Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
/*
 * probe-finder.c : C expression to kprobe event converter
 *
 * Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
 *
 */

#include <sys/utsname.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <dwarf-regs.h>

#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include "event.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "symbol.h"
#include "probe-finder.h"

/* Kprobe tracer basic type is up to u64 */
#define MAX_BASIC_TYPE_BITS	64

/* Line number list operations */

/* Add a line to line number list */
static int line_list__add_line(struct list_head *head, int line)
{
	struct line_node *ln;
	struct list_head *p;

	/* Reverse search, because new line will be the last one */
	list_for_each_entry_reverse(ln, head, list) {
		if (ln->line < line) {
			p = &ln->list;
			goto found;
		} else if (ln->line == line)	/* Already exist */
			return 1;
	}
	/* List is empty, or the smallest entry */
	p = head;
found:
	pr_debug("line list: add a line %u\n", line);
	ln = zalloc(sizeof(struct line_node));
	if (ln == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	ln->line = line;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ln->list);
	list_add(&ln->list, p);
	return 0;
}

/* Check if the line in line number list */
static int line_list__has_line(struct list_head *head, int line)
{
	struct line_node *ln;

	/* Reverse search, because new line will be the last one */
	list_for_each_entry(ln, head, list)
		if (ln->line == line)
			return 1;

	return 0;
}

/* Init line number list */
static void line_list__init(struct list_head *head)
{
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(head);
}

/* Free line number list */
static void line_list__free(struct list_head *head)
{
	struct line_node *ln;
	while (!list_empty(head)) {
		ln = list_first_entry(head, struct line_node, list);
		list_del(&ln->list);
		free(ln);
	}
}

/* Dwarf FL wrappers */
static char *debuginfo_path;	/* Currently dummy */

static const Dwfl_Callbacks offline_callbacks = {
	.find_debuginfo = dwfl_standard_find_debuginfo,
	.debuginfo_path = &debuginfo_path,

	.section_address = dwfl_offline_section_address,

	/* We use this table for core files too.  */
	.find_elf = dwfl_build_id_find_elf,
};

/* Get a Dwarf from offline image */
static int debuginfo__init_offline_dwarf(struct debuginfo *self,
					 const char *path)
{
	Dwfl_Module *mod;
	int fd;

	fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
	if (fd < 0)
		return fd;

	self->dwfl = dwfl_begin(&offline_callbacks);
	if (!self->dwfl)
		goto error;

	mod = dwfl_report_offline(self->dwfl, "", "", fd);
	if (!mod)
		goto error;

	self->dbg = dwfl_module_getdwarf(mod, &self->bias);
	if (!self->dbg)
		goto error;

	return 0;
error:
	if (self->dwfl)
		dwfl_end(self->dwfl);
	else
		close(fd);
	memset(self, 0, sizeof(*self));

	return -ENOENT;
}

#if _ELFUTILS_PREREQ(0, 148)
/* This method is buggy if elfutils is older than 0.148 */
static int __linux_kernel_find_elf(Dwfl_Module *mod,
				   void **userdata,
				   const char *module_name,
				   Dwarf_Addr base,
				   char **file_name, Elf **elfp)
{
	int fd;
	const char *path = kernel_get_module_path(module_name);

	pr_debug2("Use file %s for %s\n", path, module_name);
	if (path) {
		fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
		if (fd >= 0) {
			*file_name = strdup(path);
			return fd;
		}
	}
	/* If failed, try to call standard method */
	return dwfl_linux_kernel_find_elf(mod, userdata, module_name, base,
					  file_name, elfp);
}

static const Dwfl_Callbacks kernel_callbacks = {
	.find_debuginfo = dwfl_standard_find_debuginfo,
	.debuginfo_path = &debuginfo_path,

	.find_elf = __linux_kernel_find_elf,
	.section_address = dwfl_linux_kernel_module_section_address,
};

/* Get a Dwarf from live kernel image */
static int debuginfo__init_online_kernel_dwarf(struct debuginfo *self,
					       Dwarf_Addr addr)
{
	self->dwfl = dwfl_begin(&kernel_callbacks);
	if (!self->dwfl)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* Load the kernel dwarves: Don't care the result here */
	dwfl_linux_kernel_report_kernel(self->dwfl);
	dwfl_linux_kernel_report_modules(self->dwfl);

	self->dbg = dwfl_addrdwarf(self->dwfl, addr, &self->bias);
	/* Here, check whether we could get a real dwarf */
	if (!self->dbg) {
		pr_debug("Failed to find kernel dwarf at %lx\n",
			 (unsigned long)addr);
		dwfl_end(self->dwfl);
		memset(self, 0, sizeof(*self));
		return -ENOENT;
	}

	return 0;
}
#else
/* With older elfutils, this just support kernel module... */
static int debuginfo__init_online_kernel_dwarf(struct debuginfo *self,
					       Dwarf_Addr addr __used)
{
	const char *path = kernel_get_module_path("kernel");

	if (!path) {
		pr_err("Failed to find vmlinux path\n");
		return -ENOENT;
	}

	pr_debug2("Use file %s for debuginfo\n", path);
	return debuginfo__init_offline_dwarf(self, path);
}
#endif

struct debuginfo *debuginfo__new(const char *path)
{
	struct debuginfo *self = zalloc(sizeof(struct debuginfo));
	if (!self)
		return NULL;

	if (debuginfo__init_offline_dwarf(self, path) < 0) {
		free(self);
		self = NULL;
	}

	return self;
}

struct debuginfo *debuginfo__new_online_kernel(unsigned long addr)
{
	struct debuginfo *self = zalloc(sizeof(struct debuginfo));
	if (!self)
		return NULL;

	if (debuginfo__init_online_kernel_dwarf(self, (Dwarf_Addr)addr) < 0) {
		free(self);
		self = NULL;
	}

	return self;
}

void debuginfo__delete(struct debuginfo *self)
{
	if (self) {
		if (self->dwfl)
			dwfl_end(self->dwfl);
		free(self);
	}
}

/*
 * Probe finder related functions
 */

static struct probe_trace_arg_ref *alloc_trace_arg_ref(long offs)
{
	struct probe_trace_arg_ref *ref;
	ref = zalloc(sizeof(struct probe_trace_arg_ref));
	if (ref != NULL)
		ref->offset = offs;
	return ref;
}

/*
 * Convert a location into trace_arg.
 * If tvar == NULL, this just checks variable can be converted.
 */
static int convert_variable_location(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, Dwarf_Addr addr,
				     Dwarf_Op *fb_ops,
				     struct probe_trace_arg *tvar)
{
	Dwarf_Attribute attr;
	Dwarf_Op *op;
	size_t nops;
	unsigned int regn;
	Dwarf_Word offs = 0;
	bool ref = false;
	const char *regs;
	int ret;

	if (dwarf_attr(vr_die, DW_AT_external, &attr) != NULL)
		goto static_var;

	/* TODO: handle more than 1 exprs */
	if (dwarf_attr(vr_die, DW_AT_location, &attr) == NULL ||
	    dwarf_getlocation_addr(&attr, addr, &op, &nops, 1) <= 0 ||
	    nops == 0) {
		/* TODO: Support const_value */
		return -ENOENT;
	}

	if (op->atom == DW_OP_addr) {
static_var:
		if (!tvar)
			return 0;
		/* Static variables on memory (not stack), make @varname */
		ret = strlen(dwarf_diename(vr_die));
		tvar->value = zalloc(ret + 2);
		if (tvar->value == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
		snprintf(tvar->value, ret + 2, "@%s", dwarf_diename(vr_die));
		tvar->ref = alloc_trace_arg_ref((long)offs);
		if (tvar->ref == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
		return 0;
	}

	/* If this is based on frame buffer, set the offset */
	if (op->atom == DW_OP_fbreg) {
		if (fb_ops == NULL)
			return -ENOTSUP;
		ref = true;
		offs = op->number;
		op = &fb_ops[0];
	}

	if (op->atom >= DW_OP_breg0 && op->atom <= DW_OP_breg31) {
		regn = op->atom - DW_OP_breg0;
		offs += op->number;
		ref = true;
	} else if (op->atom >= DW_OP_reg0 && op->atom <= DW_OP_reg31) {
		regn = op->atom - DW_OP_reg0;
	} else if (op->atom == DW_OP_bregx) {
		regn = op->number;
		offs += op->number2;
		ref = true;
	} else if (op->atom == DW_OP_regx) {
		regn = op->number;
	} else {
		pr_debug("DW_OP %x is not supported.\n", op->atom);
		return -ENOTSUP;
	}

	if (!tvar)
		return 0;

	regs = get_arch_regstr(regn);
	if (!regs) {
		/* This should be a bug in DWARF or this tool */
		pr_warning("Mapping for the register number %u "
			   "missing on this architecture.\n", regn);
		return -ERANGE;
	}

	tvar->value = strdup(regs);
	if (tvar->value == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (ref) {
		tvar->ref = alloc_trace_arg_ref((long)offs);
		if (tvar->ref == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
	}
	return 0;
}

#define BYTES_TO_BITS(nb)	((nb) * BITS_PER_LONG / sizeof(long))

static int convert_variable_type(Dwarf_Die *vr_die,
				 struct probe_trace_arg *tvar,
				 const char *cast)
{
	struct probe_trace_arg_ref **ref_ptr = &tvar->ref;
	Dwarf_Die type;
	char buf[16];
	int bsize, boffs, total;
	int ret;

	/* TODO: check all types */
	if (cast && strcmp(cast, "string") != 0) {
		/* Non string type is OK */
		tvar->type = strdup(cast);
		return (tvar->type == NULL) ? -ENOMEM : 0;
	}

	bsize = dwarf_bitsize(vr_die);
	if (bsize > 0) {
		/* This is a bitfield */
		boffs = dwarf_bitoffset(vr_die);
		total = dwarf_bytesize(vr_die);
		if (boffs < 0 || total < 0)
			return -ENOENT;
		ret = snprintf(buf, 16, "b%d@%d/%zd", bsize, boffs,
				BYTES_TO_BITS(total));
		goto formatted;
	}

	if (die_get_real_type(vr_die, &type) == NULL) {
		pr_warning("Failed to get a type information of %s.\n",
			   dwarf_diename(vr_die));
		return -ENOENT;
	}

	pr_debug("%s type is %s.\n",
		 dwarf_diename(vr_die), dwarf_diename(&type));

	if (cast && strcmp(cast, "string") == 0) {	/* String type */
		ret = dwarf_tag(&type);
		if (ret != DW_TAG_pointer_type &&
		    ret != DW_TAG_array_type) {
			pr_warning("Failed to cast into string: "
				   "%s(%s) is not a pointer nor array.\n",
				   dwarf_diename(vr_die), dwarf_diename(&type));
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		if (ret == DW_TAG_pointer_type) {
			if (die_get_real_type(&type, &type) == NULL) {
				pr_warning("Failed to get a type"
					   " information.\n");
				return -ENOENT;
			}
			while (*ref_ptr)
				ref_ptr = &(*ref_ptr)->next;
			/* Add new reference with offset +0 */
			*ref_ptr = zalloc(sizeof(struct probe_trace_arg_ref));
			if (*ref_ptr == NULL) {
				pr_warning("Out of memory error\n");
				return -ENOMEM;
			}
		}
		if (!die_compare_name(&type, "char") &&
		    !die_compare_name(&type, "unsigned char")) {
			pr_warning("Failed to cast into string: "
				   "%s is not (unsigned) char *.\n",
				   dwarf_diename(vr_die));
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		tvar->type = strdup(cast);
		return (tvar->type == NULL) ? -ENOMEM : 0;
	}

	ret = dwarf_bytesize(&type);
	if (ret <= 0)
		/* No size ... try to use default type */
		return 0;
	ret = BYTES_TO_BITS(ret);

	/* Check the bitwidth */
	if (ret > MAX_BASIC_TYPE_BITS) {
		pr_info("%s exceeds max-bitwidth. Cut down to %d bits.\n",
			dwarf_diename(&type), MAX_BASIC_TYPE_BITS);
		ret = MAX_BASIC_TYPE_BITS;
	}
	ret = snprintf(buf, 16, "%c%d",
		       die_is_signed_type(&type) ? 's' : 'u', ret);

formatted:
	if (ret < 0 || ret >= 16) {
		if (ret >= 16)
			ret = -E2BIG;
		pr_warning("Failed to convert variable type: %s\n",
			   strerror(-ret));
		return ret;
	}
	tvar->type = strdup(buf);
	if (tvar->type == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	return 0;
}

static int convert_variable_fields(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, const char *varname,
				    struct perf_probe_arg_field *field,
				    struct probe_trace_arg_ref **ref_ptr,
				    Dwarf_Die *die_mem)
{
	struct probe_trace_arg_ref *ref = *ref_ptr;
	Dwarf_Die type;
	Dwarf_Word offs;
	int ret, tag;

	pr_debug("converting %s in %s\n", field->name, varname);
	if (die_get_real_type(vr_die, &type) == NULL) {
		pr_warning("Failed to get the type of %s.\n", varname);
		return -ENOENT;
	}
	pr_debug2("Var real type: (%x)\n", (unsigned)dwarf_dieoffset(&type));
	tag = dwarf_tag(&type);

	if (field->name[0] == '[' &&
	    (tag == DW_TAG_array_type || tag == DW_TAG_pointer_type)) {
		if (field->next)
			/* Save original type for next field */
			memcpy(die_mem, &type, sizeof(*die_mem));
		/* Get the type of this array */
		if (die_get_real_type(&type, &type) == NULL) {
			pr_warning("Failed to get the type of %s.\n", varname);
			return -ENOENT;
		}
		pr_debug2("Array real type: (%x)\n",
			 (unsigned)dwarf_dieoffset(&type));
		if (tag == DW_TAG_pointer_type) {
			ref = zalloc(sizeof(struct probe_trace_arg_ref));
			if (ref == NULL)
				return -ENOMEM;
			if (*ref_ptr)
				(*ref_ptr)->next = ref;
			else
				*ref_ptr = ref;
		}
		ref->offset += dwarf_bytesize(&type) * field->index;
		if (!field->next)
			/* Save vr_die for converting types */
			memcpy(die_mem, vr_die, sizeof(*die_mem));
		goto next;
	} else if (tag == DW_TAG_pointer_type) {
		/* Check the pointer and dereference */
		if (!field->ref) {
			pr_err("Semantic error: %s must be referred by '->'\n",
			       field->name);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		/* Get the type pointed by this pointer */
		if (die_get_real_type(&type, &type) == NULL) {
			pr_warning("Failed to get the type of %s.\n", varname);
			return -ENOENT;
		}
		/* Verify it is a data structure  */
		if (dwarf_tag(&type) != DW_TAG_structure_type) {
			pr_warning("%s is not a data structure.\n", varname);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		ref = zalloc(sizeof(struct probe_trace_arg_ref));
		if (ref == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
		if (*ref_ptr)
			(*ref_ptr)->next = ref;
		else
			*ref_ptr = ref;
	} else {
		/* Verify it is a data structure  */
		if (tag != DW_TAG_structure_type) {
			pr_warning("%s is not a data structure.\n", varname);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		if (field->name[0] == '[') {
			pr_err("Semantic error: %s is not a pointor"
			       " nor array.\n", varname);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		if (field->ref) {
			pr_err("Semantic error: %s must be referred by '.'\n",
			       field->name);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		if (!ref) {
			pr_warning("Structure on a register is not "
				   "supported yet.\n");
			return -ENOTSUP;
		}
	}

	if (die_find_member(&type, field->name, die_mem) == NULL) {
		pr_warning("%s(tyep:%s) has no member %s.\n", varname,
			   dwarf_diename(&type), field->name);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Get the offset of the field */
	ret = die_get_data_member_location(die_mem, &offs);
	if (ret < 0) {
		pr_warning("Failed to get the offset of %s.\n", field->name);
		return ret;
	}
	ref->offset += (long)offs;

next:
	/* Converting next field */
	if (field->next)
		return convert_variable_fields(die_mem, field->name,
					field->next, &ref, die_mem);
	else
		return 0;
}

/* Show a variables in kprobe event format */
static int convert_variable(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	Dwarf_Die die_mem;
	int ret;

	pr_debug("Converting variable %s into trace event.\n",
		 dwarf_diename(vr_die));

	ret = convert_variable_location(vr_die, pf->addr, pf->fb_ops,
					pf->tvar);
	if (ret == -ENOENT)
		pr_err("Failed to find the location of %s at this address.\n"
		       " Perhaps, it has been optimized out.\n", pf->pvar->var);
	else if (ret == -ENOTSUP)
		pr_err("Sorry, we don't support this variable location yet.\n");
	else if (pf->pvar->field) {
		ret = convert_variable_fields(vr_die, pf->pvar->var,
					      pf->pvar->field, &pf->tvar->ref,
					      &die_mem);
		vr_die = &die_mem;
	}
	if (ret == 0)
		ret = convert_variable_type(vr_die, pf->tvar, pf->pvar->type);
	/* *expr will be cached in libdw. Don't free it. */
	return ret;
}

/* Find a variable in a scope DIE */
static int find_variable(Dwarf_Die *sc_die, struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	Dwarf_Die vr_die;
	char buf[32], *ptr;
	int ret = 0;

	if (!is_c_varname(pf->pvar->var)) {
		/* Copy raw parameters */
		pf->tvar->value = strdup(pf->pvar->var);
		if (pf->tvar->value == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
		if (pf->pvar->type) {
			pf->tvar->type = strdup(pf->pvar->type);
			if (pf->tvar->type == NULL)
				return -ENOMEM;
		}
		if (pf->pvar->name) {
			pf->tvar->name = strdup(pf->pvar->name);
			if (pf->tvar->name == NULL)
				return -ENOMEM;
		} else
			pf->tvar->name = NULL;
		return 0;
	}

	if (pf->pvar->name)
		pf->tvar->name = strdup(pf->pvar->name);
	else {
		ret = synthesize_perf_probe_arg(pf->pvar, buf, 32);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;
		ptr = strchr(buf, ':');	/* Change type separator to _ */
		if (ptr)
			*ptr = '_';
		pf->tvar->name = strdup(buf);
	}
	if (pf->tvar->name == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	pr_debug("Searching '%s' variable in context.\n", pf->pvar->var);
	/* Search child die for local variables and parameters. */
	if (!die_find_variable_at(sc_die, pf->pvar->var, pf->addr, &vr_die)) {
		/* Search again in global variables */
		if (!die_find_variable_at(&pf->cu_die, pf->pvar->var, 0, &vr_die))
			ret = -ENOENT;
	}
	if (ret >= 0)
		ret = convert_variable(&vr_die, pf);

	if (ret < 0)
		pr_warning("Failed to find '%s' in this function.\n",
			   pf->pvar->var);
	return ret;
}

/* Convert subprogram DIE to trace point */
static int convert_to_trace_point(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, Dwarf_Addr paddr,
				  bool retprobe, struct probe_trace_point *tp)
{
	Dwarf_Addr eaddr, highaddr;
	const char *name;

	/* Copy the name of probe point */
	name = dwarf_diename(sp_die);
	if (name) {
		if (dwarf_entrypc(sp_die, &eaddr) != 0) {
			pr_warning("Failed to get entry address of %s\n",
				   dwarf_diename(sp_die));
			return -ENOENT;
		}
		if (dwarf_highpc(sp_die, &highaddr) != 0) {
			pr_warning("Failed to get end address of %s\n",
				   dwarf_diename(sp_die));
			return -ENOENT;
		}
		if (paddr > highaddr) {
			pr_warning("Offset specified is greater than size of %s\n",
				   dwarf_diename(sp_die));
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		tp->symbol = strdup(name);
		if (tp->symbol == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
		tp->offset = (unsigned long)(paddr - eaddr);
	} else
		/* This function has no name. */
		tp->offset = (unsigned long)paddr;

	/* Return probe must be on the head of a subprogram */
	if (retprobe) {
		if (eaddr != paddr) {
			pr_warning("Return probe must be on the head of"
				   " a real function.\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		tp->retprobe = true;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Call probe_finder callback with scope DIE */
static int call_probe_finder(Dwarf_Die *sc_die, struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	Dwarf_Attribute fb_attr;
	size_t nops;
	int ret;

	if (!sc_die) {
		pr_err("Caller must pass a scope DIE. Program error.\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* If not a real subprogram, find a real one */
	if (dwarf_tag(sc_die) != DW_TAG_subprogram) {
		if (!die_find_realfunc(&pf->cu_die, pf->addr, &pf->sp_die)) {
			pr_warning("Failed to find probe point in any "
				   "functions.\n");
			return -ENOENT;
		}
	} else
		memcpy(&pf->sp_die, sc_die, sizeof(Dwarf_Die));

	/* Get the frame base attribute/ops from subprogram */
	dwarf_attr(&pf->sp_die, DW_AT_frame_base, &fb_attr);
	ret = dwarf_getlocation_addr(&fb_attr, pf->addr, &pf->fb_ops, &nops, 1);
	if (ret <= 0 || nops == 0) {
		pf->fb_ops = NULL;
#if _ELFUTILS_PREREQ(0, 142)
	} else if (nops == 1 && pf->fb_ops[0].atom == DW_OP_call_frame_cfa &&
		   pf->cfi != NULL) {
		Dwarf_Frame *frame;
		if (dwarf_cfi_addrframe(pf->cfi, pf->addr, &frame) != 0 ||
		    dwarf_frame_cfa(frame, &pf->fb_ops, &nops) != 0) {
			pr_warning("Failed to get call frame on 0x%jx\n",
				   (uintmax_t)pf->addr);
			return -ENOENT;
		}
#endif
	}

	/* Call finder's callback handler */
	ret = pf->callback(sc_die, pf);

	/* *pf->fb_ops will be cached in libdw. Don't free it. */
	pf->fb_ops = NULL;

	return ret;
}

struct find_scope_param {
	const char *function;
	const char *file;
	int line;
	int diff;
	Dwarf_Die *die_mem;
	bool found;
};

static int find_best_scope_cb(Dwarf_Die *fn_die, void *data)
{
	struct find_scope_param *fsp = data;
	const char *file;
	int lno;

	/* Skip if declared file name does not match */
	if (fsp->file) {
		file = dwarf_decl_file(fn_die);
		if (!file || strcmp(fsp->file, file) != 0)
			return 0;
	}
	/* If the function name is given, that's what user expects */
	if (fsp->function) {
		if (die_compare_name(fn_die, fsp->function)) {
			memcpy(fsp->die_mem, fn_die, sizeof(Dwarf_Die));
			fsp->found = true;
			return 1;
		}
	} else {
		/* With the line number, find the nearest declared DIE */
		dwarf_decl_line(fn_die, &lno);
		if (lno < fsp->line && fsp->diff > fsp->line - lno) {
			/* Keep a candidate and continue */
			fsp->diff = fsp->line - lno;
			memcpy(fsp->die_mem, fn_die, sizeof(Dwarf_Die));
			fsp->found = true;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

/* Find an appropriate scope fits to given conditions */
static Dwarf_Die *find_best_scope(struct probe_finder *pf, Dwarf_Die *die_mem)
{
	struct find_scope_param fsp = {
		.function = pf->pev->point.function,
		.file = pf->fname,
		.line = pf->lno,
		.diff = INT_MAX,
		.die_mem = die_mem,
		.found = false,
	};

	cu_walk_functions_at(&pf->cu_die, pf->addr, find_best_scope_cb, &fsp);

	return fsp.found ? die_mem : NULL;
}

static int probe_point_line_walker(const char *fname, int lineno,
				   Dwarf_Addr addr, void *data)
{
	struct probe_finder *pf = data;
	Dwarf_Die *sc_die, die_mem;
	int ret;

	if (lineno != pf->lno || strtailcmp(fname, pf->fname) != 0)
		return 0;

	pf->addr = addr;
	sc_die = find_best_scope(pf, &die_mem);
	if (!sc_die) {
		pr_warning("Failed to find scope of probe point.\n");
		return -ENOENT;
	}

	ret = call_probe_finder(sc_die, pf);

	/* Continue if no error, because the line will be in inline function */
	return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
}

/* Find probe point from its line number */
static int find_probe_point_by_line(struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	return die_walk_lines(&pf->cu_die, probe_point_line_walker, pf);
}

/* Find lines which match lazy pattern */
static int find_lazy_match_lines(struct list_head *head,
				 const char *fname, const char *pat)
{
	FILE *fp;
	char *line = NULL;
	size_t line_len;
	ssize_t len;
	int count = 0, linenum = 1;

	fp = fopen(fname, "r");
	if (!fp) {
		pr_warning("Failed to open %s: %s\n", fname, strerror(errno));
		return -errno;
	}

	while ((len = getline(&line, &line_len, fp)) > 0) {

		if (line[len - 1] == '\n')
			line[len - 1] = '\0';

		if (strlazymatch(line, pat)) {
			line_list__add_line(head, linenum);
			count++;
		}
		linenum++;
	}

	if (ferror(fp))
		count = -errno;
	free(line);
	fclose(fp);

	if (count == 0)
		pr_debug("No matched lines found in %s.\n", fname);
	return count;
}

static int probe_point_lazy_walker(const char *fname, int lineno,
				   Dwarf_Addr addr, void *data)
{
	struct probe_finder *pf = data;
	Dwarf_Die *sc_die, die_mem;
	int ret;

	if (!line_list__has_line(&pf->lcache, lineno) ||
	    strtailcmp(fname, pf->fname) != 0)
		return 0;

	pr_debug("Probe line found: line:%d addr:0x%llx\n",
		 lineno, (unsigned long long)addr);
	pf->addr = addr;
	pf->lno = lineno;
	sc_die = find_best_scope(pf, &die_mem);
	if (!sc_die) {
		pr_warning("Failed to find scope of probe point.\n");
		return -ENOENT;
	}

	ret = call_probe_finder(sc_die, pf);

	/*
	 * Continue if no error, because the lazy pattern will match
	 * to other lines
	 */
	return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
}

/* Find probe points from lazy pattern  */
static int find_probe_point_lazy(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	int ret = 0;

	if (list_empty(&pf->lcache)) {
		/* Matching lazy line pattern */
		ret = find_lazy_match_lines(&pf->lcache, pf->fname,
					    pf->pev->point.lazy_line);
		if (ret <= 0)
			return ret;
	}

	return die_walk_lines(sp_die, probe_point_lazy_walker, pf);
}

static int probe_point_inline_cb(Dwarf_Die *in_die, void *data)
{
	struct probe_finder *pf = data;
	struct perf_probe_point *pp = &pf->pev->point;
	Dwarf_Addr addr;
	int ret;

	if (pp->lazy_line)
		ret = find_probe_point_lazy(in_die, pf);
	else {
		/* Get probe address */
		if (dwarf_entrypc(in_die, &addr) != 0) {
			pr_warning("Failed to get entry address of %s.\n",
				   dwarf_diename(in_die));
			return -ENOENT;
		}
		pf->addr = addr;
		pf->addr += pp->offset;
		pr_debug("found inline addr: 0x%jx\n",
			 (uintmax_t)pf->addr);

		ret = call_probe_finder(in_die, pf);
	}

	return ret;
}

/* Callback parameter with return value for libdw */
struct dwarf_callback_param {
	void *data;
	int retval;
};

/* Search function from function name */
static int probe_point_search_cb(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, void *data)
{
	struct dwarf_callback_param *param = data;
	struct probe_finder *pf = param->data;
	struct perf_probe_point *pp = &pf->pev->point;
	Dwarf_Attribute attr;

	/* Check tag and diename */
	if (dwarf_tag(sp_die) != DW_TAG_subprogram ||
	    !die_compare_name(sp_die, pp->function) ||
	    dwarf_attr(sp_die, DW_AT_declaration, &attr))
		return DWARF_CB_OK;

	/* Check declared file */
	if (pp->file && strtailcmp(pp->file, dwarf_decl_file(sp_die)))
		return DWARF_CB_OK;

	pf->fname = dwarf_decl_file(sp_die);
	if (pp->line) { /* Function relative line */
		dwarf_decl_line(sp_die, &pf->lno);
		pf->lno += pp->line;
		param->retval = find_probe_point_by_line(pf);
	} else if (!dwarf_func_inline(sp_die)) {
		/* Real function */
		if (pp->lazy_line)
			param->retval = find_probe_point_lazy(sp_die, pf);
		else {
			if (dwarf_entrypc(sp_die, &pf->addr) != 0) {
				pr_warning("Failed to get entry address of "
					   "%s.\n", dwarf_diename(sp_die));
				param->retval = -ENOENT;
				return DWARF_CB_ABORT;
			}
			pf->addr += pp->offset;
			/* TODO: Check the address in this function */
			param->retval = call_probe_finder(sp_die, pf);
		}
	} else
		/* Inlined function: search instances */
		param->retval = die_walk_instances(sp_die,
					probe_point_inline_cb, (void *)pf);

	return DWARF_CB_ABORT; /* Exit; no same symbol in this CU. */
}

static int find_probe_point_by_func(struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	struct dwarf_callback_param _param = {.data = (void *)pf,
					      .retval = 0};
	dwarf_getfuncs(&pf->cu_die, probe_point_search_cb, &_param, 0);
	return _param.retval;
}

struct pubname_callback_param {
	char *function;
	char *file;
	Dwarf_Die *cu_die;
	Dwarf_Die *sp_die;
	int found;
};

static int pubname_search_cb(Dwarf *dbg, Dwarf_Global *gl, void *data)
{
	struct pubname_callback_param *param = data;

	if (dwarf_offdie(dbg, gl->die_offset, param->sp_die)) {
		if (dwarf_tag(param->sp_die) != DW_TAG_subprogram)
			return DWARF_CB_OK;

		if (die_compare_name(param->sp_die, param->function)) {
			if (!dwarf_offdie(dbg, gl->cu_offset, param->cu_die))
				return DWARF_CB_OK;

			if (param->file &&
			    strtailcmp(param->file, dwarf_decl_file(param->sp_die)))
				return DWARF_CB_OK;

			param->found = 1;
			return DWARF_CB_ABORT;
		}
	}

	return DWARF_CB_OK;
}

/* Find probe points from debuginfo */
static int debuginfo__find_probes(struct debuginfo *self,
				  struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	struct perf_probe_point *pp = &pf->pev->point;
	Dwarf_Off off, noff;
	size_t cuhl;
	Dwarf_Die *diep;
	int ret = 0;

#if _ELFUTILS_PREREQ(0, 142)
	/* Get the call frame information from this dwarf */
	pf->cfi = dwarf_getcfi(self->dbg);
#endif

	off = 0;
	line_list__init(&pf->lcache);

	/* Fastpath: lookup by function name from .debug_pubnames section */
	if (pp->function) {
		struct pubname_callback_param pubname_param = {
			.function = pp->function,
			.file	  = pp->file,
			.cu_die	  = &pf->cu_die,
			.sp_die	  = &pf->sp_die,
			.found	  = 0,
		};
		struct dwarf_callback_param probe_param = {
			.data = pf,
		};

		dwarf_getpubnames(self->dbg, pubname_search_cb,
				  &pubname_param, 0);
		if (pubname_param.found) {
			ret = probe_point_search_cb(&pf->sp_die, &probe_param);
			if (ret)
				goto found;
		}
	}

	/* Loop on CUs (Compilation Unit) */
	while (!dwarf_nextcu(self->dbg, off, &noff, &cuhl, NULL, NULL, NULL)) {
		/* Get the DIE(Debugging Information Entry) of this CU */
		diep = dwarf_offdie(self->dbg, off + cuhl, &pf->cu_die);
		if (!diep)
			continue;

		/* Check if target file is included. */
		if (pp->file)
			pf->fname = cu_find_realpath(&pf->cu_die, pp->file);
		else
			pf->fname = NULL;

		if (!pp->file || pf->fname) {
			if (pp->function)
				ret = find_probe_point_by_func(pf);
			else if (pp->lazy_line)
				ret = find_probe_point_lazy(NULL, pf);
			else {
				pf->lno = pp->line;
				ret = find_probe_point_by_line(pf);
			}
			if (ret < 0)
				break;
		}
		off = noff;
	}

found:
	line_list__free(&pf->lcache);

	return ret;
}

/* Add a found probe point into trace event list */
static int add_probe_trace_event(Dwarf_Die *sc_die, struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	struct trace_event_finder *tf =
			container_of(pf, struct trace_event_finder, pf);
	struct probe_trace_event *tev;
	int ret, i;

	/* Check number of tevs */
	if (tf->ntevs == tf->max_tevs) {
		pr_warning("Too many( > %d) probe point found.\n",
			   tf->max_tevs);
		return -ERANGE;
	}
	tev = &tf->tevs[tf->ntevs++];

	/* Trace point should be converted from subprogram DIE */
	ret = convert_to_trace_point(&pf->sp_die, pf->addr,
				     pf->pev->point.retprobe, &tev->point);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	pr_debug("Probe point found: %s+%lu\n", tev->point.symbol,
		 tev->point.offset);

	/* Find each argument */
	tev->nargs = pf->pev->nargs;
	tev->args = zalloc(sizeof(struct probe_trace_arg) * tev->nargs);
	if (tev->args == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	for (i = 0; i < pf->pev->nargs; i++) {
		pf->pvar = &pf->pev->args[i];
		pf->tvar = &tev->args[i];
		/* Variable should be found from scope DIE */
		ret = find_variable(sc_die, pf);
		if (ret != 0)
			return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Find probe_trace_events specified by perf_probe_event from debuginfo */
int debuginfo__find_trace_events(struct debuginfo *self,
				 struct perf_probe_event *pev,
				 struct probe_trace_event **tevs, int max_tevs)
{
	struct trace_event_finder tf = {
			.pf = {.pev = pev, .callback = add_probe_trace_event},
			.max_tevs = max_tevs};
	int ret;

	/* Allocate result tevs array */
	*tevs = zalloc(sizeof(struct probe_trace_event) * max_tevs);
	if (*tevs == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	tf.tevs = *tevs;
	tf.ntevs = 0;

	ret = debuginfo__find_probes(self, &tf.pf);
	if (ret < 0) {
		free(*tevs);
		*tevs = NULL;
		return ret;
	}

	return (ret < 0) ? ret : tf.ntevs;
}

#define MAX_VAR_LEN 64

/* Collect available variables in this scope */
static int collect_variables_cb(Dwarf_Die *die_mem, void *data)
{
	struct available_var_finder *af = data;
	struct variable_list *vl;
	char buf[MAX_VAR_LEN];
	int tag, ret;

	vl = &af->vls[af->nvls - 1];

	tag = dwarf_tag(die_mem);
	if (tag == DW_TAG_formal_parameter ||
	    tag == DW_TAG_variable) {
		ret = convert_variable_location(die_mem, af->pf.addr,
						af->pf.fb_ops, NULL);
		if (ret == 0) {
			ret = die_get_varname(die_mem, buf, MAX_VAR_LEN);
			pr_debug2("Add new var: %s\n", buf);
			if (ret > 0)
				strlist__add(vl->vars, buf);
		}
	}

	if (af->child && dwarf_haspc(die_mem, af->pf.addr))
		return DIE_FIND_CB_CONTINUE;
	else
		return DIE_FIND_CB_SIBLING;
}

/* Add a found vars into available variables list */
static int add_available_vars(Dwarf_Die *sc_die, struct probe_finder *pf)
{
	struct available_var_finder *af =
			container_of(pf, struct available_var_finder, pf);
	struct variable_list *vl;
	Dwarf_Die die_mem;
	int ret;

	/* Check number of tevs */
	if (af->nvls == af->max_vls) {
		pr_warning("Too many( > %d) probe point found.\n", af->max_vls);
		return -ERANGE;
	}
	vl = &af->vls[af->nvls++];

	/* Trace point should be converted from subprogram DIE */
	ret = convert_to_trace_point(&pf->sp_die, pf->addr,
				     pf->pev->point.retprobe, &vl->point);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	pr_debug("Probe point found: %s+%lu\n", vl->point.symbol,
		 vl->point.offset);

	/* Find local variables */
	vl->vars = strlist__new(true, NULL);
	if (vl->vars == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	af->child = true;
	die_find_child(sc_die, collect_variables_cb, (void *)af, &die_mem);

	/* Find external variables */
	if (!af->externs)
		goto out;
	/* Don't need to search child DIE for externs. */
	af->child = false;
	die_find_child(&pf->cu_die, collect_variables_cb, (void *)af, &die_mem);

out:
	if (strlist__empty(vl->vars)) {
		strlist__delete(vl->vars);
		vl->vars = NULL;
	}

	return ret;
}

/* Find available variables at given probe point */
int debuginfo__find_available_vars_at(struct debuginfo *self,
				      struct perf_probe_event *pev,
				      struct variable_list **vls,
				      int max_vls, bool externs)
{
	struct available_var_finder af = {
			.pf = {.pev = pev, .callback = add_available_vars},
			.max_vls = max_vls, .externs = externs};
	int ret;

	/* Allocate result vls array */
	*vls = zalloc(sizeof(struct variable_list) * max_vls);
	if (*vls == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	af.vls = *vls;
	af.nvls = 0;

	ret = debuginfo__find_probes(self, &af.pf);
	if (ret < 0) {
		/* Free vlist for error */
		while (af.nvls--) {
			if (af.vls[af.nvls].point.symbol)
				free(af.vls[af.nvls].point.symbol);
			if (af.vls[af.nvls].vars)
				strlist__delete(af.vls[af.nvls].vars);
		}
		free(af.vls);
		*vls = NULL;
		return ret;
	}

	return (ret < 0) ? ret : af.nvls;
}

/* Reverse search */
int debuginfo__find_probe_point(struct debuginfo *self, unsigned long addr,
				struct perf_probe_point *ppt)
{
	Dwarf_Die cudie, spdie, indie;
	Dwarf_Addr _addr, baseaddr;
	const char *fname = NULL, *func = NULL, *tmp;
	int baseline = 0, lineno = 0, ret = 0;

	/* Adjust address with bias */
	addr += self->bias;

	/* Find cu die */
	if (!dwarf_addrdie(self->dbg, (Dwarf_Addr)addr - self->bias, &cudie)) {
		pr_warning("Failed to find debug information for address %lx\n",
			   addr);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto end;
	}

	/* Find a corresponding line (filename and lineno) */
	cu_find_lineinfo(&cudie, addr, &fname, &lineno);
	/* Don't care whether it failed or not */

	/* Find a corresponding function (name, baseline and baseaddr) */
	if (die_find_realfunc(&cudie, (Dwarf_Addr)addr, &spdie)) {
		/* Get function entry information */
		tmp = dwarf_diename(&spdie);
		if (!tmp ||
		    dwarf_entrypc(&spdie, &baseaddr) != 0 ||
		    dwarf_decl_line(&spdie, &baseline) != 0)
			goto post;
		func = tmp;

		if (addr == (unsigned long)baseaddr)
			/* Function entry - Relative line number is 0 */
			lineno = baseline;
		else if (die_find_inlinefunc(&spdie, (Dwarf_Addr)addr,
					     &indie)) {
			if (dwarf_entrypc(&indie, &_addr) == 0 &&
			    _addr == addr)
				/*
				 * addr is at an inline function entry.
				 * In this case, lineno should be the call-site
				 * line number.
				 */
				lineno = die_get_call_lineno(&indie);
			else {
				/*
				 * addr is in an inline function body.
				 * Since lineno points one of the lines
				 * of the inline function, baseline should
				 * be the entry line of the inline function.
				 */
				tmp = dwarf_diename(&indie);
				if (tmp &&
				    dwarf_decl_line(&spdie, &baseline) == 0)
					func = tmp;
			}
		}
	}

post:
	/* Make a relative line number or an offset */
	if (lineno)
		ppt->line = lineno - baseline;
	else if (func)
		ppt->offset = addr - (unsigned long)baseaddr;

	/* Duplicate strings */
	if (func) {
		ppt->function = strdup(func);
		if (ppt->function == NULL) {
			ret = -ENOMEM;
			goto end;
		}
	}
	if (fname) {
		ppt->file = strdup(fname);
		if (ppt->file == NULL) {
			if (ppt->function) {
				free(ppt->function);
				ppt->function = NULL;
			}
			ret = -ENOMEM;
			goto end;
		}
	}
end:
	if (ret == 0 && (fname || func))
		ret = 1;	/* Found a point */
	return ret;
}

/* Add a line and store the src path */
static int line_range_add_line(const char *src, unsigned int lineno,
			       struct line_range *lr)
{
	/* Copy source path */
	if (!lr->path) {
		lr->path = strdup(src);
		if (lr->path == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
	}
	return line_list__add_line(&lr->line_list, lineno);
}

static int line_range_walk_cb(const char *fname, int lineno,
			      Dwarf_Addr addr __used,
			      void *data)
{
	struct line_finder *lf = data;

	if ((strtailcmp(fname, lf->fname) != 0) ||
	    (lf->lno_s > lineno || lf->lno_e < lineno))
		return 0;

	if (line_range_add_line(fname, lineno, lf->lr) < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	return 0;
}

/* Find line range from its line number */
static int find_line_range_by_line(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, struct line_finder *lf)
{
	int ret;

	ret = die_walk_lines(sp_die ?: &lf->cu_die, line_range_walk_cb, lf);

	/* Update status */
	if (ret >= 0)
		if (!list_empty(&lf->lr->line_list))
			ret = lf->found = 1;
		else
			ret = 0;	/* Lines are not found */
	else {
		free(lf->lr->path);
		lf->lr->path = NULL;
	}
	return ret;
}

static int line_range_inline_cb(Dwarf_Die *in_die, void *data)
{
	find_line_range_by_line(in_die, data);

	/*
	 * We have to check all instances of inlined function, because
	 * some execution paths can be optimized out depends on the
	 * function argument of instances
	 */
	return 0;
}

/* Search function from function name */
static int line_range_search_cb(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, void *data)
{
	struct dwarf_callback_param *param = data;
	struct line_finder *lf = param->data;
	struct line_range *lr = lf->lr;

	/* Check declared file */
	if (lr->file && strtailcmp(lr->file, dwarf_decl_file(sp_die)))
		return DWARF_CB_OK;

	if (dwarf_tag(sp_die) == DW_TAG_subprogram &&
	    die_compare_name(sp_die, lr->function)) {
		lf->fname = dwarf_decl_file(sp_die);
		dwarf_decl_line(sp_die, &lr->offset);
		pr_debug("fname: %s, lineno:%d\n", lf->fname, lr->offset);
		lf->lno_s = lr->offset + lr->start;
		if (lf->lno_s < 0)	/* Overflow */
			lf->lno_s = INT_MAX;
		lf->lno_e = lr->offset + lr->end;
		if (lf->lno_e < 0)	/* Overflow */
			lf->lno_e = INT_MAX;
		pr_debug("New line range: %d to %d\n", lf->lno_s, lf->lno_e);
		lr->start = lf->lno_s;
		lr->end = lf->lno_e;
		if (dwarf_func_inline(sp_die))
			param->retval = die_walk_instances(sp_die,
						line_range_inline_cb, lf);
		else
			param->retval = find_line_range_by_line(sp_die, lf);
		return DWARF_CB_ABORT;
	}
	return DWARF_CB_OK;
}

static int find_line_range_by_func(struct line_finder *lf)
{
	struct dwarf_callback_param param = {.data = (void *)lf, .retval = 0};
	dwarf_getfuncs(&lf->cu_die, line_range_search_cb, &param, 0);
	return param.retval;
}

int debuginfo__find_line_range(struct debuginfo *self, struct line_range *lr)
{
	struct line_finder lf = {.lr = lr, .found = 0};
	int ret = 0;
	Dwarf_Off off = 0, noff;
	size_t cuhl;
	Dwarf_Die *diep;
	const char *comp_dir;

	/* Fastpath: lookup by function name from .debug_pubnames section */
	if (lr->function) {
		struct pubname_callback_param pubname_param = {
			.function = lr->function, .file = lr->file,
			.cu_die = &lf.cu_die, .sp_die = &lf.sp_die, .found = 0};
		struct dwarf_callback_param line_range_param = {
			.data = (void *)&lf, .retval = 0};

		dwarf_getpubnames(self->dbg, pubname_search_cb,
				  &pubname_param, 0);
		if (pubname_param.found) {
			line_range_search_cb(&lf.sp_die, &line_range_param);
			if (lf.found)
				goto found;
		}
	}

	/* Loop on CUs (Compilation Unit) */
	while (!lf.found && ret >= 0) {
		if (dwarf_nextcu(self->dbg, off, &noff, &cuhl,
				 NULL, NULL, NULL) != 0)
			break;

		/* Get the DIE(Debugging Information Entry) of this CU */
		diep = dwarf_offdie(self->dbg, off + cuhl, &lf.cu_die);
		if (!diep)
			continue;

		/* Check if target file is included. */
		if (lr->file)
			lf.fname = cu_find_realpath(&lf.cu_die, lr->file);
		else
			lf.fname = 0;

		if (!lr->file || lf.fname) {
			if (lr->function)
				ret = find_line_range_by_func(&lf);
			else {
				lf.lno_s = lr->start;
				lf.lno_e = lr->end;
				ret = find_line_range_by_line(NULL, &lf);
			}
		}
		off = noff;
	}

found:
	/* Store comp_dir */
	if (lf.found) {
		comp_dir = cu_get_comp_dir(&lf.cu_die);
		if (comp_dir) {
			lr->comp_dir = strdup(comp_dir);
			if (!lr->comp_dir)
				ret = -ENOMEM;
		}
	}

	pr_debug("path: %s\n", lr->path);
	return (ret < 0) ? ret : lf.found;
}