Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

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/*
 * INET		An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
 *		operating system.  INET is implemented using the  BSD Socket
 *		interface as the means of communication with the user level.
 *
 *		The User Datagram Protocol (UDP).
 *
 * Authors:	Ross Biro
 *		Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG>
 *		Arnt Gulbrandsen, <agulbra@nvg.unit.no>
 *		Alan Cox, <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
 *		Hirokazu Takahashi, <taka@valinux.co.jp>
 *
 * Fixes:
 *		Alan Cox	:	verify_area() calls
 *		Alan Cox	: 	stopped close while in use off icmp
 *					messages. Not a fix but a botch that
 *					for udp at least is 'valid'.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Fixed icmp handling properly
 *		Alan Cox	: 	Correct error for oversized datagrams
 *		Alan Cox	:	Tidied select() semantics.
 *		Alan Cox	:	udp_err() fixed properly, also now
 *					select and read wake correctly on errors
 *		Alan Cox	:	udp_send verify_area moved to avoid mem leak
 *		Alan Cox	:	UDP can count its memory
 *		Alan Cox	:	send to an unknown connection causes
 *					an ECONNREFUSED off the icmp, but
 *					does NOT close.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Switched to new sk_buff handlers. No more backlog!
 *		Alan Cox	:	Using generic datagram code. Even smaller and the PEEK
 *					bug no longer crashes it.
 *		Fred Van Kempen	: 	Net2e support for sk->broadcast.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Uses skb_free_datagram
 *		Alan Cox	:	Added get/set sockopt support.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Broadcasting without option set returns EACCES.
 *		Alan Cox	:	No wakeup calls. Instead we now use the callbacks.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Use ip_tos and ip_ttl
 *		Alan Cox	:	SNMP Mibs
 *		Alan Cox	:	MSG_DONTROUTE, and 0.0.0.0 support.
 *		Matt Dillon	:	UDP length checks.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Smarter af_inet used properly.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Use new kernel side addressing.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Incorrect return on truncated datagram receive.
 *	Arnt Gulbrandsen 	:	New udp_send and stuff
 *		Alan Cox	:	Cache last socket
 *		Alan Cox	:	Route cache
 *		Jon Peatfield	:	Minor efficiency fix to sendto().
 *		Mike Shaver	:	RFC1122 checks.
 *		Alan Cox	:	Nonblocking error fix.
 *	Willy Konynenberg	:	Transparent proxying support.
 *		Mike McLagan	:	Routing by source
 *		David S. Miller	:	New socket lookup architecture.
 *					Last socket cache retained as it
 *					does have a high hit rate.
 *		Olaf Kirch	:	Don't linearise iovec on sendmsg.
 *		Andi Kleen	:	Some cleanups, cache destination entry
 *					for connect.
 *	Vitaly E. Lavrov	:	Transparent proxy revived after year coma.
 *		Melvin Smith	:	Check msg_name not msg_namelen in sendto(),
 *					return ENOTCONN for unconnected sockets (POSIX)
 *		Janos Farkas	:	don't deliver multi/broadcasts to a different
 *					bound-to-device socket
 *	Hirokazu Takahashi	:	HW checksumming for outgoing UDP
 *					datagrams.
 *	Hirokazu Takahashi	:	sendfile() on UDP works now.
 *		Arnaldo C. Melo :	convert /proc/net/udp to seq_file
 *	YOSHIFUJI Hideaki @USAGI and:	Support IPV6_V6ONLY socket option, which
 *	Alexey Kuznetsov:		allow both IPv4 and IPv6 sockets to bind
 *					a single port at the same time.
 *	Derek Atkins <derek@ihtfp.com>: Add Encapulation Support
 *	James Chapman		:	Add L2TP encapsulation type.
 *
 *
 *		This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *		modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 *		as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 *		2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) "UDP: " fmt

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/ioctls.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#include <linux/igmp.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <net/tcp_states.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
#include <net/icmp.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#include <net/checksum.h>
#include <net/xfrm.h>
#include <trace/events/udp.h>
#include "udp_impl.h"

struct udp_table udp_table __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_table);

long sysctl_udp_mem[3] __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_udp_mem);

int sysctl_udp_rmem_min __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_udp_rmem_min);

int sysctl_udp_wmem_min __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_udp_wmem_min);

atomic_long_t udp_memory_allocated;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_memory_allocated);

#define MAX_UDP_PORTS 65536
#define PORTS_PER_CHAIN (MAX_UDP_PORTS / UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN)

static int udp_lib_lport_inuse(struct net *net, __u16 num,
			       const struct udp_hslot *hslot,
			       unsigned long *bitmap,
			       struct sock *sk,
			       int (*saddr_comp)(const struct sock *sk1,
						 const struct sock *sk2),
			       unsigned int log)
{
	struct sock *sk2;
	struct hlist_nulls_node *node;

	sk_nulls_for_each(sk2, node, &hslot->head)
		if (net_eq(sock_net(sk2), net) &&
		    sk2 != sk &&
		    (bitmap || udp_sk(sk2)->udp_port_hash == num) &&
		    (!sk2->sk_reuse || !sk->sk_reuse) &&
		    (!sk2->sk_bound_dev_if || !sk->sk_bound_dev_if ||
		     sk2->sk_bound_dev_if == sk->sk_bound_dev_if) &&
		    (*saddr_comp)(sk, sk2)) {
			if (bitmap)
				__set_bit(udp_sk(sk2)->udp_port_hash >> log,
					  bitmap);
			else
				return 1;
		}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Note: we still hold spinlock of primary hash chain, so no other writer
 * can insert/delete a socket with local_port == num
 */
static int udp_lib_lport_inuse2(struct net *net, __u16 num,
			       struct udp_hslot *hslot2,
			       struct sock *sk,
			       int (*saddr_comp)(const struct sock *sk1,
						 const struct sock *sk2))
{
	struct sock *sk2;
	struct hlist_nulls_node *node;
	int res = 0;

	spin_lock(&hslot2->lock);
	udp_portaddr_for_each_entry(sk2, node, &hslot2->head)
		if (net_eq(sock_net(sk2), net) &&
		    sk2 != sk &&
		    (udp_sk(sk2)->udp_port_hash == num) &&
		    (!sk2->sk_reuse || !sk->sk_reuse) &&
		    (!sk2->sk_bound_dev_if || !sk->sk_bound_dev_if ||
		     sk2->sk_bound_dev_if == sk->sk_bound_dev_if) &&
		    (*saddr_comp)(sk, sk2)) {
			res = 1;
			break;
		}
	spin_unlock(&hslot2->lock);
	return res;
}

/**
 *  udp_lib_get_port  -  UDP/-Lite port lookup for IPv4 and IPv6
 *
 *  @sk:          socket struct in question
 *  @snum:        port number to look up
 *  @saddr_comp:  AF-dependent comparison of bound local IP addresses
 *  @hash2_nulladdr: AF-dependent hash value in secondary hash chains,
 *                   with NULL address
 */
int udp_lib_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum,
		       int (*saddr_comp)(const struct sock *sk1,
					 const struct sock *sk2),
		     unsigned int hash2_nulladdr)
{
	struct udp_hslot *hslot, *hslot2;
	struct udp_table *udptable = sk->sk_prot->h.udp_table;
	int    error = 1;
	struct net *net = sock_net(sk);

	if (!snum) {
		int low, high, remaining;
		unsigned rand;
		unsigned short first, last;
		DECLARE_BITMAP(bitmap, PORTS_PER_CHAIN);

		inet_get_local_port_range(&low, &high);
		remaining = (high - low) + 1;

		rand = net_random();
		first = (((u64)rand * remaining) >> 32) + low;
		/*
		 * force rand to be an odd multiple of UDP_HTABLE_SIZE
		 */
		rand = (rand | 1) * (udptable->mask + 1);
		last = first + udptable->mask + 1;
		do {
			hslot = udp_hashslot(udptable, net, first);
			bitmap_zero(bitmap, PORTS_PER_CHAIN);
			spin_lock_bh(&hslot->lock);
			udp_lib_lport_inuse(net, snum, hslot, bitmap, sk,
					    saddr_comp, udptable->log);

			snum = first;
			/*
			 * Iterate on all possible values of snum for this hash.
			 * Using steps of an odd multiple of UDP_HTABLE_SIZE
			 * give us randomization and full range coverage.
			 */
			do {
				if (low <= snum && snum <= high &&
				    !test_bit(snum >> udptable->log, bitmap) &&
				    !inet_is_reserved_local_port(snum))
					goto found;
				snum += rand;
			} while (snum != first);
			spin_unlock_bh(&hslot->lock);
		} while (++first != last);
		goto fail;
	} else {
		hslot = udp_hashslot(udptable, net, snum);
		spin_lock_bh(&hslot->lock);
		if (hslot->count > 10) {
			int exist;
			unsigned int slot2 = udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_hash ^ snum;

			slot2          &= udptable->mask;
			hash2_nulladdr &= udptable->mask;

			hslot2 = udp_hashslot2(udptable, slot2);
			if (hslot->count < hslot2->count)
				goto scan_primary_hash;

			exist = udp_lib_lport_inuse2(net, snum, hslot2,
						     sk, saddr_comp);
			if (!exist && (hash2_nulladdr != slot2)) {
				hslot2 = udp_hashslot2(udptable, hash2_nulladdr);
				exist = udp_lib_lport_inuse2(net, snum, hslot2,
							     sk, saddr_comp);
			}
			if (exist)
				goto fail_unlock;
			else
				goto found;
		}
scan_primary_hash:
		if (udp_lib_lport_inuse(net, snum, hslot, NULL, sk,
					saddr_comp, 0))
			goto fail_unlock;
	}
found:
	inet_sk(sk)->inet_num = snum;
	udp_sk(sk)->udp_port_hash = snum;
	udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_hash ^= snum;
	if (sk_unhashed(sk)) {
		sk_nulls_add_node_rcu(sk, &hslot->head);
		hslot->count++;
		sock_prot_inuse_add(sock_net(sk), sk->sk_prot, 1);

		hslot2 = udp_hashslot2(udptable, udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_hash);
		spin_lock(&hslot2->lock);
		hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(&udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_node,
					 &hslot2->head);
		hslot2->count++;
		spin_unlock(&hslot2->lock);
	}
	error = 0;
fail_unlock:
	spin_unlock_bh(&hslot->lock);
fail:
	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_lib_get_port);

static int ipv4_rcv_saddr_equal(const struct sock *sk1, const struct sock *sk2)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet1 = inet_sk(sk1), *inet2 = inet_sk(sk2);

	return 	(!ipv6_only_sock(sk2)  &&
		 (!inet1->inet_rcv_saddr || !inet2->inet_rcv_saddr ||
		   inet1->inet_rcv_saddr == inet2->inet_rcv_saddr));
}

static unsigned int udp4_portaddr_hash(struct net *net, __be32 saddr,
				       unsigned int port)
{
	return jhash_1word((__force u32)saddr, net_hash_mix(net)) ^ port;
}

int udp_v4_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum)
{
	unsigned int hash2_nulladdr =
		udp4_portaddr_hash(sock_net(sk), htonl(INADDR_ANY), snum);
	unsigned int hash2_partial =
		udp4_portaddr_hash(sock_net(sk), inet_sk(sk)->inet_rcv_saddr, 0);

	/* precompute partial secondary hash */
	udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_hash = hash2_partial;
	return udp_lib_get_port(sk, snum, ipv4_rcv_saddr_equal, hash2_nulladdr);
}

static inline int compute_score(struct sock *sk, struct net *net, __be32 saddr,
			 unsigned short hnum,
			 __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif)
{
	int score = -1;

	if (net_eq(sock_net(sk), net) && udp_sk(sk)->udp_port_hash == hnum &&
			!ipv6_only_sock(sk)) {
		struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);

		score = (sk->sk_family == PF_INET ? 1 : 0);
		if (inet->inet_rcv_saddr) {
			if (inet->inet_rcv_saddr != daddr)
				return -1;
			score += 2;
		}
		if (inet->inet_daddr) {
			if (inet->inet_daddr != saddr)
				return -1;
			score += 2;
		}
		if (inet->inet_dport) {
			if (inet->inet_dport != sport)
				return -1;
			score += 2;
		}
		if (sk->sk_bound_dev_if) {
			if (sk->sk_bound_dev_if != dif)
				return -1;
			score += 2;
		}
	}
	return score;
}

/*
 * In this second variant, we check (daddr, dport) matches (inet_rcv_sadd, inet_num)
 */
#define SCORE2_MAX (1 + 2 + 2 + 2)
static inline int compute_score2(struct sock *sk, struct net *net,
				 __be32 saddr, __be16 sport,
				 __be32 daddr, unsigned int hnum, int dif)
{
	int score = -1;

	if (net_eq(sock_net(sk), net) && !ipv6_only_sock(sk)) {
		struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);

		if (inet->inet_rcv_saddr != daddr)
			return -1;
		if (inet->inet_num != hnum)
			return -1;

		score = (sk->sk_family == PF_INET ? 1 : 0);
		if (inet->inet_daddr) {
			if (inet->inet_daddr != saddr)
				return -1;
			score += 2;
		}
		if (inet->inet_dport) {
			if (inet->inet_dport != sport)
				return -1;
			score += 2;
		}
		if (sk->sk_bound_dev_if) {
			if (sk->sk_bound_dev_if != dif)
				return -1;
			score += 2;
		}
	}
	return score;
}


/* called with read_rcu_lock() */
static struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup2(struct net *net,
		__be32 saddr, __be16 sport,
		__be32 daddr, unsigned int hnum, int dif,
		struct udp_hslot *hslot2, unsigned int slot2)
{
	struct sock *sk, *result;
	struct hlist_nulls_node *node;
	int score, badness;

begin:
	result = NULL;
	badness = -1;
	udp_portaddr_for_each_entry_rcu(sk, node, &hslot2->head) {
		score = compute_score2(sk, net, saddr, sport,
				      daddr, hnum, dif);
		if (score > badness) {
			result = sk;
			badness = score;
			if (score == SCORE2_MAX)
				goto exact_match;
		}
	}
	/*
	 * if the nulls value we got at the end of this lookup is
	 * not the expected one, we must restart lookup.
	 * We probably met an item that was moved to another chain.
	 */
	if (get_nulls_value(node) != slot2)
		goto begin;

	if (result) {
exact_match:
		if (unlikely(!atomic_inc_not_zero_hint(&result->sk_refcnt, 2)))
			result = NULL;
		else if (unlikely(compute_score2(result, net, saddr, sport,
				  daddr, hnum, dif) < badness)) {
			sock_put(result);
			goto begin;
		}
	}
	return result;
}

/* UDP is nearly always wildcards out the wazoo, it makes no sense to try
 * harder than this. -DaveM
 */
struct sock *__udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr,
		__be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport,
		int dif, struct udp_table *udptable)
{
	struct sock *sk, *result;
	struct hlist_nulls_node *node;
	unsigned short hnum = ntohs(dport);
	unsigned int hash2, slot2, slot = udp_hashfn(net, hnum, udptable->mask);
	struct udp_hslot *hslot2, *hslot = &udptable->hash[slot];
	int score, badness;

	rcu_read_lock();
	if (hslot->count > 10) {
		hash2 = udp4_portaddr_hash(net, daddr, hnum);
		slot2 = hash2 & udptable->mask;
		hslot2 = &udptable->hash2[slot2];
		if (hslot->count < hslot2->count)
			goto begin;

		result = udp4_lib_lookup2(net, saddr, sport,
					  daddr, hnum, dif,
					  hslot2, slot2);
		if (!result) {
			hash2 = udp4_portaddr_hash(net, htonl(INADDR_ANY), hnum);
			slot2 = hash2 & udptable->mask;
			hslot2 = &udptable->hash2[slot2];
			if (hslot->count < hslot2->count)
				goto begin;

			result = udp4_lib_lookup2(net, saddr, sport,
						  htonl(INADDR_ANY), hnum, dif,
						  hslot2, slot2);
		}
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return result;
	}
begin:
	result = NULL;
	badness = -1;
	sk_nulls_for_each_rcu(sk, node, &hslot->head) {
		score = compute_score(sk, net, saddr, hnum, sport,
				      daddr, dport, dif);
		if (score > badness) {
			result = sk;
			badness = score;
		}
	}
	/*
	 * if the nulls value we got at the end of this lookup is
	 * not the expected one, we must restart lookup.
	 * We probably met an item that was moved to another chain.
	 */
	if (get_nulls_value(node) != slot)
		goto begin;

	if (result) {
		if (unlikely(!atomic_inc_not_zero_hint(&result->sk_refcnt, 2)))
			result = NULL;
		else if (unlikely(compute_score(result, net, saddr, hnum, sport,
				  daddr, dport, dif) < badness)) {
			sock_put(result);
			goto begin;
		}
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();
	return result;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__udp4_lib_lookup);

static inline struct sock *__udp4_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb,
						 __be16 sport, __be16 dport,
						 struct udp_table *udptable)
{
	struct sock *sk;
	const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb);

	if (unlikely(sk = skb_steal_sock(skb)))
		return sk;
	else
		return __udp4_lib_lookup(dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev), iph->saddr, sport,
					 iph->daddr, dport, inet_iif(skb),
					 udptable);
}

struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport,
			     __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif)
{
	return __udp4_lib_lookup(net, saddr, sport, daddr, dport, dif, &udp_table);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(udp4_lib_lookup);

static inline struct sock *udp_v4_mcast_next(struct net *net, struct sock *sk,
					     __be16 loc_port, __be32 loc_addr,
					     __be16 rmt_port, __be32 rmt_addr,
					     int dif)
{
	struct hlist_nulls_node *node;
	struct sock *s = sk;
	unsigned short hnum = ntohs(loc_port);

	sk_nulls_for_each_from(s, node) {
		struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(s);

		if (!net_eq(sock_net(s), net) ||
		    udp_sk(s)->udp_port_hash != hnum ||
		    (inet->inet_daddr && inet->inet_daddr != rmt_addr) ||
		    (inet->inet_dport != rmt_port && inet->inet_dport) ||
		    (inet->inet_rcv_saddr &&
		     inet->inet_rcv_saddr != loc_addr) ||
		    ipv6_only_sock(s) ||
		    (s->sk_bound_dev_if && s->sk_bound_dev_if != dif))
			continue;
		if (!ip_mc_sf_allow(s, loc_addr, rmt_addr, dif))
			continue;
		goto found;
	}
	s = NULL;
found:
	return s;
}

/*
 * This routine is called by the ICMP module when it gets some
 * sort of error condition.  If err < 0 then the socket should
 * be closed and the error returned to the user.  If err > 0
 * it's just the icmp type << 8 | icmp code.
 * Header points to the ip header of the error packet. We move
 * on past this. Then (as it used to claim before adjustment)
 * header points to the first 8 bytes of the udp header.  We need
 * to find the appropriate port.
 */

void __udp4_lib_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info, struct udp_table *udptable)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet;
	const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *)skb->data;
	struct udphdr *uh = (struct udphdr *)(skb->data+(iph->ihl<<2));
	const int type = icmp_hdr(skb)->type;
	const int code = icmp_hdr(skb)->code;
	struct sock *sk;
	int harderr;
	int err;
	struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev);

	sk = __udp4_lib_lookup(net, iph->daddr, uh->dest,
			iph->saddr, uh->source, skb->dev->ifindex, udptable);
	if (sk == NULL) {
		ICMP_INC_STATS_BH(net, ICMP_MIB_INERRORS);
		return;	/* No socket for error */
	}

	err = 0;
	harderr = 0;
	inet = inet_sk(sk);

	switch (type) {
	default:
	case ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED:
		err = EHOSTUNREACH;
		break;
	case ICMP_SOURCE_QUENCH:
		goto out;
	case ICMP_PARAMETERPROB:
		err = EPROTO;
		harderr = 1;
		break;
	case ICMP_DEST_UNREACH:
		if (code == ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED) { /* Path MTU discovery */
			if (inet->pmtudisc != IP_PMTUDISC_DONT) {
				err = EMSGSIZE;
				harderr = 1;
				break;
			}
			goto out;
		}
		err = EHOSTUNREACH;
		if (code <= NR_ICMP_UNREACH) {
			harderr = icmp_err_convert[code].fatal;
			err = icmp_err_convert[code].errno;
		}
		break;
	}

	/*
	 *      RFC1122: OK.  Passes ICMP errors back to application, as per
	 *	4.1.3.3.
	 */
	if (!inet->recverr) {
		if (!harderr || sk->sk_state != TCP_ESTABLISHED)
			goto out;
	} else
		ip_icmp_error(sk, skb, err, uh->dest, info, (u8 *)(uh+1));

	sk->sk_err = err;
	sk->sk_error_report(sk);
out:
	sock_put(sk);
}

void udp_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info)
{
	__udp4_lib_err(skb, info, &udp_table);
}

/*
 * Throw away all pending data and cancel the corking. Socket is locked.
 */
void udp_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk)
{
	struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(sk);

	if (up->pending) {
		up->len = 0;
		up->pending = 0;
		ip_flush_pending_frames(sk);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_flush_pending_frames);

/**
 * 	udp4_hwcsum  -  handle outgoing HW checksumming
 * 	@skb: 	sk_buff containing the filled-in UDP header
 * 	        (checksum field must be zeroed out)
 *	@src:	source IP address
 *	@dst:	destination IP address
 */
static void udp4_hwcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst)
{
	struct udphdr *uh = udp_hdr(skb);
	struct sk_buff *frags = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list;
	int offset = skb_transport_offset(skb);
	int len = skb->len - offset;
	int hlen = len;
	__wsum csum = 0;

	if (!frags) {
		/*
		 * Only one fragment on the socket.
		 */
		skb->csum_start = skb_transport_header(skb) - skb->head;
		skb->csum_offset = offsetof(struct udphdr, check);
		uh->check = ~csum_tcpudp_magic(src, dst, len,
					       IPPROTO_UDP, 0);
	} else {
		/*
		 * HW-checksum won't work as there are two or more
		 * fragments on the socket so that all csums of sk_buffs
		 * should be together
		 */
		do {
			csum = csum_add(csum, frags->csum);
			hlen -= frags->len;
		} while ((frags = frags->next));

		csum = skb_checksum(skb, offset, hlen, csum);
		skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;

		uh->check = csum_tcpudp_magic(src, dst, len, IPPROTO_UDP, csum);
		if (uh->check == 0)
			uh->check = CSUM_MANGLED_0;
	}
}

static int udp_send_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi4 *fl4)
{
	struct sock *sk = skb->sk;
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	struct udphdr *uh;
	int err = 0;
	int is_udplite = IS_UDPLITE(sk);
	int offset = skb_transport_offset(skb);
	int len = skb->len - offset;
	__wsum csum = 0;

	/*
	 * Create a UDP header
	 */
	uh = udp_hdr(skb);
	uh->source = inet->inet_sport;
	uh->dest = fl4->fl4_dport;
	uh->len = htons(len);
	uh->check = 0;

	if (is_udplite)  				 /*     UDP-Lite      */
		csum = udplite_csum(skb);

	else if (sk->sk_no_check == UDP_CSUM_NOXMIT) {   /* UDP csum disabled */

		skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;
		goto send;

	} else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) { /* UDP hardware csum */

		udp4_hwcsum(skb, fl4->saddr, fl4->daddr);
		goto send;

	} else
		csum = udp_csum(skb);

	/* add protocol-dependent pseudo-header */
	uh->check = csum_tcpudp_magic(fl4->saddr, fl4->daddr, len,
				      sk->sk_protocol, csum);
	if (uh->check == 0)
		uh->check = CSUM_MANGLED_0;

send:
	err = ip_send_skb(skb);
	if (err) {
		if (err == -ENOBUFS && !inet->recverr) {
			UDP_INC_STATS_USER(sock_net(sk),
					   UDP_MIB_SNDBUFERRORS, is_udplite);
			err = 0;
		}
	} else
		UDP_INC_STATS_USER(sock_net(sk),
				   UDP_MIB_OUTDATAGRAMS, is_udplite);
	return err;
}

/*
 * Push out all pending data as one UDP datagram. Socket is locked.
 */
static int udp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk)
{
	struct udp_sock  *up = udp_sk(sk);
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	struct flowi4 *fl4 = &inet->cork.fl.u.ip4;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	int err = 0;

	skb = ip_finish_skb(sk, fl4);
	if (!skb)
		goto out;

	err = udp_send_skb(skb, fl4);

out:
	up->len = 0;
	up->pending = 0;
	return err;
}

int udp_sendmsg(struct kiocb *iocb, struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg,
		size_t len)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(sk);
	struct flowi4 fl4_stack;
	struct flowi4 *fl4;
	int ulen = len;
	struct ipcm_cookie ipc;
	struct rtable *rt = NULL;
	int free = 0;
	int connected = 0;
	__be32 daddr, faddr, saddr;
	__be16 dport;
	u8  tos;
	int err, is_udplite = IS_UDPLITE(sk);
	int corkreq = up->corkflag || msg->msg_flags&MSG_MORE;
	int (*getfrag)(void *, char *, int, int, int, struct sk_buff *);
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ip_options_data opt_copy;

	if (len > 0xFFFF)
		return -EMSGSIZE;

	/*
	 *	Check the flags.
	 */

	if (msg->msg_flags & MSG_OOB) /* Mirror BSD error message compatibility */
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	ipc.opt = NULL;
	ipc.tx_flags = 0;

	getfrag = is_udplite ? udplite_getfrag : ip_generic_getfrag;

	fl4 = &inet->cork.fl.u.ip4;
	if (up->pending) {
		/*
		 * There are pending frames.
		 * The socket lock must be held while it's corked.
		 */
		lock_sock(sk);
		if (likely(up->pending)) {
			if (unlikely(up->pending != AF_INET)) {
				release_sock(sk);
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			goto do_append_data;
		}
		release_sock(sk);
	}
	ulen += sizeof(struct udphdr);

	/*
	 *	Get and verify the address.
	 */
	if (msg->msg_name) {
		struct sockaddr_in * usin = (struct sockaddr_in *)msg->msg_name;
		if (msg->msg_namelen < sizeof(*usin))
			return -EINVAL;
		if (usin->sin_family != AF_INET) {
			if (usin->sin_family != AF_UNSPEC)
				return -EAFNOSUPPORT;
		}

		daddr = usin->sin_addr.s_addr;
		dport = usin->sin_port;
		if (dport == 0)
			return -EINVAL;
	} else {
		if (sk->sk_state != TCP_ESTABLISHED)
			return -EDESTADDRREQ;
		daddr = inet->inet_daddr;
		dport = inet->inet_dport;
		/* Open fast path for connected socket.
		   Route will not be used, if at least one option is set.
		 */
		connected = 1;
	}
	ipc.addr = inet->inet_saddr;

	ipc.oif = sk->sk_bound_dev_if;
	err = sock_tx_timestamp(sk, &ipc.tx_flags);
	if (err)
		return err;
	if (msg->msg_controllen) {
		err = ip_cmsg_send(sock_net(sk), msg, &ipc);
		if (err)
			return err;
		if (ipc.opt)
			free = 1;
		connected = 0;
	}
	if (!ipc.opt) {
		struct ip_options_rcu *inet_opt;

		rcu_read_lock();
		inet_opt = rcu_dereference(inet->inet_opt);
		if (inet_opt) {
			memcpy(&opt_copy, inet_opt,
			       sizeof(*inet_opt) + inet_opt->opt.optlen);
			ipc.opt = &opt_copy.opt;
		}
		rcu_read_unlock();
	}

	saddr = ipc.addr;
	ipc.addr = faddr = daddr;

	if (ipc.opt && ipc.opt->opt.srr) {
		if (!daddr)
			return -EINVAL;
		faddr = ipc.opt->opt.faddr;
		connected = 0;
	}
	tos = RT_TOS(inet->tos);
	if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LOCALROUTE) ||
	    (msg->msg_flags & MSG_DONTROUTE) ||
	    (ipc.opt && ipc.opt->opt.is_strictroute)) {
		tos |= RTO_ONLINK;
		connected = 0;
	}

	if (ipv4_is_multicast(daddr)) {
		if (!ipc.oif)
			ipc.oif = inet->mc_index;
		if (!saddr)
			saddr = inet->mc_addr;
		connected = 0;
	} else if (!ipc.oif)
		ipc.oif = inet->uc_index;

	if (connected)
		rt = (struct rtable *)sk_dst_check(sk, 0);

	if (rt == NULL) {
		struct net *net = sock_net(sk);

		fl4 = &fl4_stack;
		flowi4_init_output(fl4, ipc.oif, sk->sk_mark, tos,
				   RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, sk->sk_protocol,
				   inet_sk_flowi_flags(sk)|FLOWI_FLAG_CAN_SLEEP,
				   faddr, saddr, dport, inet->inet_sport);

		security_sk_classify_flow(sk, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4));
		rt = ip_route_output_flow(net, fl4, sk);
		if (IS_ERR(rt)) {
			err = PTR_ERR(rt);
			rt = NULL;
			if (err == -ENETUNREACH)
				IP_INC_STATS_BH(net, IPSTATS_MIB_OUTNOROUTES);
			goto out;
		}

		err = -EACCES;
		if ((rt->rt_flags & RTCF_BROADCAST) &&
		    !sock_flag(sk, SOCK_BROADCAST))
			goto out;
		if (connected)
			sk_dst_set(sk, dst_clone(&rt->dst));
	}

	if (msg->msg_flags&MSG_CONFIRM)
		goto do_confirm;
back_from_confirm:

	saddr = fl4->saddr;
	if (!ipc.addr)
		daddr = ipc.addr = fl4->daddr;

	/* Lockless fast path for the non-corking case. */
	if (!corkreq) {
		skb = ip_make_skb(sk, fl4, getfrag, msg->msg_iov, ulen,
				  sizeof(struct udphdr), &ipc, &rt,
				  msg->msg_flags);
		err = PTR_ERR(skb);
		if (skb && !IS_ERR(skb))
			err = udp_send_skb(skb, fl4);
		goto out;
	}

	lock_sock(sk);
	if (unlikely(up->pending)) {
		/* The socket is already corked while preparing it. */
		/* ... which is an evident application bug. --ANK */
		release_sock(sk);

		LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt("cork app bug 2\n"));
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}
	/*
	 *	Now cork the socket to pend data.
	 */
	fl4 = &inet->cork.fl.u.ip4;
	fl4->daddr = daddr;
	fl4->saddr = saddr;
	fl4->fl4_dport = dport;
	fl4->fl4_sport = inet->inet_sport;
	up->pending = AF_INET;

do_append_data:
	up->len += ulen;
	err = ip_append_data(sk, fl4, getfrag, msg->msg_iov, ulen,
			     sizeof(struct udphdr), &ipc, &rt,
			     corkreq ? msg->msg_flags|MSG_MORE : msg->msg_flags);
	if (err)
		udp_flush_pending_frames(sk);
	else if (!corkreq)
		err = udp_push_pending_frames(sk);
	else if (unlikely(skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_write_queue)))
		up->pending = 0;
	release_sock(sk);

out:
	ip_rt_put(rt);
	if (free)
		kfree(ipc.opt);
	if (!err)
		return len;
	/*
	 * ENOBUFS = no kernel mem, SOCK_NOSPACE = no sndbuf space.  Reporting
	 * ENOBUFS might not be good (it's not tunable per se), but otherwise
	 * we don't have a good statistic (IpOutDiscards but it can be too many
	 * things).  We could add another new stat but at least for now that
	 * seems like overkill.
	 */
	if (err == -ENOBUFS || test_bit(SOCK_NOSPACE, &sk->sk_socket->flags)) {
		UDP_INC_STATS_USER(sock_net(sk),
				UDP_MIB_SNDBUFERRORS, is_udplite);
	}
	return err;

do_confirm:
	dst_confirm(&rt->dst);
	if (!(msg->msg_flags&MSG_PROBE) || len)
		goto back_from_confirm;
	err = 0;
	goto out;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_sendmsg);

int udp_sendpage(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset,
		 size_t size, int flags)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(sk);
	int ret;

	if (!up->pending) {
		struct msghdr msg = {	.msg_flags = flags|MSG_MORE };

		/* Call udp_sendmsg to specify destination address which
		 * sendpage interface can't pass.
		 * This will succeed only when the socket is connected.
		 */
		ret = udp_sendmsg(NULL, sk, &msg, 0);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;
	}

	lock_sock(sk);

	if (unlikely(!up->pending)) {
		release_sock(sk);

		LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt("udp cork app bug 3\n"));
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ret = ip_append_page(sk, &inet->cork.fl.u.ip4,
			     page, offset, size, flags);
	if (ret == -EOPNOTSUPP) {
		release_sock(sk);
		return sock_no_sendpage(sk->sk_socket, page, offset,
					size, flags);
	}
	if (ret < 0) {
		udp_flush_pending_frames(sk);
		goto out;
	}

	up->len += size;
	if (!(up->corkflag || (flags&MSG_MORE)))
		ret = udp_push_pending_frames(sk);
	if (!ret)
		ret = size;
out:
	release_sock(sk);
	return ret;
}


/**
 *	first_packet_length	- return length of first packet in receive queue
 *	@sk: socket
 *
 *	Drops all bad checksum frames, until a valid one is found.
 *	Returns the length of found skb, or 0 if none is found.
 */
static unsigned int first_packet_length(struct sock *sk)
{
	struct sk_buff_head list_kill, *rcvq = &sk->sk_receive_queue;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	unsigned int res;

	__skb_queue_head_init(&list_kill);

	spin_lock_bh(&rcvq->lock);
	while ((skb = skb_peek(rcvq)) != NULL &&
		udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb)) {
		UDP_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), UDP_MIB_INERRORS,
				 IS_UDPLITE(sk));
		atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops);
		__skb_unlink(skb, rcvq);
		__skb_queue_tail(&list_kill, skb);
	}
	res = skb ? skb->len : 0;
	spin_unlock_bh(&rcvq->lock);

	if (!skb_queue_empty(&list_kill)) {
		bool slow = lock_sock_fast(sk);

		__skb_queue_purge(&list_kill);
		sk_mem_reclaim_partial(sk);
		unlock_sock_fast(sk, slow);
	}
	return res;
}

/*
 *	IOCTL requests applicable to the UDP protocol
 */

int udp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	switch (cmd) {
	case SIOCOUTQ:
	{
		int amount = sk_wmem_alloc_get(sk);

		return put_user(amount, (int __user *)arg);
	}

	case SIOCINQ:
	{
		unsigned int amount = first_packet_length(sk);

		if (amount)
			/*
			 * We will only return the amount
			 * of this packet since that is all
			 * that will be read.
			 */
			amount -= sizeof(struct udphdr);

		return put_user(amount, (int __user *)arg);
	}

	default:
		return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
	}

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_ioctl);

/*
 * 	This should be easy, if there is something there we
 * 	return it, otherwise we block.
 */

int udp_recvmsg(struct kiocb *iocb, struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg,
		size_t len, int noblock, int flags, int *addr_len)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	struct sockaddr_in *sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)msg->msg_name;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	unsigned int ulen, copied;
	int peeked, off = 0;
	int err;
	int is_udplite = IS_UDPLITE(sk);
	bool slow;

	/*
	 *	Check any passed addresses
	 */
	if (addr_len)
		*addr_len = sizeof(*sin);

	if (flags & MSG_ERRQUEUE)
		return ip_recv_error(sk, msg, len);

try_again:
	skb = __skb_recv_datagram(sk, flags | (noblock ? MSG_DONTWAIT : 0),
				  &peeked, &off, &err);
	if (!skb)
		goto out;

	ulen = skb->len - sizeof(struct udphdr);
	copied = len;
	if (copied > ulen)
		copied = ulen;
	else if (copied < ulen)
		msg->msg_flags |= MSG_TRUNC;

	/*
	 * If checksum is needed at all, try to do it while copying the
	 * data.  If the data is truncated, or if we only want a partial
	 * coverage checksum (UDP-Lite), do it before the copy.
	 */

	if (copied < ulen || UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->partial_cov) {
		if (udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb))
			goto csum_copy_err;
	}

	if (skb_csum_unnecessary(skb))
		err = skb_copy_datagram_iovec(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr),
					      msg->msg_iov, copied);
	else {
		err = skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_iovec(skb,
						       sizeof(struct udphdr),
						       msg->msg_iov);

		if (err == -EINVAL)
			goto csum_copy_err;
	}

	if (err)
		goto out_free;

	if (!peeked)
		UDP_INC_STATS_USER(sock_net(sk),
				UDP_MIB_INDATAGRAMS, is_udplite);

	sock_recv_ts_and_drops(msg, sk, skb);

	/* Copy the address. */
	if (sin) {
		sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
		sin->sin_port = udp_hdr(skb)->source;
		sin->sin_addr.s_addr = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr;
		memset(sin->sin_zero, 0, sizeof(sin->sin_zero));
	}
	if (inet->cmsg_flags)
		ip_cmsg_recv(msg, skb);

	err = copied;
	if (flags & MSG_TRUNC)
		err = ulen;

out_free:
	skb_free_datagram_locked(sk, skb);
out:
	return err;

csum_copy_err:
	slow = lock_sock_fast(sk);
	if (!skb_kill_datagram(sk, skb, flags))
		UDP_INC_STATS_USER(sock_net(sk), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, is_udplite);
	unlock_sock_fast(sk, slow);

	if (noblock)
		return -EAGAIN;

	/* starting over for a new packet */
	msg->msg_flags &= ~MSG_TRUNC;
	goto try_again;
}


int udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
	/*
	 *	1003.1g - break association.
	 */

	sk->sk_state = TCP_CLOSE;
	inet->inet_daddr = 0;
	inet->inet_dport = 0;
	sock_rps_reset_rxhash(sk);
	sk->sk_bound_dev_if = 0;
	if (!(sk->sk_userlocks & SOCK_BINDADDR_LOCK))
		inet_reset_saddr(sk);

	if (!(sk->sk_userlocks & SOCK_BINDPORT_LOCK)) {
		sk->sk_prot->unhash(sk);
		inet->inet_sport = 0;
	}
	sk_dst_reset(sk);
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_disconnect);

void udp_lib_unhash(struct sock *sk)
{
	if (sk_hashed(sk)) {
		struct udp_table *udptable = sk->sk_prot->h.udp_table;
		struct udp_hslot *hslot, *hslot2;

		hslot  = udp_hashslot(udptable, sock_net(sk),
				      udp_sk(sk)->udp_port_hash);
		hslot2 = udp_hashslot2(udptable, udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_hash);

		spin_lock_bh(&hslot->lock);
		if (sk_nulls_del_node_init_rcu(sk)) {
			hslot->count--;
			inet_sk(sk)->inet_num = 0;
			sock_prot_inuse_add(sock_net(sk), sk->sk_prot, -1);

			spin_lock(&hslot2->lock);
			hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu(&udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_node);
			hslot2->count--;
			spin_unlock(&hslot2->lock);
		}
		spin_unlock_bh(&hslot->lock);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_lib_unhash);

/*
 * inet_rcv_saddr was changed, we must rehash secondary hash
 */
void udp_lib_rehash(struct sock *sk, u16 newhash)
{
	if (sk_hashed(sk)) {
		struct udp_table *udptable = sk->sk_prot->h.udp_table;
		struct udp_hslot *hslot, *hslot2, *nhslot2;

		hslot2 = udp_hashslot2(udptable, udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_hash);
		nhslot2 = udp_hashslot2(udptable, newhash);
		udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_hash = newhash;
		if (hslot2 != nhslot2) {
			hslot = udp_hashslot(udptable, sock_net(sk),
					     udp_sk(sk)->udp_port_hash);
			/* we must lock primary chain too */
			spin_lock_bh(&hslot->lock);

			spin_lock(&hslot2->lock);
			hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu(&udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_node);
			hslot2->count--;
			spin_unlock(&hslot2->lock);

			spin_lock(&nhslot2->lock);
			hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(&udp_sk(sk)->udp_portaddr_node,
						 &nhslot2->head);
			nhslot2->count++;
			spin_unlock(&nhslot2->lock);

			spin_unlock_bh(&hslot->lock);
		}
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_lib_rehash);

static void udp_v4_rehash(struct sock *sk)
{
	u16 new_hash = udp4_portaddr_hash(sock_net(sk),
					  inet_sk(sk)->inet_rcv_saddr,
					  inet_sk(sk)->inet_num);
	udp_lib_rehash(sk, new_hash);
}

static int __udp_queue_rcv_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	int rc;

	if (inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr)
		sock_rps_save_rxhash(sk, skb);

	rc = sock_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb);
	if (rc < 0) {
		int is_udplite = IS_UDPLITE(sk);

		/* Note that an ENOMEM error is charged twice */
		if (rc == -ENOMEM)
			UDP_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), UDP_MIB_RCVBUFERRORS,
					 is_udplite);
		UDP_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, is_udplite);
		kfree_skb(skb);
		trace_udp_fail_queue_rcv_skb(rc, sk);
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;

}

/* returns:
 *  -1: error
 *   0: success
 *  >0: "udp encap" protocol resubmission
 *
 * Note that in the success and error cases, the skb is assumed to
 * have either been requeued or freed.
 */
int udp_queue_rcv_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(sk);
	int rc;
	int is_udplite = IS_UDPLITE(sk);

	/*
	 *	Charge it to the socket, dropping if the queue is full.
	 */
	if (!xfrm4_policy_check(sk, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
		goto drop;
	nf_reset(skb);

	if (up->encap_type) {
		int (*encap_rcv)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb);

		/*
		 * This is an encapsulation socket so pass the skb to
		 * the socket's udp_encap_rcv() hook. Otherwise, just
		 * fall through and pass this up the UDP socket.
		 * up->encap_rcv() returns the following value:
		 * =0 if skb was successfully passed to the encap
		 *    handler or was discarded by it.
		 * >0 if skb should be passed on to UDP.
		 * <0 if skb should be resubmitted as proto -N
		 */

		/* if we're overly short, let UDP handle it */
		encap_rcv = ACCESS_ONCE(up->encap_rcv);
		if (skb->len > sizeof(struct udphdr) && encap_rcv != NULL) {
			int ret;

			ret = encap_rcv(sk, skb);
			if (ret <= 0) {
				UDP_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk),
						 UDP_MIB_INDATAGRAMS,
						 is_udplite);
				return -ret;
			}
		}

		/* FALLTHROUGH -- it's a UDP Packet */
	}

	/*
	 * 	UDP-Lite specific tests, ignored on UDP sockets
	 */
	if ((is_udplite & UDPLITE_RECV_CC)  &&  UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->partial_cov) {

		/*
		 * MIB statistics other than incrementing the error count are
		 * disabled for the following two types of errors: these depend
		 * on the application settings, not on the functioning of the
		 * protocol stack as such.
		 *
		 * RFC 3828 here recommends (sec 3.3): "There should also be a
		 * way ... to ... at least let the receiving application block
		 * delivery of packets with coverage values less than a value
		 * provided by the application."
		 */
		if (up->pcrlen == 0) {          /* full coverage was set  */
			LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_WARNING "UDPLite: partial coverage %d while full coverage %d requested\n",
				       UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov, skb->len);
			goto drop;
		}
		/* The next case involves violating the min. coverage requested
		 * by the receiver. This is subtle: if receiver wants x and x is
		 * greater than the buffersize/MTU then receiver will complain
		 * that it wants x while sender emits packets of smaller size y.
		 * Therefore the above ...()->partial_cov statement is essential.
		 */
		if (UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov  <  up->pcrlen) {
			LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_WARNING "UDPLite: coverage %d too small, need min %d\n",
				       UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov, up->pcrlen);
			goto drop;
		}
	}

	if (rcu_access_pointer(sk->sk_filter) &&
	    udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb))
		goto drop;


	if (sk_rcvqueues_full(sk, skb))
		goto drop;

	rc = 0;

	ipv4_pktinfo_prepare(skb);
	bh_lock_sock(sk);
	if (!sock_owned_by_user(sk))
		rc = __udp_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb);
	else if (sk_add_backlog(sk, skb)) {
		bh_unlock_sock(sk);
		goto drop;
	}
	bh_unlock_sock(sk);

	return rc;

drop:
	UDP_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, is_udplite);
	atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops);
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return -1;
}


static void flush_stack(struct sock **stack, unsigned int count,
			struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int final)
{
	unsigned int i;
	struct sk_buff *skb1 = NULL;
	struct sock *sk;

	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
		sk = stack[i];
		if (likely(skb1 == NULL))
			skb1 = (i == final) ? skb : skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);

		if (!skb1) {
			atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops);
			UDP_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), UDP_MIB_RCVBUFERRORS,
					 IS_UDPLITE(sk));
			UDP_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), UDP_MIB_INERRORS,
					 IS_UDPLITE(sk));
		}

		if (skb1 && udp_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb1) <= 0)
			skb1 = NULL;
	}
	if (unlikely(skb1))
		kfree_skb(skb1);
}

/*
 *	Multicasts and broadcasts go to each listener.
 *
 *	Note: called only from the BH handler context.
 */
static int __udp4_lib_mcast_deliver(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb,
				    struct udphdr  *uh,
				    __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr,
				    struct udp_table *udptable)
{
	struct sock *sk, *stack[256 / sizeof(struct sock *)];
	struct udp_hslot *hslot = udp_hashslot(udptable, net, ntohs(uh->dest));
	int dif;
	unsigned int i, count = 0;

	spin_lock(&hslot->lock);
	sk = sk_nulls_head(&hslot->head);
	dif = skb->dev->ifindex;
	sk = udp_v4_mcast_next(net, sk, uh->dest, daddr, uh->source, saddr, dif);
	while (sk) {
		stack[count++] = sk;
		sk = udp_v4_mcast_next(net, sk_nulls_next(sk), uh->dest,
				       daddr, uh->source, saddr, dif);
		if (unlikely(count == ARRAY_SIZE(stack))) {
			if (!sk)
				break;
			flush_stack(stack, count, skb, ~0);
			count = 0;
		}
	}
	/*
	 * before releasing chain lock, we must take a reference on sockets
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
		sock_hold(stack[i]);

	spin_unlock(&hslot->lock);

	/*
	 * do the slow work with no lock held
	 */
	if (count) {
		flush_stack(stack, count, skb, count - 1);

		for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
			sock_put(stack[i]);
	} else {
		kfree_skb(skb);
	}
	return 0;
}

/* Initialize UDP checksum. If exited with zero value (success),
 * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY means, that no more checks are required.
 * Otherwise, csum completion requires chacksumming packet body,
 * including udp header and folding it to skb->csum.
 */
static inline int udp4_csum_init(struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh,
				 int proto)
{
	const struct iphdr *iph;
	int err;

	UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->partial_cov = 0;
	UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov = skb->len;

	if (proto == IPPROTO_UDPLITE) {
		err = udplite_checksum_init(skb, uh);
		if (err)
			return err;
	}

	iph = ip_hdr(skb);
	if (uh->check == 0) {
		skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
	} else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) {
		if (!csum_tcpudp_magic(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, skb->len,
				      proto, skb->csum))
			skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
	}
	if (!skb_csum_unnecessary(skb))
		skb->csum = csum_tcpudp_nofold(iph->saddr, iph->daddr,
					       skb->len, proto, 0);
	/* Probably, we should checksum udp header (it should be in cache
	 * in any case) and data in tiny packets (< rx copybreak).
	 */

	return 0;
}

/*
 *	All we need to do is get the socket, and then do a checksum.
 */

int __udp4_lib_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct udp_table *udptable,
		   int proto)
{
	struct sock *sk;
	struct udphdr *uh;
	unsigned short ulen;
	struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb);
	__be32 saddr, daddr;
	struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev);

	/*
	 *  Validate the packet.
	 */
	if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr)))
		goto drop;		/* No space for header. */

	uh   = udp_hdr(skb);
	ulen = ntohs(uh->len);
	saddr = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr;
	daddr = ip_hdr(skb)->daddr;

	if (ulen > skb->len)
		goto short_packet;

	if (proto == IPPROTO_UDP) {
		/* UDP validates ulen. */
		if (ulen < sizeof(*uh) || pskb_trim_rcsum(skb, ulen))
			goto short_packet;
		uh = udp_hdr(skb);
	}

	if (udp4_csum_init(skb, uh, proto))
		goto csum_error;

	if (rt->rt_flags & (RTCF_BROADCAST|RTCF_MULTICAST))
		return __udp4_lib_mcast_deliver(net, skb, uh,
				saddr, daddr, udptable);

	sk = __udp4_lib_lookup_skb(skb, uh->source, uh->dest, udptable);

	if (sk != NULL) {
		int ret = udp_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb);
		sock_put(sk);

		/* a return value > 0 means to resubmit the input, but
		 * it wants the return to be -protocol, or 0
		 */
		if (ret > 0)
			return -ret;
		return 0;
	}

	if (!xfrm4_policy_check(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
		goto drop;
	nf_reset(skb);

	/* No socket. Drop packet silently, if checksum is wrong */
	if (udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb))
		goto csum_error;

	UDP_INC_STATS_BH(net, UDP_MIB_NOPORTS, proto == IPPROTO_UDPLITE);
	icmp_send(skb, ICMP_DEST_UNREACH, ICMP_PORT_UNREACH, 0);

	/*
	 * Hmm.  We got an UDP packet to a port to which we
	 * don't wanna listen.  Ignore it.
	 */
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return 0;

short_packet:
	LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "UDP%s: short packet: From %pI4:%u %d/%d to %pI4:%u\n",
		       proto == IPPROTO_UDPLITE ? "Lite" : "",
		       &saddr, ntohs(uh->source),
		       ulen, skb->len,
		       &daddr, ntohs(uh->dest));
	goto drop;

csum_error:
	/*
	 * RFC1122: OK.  Discards the bad packet silently (as far as
	 * the network is concerned, anyway) as per 4.1.3.4 (MUST).
	 */
	LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "UDP%s: bad checksum. From %pI4:%u to %pI4:%u ulen %d\n",
		       proto == IPPROTO_UDPLITE ? "Lite" : "",
		       &saddr, ntohs(uh->source), &daddr, ntohs(uh->dest),
		       ulen);
drop:
	UDP_INC_STATS_BH(net, UDP_MIB_INERRORS, proto == IPPROTO_UDPLITE);
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return 0;
}

int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	return __udp4_lib_rcv(skb, &udp_table, IPPROTO_UDP);
}

void udp_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk)
{
	bool slow = lock_sock_fast(sk);
	udp_flush_pending_frames(sk);
	unlock_sock_fast(sk, slow);
}

/*
 *	Socket option code for UDP
 */
int udp_lib_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname,
		       char __user *optval, unsigned int optlen,
		       int (*push_pending_frames)(struct sock *))
{
	struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(sk);
	int val;
	int err = 0;
	int is_udplite = IS_UDPLITE(sk);

	if (optlen < sizeof(int))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (get_user(val, (int __user *)optval))
		return -EFAULT;

	switch (optname) {
	case UDP_CORK:
		if (val != 0) {
			up->corkflag = 1;
		} else {
			up->corkflag = 0;
			lock_sock(sk);
			(*push_pending_frames)(sk);
			release_sock(sk);
		}
		break;

	case UDP_ENCAP:
		switch (val) {
		case 0:
		case UDP_ENCAP_ESPINUDP:
		case UDP_ENCAP_ESPINUDP_NON_IKE:
			up->encap_rcv = xfrm4_udp_encap_rcv;
			/* FALLTHROUGH */
		case UDP_ENCAP_L2TPINUDP:
			up->encap_type = val;
			break;
		default:
			err = -ENOPROTOOPT;
			break;
		}
		break;

	/*
	 * 	UDP-Lite's partial checksum coverage (RFC 3828).
	 */
	/* The sender sets actual checksum coverage length via this option.
	 * The case coverage > packet length is handled by send module. */
	case UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV:
		if (!is_udplite)         /* Disable the option on UDP sockets */
			return -ENOPROTOOPT;
		if (val != 0 && val < 8) /* Illegal coverage: use default (8) */
			val = 8;
		else if (val > USHRT_MAX)
			val = USHRT_MAX;
		up->pcslen = val;
		up->pcflag |= UDPLITE_SEND_CC;
		break;

	/* The receiver specifies a minimum checksum coverage value. To make
	 * sense, this should be set to at least 8 (as done below). If zero is
	 * used, this again means full checksum coverage.                     */
	case UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV:
		if (!is_udplite)         /* Disable the option on UDP sockets */
			return -ENOPROTOOPT;
		if (val != 0 && val < 8) /* Avoid silly minimal values.       */
			val = 8;
		else if (val > USHRT_MAX)
			val = USHRT_MAX;
		up->pcrlen = val;
		up->pcflag |= UDPLITE_RECV_CC;
		break;

	default:
		err = -ENOPROTOOPT;
		break;
	}

	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_lib_setsockopt);

int udp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname,
		   char __user *optval, unsigned int optlen)
{
	if (level == SOL_UDP  ||  level == SOL_UDPLITE)
		return udp_lib_setsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen,
					  udp_push_pending_frames);
	return ip_setsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
int compat_udp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname,
			  char __user *optval, unsigned int optlen)
{
	if (level == SOL_UDP  ||  level == SOL_UDPLITE)
		return udp_lib_setsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen,
					  udp_push_pending_frames);
	return compat_ip_setsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen);
}
#endif

int udp_lib_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname,
		       char __user *optval, int __user *optlen)
{
	struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(sk);
	int val, len;

	if (get_user(len, optlen))
		return -EFAULT;

	len = min_t(unsigned int, len, sizeof(int));

	if (len < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	switch (optname) {
	case UDP_CORK:
		val = up->corkflag;
		break;

	case UDP_ENCAP:
		val = up->encap_type;
		break;

	/* The following two cannot be changed on UDP sockets, the return is
	 * always 0 (which corresponds to the full checksum coverage of UDP). */
	case UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV:
		val = up->pcslen;
		break;

	case UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV:
		val = up->pcrlen;
		break;

	default:
		return -ENOPROTOOPT;
	}

	if (put_user(len, optlen))
		return -EFAULT;
	if (copy_to_user(optval, &val, len))
		return -EFAULT;
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_lib_getsockopt);

int udp_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname,
		   char __user *optval, int __user *optlen)
{
	if (level == SOL_UDP  ||  level == SOL_UDPLITE)
		return udp_lib_getsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen);
	return ip_getsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
int compat_udp_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname,
				 char __user *optval, int __user *optlen)
{
	if (level == SOL_UDP  ||  level == SOL_UDPLITE)
		return udp_lib_getsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen);
	return compat_ip_getsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen);
}
#endif
/**
 * 	udp_poll - wait for a UDP event.
 *	@file - file struct
 *	@sock - socket
 *	@wait - poll table
 *
 *	This is same as datagram poll, except for the special case of
 *	blocking sockets. If application is using a blocking fd
 *	and a packet with checksum error is in the queue;
 *	then it could get return from select indicating data available
 *	but then block when reading it. Add special case code
 *	to work around these arguably broken applications.
 */
unsigned int udp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait)
{
	unsigned int mask = datagram_poll(file, sock, wait);
	struct sock *sk = sock->sk;

	/* Check for false positives due to checksum errors */
	if ((mask & POLLRDNORM) && !(file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) &&
	    !(sk->sk_shutdown & RCV_SHUTDOWN) && !first_packet_length(sk))
		mask &= ~(POLLIN | POLLRDNORM);

	return mask;

}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_poll);

struct proto udp_prot = {
	.name		   = "UDP",
	.owner		   = THIS_MODULE,
	.close		   = udp_lib_close,
	.connect	   = ip4_datagram_connect,
	.disconnect	   = udp_disconnect,
	.ioctl		   = udp_ioctl,
	.destroy	   = udp_destroy_sock,
	.setsockopt	   = udp_setsockopt,
	.getsockopt	   = udp_getsockopt,
	.sendmsg	   = udp_sendmsg,
	.recvmsg	   = udp_recvmsg,
	.sendpage	   = udp_sendpage,
	.backlog_rcv	   = __udp_queue_rcv_skb,
	.hash		   = udp_lib_hash,
	.unhash		   = udp_lib_unhash,
	.rehash		   = udp_v4_rehash,
	.get_port	   = udp_v4_get_port,
	.memory_allocated  = &udp_memory_allocated,
	.sysctl_mem	   = sysctl_udp_mem,
	.sysctl_wmem	   = &sysctl_udp_wmem_min,
	.sysctl_rmem	   = &sysctl_udp_rmem_min,
	.obj_size	   = sizeof(struct udp_sock),
	.slab_flags	   = SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU,
	.h.udp_table	   = &udp_table,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_setsockopt = compat_udp_setsockopt,
	.compat_getsockopt = compat_udp_getsockopt,
#endif
	.clear_sk	   = sk_prot_clear_portaddr_nulls,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_prot);

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS

static struct sock *udp_get_first(struct seq_file *seq, int start)
{
	struct sock *sk;
	struct udp_iter_state *state = seq->private;
	struct net *net = seq_file_net(seq);

	for (state->bucket = start; state->bucket <= state->udp_table->mask;
	     ++state->bucket) {
		struct hlist_nulls_node *node;
		struct udp_hslot *hslot = &state->udp_table->hash[state->bucket];

		if (hlist_nulls_empty(&hslot->head))
			continue;

		spin_lock_bh(&hslot->lock);
		sk_nulls_for_each(sk, node, &hslot->head) {
			if (!net_eq(sock_net(sk), net))
				continue;
			if (sk->sk_family == state->family)
				goto found;
		}
		spin_unlock_bh(&hslot->lock);
	}
	sk = NULL;
found:
	return sk;
}

static struct sock *udp_get_next(struct seq_file *seq, struct sock *sk)
{
	struct udp_iter_state *state = seq->private;
	struct net *net = seq_file_net(seq);

	do {
		sk = sk_nulls_next(sk);
	} while (sk && (!net_eq(sock_net(sk), net) || sk->sk_family != state->family));

	if (!sk) {
		if (state->bucket <= state->udp_table->mask)
			spin_unlock_bh(&state->udp_table->hash[state->bucket].lock);
		return udp_get_first(seq, state->bucket + 1);
	}
	return sk;
}

static struct sock *udp_get_idx(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t pos)
{
	struct sock *sk = udp_get_first(seq, 0);

	if (sk)
		while (pos && (sk = udp_get_next(seq, sk)) != NULL)
			--pos;
	return pos ? NULL : sk;
}

static void *udp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
{
	struct udp_iter_state *state = seq->private;
	state->bucket = MAX_UDP_PORTS;

	return *pos ? udp_get_idx(seq, *pos-1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN;
}

static void *udp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
	struct sock *sk;

	if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN)
		sk = udp_get_idx(seq, 0);
	else
		sk = udp_get_next(seq, v);

	++*pos;
	return sk;
}

static void udp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
{
	struct udp_iter_state *state = seq->private;

	if (state->bucket <= state->udp_table->mask)
		spin_unlock_bh(&state->udp_table->hash[state->bucket].lock);
}

int udp_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct udp_seq_afinfo *afinfo = PDE(inode)->data;
	struct udp_iter_state *s;
	int err;

	err = seq_open_net(inode, file, &afinfo->seq_ops,
			   sizeof(struct udp_iter_state));
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

	s = ((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private;
	s->family		= afinfo->family;
	s->udp_table		= afinfo->udp_table;
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_seq_open);

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
int udp_proc_register(struct net *net, struct udp_seq_afinfo *afinfo)
{
	struct proc_dir_entry *p;
	int rc = 0;

	afinfo->seq_ops.start		= udp_seq_start;
	afinfo->seq_ops.next		= udp_seq_next;
	afinfo->seq_ops.stop		= udp_seq_stop;

	p = proc_create_data(afinfo->name, S_IRUGO, net->proc_net,
			     afinfo->seq_fops, afinfo);
	if (!p)
		rc = -ENOMEM;
	return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_proc_register);

void udp_proc_unregister(struct net *net, struct udp_seq_afinfo *afinfo)
{
	proc_net_remove(net, afinfo->name);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udp_proc_unregister);

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
static void udp4_format_sock(struct sock *sp, struct seq_file *f,
		int bucket, int *len)
{
	struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sp);
	__be32 dest = inet->inet_daddr;
	__be32 src  = inet->inet_rcv_saddr;
	__u16 destp	  = ntohs(inet->inet_dport);
	__u16 srcp	  = ntohs(inet->inet_sport);

	seq_printf(f, "%5d: %08X:%04X %08X:%04X"
		" %02X %08X:%08X %02X:%08lX %08X %5d %8d %lu %d %pK %d%n",
		bucket, src, srcp, dest, destp, sp->sk_state,
		sk_wmem_alloc_get(sp),
		sk_rmem_alloc_get(sp),
		0, 0L, 0, sock_i_uid(sp), 0, sock_i_ino(sp),
		atomic_read(&sp->sk_refcnt), sp,
		atomic_read(&sp->sk_drops), len);
}

int udp4_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
{
	if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN)
		seq_printf(seq, "%-127s\n",
			   "  sl  local_address rem_address   st tx_queue "
			   "rx_queue tr tm->when retrnsmt   uid  timeout "
			   "inode ref pointer drops");
	else {
		struct udp_iter_state *state = seq->private;
		int len;

		udp4_format_sock(v, seq, state->bucket, &len);
		seq_printf(seq, "%*s\n", 127 - len, "");
	}
	return 0;
}

static const struct file_operations udp_afinfo_seq_fops = {
	.owner    = THIS_MODULE,
	.open     = udp_seq_open,
	.read     = seq_read,
	.llseek   = seq_lseek,
	.release  = seq_release_net
};

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
static struct udp_seq_afinfo udp4_seq_afinfo = {
	.name		= "udp",
	.family		= AF_INET,
	.udp_table	= &udp_table,
	.seq_fops	= &udp_afinfo_seq_fops,
	.seq_ops	= {
		.show		= udp4_seq_show,
	},
};

static int __net_init udp4_proc_init_net(struct net *net)
{
	return udp_proc_register(net, &udp4_seq_afinfo);
}

static void __net_exit udp4_proc_exit_net(struct net *net)
{
	udp_proc_unregister(net, &udp4_seq_afinfo);
}

static struct pernet_operations udp4_net_ops = {
	.init = udp4_proc_init_net,
	.exit = udp4_proc_exit_net,
};

int __init udp4_proc_init(void)
{
	return register_pernet_subsys(&udp4_net_ops);
}

void udp4_proc_exit(void)
{
	unregister_pernet_subsys(&udp4_net_ops);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */

static __initdata unsigned long uhash_entries;
static int __init set_uhash_entries(char *str)
{
	if (!str)
		return 0;
	uhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0);
	if (uhash_entries && uhash_entries < UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN)
		uhash_entries = UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN;
	return 1;
}
__setup("uhash_entries=", set_uhash_entries);

void __init udp_table_init(struct udp_table *table, const char *name)
{
	unsigned int i;

	if (!CONFIG_BASE_SMALL)
		table->hash = alloc_large_system_hash(name,
			2 * sizeof(struct udp_hslot),
			uhash_entries,
			21, /* one slot per 2 MB */
			0,
			&table->log,
			&table->mask,
			64 * 1024);
	/*
	 * Make sure hash table has the minimum size
	 */
	if (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL || table->mask < UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN - 1) {
		table->hash = kmalloc(UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN *
				      2 * sizeof(struct udp_hslot), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!table->hash)
			panic(name);
		table->log = ilog2(UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN);
		table->mask = UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN - 1;
	}
	table->hash2 = table->hash + (table->mask + 1);
	for (i = 0; i <= table->mask; i++) {
		INIT_HLIST_NULLS_HEAD(&table->hash[i].head, i);
		table->hash[i].count = 0;
		spin_lock_init(&table->hash[i].lock);
	}
	for (i = 0; i <= table->mask; i++) {
		INIT_HLIST_NULLS_HEAD(&table->hash2[i].head, i);
		table->hash2[i].count = 0;
		spin_lock_init(&table->hash2[i].lock);
	}
}

void __init udp_init(void)
{
	unsigned long limit;

	udp_table_init(&udp_table, "UDP");
	limit = nr_free_buffer_pages() / 8;
	limit = max(limit, 128UL);
	sysctl_udp_mem[0] = limit / 4 * 3;
	sysctl_udp_mem[1] = limit;
	sysctl_udp_mem[2] = sysctl_udp_mem[0] * 2;

	sysctl_udp_rmem_min = SK_MEM_QUANTUM;
	sysctl_udp_wmem_min = SK_MEM_QUANTUM;
}

int udp4_ufo_send_check(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	const struct iphdr *iph;
	struct udphdr *uh;

	if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(*uh)))
		return -EINVAL;

	iph = ip_hdr(skb);
	uh = udp_hdr(skb);

	uh->check = ~csum_tcpudp_magic(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, skb->len,
				       IPPROTO_UDP, 0);
	skb->csum_start = skb_transport_header(skb) - skb->head;
	skb->csum_offset = offsetof(struct udphdr, check);
	skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
	return 0;
}

struct sk_buff *udp4_ufo_fragment(struct sk_buff *skb,
	netdev_features_t features)
{
	struct sk_buff *segs = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
	unsigned int mss;
	int offset;
	__wsum csum;

	mss = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size;
	if (unlikely(skb->len <= mss))
		goto out;

	if (skb_gso_ok(skb, features | NETIF_F_GSO_ROBUST)) {
		/* Packet is from an untrusted source, reset gso_segs. */
		int type = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type;

		if (unlikely(type & ~(SKB_GSO_UDP | SKB_GSO_DODGY) ||
			     !(type & (SKB_GSO_UDP))))
			goto out;

		skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = DIV_ROUND_UP(skb->len, mss);

		segs = NULL;
		goto out;
	}

	/* Do software UFO. Complete and fill in the UDP checksum as HW cannot
	 * do checksum of UDP packets sent as multiple IP fragments.
	 */
	offset = skb_checksum_start_offset(skb);
	csum = skb_checksum(skb, offset, skb->len - offset, 0);
	offset += skb->csum_offset;
	*(__sum16 *)(skb->data + offset) = csum_fold(csum);
	skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;

	/* Fragment the skb. IP headers of the fragments are updated in
	 * inet_gso_segment()
	 */
	segs = skb_segment(skb, features);
out:
	return segs;
}