Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>

#include "cpupri.h"

extern __read_mostly int scheduler_running;

/*
 * Convert user-nice values [ -20 ... 0 ... 19 ]
 * to static priority [ MAX_RT_PRIO..MAX_PRIO-1 ],
 * and back.
 */
#define NICE_TO_PRIO(nice)	(MAX_RT_PRIO + (nice) + 20)
#define PRIO_TO_NICE(prio)	((prio) - MAX_RT_PRIO - 20)
#define TASK_NICE(p)		PRIO_TO_NICE((p)->static_prio)

/*
 * 'User priority' is the nice value converted to something we
 * can work with better when scaling various scheduler parameters,
 * it's a [ 0 ... 39 ] range.
 */
#define USER_PRIO(p)		((p)-MAX_RT_PRIO)
#define TASK_USER_PRIO(p)	USER_PRIO((p)->static_prio)
#define MAX_USER_PRIO		(USER_PRIO(MAX_PRIO))

/*
 * Helpers for converting nanosecond timing to jiffy resolution
 */
#define NS_TO_JIFFIES(TIME)	((unsigned long)(TIME) / (NSEC_PER_SEC / HZ))

#define NICE_0_LOAD		SCHED_LOAD_SCALE
#define NICE_0_SHIFT		SCHED_LOAD_SHIFT

/*
 * These are the 'tuning knobs' of the scheduler:
 */

/*
 * single value that denotes runtime == period, ie unlimited time.
 */
#define RUNTIME_INF	((u64)~0ULL)

static inline int rt_policy(int policy)
{
	if (policy == SCHED_FIFO || policy == SCHED_RR)
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

static inline int task_has_rt_policy(struct task_struct *p)
{
	return rt_policy(p->policy);
}

/*
 * This is the priority-queue data structure of the RT scheduling class:
 */
struct rt_prio_array {
	DECLARE_BITMAP(bitmap, MAX_RT_PRIO+1); /* include 1 bit for delimiter */
	struct list_head queue[MAX_RT_PRIO];
};

struct rt_bandwidth {
	/* nests inside the rq lock: */
	raw_spinlock_t		rt_runtime_lock;
	ktime_t			rt_period;
	u64			rt_runtime;
	struct hrtimer		rt_period_timer;
};

extern struct mutex sched_domains_mutex;

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED

#include <linux/cgroup.h>

struct cfs_rq;
struct rt_rq;

static LIST_HEAD(task_groups);

struct cfs_bandwidth {
#ifdef CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH
	raw_spinlock_t lock;
	ktime_t period;
	u64 quota, runtime;
	s64 hierarchal_quota;
	u64 runtime_expires;

	int idle, timer_active;
	struct hrtimer period_timer, slack_timer;
	struct list_head throttled_cfs_rq;

	/* statistics */
	int nr_periods, nr_throttled;
	u64 throttled_time;
#endif
};

/* task group related information */
struct task_group {
	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;

#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
	/* schedulable entities of this group on each cpu */
	struct sched_entity **se;
	/* runqueue "owned" by this group on each cpu */
	struct cfs_rq **cfs_rq;
	unsigned long shares;

	atomic_t load_weight;
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
	struct sched_rt_entity **rt_se;
	struct rt_rq **rt_rq;

	struct rt_bandwidth rt_bandwidth;
#endif

	struct rcu_head rcu;
	struct list_head list;

	struct task_group *parent;
	struct list_head siblings;
	struct list_head children;

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP
	struct autogroup *autogroup;
#endif

	struct cfs_bandwidth cfs_bandwidth;
};

#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
#define ROOT_TASK_GROUP_LOAD	NICE_0_LOAD

/*
 * A weight of 0 or 1 can cause arithmetics problems.
 * A weight of a cfs_rq is the sum of weights of which entities
 * are queued on this cfs_rq, so a weight of a entity should not be
 * too large, so as the shares value of a task group.
 * (The default weight is 1024 - so there's no practical
 *  limitation from this.)
 */
#define MIN_SHARES	(1UL <<  1)
#define MAX_SHARES	(1UL << 18)
#endif

/* Default task group.
 *	Every task in system belong to this group at bootup.
 */
extern struct task_group root_task_group;

typedef int (*tg_visitor)(struct task_group *, void *);

extern int walk_tg_tree_from(struct task_group *from,
			     tg_visitor down, tg_visitor up, void *data);

/*
 * Iterate the full tree, calling @down when first entering a node and @up when
 * leaving it for the final time.
 *
 * Caller must hold rcu_lock or sufficient equivalent.
 */
static inline int walk_tg_tree(tg_visitor down, tg_visitor up, void *data)
{
	return walk_tg_tree_from(&root_task_group, down, up, data);
}

extern int tg_nop(struct task_group *tg, void *data);

extern void free_fair_sched_group(struct task_group *tg);
extern int alloc_fair_sched_group(struct task_group *tg, struct task_group *parent);
extern void unregister_fair_sched_group(struct task_group *tg, int cpu);
extern void init_tg_cfs_entry(struct task_group *tg, struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
			struct sched_entity *se, int cpu,
			struct sched_entity *parent);
extern void init_cfs_bandwidth(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b);
extern int sched_group_set_shares(struct task_group *tg, unsigned long shares);

extern void __refill_cfs_bandwidth_runtime(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b);
extern void __start_cfs_bandwidth(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b);
extern void unthrottle_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);

extern void free_rt_sched_group(struct task_group *tg);
extern int alloc_rt_sched_group(struct task_group *tg, struct task_group *parent);
extern void init_tg_rt_entry(struct task_group *tg, struct rt_rq *rt_rq,
		struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, int cpu,
		struct sched_rt_entity *parent);

#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */

struct cfs_bandwidth { };

#endif	/* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */

/* CFS-related fields in a runqueue */
struct cfs_rq {
	struct load_weight load;
	unsigned long nr_running, h_nr_running;

	u64 exec_clock;
	u64 min_vruntime;
#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
	u64 min_vruntime_copy;
#endif

	struct rb_root tasks_timeline;
	struct rb_node *rb_leftmost;

	/*
	 * 'curr' points to currently running entity on this cfs_rq.
	 * It is set to NULL otherwise (i.e when none are currently running).
	 */
	struct sched_entity *curr, *next, *last, *skip;

#ifdef	CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
	unsigned int nr_spread_over;
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
	struct rq *rq;	/* cpu runqueue to which this cfs_rq is attached */

	/*
	 * leaf cfs_rqs are those that hold tasks (lowest schedulable entity in
	 * a hierarchy). Non-leaf lrqs hold other higher schedulable entities
	 * (like users, containers etc.)
	 *
	 * leaf_cfs_rq_list ties together list of leaf cfs_rq's in a cpu. This
	 * list is used during load balance.
	 */
	int on_list;
	struct list_head leaf_cfs_rq_list;
	struct task_group *tg;	/* group that "owns" this runqueue */

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 *   h_load = weight * f(tg)
	 *
	 * Where f(tg) is the recursive weight fraction assigned to
	 * this group.
	 */
	unsigned long h_load;

	/*
	 * Maintaining per-cpu shares distribution for group scheduling
	 *
	 * load_stamp is the last time we updated the load average
	 * load_last is the last time we updated the load average and saw load
	 * load_unacc_exec_time is currently unaccounted execution time
	 */
	u64 load_avg;
	u64 load_period;
	u64 load_stamp, load_last, load_unacc_exec_time;

	unsigned long load_contribution;
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#ifdef CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH
	int runtime_enabled;
	u64 runtime_expires;
	s64 runtime_remaining;

	u64 throttled_timestamp;
	int throttled, throttle_count;
	struct list_head throttled_list;
#endif /* CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH */
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
};

static inline int rt_bandwidth_enabled(void)
{
	return sysctl_sched_rt_runtime >= 0;
}

/* Real-Time classes' related field in a runqueue: */
struct rt_rq {
	struct rt_prio_array active;
	unsigned long rt_nr_running;
#if defined CONFIG_SMP || defined CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
	struct {
		int curr; /* highest queued rt task prio */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
		int next; /* next highest */
#endif
	} highest_prio;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	unsigned long rt_nr_migratory;
	unsigned long rt_nr_total;
	int overloaded;
	struct plist_head pushable_tasks;
#endif
	int rt_throttled;
	u64 rt_time;
	u64 rt_runtime;
	/* Nests inside the rq lock: */
	raw_spinlock_t rt_runtime_lock;

#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
	unsigned long rt_nr_boosted;

	struct rq *rq;
	struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
	struct task_group *tg;
#endif
};

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP

/*
 * We add the notion of a root-domain which will be used to define per-domain
 * variables. Each exclusive cpuset essentially defines an island domain by
 * fully partitioning the member cpus from any other cpuset. Whenever a new
 * exclusive cpuset is created, we also create and attach a new root-domain
 * object.
 *
 */
struct root_domain {
	atomic_t refcount;
	atomic_t rto_count;
	struct rcu_head rcu;
	cpumask_var_t span;
	cpumask_var_t online;

	/*
	 * The "RT overload" flag: it gets set if a CPU has more than
	 * one runnable RT task.
	 */
	cpumask_var_t rto_mask;
	struct cpupri cpupri;
};

extern struct root_domain def_root_domain;

#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

/*
 * This is the main, per-CPU runqueue data structure.
 *
 * Locking rule: those places that want to lock multiple runqueues
 * (such as the load balancing or the thread migration code), lock
 * acquire operations must be ordered by ascending &runqueue.
 */
struct rq {
	/* runqueue lock: */
	raw_spinlock_t lock;

	/*
	 * nr_running and cpu_load should be in the same cacheline because
	 * remote CPUs use both these fields when doing load calculation.
	 */
	unsigned long nr_running;
	#define CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX 5
	unsigned long cpu_load[CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX];
	unsigned long last_load_update_tick;
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
	u64 nohz_stamp;
	unsigned long nohz_flags;
#endif
	int skip_clock_update;

	/* capture load from *all* tasks on this cpu: */
	struct load_weight load;
	unsigned long nr_load_updates;
	u64 nr_switches;

	struct cfs_rq cfs;
	struct rt_rq rt;

#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
	/* list of leaf cfs_rq on this cpu: */
	struct list_head leaf_cfs_rq_list;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
	struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
#endif

	/*
	 * This is part of a global counter where only the total sum
	 * over all CPUs matters. A task can increase this counter on
	 * one CPU and if it got migrated afterwards it may decrease
	 * it on another CPU. Always updated under the runqueue lock:
	 */
	unsigned long nr_uninterruptible;

	struct task_struct *curr, *idle, *stop;
	unsigned long next_balance;
	struct mm_struct *prev_mm;

	u64 clock;
	u64 clock_task;

	atomic_t nr_iowait;

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	struct root_domain *rd;
	struct sched_domain *sd;

	unsigned long cpu_power;

	unsigned char idle_balance;
	/* For active balancing */
	int post_schedule;
	int active_balance;
	int push_cpu;
	struct cpu_stop_work active_balance_work;
	/* cpu of this runqueue: */
	int cpu;
	int online;

	struct list_head cfs_tasks;

	u64 rt_avg;
	u64 age_stamp;
	u64 idle_stamp;
	u64 avg_idle;
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
	u64 prev_irq_time;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
	u64 prev_steal_time;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_TIME_ACCOUNTING
	u64 prev_steal_time_rq;
#endif

	/* calc_load related fields */
	unsigned long calc_load_update;
	long calc_load_active;

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	int hrtick_csd_pending;
	struct call_single_data hrtick_csd;
#endif
	struct hrtimer hrtick_timer;
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
	/* latency stats */
	struct sched_info rq_sched_info;
	unsigned long long rq_cpu_time;
	/* could above be rq->cfs_rq.exec_clock + rq->rt_rq.rt_runtime ? */

	/* sys_sched_yield() stats */
	unsigned int yld_count;

	/* schedule() stats */
	unsigned int sched_count;
	unsigned int sched_goidle;

	/* try_to_wake_up() stats */
	unsigned int ttwu_count;
	unsigned int ttwu_local;
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	struct llist_head wake_list;
#endif
};

static inline int cpu_of(struct rq *rq)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	return rq->cpu;
#else
	return 0;
#endif
}

DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct rq, runqueues);

#define cpu_rq(cpu)		(&per_cpu(runqueues, (cpu)))
#define this_rq()		(&__get_cpu_var(runqueues))
#define task_rq(p)		cpu_rq(task_cpu(p))
#define cpu_curr(cpu)		(cpu_rq(cpu)->curr)
#define raw_rq()		(&__raw_get_cpu_var(runqueues))

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP

#define rcu_dereference_check_sched_domain(p) \
	rcu_dereference_check((p), \
			      lockdep_is_held(&sched_domains_mutex))

/*
 * The domain tree (rq->sd) is protected by RCU's quiescent state transition.
 * See detach_destroy_domains: synchronize_sched for details.
 *
 * The domain tree of any CPU may only be accessed from within
 * preempt-disabled sections.
 */
#define for_each_domain(cpu, __sd) \
	for (__sd = rcu_dereference_check_sched_domain(cpu_rq(cpu)->sd); \
			__sd; __sd = __sd->parent)

#define for_each_lower_domain(sd) for (; sd; sd = sd->child)

/**
 * highest_flag_domain - Return highest sched_domain containing flag.
 * @cpu:	The cpu whose highest level of sched domain is to
 *		be returned.
 * @flag:	The flag to check for the highest sched_domain
 *		for the given cpu.
 *
 * Returns the highest sched_domain of a cpu which contains the given flag.
 */
static inline struct sched_domain *highest_flag_domain(int cpu, int flag)
{
	struct sched_domain *sd, *hsd = NULL;

	for_each_domain(cpu, sd) {
		if (!(sd->flags & flag))
			break;
		hsd = sd;
	}

	return hsd;
}

DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct sched_domain *, sd_llc);
DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, sd_llc_id);

#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

#include "stats.h"
#include "auto_group.h"

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED

/*
 * Return the group to which this tasks belongs.
 *
 * We use task_subsys_state_check() and extend the RCU verification with
 * pi->lock and rq->lock because cpu_cgroup_attach() holds those locks for each
 * task it moves into the cgroup. Therefore by holding either of those locks,
 * we pin the task to the current cgroup.
 */
static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
	struct task_group *tg;
	struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;

	css = task_subsys_state_check(p, cpu_cgroup_subsys_id,
			lockdep_is_held(&p->pi_lock) ||
			lockdep_is_held(&task_rq(p)->lock));
	tg = container_of(css, struct task_group, css);

	return autogroup_task_group(p, tg);
}

/* Change a task's cfs_rq and parent entity if it moves across CPUs/groups */
static inline void set_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
#if defined(CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED) || defined(CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED)
	struct task_group *tg = task_group(p);
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
	p->se.cfs_rq = tg->cfs_rq[cpu];
	p->se.parent = tg->se[cpu];
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
	p->rt.rt_rq  = tg->rt_rq[cpu];
	p->rt.parent = tg->rt_se[cpu];
#endif
}

#else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */

static inline void set_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { }
static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
	return NULL;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */

static inline void __set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
	set_task_rq(p, cpu);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 * After ->cpu is set up to a new value, task_rq_lock(p, ...) can be
	 * successfuly executed on another CPU. We must ensure that updates of
	 * per-task data have been completed by this moment.
	 */
	smp_wmb();
	task_thread_info(p)->cpu = cpu;
#endif
}

/*
 * Tunables that become constants when CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is off:
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
# include <linux/static_key.h>
# define const_debug __read_mostly
#else
# define const_debug const
#endif

extern const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_features;

#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled)	\
	__SCHED_FEAT_##name ,

enum {
#include "features.h"
	__SCHED_FEAT_NR,
};

#undef SCHED_FEAT

#if defined(CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG) && defined(HAVE_JUMP_LABEL)
static __always_inline bool static_branch__true(struct static_key *key)
{
	return static_key_true(key); /* Not out of line branch. */
}

static __always_inline bool static_branch__false(struct static_key *key)
{
	return static_key_false(key); /* Out of line branch. */
}

#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled)					\
static __always_inline bool static_branch_##name(struct static_key *key) \
{									\
	return static_branch__##enabled(key);				\
}

#include "features.h"

#undef SCHED_FEAT

extern struct static_key sched_feat_keys[__SCHED_FEAT_NR];
#define sched_feat(x) (static_branch_##x(&sched_feat_keys[__SCHED_FEAT_##x]))
#else /* !(SCHED_DEBUG && HAVE_JUMP_LABEL) */
#define sched_feat(x) (sysctl_sched_features & (1UL << __SCHED_FEAT_##x))
#endif /* SCHED_DEBUG && HAVE_JUMP_LABEL */

static inline u64 global_rt_period(void)
{
	return (u64)sysctl_sched_rt_period * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}

static inline u64 global_rt_runtime(void)
{
	if (sysctl_sched_rt_runtime < 0)
		return RUNTIME_INF;

	return (u64)sysctl_sched_rt_runtime * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}



static inline int task_current(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
	return rq->curr == p;
}

static inline int task_running(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	return p->on_cpu;
#else
	return task_current(rq, p);
#endif
}


#ifndef prepare_arch_switch
# define prepare_arch_switch(next)	do { } while (0)
#endif
#ifndef finish_arch_switch
# define finish_arch_switch(prev)	do { } while (0)
#endif
#ifndef finish_arch_post_lock_switch
# define finish_arch_post_lock_switch()	do { } while (0)
#endif

#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
static inline void prepare_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 * We can optimise this out completely for !SMP, because the
	 * SMP rebalancing from interrupt is the only thing that cares
	 * here.
	 */
	next->on_cpu = 1;
#endif
}

static inline void finish_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 * After ->on_cpu is cleared, the task can be moved to a different CPU.
	 * We must ensure this doesn't happen until the switch is completely
	 * finished.
	 */
	smp_wmb();
	prev->on_cpu = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
	/* this is a valid case when another task releases the spinlock */
	rq->lock.owner = current;
#endif
	/*
	 * If we are tracking spinlock dependencies then we have to
	 * fix up the runqueue lock - which gets 'carried over' from
	 * prev into current:
	 */
	spin_acquire(&rq->lock.dep_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_);

	raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
}

#else /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */
static inline void prepare_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 * We can optimise this out completely for !SMP, because the
	 * SMP rebalancing from interrupt is the only thing that cares
	 * here.
	 */
	next->on_cpu = 1;
#endif
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
	raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
#else
	raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
#endif
}

static inline void finish_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	/*
	 * After ->on_cpu is cleared, the task can be moved to a different CPU.
	 * We must ensure this doesn't happen until the switch is completely
	 * finished.
	 */
	smp_wmb();
	prev->on_cpu = 0;
#endif
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
	local_irq_enable();
#endif
}
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */


static inline void update_load_add(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long inc)
{
	lw->weight += inc;
	lw->inv_weight = 0;
}

static inline void update_load_sub(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long dec)
{
	lw->weight -= dec;
	lw->inv_weight = 0;
}

static inline void update_load_set(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long w)
{
	lw->weight = w;
	lw->inv_weight = 0;
}

/*
 * To aid in avoiding the subversion of "niceness" due to uneven distribution
 * of tasks with abnormal "nice" values across CPUs the contribution that
 * each task makes to its run queue's load is weighted according to its
 * scheduling class and "nice" value. For SCHED_NORMAL tasks this is just a
 * scaled version of the new time slice allocation that they receive on time
 * slice expiry etc.
 */

#define WEIGHT_IDLEPRIO                3
#define WMULT_IDLEPRIO         1431655765

/*
 * Nice levels are multiplicative, with a gentle 10% change for every
 * nice level changed. I.e. when a CPU-bound task goes from nice 0 to
 * nice 1, it will get ~10% less CPU time than another CPU-bound task
 * that remained on nice 0.
 *
 * The "10% effect" is relative and cumulative: from _any_ nice level,
 * if you go up 1 level, it's -10% CPU usage, if you go down 1 level
 * it's +10% CPU usage. (to achieve that we use a multiplier of 1.25.
 * If a task goes up by ~10% and another task goes down by ~10% then
 * the relative distance between them is ~25%.)
 */
static const int prio_to_weight[40] = {
 /* -20 */     88761,     71755,     56483,     46273,     36291,
 /* -15 */     29154,     23254,     18705,     14949,     11916,
 /* -10 */      9548,      7620,      6100,      4904,      3906,
 /*  -5 */      3121,      2501,      1991,      1586,      1277,
 /*   0 */      1024,       820,       655,       526,       423,
 /*   5 */       335,       272,       215,       172,       137,
 /*  10 */       110,        87,        70,        56,        45,
 /*  15 */        36,        29,        23,        18,        15,
};

/*
 * Inverse (2^32/x) values of the prio_to_weight[] array, precalculated.
 *
 * In cases where the weight does not change often, we can use the
 * precalculated inverse to speed up arithmetics by turning divisions
 * into multiplications:
 */
static const u32 prio_to_wmult[40] = {
 /* -20 */     48388,     59856,     76040,     92818,    118348,
 /* -15 */    147320,    184698,    229616,    287308,    360437,
 /* -10 */    449829,    563644,    704093,    875809,   1099582,
 /*  -5 */   1376151,   1717300,   2157191,   2708050,   3363326,
 /*   0 */   4194304,   5237765,   6557202,   8165337,  10153587,
 /*   5 */  12820798,  15790321,  19976592,  24970740,  31350126,
 /*  10 */  39045157,  49367440,  61356676,  76695844,  95443717,
 /*  15 */ 119304647, 148102320, 186737708, 238609294, 286331153,
};

/* Time spent by the tasks of the cpu accounting group executing in ... */
enum cpuacct_stat_index {
	CPUACCT_STAT_USER,	/* ... user mode */
	CPUACCT_STAT_SYSTEM,	/* ... kernel mode */

	CPUACCT_STAT_NSTATS,
};


#define sched_class_highest (&stop_sched_class)
#define for_each_class(class) \
   for (class = sched_class_highest; class; class = class->next)

extern const struct sched_class stop_sched_class;
extern const struct sched_class rt_sched_class;
extern const struct sched_class fair_sched_class;
extern const struct sched_class idle_sched_class;


#ifdef CONFIG_SMP

extern void trigger_load_balance(struct rq *rq, int cpu);
extern void idle_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq);

#else	/* CONFIG_SMP */

static inline void idle_balance(int cpu, struct rq *rq)
{
}

#endif

extern void sysrq_sched_debug_show(void);
extern void sched_init_granularity(void);
extern void update_max_interval(void);
extern void update_group_power(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu);
extern int update_runtime(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu);
extern void init_sched_rt_class(void);
extern void init_sched_fair_class(void);

extern void resched_task(struct task_struct *p);
extern void resched_cpu(int cpu);

extern struct rt_bandwidth def_rt_bandwidth;
extern void init_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, u64 period, u64 runtime);

extern void update_cpu_load(struct rq *this_rq);

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_CPUACCT
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
/* track cpu usage of a group of tasks and its child groups */
struct cpuacct {
	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
	/* cpuusage holds pointer to a u64-type object on every cpu */
	u64 __percpu *cpuusage;
	struct kernel_cpustat __percpu *cpustat;
};

/* return cpu accounting group corresponding to this container */
static inline struct cpuacct *cgroup_ca(struct cgroup *cgrp)
{
	return container_of(cgroup_subsys_state(cgrp, cpuacct_subsys_id),
			    struct cpuacct, css);
}

/* return cpu accounting group to which this task belongs */
static inline struct cpuacct *task_ca(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	return container_of(task_subsys_state(tsk, cpuacct_subsys_id),
			    struct cpuacct, css);
}

static inline struct cpuacct *parent_ca(struct cpuacct *ca)
{
	if (!ca || !ca->css.cgroup->parent)
		return NULL;
	return cgroup_ca(ca->css.cgroup->parent);
}

extern void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime);
#else
static inline void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) {}
#endif

static inline void inc_nr_running(struct rq *rq)
{
	rq->nr_running++;
}

static inline void dec_nr_running(struct rq *rq)
{
	rq->nr_running--;
}

extern void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq);

extern void activate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags);
extern void deactivate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags);

extern void check_preempt_curr(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags);

extern const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_time_avg;
extern const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_nr_migrate;
extern const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_migration_cost;

static inline u64 sched_avg_period(void)
{
	return (u64)sysctl_sched_time_avg * NSEC_PER_MSEC / 2;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK

/*
 * Use hrtick when:
 *  - enabled by features
 *  - hrtimer is actually high res
 */
static inline int hrtick_enabled(struct rq *rq)
{
	if (!sched_feat(HRTICK))
		return 0;
	if (!cpu_active(cpu_of(rq)))
		return 0;
	return hrtimer_is_hres_active(&rq->hrtick_timer);
}

void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay);

#else

static inline int hrtick_enabled(struct rq *rq)
{
	return 0;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
extern void sched_avg_update(struct rq *rq);
static inline void sched_rt_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 rt_delta)
{
	rq->rt_avg += rt_delta;
	sched_avg_update(rq);
}
#else
static inline void sched_rt_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 rt_delta) { }
static inline void sched_avg_update(struct rq *rq) { }
#endif

extern void start_bandwidth_timer(struct hrtimer *period_timer, ktime_t period);

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT

static inline void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2);

/*
 * fair double_lock_balance: Safely acquires both rq->locks in a fair
 * way at the expense of forcing extra atomic operations in all
 * invocations.  This assures that the double_lock is acquired using the
 * same underlying policy as the spinlock_t on this architecture, which
 * reduces latency compared to the unfair variant below.  However, it
 * also adds more overhead and therefore may reduce throughput.
 */
static inline int _double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
	__releases(this_rq->lock)
	__acquires(busiest->lock)
	__acquires(this_rq->lock)
{
	raw_spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
	double_rq_lock(this_rq, busiest);

	return 1;
}

#else
/*
 * Unfair double_lock_balance: Optimizes throughput at the expense of
 * latency by eliminating extra atomic operations when the locks are
 * already in proper order on entry.  This favors lower cpu-ids and will
 * grant the double lock to lower cpus over higher ids under contention,
 * regardless of entry order into the function.
 */
static inline int _double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
	__releases(this_rq->lock)
	__acquires(busiest->lock)
	__acquires(this_rq->lock)
{
	int ret = 0;

	if (unlikely(!raw_spin_trylock(&busiest->lock))) {
		if (busiest < this_rq) {
			raw_spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
			raw_spin_lock(&busiest->lock);
			raw_spin_lock_nested(&this_rq->lock,
					      SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
			ret = 1;
		} else
			raw_spin_lock_nested(&busiest->lock,
					      SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
	}
	return ret;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT */

/*
 * double_lock_balance - lock the busiest runqueue, this_rq is locked already.
 */
static inline int double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
{
	if (unlikely(!irqs_disabled())) {
		/* printk() doesn't work good under rq->lock */
		raw_spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
		BUG_ON(1);
	}

	return _double_lock_balance(this_rq, busiest);
}

static inline void double_unlock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
	__releases(busiest->lock)
{
	raw_spin_unlock(&busiest->lock);
	lock_set_subclass(&this_rq->lock.dep_map, 0, _RET_IP_);
}

/*
 * double_rq_lock - safely lock two runqueues
 *
 * Note this does not disable interrupts like task_rq_lock,
 * you need to do so manually before calling.
 */
static inline void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
	__acquires(rq1->lock)
	__acquires(rq2->lock)
{
	BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
	if (rq1 == rq2) {
		raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
		__acquire(rq2->lock);	/* Fake it out ;) */
	} else {
		if (rq1 < rq2) {
			raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
			raw_spin_lock_nested(&rq2->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
		} else {
			raw_spin_lock(&rq2->lock);
			raw_spin_lock_nested(&rq1->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * double_rq_unlock - safely unlock two runqueues
 *
 * Note this does not restore interrupts like task_rq_unlock,
 * you need to do so manually after calling.
 */
static inline void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
	__releases(rq1->lock)
	__releases(rq2->lock)
{
	raw_spin_unlock(&rq1->lock);
	if (rq1 != rq2)
		raw_spin_unlock(&rq2->lock);
	else
		__release(rq2->lock);
}

#else /* CONFIG_SMP */

/*
 * double_rq_lock - safely lock two runqueues
 *
 * Note this does not disable interrupts like task_rq_lock,
 * you need to do so manually before calling.
 */
static inline void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
	__acquires(rq1->lock)
	__acquires(rq2->lock)
{
	BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
	BUG_ON(rq1 != rq2);
	raw_spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
	__acquire(rq2->lock);	/* Fake it out ;) */
}

/*
 * double_rq_unlock - safely unlock two runqueues
 *
 * Note this does not restore interrupts like task_rq_unlock,
 * you need to do so manually after calling.
 */
static inline void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
	__releases(rq1->lock)
	__releases(rq2->lock)
{
	BUG_ON(rq1 != rq2);
	raw_spin_unlock(&rq1->lock);
	__release(rq2->lock);
}

#endif

extern struct sched_entity *__pick_first_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
extern struct sched_entity *__pick_last_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
extern void print_cfs_stats(struct seq_file *m, int cpu);
extern void print_rt_stats(struct seq_file *m, int cpu);

extern void init_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
extern void init_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct rq *rq);
extern void unthrottle_offline_cfs_rqs(struct rq *rq);

extern void account_cfs_bandwidth_used(int enabled, int was_enabled);

#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
enum rq_nohz_flag_bits {
	NOHZ_TICK_STOPPED,
	NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK,
	NOHZ_IDLE,
};

#define nohz_flags(cpu)	(&cpu_rq(cpu)->nohz_flags)
#endif