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/*
 * File:	drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
 * Enabling PCIe link L0s/L1 state and Clock Power Management
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Intel
 * Copyright (C) Zhang Yanmin (yanmin.zhang@intel.com)
 * Copyright (C) Shaohua Li (shaohua.li@intel.com)
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/pci_regs.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/pm.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/pci-aspm.h>
#include "../pci.h"

#ifdef MODULE_PARAM_PREFIX
#undef MODULE_PARAM_PREFIX
#endif
#define MODULE_PARAM_PREFIX "pcie_aspm."

/* Note: those are not register definitions */
#define ASPM_STATE_L0S_UP	(1)	/* Upstream direction L0s state */
#define ASPM_STATE_L0S_DW	(2)	/* Downstream direction L0s state */
#define ASPM_STATE_L1		(4)	/* L1 state */
#define ASPM_STATE_L0S		(ASPM_STATE_L0S_UP | ASPM_STATE_L0S_DW)
#define ASPM_STATE_ALL		(ASPM_STATE_L0S | ASPM_STATE_L1)

struct aspm_latency {
	u32 l0s;			/* L0s latency (nsec) */
	u32 l1;				/* L1 latency (nsec) */
};

struct pcie_link_state {
	struct pci_dev *pdev;		/* Upstream component of the Link */
	struct pcie_link_state *root;	/* pointer to the root port link */
	struct pcie_link_state *parent;	/* pointer to the parent Link state */
	struct list_head sibling;	/* node in link_list */
	struct list_head children;	/* list of child link states */
	struct list_head link;		/* node in parent's children list */

	/* ASPM state */
	u32 aspm_support:3;		/* Supported ASPM state */
	u32 aspm_enabled:3;		/* Enabled ASPM state */
	u32 aspm_capable:3;		/* Capable ASPM state with latency */
	u32 aspm_default:3;		/* Default ASPM state by BIOS */
	u32 aspm_disable:3;		/* Disabled ASPM state */

	/* Clock PM state */
	u32 clkpm_capable:1;		/* Clock PM capable? */
	u32 clkpm_enabled:1;		/* Current Clock PM state */
	u32 clkpm_default:1;		/* Default Clock PM state by BIOS */

	/* Exit latencies */
	struct aspm_latency latency_up;	/* Upstream direction exit latency */
	struct aspm_latency latency_dw;	/* Downstream direction exit latency */
	/*
	 * Endpoint acceptable latencies. A pcie downstream port only
	 * has one slot under it, so at most there are 8 functions.
	 */
	struct aspm_latency acceptable[8];
};

static int aspm_disabled, aspm_force;
static bool aspm_support_enabled = true;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(aspm_lock);
static LIST_HEAD(link_list);

#define POLICY_DEFAULT 0	/* BIOS default setting */
#define POLICY_PERFORMANCE 1	/* high performance */
#define POLICY_POWERSAVE 2	/* high power saving */

#ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM_PERFORMANCE
static int aspm_policy = POLICY_PERFORMANCE;
#elif defined CONFIG_PCIEASPM_POWERSAVE
static int aspm_policy = POLICY_POWERSAVE;
#else
static int aspm_policy;
#endif

static const char *policy_str[] = {
	[POLICY_DEFAULT] = "default",
	[POLICY_PERFORMANCE] = "performance",
	[POLICY_POWERSAVE] = "powersave"
};

#define LINK_RETRAIN_TIMEOUT HZ

static int policy_to_aspm_state(struct pcie_link_state *link)
{
	switch (aspm_policy) {
	case POLICY_PERFORMANCE:
		/* Disable ASPM and Clock PM */
		return 0;
	case POLICY_POWERSAVE:
		/* Enable ASPM L0s/L1 */
		return ASPM_STATE_ALL;
	case POLICY_DEFAULT:
		return link->aspm_default;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int policy_to_clkpm_state(struct pcie_link_state *link)
{
	switch (aspm_policy) {
	case POLICY_PERFORMANCE:
		/* Disable ASPM and Clock PM */
		return 0;
	case POLICY_POWERSAVE:
		/* Disable Clock PM */
		return 1;
	case POLICY_DEFAULT:
		return link->clkpm_default;
	}
	return 0;
}

static void pcie_set_clkpm_nocheck(struct pcie_link_state *link, int enable)
{
	struct pci_dev *child;
	struct pci_bus *linkbus = link->pdev->subordinate;

	list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list) {
		if (enable)
			pcie_capability_set_word(child, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL,
						 PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_CLKREQ_EN);
		else
			pcie_capability_clear_word(child, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL,
						   PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_CLKREQ_EN);
	}
	link->clkpm_enabled = !!enable;
}

static void pcie_set_clkpm(struct pcie_link_state *link, int enable)
{
	/* Don't enable Clock PM if the link is not Clock PM capable */
	if (!link->clkpm_capable && enable)
		enable = 0;
	/* Need nothing if the specified equals to current state */
	if (link->clkpm_enabled == enable)
		return;
	pcie_set_clkpm_nocheck(link, enable);
}

static void pcie_clkpm_cap_init(struct pcie_link_state *link, int blacklist)
{
	int capable = 1, enabled = 1;
	u32 reg32;
	u16 reg16;
	struct pci_dev *child;
	struct pci_bus *linkbus = link->pdev->subordinate;

	/* All functions should have the same cap and state, take the worst */
	list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list) {
		pcie_capability_read_dword(child, PCI_EXP_LNKCAP, &reg32);
		if (!(reg32 & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP_CLKPM)) {
			capable = 0;
			enabled = 0;
			break;
		}
		pcie_capability_read_word(child, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, &reg16);
		if (!(reg16 & PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_CLKREQ_EN))
			enabled = 0;
	}
	link->clkpm_enabled = enabled;
	link->clkpm_default = enabled;
	link->clkpm_capable = (blacklist) ? 0 : capable;
}

/*
 * pcie_aspm_configure_common_clock: check if the 2 ends of a link
 *   could use common clock. If they are, configure them to use the
 *   common clock. That will reduce the ASPM state exit latency.
 */
static void pcie_aspm_configure_common_clock(struct pcie_link_state *link)
{
	int same_clock = 1;
	u16 reg16, parent_reg, child_reg[8];
	unsigned long start_jiffies;
	struct pci_dev *child, *parent = link->pdev;
	struct pci_bus *linkbus = parent->subordinate;
	/*
	 * All functions of a slot should have the same Slot Clock
	 * Configuration, so just check one function
	 */
	child = list_entry(linkbus->devices.next, struct pci_dev, bus_list);
	BUG_ON(!pci_is_pcie(child));

	/* Check downstream component if bit Slot Clock Configuration is 1 */
	pcie_capability_read_word(child, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &reg16);
	if (!(reg16 & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_SLC))
		same_clock = 0;

	/* Check upstream component if bit Slot Clock Configuration is 1 */
	pcie_capability_read_word(parent, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &reg16);
	if (!(reg16 & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_SLC))
		same_clock = 0;

	/* Configure downstream component, all functions */
	list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list) {
		pcie_capability_read_word(child, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, &reg16);
		child_reg[PCI_FUNC(child->devfn)] = reg16;
		if (same_clock)
			reg16 |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_CCC;
		else
			reg16 &= ~PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_CCC;
		pcie_capability_write_word(child, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, reg16);
	}

	/* Configure upstream component */
	pcie_capability_read_word(parent, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, &reg16);
	parent_reg = reg16;
	if (same_clock)
		reg16 |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_CCC;
	else
		reg16 &= ~PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_CCC;
	pcie_capability_write_word(parent, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, reg16);

	/* Retrain link */
	reg16 |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_RL;
	pcie_capability_write_word(parent, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, reg16);

	/* Wait for link training end. Break out after waiting for timeout */
	start_jiffies = jiffies;
	for (;;) {
		pcie_capability_read_word(parent, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &reg16);
		if (!(reg16 & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_LT))
			break;
		if (time_after(jiffies, start_jiffies + LINK_RETRAIN_TIMEOUT))
			break;
		msleep(1);
	}
	if (!(reg16 & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_LT))
		return;

	/* Training failed. Restore common clock configurations */
	dev_err(&parent->dev, "ASPM: Could not configure common clock\n");
	list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list)
		pcie_capability_write_word(child, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL,
					   child_reg[PCI_FUNC(child->devfn)]);
	pcie_capability_write_word(parent, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, parent_reg);
}

/* Convert L0s latency encoding to ns */
static u32 calc_l0s_latency(u32 encoding)
{
	if (encoding == 0x7)
		return (5 * 1000);	/* > 4us */
	return (64 << encoding);
}

/* Convert L0s acceptable latency encoding to ns */
static u32 calc_l0s_acceptable(u32 encoding)
{
	if (encoding == 0x7)
		return -1U;
	return (64 << encoding);
}

/* Convert L1 latency encoding to ns */
static u32 calc_l1_latency(u32 encoding)
{
	if (encoding == 0x7)
		return (65 * 1000);	/* > 64us */
	return (1000 << encoding);
}

/* Convert L1 acceptable latency encoding to ns */
static u32 calc_l1_acceptable(u32 encoding)
{
	if (encoding == 0x7)
		return -1U;
	return (1000 << encoding);
}

struct aspm_register_info {
	u32 support:2;
	u32 enabled:2;
	u32 latency_encoding_l0s;
	u32 latency_encoding_l1;
};

static void pcie_get_aspm_reg(struct pci_dev *pdev,
			      struct aspm_register_info *info)
{
	u16 reg16;
	u32 reg32;

	pcie_capability_read_dword(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKCAP, &reg32);
	info->support = (reg32 & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP_ASPMS) >> 10;
	info->latency_encoding_l0s = (reg32 & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP_L0SEL) >> 12;
	info->latency_encoding_l1  = (reg32 & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP_L1EL) >> 15;
	pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, &reg16);
	info->enabled = reg16 & PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_ASPMC;
}

static void pcie_aspm_check_latency(struct pci_dev *endpoint)
{
	u32 latency, l1_switch_latency = 0;
	struct aspm_latency *acceptable;
	struct pcie_link_state *link;

	/* Device not in D0 doesn't need latency check */
	if ((endpoint->current_state != PCI_D0) &&
	    (endpoint->current_state != PCI_UNKNOWN))
		return;

	link = endpoint->bus->self->link_state;
	acceptable = &link->acceptable[PCI_FUNC(endpoint->devfn)];

	while (link) {
		/* Check upstream direction L0s latency */
		if ((link->aspm_capable & ASPM_STATE_L0S_UP) &&
		    (link->latency_up.l0s > acceptable->l0s))
			link->aspm_capable &= ~ASPM_STATE_L0S_UP;

		/* Check downstream direction L0s latency */
		if ((link->aspm_capable & ASPM_STATE_L0S_DW) &&
		    (link->latency_dw.l0s > acceptable->l0s))
			link->aspm_capable &= ~ASPM_STATE_L0S_DW;
		/*
		 * Check L1 latency.
		 * Every switch on the path to root complex need 1
		 * more microsecond for L1. Spec doesn't mention L0s.
		 */
		latency = max_t(u32, link->latency_up.l1, link->latency_dw.l1);
		if ((link->aspm_capable & ASPM_STATE_L1) &&
		    (latency + l1_switch_latency > acceptable->l1))
			link->aspm_capable &= ~ASPM_STATE_L1;
		l1_switch_latency += 1000;

		link = link->parent;
	}
}

static void pcie_aspm_cap_init(struct pcie_link_state *link, int blacklist)
{
	struct pci_dev *child, *parent = link->pdev;
	struct pci_bus *linkbus = parent->subordinate;
	struct aspm_register_info upreg, dwreg;

	if (blacklist) {
		/* Set enabled/disable so that we will disable ASPM later */
		link->aspm_enabled = ASPM_STATE_ALL;
		link->aspm_disable = ASPM_STATE_ALL;
		return;
	}

	/* Configure common clock before checking latencies */
	pcie_aspm_configure_common_clock(link);

	/* Get upstream/downstream components' register state */
	pcie_get_aspm_reg(parent, &upreg);
	child = list_entry(linkbus->devices.next, struct pci_dev, bus_list);
	pcie_get_aspm_reg(child, &dwreg);

	/*
	 * Setup L0s state
	 *
	 * Note that we must not enable L0s in either direction on a
	 * given link unless components on both sides of the link each
	 * support L0s.
	 */
	if (dwreg.support & upreg.support & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L0S)
		link->aspm_support |= ASPM_STATE_L0S;
	if (dwreg.enabled & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L0S)
		link->aspm_enabled |= ASPM_STATE_L0S_UP;
	if (upreg.enabled & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L0S)
		link->aspm_enabled |= ASPM_STATE_L0S_DW;
	link->latency_up.l0s = calc_l0s_latency(upreg.latency_encoding_l0s);
	link->latency_dw.l0s = calc_l0s_latency(dwreg.latency_encoding_l0s);

	/* Setup L1 state */
	if (upreg.support & dwreg.support & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L1)
		link->aspm_support |= ASPM_STATE_L1;
	if (upreg.enabled & dwreg.enabled & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L1)
		link->aspm_enabled |= ASPM_STATE_L1;
	link->latency_up.l1 = calc_l1_latency(upreg.latency_encoding_l1);
	link->latency_dw.l1 = calc_l1_latency(dwreg.latency_encoding_l1);

	/* Save default state */
	link->aspm_default = link->aspm_enabled;

	/* Setup initial capable state. Will be updated later */
	link->aspm_capable = link->aspm_support;
	/*
	 * If the downstream component has pci bridge function, don't
	 * do ASPM for now.
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list) {
		if (pci_pcie_type(child) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_PCI_BRIDGE) {
			link->aspm_disable = ASPM_STATE_ALL;
			break;
		}
	}

	/* Get and check endpoint acceptable latencies */
	list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list) {
		u32 reg32, encoding;
		struct aspm_latency *acceptable =
			&link->acceptable[PCI_FUNC(child->devfn)];

		if (pci_pcie_type(child) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ENDPOINT &&
		    pci_pcie_type(child) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_LEG_END)
			continue;

		pcie_capability_read_dword(child, PCI_EXP_DEVCAP, &reg32);
		/* Calculate endpoint L0s acceptable latency */
		encoding = (reg32 & PCI_EXP_DEVCAP_L0S) >> 6;
		acceptable->l0s = calc_l0s_acceptable(encoding);
		/* Calculate endpoint L1 acceptable latency */
		encoding = (reg32 & PCI_EXP_DEVCAP_L1) >> 9;
		acceptable->l1 = calc_l1_acceptable(encoding);

		pcie_aspm_check_latency(child);
	}
}

static void pcie_config_aspm_dev(struct pci_dev *pdev, u32 val)
{
	pcie_capability_clear_and_set_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL,
					   PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_ASPMC, val);
}

static void pcie_config_aspm_link(struct pcie_link_state *link, u32 state)
{
	u32 upstream = 0, dwstream = 0;
	struct pci_dev *child, *parent = link->pdev;
	struct pci_bus *linkbus = parent->subordinate;

	/* Nothing to do if the link is already in the requested state */
	state &= (link->aspm_capable & ~link->aspm_disable);
	if (link->aspm_enabled == state)
		return;
	/* Convert ASPM state to upstream/downstream ASPM register state */
	if (state & ASPM_STATE_L0S_UP)
		dwstream |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_ASPM_L0S;
	if (state & ASPM_STATE_L0S_DW)
		upstream |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_ASPM_L0S;
	if (state & ASPM_STATE_L1) {
		upstream |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_ASPM_L1;
		dwstream |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_ASPM_L1;
	}
	/*
	 * Spec 2.0 suggests all functions should be configured the
	 * same setting for ASPM. Enabling ASPM L1 should be done in
	 * upstream component first and then downstream, and vice
	 * versa for disabling ASPM L1. Spec doesn't mention L0S.
	 */
	if (state & ASPM_STATE_L1)
		pcie_config_aspm_dev(parent, upstream);
	list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list)
		pcie_config_aspm_dev(child, dwstream);
	if (!(state & ASPM_STATE_L1))
		pcie_config_aspm_dev(parent, upstream);

	link->aspm_enabled = state;
}

static void pcie_config_aspm_path(struct pcie_link_state *link)
{
	while (link) {
		pcie_config_aspm_link(link, policy_to_aspm_state(link));
		link = link->parent;
	}
}

static void free_link_state(struct pcie_link_state *link)
{
	link->pdev->link_state = NULL;
	kfree(link);
}

static int pcie_aspm_sanity_check(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pci_dev *child;
	u32 reg32;

	/*
	 * Some functions in a slot might not all be PCIe functions,
	 * very strange. Disable ASPM for the whole slot
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(child, &pdev->subordinate->devices, bus_list) {
		if (!pci_is_pcie(child))
			return -EINVAL;

		/*
		 * If ASPM is disabled then we're not going to change
		 * the BIOS state. It's safe to continue even if it's a
		 * pre-1.1 device
		 */

		if (aspm_disabled)
			continue;

		/*
		 * Disable ASPM for pre-1.1 PCIe device, we follow MS to use
		 * RBER bit to determine if a function is 1.1 version device
		 */
		pcie_capability_read_dword(child, PCI_EXP_DEVCAP, &reg32);
		if (!(reg32 & PCI_EXP_DEVCAP_RBER) && !aspm_force) {
			dev_info(&child->dev, "disabling ASPM on pre-1.1 PCIe device.  You can enable it with 'pcie_aspm=force'\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static struct pcie_link_state *alloc_pcie_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pcie_link_state *link;

	link = kzalloc(sizeof(*link), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!link)
		return NULL;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&link->sibling);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&link->children);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&link->link);
	link->pdev = pdev;
	if (pci_pcie_type(pdev) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM) {
		struct pcie_link_state *parent;
		parent = pdev->bus->parent->self->link_state;
		if (!parent) {
			kfree(link);
			return NULL;
		}
		link->parent = parent;
		list_add(&link->link, &parent->children);
	}
	/* Setup a pointer to the root port link */
	if (!link->parent)
		link->root = link;
	else
		link->root = link->parent->root;

	list_add(&link->sibling, &link_list);
	pdev->link_state = link;
	return link;
}

/*
 * pcie_aspm_init_link_state: Initiate PCI express link state.
 * It is called after the pcie and its children devices are scanned.
 * @pdev: the root port or switch downstream port
 */
void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pcie_link_state *link;
	int blacklist = !!pcie_aspm_sanity_check(pdev);

	if (!aspm_support_enabled)
		return;

	if (!pci_is_pcie(pdev) || pdev->link_state)
		return;
	if (pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT &&
	    pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM)
		return;

	/* VIA has a strange chipset, root port is under a bridge */
	if (pci_pcie_type(pdev) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT &&
	    pdev->bus->self)
		return;

	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	if (list_empty(&pdev->subordinate->devices))
		goto out;

	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	link = alloc_pcie_link_state(pdev);
	if (!link)
		goto unlock;
	/*
	 * Setup initial ASPM state. Note that we need to configure
	 * upstream links also because capable state of them can be
	 * update through pcie_aspm_cap_init().
	 */
	pcie_aspm_cap_init(link, blacklist);

	/* Setup initial Clock PM state */
	pcie_clkpm_cap_init(link, blacklist);

	/*
	 * At this stage drivers haven't had an opportunity to change the
	 * link policy setting. Enabling ASPM on broken hardware can cripple
	 * it even before the driver has had a chance to disable ASPM, so
	 * default to a safe level right now. If we're enabling ASPM beyond
	 * the BIOS's expectation, we'll do so once pci_enable_device() is
	 * called.
	 */
	if (aspm_policy != POLICY_POWERSAVE) {
		pcie_config_aspm_path(link);
		pcie_set_clkpm(link, policy_to_clkpm_state(link));
	}

unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
out:
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
}

/* Recheck latencies and update aspm_capable for links under the root */
static void pcie_update_aspm_capable(struct pcie_link_state *root)
{
	struct pcie_link_state *link;
	BUG_ON(root->parent);
	list_for_each_entry(link, &link_list, sibling) {
		if (link->root != root)
			continue;
		link->aspm_capable = link->aspm_support;
	}
	list_for_each_entry(link, &link_list, sibling) {
		struct pci_dev *child;
		struct pci_bus *linkbus = link->pdev->subordinate;
		if (link->root != root)
			continue;
		list_for_each_entry(child, &linkbus->devices, bus_list) {
			if ((pci_pcie_type(child) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ENDPOINT) &&
			    (pci_pcie_type(child) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_LEG_END))
				continue;
			pcie_aspm_check_latency(child);
		}
	}
}

/* @pdev: the endpoint device */
void pcie_aspm_exit_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pci_dev *parent = pdev->bus->self;
	struct pcie_link_state *link, *root, *parent_link;

	if (!parent || !parent->link_state)
		return;

	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	/*
	 * All PCIe functions are in one slot, remove one function will remove
	 * the whole slot, so just wait until we are the last function left.
	 */
	if (!list_is_last(&pdev->bus_list, &parent->subordinate->devices))
		goto out;

	link = parent->link_state;
	root = link->root;
	parent_link = link->parent;

	/* All functions are removed, so just disable ASPM for the link */
	pcie_config_aspm_link(link, 0);
	list_del(&link->sibling);
	list_del(&link->link);
	/* Clock PM is for endpoint device */
	free_link_state(link);

	/* Recheck latencies and configure upstream links */
	if (parent_link) {
		pcie_update_aspm_capable(root);
		pcie_config_aspm_path(parent_link);
	}
out:
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
}

/* @pdev: the root port or switch downstream port */
void pcie_aspm_pm_state_change(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pcie_link_state *link = pdev->link_state;

	if (aspm_disabled || !pci_is_pcie(pdev) || !link)
		return;
	if ((pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT) &&
	    (pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM))
		return;
	/*
	 * Devices changed PM state, we should recheck if latency
	 * meets all functions' requirement
	 */
	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	pcie_update_aspm_capable(link->root);
	pcie_config_aspm_path(link);
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
}

void pcie_aspm_powersave_config_link(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pcie_link_state *link = pdev->link_state;

	if (aspm_disabled || !pci_is_pcie(pdev) || !link)
		return;

	if (aspm_policy != POLICY_POWERSAVE)
		return;

	if ((pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT) &&
	    (pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM))
		return;

	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	pcie_config_aspm_path(link);
	pcie_set_clkpm(link, policy_to_clkpm_state(link));
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
}

static void __pci_disable_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev, int state, bool sem,
				     bool force)
{
	struct pci_dev *parent = pdev->bus->self;
	struct pcie_link_state *link;

	if (!pci_is_pcie(pdev))
		return;

	if (pci_pcie_type(pdev) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT ||
	    pci_pcie_type(pdev) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM)
		parent = pdev;
	if (!parent || !parent->link_state)
		return;

	/*
	 * A driver requested that ASPM be disabled on this device, but
	 * if we don't have permission to manage ASPM (e.g., on ACPI
	 * systems we have to observe the FADT ACPI_FADT_NO_ASPM bit and
	 * the _OSC method), we can't honor that request.  Windows has
	 * a similar mechanism using "PciASPMOptOut", which is also
	 * ignored in this situation.
	 */
	if (aspm_disabled && !force) {
		dev_warn(&pdev->dev, "can't disable ASPM; OS doesn't have ASPM control\n");
		return;
	}

	if (sem)
		down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	link = parent->link_state;
	if (state & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L0S)
		link->aspm_disable |= ASPM_STATE_L0S;
	if (state & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L1)
		link->aspm_disable |= ASPM_STATE_L1;
	pcie_config_aspm_link(link, policy_to_aspm_state(link));

	if (state & PCIE_LINK_STATE_CLKPM) {
		link->clkpm_capable = 0;
		pcie_set_clkpm(link, 0);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
	if (sem)
		up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
}

void pci_disable_link_state_locked(struct pci_dev *pdev, int state)
{
	__pci_disable_link_state(pdev, state, false, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_disable_link_state_locked);

/**
 * pci_disable_link_state - Disable device's link state, so the link will
 * never enter specific states.  Note that if the BIOS didn't grant ASPM
 * control to the OS, this does nothing because we can't touch the LNKCTL
 * register.
 *
 * @pdev: PCI device
 * @state: ASPM link state to disable
 */
void pci_disable_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev, int state)
{
	__pci_disable_link_state(pdev, state, true, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_disable_link_state);

void pcie_clear_aspm(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	struct pci_dev *child;

	if (aspm_force)
		return;

	/*
	 * Clear any ASPM setup that the firmware has carried out on this bus
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(child, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
		__pci_disable_link_state(child, PCIE_LINK_STATE_L0S |
					 PCIE_LINK_STATE_L1 |
					 PCIE_LINK_STATE_CLKPM,
					 false, true);
	}
}

static int pcie_aspm_set_policy(const char *val, struct kernel_param *kp)
{
	int i;
	struct pcie_link_state *link;

	if (aspm_disabled)
		return -EPERM;
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(policy_str); i++)
		if (!strncmp(val, policy_str[i], strlen(policy_str[i])))
			break;
	if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(policy_str))
		return -EINVAL;
	if (i == aspm_policy)
		return 0;

	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	aspm_policy = i;
	list_for_each_entry(link, &link_list, sibling) {
		pcie_config_aspm_link(link, policy_to_aspm_state(link));
		pcie_set_clkpm(link, policy_to_clkpm_state(link));
	}
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	return 0;
}

static int pcie_aspm_get_policy(char *buffer, struct kernel_param *kp)
{
	int i, cnt = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(policy_str); i++)
		if (i == aspm_policy)
			cnt += sprintf(buffer + cnt, "[%s] ", policy_str[i]);
		else
			cnt += sprintf(buffer + cnt, "%s ", policy_str[i]);
	return cnt;
}

module_param_call(policy, pcie_aspm_set_policy, pcie_aspm_get_policy,
	NULL, 0644);

#ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM_DEBUG
static ssize_t link_state_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr,
		char *buf)
{
	struct pci_dev *pci_device = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pcie_link_state *link_state = pci_device->link_state;

	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", link_state->aspm_enabled);
}

static ssize_t link_state_store(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr,
		const char *buf,
		size_t n)
{
	struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pcie_link_state *link, *root = pdev->link_state->root;
	u32 val, state = 0;

	if (kstrtouint(buf, 10, &val))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (aspm_disabled)
		return -EPERM;
	if (n < 1 || val > 3)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* Convert requested state to ASPM state */
	if (val & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L0S)
		state |= ASPM_STATE_L0S;
	if (val & PCIE_LINK_STATE_L1)
		state |= ASPM_STATE_L1;

	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	list_for_each_entry(link, &link_list, sibling) {
		if (link->root != root)
			continue;
		pcie_config_aspm_link(link, state);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	return n;
}

static ssize_t clk_ctl_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr,
		char *buf)
{
	struct pci_dev *pci_device = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pcie_link_state *link_state = pci_device->link_state;

	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", link_state->clkpm_enabled);
}

static ssize_t clk_ctl_store(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr,
		const char *buf,
		size_t n)
{
	struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	bool state;

	if (strtobool(buf, &state))
		return -EINVAL;

	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
	pcie_set_clkpm_nocheck(pdev->link_state, state);
	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);

	return n;
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(link_state, 0644, link_state_show, link_state_store);
static DEVICE_ATTR(clk_ctl, 0644, clk_ctl_show, clk_ctl_store);

static char power_group[] = "power";
void pcie_aspm_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pcie_link_state *link_state = pdev->link_state;

	if (!pci_is_pcie(pdev) ||
	    (pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT &&
	     pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM) || !link_state)
		return;

	if (link_state->aspm_support)
		sysfs_add_file_to_group(&pdev->dev.kobj,
			&dev_attr_link_state.attr, power_group);
	if (link_state->clkpm_capable)
		sysfs_add_file_to_group(&pdev->dev.kobj,
			&dev_attr_clk_ctl.attr, power_group);
}

void pcie_aspm_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct pcie_link_state *link_state = pdev->link_state;

	if (!pci_is_pcie(pdev) ||
	    (pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT &&
	     pci_pcie_type(pdev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM) || !link_state)
		return;

	if (link_state->aspm_support)
		sysfs_remove_file_from_group(&pdev->dev.kobj,
			&dev_attr_link_state.attr, power_group);
	if (link_state->clkpm_capable)
		sysfs_remove_file_from_group(&pdev->dev.kobj,
			&dev_attr_clk_ctl.attr, power_group);
}
#endif

static int __init pcie_aspm_disable(char *str)
{
	if (!strcmp(str, "off")) {
		aspm_policy = POLICY_DEFAULT;
		aspm_disabled = 1;
		aspm_support_enabled = false;
		printk(KERN_INFO "PCIe ASPM is disabled\n");
	} else if (!strcmp(str, "force")) {
		aspm_force = 1;
		printk(KERN_INFO "PCIe ASPM is forcibly enabled\n");
	}
	return 1;
}

__setup("pcie_aspm=", pcie_aspm_disable);

void pcie_no_aspm(void)
{
	/*
	 * Disabling ASPM is intended to prevent the kernel from modifying
	 * existing hardware state, not to clear existing state. To that end:
	 * (a) set policy to POLICY_DEFAULT in order to avoid changing state
	 * (b) prevent userspace from changing policy
	 */
	if (!aspm_force) {
		aspm_policy = POLICY_DEFAULT;
		aspm_disabled = 1;
	}
}

bool pcie_aspm_support_enabled(void)
{
	return aspm_support_enabled;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pcie_aspm_support_enabled);