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/*
 * This is a module which is used for setting the MSS option in TCP packets.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Marc Boucher <marc@mbsi.ca>
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/ipv6.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <net/dst.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
#include <net/ipv6.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>

#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4/ip_tables.h>
#include <linux/netfilter_ipv6/ip6_tables.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/xt_tcpudp.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/xt_TCPMSS.h>

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Marc Boucher <marc@mbsi.ca>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xtables: TCP Maximum Segment Size (MSS) adjustment");
MODULE_ALIAS("ipt_TCPMSS");
MODULE_ALIAS("ip6t_TCPMSS");

static inline unsigned int
optlen(const u_int8_t *opt, unsigned int offset)
{
	/* Beware zero-length options: make finite progress */
	if (opt[offset] <= TCPOPT_NOP || opt[offset+1] == 0)
		return 1;
	else
		return opt[offset+1];
}

static u_int32_t tcpmss_reverse_mtu(struct net *net,
				    const struct sk_buff *skb,
				    unsigned int family)
{
	struct flowi fl;
	const struct nf_afinfo *ai;
	struct rtable *rt = NULL;
	u_int32_t mtu     = ~0U;

	if (family == PF_INET) {
		struct flowi4 *fl4 = &fl.u.ip4;
		memset(fl4, 0, sizeof(*fl4));
		fl4->daddr = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr;
	} else {
		struct flowi6 *fl6 = &fl.u.ip6;

		memset(fl6, 0, sizeof(*fl6));
		fl6->daddr = ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr;
	}
	rcu_read_lock();
	ai = nf_get_afinfo(family);
	if (ai != NULL)
		ai->route(net, (struct dst_entry **)&rt, &fl, false);
	rcu_read_unlock();

	if (rt != NULL) {
		mtu = dst_mtu(&rt->dst);
		dst_release(&rt->dst);
	}
	return mtu;
}

static int
tcpmss_mangle_packet(struct sk_buff *skb,
		     const struct xt_action_param *par,
		     unsigned int family,
		     unsigned int tcphoff,
		     unsigned int minlen)
{
	const struct xt_tcpmss_info *info = par->targinfo;
	struct tcphdr *tcph;
	int len, tcp_hdrlen;
	unsigned int i;
	__be16 oldval;
	u16 newmss;
	u8 *opt;

	/* This is a fragment, no TCP header is available */
	if (par->fragoff != 0)
		return 0;

	if (!skb_make_writable(skb, skb->len))
		return -1;

	len = skb->len - tcphoff;
	if (len < (int)sizeof(struct tcphdr))
		return -1;

	tcph = (struct tcphdr *)(skb_network_header(skb) + tcphoff);
	tcp_hdrlen = tcph->doff * 4;

	if (len < tcp_hdrlen)
		return -1;

	if (info->mss == XT_TCPMSS_CLAMP_PMTU) {
		struct net *net = dev_net(par->in ? par->in : par->out);
		unsigned int in_mtu = tcpmss_reverse_mtu(net, skb, family);

		if (dst_mtu(skb_dst(skb)) <= minlen) {
			net_err_ratelimited("unknown or invalid path-MTU (%u)\n",
					    dst_mtu(skb_dst(skb)));
			return -1;
		}
		if (in_mtu <= minlen) {
			net_err_ratelimited("unknown or invalid path-MTU (%u)\n",
					    in_mtu);
			return -1;
		}
		newmss = min(dst_mtu(skb_dst(skb)), in_mtu) - minlen;
	} else
		newmss = info->mss;

	opt = (u_int8_t *)tcph;
	for (i = sizeof(struct tcphdr); i <= tcp_hdrlen - TCPOLEN_MSS; i += optlen(opt, i)) {
		if (opt[i] == TCPOPT_MSS && opt[i+1] == TCPOLEN_MSS) {
			u_int16_t oldmss;

			oldmss = (opt[i+2] << 8) | opt[i+3];

			/* Never increase MSS, even when setting it, as
			 * doing so results in problems for hosts that rely
			 * on MSS being set correctly.
			 */
			if (oldmss <= newmss)
				return 0;

			opt[i+2] = (newmss & 0xff00) >> 8;
			opt[i+3] = newmss & 0x00ff;

			inet_proto_csum_replace2(&tcph->check, skb,
						 htons(oldmss), htons(newmss),
						 0);
			return 0;
		}
	}

	/* There is data after the header so the option can't be added
	 * without moving it, and doing so may make the SYN packet
	 * itself too large. Accept the packet unmodified instead.
	 */
	if (len > tcp_hdrlen)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * MSS Option not found ?! add it..
	 */
	if (skb_tailroom(skb) < TCPOLEN_MSS) {
		if (pskb_expand_head(skb, 0,
				     TCPOLEN_MSS - skb_tailroom(skb),
				     GFP_ATOMIC))
			return -1;
		tcph = (struct tcphdr *)(skb_network_header(skb) + tcphoff);
	}

	skb_put(skb, TCPOLEN_MSS);

	/*
	 * IPv4: RFC 1122 states "If an MSS option is not received at
	 * connection setup, TCP MUST assume a default send MSS of 536".
	 * IPv6: RFC 2460 states IPv6 has a minimum MTU of 1280 and a minimum
	 * length IPv6 header of 60, ergo the default MSS value is 1220
	 * Since no MSS was provided, we must use the default values
	 */
	if (par->family == NFPROTO_IPV4)
		newmss = min(newmss, (u16)536);
	else
		newmss = min(newmss, (u16)1220);

	opt = (u_int8_t *)tcph + sizeof(struct tcphdr);
	memmove(opt + TCPOLEN_MSS, opt, len - sizeof(struct tcphdr));

	inet_proto_csum_replace2(&tcph->check, skb,
				 htons(len), htons(len + TCPOLEN_MSS), 1);
	opt[0] = TCPOPT_MSS;
	opt[1] = TCPOLEN_MSS;
	opt[2] = (newmss & 0xff00) >> 8;
	opt[3] = newmss & 0x00ff;

	inet_proto_csum_replace4(&tcph->check, skb, 0, *((__be32 *)opt), 0);

	oldval = ((__be16 *)tcph)[6];
	tcph->doff += TCPOLEN_MSS/4;
	inet_proto_csum_replace2(&tcph->check, skb,
				 oldval, ((__be16 *)tcph)[6], 0);
	return TCPOLEN_MSS;
}

static unsigned int
tcpmss_tg4(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *par)
{
	struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb);
	__be16 newlen;
	int ret;

	ret = tcpmss_mangle_packet(skb, par,
				   PF_INET,
				   iph->ihl * 4,
				   sizeof(*iph) + sizeof(struct tcphdr));
	if (ret < 0)
		return NF_DROP;
	if (ret > 0) {
		iph = ip_hdr(skb);
		newlen = htons(ntohs(iph->tot_len) + ret);
		csum_replace2(&iph->check, iph->tot_len, newlen);
		iph->tot_len = newlen;
	}
	return XT_CONTINUE;
}

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP6_NF_IPTABLES)
static unsigned int
tcpmss_tg6(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *par)
{
	struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h = ipv6_hdr(skb);
	u8 nexthdr;
	__be16 frag_off;
	int tcphoff;
	int ret;

	nexthdr = ipv6h->nexthdr;
	tcphoff = ipv6_skip_exthdr(skb, sizeof(*ipv6h), &nexthdr, &frag_off);
	if (tcphoff < 0)
		return NF_DROP;
	ret = tcpmss_mangle_packet(skb, par,
				   PF_INET6,
				   tcphoff,
				   sizeof(*ipv6h) + sizeof(struct tcphdr));
	if (ret < 0)
		return NF_DROP;
	if (ret > 0) {
		ipv6h = ipv6_hdr(skb);
		ipv6h->payload_len = htons(ntohs(ipv6h->payload_len) + ret);
	}
	return XT_CONTINUE;
}
#endif

/* Must specify -p tcp --syn */
static inline bool find_syn_match(const struct xt_entry_match *m)
{
	const struct xt_tcp *tcpinfo = (const struct xt_tcp *)m->data;

	if (strcmp(m->u.kernel.match->name, "tcp") == 0 &&
	    tcpinfo->flg_cmp & TCPHDR_SYN &&
	    !(tcpinfo->invflags & XT_TCP_INV_FLAGS))
		return true;

	return false;
}

static int tcpmss_tg4_check(const struct xt_tgchk_param *par)
{
	const struct xt_tcpmss_info *info = par->targinfo;
	const struct ipt_entry *e = par->entryinfo;
	const struct xt_entry_match *ematch;

	if (info->mss == XT_TCPMSS_CLAMP_PMTU &&
	    (par->hook_mask & ~((1 << NF_INET_FORWARD) |
			   (1 << NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT) |
			   (1 << NF_INET_POST_ROUTING))) != 0) {
		pr_info("path-MTU clamping only supported in "
			"FORWARD, OUTPUT and POSTROUTING hooks\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e)
		if (find_syn_match(ematch))
			return 0;
	pr_info("Only works on TCP SYN packets\n");
	return -EINVAL;
}

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP6_NF_IPTABLES)
static int tcpmss_tg6_check(const struct xt_tgchk_param *par)
{
	const struct xt_tcpmss_info *info = par->targinfo;
	const struct ip6t_entry *e = par->entryinfo;
	const struct xt_entry_match *ematch;

	if (info->mss == XT_TCPMSS_CLAMP_PMTU &&
	    (par->hook_mask & ~((1 << NF_INET_FORWARD) |
			   (1 << NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT) |
			   (1 << NF_INET_POST_ROUTING))) != 0) {
		pr_info("path-MTU clamping only supported in "
			"FORWARD, OUTPUT and POSTROUTING hooks\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e)
		if (find_syn_match(ematch))
			return 0;
	pr_info("Only works on TCP SYN packets\n");
	return -EINVAL;
}
#endif

static struct xt_target tcpmss_tg_reg[] __read_mostly = {
	{
		.family		= NFPROTO_IPV4,
		.name		= "TCPMSS",
		.checkentry	= tcpmss_tg4_check,
		.target		= tcpmss_tg4,
		.targetsize	= sizeof(struct xt_tcpmss_info),
		.proto		= IPPROTO_TCP,
		.me		= THIS_MODULE,
	},
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP6_NF_IPTABLES)
	{
		.family		= NFPROTO_IPV6,
		.name		= "TCPMSS",
		.checkentry	= tcpmss_tg6_check,
		.target		= tcpmss_tg6,
		.targetsize	= sizeof(struct xt_tcpmss_info),
		.proto		= IPPROTO_TCP,
		.me		= THIS_MODULE,
	},
#endif
};

static int __init tcpmss_tg_init(void)
{
	return xt_register_targets(tcpmss_tg_reg, ARRAY_SIZE(tcpmss_tg_reg));
}

static void __exit tcpmss_tg_exit(void)
{
	xt_unregister_targets(tcpmss_tg_reg, ARRAY_SIZE(tcpmss_tg_reg));
}

module_init(tcpmss_tg_init);
module_exit(tcpmss_tg_exit);