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/* vi: set sw=4 ts=4: */
/*
 * tiny-ls.c version 0.1.0: A minimalist 'ls'
 * Copyright (C) 1996 Brian Candler <B.Candler@pobox.com>
 * 
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

/*
 * To achieve a small memory footprint, this version of 'ls' doesn't do any
 * file sorting, and only has the most essential command line switches
 * (i.e. the ones I couldn't live without :-) All features which involve
 * linking in substantial chunks of libc can be disabled.
 *
 * Although I don't really want to add new features to this program to
 * keep it small, I *am* interested to receive bug fixes and ways to make
 * it more portable.
 *
 * KNOWN BUGS:
 * 1. ls -l of a directory doesn't give "total <blocks>" header
 * 2. ls of a symlink to a directory doesn't list directory contents
 * 3. hidden files can make column width too large
 *
 * NON-OPTIMAL BEHAVIOUR:
 * 1. autowidth reads directories twice
 * 2. if you do a short directory listing without filetype characters
 *    appended, there's no need to stat each one
 * PORTABILITY:
 * 1. requires lstat (BSD) - how do you do it without?
 */

#define TERMINAL_WIDTH	80		/* use 79 if your terminal has linefold bug */
#define	COLUMN_WIDTH	14		/* default if AUTOWIDTH not defined */
#define COLUMN_GAP	2			/* includes the file type char, if present */
#define HAS_REWINDDIR

/************************************************************************/

#include "internal.h"
#if !defined(__GLIBC__) && (__GLIBC__ >= 2) && (__GLIBC_MINOR__ >= 1)
# include <linux/types.h>
#else
# include <sys/types.h>
#endif
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_TIMESTAMPS
#include <time.h>
#endif

#define TYPEINDEX(mode)	(((mode) >> 12) & 0x0f)
#define TYPECHAR(mode)	("0pcCd?bB-?l?s???" [TYPEINDEX(mode)])
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
#define APPCHAR(mode)	("\0|\0\0/\0\0\0\0\0@\0=\0\0\0" [TYPEINDEX(mode)])
#endif

#ifndef MAJOR
#define MAJOR(dev) (((dev)>>8)&0xff)
#define MINOR(dev) ((dev)&0xff)
#endif

#define FMT_AUTO	0
#define FMT_LONG	1			/* one record per line, extended info */
#define FMT_SINGLE	2			/* one record per line */
#define FMT_ROWS	3			/* print across rows */
#define FMT_COLUMNS	3			/* fill columns (same, since we don't sort) */

#define TIME_MOD	0
#define TIME_CHANGE	1
#define TIME_ACCESS	2

#define DISP_FTYPE	1			/* show character for file type */
#define DISP_EXEC	2			/* show '*' if regular executable file */
#define DISP_HIDDEN	4			/* show files starting . (except . and ..) */
#define DISP_DOT	8			/* show . and .. */
#define DISP_NUMERIC	16		/* numeric uid and gid */
#define DISP_FULLTIME	32		/* show extended time display */
#define DIR_NOLIST	64			/* show directory as itself, not contents */
#define DISP_DIRNAME	128		/* show directory name (for internal use) */
#define DIR_RECURSE	256			/* -R (not yet implemented) */

static unsigned char display_fmt = FMT_AUTO;
static unsigned short opts = 0;
static unsigned short column = 0;

#ifdef BB_FEATURE_AUTOWIDTH
static unsigned short terminal_width = 0;
static unsigned short column_width = 0;
static unsigned short toplevel_column_width = 0;
#else
#define terminal_width	TERMINAL_WIDTH
#define column_width	COLUMN_WIDTH
#endif

#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_TIMESTAMPS
static unsigned char time_fmt = TIME_MOD;
#endif

#define wr(data,len) fwrite(data, 1, len, stdout)

static void writenum(long val, short minwidth)
{
	char scratch[128];

	char *p = scratch + sizeof(scratch);
	short len = 0;
	short neg = (val < 0);

	if (neg)
		val = -val;
	do
		*--p = (val % 10) + '0', len++, val /= 10;
	while (val);
	if (neg)
		*--p = '-', len++;
	while (len < minwidth)
		*--p = ' ', len++;
	wr(p, len);
	column += len;
}

static void newline(void)
{
	if (column > 0) {
		wr("\n", 1);
		column = 0;
	}
}

static void tab(short col)
{
	static const char spaces[] = "                ";

#define nspaces ((sizeof spaces)-1)	/* null terminator! */

	short n = col - column;

	if (n > 0) {
		column = col;
		while (n > nspaces) {
			wr(spaces, nspaces);
			n -= nspaces;
		}
		/* must be 1...(sizeof spaces) left */
		wr(spaces, n);
	}
#undef nspaces
}

#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
static char append_char(mode_t mode)
{
	if (!(opts & DISP_FTYPE))
		return '\0';
	if ((opts & DISP_EXEC) && S_ISREG(mode)
		&& (mode & (S_IXUSR | S_IXGRP | S_IXOTH))) return '*';
	return APPCHAR(mode);
}
#endif

/**
 **
 ** Display a file or directory as a single item
 ** (in either long or short format)
 **
 **/

static void list_single(const char *name, struct stat *info,
						const char *fullname)
{
	char scratch[PATH_MAX + 1];
	short len = strlen(name);

#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
	char append = append_char(info->st_mode);
#endif

	if (display_fmt == FMT_LONG) {
		mode_t mode = info->st_mode;

		newline();
		wr(modeString(mode), 10);
		column = 10;
		writenum((long) info->st_nlink, (short) 5);
		fputs(" ", stdout);
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_USERNAME
		if (!(opts & DISP_NUMERIC)) {
			memset(scratch, 0, sizeof(scratch));
			my_getpwuid(scratch, info->st_uid);
			if (*scratch) {
				fputs(scratch, stdout);
				if (strlen(scratch) <= 8)
					wr("          ", 9 - strlen(scratch));
			} else {
				writenum((long) info->st_uid, (short) 8);
				fputs(" ", stdout);
			}
		} else
#endif
		{
			writenum((long) info->st_uid, (short) 8);
			fputs(" ", stdout);
		}
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_USERNAME
		if (!(opts & DISP_NUMERIC)) {
			memset(scratch, 0, sizeof(scratch));
			my_getgrgid(scratch, info->st_gid);
			if (*scratch) {
				fputs(scratch, stdout);
				if (strlen(scratch) <= 8)
					wr("         ", 8 - strlen(scratch));
			} else
				writenum((long) info->st_gid, (short) 8);
		} else
#endif
			writenum((long) info->st_gid, (short) 8);
		//tab(26);
		if (S_ISBLK(mode) || S_ISCHR(mode)) {
			writenum((long) MAJOR(info->st_rdev), (short) 3);
			fputs(", ", stdout);
			writenum((long) MINOR(info->st_rdev), (short) 3);
		} else
			writenum((long) info->st_size, (short) 8);
		fputs(" ", stdout);
		//tab(32);
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_TIMESTAMPS
		{
			time_t cal;
			char *string;

			switch (time_fmt) {
			case TIME_CHANGE:
				cal = info->st_ctime;
				break;
			case TIME_ACCESS:
				cal = info->st_atime;
				break;
			default:
				cal = info->st_mtime;
				break;
			}
			string = ctime(&cal);
			if (opts & DISP_FULLTIME)
				wr(string, 24);
			else {
				time_t age = time(NULL) - cal;

				wr(string + 4, 7);	/* mmm_dd_ */
				if (age < 3600L * 24 * 365 / 2 && age > -15 * 60)
					/* hh:mm if less than 6 months old */
					wr(string + 11, 5);
				else
					/* _yyyy otherwise */
					wr(string + 19, 5);
			}
			wr(" ", 1);
		}
#else
		fputs("--- -- ----- ", stdout);
#endif
		wr(name, len);
		if (S_ISLNK(mode)) {
			wr(" -> ", 4);
			len = readlink(fullname, scratch, sizeof scratch);
			if (len > 0)
				fwrite(scratch, 1, len, stdout);
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
			/* show type of destination */
			if (opts & DISP_FTYPE) {
				if (!stat(fullname, info)) {
					append = append_char(info->st_mode);
					if (append)
						fputc(append, stdout);
				}
			}
#endif
		}
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
		else if (append)
			wr(&append, 1);
#endif
	} else {
		static short nexttab = 0;

		/* sort out column alignment */
		if (column == 0);		/* nothing to do */
		else if (display_fmt == FMT_SINGLE)
			newline();
		else {
			if (nexttab + column_width > terminal_width
#ifndef BB_FEATURE_AUTOWIDTH
				|| nexttab + len >= terminal_width
#endif
				)
				newline();
			else
				tab(nexttab);
		}
		/* work out where next column starts */
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_AUTOWIDTH
		/* we know the calculated width is big enough */
		nexttab = column + column_width + COLUMN_GAP;
#else
		/* might cover more than one fixed-width column */
		nexttab = column;
		do
			nexttab += column_width + COLUMN_GAP;
		while (nexttab < (column + len + COLUMN_GAP));
#endif
		/* now write the data */
		wr(name, len);
		column = column + len;
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
		if (append)
			wr(&append, 1), column++;
#endif
	}
}

/**
 **
 ** List the given file or directory, expanding a directory
 ** to show its contents if required
 **
 **/

static int list_item(const char *name)
{
	struct stat info;
	DIR *dir;
	struct dirent *entry;
	char fullname[MAXNAMLEN + 1], *fnend;

	if (lstat(name, &info))
		goto listerr;

	if (!S_ISDIR(info.st_mode) || (opts & DIR_NOLIST)) {
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_AUTOWIDTH
		column_width = toplevel_column_width;
#endif
		list_single(name, &info, name);
		return 0;
	}

	/* Otherwise, it's a directory we want to list the contents of */

	if (opts & DISP_DIRNAME) {	/* identify the directory */
		if (column)
			wr("\n\n", 2), column = 0;
		wr(name, strlen(name));
		wr(":\n", 2);
	}

	dir = opendir(name);
	if (!dir)
		goto listerr;
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_AUTOWIDTH
	column_width = 0;
	while ((entry = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
		short w = strlen(entry->d_name);

		if (column_width < w)
			column_width = w;
	}
#ifdef HAS_REWINDDIR
	rewinddir(dir);
#else
	closedir(dir);
	dir = opendir(name);
	if (!dir)
		goto listerr;
#endif
#endif

	/* List the contents */

	strcpy(fullname, name);		/* *** ignore '.' by itself */
	fnend = fullname + strlen(fullname);
	if (fnend[-1] != '/')
		*fnend++ = '/';

	while ((entry = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
		const char *en = entry->d_name;

		if (en[0] == '.') {
			if (!en[1] || (en[1] == '.' && !en[2])) {	/* . or .. */
				if (!(opts & DISP_DOT))
					continue;
			} else if (!(opts & DISP_HIDDEN))
				continue;
		}
		/* FIXME: avoid stat if not required */
		strcpy(fnend, entry->d_name);
		if (lstat(fullname, &info))
			goto direrr;		/* (shouldn't fail) */
		list_single(entry->d_name, &info, fullname);
	}
	closedir(dir);

	if (opts & DISP_DIRNAME) {      /* separate the directory */
		if (column) {
			wr("\n", 1);
		}
		wr("\n", 1);
		column = 0;
	}

	return 0;

  direrr:
	closedir(dir);
  listerr:
	newline();
	perror(name);
	return 1;
}

static const char ls_usage[] = "ls [-1a"
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_TIMESTAMPS
	"c"
#endif
	"d"
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_TIMESTAMPS
	"e"
#endif
	"ln"
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
	"p"
#endif
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_TIMESTAMPS
	"u"
#endif
	"xAC"
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
	"F"
#endif
#ifdef FEATURE_RECURSIVE
	"R"
#endif
	"] [filenames...]\n";

extern int ls_main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int argi = 1, i;

	/* process options */
	while (argi < argc && argv[argi][0] == '-') {
		const char *p = &argv[argi][1];

		if (!*p)
			goto print_usage_message;	/* "-" by itself not allowed */
		if (*p == '-') {
			if (!p[1]) {		/* "--" forces end of options */
				argi++;
				break;
			}
			/* it's a long option name - we don't support them */
			goto print_usage_message;
		}

		while (*p)
			switch (*p++) {
			case 'l':
				display_fmt = FMT_LONG;
				break;
			case '1':
				display_fmt = FMT_SINGLE;
				break;
			case 'x':
				display_fmt = FMT_ROWS;
				break;
			case 'C':
				display_fmt = FMT_COLUMNS;
				break;
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_FILETYPES
			case 'p':
				opts |= DISP_FTYPE;
				break;
			case 'F':
				opts |= DISP_FTYPE | DISP_EXEC;
				break;
#endif
			case 'A':
				opts |= DISP_HIDDEN;
				break;
			case 'a':
				opts |= DISP_HIDDEN | DISP_DOT;
				break;
			case 'n':
				opts |= DISP_NUMERIC;
				break;
			case 'd':
				opts |= DIR_NOLIST;
				break;
#ifdef FEATURE_RECURSIVE
			case 'R':
				opts |= DIR_RECURSE;
				break;
#endif
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_LS_TIMESTAMPS
			case 'u':
				time_fmt = TIME_ACCESS;
				break;
			case 'c':
				time_fmt = TIME_CHANGE;
				break;
			case 'e':
				opts |= DISP_FULLTIME;
				break;
#endif
			default:
				goto print_usage_message;
			}

		argi++;
	}

	/* choose a display format */
	if (display_fmt == FMT_AUTO)
		display_fmt = isatty(fileno(stdout)) ? FMT_COLUMNS : FMT_SINGLE;
	if (argi < argc - 1)
		opts |= DISP_DIRNAME;	/* 2 or more items? label directories */
#ifdef BB_FEATURE_AUTOWIDTH
	/* could add a -w option and/or TIOCGWINSZ call */
	if (terminal_width < 1)
		terminal_width = TERMINAL_WIDTH;

	for (i = argi; i < argc; i++) {
		int len = strlen(argv[i]);

		if (toplevel_column_width < len)
			toplevel_column_width = len;
	}
#endif

	/* process files specified, or current directory if none */
	i = 0;
	if (argi == argc)
		i = list_item(".");
	while (argi < argc)
		i |= list_item(argv[argi++]);
	newline();
	exit(i);

  print_usage_message:
	usage(ls_usage);
	exit(FALSE);
}