Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
/*
 *  Routines for driver control interface
 *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
 *
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 */

#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/minors.h>
#include <sound/info.h>
#include <sound/control.h>

/* max number of user-defined controls */
#define MAX_USER_CONTROLS	32
#define MAX_CONTROL_COUNT	1028

struct snd_kctl_ioctl {
	struct list_head list;		/* list of all ioctls */
	snd_kctl_ioctl_func_t fioctl;
};

static DECLARE_RWSEM(snd_ioctl_rwsem);
static LIST_HEAD(snd_control_ioctls);
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static LIST_HEAD(snd_control_compat_ioctls);
#endif

static int snd_ctl_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct snd_card *card;
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;
	int err;

	err = nonseekable_open(inode, file);
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

	card = snd_lookup_minor_data(iminor(inode), SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_CONTROL);
	if (!card) {
		err = -ENODEV;
		goto __error1;
	}
	err = snd_card_file_add(card, file);
	if (err < 0) {
		err = -ENODEV;
		goto __error1;
	}
	if (!try_module_get(card->module)) {
		err = -EFAULT;
		goto __error2;
	}
	ctl = kzalloc(sizeof(*ctl), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (ctl == NULL) {
		err = -ENOMEM;
		goto __error;
	}
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctl->events);
	init_waitqueue_head(&ctl->change_sleep);
	spin_lock_init(&ctl->read_lock);
	ctl->card = card;
	ctl->prefer_pcm_subdevice = -1;
	ctl->prefer_rawmidi_subdevice = -1;
	ctl->pid = get_pid(task_pid(current));
	file->private_data = ctl;
	write_lock_irqsave(&card->ctl_files_rwlock, flags);
	list_add_tail(&ctl->list, &card->ctl_files);
	write_unlock_irqrestore(&card->ctl_files_rwlock, flags);
	return 0;

      __error:
	module_put(card->module);
      __error2:
	snd_card_file_remove(card, file);
      __error1:
      	return err;
}

static void snd_ctl_empty_read_queue(struct snd_ctl_file * ctl)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct snd_kctl_event *cread;
	
	spin_lock_irqsave(&ctl->read_lock, flags);
	while (!list_empty(&ctl->events)) {
		cread = snd_kctl_event(ctl->events.next);
		list_del(&cread->list);
		kfree(cread);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctl->read_lock, flags);
}

static int snd_ctl_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct snd_card *card;
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol *control;
	unsigned int idx;

	ctl = file->private_data;
	file->private_data = NULL;
	card = ctl->card;
	write_lock_irqsave(&card->ctl_files_rwlock, flags);
	list_del(&ctl->list);
	write_unlock_irqrestore(&card->ctl_files_rwlock, flags);
	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	list_for_each_entry(control, &card->controls, list)
		for (idx = 0; idx < control->count; idx++)
			if (control->vd[idx].owner == ctl)
				control->vd[idx].owner = NULL;
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	snd_ctl_empty_read_queue(ctl);
	put_pid(ctl->pid);
	kfree(ctl);
	module_put(card->module);
	snd_card_file_remove(card, file);
	return 0;
}

void snd_ctl_notify(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int mask,
		    struct snd_ctl_elem_id *id)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;
	struct snd_kctl_event *ev;
	
	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card || !id))
		return;
	read_lock(&card->ctl_files_rwlock);
#if defined(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS_MODULE)
	card->mixer_oss_change_count++;
#endif
	list_for_each_entry(ctl, &card->ctl_files, list) {
		if (!ctl->subscribed)
			continue;
		spin_lock_irqsave(&ctl->read_lock, flags);
		list_for_each_entry(ev, &ctl->events, list) {
			if (ev->id.numid == id->numid) {
				ev->mask |= mask;
				goto _found;
			}
		}
		ev = kzalloc(sizeof(*ev), GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (ev) {
			ev->id = *id;
			ev->mask = mask;
			list_add_tail(&ev->list, &ctl->events);
		} else {
			snd_printk(KERN_ERR "No memory available to allocate event\n");
		}
	_found:
		wake_up(&ctl->change_sleep);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctl->read_lock, flags);
		kill_fasync(&ctl->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
	}
	read_unlock(&card->ctl_files_rwlock);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_notify);

/**
 * snd_ctl_new - create a control instance from the template
 * @control: the control template
 * @access: the default control access
 *
 * Allocates a new struct snd_kcontrol instance and copies the given template 
 * to the new instance. It does not copy volatile data (access).
 *
 * Returns the pointer of the new instance, or NULL on failure.
 */
static struct snd_kcontrol *snd_ctl_new(struct snd_kcontrol *control,
					unsigned int access)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	unsigned int idx;
	
	if (snd_BUG_ON(!control || !control->count))
		return NULL;

	if (control->count > MAX_CONTROL_COUNT)
		return NULL;

	kctl = kzalloc(sizeof(*kctl) + sizeof(struct snd_kcontrol_volatile) * control->count, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		snd_printk(KERN_ERR "Cannot allocate control instance\n");
		return NULL;
	}
	*kctl = *control;
	for (idx = 0; idx < kctl->count; idx++)
		kctl->vd[idx].access = access;
	return kctl;
}

/**
 * snd_ctl_new1 - create a control instance from the template
 * @ncontrol: the initialization record
 * @private_data: the private data to set
 *
 * Allocates a new struct snd_kcontrol instance and initialize from the given 
 * template.  When the access field of ncontrol is 0, it's assumed as
 * READWRITE access. When the count field is 0, it's assumes as one.
 *
 * Returns the pointer of the newly generated instance, or NULL on failure.
 */
struct snd_kcontrol *snd_ctl_new1(const struct snd_kcontrol_new *ncontrol,
				  void *private_data)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol kctl;
	unsigned int access;
	
	if (snd_BUG_ON(!ncontrol || !ncontrol->info))
		return NULL;
	memset(&kctl, 0, sizeof(kctl));
	kctl.id.iface = ncontrol->iface;
	kctl.id.device = ncontrol->device;
	kctl.id.subdevice = ncontrol->subdevice;
	if (ncontrol->name) {
		strlcpy(kctl.id.name, ncontrol->name, sizeof(kctl.id.name));
		if (strcmp(ncontrol->name, kctl.id.name) != 0)
			snd_printk(KERN_WARNING
				   "Control name '%s' truncated to '%s'\n",
				   ncontrol->name, kctl.id.name);
	}
	kctl.id.index = ncontrol->index;
	kctl.count = ncontrol->count ? ncontrol->count : 1;
	access = ncontrol->access == 0 ? SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_READWRITE :
		 (ncontrol->access & (SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_READWRITE|
				      SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE|
				      SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_READWRITE|
				      SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_COMMAND|
				      SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_CALLBACK));
	kctl.info = ncontrol->info;
	kctl.get = ncontrol->get;
	kctl.put = ncontrol->put;
	kctl.tlv.p = ncontrol->tlv.p;
	kctl.private_value = ncontrol->private_value;
	kctl.private_data = private_data;
	return snd_ctl_new(&kctl, access);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_new1);

/**
 * snd_ctl_free_one - release the control instance
 * @kcontrol: the control instance
 *
 * Releases the control instance created via snd_ctl_new()
 * or snd_ctl_new1().
 * Don't call this after the control was added to the card.
 */
void snd_ctl_free_one(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol)
{
	if (kcontrol) {
		if (kcontrol->private_free)
			kcontrol->private_free(kcontrol);
		kfree(kcontrol);
	}
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_free_one);

static bool snd_ctl_remove_numid_conflict(struct snd_card *card,
					  unsigned int count)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;

	list_for_each_entry(kctl, &card->controls, list) {
		if (kctl->id.numid < card->last_numid + 1 + count &&
		    kctl->id.numid + kctl->count > card->last_numid + 1) {
		    	card->last_numid = kctl->id.numid + kctl->count - 1;
			return true;
		}
	}
	return false;
}

static int snd_ctl_find_hole(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int count)
{
	unsigned int iter = 100000;

	while (snd_ctl_remove_numid_conflict(card, count)) {
		if (--iter == 0) {
			/* this situation is very unlikely */
			snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unable to allocate new control numid\n");
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

/**
 * snd_ctl_add - add the control instance to the card
 * @card: the card instance
 * @kcontrol: the control instance to add
 *
 * Adds the control instance created via snd_ctl_new() or
 * snd_ctl_new1() to the given card. Assigns also an unique
 * numid used for fast search.
 *
 * Returns zero if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 *
 * It frees automatically the control which cannot be added.
 */
int snd_ctl_add(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_id id;
	unsigned int idx;
	int err = -EINVAL;

	if (! kcontrol)
		return err;
	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card || !kcontrol->info))
		goto error;
	id = kcontrol->id;
	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	if (snd_ctl_find_id(card, &id)) {
		up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
		snd_printd(KERN_ERR "control %i:%i:%i:%s:%i is already present\n",
					id.iface,
					id.device,
					id.subdevice,
					id.name,
					id.index);
		err = -EBUSY;
		goto error;
	}
	if (snd_ctl_find_hole(card, kcontrol->count) < 0) {
		up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
		err = -ENOMEM;
		goto error;
	}
	list_add_tail(&kcontrol->list, &card->controls);
	card->controls_count += kcontrol->count;
	kcontrol->id.numid = card->last_numid + 1;
	card->last_numid += kcontrol->count;
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	for (idx = 0; idx < kcontrol->count; idx++, id.index++, id.numid++)
		snd_ctl_notify(card, SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_ADD, &id);
	return 0;

 error:
	snd_ctl_free_one(kcontrol);
	return err;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_add);

/**
 * snd_ctl_replace - replace the control instance of the card
 * @card: the card instance
 * @kcontrol: the control instance to replace
 * @add_on_replace: add the control if not already added
 *
 * Replaces the given control.  If the given control does not exist
 * and the add_on_replace flag is set, the control is added.  If the
 * control exists, it is destroyed first.
 *
 * Returns zero if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 *
 * It frees automatically the control which cannot be added or replaced.
 */
int snd_ctl_replace(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
		    bool add_on_replace)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_id id;
	unsigned int idx;
	struct snd_kcontrol *old;
	int ret;

	if (!kcontrol)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card || !kcontrol->info)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto error;
	}
	id = kcontrol->id;
	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	old = snd_ctl_find_id(card, &id);
	if (!old) {
		if (add_on_replace)
			goto add;
		up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto error;
	}
	ret = snd_ctl_remove(card, old);
	if (ret < 0) {
		up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
		goto error;
	}
add:
	if (snd_ctl_find_hole(card, kcontrol->count) < 0) {
		up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto error;
	}
	list_add_tail(&kcontrol->list, &card->controls);
	card->controls_count += kcontrol->count;
	kcontrol->id.numid = card->last_numid + 1;
	card->last_numid += kcontrol->count;
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	for (idx = 0; idx < kcontrol->count; idx++, id.index++, id.numid++)
		snd_ctl_notify(card, SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_ADD, &id);
	return 0;

error:
	snd_ctl_free_one(kcontrol);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_replace);

/**
 * snd_ctl_remove - remove the control from the card and release it
 * @card: the card instance
 * @kcontrol: the control instance to remove
 *
 * Removes the control from the card and then releases the instance.
 * You don't need to call snd_ctl_free_one(). You must be in
 * the write lock - down_write(&card->controls_rwsem).
 * 
 * Returns 0 if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int snd_ctl_remove(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_id id;
	unsigned int idx;

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card || !kcontrol))
		return -EINVAL;
	list_del(&kcontrol->list);
	card->controls_count -= kcontrol->count;
	id = kcontrol->id;
	for (idx = 0; idx < kcontrol->count; idx++, id.index++, id.numid++)
		snd_ctl_notify(card, SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_REMOVE, &id);
	snd_ctl_free_one(kcontrol);
	return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_remove);

/**
 * snd_ctl_remove_id - remove the control of the given id and release it
 * @card: the card instance
 * @id: the control id to remove
 *
 * Finds the control instance with the given id, removes it from the
 * card list and releases it.
 * 
 * Returns 0 if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int snd_ctl_remove_id(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_ctl_elem_id *id)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	int ret;

	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
		return -ENOENT;
	}
	ret = snd_ctl_remove(card, kctl);
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return ret;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_remove_id);

/**
 * snd_ctl_remove_user_ctl - remove and release the unlocked user control
 * @file: active control handle
 * @id: the control id to remove
 *
 * Finds the control instance with the given id, removes it from the
 * card list and releases it.
 * 
 * Returns 0 if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 */
static int snd_ctl_remove_user_ctl(struct snd_ctl_file * file,
				   struct snd_ctl_elem_id *id)
{
	struct snd_card *card = file->card;
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	int idx, ret;

	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		ret = -ENOENT;
		goto error;
	}
	if (!(kctl->vd[0].access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_USER)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto error;
	}
	for (idx = 0; idx < kctl->count; idx++)
		if (kctl->vd[idx].owner != NULL && kctl->vd[idx].owner != file) {
			ret = -EBUSY;
			goto error;
		}
	ret = snd_ctl_remove(card, kctl);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto error;
	card->user_ctl_count--;
error:
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * snd_ctl_activate_id - activate/inactivate the control of the given id
 * @card: the card instance
 * @id: the control id to activate/inactivate
 * @active: non-zero to activate
 *
 * Finds the control instance with the given id, and activate or
 * inactivate the control together with notification, if changed.
 *
 * Returns 0 if unchanged, 1 if changed, or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int snd_ctl_activate_id(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_ctl_elem_id *id,
			int active)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol_volatile *vd;
	unsigned int index_offset;
	int ret;

	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		ret = -ENOENT;
		goto unlock;
	}
	index_offset = snd_ctl_get_ioff(kctl, &kctl->id);
	vd = &kctl->vd[index_offset];
	ret = 0;
	if (active) {
		if (!(vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE))
			goto unlock;
		vd->access &= ~SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE;
	} else {
		if (vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE)
			goto unlock;
		vd->access |= SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE;
	}
	ret = 1;
 unlock:
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	if (ret > 0)
		snd_ctl_notify(card, SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_INFO, id);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_ctl_activate_id);

/**
 * snd_ctl_rename_id - replace the id of a control on the card
 * @card: the card instance
 * @src_id: the old id
 * @dst_id: the new id
 *
 * Finds the control with the old id from the card, and replaces the
 * id with the new one.
 *
 * Returns zero if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int snd_ctl_rename_id(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_ctl_elem_id *src_id,
		      struct snd_ctl_elem_id *dst_id)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;

	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, src_id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
		return -ENOENT;
	}
	kctl->id = *dst_id;
	kctl->id.numid = card->last_numid + 1;
	card->last_numid += kctl->count;
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_rename_id);

/**
 * snd_ctl_find_numid - find the control instance with the given number-id
 * @card: the card instance
 * @numid: the number-id to search
 *
 * Finds the control instance with the given number-id from the card.
 *
 * Returns the pointer of the instance if found, or NULL if not.
 *
 * The caller must down card->controls_rwsem before calling this function
 * (if the race condition can happen).
 */
struct snd_kcontrol *snd_ctl_find_numid(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int numid)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card || !numid))
		return NULL;
	list_for_each_entry(kctl, &card->controls, list) {
		if (kctl->id.numid <= numid && kctl->id.numid + kctl->count > numid)
			return kctl;
	}
	return NULL;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_find_numid);

/**
 * snd_ctl_find_id - find the control instance with the given id
 * @card: the card instance
 * @id: the id to search
 *
 * Finds the control instance with the given id from the card.
 *
 * Returns the pointer of the instance if found, or NULL if not.
 *
 * The caller must down card->controls_rwsem before calling this function
 * (if the race condition can happen).
 */
struct snd_kcontrol *snd_ctl_find_id(struct snd_card *card,
				     struct snd_ctl_elem_id *id)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card || !id))
		return NULL;
	if (id->numid != 0)
		return snd_ctl_find_numid(card, id->numid);
	list_for_each_entry(kctl, &card->controls, list) {
		if (kctl->id.iface != id->iface)
			continue;
		if (kctl->id.device != id->device)
			continue;
		if (kctl->id.subdevice != id->subdevice)
			continue;
		if (strncmp(kctl->id.name, id->name, sizeof(kctl->id.name)))
			continue;
		if (kctl->id.index > id->index)
			continue;
		if (kctl->id.index + kctl->count <= id->index)
			continue;
		return kctl;
	}
	return NULL;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_find_id);

static int snd_ctl_card_info(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_ctl_file * ctl,
			     unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
{
	struct snd_ctl_card_info *info;

	info = kzalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (! info)
		return -ENOMEM;
	down_read(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	info->card = card->number;
	strlcpy(info->id, card->id, sizeof(info->id));
	strlcpy(info->driver, card->driver, sizeof(info->driver));
	strlcpy(info->name, card->shortname, sizeof(info->name));
	strlcpy(info->longname, card->longname, sizeof(info->longname));
	strlcpy(info->mixername, card->mixername, sizeof(info->mixername));
	strlcpy(info->components, card->components, sizeof(info->components));
	up_read(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	if (copy_to_user(arg, info, sizeof(struct snd_ctl_card_info))) {
		kfree(info);
		return -EFAULT;
	}
	kfree(info);
	return 0;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_list(struct snd_card *card,
			     struct snd_ctl_elem_list __user *_list)
{
	struct list_head *plist;
	struct snd_ctl_elem_list list;
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_ctl_elem_id *dst, *id;
	unsigned int offset, space, jidx;
	
	if (copy_from_user(&list, _list, sizeof(list)))
		return -EFAULT;
	offset = list.offset;
	space = list.space;
	/* try limit maximum space */
	if (space > 16384)
		return -ENOMEM;
	if (space > 0) {
		/* allocate temporary buffer for atomic operation */
		dst = vmalloc(space * sizeof(struct snd_ctl_elem_id));
		if (dst == NULL)
			return -ENOMEM;
		down_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
		list.count = card->controls_count;
		plist = card->controls.next;
		while (plist != &card->controls) {
			if (offset == 0)
				break;
			kctl = snd_kcontrol(plist);
			if (offset < kctl->count)
				break;
			offset -= kctl->count;
			plist = plist->next;
		}
		list.used = 0;
		id = dst;
		while (space > 0 && plist != &card->controls) {
			kctl = snd_kcontrol(plist);
			for (jidx = offset; space > 0 && jidx < kctl->count; jidx++) {
				snd_ctl_build_ioff(id, kctl, jidx);
				id++;
				space--;
				list.used++;
			}
			plist = plist->next;
			offset = 0;
		}
		up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
		if (list.used > 0 &&
		    copy_to_user(list.pids, dst,
				 list.used * sizeof(struct snd_ctl_elem_id))) {
			vfree(dst);
			return -EFAULT;
		}
		vfree(dst);
	} else {
		down_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
		list.count = card->controls_count;
		up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	}
	if (copy_to_user(_list, &list, sizeof(list)))
		return -EFAULT;
	return 0;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_info(struct snd_ctl_file *ctl,
			     struct snd_ctl_elem_info *info)
{
	struct snd_card *card = ctl->card;
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol_volatile *vd;
	unsigned int index_offset;
	int result;
	
	down_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, &info->id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
		return -ENOENT;
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG
	info->access = 0;
#endif
	result = kctl->info(kctl, info);
	if (result >= 0) {
		snd_BUG_ON(info->access);
		index_offset = snd_ctl_get_ioff(kctl, &info->id);
		vd = &kctl->vd[index_offset];
		snd_ctl_build_ioff(&info->id, kctl, index_offset);
		info->access = vd->access;
		if (vd->owner) {
			info->access |= SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_LOCK;
			if (vd->owner == ctl)
				info->access |= SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_OWNER;
			info->owner = pid_vnr(vd->owner->pid);
		} else {
			info->owner = -1;
		}
	}
	up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return result;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_info_user(struct snd_ctl_file *ctl,
				  struct snd_ctl_elem_info __user *_info)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_info info;
	int result;

	if (copy_from_user(&info, _info, sizeof(info)))
		return -EFAULT;
	snd_power_lock(ctl->card);
	result = snd_power_wait(ctl->card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
	if (result >= 0)
		result = snd_ctl_elem_info(ctl, &info);
	snd_power_unlock(ctl->card);
	if (result >= 0)
		if (copy_to_user(_info, &info, sizeof(info)))
			return -EFAULT;
	return result;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_read(struct snd_card *card,
			     struct snd_ctl_elem_value *control)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol_volatile *vd;
	unsigned int index_offset;
	int result;

	down_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, &control->id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		result = -ENOENT;
	} else {
		index_offset = snd_ctl_get_ioff(kctl, &control->id);
		vd = &kctl->vd[index_offset];
		if ((vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_READ) &&
		    kctl->get != NULL) {
			snd_ctl_build_ioff(&control->id, kctl, index_offset);
			result = kctl->get(kctl, control);
		} else
			result = -EPERM;
	}
	up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return result;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_read_user(struct snd_card *card,
				  struct snd_ctl_elem_value __user *_control)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_value *control;
	int result;

	control = memdup_user(_control, sizeof(*control));
	if (IS_ERR(control))
		return PTR_ERR(control);

	snd_power_lock(card);
	result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
	if (result >= 0)
		result = snd_ctl_elem_read(card, control);
	snd_power_unlock(card);
	if (result >= 0)
		if (copy_to_user(_control, control, sizeof(*control)))
			result = -EFAULT;
	kfree(control);
	return result;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_write(struct snd_card *card, struct snd_ctl_file *file,
			      struct snd_ctl_elem_value *control)
{
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol_volatile *vd;
	unsigned int index_offset;
	int result;

	down_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, &control->id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		result = -ENOENT;
	} else {
		index_offset = snd_ctl_get_ioff(kctl, &control->id);
		vd = &kctl->vd[index_offset];
		if (!(vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_WRITE) ||
		    kctl->put == NULL ||
		    (file && vd->owner && vd->owner != file)) {
			result = -EPERM;
		} else {
			snd_ctl_build_ioff(&control->id, kctl, index_offset);
			result = kctl->put(kctl, control);
		}
		if (result > 0) {
			up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
			snd_ctl_notify(card, SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_VALUE,
				       &control->id);
			return 0;
		}
	}
	up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return result;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_write_user(struct snd_ctl_file *file,
				   struct snd_ctl_elem_value __user *_control)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_value *control;
	struct snd_card *card;
	int result;

	control = memdup_user(_control, sizeof(*control));
	if (IS_ERR(control))
		return PTR_ERR(control);

	card = file->card;
	snd_power_lock(card);
	result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
	if (result >= 0)
		result = snd_ctl_elem_write(card, file, control);
	snd_power_unlock(card);
	if (result >= 0)
		if (copy_to_user(_control, control, sizeof(*control)))
			result = -EFAULT;
	kfree(control);
	return result;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_lock(struct snd_ctl_file *file,
			     struct snd_ctl_elem_id __user *_id)
{
	struct snd_card *card = file->card;
	struct snd_ctl_elem_id id;
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol_volatile *vd;
	int result;
	
	if (copy_from_user(&id, _id, sizeof(id)))
		return -EFAULT;
	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, &id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		result = -ENOENT;
	} else {
		vd = &kctl->vd[snd_ctl_get_ioff(kctl, &id)];
		if (vd->owner != NULL)
			result = -EBUSY;
		else {
			vd->owner = file;
			result = 0;
		}
	}
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return result;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_unlock(struct snd_ctl_file *file,
			       struct snd_ctl_elem_id __user *_id)
{
	struct snd_card *card = file->card;
	struct snd_ctl_elem_id id;
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol_volatile *vd;
	int result;
	
	if (copy_from_user(&id, _id, sizeof(id)))
		return -EFAULT;
	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, &id);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		result = -ENOENT;
	} else {
		vd = &kctl->vd[snd_ctl_get_ioff(kctl, &id)];
		if (vd->owner == NULL)
			result = -EINVAL;
		else if (vd->owner != file)
			result = -EPERM;
		else {
			vd->owner = NULL;
			result = 0;
		}
	}
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return result;
}

struct user_element {
	struct snd_ctl_elem_info info;
	void *elem_data;		/* element data */
	unsigned long elem_data_size;	/* size of element data in bytes */
	void *tlv_data;			/* TLV data */
	unsigned long tlv_data_size;	/* TLV data size */
	void *priv_data;		/* private data (like strings for enumerated type) */
};

static int snd_ctl_elem_user_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
				  struct snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo)
{
	struct user_element *ue = kcontrol->private_data;

	*uinfo = ue->info;
	return 0;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_user_enum_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
				       struct snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo)
{
	struct user_element *ue = kcontrol->private_data;
	const char *names;
	unsigned int item;

	item = uinfo->value.enumerated.item;

	*uinfo = ue->info;

	item = min(item, uinfo->value.enumerated.items - 1);
	uinfo->value.enumerated.item = item;

	names = ue->priv_data;
	for (; item > 0; --item)
		names += strlen(names) + 1;
	strcpy(uinfo->value.enumerated.name, names);

	return 0;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_user_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
				 struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
	struct user_element *ue = kcontrol->private_data;

	memcpy(&ucontrol->value, ue->elem_data, ue->elem_data_size);
	return 0;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_user_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
				 struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
	int change;
	struct user_element *ue = kcontrol->private_data;
	
	change = memcmp(&ucontrol->value, ue->elem_data, ue->elem_data_size) != 0;
	if (change)
		memcpy(ue->elem_data, &ucontrol->value, ue->elem_data_size);
	return change;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_user_tlv(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
				 int op_flag,
				 unsigned int size,
				 unsigned int __user *tlv)
{
	struct user_element *ue = kcontrol->private_data;
	int change = 0;
	void *new_data;

	if (op_flag > 0) {
		if (size > 1024 * 128)	/* sane value */
			return -EINVAL;

		new_data = memdup_user(tlv, size);
		if (IS_ERR(new_data))
			return PTR_ERR(new_data);
		change = ue->tlv_data_size != size;
		if (!change)
			change = memcmp(ue->tlv_data, new_data, size);
		kfree(ue->tlv_data);
		ue->tlv_data = new_data;
		ue->tlv_data_size = size;
	} else {
		if (! ue->tlv_data_size || ! ue->tlv_data)
			return -ENXIO;
		if (size < ue->tlv_data_size)
			return -ENOSPC;
		if (copy_to_user(tlv, ue->tlv_data, ue->tlv_data_size))
			return -EFAULT;
	}
	return change;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_init_enum_names(struct user_element *ue)
{
	char *names, *p;
	size_t buf_len, name_len;
	unsigned int i;
	const uintptr_t user_ptrval = ue->info.value.enumerated.names_ptr;

	if (ue->info.value.enumerated.names_length > 64 * 1024)
		return -EINVAL;

	names = memdup_user((const void __user *)user_ptrval,
		ue->info.value.enumerated.names_length);
	if (IS_ERR(names))
		return PTR_ERR(names);

	/* check that there are enough valid names */
	buf_len = ue->info.value.enumerated.names_length;
	p = names;
	for (i = 0; i < ue->info.value.enumerated.items; ++i) {
		name_len = strnlen(p, buf_len);
		if (name_len == 0 || name_len >= 64 || name_len == buf_len) {
			kfree(names);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		p += name_len + 1;
		buf_len -= name_len + 1;
	}

	ue->priv_data = names;
	ue->info.value.enumerated.names_ptr = 0;

	return 0;
}

static void snd_ctl_elem_user_free(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol)
{
	struct user_element *ue = kcontrol->private_data;

	kfree(ue->tlv_data);
	kfree(ue->priv_data);
	kfree(ue);
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_add(struct snd_ctl_file *file,
			    struct snd_ctl_elem_info *info, int replace)
{
	struct snd_card *card = file->card;
	struct snd_kcontrol kctl, *_kctl;
	unsigned int access;
	long private_size;
	struct user_element *ue;
	int idx, err;

	if (!replace && card->user_ctl_count >= MAX_USER_CONTROLS)
		return -ENOMEM;
	if (info->count < 1)
		return -EINVAL;
	access = info->access == 0 ? SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_READWRITE :
		(info->access & (SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_READWRITE|
				 SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE|
				 SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_READWRITE));
	info->id.numid = 0;
	memset(&kctl, 0, sizeof(kctl));
	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	_kctl = snd_ctl_find_id(card, &info->id);
	err = 0;
	if (_kctl) {
		if (replace)
			err = snd_ctl_remove(card, _kctl);
		else
			err = -EBUSY;
	} else {
		if (replace)
			err = -ENOENT;
	}
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	if (err < 0)
		return err;
	memcpy(&kctl.id, &info->id, sizeof(info->id));
	kctl.count = info->owner ? info->owner : 1;
	access |= SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_USER;
	if (info->type == SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED)
		kctl.info = snd_ctl_elem_user_enum_info;
	else
		kctl.info = snd_ctl_elem_user_info;
	if (access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_READ)
		kctl.get = snd_ctl_elem_user_get;
	if (access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_WRITE)
		kctl.put = snd_ctl_elem_user_put;
	if (access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_READWRITE) {
		kctl.tlv.c = snd_ctl_elem_user_tlv;
		access |= SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_CALLBACK;
	}
	switch (info->type) {
	case SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_BOOLEAN:
	case SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_INTEGER:
		private_size = sizeof(long);
		if (info->count > 128)
			return -EINVAL;
		break;
	case SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_INTEGER64:
		private_size = sizeof(long long);
		if (info->count > 64)
			return -EINVAL;
		break;
	case SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED:
		private_size = sizeof(unsigned int);
		if (info->count > 128 || info->value.enumerated.items == 0)
			return -EINVAL;
		break;
	case SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_BYTES:
		private_size = sizeof(unsigned char);
		if (info->count > 512)
			return -EINVAL;
		break;
	case SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_IEC958:
		private_size = sizeof(struct snd_aes_iec958);
		if (info->count != 1)
			return -EINVAL;
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	private_size *= info->count;
	ue = kzalloc(sizeof(struct user_element) + private_size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (ue == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	ue->info = *info;
	ue->info.access = 0;
	ue->elem_data = (char *)ue + sizeof(*ue);
	ue->elem_data_size = private_size;
	if (ue->info.type == SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED) {
		err = snd_ctl_elem_init_enum_names(ue);
		if (err < 0) {
			kfree(ue);
			return err;
		}
	}
	kctl.private_free = snd_ctl_elem_user_free;
	_kctl = snd_ctl_new(&kctl, access);
	if (_kctl == NULL) {
		kfree(ue->priv_data);
		kfree(ue);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	_kctl->private_data = ue;
	for (idx = 0; idx < _kctl->count; idx++)
		_kctl->vd[idx].owner = file;
	err = snd_ctl_add(card, _kctl);
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	card->user_ctl_count++;
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);

	return 0;
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_add_user(struct snd_ctl_file *file,
				 struct snd_ctl_elem_info __user *_info, int replace)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_info info;
	if (copy_from_user(&info, _info, sizeof(info)))
		return -EFAULT;
	return snd_ctl_elem_add(file, &info, replace);
}

static int snd_ctl_elem_remove(struct snd_ctl_file *file,
			       struct snd_ctl_elem_id __user *_id)
{
	struct snd_ctl_elem_id id;

	if (copy_from_user(&id, _id, sizeof(id)))
		return -EFAULT;
	return snd_ctl_remove_user_ctl(file, &id);
}

static int snd_ctl_subscribe_events(struct snd_ctl_file *file, int __user *ptr)
{
	int subscribe;
	if (get_user(subscribe, ptr))
		return -EFAULT;
	if (subscribe < 0) {
		subscribe = file->subscribed;
		if (put_user(subscribe, ptr))
			return -EFAULT;
		return 0;
	}
	if (subscribe) {
		file->subscribed = 1;
		return 0;
	} else if (file->subscribed) {
		snd_ctl_empty_read_queue(file);
		file->subscribed = 0;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int snd_ctl_tlv_ioctl(struct snd_ctl_file *file,
                             struct snd_ctl_tlv __user *_tlv,
                             int op_flag)
{
	struct snd_card *card = file->card;
	struct snd_ctl_tlv tlv;
	struct snd_kcontrol *kctl;
	struct snd_kcontrol_volatile *vd;
	unsigned int len;
	int err = 0;

	if (copy_from_user(&tlv, _tlv, sizeof(tlv)))
		return -EFAULT;
	if (tlv.length < sizeof(unsigned int) * 2)
		return -EINVAL;
	down_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	kctl = snd_ctl_find_numid(card, tlv.numid);
	if (kctl == NULL) {
		err = -ENOENT;
		goto __kctl_end;
	}
	if (kctl->tlv.p == NULL) {
		err = -ENXIO;
		goto __kctl_end;
	}
	vd = &kctl->vd[tlv.numid - kctl->id.numid];
	if ((op_flag == 0 && (vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_READ) == 0) ||
	    (op_flag > 0 && (vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_WRITE) == 0) ||
	    (op_flag < 0 && (vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_COMMAND) == 0)) {
	    	err = -ENXIO;
	    	goto __kctl_end;
	}
	if (vd->access & SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_CALLBACK) {
		if (vd->owner != NULL && vd->owner != file) {
			err = -EPERM;
			goto __kctl_end;
		}
		err = kctl->tlv.c(kctl, op_flag, tlv.length, _tlv->tlv);
		if (err > 0) {
			up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
			snd_ctl_notify(card, SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_TLV, &kctl->id);
			return 0;
		}
	} else {
		if (op_flag) {
			err = -ENXIO;
			goto __kctl_end;
		}
		len = kctl->tlv.p[1] + 2 * sizeof(unsigned int);
		if (tlv.length < len) {
			err = -ENOMEM;
			goto __kctl_end;
		}
		if (copy_to_user(_tlv->tlv, kctl->tlv.p, len))
			err = -EFAULT;
	}
      __kctl_end:
	up_read(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return err;
}

static long snd_ctl_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;
	struct snd_card *card;
	struct snd_kctl_ioctl *p;
	void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
	int __user *ip = argp;
	int err;

	ctl = file->private_data;
	card = ctl->card;
	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card))
		return -ENXIO;
	switch (cmd) {
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_PVERSION:
		return put_user(SNDRV_CTL_VERSION, ip) ? -EFAULT : 0;
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_CARD_INFO:
		return snd_ctl_card_info(card, ctl, cmd, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_LIST:
		return snd_ctl_elem_list(card, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_INFO:
		return snd_ctl_elem_info_user(ctl, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_READ:
		return snd_ctl_elem_read_user(card, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_WRITE:
		return snd_ctl_elem_write_user(ctl, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_LOCK:
		return snd_ctl_elem_lock(ctl, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_UNLOCK:
		return snd_ctl_elem_unlock(ctl, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_ADD:
		return snd_ctl_elem_add_user(ctl, argp, 0);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_REPLACE:
		return snd_ctl_elem_add_user(ctl, argp, 1);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_ELEM_REMOVE:
		return snd_ctl_elem_remove(ctl, argp);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_SUBSCRIBE_EVENTS:
		return snd_ctl_subscribe_events(ctl, ip);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_TLV_READ:
		return snd_ctl_tlv_ioctl(ctl, argp, 0);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_TLV_WRITE:
		return snd_ctl_tlv_ioctl(ctl, argp, 1);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_TLV_COMMAND:
		return snd_ctl_tlv_ioctl(ctl, argp, -1);
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_POWER:
		return -ENOPROTOOPT;
	case SNDRV_CTL_IOCTL_POWER_STATE:
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
		return put_user(card->power_state, ip) ? -EFAULT : 0;
#else
		return put_user(SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0, ip) ? -EFAULT : 0;
#endif
	}
	down_read(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	list_for_each_entry(p, &snd_control_ioctls, list) {
		err = p->fioctl(card, ctl, cmd, arg);
		if (err != -ENOIOCTLCMD) {
			up_read(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
			return err;
		}
	}
	up_read(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	snd_printdd("unknown ioctl = 0x%x\n", cmd);
	return -ENOTTY;
}

static ssize_t snd_ctl_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
			    size_t count, loff_t * offset)
{
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;
	int err = 0;
	ssize_t result = 0;

	ctl = file->private_data;
	if (snd_BUG_ON(!ctl || !ctl->card))
		return -ENXIO;
	if (!ctl->subscribed)
		return -EBADFD;
	if (count < sizeof(struct snd_ctl_event))
		return -EINVAL;
	spin_lock_irq(&ctl->read_lock);
	while (count >= sizeof(struct snd_ctl_event)) {
		struct snd_ctl_event ev;
		struct snd_kctl_event *kev;
		while (list_empty(&ctl->events)) {
			wait_queue_t wait;
			if ((file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) != 0 || result > 0) {
				err = -EAGAIN;
				goto __end_lock;
			}
			init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
			add_wait_queue(&ctl->change_sleep, &wait);
			set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
			spin_unlock_irq(&ctl->read_lock);
			schedule();
			remove_wait_queue(&ctl->change_sleep, &wait);
			if (signal_pending(current))
				return -ERESTARTSYS;
			spin_lock_irq(&ctl->read_lock);
		}
		kev = snd_kctl_event(ctl->events.next);
		ev.type = SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_ELEM;
		ev.data.elem.mask = kev->mask;
		ev.data.elem.id = kev->id;
		list_del(&kev->list);
		spin_unlock_irq(&ctl->read_lock);
		kfree(kev);
		if (copy_to_user(buffer, &ev, sizeof(struct snd_ctl_event))) {
			err = -EFAULT;
			goto __end;
		}
		spin_lock_irq(&ctl->read_lock);
		buffer += sizeof(struct snd_ctl_event);
		count -= sizeof(struct snd_ctl_event);
		result += sizeof(struct snd_ctl_event);
	}
      __end_lock:
	spin_unlock_irq(&ctl->read_lock);
      __end:
      	return result > 0 ? result : err;
}

static unsigned int snd_ctl_poll(struct file *file, poll_table * wait)
{
	unsigned int mask;
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;

	ctl = file->private_data;
	if (!ctl->subscribed)
		return 0;
	poll_wait(file, &ctl->change_sleep, wait);

	mask = 0;
	if (!list_empty(&ctl->events))
		mask |= POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;

	return mask;
}

/*
 * register the device-specific control-ioctls.
 * called from each device manager like pcm.c, hwdep.c, etc.
 */
static int _snd_ctl_register_ioctl(snd_kctl_ioctl_func_t fcn, struct list_head *lists)
{
	struct snd_kctl_ioctl *pn;

	pn = kzalloc(sizeof(struct snd_kctl_ioctl), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (pn == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	pn->fioctl = fcn;
	down_write(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	list_add_tail(&pn->list, lists);
	up_write(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	return 0;
}

int snd_ctl_register_ioctl(snd_kctl_ioctl_func_t fcn)
{
	return _snd_ctl_register_ioctl(fcn, &snd_control_ioctls);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_register_ioctl);

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
int snd_ctl_register_ioctl_compat(snd_kctl_ioctl_func_t fcn)
{
	return _snd_ctl_register_ioctl(fcn, &snd_control_compat_ioctls);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_register_ioctl_compat);
#endif

/*
 * de-register the device-specific control-ioctls.
 */
static int _snd_ctl_unregister_ioctl(snd_kctl_ioctl_func_t fcn,
				     struct list_head *lists)
{
	struct snd_kctl_ioctl *p;

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!fcn))
		return -EINVAL;
	down_write(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	list_for_each_entry(p, lists, list) {
		if (p->fioctl == fcn) {
			list_del(&p->list);
			up_write(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
			kfree(p);
			return 0;
		}
	}
	up_write(&snd_ioctl_rwsem);
	snd_BUG();
	return -EINVAL;
}

int snd_ctl_unregister_ioctl(snd_kctl_ioctl_func_t fcn)
{
	return _snd_ctl_unregister_ioctl(fcn, &snd_control_ioctls);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_unregister_ioctl);

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
int snd_ctl_unregister_ioctl_compat(snd_kctl_ioctl_func_t fcn)
{
	return _snd_ctl_unregister_ioctl(fcn, &snd_control_compat_ioctls);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_unregister_ioctl_compat);
#endif

static int snd_ctl_fasync(int fd, struct file * file, int on)
{
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;

	ctl = file->private_data;
	return fasync_helper(fd, file, on, &ctl->fasync);
}

/*
 * ioctl32 compat
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
#include "control_compat.c"
#else
#define snd_ctl_ioctl_compat	NULL
#endif

/*
 *  INIT PART
 */

static const struct file_operations snd_ctl_f_ops =
{
	.owner =	THIS_MODULE,
	.read =		snd_ctl_read,
	.open =		snd_ctl_open,
	.release =	snd_ctl_release,
	.llseek =	no_llseek,
	.poll =		snd_ctl_poll,
	.unlocked_ioctl =	snd_ctl_ioctl,
	.compat_ioctl =	snd_ctl_ioctl_compat,
	.fasync =	snd_ctl_fasync,
};

/*
 * registration of the control device
 */
static int snd_ctl_dev_register(struct snd_device *device)
{
	struct snd_card *card = device->device_data;
	int err, cardnum;
	char name[16];

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card))
		return -ENXIO;
	cardnum = card->number;
	if (snd_BUG_ON(cardnum < 0 || cardnum >= SNDRV_CARDS))
		return -ENXIO;
	sprintf(name, "controlC%i", cardnum);
	if ((err = snd_register_device(SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_CONTROL, card, -1,
				       &snd_ctl_f_ops, card, name)) < 0)
		return err;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * disconnection of the control device
 */
static int snd_ctl_dev_disconnect(struct snd_device *device)
{
	struct snd_card *card = device->device_data;
	struct snd_ctl_file *ctl;
	int err, cardnum;

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card))
		return -ENXIO;
	cardnum = card->number;
	if (snd_BUG_ON(cardnum < 0 || cardnum >= SNDRV_CARDS))
		return -ENXIO;

	read_lock(&card->ctl_files_rwlock);
	list_for_each_entry(ctl, &card->ctl_files, list) {
		wake_up(&ctl->change_sleep);
		kill_fasync(&ctl->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_ERR);
	}
	read_unlock(&card->ctl_files_rwlock);

	if ((err = snd_unregister_device(SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_CONTROL,
					 card, -1)) < 0)
		return err;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * free all controls
 */
static int snd_ctl_dev_free(struct snd_device *device)
{
	struct snd_card *card = device->device_data;
	struct snd_kcontrol *control;

	down_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	while (!list_empty(&card->controls)) {
		control = snd_kcontrol(card->controls.next);
		snd_ctl_remove(card, control);
	}
	up_write(&card->controls_rwsem);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * create control core:
 * called from init.c
 */
int snd_ctl_create(struct snd_card *card)
{
	static struct snd_device_ops ops = {
		.dev_free = snd_ctl_dev_free,
		.dev_register =	snd_ctl_dev_register,
		.dev_disconnect = snd_ctl_dev_disconnect,
	};

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!card))
		return -ENXIO;
	return snd_device_new(card, SNDRV_DEV_CONTROL, card, &ops);
}

/*
 * Frequently used control callbacks/helpers
 */
int snd_ctl_boolean_mono_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
			      struct snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo)
{
	uinfo->type = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_BOOLEAN;
	uinfo->count = 1;
	uinfo->value.integer.min = 0;
	uinfo->value.integer.max = 1;
	return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_boolean_mono_info);

int snd_ctl_boolean_stereo_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
				struct snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo)
{
	uinfo->type = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_BOOLEAN;
	uinfo->count = 2;
	uinfo->value.integer.min = 0;
	uinfo->value.integer.max = 1;
	return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_boolean_stereo_info);

/**
 * snd_ctl_enum_info - fills the info structure for an enumerated control
 * @info: the structure to be filled
 * @channels: the number of the control's channels; often one
 * @items: the number of control values; also the size of @names
 * @names: an array containing the names of all control values
 *
 * Sets all required fields in @info to their appropriate values.
 * If the control's accessibility is not the default (readable and writable),
 * the caller has to fill @info->access.
 */
int snd_ctl_enum_info(struct snd_ctl_elem_info *info, unsigned int channels,
		      unsigned int items, const char *const names[])
{
	info->type = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED;
	info->count = channels;
	info->value.enumerated.items = items;
	if (info->value.enumerated.item >= items)
		info->value.enumerated.item = items - 1;
	strlcpy(info->value.enumerated.name,
		names[info->value.enumerated.item],
		sizeof(info->value.enumerated.name));
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ctl_enum_info);