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/*
 * kexec.c - kexec system call core code.
 * Copyright (C) 2002-2004 Eric Biederman  <ebiederm@xmission.com>
 *
 * This source code is licensed under the GNU General Public License,
 * Version 2.  See the file COPYING for more details.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/pm.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>

#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>

#include <crypto/hash.h>
#include <crypto/sha.h>
#include "kexec_internal.h"

DEFINE_MUTEX(kexec_mutex);

/* Per cpu memory for storing cpu states in case of system crash. */
note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes;

/* vmcoreinfo stuff */
static unsigned char vmcoreinfo_data[VMCOREINFO_BYTES];
u32 vmcoreinfo_note[VMCOREINFO_NOTE_SIZE/4];
size_t vmcoreinfo_size;
size_t vmcoreinfo_max_size = sizeof(vmcoreinfo_data);

/* Flag to indicate we are going to kexec a new kernel */
bool kexec_in_progress = false;


/* Location of the reserved area for the crash kernel */
struct resource crashk_res = {
	.name  = "Crash kernel",
	.start = 0,
	.end   = 0,
	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM
};
struct resource crashk_low_res = {
	.name  = "Crash kernel",
	.start = 0,
	.end   = 0,
	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM
};

int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p)
{
	/*
	 * If crash_kexec_post_notifiers is enabled, don't run
	 * crash_kexec() here yet, which must be run after panic
	 * notifiers in panic().
	 */
	if (crash_kexec_post_notifiers)
		return 0;
	/*
	 * There are 4 panic() calls in do_exit() path, each of which
	 * corresponds to each of these 4 conditions.
	 */
	if (in_interrupt() || !p->pid || is_global_init(p) || panic_on_oops)
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * When kexec transitions to the new kernel there is a one-to-one
 * mapping between physical and virtual addresses.  On processors
 * where you can disable the MMU this is trivial, and easy.  For
 * others it is still a simple predictable page table to setup.
 *
 * In that environment kexec copies the new kernel to its final
 * resting place.  This means I can only support memory whose
 * physical address can fit in an unsigned long.  In particular
 * addresses where (pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) > ULONG_MAX cannot be handled.
 * If the assembly stub has more restrictive requirements
 * KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT and KEXEC_DEST_MEMORY_LIMIT can be
 * defined more restrictively in <asm/kexec.h>.
 *
 * The code for the transition from the current kernel to the
 * the new kernel is placed in the control_code_buffer, whose size
 * is given by KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE.  In the best case only a single
 * page of memory is necessary, but some architectures require more.
 * Because this memory must be identity mapped in the transition from
 * virtual to physical addresses it must live in the range
 * 0 - TASK_SIZE, as only the user space mappings are arbitrarily
 * modifiable.
 *
 * The assembly stub in the control code buffer is passed a linked list
 * of descriptor pages detailing the source pages of the new kernel,
 * and the destination addresses of those source pages.  As this data
 * structure is not used in the context of the current OS, it must
 * be self-contained.
 *
 * The code has been made to work with highmem pages and will use a
 * destination page in its final resting place (if it happens
 * to allocate it).  The end product of this is that most of the
 * physical address space, and most of RAM can be used.
 *
 * Future directions include:
 *  - allocating a page table with the control code buffer identity
 *    mapped, to simplify machine_kexec and make kexec_on_panic more
 *    reliable.
 */

/*
 * KIMAGE_NO_DEST is an impossible destination address..., for
 * allocating pages whose destination address we do not care about.
 */
#define KIMAGE_NO_DEST (-1UL)

static struct page *kimage_alloc_page(struct kimage *image,
				       gfp_t gfp_mask,
				       unsigned long dest);

int sanity_check_segment_list(struct kimage *image)
{
	int result, i;
	unsigned long nr_segments = image->nr_segments;

	/*
	 * Verify we have good destination addresses.  The caller is
	 * responsible for making certain we don't attempt to load
	 * the new image into invalid or reserved areas of RAM.  This
	 * just verifies it is an address we can use.
	 *
	 * Since the kernel does everything in page size chunks ensure
	 * the destination addresses are page aligned.  Too many
	 * special cases crop of when we don't do this.  The most
	 * insidious is getting overlapping destination addresses
	 * simply because addresses are changed to page size
	 * granularity.
	 */
	result = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
	for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
		unsigned long mstart, mend;

		mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
		mend   = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz;
		if ((mstart & ~PAGE_MASK) || (mend & ~PAGE_MASK))
			return result;
		if (mend >= KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT)
			return result;
	}

	/* Verify our destination addresses do not overlap.
	 * If we alloed overlapping destination addresses
	 * through very weird things can happen with no
	 * easy explanation as one segment stops on another.
	 */
	result = -EINVAL;
	for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
		unsigned long mstart, mend;
		unsigned long j;

		mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
		mend   = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz;
		for (j = 0; j < i; j++) {
			unsigned long pstart, pend;

			pstart = image->segment[j].mem;
			pend   = pstart + image->segment[j].memsz;
			/* Do the segments overlap ? */
			if ((mend > pstart) && (mstart < pend))
				return result;
		}
	}

	/* Ensure our buffer sizes are strictly less than
	 * our memory sizes.  This should always be the case,
	 * and it is easier to check up front than to be surprised
	 * later on.
	 */
	result = -EINVAL;
	for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
		if (image->segment[i].bufsz > image->segment[i].memsz)
			return result;
	}

	/*
	 * Verify we have good destination addresses.  Normally
	 * the caller is responsible for making certain we don't
	 * attempt to load the new image into invalid or reserved
	 * areas of RAM.  But crash kernels are preloaded into a
	 * reserved area of ram.  We must ensure the addresses
	 * are in the reserved area otherwise preloading the
	 * kernel could corrupt things.
	 */

	if (image->type == KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH) {
		result = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
		for (i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
			unsigned long mstart, mend;

			mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
			mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz - 1;
			/* Ensure we are within the crash kernel limits */
			if ((mstart < crashk_res.start) ||
			    (mend > crashk_res.end))
				return result;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

struct kimage *do_kimage_alloc_init(void)
{
	struct kimage *image;

	/* Allocate a controlling structure */
	image = kzalloc(sizeof(*image), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!image)
		return NULL;

	image->head = 0;
	image->entry = &image->head;
	image->last_entry = &image->head;
	image->control_page = ~0; /* By default this does not apply */
	image->type = KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT;

	/* Initialize the list of control pages */
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->control_pages);

	/* Initialize the list of destination pages */
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->dest_pages);

	/* Initialize the list of unusable pages */
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->unusable_pages);

	return image;
}

int kimage_is_destination_range(struct kimage *image,
					unsigned long start,
					unsigned long end)
{
	unsigned long i;

	for (i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
		unsigned long mstart, mend;

		mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
		mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz;
		if ((end > mstart) && (start < mend))
			return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}

static struct page *kimage_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
{
	struct page *pages;

	pages = alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order);
	if (pages) {
		unsigned int count, i;

		pages->mapping = NULL;
		set_page_private(pages, order);
		count = 1 << order;
		for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
			SetPageReserved(pages + i);
	}

	return pages;
}

static void kimage_free_pages(struct page *page)
{
	unsigned int order, count, i;

	order = page_private(page);
	count = 1 << order;
	for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
		ClearPageReserved(page + i);
	__free_pages(page, order);
}

void kimage_free_page_list(struct list_head *list)
{
	struct list_head *pos, *next;

	list_for_each_safe(pos, next, list) {
		struct page *page;

		page = list_entry(pos, struct page, lru);
		list_del(&page->lru);
		kimage_free_pages(page);
	}
}

static struct page *kimage_alloc_normal_control_pages(struct kimage *image,
							unsigned int order)
{
	/* Control pages are special, they are the intermediaries
	 * that are needed while we copy the rest of the pages
	 * to their final resting place.  As such they must
	 * not conflict with either the destination addresses
	 * or memory the kernel is already using.
	 *
	 * The only case where we really need more than one of
	 * these are for architectures where we cannot disable
	 * the MMU and must instead generate an identity mapped
	 * page table for all of the memory.
	 *
	 * At worst this runs in O(N) of the image size.
	 */
	struct list_head extra_pages;
	struct page *pages;
	unsigned int count;

	count = 1 << order;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&extra_pages);

	/* Loop while I can allocate a page and the page allocated
	 * is a destination page.
	 */
	do {
		unsigned long pfn, epfn, addr, eaddr;

		pages = kimage_alloc_pages(KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP, order);
		if (!pages)
			break;
		pfn   = page_to_pfn(pages);
		epfn  = pfn + count;
		addr  = pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
		eaddr = epfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
		if ((epfn >= (KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT >> PAGE_SHIFT)) ||
			      kimage_is_destination_range(image, addr, eaddr)) {
			list_add(&pages->lru, &extra_pages);
			pages = NULL;
		}
	} while (!pages);

	if (pages) {
		/* Remember the allocated page... */
		list_add(&pages->lru, &image->control_pages);

		/* Because the page is already in it's destination
		 * location we will never allocate another page at
		 * that address.  Therefore kimage_alloc_pages
		 * will not return it (again) and we don't need
		 * to give it an entry in image->segment[].
		 */
	}
	/* Deal with the destination pages I have inadvertently allocated.
	 *
	 * Ideally I would convert multi-page allocations into single
	 * page allocations, and add everything to image->dest_pages.
	 *
	 * For now it is simpler to just free the pages.
	 */
	kimage_free_page_list(&extra_pages);

	return pages;
}

static struct page *kimage_alloc_crash_control_pages(struct kimage *image,
						      unsigned int order)
{
	/* Control pages are special, they are the intermediaries
	 * that are needed while we copy the rest of the pages
	 * to their final resting place.  As such they must
	 * not conflict with either the destination addresses
	 * or memory the kernel is already using.
	 *
	 * Control pages are also the only pags we must allocate
	 * when loading a crash kernel.  All of the other pages
	 * are specified by the segments and we just memcpy
	 * into them directly.
	 *
	 * The only case where we really need more than one of
	 * these are for architectures where we cannot disable
	 * the MMU and must instead generate an identity mapped
	 * page table for all of the memory.
	 *
	 * Given the low demand this implements a very simple
	 * allocator that finds the first hole of the appropriate
	 * size in the reserved memory region, and allocates all
	 * of the memory up to and including the hole.
	 */
	unsigned long hole_start, hole_end, size;
	struct page *pages;

	pages = NULL;
	size = (1 << order) << PAGE_SHIFT;
	hole_start = (image->control_page + (size - 1)) & ~(size - 1);
	hole_end   = hole_start + size - 1;
	while (hole_end <= crashk_res.end) {
		unsigned long i;

		if (hole_end > KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT)
			break;
		/* See if I overlap any of the segments */
		for (i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
			unsigned long mstart, mend;

			mstart = image->segment[i].mem;
			mend   = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz - 1;
			if ((hole_end >= mstart) && (hole_start <= mend)) {
				/* Advance the hole to the end of the segment */
				hole_start = (mend + (size - 1)) & ~(size - 1);
				hole_end   = hole_start + size - 1;
				break;
			}
		}
		/* If I don't overlap any segments I have found my hole! */
		if (i == image->nr_segments) {
			pages = pfn_to_page(hole_start >> PAGE_SHIFT);
			image->control_page = hole_end;
			break;
		}
	}

	return pages;
}


struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image,
					 unsigned int order)
{
	struct page *pages = NULL;

	switch (image->type) {
	case KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT:
		pages = kimage_alloc_normal_control_pages(image, order);
		break;
	case KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH:
		pages = kimage_alloc_crash_control_pages(image, order);
		break;
	}

	return pages;
}

static int kimage_add_entry(struct kimage *image, kimage_entry_t entry)
{
	if (*image->entry != 0)
		image->entry++;

	if (image->entry == image->last_entry) {
		kimage_entry_t *ind_page;
		struct page *page;

		page = kimage_alloc_page(image, GFP_KERNEL, KIMAGE_NO_DEST);
		if (!page)
			return -ENOMEM;

		ind_page = page_address(page);
		*image->entry = virt_to_phys(ind_page) | IND_INDIRECTION;
		image->entry = ind_page;
		image->last_entry = ind_page +
				      ((PAGE_SIZE/sizeof(kimage_entry_t)) - 1);
	}
	*image->entry = entry;
	image->entry++;
	*image->entry = 0;

	return 0;
}

static int kimage_set_destination(struct kimage *image,
				   unsigned long destination)
{
	int result;

	destination &= PAGE_MASK;
	result = kimage_add_entry(image, destination | IND_DESTINATION);

	return result;
}


static int kimage_add_page(struct kimage *image, unsigned long page)
{
	int result;

	page &= PAGE_MASK;
	result = kimage_add_entry(image, page | IND_SOURCE);

	return result;
}


static void kimage_free_extra_pages(struct kimage *image)
{
	/* Walk through and free any extra destination pages I may have */
	kimage_free_page_list(&image->dest_pages);

	/* Walk through and free any unusable pages I have cached */
	kimage_free_page_list(&image->unusable_pages);

}
void kimage_terminate(struct kimage *image)
{
	if (*image->entry != 0)
		image->entry++;

	*image->entry = IND_DONE;
}

#define for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) \
	for (ptr = &image->head; (entry = *ptr) && !(entry & IND_DONE); \
		ptr = (entry & IND_INDIRECTION) ? \
			phys_to_virt((entry & PAGE_MASK)) : ptr + 1)

static void kimage_free_entry(kimage_entry_t entry)
{
	struct page *page;

	page = pfn_to_page(entry >> PAGE_SHIFT);
	kimage_free_pages(page);
}

void kimage_free(struct kimage *image)
{
	kimage_entry_t *ptr, entry;
	kimage_entry_t ind = 0;

	if (!image)
		return;

	kimage_free_extra_pages(image);
	for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) {
		if (entry & IND_INDIRECTION) {
			/* Free the previous indirection page */
			if (ind & IND_INDIRECTION)
				kimage_free_entry(ind);
			/* Save this indirection page until we are
			 * done with it.
			 */
			ind = entry;
		} else if (entry & IND_SOURCE)
			kimage_free_entry(entry);
	}
	/* Free the final indirection page */
	if (ind & IND_INDIRECTION)
		kimage_free_entry(ind);

	/* Handle any machine specific cleanup */
	machine_kexec_cleanup(image);

	/* Free the kexec control pages... */
	kimage_free_page_list(&image->control_pages);

	/*
	 * Free up any temporary buffers allocated. This might hit if
	 * error occurred much later after buffer allocation.
	 */
	if (image->file_mode)
		kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(image);

	kfree(image);
}

static kimage_entry_t *kimage_dst_used(struct kimage *image,
					unsigned long page)
{
	kimage_entry_t *ptr, entry;
	unsigned long destination = 0;

	for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) {
		if (entry & IND_DESTINATION)
			destination = entry & PAGE_MASK;
		else if (entry & IND_SOURCE) {
			if (page == destination)
				return ptr;
			destination += PAGE_SIZE;
		}
	}

	return NULL;
}

static struct page *kimage_alloc_page(struct kimage *image,
					gfp_t gfp_mask,
					unsigned long destination)
{
	/*
	 * Here we implement safeguards to ensure that a source page
	 * is not copied to its destination page before the data on
	 * the destination page is no longer useful.
	 *
	 * To do this we maintain the invariant that a source page is
	 * either its own destination page, or it is not a
	 * destination page at all.
	 *
	 * That is slightly stronger than required, but the proof
	 * that no problems will not occur is trivial, and the
	 * implementation is simply to verify.
	 *
	 * When allocating all pages normally this algorithm will run
	 * in O(N) time, but in the worst case it will run in O(N^2)
	 * time.   If the runtime is a problem the data structures can
	 * be fixed.
	 */
	struct page *page;
	unsigned long addr;

	/*
	 * Walk through the list of destination pages, and see if I
	 * have a match.
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(page, &image->dest_pages, lru) {
		addr = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
		if (addr == destination) {
			list_del(&page->lru);
			return page;
		}
	}
	page = NULL;
	while (1) {
		kimage_entry_t *old;

		/* Allocate a page, if we run out of memory give up */
		page = kimage_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0);
		if (!page)
			return NULL;
		/* If the page cannot be used file it away */
		if (page_to_pfn(page) >
				(KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT >> PAGE_SHIFT)) {
			list_add(&page->lru, &image->unusable_pages);
			continue;
		}
		addr = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;

		/* If it is the destination page we want use it */
		if (addr == destination)
			break;

		/* If the page is not a destination page use it */
		if (!kimage_is_destination_range(image, addr,
						  addr + PAGE_SIZE))
			break;

		/*
		 * I know that the page is someones destination page.
		 * See if there is already a source page for this
		 * destination page.  And if so swap the source pages.
		 */
		old = kimage_dst_used(image, addr);
		if (old) {
			/* If so move it */
			unsigned long old_addr;
			struct page *old_page;

			old_addr = *old & PAGE_MASK;
			old_page = pfn_to_page(old_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
			copy_highpage(page, old_page);
			*old = addr | (*old & ~PAGE_MASK);

			/* The old page I have found cannot be a
			 * destination page, so return it if it's
			 * gfp_flags honor the ones passed in.
			 */
			if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_HIGHMEM) &&
			    PageHighMem(old_page)) {
				kimage_free_pages(old_page);
				continue;
			}
			addr = old_addr;
			page = old_page;
			break;
		}
		/* Place the page on the destination list, to be used later */
		list_add(&page->lru, &image->dest_pages);
	}

	return page;
}

static int kimage_load_normal_segment(struct kimage *image,
					 struct kexec_segment *segment)
{
	unsigned long maddr;
	size_t ubytes, mbytes;
	int result;
	unsigned char __user *buf = NULL;
	unsigned char *kbuf = NULL;

	result = 0;
	if (image->file_mode)
		kbuf = segment->kbuf;
	else
		buf = segment->buf;
	ubytes = segment->bufsz;
	mbytes = segment->memsz;
	maddr = segment->mem;

	result = kimage_set_destination(image, maddr);
	if (result < 0)
		goto out;

	while (mbytes) {
		struct page *page;
		char *ptr;
		size_t uchunk, mchunk;

		page = kimage_alloc_page(image, GFP_HIGHUSER, maddr);
		if (!page) {
			result  = -ENOMEM;
			goto out;
		}
		result = kimage_add_page(image, page_to_pfn(page)
								<< PAGE_SHIFT);
		if (result < 0)
			goto out;

		ptr = kmap(page);
		/* Start with a clear page */
		clear_page(ptr);
		ptr += maddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
		mchunk = min_t(size_t, mbytes,
				PAGE_SIZE - (maddr & ~PAGE_MASK));
		uchunk = min(ubytes, mchunk);

		/* For file based kexec, source pages are in kernel memory */
		if (image->file_mode)
			memcpy(ptr, kbuf, uchunk);
		else
			result = copy_from_user(ptr, buf, uchunk);
		kunmap(page);
		if (result) {
			result = -EFAULT;
			goto out;
		}
		ubytes -= uchunk;
		maddr  += mchunk;
		if (image->file_mode)
			kbuf += mchunk;
		else
			buf += mchunk;
		mbytes -= mchunk;
	}
out:
	return result;
}

static int kimage_load_crash_segment(struct kimage *image,
					struct kexec_segment *segment)
{
	/* For crash dumps kernels we simply copy the data from
	 * user space to it's destination.
	 * We do things a page at a time for the sake of kmap.
	 */
	unsigned long maddr;
	size_t ubytes, mbytes;
	int result;
	unsigned char __user *buf = NULL;
	unsigned char *kbuf = NULL;

	result = 0;
	if (image->file_mode)
		kbuf = segment->kbuf;
	else
		buf = segment->buf;
	ubytes = segment->bufsz;
	mbytes = segment->memsz;
	maddr = segment->mem;
	while (mbytes) {
		struct page *page;
		char *ptr;
		size_t uchunk, mchunk;

		page = pfn_to_page(maddr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
		if (!page) {
			result  = -ENOMEM;
			goto out;
		}
		ptr = kmap(page);
		ptr += maddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
		mchunk = min_t(size_t, mbytes,
				PAGE_SIZE - (maddr & ~PAGE_MASK));
		uchunk = min(ubytes, mchunk);
		if (mchunk > uchunk) {
			/* Zero the trailing part of the page */
			memset(ptr + uchunk, 0, mchunk - uchunk);
		}

		/* For file based kexec, source pages are in kernel memory */
		if (image->file_mode)
			memcpy(ptr, kbuf, uchunk);
		else
			result = copy_from_user(ptr, buf, uchunk);
		kexec_flush_icache_page(page);
		kunmap(page);
		if (result) {
			result = -EFAULT;
			goto out;
		}
		ubytes -= uchunk;
		maddr  += mchunk;
		if (image->file_mode)
			kbuf += mchunk;
		else
			buf += mchunk;
		mbytes -= mchunk;
	}
out:
	return result;
}

int kimage_load_segment(struct kimage *image,
				struct kexec_segment *segment)
{
	int result = -ENOMEM;

	switch (image->type) {
	case KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT:
		result = kimage_load_normal_segment(image, segment);
		break;
	case KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH:
		result = kimage_load_crash_segment(image, segment);
		break;
	}

	return result;
}

struct kimage *kexec_image;
struct kimage *kexec_crash_image;
int kexec_load_disabled;

void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	/* Take the kexec_mutex here to prevent sys_kexec_load
	 * running on one cpu from replacing the crash kernel
	 * we are using after a panic on a different cpu.
	 *
	 * If the crash kernel was not located in a fixed area
	 * of memory the xchg(&kexec_crash_image) would be
	 * sufficient.  But since I reuse the memory...
	 */
	if (mutex_trylock(&kexec_mutex)) {
		if (kexec_crash_image) {
			struct pt_regs fixed_regs;

			crash_setup_regs(&fixed_regs, regs);
			crash_save_vmcoreinfo();
			machine_crash_shutdown(&fixed_regs);
			machine_kexec(kexec_crash_image);
		}
		mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
	}
}

size_t crash_get_memory_size(void)
{
	size_t size = 0;

	mutex_lock(&kexec_mutex);
	if (crashk_res.end != crashk_res.start)
		size = resource_size(&crashk_res);
	mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
	return size;
}

void __weak crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin,
					   unsigned long end)
{
	unsigned long addr;

	for (addr = begin; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE)
		free_reserved_page(pfn_to_page(addr >> PAGE_SHIFT));
}

int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size)
{
	int ret = 0;
	unsigned long start, end;
	unsigned long old_size;
	struct resource *ram_res;

	mutex_lock(&kexec_mutex);

	if (kexec_crash_image) {
		ret = -ENOENT;
		goto unlock;
	}
	start = crashk_res.start;
	end = crashk_res.end;
	old_size = (end == 0) ? 0 : end - start + 1;
	if (new_size >= old_size) {
		ret = (new_size == old_size) ? 0 : -EINVAL;
		goto unlock;
	}

	ram_res = kzalloc(sizeof(*ram_res), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!ram_res) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto unlock;
	}

	start = roundup(start, KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN);
	end = roundup(start + new_size, KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN);

	crash_map_reserved_pages();
	crash_free_reserved_phys_range(end, crashk_res.end);

	if ((start == end) && (crashk_res.parent != NULL))
		release_resource(&crashk_res);

	ram_res->start = end;
	ram_res->end = crashk_res.end;
	ram_res->flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM;
	ram_res->name = "System RAM";

	crashk_res.end = end - 1;

	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, ram_res);
	crash_unmap_reserved_pages();

unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
	return ret;
}

static u32 *append_elf_note(u32 *buf, char *name, unsigned type, void *data,
			    size_t data_len)
{
	struct elf_note note;

	note.n_namesz = strlen(name) + 1;
	note.n_descsz = data_len;
	note.n_type   = type;
	memcpy(buf, &note, sizeof(note));
	buf += (sizeof(note) + 3)/4;
	memcpy(buf, name, note.n_namesz);
	buf += (note.n_namesz + 3)/4;
	memcpy(buf, data, note.n_descsz);
	buf += (note.n_descsz + 3)/4;

	return buf;
}

static void final_note(u32 *buf)
{
	struct elf_note note;

	note.n_namesz = 0;
	note.n_descsz = 0;
	note.n_type   = 0;
	memcpy(buf, &note, sizeof(note));
}

void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu)
{
	struct elf_prstatus prstatus;
	u32 *buf;

	if ((cpu < 0) || (cpu >= nr_cpu_ids))
		return;

	/* Using ELF notes here is opportunistic.
	 * I need a well defined structure format
	 * for the data I pass, and I need tags
	 * on the data to indicate what information I have
	 * squirrelled away.  ELF notes happen to provide
	 * all of that, so there is no need to invent something new.
	 */
	buf = (u32 *)per_cpu_ptr(crash_notes, cpu);
	if (!buf)
		return;
	memset(&prstatus, 0, sizeof(prstatus));
	prstatus.pr_pid = current->pid;
	elf_core_copy_kernel_regs(&prstatus.pr_reg, regs);
	buf = append_elf_note(buf, KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME, NT_PRSTATUS,
			      &prstatus, sizeof(prstatus));
	final_note(buf);
}

static int __init crash_notes_memory_init(void)
{
	/* Allocate memory for saving cpu registers. */
	size_t size, align;

	/*
	 * crash_notes could be allocated across 2 vmalloc pages when percpu
	 * is vmalloc based . vmalloc doesn't guarantee 2 continuous vmalloc
	 * pages are also on 2 continuous physical pages. In this case the
	 * 2nd part of crash_notes in 2nd page could be lost since only the
	 * starting address and size of crash_notes are exported through sysfs.
	 * Here round up the size of crash_notes to the nearest power of two
	 * and pass it to __alloc_percpu as align value. This can make sure
	 * crash_notes is allocated inside one physical page.
	 */
	size = sizeof(note_buf_t);
	align = min(roundup_pow_of_two(sizeof(note_buf_t)), PAGE_SIZE);

	/*
	 * Break compile if size is bigger than PAGE_SIZE since crash_notes
	 * definitely will be in 2 pages with that.
	 */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE);

	crash_notes = __alloc_percpu(size, align);
	if (!crash_notes) {
		pr_warn("Memory allocation for saving cpu register states failed\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	return 0;
}
subsys_initcall(crash_notes_memory_init);


/*
 * parsing the "crashkernel" commandline
 *
 * this code is intended to be called from architecture specific code
 */


/*
 * This function parses command lines in the format
 *
 *   crashkernel=ramsize-range:size[,...][@offset]
 *
 * The function returns 0 on success and -EINVAL on failure.
 */
static int __init parse_crashkernel_mem(char *cmdline,
					unsigned long long system_ram,
					unsigned long long *crash_size,
					unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
	char *cur = cmdline, *tmp;

	/* for each entry of the comma-separated list */
	do {
		unsigned long long start, end = ULLONG_MAX, size;

		/* get the start of the range */
		start = memparse(cur, &tmp);
		if (cur == tmp) {
			pr_warn("crashkernel: Memory value expected\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		cur = tmp;
		if (*cur != '-') {
			pr_warn("crashkernel: '-' expected\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		cur++;

		/* if no ':' is here, than we read the end */
		if (*cur != ':') {
			end = memparse(cur, &tmp);
			if (cur == tmp) {
				pr_warn("crashkernel: Memory value expected\n");
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			cur = tmp;
			if (end <= start) {
				pr_warn("crashkernel: end <= start\n");
				return -EINVAL;
			}
		}

		if (*cur != ':') {
			pr_warn("crashkernel: ':' expected\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		cur++;

		size = memparse(cur, &tmp);
		if (cur == tmp) {
			pr_warn("Memory value expected\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		cur = tmp;
		if (size >= system_ram) {
			pr_warn("crashkernel: invalid size\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		/* match ? */
		if (system_ram >= start && system_ram < end) {
			*crash_size = size;
			break;
		}
	} while (*cur++ == ',');

	if (*crash_size > 0) {
		while (*cur && *cur != ' ' && *cur != '@')
			cur++;
		if (*cur == '@') {
			cur++;
			*crash_base = memparse(cur, &tmp);
			if (cur == tmp) {
				pr_warn("Memory value expected after '@'\n");
				return -EINVAL;
			}
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * That function parses "simple" (old) crashkernel command lines like
 *
 *	crashkernel=size[@offset]
 *
 * It returns 0 on success and -EINVAL on failure.
 */
static int __init parse_crashkernel_simple(char *cmdline,
					   unsigned long long *crash_size,
					   unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
	char *cur = cmdline;

	*crash_size = memparse(cmdline, &cur);
	if (cmdline == cur) {
		pr_warn("crashkernel: memory value expected\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (*cur == '@')
		*crash_base = memparse(cur+1, &cur);
	else if (*cur != ' ' && *cur != '\0') {
		pr_warn("crashkernel: unrecognized char: %c\n", *cur);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return 0;
}

#define SUFFIX_HIGH 0
#define SUFFIX_LOW  1
#define SUFFIX_NULL 2
static __initdata char *suffix_tbl[] = {
	[SUFFIX_HIGH] = ",high",
	[SUFFIX_LOW]  = ",low",
	[SUFFIX_NULL] = NULL,
};

/*
 * That function parses "suffix"  crashkernel command lines like
 *
 *	crashkernel=size,[high|low]
 *
 * It returns 0 on success and -EINVAL on failure.
 */
static int __init parse_crashkernel_suffix(char *cmdline,
					   unsigned long long	*crash_size,
					   const char *suffix)
{
	char *cur = cmdline;

	*crash_size = memparse(cmdline, &cur);
	if (cmdline == cur) {
		pr_warn("crashkernel: memory value expected\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* check with suffix */
	if (strncmp(cur, suffix, strlen(suffix))) {
		pr_warn("crashkernel: unrecognized char: %c\n", *cur);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	cur += strlen(suffix);
	if (*cur != ' ' && *cur != '\0') {
		pr_warn("crashkernel: unrecognized char: %c\n", *cur);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return 0;
}

static __init char *get_last_crashkernel(char *cmdline,
			     const char *name,
			     const char *suffix)
{
	char *p = cmdline, *ck_cmdline = NULL;

	/* find crashkernel and use the last one if there are more */
	p = strstr(p, name);
	while (p) {
		char *end_p = strchr(p, ' ');
		char *q;

		if (!end_p)
			end_p = p + strlen(p);

		if (!suffix) {
			int i;

			/* skip the one with any known suffix */
			for (i = 0; suffix_tbl[i]; i++) {
				q = end_p - strlen(suffix_tbl[i]);
				if (!strncmp(q, suffix_tbl[i],
					     strlen(suffix_tbl[i])))
					goto next;
			}
			ck_cmdline = p;
		} else {
			q = end_p - strlen(suffix);
			if (!strncmp(q, suffix, strlen(suffix)))
				ck_cmdline = p;
		}
next:
		p = strstr(p+1, name);
	}

	if (!ck_cmdline)
		return NULL;

	return ck_cmdline;
}

static int __init __parse_crashkernel(char *cmdline,
			     unsigned long long system_ram,
			     unsigned long long *crash_size,
			     unsigned long long *crash_base,
			     const char *name,
			     const char *suffix)
{
	char	*first_colon, *first_space;
	char	*ck_cmdline;

	BUG_ON(!crash_size || !crash_base);
	*crash_size = 0;
	*crash_base = 0;

	ck_cmdline = get_last_crashkernel(cmdline, name, suffix);

	if (!ck_cmdline)
		return -EINVAL;

	ck_cmdline += strlen(name);

	if (suffix)
		return parse_crashkernel_suffix(ck_cmdline, crash_size,
				suffix);
	/*
	 * if the commandline contains a ':', then that's the extended
	 * syntax -- if not, it must be the classic syntax
	 */
	first_colon = strchr(ck_cmdline, ':');
	first_space = strchr(ck_cmdline, ' ');
	if (first_colon && (!first_space || first_colon < first_space))
		return parse_crashkernel_mem(ck_cmdline, system_ram,
				crash_size, crash_base);

	return parse_crashkernel_simple(ck_cmdline, crash_size, crash_base);
}

/*
 * That function is the entry point for command line parsing and should be
 * called from the arch-specific code.
 */
int __init parse_crashkernel(char *cmdline,
			     unsigned long long system_ram,
			     unsigned long long *crash_size,
			     unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
	return __parse_crashkernel(cmdline, system_ram, crash_size, crash_base,
					"crashkernel=", NULL);
}

int __init parse_crashkernel_high(char *cmdline,
			     unsigned long long system_ram,
			     unsigned long long *crash_size,
			     unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
	return __parse_crashkernel(cmdline, system_ram, crash_size, crash_base,
				"crashkernel=", suffix_tbl[SUFFIX_HIGH]);
}

int __init parse_crashkernel_low(char *cmdline,
			     unsigned long long system_ram,
			     unsigned long long *crash_size,
			     unsigned long long *crash_base)
{
	return __parse_crashkernel(cmdline, system_ram, crash_size, crash_base,
				"crashkernel=", suffix_tbl[SUFFIX_LOW]);
}

static void update_vmcoreinfo_note(void)
{
	u32 *buf = vmcoreinfo_note;

	if (!vmcoreinfo_size)
		return;
	buf = append_elf_note(buf, VMCOREINFO_NOTE_NAME, 0, vmcoreinfo_data,
			      vmcoreinfo_size);
	final_note(buf);
}

void crash_save_vmcoreinfo(void)
{
	vmcoreinfo_append_str("CRASHTIME=%ld\n", get_seconds());
	update_vmcoreinfo_note();
}

void vmcoreinfo_append_str(const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list args;
	char buf[0x50];
	size_t r;

	va_start(args, fmt);
	r = vscnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
	va_end(args);

	r = min(r, vmcoreinfo_max_size - vmcoreinfo_size);

	memcpy(&vmcoreinfo_data[vmcoreinfo_size], buf, r);

	vmcoreinfo_size += r;
}

/*
 * provide an empty default implementation here -- architecture
 * code may override this
 */
void __weak arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo(void)
{}

unsigned long __weak paddr_vmcoreinfo_note(void)
{
	return __pa((unsigned long)(char *)&vmcoreinfo_note);
}

static int __init crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init(void)
{
	VMCOREINFO_OSRELEASE(init_uts_ns.name.release);
	VMCOREINFO_PAGESIZE(PAGE_SIZE);

	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(init_uts_ns);
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(node_online_map);
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(swapper_pg_dir);
#endif
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(_stext);
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(vmap_area_list);

#ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(mem_map);
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(contig_page_data);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(mem_section);
	VMCOREINFO_LENGTH(mem_section, NR_SECTION_ROOTS);
	VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(mem_section);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(mem_section, section_mem_map);
#endif
	VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(page);
	VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(pglist_data);
	VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(zone);
	VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(free_area);
	VMCOREINFO_STRUCT_SIZE(list_head);
	VMCOREINFO_SIZE(nodemask_t);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, flags);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, _count);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, mapping);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, lru);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, _mapcount);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, private);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_zones);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, nr_zones);
#ifdef CONFIG_FLAT_NODE_MEM_MAP
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_mem_map);
#endif
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_start_pfn);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_spanned_pages);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_id);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(zone, free_area);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(zone, vm_stat);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(zone, spanned_pages);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(free_area, free_list);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(list_head, next);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(list_head, prev);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(vmap_area, va_start);
	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(vmap_area, list);
	VMCOREINFO_LENGTH(zone.free_area, MAX_ORDER);
	log_buf_kexec_setup();
	VMCOREINFO_LENGTH(free_area.free_list, MIGRATE_TYPES);
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(NR_FREE_PAGES);
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_lru);
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_private);
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_swapcache);
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_slab);
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_hwpoison);
#endif
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_head_mask);
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86
	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
	VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(free_huge_page);
#endif

	arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo();
	update_vmcoreinfo_note();

	return 0;
}

subsys_initcall(crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init);

/*
 * Move into place and start executing a preloaded standalone
 * executable.  If nothing was preloaded return an error.
 */
int kernel_kexec(void)
{
	int error = 0;

	if (!mutex_trylock(&kexec_mutex))
		return -EBUSY;
	if (!kexec_image) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto Unlock;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP
	if (kexec_image->preserve_context) {
		lock_system_sleep();
		pm_prepare_console();
		error = freeze_processes();
		if (error) {
			error = -EBUSY;
			goto Restore_console;
		}
		suspend_console();
		error = dpm_suspend_start(PMSG_FREEZE);
		if (error)
			goto Resume_console;
		/* At this point, dpm_suspend_start() has been called,
		 * but *not* dpm_suspend_end(). We *must* call
		 * dpm_suspend_end() now.  Otherwise, drivers for
		 * some devices (e.g. interrupt controllers) become
		 * desynchronized with the actual state of the
		 * hardware at resume time, and evil weirdness ensues.
		 */
		error = dpm_suspend_end(PMSG_FREEZE);
		if (error)
			goto Resume_devices;
		error = disable_nonboot_cpus();
		if (error)
			goto Enable_cpus;
		local_irq_disable();
		error = syscore_suspend();
		if (error)
			goto Enable_irqs;
	} else
#endif
	{
		kexec_in_progress = true;
		kernel_restart_prepare(NULL);
		migrate_to_reboot_cpu();

		/*
		 * migrate_to_reboot_cpu() disables CPU hotplug assuming that
		 * no further code needs to use CPU hotplug (which is true in
		 * the reboot case). However, the kexec path depends on using
		 * CPU hotplug again; so re-enable it here.
		 */
		cpu_hotplug_enable();
		pr_emerg("Starting new kernel\n");
		machine_shutdown();
	}

	machine_kexec(kexec_image);

#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP
	if (kexec_image->preserve_context) {
		syscore_resume();
 Enable_irqs:
		local_irq_enable();
 Enable_cpus:
		enable_nonboot_cpus();
		dpm_resume_start(PMSG_RESTORE);
 Resume_devices:
		dpm_resume_end(PMSG_RESTORE);
 Resume_console:
		resume_console();
		thaw_processes();
 Restore_console:
		pm_restore_console();
		unlock_system_sleep();
	}
#endif

 Unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&kexec_mutex);
	return error;
}

/*
 * Add and remove page tables for crashkernel memory
 *
 * Provide an empty default implementation here -- architecture
 * code may override this
 */
void __weak crash_map_reserved_pages(void)
{}

void __weak crash_unmap_reserved_pages(void)
{}