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/* Instantiate a public key crypto key from an X.509 Certificate
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) "X.509: "fmt
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/mpi.h>
#include <linux/asn1_decoder.h>
#include <keys/asymmetric-subtype.h>
#include <keys/asymmetric-parser.h>
#include <crypto/hash.h>
#include "asymmetric_keys.h"
#include "public_key.h"
#include "x509_parser.h"

static const
struct public_key_algorithm *x509_public_key_algorithms[PKEY_ALGO__LAST] = {
	[PKEY_ALGO_DSA]		= NULL,
#if defined(CONFIG_PUBLIC_KEY_ALGO_RSA) || \
	defined(CONFIG_PUBLIC_KEY_ALGO_RSA_MODULE)
	[PKEY_ALGO_RSA]		= &RSA_public_key_algorithm,
#endif
};

/*
 * Check the signature on a certificate using the provided public key
 */
static int x509_check_signature(const struct public_key *pub,
				const struct x509_certificate *cert)
{
	struct public_key_signature *sig;
	struct crypto_shash *tfm;
	struct shash_desc *desc;
	size_t digest_size, desc_size;
	int ret;

	pr_devel("==>%s()\n", __func__);
	
	/* Allocate the hashing algorithm we're going to need and find out how
	 * big the hash operational data will be.
	 */
	tfm = crypto_alloc_shash(pkey_hash_algo[cert->sig_hash_algo], 0, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(tfm))
		return (PTR_ERR(tfm) == -ENOENT) ? -ENOPKG : PTR_ERR(tfm);

	desc_size = crypto_shash_descsize(tfm) + sizeof(*desc);
	digest_size = crypto_shash_digestsize(tfm);

	/* We allocate the hash operational data storage on the end of our
	 * context data.
	 */
	ret = -ENOMEM;
	sig = kzalloc(sizeof(*sig) + desc_size + digest_size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!sig)
		goto error_no_sig;

	sig->pkey_hash_algo	= cert->sig_hash_algo;
	sig->digest		= (u8 *)sig + sizeof(*sig) + desc_size;
	sig->digest_size	= digest_size;

	desc = (void *)sig + sizeof(*sig);
	desc->tfm	= tfm;
	desc->flags	= CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP;

	ret = crypto_shash_init(desc);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto error;

	ret = -ENOMEM;
	sig->rsa.s = mpi_read_raw_data(cert->sig, cert->sig_size);
	if (!sig->rsa.s)
		goto error;

	ret = crypto_shash_finup(desc, cert->tbs, cert->tbs_size, sig->digest);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto error_mpi;

	ret = pub->algo->verify_signature(pub, sig);

	pr_debug("Cert Verification: %d\n", ret);

error_mpi:
	mpi_free(sig->rsa.s);
error:
	kfree(sig);
error_no_sig:
	crypto_free_shash(tfm);

	pr_devel("<==%s() = %d\n", __func__, ret);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Attempt to parse a data blob for a key as an X509 certificate.
 */
static int x509_key_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
{
	struct x509_certificate *cert;
	struct tm now;
	size_t srlen, sulen;
	char *desc = NULL;
	int ret;

	cert = x509_cert_parse(prep->data, prep->datalen);
	if (IS_ERR(cert))
		return PTR_ERR(cert);

	pr_devel("Cert Issuer: %s\n", cert->issuer);
	pr_devel("Cert Subject: %s\n", cert->subject);
	pr_devel("Cert Key Algo: %s\n", pkey_algo[cert->pkey_algo]);
	pr_devel("Cert Valid From: %04ld-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d\n",
		 cert->valid_from.tm_year + 1900, cert->valid_from.tm_mon + 1,
		 cert->valid_from.tm_mday, cert->valid_from.tm_hour,
		 cert->valid_from.tm_min,  cert->valid_from.tm_sec);
	pr_devel("Cert Valid To: %04ld-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d\n",
		 cert->valid_to.tm_year + 1900, cert->valid_to.tm_mon + 1,
		 cert->valid_to.tm_mday, cert->valid_to.tm_hour,
		 cert->valid_to.tm_min,  cert->valid_to.tm_sec);
	pr_devel("Cert Signature: %s + %s\n",
		 pkey_algo[cert->sig_pkey_algo],
		 pkey_hash_algo[cert->sig_hash_algo]);

	if (!cert->fingerprint || !cert->authority) {
		pr_warn("Cert for '%s' must have SubjKeyId and AuthKeyId extensions\n",
			cert->subject);
		ret = -EKEYREJECTED;
		goto error_free_cert;
	}

	time_to_tm(CURRENT_TIME.tv_sec, 0, &now);
	pr_devel("Now: %04ld-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d\n",
		 now.tm_year + 1900, now.tm_mon + 1, now.tm_mday,
		 now.tm_hour, now.tm_min,  now.tm_sec);
	if (now.tm_year < cert->valid_from.tm_year ||
	    (now.tm_year == cert->valid_from.tm_year &&
	     (now.tm_mon < cert->valid_from.tm_mon ||
	      (now.tm_mon == cert->valid_from.tm_mon &&
	       (now.tm_mday < cert->valid_from.tm_mday ||
		(now.tm_mday == cert->valid_from.tm_mday &&
		 (now.tm_hour < cert->valid_from.tm_hour ||
		  (now.tm_hour == cert->valid_from.tm_hour &&
		   (now.tm_min < cert->valid_from.tm_min ||
		    (now.tm_min == cert->valid_from.tm_min &&
		     (now.tm_sec < cert->valid_from.tm_sec
		      ))))))))))) {
		pr_warn("Cert %s is not yet valid\n", cert->fingerprint);
		ret = -EKEYREJECTED;
		goto error_free_cert;
	}
	if (now.tm_year > cert->valid_to.tm_year ||
	    (now.tm_year == cert->valid_to.tm_year &&
	     (now.tm_mon > cert->valid_to.tm_mon ||
	      (now.tm_mon == cert->valid_to.tm_mon &&
	       (now.tm_mday > cert->valid_to.tm_mday ||
		(now.tm_mday == cert->valid_to.tm_mday &&
		 (now.tm_hour > cert->valid_to.tm_hour ||
		  (now.tm_hour == cert->valid_to.tm_hour &&
		   (now.tm_min > cert->valid_to.tm_min ||
		    (now.tm_min == cert->valid_to.tm_min &&
		     (now.tm_sec > cert->valid_to.tm_sec
		      ))))))))))) {
		pr_warn("Cert %s has expired\n", cert->fingerprint);
		ret = -EKEYEXPIRED;
		goto error_free_cert;
	}

	cert->pub->algo = x509_public_key_algorithms[cert->pkey_algo];
	cert->pub->id_type = PKEY_ID_X509;

	/* Check the signature on the key */
	if (strcmp(cert->fingerprint, cert->authority) == 0) {
		ret = x509_check_signature(cert->pub, cert);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto error_free_cert;
	}

	/* Propose a description */
	sulen = strlen(cert->subject);
	srlen = strlen(cert->fingerprint);
	ret = -ENOMEM;
	desc = kmalloc(sulen + 2 + srlen + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!desc)
		goto error_free_cert;
	memcpy(desc, cert->subject, sulen);
	desc[sulen] = ':';
	desc[sulen + 1] = ' ';
	memcpy(desc + sulen + 2, cert->fingerprint, srlen);
	desc[sulen + 2 + srlen] = 0;

	/* We're pinning the module by being linked against it */
	__module_get(public_key_subtype.owner);
	prep->type_data[0] = &public_key_subtype;
	prep->type_data[1] = cert->fingerprint;
	prep->payload = cert->pub;
	prep->description = desc;
	prep->quotalen = 100;

	/* We've finished with the certificate */
	cert->pub = NULL;
	cert->fingerprint = NULL;
	desc = NULL;
	ret = 0;

error_free_cert:
	x509_free_certificate(cert);
	return ret;
}

static struct asymmetric_key_parser x509_key_parser = {
	.owner	= THIS_MODULE,
	.name	= "x509",
	.parse	= x509_key_preparse,
};

/*
 * Module stuff
 */
static int __init x509_key_init(void)
{
	return register_asymmetric_key_parser(&x509_key_parser);
}

static void __exit x509_key_exit(void)
{
	unregister_asymmetric_key_parser(&x509_key_parser);
}

module_init(x509_key_init);
module_exit(x509_key_exit);