI_DMA] >> 8;
			err_dma += mode_loop(jj,kk,'m',&have_mode);
		}
		if((val[WHATS_VALID] & OK_W88) && val[ULTRA_DMA])
		{
			jj = val[ULTRA_DMA];
			kk = val[ULTRA_DMA] >> 8;
			err_dma += mode_loop(jj,kk,'u',&have_mode);
		}
		if_printf((err_dma || !have_mode),"(?)");
		printf("\n");

		if_printf(((dev == ATAPI_DEV) && (eqpt != CDROM) && (val[CAPAB_0] & DMA_IL_SUP)),
					"\t     Interleaved DMA support\n");

		if((val[WHATS_VALID] & OK_W64_70) &&
		   (val[DMA_TIME_MIN] || val[DMA_TIME_NORM]))
		{
			printf("\t     Cycle time:");
			if_printf(val[DMA_TIME_MIN]," min=%uns",val[DMA_TIME_MIN]);
			if_printf(val[DMA_TIME_NORM]," recommended=%uns",val[DMA_TIME_NORM]);
			printf("\n");
		}
	}

	/* Programmed IO stuff */
	printf("\tPIO: ");
	/* If a drive supports mode n (e.g. 3), it also supports all modes less
	 * than n (e.g. 3, 2, 1 and 0).  Print all the modes. */
	if((val[WHATS_VALID] & OK_W64_70) && (val[ADV_PIO_MODES] & PIO_SUP))
	{
		jj = ((val[ADV_PIO_MODES] & PIO_SUP) << 3) | 0x0007;
		for(ii = 0; ii <= PIO_MODE_MAX ; ii++)
		{
			if_printf((jj & 0x0001),"pio%d ",ii);
			jj >>=1;
		}
		printf("\n");
	}
	else if(((min_std < 5) || (eqpt == CDROM)) && (val[PIO_MODE] & MODE) )
	{
		for(ii = 0; ii <= val[PIO_MODE]>>8; ii++)
			printf("pio%d ",ii);
		printf("\n");
	}
	else
		printf("unknown\n");

	if(val[WHATS_VALID] & OK_W64_70)
	{
		if(val[PIO_NO_FLOW] || val[PIO_FLOW])
		{
			printf("\t     Cycle time:");
			if_printf(val[PIO_NO_FLOW]," no flow control=%uns", val[PIO_NO_FLOW]);
			if_printf(val[PIO_FLOW],"  IORDY flow control=%uns", val[PIO_FLOW]);
			printf("\n");
		}
	}

	if((val[CMDS_SUPP_1] & VALID) == VALID_VAL)
	{
		printf("Commands/features:\n\tEnabled\tSupported:\n");
		jj = val[CMDS_SUPP_0];
		kk = val[CMDS_EN_0];
		for(ii = 0; ii < NUM_CMD_FEAT_STR; ii++)
		{
			if((jj & 0x8000) && (*cmd_feat_str[ii] != '\0'))
			{
				if_else_printf((kk & 0x8000),"\t   *","\t");
				printf("\t%s\n",cmd_feat_str[ii]);
			}
			jj <<=1; kk<<=1;
			if(ii%16 == 15)
			{
				jj = val[CMDS_SUPP_0+1+(ii/16)];
				kk = val[CMDS_EN_0+1+(ii/16)];
			}
			if(ii == 31)
			{
				if((val[CMDS_SUPP_2] & VALID) != VALID_VAL)
					ii +=16;
			}
		}
	}
	if_printf(((val[RM_STAT] & RM_STAT_BITS) == RM_STAT_SUP),
				"\tRemovable Media Status Notification feature set supported\n");


	/* security */
	if((eqpt != CDROM) && (like_std > 3) &&
	   (val[SECU_STATUS] || val[ERASE_TIME] || val[ENH_ERASE_TIME]))
	{
		printf("Security: \n");
		if_printf((val[PSWD_CODE] && (val[PSWD_CODE] != NOVAL_1)),
					"\tMaster password revision code = %u\n",val[PSWD_CODE]);
		jj = val[SECU_STATUS];
		if(jj)
		{
			for(ii = 0; ii < NUM_SECU_STR; ii++)
			{
				if_else_printf((!(jj & 0x0001)),"\tnot\t%s\n", "\t\t%s\n", secu_str[ii]);
				jj >>=1;
			}
			if(val[SECU_STATUS] & SECU_ENABLED)
			{
				printf("\tSecurity level ");
				if_else_printf((val[SECU_STATUS] & SECU_LEVEL),"maximum\n","high\n");
			}
		}
		jj =  val[ERASE_TIME]     & ERASE_BITS;
		kk =  val[ENH_ERASE_TIME] & ERASE_BITS;
		if(jj || kk)
		{
			printf("\t");
			if_printf(jj,"%umin for SECURITY ERASE UNIT. ", jj==ERASE_BITS ? 508 : jj<<1);
			if_printf(kk,"%umin for ENHANCED SECURITY ERASE UNIT.", kk==ERASE_BITS ? 508 : kk<<1);
			printf("\n");
		}
	}

	/* reset result */
	if((val[HWRST_RSLT] & VALID) == VALID_VAL)
	{
		printf("HW reset results:\n");
		if_else_printf((val[HWRST_RSLT] & CBLID),"\tCBLID- above Vih\n","\tCBLID- below Vih\n");

		if(val[HWRST_RSLT] & RST0)
		{
			printf("\tDevice num = 0");
			jj = val[HWRST_RSLT];
		}
		else
		{
			printf("\tDevice num = 1");
			jj = val[HWRST_RSLT] >> 8;
		}

		if((jj & DEV_DET) == JUMPER_VAL)
			printf(" determined by the jumper");
		else if((jj & DEV_DET) == CSEL_VAL)
			printf(" determined by CSEL");
		printf("\n");
	}

	/* more stuff from std 5 */
	if((like_std > 4) && (eqpt != CDROM))
	{
		if(val[CFA_PWR_MODE] & VALID_W160)
		{
			printf("CFA power mode 1:\n\t");
			if_else_printf((val[CFA_PWR_MODE] & PWR_MODE_OFF),"disabled","enabled");

			if_printf((val[CFA_PWR_MODE] & PWR_MODE_REQ)," and required by some commands");
			printf("\n");

			if_printf((val[CFA_PWR_MODE] & MAX_AMPS),"\tMaximum current = %uma\n",val[CFA_PWR_MODE] & MAX_AMPS);
		}
		if((val[INTEGRITY] & SIG) == SIG_VAL)
		{
			printf("Checksum: ");
			if_printf(chksum,"in");
			printf("correct\n");
		}
	}

	exit(0);
}
#endif

static int verbose, get_identity, get_geom, noisy = 1, quiet;
static int flagcount, do_flush, is_scsi_hd, is_xt_hd;
static int do_ctimings, do_timings;

static unsigned long set_readahead, get_readahead, Xreadahead;
static unsigned long set_readonly, get_readonly, readonly;
static unsigned long set_unmask, get_unmask, unmask;
static unsigned long set_mult, get_mult, mult;
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_GETSET_DMA
static unsigned long set_dma, get_dma, dma;
#endif
static unsigned long set_dma_q, get_dma_q, dma_q;
static unsigned long set_nowerr, get_nowerr, nowerr;
static unsigned long set_keep, get_keep, keep;
static unsigned long set_io32bit, get_io32bit, io32bit;
static unsigned long set_piomode, noisy_piomode;
static int piomode;
#ifdef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
static unsigned long set_dkeep, get_dkeep, dkeep;
static unsigned long set_standby, get_standby, standby_requested;
static unsigned long set_xfermode, get_xfermode;
static int xfermode_requested;
static unsigned long set_lookahead, get_lookahead, lookahead;
static unsigned long set_prefetch, get_prefetch, prefetch;
static unsigned long set_defects, get_defects, defects;
static unsigned long set_wcache, get_wcache, wcache;
static unsigned long set_doorlock, get_doorlock, doorlock;
static unsigned long set_seagate, get_seagate;
static unsigned long set_standbynow, get_standbynow;
static unsigned long set_sleepnow, get_sleepnow;
static unsigned long get_powermode;
static unsigned long set_apmmode, get_apmmode, apmmode;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static int get_IDentity;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_UNREGISTER_HWIF
static int	unregister_hwif;
static int	hwif;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_SCAN_HWIF
static int	scan_hwif;
static int	hwif_data;
static int	hwif_ctrl;
static int	hwif_irq;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
static int	set_busstate, get_busstate, busstate;
#endif
static int	reread_partn;

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_DRIVE_RESET
static int	perform_reset;
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_DRIVE_RESET */
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
static int	perform_tristate,	tristate;
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF */

// Historically, if there was no HDIO_OBSOLETE_IDENTITY, then
// then the HDIO_GET_IDENTITY only returned 142 bytes.
// Otherwise, HDIO_OBSOLETE_IDENTITY returns 142 bytes,
// and HDIO_GET_IDENTITY returns 512 bytes.  But the latest
// 2.5.xx kernels no longer define HDIO_OBSOLETE_IDENTITY
// (which they should, but they should just return -EINVAL).
//
// So.. we must now assume that HDIO_GET_IDENTITY returns 512 bytes.
// On a really old system, it will not, and we will be confused.
// Too bad, really.

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static const char * const cfg_str[] =
{	"",	     " HardSect",   " SoftSect",  " NotMFM",
	" HdSw>15uSec", " SpinMotCtl", " Fixed",     " Removeable",
	" DTR<=5Mbs",   " DTR>5Mbs",   " DTR>10Mbs", " RotSpdTol>.5%",
	" dStbOff",     " TrkOff",     " FmtGapReq", " nonMagnetic"
};

static const char * const BuffType[]	= {"unknown", "1Sect", "DualPort", "DualPortCache"};

static void dump_identity (const struct hd_driveid *id)
{
	int i;
	char pmodes[64], dmodes[128], umodes[128];
	const unsigned short int *id_regs= (const void*) id;
	unsigned long capacity;

	pmodes[0] = dmodes[0] = umodes[0] = '\0';

	printf("\n Model=%.40s, FwRev=%.8s, SerialNo=%.20s\n Config={",
				id->model, id->fw_rev, id->serial_no);
	for (i=0; i<=15; i++)
		if_printf((id->config & (1<<i)),"%s", cfg_str[i]);

	printf(" }\n RawCHS=%u/%u/%u, TrkSize=%u, SectSize=%u, ECCbytes=%u\n",
				id->cyls, id->heads, id->sectors, id->track_bytes,
				id->sector_bytes, id->ecc_bytes);

	if (id->buf_type > 3)
		printf("%s%u", " BuffType=", id->buf_type);
	else
		printf("%s%s", " BuffType=", BuffType[id->buf_type]);

	printf(", BuffSize=%ukB, MaxMultSect=%u", id->buf_size/2, id->max_multsect);
	if (id->max_multsect)
	{
		printf(", MultSect=");
		if (!(id->multsect_valid&1))
			printf("?%u?", id->multsect);
		else if (id->multsect)
			printf("%u", id->multsect);
		else
			printf("off");
	}
	printf("\n");
	if (id->tPIO <= 5)
	{
		strcat(pmodes, "pio0 ");
		if_strcat((id->tPIO >= 1), pmodes, "pio1 ");
		if_strcat((id->tPIO >= 2), pmodes, "pio2 ");

	}
	if_printf((!(id->field_valid&1))," (maybe):");
#if __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN
	capacity = (id->cur_capacity0 << 16) | id->cur_capacity1;
#else
	capacity = (id->cur_capacity1 << 16) | id->cur_capacity0;
#endif
	printf(" CurCHS=%u/%u/%u, CurSects=%lu, LBA=%s",id->cur_cyls, id->cur_heads,
													id->cur_sectors, capacity ,
											((id->capability&2)==0)?"no":"yes");

	if_printf((id->capability&2),", LBAsects=%u", id->lba_capacity);

	if (id->capability&1)
	{
		if (id->dma_1word | id->dma_mword)
		{
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 0x100),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 1),		dmodes, "sdma0 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 0x200),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 2),		dmodes, "sdma1 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 0x400),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 4),		dmodes, "sdma2 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 0xf800),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_1word & 0xf8),	dmodes, "sdma? ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 0x100),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 1),		dmodes, "mdma0 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 0x200),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 2),		dmodes, "mdma1 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 0x400),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 4),		dmodes, "mdma2 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 0xf800),	dmodes, "*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_mword & 0xf8),	dmodes, "mdma? ");
		}
	}
	printf("\n IORDY=");
	if (id->capability&8)
		printf((id->capability&4) ? "on/off" : "yes");
	else
		printf("no");

	if ((id->capability&8) || (id->field_valid&2))
	{
		if (id->field_valid&2)
		{
			printf(", tPIO={min:%u,w/IORDY:%u}", id->eide_pio, id->eide_pio_iordy);
			if_strcat((id->eide_pio_modes & 1), pmodes, "pio3 ");
			if_strcat((id->eide_pio_modes & 2), pmodes, "pio4 ");
			if_strcat((id->eide_pio_modes &~3), pmodes, "pio? ");
		}
		if (id->field_valid&4)
		{
			if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x100),umodes,"*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x001),umodes,"udma0 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x200),umodes,"*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x002),umodes,"udma1 ");
			if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x400),umodes,"*");
			if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x004),umodes,"udma2 ");
#ifdef __NEW_HD_DRIVE_ID
			if (id->hw_config & 0x2000)
			{
#else /* !__NEW_HD_DRIVE_ID */
			if (id->word93 & 0x2000)
			{
#endif /* __NEW_HD_DRIVE_ID */
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x0800),umodes,"*");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x0008),umodes,"udma3 ");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x1000),umodes,"*");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x0010),umodes,"udma4 ");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x2000),umodes,"*");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x0020),umodes,"udma5 ");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x4000),umodes,"*");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x0040),umodes,"udma6 ");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x8000),umodes,"*");
				if_strcat((id->dma_ultra & 0x0080),umodes,"udma7 ");
			}
		}
	}
	if_printf(((id->capability&1) && (id->field_valid&2)),
				", tDMA={min:%u,rec:%u}", id->eide_dma_min, id->eide_dma_time);
	printf("\n PIO modes:  %s", pmodes);
	if_printf((*dmodes),"\n DMA modes:  %s", dmodes);
	if_printf((*umodes),"\n UDMA modes: %s", umodes);

	printf("\n AdvancedPM=%s",((id_regs[83]&8)==0)?"no":"yes");
	if (id_regs[83] & 8)
	{
		if (!(id_regs[86]&8))
			printf(": disabled (255)");
		else if ((id_regs[91]&0xFF00)!=0x4000)
			printf(": unknown setting");
		else
			printf(": mode=0x%02X (%u)",id_regs[91]&0xFF,id_regs[91]&0xFF);
	}
	if_printf( (id_regs[82]&0x20)," WriteCache=%s",(id_regs[85]&0x20) ? "enabled" : "disabled");
#ifdef __NEW_HD_DRIVE_ID
	if ((id->minor_rev_num && id->minor_rev_num <= 31) || (id->major_rev_num && id->minor_rev_num <= 31))
	{
		printf("\n Drive conforms to: ");
		if_else_printf((id->minor_rev_num <= 31),"%s: ","unknown: ", minor_str[id->minor_rev_num]);
		if (id->major_rev_num < 31)
		{
			for (i=0; i <= 15; i++)
				if_printf((id->major_rev_num & (1<<i))," %u", i);
		}
	}
#endif /* __NEW_HD_DRIVE_ID */
	printf("\n\n * signifies the current active mode\n\n");
}
#endif

static void flush_buffer_cache (int fd)
{
	fsync (fd);				/* flush buffers */
	bb_ioctl(fd, BLKFLSBUF, NULL,"BLKFLSBUF" ) ;/* do it again, big time */
#ifdef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
	sleep(1);
	if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, NULL) && errno != EINVAL)	/* await completion */
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_DRIVE_CMD");
#endif
}

static int seek_to_zero (int fd)
{
	if (lseek(fd, (off_t) 0, SEEK_SET))
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

static int read_big_block (int fd, char *buf)
{

	const char *string;
	int i, rc;
	if ((rc = read(fd, buf, TIMING_BUF_BYTES)) != TIMING_BUF_BYTES)
	{
		switch(rc)
		{
			case -1:
				string = "read()";
				break;
			case  0:
				string = "read() hit EOF - device too small";
				break;
			default:
				string = "read(%u) returned %u bytes";
		}
		bb_error_msg(string, TIMING_BUF_BYTES, rc);
		return 1;
	}

	/* access all sectors of buf to ensure the read fully completed */
	for (i = 0; i < TIMING_BUF_BYTES; i += 512)
		buf[i] &= 1;
	return 0;
}

static double correction;

static void do_time (int flag, int fd)
/*
	flag = 0 time_cache
	flag = 1 time_device
*/
{
	int i;
	char *buf;
	double elapsed;
	struct itimerval e1, e2;
	int shmid;
	int timing_MB = TIMING_MB;

	if ((shmid = shmget(IPC_PRIVATE, TIMING_BUF_BYTES, 0600)) == -1)
	{
		bb_error_msg (bb_msg_shared_mem,"allocate"); /*"could not allocate sharedmem buf"*/
		return;
	}
	if (shmctl(shmid, SHM_LOCK, NULL) == -1)
	{
		bb_error_msg (bb_msg_shared_mem,"lock"); /*"could not lock sharedmem buf"*/
		(void) shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
		return;
	}
	if ((buf = shmat(shmid, (char *) 0, 0)) == (char *) -1)
	{
		bb_error_msg (bb_msg_shared_mem,"attach"); /*"could not attach sharedmem buf"*/
		(void) shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
		return;
	}
	if (shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL) == -1)
		bb_error_msg ("shmctl(,IPC_RMID,)");

	/* Clear out the device request queues & give them time to complete */
	sync_and_sleep(3);

	if(flag  == 0) /* Time cache */
	{
		/* Calculate a correction factor for the basic
		* overhead of doing a read() from the buffer cache.
		* To do this, we read the data once to "cache it" and
		* to force full preallocation of our timing buffer,
		* and then we re-read it 10 times while timing it.
		*
		* getitimer() is used rather than gettimeofday() because
		* it is much more consistent (on my machine, at least).
		*/
		setitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &(struct itimerval){{1000,0},{1000,0}}, NULL);
		if (seek_to_zero (fd))
			return;
		if (read_big_block (fd, buf))
			return;
		printf(" Timing buffer-cache reads:   ");
		fflush(stdout);

		/* Clear out the device request queues & give them time to complete */
		sync_and_sleep(1);

		/* Time re-reading from the buffer-cache */
		getitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &e1);
		for (i = (BUFCACHE_FACTOR * TIMING_BUF_COUNT) ; i > 0; --i)
		{
			if (seek_to_zero (fd))
				goto quit;
			if (read_big_block (fd, buf))
				goto quit;
		}
		getitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &e2);
		correction = (e1.it_value.tv_sec - e2.it_value.tv_sec) + ((e1.it_value.tv_usec - e2.it_value.tv_usec) / 1000000.0);

		/* Now remove the lseek() from the correction factor */
		getitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &e1);
		for (i = (BUFCACHE_FACTOR * TIMING_BUF_COUNT) ; i > 0; --i)
		{
			if (seek_to_zero (fd))
				goto quit;
		}
		getitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &e2);
		correction -= (e1.it_value.tv_sec - e2.it_value.tv_sec)
		+ ((e1.it_value.tv_usec - e2.it_value.tv_usec) / 1000000.0);

		if ((BUFCACHE_FACTOR * timing_MB) >= correction)  /* more than 1MB/s */
			printf("%2d MB in %5.2f seconds =%6.2f MB/sec\n",
				(BUFCACHE_FACTOR * timing_MB),  correction,
				(BUFCACHE_FACTOR * timing_MB) / correction);
		else
			printf("%2d MB in %5.2f seconds =%6.2f kB/sec\n",
				(BUFCACHE_FACTOR * timing_MB),  correction,
				(BUFCACHE_FACTOR * timing_MB) / correction * 1024);
		correction /= BUFCACHE_FACTOR;

		flush_buffer_cache(fd);
		sleep(1);
	}
	else /* Time device */
	{
		printf(" Timing buffered disk reads:  ");
		fflush(stdout);

		/*
		* getitimer() is used rather than gettimeofday() because
		* it is much more consistent (on my machine, at least).
		*/
		setitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &(struct itimerval){{1000,0},{1000,0}}, NULL);

		/* Now do the timings for real */
		getitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &e1);
		for (i = TIMING_BUF_COUNT; i > 0; --i)
		{
			if (read_big_block (fd, buf))
				goto quit;
		}
		getitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &e2);

		elapsed =	(e1.it_value.tv_sec - e2.it_value.tv_sec) + ((e1.it_value.tv_usec - e2.it_value.tv_usec) / 1000000.0);

		if (timing_MB >= elapsed)  /* more than 1MB/s */
			printf("%2d MB in %5.2f seconds =%6.2f MB/sec\n",timing_MB, elapsed, timing_MB / elapsed);
		else
			printf("%2d MB in %5.2f seconds =%6.2f kB/sec\n",timing_MB, elapsed, timing_MB / elapsed * 1024);

		/*"Hmm.. suspicious results: probably not enough free memory for a proper test.");*/
		if (elapsed <= (correction * 2))
					bb_error_msg(bb_msg_memory_exhausted);

#if 0  /* the "estimate" is just plain wrong for many systems.. */
		else if (correction != 0.0) {
			printf(" Estimating raw driver speed: ");
			elapsed -= correction;
			if (timing_MB >= elapsed)  /* more than 1MB/s */
				printf("%2d MB in %5.2f seconds =%6.2f MB/sec\n",
					timing_MB, elapsed, timing_MB / elapsed);
			else
				printf("%2d MB in %5.2f seconds =%6.2f kB/sec\n",
					timing_MB, elapsed, timing_MB / elapsed * 1024);
		}
#endif
	}
quit:
	if (-1 == shmdt(buf))
		bb_error_msg (bb_msg_shared_mem,"detach"); /*"could not detach sharedmem buf"*/
}


static void no_scsi (void)
{
	/*" operation not supported on SCSI disks"*/
	if (is_scsi_hd)
		bb_error_msg_and_die(bb_msg_op_not_supp,"SCSI");
}

static void no_xt (void)
{
	if (is_xt_hd)
		bb_error_msg_and_die(bb_msg_op_not_supp,"XT");
}

static void on_off (unsigned int value)
{
	printf(value ? " (on)\n" : " (off)\n");
}

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
static void bus_state_value (unsigned int value)
{
	const char *string;

	switch (value)
	{
		case BUSSTATE_ON:
			string = " (on)\n";
			break;
		case BUSSTATE_OFF:
			string = " (off)\n";
			break;
		case BUSSTATE_TRISTATE:
			string = " (tristate)\n";
			break;
		default:
			string = " (unknown: %d)\n";
			break;
	}
	printf(string, value);
}
#endif

#ifdef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
static void interpret_standby (unsigned int standby)
{
	printf(" (");
	switch(standby)
	{
		case 0:
			printf("off");
			break;
		case 252:
			printf("21 minutes");
			break;
		case 253:
			printf("vendor-specific");
			break;
		case 254:
			printf("?reserved");
			break;
		case 255:
			printf("21 minutes + 15 seconds");
			break;
		default:
			if (standby <= 240)
			{
				unsigned int secs = standby * 5;
				unsigned int mins = secs / 60;
				secs %= 60;
				if_printf(mins,"%u minutes", mins);
				if_printf((mins && secs)," + ");
				if_printf(secs,"%u seconds", secs);
			}
			else if (standby <= 251)
			{
				unsigned int mins = (standby - 240) * 30;
				unsigned int hrs  = mins / 60;
				mins %= 60;
				if_printf(hrs,"%u hours", hrs);
				if_printf((hrs && mins)," + ");
				if_printf(mins,"%u minutes", mins);
			}
			else
				printf("illegal value");
			break;
	}
	printf(")\n");
}

struct xfermode_entry {
    int val;
    const char *name;
};

static const struct xfermode_entry xfermode_table[] = {
    { 8,    "pio0" },
    { 9,    "pio1" },
    { 10,   "pio2" },
    { 11,   "pio3" },
    { 12,   "pio4" },
    { 13,   "pio5" },
    { 14,   "pio6" },
    { 15,   "pio7" },
    { 16,   "sdma0" },
    { 17,   "sdma1" },
    { 18,   "sdma2" },
    { 19,   "sdma3" },
    { 20,   "sdma4" },
    { 21,   "sdma5" },
    { 22,   "sdma6" },
    { 23,   "sdma7" },
    { 32,   "mdma0" },
    { 33,   "mdma1" },
    { 34,   "mdma2" },
    { 35,   "mdma3" },
    { 36,   "mdma4" },
    { 37,   "mdma5" },
    { 38,   "mdma6" },
    { 39,   "mdma7" },
    { 64,   "udma0" },
    { 65,   "udma1" },
    { 66,   "udma2" },
    { 67,   "udma3" },
    { 68,   "udma4" },
    { 69,   "udma5" },
    { 70,   "udma6" },
    { 71,   "udma7" },
    { 0, NULL }
};

static int translate_xfermode(char * name)
{
	const struct xfermode_entry *tmp;
	char *endptr;
	int val = -1;


	for (tmp = xfermode_table; tmp->name != NULL; ++tmp)
	{
		if (!strcmp(name, tmp->name))
			return tmp->val;

	}

	val = strtol(name, &endptr, 10);
	if (*endptr == '\0')
		return val;

	return -1;
}

static void interpret_xfermode (unsigned int xfermode)
{
	printf(" (");
	switch(xfermode) {
		case 0:
			printf("default PIO mode");
			break;
		case 1:
			printf("default PIO mode, disable IORDY");
			break;
		case 8:
		case 9:
		case 10:
		case 11:
		case 12:
		case 13:
		case 14:
		case 15:
			printf("PIO flow control mode%u", xfermode-8);
			break;
		case 16:
		case 17:
		case 18:
		case 19:
		case 20:
		case 21:
		case 22:
		case 23:
			printf("singleword DMA mode%u", xfermode-16);
			break;
		case 32:
		case 33:
		case 34:
		case 35:
		case 36:
		case 37:
		case 38:
		case 39:
			printf("multiword DMA mode%u", xfermode-32);
			break;
		case 64:
		case 65:
		case 66:
		case 67:
		case 68:
		case 69:
		case 70:
		case 71:
			printf("UltraDMA mode%u", xfermode-64);
			break;
		default:
			printf("unknown, probably not valid");
			break;
	}
	printf(")\n");
}
#endif /* HDIO_DRIVE_CMD */

#ifndef VXVM_MAJOR
#define VXVM_MAJOR 199
#endif

#ifndef CCISS_MAJOR
#define CCISS_MAJOR 104
#endif

static void process_dev (char *devname)
{
	int fd;
	static long parm, multcount;
	struct stat stat_buf;
#ifndef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
	int force_operation = 0;
#endif
	xstat(devname,&stat_buf);

	switch(major(stat_buf.st_rdev))
	{
#ifdef SCSI_DISK0_MAJOR
		case (SCSI_DISK0_MAJOR):
		case (SCSI_DISK1_MAJOR):
		case (SCSI_DISK2_MAJOR):
		case (SCSI_DISK3_MAJOR):
		case (SCSI_DISK4_MAJOR):
		case (SCSI_DISK5_MAJOR):
		case (SCSI_DISK6_MAJOR):
		case (SCSI_DISK7_MAJOR):
#else
		case (SCSI_DISK_MAJOR):
#endif
#ifdef MD_MAJOR
		case (MD_MAJOR):
#endif
		case (VXVM_MAJOR):
#ifdef LVM_BLK_MAJOR
		case (LVM_BLK_MAJOR):
#endif
		case (CCISS_MAJOR):
			is_scsi_hd = 1;
			break;
#ifdef XT_DISK_MAJOR
		case (XT_DISK_MAJOR):
			is_xt_hd = 1;
			break;
#endif
		case IDE0_MAJOR:
		case IDE1_MAJOR:
#ifdef IDE2_MAJOR
		case IDE2_MAJOR:
#endif
#ifdef IDE3_MAJOR
		case IDE3_MAJOR:
#endif
#ifdef IDE4_MAJOR
		case IDE4_MAJOR:
#endif
#ifdef IDE5_MAJOR
		case IDE5_MAJOR:
#endif
#ifdef IDE6_MAJOR
		case IDE6_MAJOR:
#endif
#ifdef IDE7_MAJOR
		case IDE7_MAJOR:
#endif
#ifdef IDE8_MAJOR
		case IDE8_MAJOR:
#endif
#ifdef IDE9_MAJOR
		case IDE9_MAJOR:
#endif
			break;	/* do nothing */
		default:
			bb_error_msg_and_die("%s not supported",devname);
	}

	fd = bb_xopen (devname, O_RDONLY|O_NONBLOCK);
	if_printf( (!quiet),"\n%s:\n", devname);

	if (set_readahead)
	{
		if_printf(get_readahead," setting fs readahead to %ld\n", Xreadahead);
		bb_ioctl(fd, BLKRASET,(int *)Xreadahead,"BLKRASET");
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_UNREGISTER_HWIF
	if (unregister_hwif)
	{
		no_scsi();
		printf(" attempting to unregister hwif#%u\n", hwif);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_UNREGISTER_HWIF,(int *)(unsigned long)hwif,"HDIO_UNREGISTER_HWIF");
	}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_SCAN_HWIF
	if (scan_hwif)
	{
		int	args[3];
		no_scsi();
		printf(" attempting to scan hwif (0x%x, 0x%x, %u)\n", hwif_data, hwif_ctrl, hwif_irq);
		args[0] = hwif_data;
		args[1] = hwif_ctrl;
		args[2] = hwif_irq;
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SCAN_HWIF, args, "HDIO_SCAN_HWIF");
	}
#endif
	if (set_piomode)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		if (noisy_piomode)
		{
			printf(" attempting to ");
			if (piomode == 255)
				printf("auto-tune PIO mode\n");
			else if (piomode < 100)
				printf("set PIO mode to %d\n", piomode);
			else if (piomode < 200)
				printf("set MDMA mode to %d\n", (piomode-100));
			else
				printf("set UDMA mode to %d\n", (piomode-200));
		}
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_PIO_MODE, (int *)(unsigned long)piomode, "HDIO_SET_PIO_MODE");
	}
	if (set_io32bit)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if_printf(get_io32bit," setting 32-bit IO_support flag to %ld\n", io32bit);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_32BIT, (int *)io32bit, "HDIO_SET_32BIT");
	}
	if (set_mult)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if_printf(get_mult, " setting multcount to %ld\n", mult);
		if(ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_MULTCOUNT, mult))
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_SET_MULTCOUNT");
#ifndef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
		else
			force_operation = 1;
#endif
	}
	if (set_readonly)
	{
		if_printf_on_off(get_readonly," setting readonly to %ld", readonly);
		bb_ioctl(fd, BLKROSET, &readonly, "BLKROSET");
	}
	if (set_unmask)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if_printf_on_off(get_unmask," setting unmaskirq to %ld", unmask);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_UNMASKINTR, (int *)unmask, "HDIO_SET_UNMASKINTR");
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_GETSET_DMA
	if (set_dma)
	{
		no_scsi();
		if_printf_on_off(get_dma," setting using_dma to %ld", dma);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_DMA, (int *)dma, "HDIO_SET_DMA");
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_GETSET_DMA */
	if (set_dma_q)
	{
		no_scsi();
		if_printf_on_off(get_dma_q," setting DMA queue_depth to %ld", dma_q);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_QDMA, (int *)dma_q, "HDIO_SET_QDMA");
	}
	if (set_nowerr)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if_printf_on_off(get_nowerr," setting nowerr to %ld", nowerr);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_NOWERR, (int *)nowerr,"HDIO_SET_NOWERR");
	}
	if (set_keep)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if_printf_on_off(get_keep," setting keep_settings to %ld", keep);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_KEEPSETTINGS, (int *)keep,"HDIO_SET_KEEPSETTINGS");
	}
#ifdef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
	if (set_doorlock)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {0,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		args[0] = doorlock ? WIN_DOORLOCK : WIN_DOORUNLOCK;
		if_printf_on_off(get_doorlock," setting drive doorlock to %ld", doorlock);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args,"HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(doorlock)");
	}
	if (set_dkeep)
	{
		/* lock/unlock the drive's "feature" settings */
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETFEATURES,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		if_printf_on_off(get_dkeep," setting drive keep features to %ld", dkeep);
		args[2] = dkeep ? 0x66 : 0xcc;
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args,"HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(keepsettings)");
	}
	if (set_defects)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETFEATURES,0,0x04,0};
		no_scsi();
		args[2] = defects ? 0x04 : 0x84;
		if_printf(get_defects," setting drive defect-mgmt to %ld\n", defects);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args,"HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(defectmgmt)");
	}
	if (set_prefetch)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETFEATURES,0,0xab,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		args[1] = prefetch;
		if_printf(get_prefetch," setting drive prefetch to %ld\n", prefetch);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args, "HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(setprefetch)");
	}
	if (set_xfermode)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETFEATURES,0,3,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		args[1] = xfermode_requested;
		if (get_xfermode)
		{
			printf(" setting xfermode to %d", xfermode_requested);
			interpret_xfermode(xfermode_requested);
		}
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args,"HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(setxfermode)");
	}
	if (set_lookahead)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETFEATURES,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		args[2] = lookahead ? 0xaa : 0x55;
		if_printf_on_off(get_lookahead," setting drive read-lookahead to %ld", lookahead);
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args, "HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(setreadahead)");
	}
	if (set_apmmode)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETFEATURES,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		apmmode=check_if_min_and_set_val(apmmode,1);
		apmmode=check_if_maj_and_set_val(apmmode,255);
		if_printf(get_apmmode," setting APM level to");
		if (apmmode==255)
		{
			/* disable Advanced Power Management */
			args[2] = 0x85; /* feature register */
			if_printf(get_apmmode," disabled\n");
		}
		else
		{
			/* set Advanced Power Management mode */
			args[2] = 0x05; /* feature register */
			args[1] = apmmode; /* sector count register */
			if_printf(get_apmmode," 0x%02lX (%ld)\n",apmmode,apmmode);
		}
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args,"HDIO_DRIVE_CMD");
	}
	if (set_wcache)
	{
#ifdef DO_FLUSHCACHE
#ifndef WIN_FLUSHCACHE
#define WIN_FLUSHCACHE 0xe7
#endif
		unsigned char flushcache[4] = {WIN_FLUSHCACHE,0,0,0};
#endif /* DO_FLUSHCACHE */
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETFEATURES,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		args[2] = wcache ? 0x02 : 0x82;
		if_printf_on_off(get_wcache," setting drive write-caching to %ld", wcache);
#ifdef DO_FLUSHCACHE
		if (!wcache && ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &flushcache))
			bb_perror_msg ("HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(flushcache)");
#endif /* DO_FLUSHCACHE */
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args, "HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(setcache)");
#ifdef DO_FLUSHCACHE
		if (!wcache && ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &flushcache))
			bb_perror_msg ("HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(flushcache)");
#endif /* DO_FLUSHCACHE */
	}
	if (set_standbynow)
	{
#ifndef WIN_STANDBYNOW1
#define WIN_STANDBYNOW1 0xE0
#endif
#ifndef WIN_STANDBYNOW2
#define WIN_STANDBYNOW2 0x94
#endif
		unsigned char args1[4] = {WIN_STANDBYNOW1,0,0,0};
		unsigned char args2[4] = {WIN_STANDBYNOW2,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		if_printf(get_standbynow," issuing standby command\n");
		if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args1)
		 && ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args2))
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(standby)");
	}
	if (set_sleepnow)
	{
#ifndef WIN_SLEEPNOW1
#define WIN_SLEEPNOW1 0xE6
#endif
#ifndef WIN_SLEEPNOW2
#define WIN_SLEEPNOW2 0x99
#endif
		unsigned char args1[4] = {WIN_SLEEPNOW1,0,0,0};
		unsigned char args2[4] = {WIN_SLEEPNOW2,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		if_printf(get_sleepnow," issuing sleep command\n");
		if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args1)
		 && ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args2))
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(sleep)");
	}
	if (set_seagate)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {0xfb,0,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if_printf(get_seagate," disabling Seagate auto powersaving mode\n");
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args, "HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(seagatepwrsave)");
	}
	if (set_standby)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_SETIDLE1,standby_requested,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if (get_standby)
		{
			printf(" setting standby to %lu", standby_requested);
			interpret_standby(standby_requested);
		}
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args, "HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(setidle1)");
	}
#else	/* HDIO_DRIVE_CMD */
	if (force_operation)
	{
		char buf[512];
		flush_buffer_cache(fd);
		if (-1 == read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)))
			bb_error_msg("access failed");
	}
#endif	/* HDIO_DRIVE_CMD */

	if (!flagcount)
		verbose = 1;

	if ((verbose && !is_scsi_hd && !is_xt_hd) || get_mult || get_identity)
	{
		no_scsi();
		multcount = -1;
		if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_GET_MULTCOUNT, &multcount))
		{
			if ((verbose && !is_xt_hd) || get_mult)
				bb_perror_msg("HDIO_GET_MULTCOUNT");
		}
		else if (verbose | get_mult)
		{
			printf(" multcount    = %2ld", multcount);
			on_off(multcount);
		}
	}
	if ((verbose && !is_scsi_hd && !is_xt_hd) || get_io32bit)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		if(ioctl(fd, HDIO_GET_32BIT, &parm))
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_GET_32BIT");
		else
		{
			printf(" IO_support   =%3ld (", parm);
			switch (parm)
			{
				case 0:
					printf("default ");
				case 2:
					printf("16-bit)\n");
					break;
				case 1:
					printf("32-bit)\n");
					break;
				case 3:
					printf("32-bit w/sync)\n");
					break;
				case 8:
					printf("Request-Queue-Bypass)\n");
					break;
				default:
					printf("\?\?\?)\n");
				/*esac*/
			}
		}
	}
	if ((verbose && !is_scsi_hd && !is_xt_hd) || get_unmask)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		bb_ioctl_on_off(fd, HDIO_GET_UNMASKINTR,(unsigned long *)parm,
						"HDIO_GET_UNMASKINTR"," unmaskirq    = %2ld");
	}


#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_GETSET_DMA
	if ((verbose && !is_scsi_hd) || get_dma) {
		no_scsi();
		if(ioctl(fd, HDIO_GET_DMA, &parm))
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_GET_DMA");
		else
		{
			printf(" using_dma    = %2ld", parm);
			if (parm == 8)
				printf(" (DMA-Assisted-PIO)\n");
			else
				on_off(parm);
		}
	}
#endif
	if (get_dma_q)
	{
		no_scsi();
		bb_ioctl_on_off (fd, HDIO_GET_QDMA,(unsigned long *)parm,
						  "HDIO_GET_QDMA"," queue_depth  = %2ld");
	}
	if ((verbose && !is_scsi_hd && !is_xt_hd) || get_keep)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		bb_ioctl_on_off (fd, HDIO_GET_KEEPSETTINGS,(unsigned long *)parm,
							"HDIO_GET_KEEPSETTINGS"," keepsettings = %2ld");
	}

	if (get_nowerr)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		bb_ioctl_on_off  (fd, HDIO_GET_NOWERR,(unsigned long *)&parm,
							" HDIO_GET_NOWERR"," nowerr       = %2ld");
	}
	if (verbose || get_readonly)
	{
		bb_ioctl_on_off(fd, BLKROGET,(unsigned long *)parm,
						  " BLKROGET"," readonly     = %2ld");
	}
	if ((verbose && !is_scsi_hd) || get_readahead)
	{
		bb_ioctl_on_off (fd, BLKRAGET, (unsigned long *) parm,
							" BLKRAGET"," readahead    = %2ld");
	}
	if (verbose || get_geom)
	{
		static const char msg[] = " geometry     = %u/%u/%u, sectors = %ld, start = %ld\n";
		static struct hd_geometry g;
#ifdef HDIO_GETGEO_BIG
		static struct hd_big_geometry bg;
#endif

		if (ioctl(fd, BLKGETSIZE, &parm))
			bb_perror_msg("BLKGETSIZE");
#ifdef HDIO_GETGEO_BIG
		else if (!ioctl(fd, HDIO_GETGEO_BIG, &bg))
			printf(msg, bg.cylinders, bg.heads, bg.sectors, parm, bg.start);
#endif
		else if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_GETGEO, &g))
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_GETGEO");
		else
			printf(msg, g.cylinders, g.heads, g.sectors, parm, g.start);
	}
#ifdef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
	if (get_powermode)
	{
#ifndef WIN_CHECKPOWERMODE1
#define WIN_CHECKPOWERMODE1 0xE5
#endif
#ifndef WIN_CHECKPOWERMODE2
#define WIN_CHECKPOWERMODE2 0x98
#endif
		unsigned char args[4] = {WIN_CHECKPOWERMODE1,0,0,0};
		const char *state;
		no_scsi();
		if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args)
			 && (args[0] = WIN_CHECKPOWERMODE2) /* try again with 0x98 */
			&& ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args))
		{
			if (errno != EIO || args[0] != 0 || args[1] != 0)
				state = "unknown";
			else
				state = "sleeping";
		}
		else
			state = (args[2] == 255) ? "active/idle" : "standby";

		printf(" drive state is:  %s\n", state);
	}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_DRIVE_RESET
	if (perform_reset)
	{
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_RESET, NULL, "HDIO_DRIVE_RESET");
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_DRIVE_RESET */
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
	if (perform_tristate)
	{
		unsigned char args[4] = {0,tristate,0,0};
		no_scsi();
		no_xt();
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF, &args, "HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF");
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF */
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
	if (get_identity)
	{
		static struct hd_driveid id;

		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		if (!ioctl(fd, HDIO_GET_IDENTITY, &id))
		{
			if (multcount != -1)
			{
				id.multsect = multcount;
				id.multsect_valid |= 1;
			}
			else
				id.multsect_valid &= ~1;
			dump_identity(&id);
		}
		else if (errno == -ENOMSG)
			printf(" no identification info available\n");
		else
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_GET_IDENTITY");
	}

	if (get_IDentity)
	{
		unsigned char args[4+512] = {WIN_IDENTIFY,0,0,1,};
		unsigned i;

		no_scsi();
		no_xt();

		if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args))
		{
			args[0] = WIN_PIDENTIFY;
			if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_DRIVE_CMD, &args))
			{
				bb_perror_msg("HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(identify)");
				goto identify_abort;
			}
		}
		for(i=0; i<(sizeof args)/2; i+=2)
		    __le16_to_cpus((uint16_t *)(&args[i]));

		identify((void *)&args[4], NULL);
identify_abort:
	/* VOID */;
	}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
	if (set_busstate)
	{
		no_scsi();
		if (get_busstate)
		{
			printf(" setting bus state to %d", busstate);
			bus_state_value(busstate);
		}
		bb_ioctl(fd, HDIO_SET_BUSSTATE, (int *)(unsigned long)busstate, "HDIO_SET_BUSSTATE");
	}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
	if (get_busstate)
	{
		no_scsi();
		if (ioctl(fd, HDIO_GET_BUSSTATE, &parm))
			bb_perror_msg("HDIO_GET_BUSSTATE");
		else
		{
			printf(" busstate     = %2ld", parm);
			bus_state_value(parm);
		}
	}
#endif
	if (reread_partn)
		bb_ioctl(fd, BLKRRPART, NULL, "BLKRRPART");


	if (do_ctimings)
		do_time(0,fd);		/*time cache  */
	if (do_timings)
		do_time(1,fd);		/*time device */
	if (do_flush)
		flush_buffer_cache (fd);
	close (fd);
}

static char * GET_NUMBER(char *p, unsigned long *flag, unsigned long *num)
{
	*num = 0;
	while (isdigit(*p)) {
		*flag = 1;
		*num = (*num * 10) + (*p++ - '0');
	}
	return p;
}

static char * GET_STRING(char *p, unsigned long *flag, int *num)
{
	char *tmpstr;
	char name[32];
	tmpstr = name;
	tmpstr[0] = '\0';
	while (isalnum(*p) && (tmpstr - name) < 31) {
		tmpstr[0] = *p++;
		tmpstr[1] = '\0';
		++tmpstr;
	}
	*num = translate_xfermode(name);
	if (*num == -1)
		*flag = 0;
	else
		*flag = 1;
	return p;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
static int fromhex (unsigned char c)
{
	if (c >= 'a' && c <= 'f')
		return 10 + (c - 'a');
	if (c >= '0' && c <= '9')
		return (c - '0');
	bb_error_msg_and_die("bad char: '%c' 0x%02x", c, c);
}

static int identify_from_stdin (void)
{
	unsigned short sbuf[800];
	unsigned char  buf[1600], *b = (unsigned char *)buf;
	int i, count = read(0, buf, 1280);

	if (count != 1280)
		bb_error_msg_and_die("read(1280 bytes) failed (rc=%d)", count);
	for (i = 0; count >= 4; ++i)
	{
		sbuf[i] = (fromhex(b[0]) << 12) | (fromhex(b[1]) << 8) | (fromhex(b[2]) << 4) | fromhex(b[3]);
		__le16_to_cpus((uint16_t *)(&sbuf[i]));
		b += 5;
		count -= 5;
	}
	identify(sbuf, NULL);
	return 0;
}
#endif

static void missing_arg(int arg, char c, char* add)
{
	if (!arg)
		bb_error_msg("-%c: missing value %s", c, (add!=NULL)? add :"");
}

/* our main() routine: */
int hdparm_main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	char c, *p;

	++argv;
	if (!--argc)
		bb_show_usage();

	while (argc--)
	{
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
		if (!strcmp("-Istdin", *argv))
		{
			return identify_from_stdin();
		}
#endif
		p = *argv++;
		if (*p == '-')
		{
			if (!*++p)
				bb_show_usage();
			while ((c = *p++))
			{
				++flagcount;
				switch (c)
				{
					case 'V':
						/*bb_error_msg_and_die("%s", VERSION);*/
						/* We have to return 0 here and not 1 */
						printf("%s %s\n",bb_applet_name, VERSION);
						return EXIT_SUCCESS;
					case 'v':
						verbose = 1;
						break;
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_GET_IDENTITY
					case 'I':
						get_IDentity = 1;
						break;
					case 'i':
						get_identity = 1;
						break;
#endif
					case 'g':
						get_geom = 1;
						break;
					case 'f':
						do_flush = 1;
						break;
					case 'q':
						quiet = 1;
						noisy = 0;
						break;
					case 'u':
						get_unmask = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_unmask = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							unmask  = *p++ - '0';
						break;
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_GETSET_DMA
					case 'd':
						get_dma = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_dma = set_flag(p,'9'))==1)
							dma = *p++ - '0';
						break;
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_GETSET_DMA */
					case 'n':
						get_nowerr = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_nowerr = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							nowerr  = *p++ - '0';
						break;
					case 'p':
						noisy_piomode = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_STRING(p,&set_piomode,&piomode);
						break;
					case 'r':
						get_readonly = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_readonly = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							readonly  = *p++ - '0';
						break;
					case 'm':
						get_mult = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_mult,&mult);
						break;
					case 'c':
						get_io32bit = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_io32bit,&io32bit);
						break;
#ifdef HDIO_DRIVE_CMD
					case 'S':
						get_standby = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_standby,&standby_requested);
						missing_arg(set_standby, c, NULL);
						break;

					case 'D':
						get_defects = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_defects,&defects);
						missing_arg(set_defects, c, NULL);
						break;
					case 'P':
						get_prefetch = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_prefetch,&prefetch);
						missing_arg(set_prefetch, c, NULL);
						break;

					case 'X':
						get_xfermode = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_STRING(p,&set_xfermode,&xfermode_requested);
						missing_arg(set_xfermode, c, NULL);
						break;

					case 'K':
						get_dkeep = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_dkeep = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							dkeep  = *p++ - '0';
						else
							goto missing_arg_error;
						break;

					case 'A':
						get_lookahead = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_lookahead = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							lookahead  = *p++ - '0';
						else
							goto missing_arg_error;
						break;

					case 'L':
						get_doorlock = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_doorlock = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							doorlock  = *p++ - '0';
						else
							goto missing_arg_error;
						break;

					case 'W':
						get_wcache = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_wcache = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							wcache  = *p++ - '0';
						else
missing_arg_error:
							missing_arg(1, c, "(0/1)");
						break;

					case 'C':
						get_powermode = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						break;

					case 'y':
						get_standbynow = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						set_standbynow = 1;
						break;

					case 'Y':
						get_sleepnow = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						set_sleepnow = 1;
						break;

					case 'z':
						reread_partn = 1;
						break;

					case 'Z':
						get_seagate = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						set_seagate = 1;
						break;
#endif /* HDIO_DRIVE_CMD */
					case 'k':
						get_keep = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_keep = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							keep  = *p++ - '0';
						break;
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_UNREGISTER_HWIF
					case 'U':
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if(! p)
							goto expected_hwif_error; /* "expected hwif_nr" */

						sscanf(p++, "%i", &hwif);

						unregister_hwif = 1;
						break;
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_UNREGISTER_HWIF */
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_SCAN_HWIF
					case 'R':
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if(! p)
							goto expected_hwif_error; /* "expected hwif_data" */

						sscanf(p++, "%i", &hwif_data);

						if (argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						else
							goto expected_hwif_error; /* "expected hwif_ctrl" */

						sscanf(p, "%i", &hwif_ctrl);

						if (argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						else
expected_hwif_error:
							bb_error_msg_and_die("expected hwif value"); /* "expected hwif_irq" */

						sscanf(p, "%i", &hwif_irq);

						*p = '\0';

						scan_hwif = 1;
						break;
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_SCAN_HWIF */
					case 'Q':
#ifdef HDIO_GET_QDMA
						get_dma_q = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
#ifdef HDIO_SET_QDMA
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_dma_q,&dma_q);
#ifdef HDIO_GET_QDMA
						dma_q = -dma_q;
#endif
#endif
#endif
						break;

#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_DRIVE_RESET
					case 'w':
						perform_reset = 1;
						break;
#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_DRIVE_RESET */
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
					case 'x':
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((perform_tristate = set_flag(p,'1'))==1)
							tristate  = *p++ - '0';
						else
							missing_arg(1, c, "(0/1)");
						break;

#endif /* CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF */
					case 'a':
						get_readahead = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_readahead,&Xreadahead);
						break;
					case 'B':
						get_apmmode = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isalnum(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						p=GET_NUMBER(p,&set_apmmode,&apmmode);
						missing_arg(set_apmmode, c, "(1-255)");
						break;
					case 't':
						do_timings = 1;
						do_flush = 1;
						break;
					case 'T':
						do_ctimings = 1;
						do_flush = 1;
						break;
#ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_HDPARM_HDIO_TRISTATE_HWIF
					case 'b':
						get_busstate = noisy;
						noisy = 1;
						if (!*p && argc && isdigit(**argv))
							p = *argv++, --argc;
						if((set_busstate = set_flag(p,'2'))==1)
							busstate  = *p++ - '0';
						break;
#endif
					case 'h':
					default:
						bb_show_usage();
				}
			}
			if (!argc)
				bb_show_usage();
		} else {
			process_dev (p);
		}
	}
	return 0 ;
}