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/*  Kernel module help for PPC.
    Copyright (C) 2001 Rusty Russell.

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
*/

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleloader.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/sort.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>

/* Count how many different relocations (different symbol, different
   addend) */
static unsigned int count_relocs(const Elf32_Rela *rela, unsigned int num)
{
	unsigned int i, r_info, r_addend, _count_relocs;

	_count_relocs = 0;
	r_info = 0;
	r_addend = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
		/* Only count 24-bit relocs, others don't need stubs */
		if (ELF32_R_TYPE(rela[i].r_info) == R_PPC_REL24 &&
		    (r_info != ELF32_R_SYM(rela[i].r_info) ||
		     r_addend != rela[i].r_addend)) {
			_count_relocs++;
			r_info = ELF32_R_SYM(rela[i].r_info);
			r_addend = rela[i].r_addend;
		}

#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
	_count_relocs++;	/* add one for ftrace_caller */
#endif
	return _count_relocs;
}

static int relacmp(const void *_x, const void *_y)
{
	const Elf32_Rela *x, *y;

	y = (Elf32_Rela *)_x;
	x = (Elf32_Rela *)_y;

	/* Compare the entire r_info (as opposed to ELF32_R_SYM(r_info) only) to
	 * make the comparison cheaper/faster. It won't affect the sorting or
	 * the counting algorithms' performance
	 */
	if (x->r_info < y->r_info)
		return -1;
	else if (x->r_info > y->r_info)
		return 1;
	else if (x->r_addend < y->r_addend)
		return -1;
	else if (x->r_addend > y->r_addend)
		return 1;
	else
		return 0;
}

static void relaswap(void *_x, void *_y, int size)
{
	uint32_t *x, *y, tmp;
	int i;

	y = (uint32_t *)_x;
	x = (uint32_t *)_y;

	for (i = 0; i < sizeof(Elf32_Rela) / sizeof(uint32_t); i++) {
		tmp = x[i];
		x[i] = y[i];
		y[i] = tmp;
	}
}

/* Get the potential trampolines size required of the init and
   non-init sections */
static unsigned long get_plt_size(const Elf32_Ehdr *hdr,
				  const Elf32_Shdr *sechdrs,
				  const char *secstrings,
				  int is_init)
{
	unsigned long ret = 0;
	unsigned i;

	/* Everything marked ALLOC (this includes the exported
           symbols) */
	for (i = 1; i < hdr->e_shnum; i++) {
		/* If it's called *.init*, and we're not init, we're
                   not interested */
		if ((strstr(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".init") != 0)
		    != is_init)
			continue;

		/* We don't want to look at debug sections. */
		if (strstr(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".debug") != 0)
			continue;

		if (sechdrs[i].sh_type == SHT_RELA) {
			pr_debug("Found relocations in section %u\n", i);
			pr_debug("Ptr: %p.  Number: %u\n",
			       (void *)hdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset,
			       sechdrs[i].sh_size / sizeof(Elf32_Rela));

			/* Sort the relocation information based on a symbol and
			 * addend key. This is a stable O(n*log n) complexity
			 * alogrithm but it will reduce the complexity of
			 * count_relocs() to linear complexity O(n)
			 */
			sort((void *)hdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset,
			     sechdrs[i].sh_size / sizeof(Elf32_Rela),
			     sizeof(Elf32_Rela), relacmp, relaswap);

			ret += count_relocs((void *)hdr
					     + sechdrs[i].sh_offset,
					     sechdrs[i].sh_size
					     / sizeof(Elf32_Rela))
				* sizeof(struct ppc_plt_entry);
		}
	}

	return ret;
}

int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf32_Ehdr *hdr,
			      Elf32_Shdr *sechdrs,
			      char *secstrings,
			      struct module *me)
{
	unsigned int i;

	/* Find .plt and .init.plt sections */
	for (i = 0; i < hdr->e_shnum; i++) {
		if (strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".init.plt") == 0)
			me->arch.init_plt_section = i;
		else if (strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".plt") == 0)
			me->arch.core_plt_section = i;
	}
	if (!me->arch.core_plt_section || !me->arch.init_plt_section) {
		pr_err("Module doesn't contain .plt or .init.plt sections.\n");
		return -ENOEXEC;
	}

	/* Override their sizes */
	sechdrs[me->arch.core_plt_section].sh_size
		= get_plt_size(hdr, sechdrs, secstrings, 0);
	sechdrs[me->arch.init_plt_section].sh_size
		= get_plt_size(hdr, sechdrs, secstrings, 1);
	return 0;
}

static inline int entry_matches(struct ppc_plt_entry *entry, Elf32_Addr val)
{
	if (entry->jump[0] == 0x3d800000 + ((val + 0x8000) >> 16)
	    && entry->jump[1] == 0x398c0000 + (val & 0xffff))
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

/* Set up a trampoline in the PLT to bounce us to the distant function */
static uint32_t do_plt_call(void *location,
			    Elf32_Addr val,
			    Elf32_Shdr *sechdrs,
			    struct module *mod)
{
	struct ppc_plt_entry *entry;

	pr_debug("Doing plt for call to 0x%x at 0x%x\n", val, (unsigned int)location);
	/* Init, or core PLT? */
	if (location >= mod->module_core
	    && location < mod->module_core + mod->core_size)
		entry = (void *)sechdrs[mod->arch.core_plt_section].sh_addr;
	else
		entry = (void *)sechdrs[mod->arch.init_plt_section].sh_addr;

	/* Find this entry, or if that fails, the next avail. entry */
	while (entry->jump[0]) {
		if (entry_matches(entry, val)) return (uint32_t)entry;
		entry++;
	}

	entry->jump[0] = 0x3d800000+((val+0x8000)>>16); /* lis r12,sym@ha */
	entry->jump[1] = 0x398c0000 + (val&0xffff);     /* addi r12,r12,sym@l*/
	entry->jump[2] = 0x7d8903a6;                    /* mtctr r12 */
	entry->jump[3] = 0x4e800420;			/* bctr */

	pr_debug("Initialized plt for 0x%x at %p\n", val, entry);
	return (uint32_t)entry;
}

int apply_relocate_add(Elf32_Shdr *sechdrs,
		       const char *strtab,
		       unsigned int symindex,
		       unsigned int relsec,
		       struct module *module)
{
	unsigned int i;
	Elf32_Rela *rela = (void *)sechdrs[relsec].sh_addr;
	Elf32_Sym *sym;
	uint32_t *location;
	uint32_t value;

	pr_debug("Applying ADD relocate section %u to %u\n", relsec,
	       sechdrs[relsec].sh_info);
	for (i = 0; i < sechdrs[relsec].sh_size / sizeof(*rela); i++) {
		/* This is where to make the change */
		location = (void *)sechdrs[sechdrs[relsec].sh_info].sh_addr
			+ rela[i].r_offset;
		/* This is the symbol it is referring to.  Note that all
		   undefined symbols have been resolved.  */
		sym = (Elf32_Sym *)sechdrs[symindex].sh_addr
			+ ELF32_R_SYM(rela[i].r_info);
		/* `Everything is relative'. */
		value = sym->st_value + rela[i].r_addend;

		switch (ELF32_R_TYPE(rela[i].r_info)) {
		case R_PPC_ADDR32:
			/* Simply set it */
			*(uint32_t *)location = value;
			break;

		case R_PPC_ADDR16_LO:
			/* Low half of the symbol */
			*(uint16_t *)location = value;
			break;

		case R_PPC_ADDR16_HI:
			/* Higher half of the symbol */
			*(uint16_t *)location = (value >> 16);
			break;

		case R_PPC_ADDR16_HA:
			/* Sign-adjusted lower 16 bits: PPC ELF ABI says:
			   (((x >> 16) + ((x & 0x8000) ? 1 : 0))) & 0xFFFF.
			   This is the same, only sane.
			 */
			*(uint16_t *)location = (value + 0x8000) >> 16;
			break;

		case R_PPC_REL24:
			if ((int)(value - (uint32_t)location) < -0x02000000
			    || (int)(value - (uint32_t)location) >= 0x02000000)
				value = do_plt_call(location, value,
						    sechdrs, module);

			/* Only replace bits 2 through 26 */
			pr_debug("REL24 value = %08X. location = %08X\n",
			       value, (uint32_t)location);
			pr_debug("Location before: %08X.\n",
			       *(uint32_t *)location);
			*(uint32_t *)location
				= (*(uint32_t *)location & ~0x03fffffc)
				| ((value - (uint32_t)location)
				   & 0x03fffffc);
			pr_debug("Location after: %08X.\n",
			       *(uint32_t *)location);
			pr_debug("ie. jump to %08X+%08X = %08X\n",
			       *(uint32_t *)location & 0x03fffffc,
			       (uint32_t)location,
			       (*(uint32_t *)location & 0x03fffffc)
			       + (uint32_t)location);
			break;

		case R_PPC_REL32:
			/* 32-bit relative jump. */
			*(uint32_t *)location = value - (uint32_t)location;
			break;

		default:
			pr_err("%s: unknown ADD relocation: %u\n",
			       module->name,
			       ELF32_R_TYPE(rela[i].r_info));
			return -ENOEXEC;
		}
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
	module->arch.tramp =
		do_plt_call(module->module_core,
			    (unsigned long)ftrace_caller,
			    sechdrs, module);
#endif
	return 0;
}