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/* vi:set ts=4:
 *
 * mdev - Mini udev for busybox
 *
 * Copyright 2005 Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
 * Copyright 2005 Frank Sorenson <frank@tuxrocks.com>
 *
 * Licensed under GPLv2 or later, see file LICENSE in this tarball for details.
 */

#include <ctype.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/sysmacros.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "busybox.h"
#include "xregex.h"

#define DEV_PATH	"/dev"
#define MDEV_CONF	"/etc/mdev.conf"

#include <busybox.h>

int root_major, root_minor;

/* mknod in /dev based on a path like "/sys/block/hda/hda1" */
static void make_device(char *path)
{
	char *device_name, *s;
	int major, minor, type, len, fd;
	int mode = 0660;
	uid_t uid = 0;
	gid_t gid = 0;

	RESERVE_CONFIG_BUFFER(temp, PATH_MAX);

	/* Try to read major/minor string */

	snprintf(temp, PATH_MAX, "%s/dev", path);
	fd = open(temp, O_RDONLY);
	len = read(fd, temp, PATH_MAX-1);
	close(fd);
	if (len < 1) goto end;

	/* Determine device name, type, major and minor */

	device_name = strrchr(path, '/') + 1;
	type = strncmp(path+5, "block/", 6) ? S_IFCHR : S_IFBLK;
	if (sscanf(temp, "%d:%d", &major, &minor) != 2)
		goto end;

	/* If we have a config file, look up permissions for this device */

	if (ENABLE_FEATURE_MDEV_CONF) {
		char *conf, *pos, *end;

		/* mmap the config file */
		if (-1 != (fd=open(MDEV_CONF,O_RDONLY))) {
			len = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END);
			conf = mmap(NULL, len, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
			if (conf) {
				int line = 0;

				/* Loop through lines in mmaped file*/
				for (pos=conf; pos-conf<len;) {
					int field;
					char *end2;

					line++;
					/* find end of this line */
					for(end=pos; end-conf<len && *end!='\n'; end++)
						;

					/* Three fields: regex, uid:gid, mode */
					for (field=3; field; field--) {
						/* Skip whitespace */
						while (pos<end && isspace(*pos))
							pos++;
						if (pos==end || *pos=='#')
							break;
						for (end2=pos; end2<end && !isspace(*end2) && *end2!='#'; end2++)
							;

						switch (field) {
							/* Regex to match this device */
							case 3:
							{
								char *regex = strndupa(pos,end2-pos);
								regex_t match;
								regmatch_t off;
								int result;

								/* Is this it? */
								xregcomp(&match,regex,REG_EXTENDED);
								result = regexec(&match,device_name,1,&off,0);
								regfree(&match);

								/* If not this device, skip rest of line */
								if (result || off.rm_so || off.rm_eo!=strlen(device_name))
									goto end_line;

								break;
							}
							/* uid:gid */
							case 2:
							{
								char *s2;

								/* Find : */
								for(s=pos; s<end2 && *s!=':'; s++)
									;
								if (s == end2)
									goto end_line;

								/* Parse UID */
								uid = strtoul(pos,&s2,10);
								if (s != s2) {
									struct passwd *pass;
									pass = getpwnam(strndupa(pos,s-pos));
									if (!pass)
										goto end_line;
									uid = pass->pw_uid;
								}
								s++;
								/* parse GID */
								gid = strtoul(s,&s2,10);
								if (end2 != s2) {
									struct group *grp;
									grp = getgrnam(strndupa(s,end2-s));
									if (!grp)
										goto end_line;
									gid = grp->gr_gid;
								}
								break;
							}
							/* mode */
							case 1:
							{
								mode = strtoul(pos,&pos,8);
								if (pos != end2)
									goto end_line;
								else
									goto found_device;
							}
						}
						pos = end2;
					}
end_line:
					/* Did everything parse happily? */
					if (field && field!=3)
						bb_error_msg_and_die("Bad line %d",line);

					/* Next line */
					pos = ++end;
				}
found_device:
				munmap(conf, len);
			}
			close(fd);
		}
	}

	sprintf(temp, "%s/%s", DEV_PATH, device_name);
	umask(0);
	if (mknod(temp, mode | type, makedev(major, minor)) && errno != EEXIST)
		bb_perror_msg_and_die("mknod %s failed", temp);

	if (major==root_major && minor==root_minor)
		symlink(temp,DEV_PATH "/root");
	
	if (ENABLE_FEATURE_MDEV_CONF) chown(temp,uid,gid);

end:
	RELEASE_CONFIG_BUFFER(temp);
}

/* Recursive search of /sys/block or /sys/class.  path must be a writeable
 * buffer of size PATH_MAX containing the directory string to start at. */

static void find_dev(char *path)
{
	DIR *dir;
	size_t len = strlen(path);
	struct dirent *entry;

	if ((dir = opendir(path)) == NULL)
		return;

	while ((entry = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {

		/* Skip "." and ".." (also skips hidden files, which is ok) */

		if (entry->d_name[0] == '.')
			continue;

		if (entry->d_type == DT_DIR) {
			snprintf(path+len, PATH_MAX-len, "/%s", entry->d_name);
			find_dev(path);
			path[len] = 0;
		}

		/* If there's a dev entry, mknod it */

		if (!strcmp(entry->d_name, "dev")) make_device(path);
	}

	closedir(dir);
}

int mdev_main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	char *action;
	char *env_path;
	RESERVE_CONFIG_BUFFER(temp,PATH_MAX);

	/* Scan */

	if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1],"-s")) {
		struct stat st;

		stat("/", &st);  // If this fails, we have bigger problems.
		root_major=major(st.st_dev);
		root_minor=minor(st.st_dev);
		strcpy(temp,"/sys/block");
		find_dev(temp);
		strcpy(temp,"/sys/class");
		find_dev(temp);

	/* Hotplug */

	} else {
		action = getenv("ACTION");
		env_path = getenv("DEVPATH");
	    if (!action || !env_path)
			bb_show_usage();

		if (!strcmp(action, "add")) {
			sprintf(temp, "/sys%s", env_path);
			make_device(temp);
		} else if (!strcmp(action, "remove")) {
			sprintf(temp, "%s/%s", DEV_PATH, strrchr(env_path, '/') + 1);
			unlink(temp);
		}
	}

	if (ENABLE_FEATURE_CLEAN_UP) RELEASE_CONFIG_BUFFER(temp);
	return 0;
}