Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

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/*
 * Packet matching code.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1999 Paul `Rusty' Russell & Michael J. Neuling
 * Copyright (C) 2000-2005 Netfilter Core Team <coreteam@netfilter.org>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/icmp.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/compat.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>

#include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h>
#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4/ip_tables.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_log.h>
#include "../../netfilter/xt_repldata.h"

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Netfilter Core Team <coreteam@netfilter.org>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("IPv4 packet filter");

/*#define DEBUG_IP_FIREWALL*/
/*#define DEBUG_ALLOW_ALL*/ /* Useful for remote debugging */
/*#define DEBUG_IP_FIREWALL_USER*/

#ifdef DEBUG_IP_FIREWALL
#define dprintf(format, args...) pr_info(format , ## args)
#else
#define dprintf(format, args...)
#endif

#ifdef DEBUG_IP_FIREWALL_USER
#define duprintf(format, args...) pr_info(format , ## args)
#else
#define duprintf(format, args...)
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_DEBUG
#define IP_NF_ASSERT(x)		WARN_ON(!(x))
#else
#define IP_NF_ASSERT(x)
#endif

#if 0
/* All the better to debug you with... */
#define static
#define inline
#endif

void *ipt_alloc_initial_table(const struct xt_table *info)
{
	return xt_alloc_initial_table(ipt, IPT);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ipt_alloc_initial_table);

/* Returns whether matches rule or not. */
/* Performance critical - called for every packet */
static inline bool
ip_packet_match(const struct iphdr *ip,
		const char *indev,
		const char *outdev,
		const struct ipt_ip *ipinfo,
		int isfrag)
{
	unsigned long ret;

#define FWINV(bool, invflg) ((bool) ^ !!(ipinfo->invflags & (invflg)))

	if (FWINV((ip->saddr&ipinfo->smsk.s_addr) != ipinfo->src.s_addr,
		  IPT_INV_SRCIP) ||
	    FWINV((ip->daddr&ipinfo->dmsk.s_addr) != ipinfo->dst.s_addr,
		  IPT_INV_DSTIP)) {
		dprintf("Source or dest mismatch.\n");

		dprintf("SRC: %pI4. Mask: %pI4. Target: %pI4.%s\n",
			&ip->saddr, &ipinfo->smsk.s_addr, &ipinfo->src.s_addr,
			ipinfo->invflags & IPT_INV_SRCIP ? " (INV)" : "");
		dprintf("DST: %pI4 Mask: %pI4 Target: %pI4.%s\n",
			&ip->daddr, &ipinfo->dmsk.s_addr, &ipinfo->dst.s_addr,
			ipinfo->invflags & IPT_INV_DSTIP ? " (INV)" : "");
		return false;
	}

	ret = ifname_compare_aligned(indev, ipinfo->iniface, ipinfo->iniface_mask);

	if (FWINV(ret != 0, IPT_INV_VIA_IN)) {
		dprintf("VIA in mismatch (%s vs %s).%s\n",
			indev, ipinfo->iniface,
			ipinfo->invflags&IPT_INV_VIA_IN ?" (INV)":"");
		return false;
	}

	ret = ifname_compare_aligned(outdev, ipinfo->outiface, ipinfo->outiface_mask);

	if (FWINV(ret != 0, IPT_INV_VIA_OUT)) {
		dprintf("VIA out mismatch (%s vs %s).%s\n",
			outdev, ipinfo->outiface,
			ipinfo->invflags&IPT_INV_VIA_OUT ?" (INV)":"");
		return false;
	}

	/* Check specific protocol */
	if (ipinfo->proto &&
	    FWINV(ip->protocol != ipinfo->proto, IPT_INV_PROTO)) {
		dprintf("Packet protocol %hi does not match %hi.%s\n",
			ip->protocol, ipinfo->proto,
			ipinfo->invflags&IPT_INV_PROTO ? " (INV)":"");
		return false;
	}

	/* If we have a fragment rule but the packet is not a fragment
	 * then we return zero */
	if (FWINV((ipinfo->flags&IPT_F_FRAG) && !isfrag, IPT_INV_FRAG)) {
		dprintf("Fragment rule but not fragment.%s\n",
			ipinfo->invflags & IPT_INV_FRAG ? " (INV)" : "");
		return false;
	}

	return true;
}

static bool
ip_checkentry(const struct ipt_ip *ip)
{
	if (ip->flags & ~IPT_F_MASK) {
		duprintf("Unknown flag bits set: %08X\n",
			 ip->flags & ~IPT_F_MASK);
		return false;
	}
	if (ip->invflags & ~IPT_INV_MASK) {
		duprintf("Unknown invflag bits set: %08X\n",
			 ip->invflags & ~IPT_INV_MASK);
		return false;
	}
	return true;
}

static unsigned int
ipt_error(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *par)
{
	if (net_ratelimit())
		pr_info("error: `%s'\n", (const char *)par->targinfo);

	return NF_DROP;
}

/* Performance critical */
static inline struct ipt_entry *
get_entry(const void *base, unsigned int offset)
{
	return (struct ipt_entry *)(base + offset);
}

/* All zeroes == unconditional rule. */
/* Mildly perf critical (only if packet tracing is on) */
static inline bool unconditional(const struct ipt_ip *ip)
{
	static const struct ipt_ip uncond;

	return memcmp(ip, &uncond, sizeof(uncond)) == 0;
#undef FWINV
}

/* for const-correctness */
static inline const struct xt_entry_target *
ipt_get_target_c(const struct ipt_entry *e)
{
	return ipt_get_target((struct ipt_entry *)e);
}

#if defined(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || \
    defined(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE_MODULE)
static const char *const hooknames[] = {
	[NF_INET_PRE_ROUTING]		= "PREROUTING",
	[NF_INET_LOCAL_IN]		= "INPUT",
	[NF_INET_FORWARD]		= "FORWARD",
	[NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT]		= "OUTPUT",
	[NF_INET_POST_ROUTING]		= "POSTROUTING",
};

enum nf_ip_trace_comments {
	NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RULE,
	NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RETURN,
	NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_POLICY,
};

static const char *const comments[] = {
	[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RULE]	= "rule",
	[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RETURN]	= "return",
	[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_POLICY]	= "policy",
};

static struct nf_loginfo trace_loginfo = {
	.type = NF_LOG_TYPE_LOG,
	.u = {
		.log = {
			.level = 4,
			.logflags = NF_LOG_MASK,
		},
	},
};

/* Mildly perf critical (only if packet tracing is on) */
static inline int
get_chainname_rulenum(const struct ipt_entry *s, const struct ipt_entry *e,
		      const char *hookname, const char **chainname,
		      const char **comment, unsigned int *rulenum)
{
	const struct xt_standard_target *t = (void *)ipt_get_target_c(s);

	if (strcmp(t->target.u.kernel.target->name, XT_ERROR_TARGET) == 0) {
		/* Head of user chain: ERROR target with chainname */
		*chainname = t->target.data;
		(*rulenum) = 0;
	} else if (s == e) {
		(*rulenum)++;

		if (s->target_offset == sizeof(struct ipt_entry) &&
		    strcmp(t->target.u.kernel.target->name,
			   XT_STANDARD_TARGET) == 0 &&
		   t->verdict < 0 &&
		   unconditional(&s->ip)) {
			/* Tail of chains: STANDARD target (return/policy) */
			*comment = *chainname == hookname
				? comments[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_POLICY]
				: comments[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RETURN];
		}
		return 1;
	} else
		(*rulenum)++;

	return 0;
}

static void trace_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb,
			 unsigned int hook,
			 const struct net_device *in,
			 const struct net_device *out,
			 const char *tablename,
			 const struct xt_table_info *private,
			 const struct ipt_entry *e)
{
	const void *table_base;
	const struct ipt_entry *root;
	const char *hookname, *chainname, *comment;
	const struct ipt_entry *iter;
	unsigned int rulenum = 0;

	table_base = private->entries[smp_processor_id()];
	root = get_entry(table_base, private->hook_entry[hook]);

	hookname = chainname = hooknames[hook];
	comment = comments[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RULE];

	xt_entry_foreach(iter, root, private->size - private->hook_entry[hook])
		if (get_chainname_rulenum(iter, e, hookname,
		    &chainname, &comment, &rulenum) != 0)
			break;

	nf_log_packet(AF_INET, hook, skb, in, out, &trace_loginfo,
		      "TRACE: %s:%s:%s:%u ",
		      tablename, chainname, comment, rulenum);
}
#endif

static inline __pure
struct ipt_entry *ipt_next_entry(const struct ipt_entry *entry)
{
	return (void *)entry + entry->next_offset;
}

/* Returns one of the generic firewall policies, like NF_ACCEPT. */
unsigned int
ipt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
	     unsigned int hook,
	     const struct net_device *in,
	     const struct net_device *out,
	     struct xt_table *table)
{
	static const char nulldevname[IFNAMSIZ] __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long))));
	const struct iphdr *ip;
	/* Initializing verdict to NF_DROP keeps gcc happy. */
	unsigned int verdict = NF_DROP;
	const char *indev, *outdev;
	const void *table_base;
	struct ipt_entry *e, **jumpstack;
	unsigned int *stackptr, origptr, cpu;
	const struct xt_table_info *private;
	struct xt_action_param acpar;
	unsigned int addend;

	/* Initialization */
	ip = ip_hdr(skb);
	indev = in ? in->name : nulldevname;
	outdev = out ? out->name : nulldevname;
	/* We handle fragments by dealing with the first fragment as
	 * if it was a normal packet.  All other fragments are treated
	 * normally, except that they will NEVER match rules that ask
	 * things we don't know, ie. tcp syn flag or ports).  If the
	 * rule is also a fragment-specific rule, non-fragments won't
	 * match it. */
	acpar.fragoff = ntohs(ip->frag_off) & IP_OFFSET;
	acpar.thoff   = ip_hdrlen(skb);
	acpar.hotdrop = false;
	acpar.in      = in;
	acpar.out     = out;
	acpar.family  = NFPROTO_IPV4;
	acpar.hooknum = hook;

	IP_NF_ASSERT(table->valid_hooks & (1 << hook));
	local_bh_disable();
	addend = xt_write_recseq_begin();
	private = table->private;
	cpu        = smp_processor_id();
	table_base = private->entries[cpu];
	jumpstack  = (struct ipt_entry **)private->jumpstack[cpu];
	stackptr   = per_cpu_ptr(private->stackptr, cpu);
	origptr    = *stackptr;

	e = get_entry(table_base, private->hook_entry[hook]);

	pr_debug("Entering %s(hook %u); sp at %u (UF %p)\n",
		 table->name, hook, origptr,
		 get_entry(table_base, private->underflow[hook]));

	do {
		const struct xt_entry_target *t;
		const struct xt_entry_match *ematch;

		IP_NF_ASSERT(e);
		if (!ip_packet_match(ip, indev, outdev,
		    &e->ip, acpar.fragoff)) {
 no_match:
			e = ipt_next_entry(e);
			continue;
		}

		xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
			acpar.match     = ematch->u.kernel.match;
			acpar.matchinfo = ematch->data;
			if (!acpar.match->match(skb, &acpar))
				goto no_match;
		}

		ADD_COUNTER(e->counters, skb->len, 1);

		t = ipt_get_target(e);
		IP_NF_ASSERT(t->u.kernel.target);

#if defined(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || \
    defined(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE_MODULE)
		/* The packet is traced: log it */
		if (unlikely(skb->nf_trace))
			trace_packet(skb, hook, in, out,
				     table->name, private, e);
#endif
		/* Standard target? */
		if (!t->u.kernel.target->target) {
			int v;

			v = ((struct xt_standard_target *)t)->verdict;
			if (v < 0) {
				/* Pop from stack? */
				if (v != XT_RETURN) {
					verdict = (unsigned)(-v) - 1;
					break;
				}
				if (*stackptr <= origptr) {
					e = get_entry(table_base,
					    private->underflow[hook]);
					pr_debug("Underflow (this is normal) "
						 "to %p\n", e);
				} else {
					e = jumpstack[--*stackptr];
					pr_debug("Pulled %p out from pos %u\n",
						 e, *stackptr);
					e = ipt_next_entry(e);
				}
				continue;
			}
			if (table_base + v != ipt_next_entry(e) &&
			    !(e->ip.flags & IPT_F_GOTO)) {
				if (*stackptr >= private->stacksize) {
					verdict = NF_DROP;
					break;
				}
				jumpstack[(*stackptr)++] = e;
				pr_debug("Pushed %p into pos %u\n",
					 e, *stackptr - 1);
			}

			e = get_entry(table_base, v);
			continue;
		}

		acpar.target   = t->u.kernel.target;
		acpar.targinfo = t->data;

		verdict = t->u.kernel.target->target(skb, &acpar);
		/* Target might have changed stuff. */
		ip = ip_hdr(skb);
		if (verdict == XT_CONTINUE)
			e = ipt_next_entry(e);
		else
			/* Verdict */
			break;
	} while (!acpar.hotdrop);
	pr_debug("Exiting %s; resetting sp from %u to %u\n",
		 __func__, *stackptr, origptr);
	*stackptr = origptr;
 	xt_write_recseq_end(addend);
 	local_bh_enable();

#ifdef DEBUG_ALLOW_ALL
	return NF_ACCEPT;
#else
	if (acpar.hotdrop)
		return NF_DROP;
	else return verdict;
#endif
}

/* Figures out from what hook each rule can be called: returns 0 if
   there are loops.  Puts hook bitmask in comefrom. */
static int
mark_source_chains(const struct xt_table_info *newinfo,
		   unsigned int valid_hooks, void *entry0)
{
	unsigned int hook;

	/* No recursion; use packet counter to save back ptrs (reset
	   to 0 as we leave), and comefrom to save source hook bitmask */
	for (hook = 0; hook < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; hook++) {
		unsigned int pos = newinfo->hook_entry[hook];
		struct ipt_entry *e = (struct ipt_entry *)(entry0 + pos);

		if (!(valid_hooks & (1 << hook)))
			continue;

		/* Set initial back pointer. */
		e->counters.pcnt = pos;

		for (;;) {
			const struct xt_standard_target *t
				= (void *)ipt_get_target_c(e);
			int visited = e->comefrom & (1 << hook);

			if (e->comefrom & (1 << NF_INET_NUMHOOKS)) {
				pr_err("iptables: loop hook %u pos %u %08X.\n",
				       hook, pos, e->comefrom);
				return 0;
			}
			e->comefrom |= ((1 << hook) | (1 << NF_INET_NUMHOOKS));

			/* Unconditional return/END. */
			if ((e->target_offset == sizeof(struct ipt_entry) &&
			     (strcmp(t->target.u.user.name,
				     XT_STANDARD_TARGET) == 0) &&
			     t->verdict < 0 && unconditional(&e->ip)) ||
			    visited) {
				unsigned int oldpos, size;

				if ((strcmp(t->target.u.user.name,
			    		    XT_STANDARD_TARGET) == 0) &&
				    t->verdict < -NF_MAX_VERDICT - 1) {
					duprintf("mark_source_chains: bad "
						"negative verdict (%i)\n",
								t->verdict);
					return 0;
				}

				/* Return: backtrack through the last
				   big jump. */
				do {
					e->comefrom ^= (1<<NF_INET_NUMHOOKS);
#ifdef DEBUG_IP_FIREWALL_USER
					if (e->comefrom
					    & (1 << NF_INET_NUMHOOKS)) {
						duprintf("Back unset "
							 "on hook %u "
							 "rule %u\n",
							 hook, pos);
					}
#endif
					oldpos = pos;
					pos = e->counters.pcnt;
					e->counters.pcnt = 0;

					/* We're at the start. */
					if (pos == oldpos)
						goto next;

					e = (struct ipt_entry *)
						(entry0 + pos);
				} while (oldpos == pos + e->next_offset);

				/* Move along one */
				size = e->next_offset;
				e = (struct ipt_entry *)
					(entry0 + pos + size);
				e->counters.pcnt = pos;
				pos += size;
			} else {
				int newpos = t->verdict;

				if (strcmp(t->target.u.user.name,
					   XT_STANDARD_TARGET) == 0 &&
				    newpos >= 0) {
					if (newpos > newinfo->size -
						sizeof(struct ipt_entry)) {
						duprintf("mark_source_chains: "
							"bad verdict (%i)\n",
								newpos);
						return 0;
					}
					/* This a jump; chase it. */
					duprintf("Jump rule %u -> %u\n",
						 pos, newpos);
				} else {
					/* ... this is a fallthru */
					newpos = pos + e->next_offset;
				}
				e = (struct ipt_entry *)
					(entry0 + newpos);
				e->counters.pcnt = pos;
				pos = newpos;
			}
		}
		next:
		duprintf("Finished chain %u\n", hook);
	}
	return 1;
}

static void cleanup_match(struct xt_entry_match *m, struct net *net)
{
	struct xt_mtdtor_param par;

	par.net       = net;
	par.match     = m->u.kernel.match;
	par.matchinfo = m->data;
	par.family    = NFPROTO_IPV4;
	if (par.match->destroy != NULL)
		par.match->destroy(&par);
	module_put(par.match->me);
}

static int
check_entry(const struct ipt_entry *e, const char *name)
{
	const struct xt_entry_target *t;

	if (!ip_checkentry(&e->ip)) {
		duprintf("ip check failed %p %s.\n", e, name);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (e->target_offset + sizeof(struct xt_entry_target) >
	    e->next_offset)
		return -EINVAL;

	t = ipt_get_target_c(e);
	if (e->target_offset + t->u.target_size > e->next_offset)
		return -EINVAL;

	return 0;
}

static int
check_match(struct xt_entry_match *m, struct xt_mtchk_param *par)
{
	const struct ipt_ip *ip = par->entryinfo;
	int ret;

	par->match     = m->u.kernel.match;
	par->matchinfo = m->data;

	ret = xt_check_match(par, m->u.match_size - sizeof(*m),
	      ip->proto, ip->invflags & IPT_INV_PROTO);
	if (ret < 0) {
		duprintf("check failed for `%s'.\n", par->match->name);
		return ret;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int
find_check_match(struct xt_entry_match *m, struct xt_mtchk_param *par)
{
	struct xt_match *match;
	int ret;

	match = xt_request_find_match(NFPROTO_IPV4, m->u.user.name,
				      m->u.user.revision);
	if (IS_ERR(match)) {
		duprintf("find_check_match: `%s' not found\n", m->u.user.name);
		return PTR_ERR(match);
	}
	m->u.kernel.match = match;

	ret = check_match(m, par);
	if (ret)
		goto err;

	return 0;
err:
	module_put(m->u.kernel.match->me);
	return ret;
}

static int check_target(struct ipt_entry *e, struct net *net, const char *name)
{
	struct xt_entry_target *t = ipt_get_target(e);
	struct xt_tgchk_param par = {
		.net       = net,
		.table     = name,
		.entryinfo = e,
		.target    = t->u.kernel.target,
		.targinfo  = t->data,
		.hook_mask = e->comefrom,
		.family    = NFPROTO_IPV4,
	};
	int ret;

	ret = xt_check_target(&par, t->u.target_size - sizeof(*t),
	      e->ip.proto, e->ip.invflags & IPT_INV_PROTO);
	if (ret < 0) {
		duprintf("check failed for `%s'.\n",
			 t->u.kernel.target->name);
		return ret;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int
find_check_entry(struct ipt_entry *e, struct net *net, const char *name,
		 unsigned int size)
{
	struct xt_entry_target *t;
	struct xt_target *target;
	int ret;
	unsigned int j;
	struct xt_mtchk_param mtpar;
	struct xt_entry_match *ematch;

	ret = check_entry(e, name);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	j = 0;
	mtpar.net	= net;
	mtpar.table     = name;
	mtpar.entryinfo = &e->ip;
	mtpar.hook_mask = e->comefrom;
	mtpar.family    = NFPROTO_IPV4;
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		ret = find_check_match(ematch, &mtpar);
		if (ret != 0)
			goto cleanup_matches;
		++j;
	}

	t = ipt_get_target(e);
	target = xt_request_find_target(NFPROTO_IPV4, t->u.user.name,
					t->u.user.revision);
	if (IS_ERR(target)) {
		duprintf("find_check_entry: `%s' not found\n", t->u.user.name);
		ret = PTR_ERR(target);
		goto cleanup_matches;
	}
	t->u.kernel.target = target;

	ret = check_target(e, net, name);
	if (ret)
		goto err;
	return 0;
 err:
	module_put(t->u.kernel.target->me);
 cleanup_matches:
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		if (j-- == 0)
			break;
		cleanup_match(ematch, net);
	}
	return ret;
}

static bool check_underflow(const struct ipt_entry *e)
{
	const struct xt_entry_target *t;
	unsigned int verdict;

	if (!unconditional(&e->ip))
		return false;
	t = ipt_get_target_c(e);
	if (strcmp(t->u.user.name, XT_STANDARD_TARGET) != 0)
		return false;
	verdict = ((struct xt_standard_target *)t)->verdict;
	verdict = -verdict - 1;
	return verdict == NF_DROP || verdict == NF_ACCEPT;
}

static int
check_entry_size_and_hooks(struct ipt_entry *e,
			   struct xt_table_info *newinfo,
			   const unsigned char *base,
			   const unsigned char *limit,
			   const unsigned int *hook_entries,
			   const unsigned int *underflows,
			   unsigned int valid_hooks)
{
	unsigned int h;

	if ((unsigned long)e % __alignof__(struct ipt_entry) != 0 ||
	    (unsigned char *)e + sizeof(struct ipt_entry) >= limit) {
		duprintf("Bad offset %p\n", e);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (e->next_offset
	    < sizeof(struct ipt_entry) + sizeof(struct xt_entry_target)) {
		duprintf("checking: element %p size %u\n",
			 e, e->next_offset);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Check hooks & underflows */
	for (h = 0; h < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; h++) {
		if (!(valid_hooks & (1 << h)))
			continue;
		if ((unsigned char *)e - base == hook_entries[h])
			newinfo->hook_entry[h] = hook_entries[h];
		if ((unsigned char *)e - base == underflows[h]) {
			if (!check_underflow(e)) {
				pr_err("Underflows must be unconditional and "
				       "use the STANDARD target with "
				       "ACCEPT/DROP\n");
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			newinfo->underflow[h] = underflows[h];
		}
	}

	/* Clear counters and comefrom */
	e->counters = ((struct xt_counters) { 0, 0 });
	e->comefrom = 0;
	return 0;
}

static void
cleanup_entry(struct ipt_entry *e, struct net *net)
{
	struct xt_tgdtor_param par;
	struct xt_entry_target *t;
	struct xt_entry_match *ematch;

	/* Cleanup all matches */
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e)
		cleanup_match(ematch, net);
	t = ipt_get_target(e);

	par.net      = net;
	par.target   = t->u.kernel.target;
	par.targinfo = t->data;
	par.family   = NFPROTO_IPV4;
	if (par.target->destroy != NULL)
		par.target->destroy(&par);
	module_put(par.target->me);
}

/* Checks and translates the user-supplied table segment (held in
   newinfo) */
static int
translate_table(struct net *net, struct xt_table_info *newinfo, void *entry0,
                const struct ipt_replace *repl)
{
	struct ipt_entry *iter;
	unsigned int i;
	int ret = 0;

	newinfo->size = repl->size;
	newinfo->number = repl->num_entries;

	/* Init all hooks to impossible value. */
	for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) {
		newinfo->hook_entry[i] = 0xFFFFFFFF;
		newinfo->underflow[i] = 0xFFFFFFFF;
	}

	duprintf("translate_table: size %u\n", newinfo->size);
	i = 0;
	/* Walk through entries, checking offsets. */
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, entry0, newinfo->size) {
		ret = check_entry_size_and_hooks(iter, newinfo, entry0,
						 entry0 + repl->size,
						 repl->hook_entry,
						 repl->underflow,
						 repl->valid_hooks);
		if (ret != 0)
			return ret;
		++i;
		if (strcmp(ipt_get_target(iter)->u.user.name,
		    XT_ERROR_TARGET) == 0)
			++newinfo->stacksize;
	}

	if (i != repl->num_entries) {
		duprintf("translate_table: %u not %u entries\n",
			 i, repl->num_entries);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Check hooks all assigned */
	for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) {
		/* Only hooks which are valid */
		if (!(repl->valid_hooks & (1 << i)))
			continue;
		if (newinfo->hook_entry[i] == 0xFFFFFFFF) {
			duprintf("Invalid hook entry %u %u\n",
				 i, repl->hook_entry[i]);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		if (newinfo->underflow[i] == 0xFFFFFFFF) {
			duprintf("Invalid underflow %u %u\n",
				 i, repl->underflow[i]);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	}

	if (!mark_source_chains(newinfo, repl->valid_hooks, entry0))
		return -ELOOP;

	/* Finally, each sanity check must pass */
	i = 0;
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, entry0, newinfo->size) {
		ret = find_check_entry(iter, net, repl->name, repl->size);
		if (ret != 0)
			break;
		++i;
	}

	if (ret != 0) {
		xt_entry_foreach(iter, entry0, newinfo->size) {
			if (i-- == 0)
				break;
			cleanup_entry(iter, net);
		}
		return ret;
	}

	/* And one copy for every other CPU */
	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
		if (newinfo->entries[i] && newinfo->entries[i] != entry0)
			memcpy(newinfo->entries[i], entry0, newinfo->size);
	}

	return ret;
}

static void
get_counters(const struct xt_table_info *t,
	     struct xt_counters counters[])
{
	struct ipt_entry *iter;
	unsigned int cpu;
	unsigned int i;

	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
		seqcount_t *s = &per_cpu(xt_recseq, cpu);

		i = 0;
		xt_entry_foreach(iter, t->entries[cpu], t->size) {
			u64 bcnt, pcnt;
			unsigned int start;

			do {
				start = read_seqcount_begin(s);
				bcnt = iter->counters.bcnt;
				pcnt = iter->counters.pcnt;
			} while (read_seqcount_retry(s, start));

			ADD_COUNTER(counters[i], bcnt, pcnt);
			++i; /* macro does multi eval of i */
		}
	}
}

static struct xt_counters *alloc_counters(const struct xt_table *table)
{
	unsigned int countersize;
	struct xt_counters *counters;
	const struct xt_table_info *private = table->private;

	/* We need atomic snapshot of counters: rest doesn't change
	   (other than comefrom, which userspace doesn't care
	   about). */
	countersize = sizeof(struct xt_counters) * private->number;
	counters = vzalloc(countersize);

	if (counters == NULL)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	get_counters(private, counters);

	return counters;
}

static int
copy_entries_to_user(unsigned int total_size,
		     const struct xt_table *table,
		     void __user *userptr)
{
	unsigned int off, num;
	const struct ipt_entry *e;
	struct xt_counters *counters;
	const struct xt_table_info *private = table->private;
	int ret = 0;
	const void *loc_cpu_entry;

	counters = alloc_counters(table);
	if (IS_ERR(counters))
		return PTR_ERR(counters);

	/* choose the copy that is on our node/cpu, ...
	 * This choice is lazy (because current thread is
	 * allowed to migrate to another cpu)
	 */
	loc_cpu_entry = private->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	if (copy_to_user(userptr, loc_cpu_entry, total_size) != 0) {
		ret = -EFAULT;
		goto free_counters;
	}

	/* FIXME: use iterator macros --RR */
	/* ... then go back and fix counters and names */
	for (off = 0, num = 0; off < total_size; off += e->next_offset, num++){
		unsigned int i;
		const struct xt_entry_match *m;
		const struct xt_entry_target *t;

		e = (struct ipt_entry *)(loc_cpu_entry + off);
		if (copy_to_user(userptr + off
				 + offsetof(struct ipt_entry, counters),
				 &counters[num],
				 sizeof(counters[num])) != 0) {
			ret = -EFAULT;
			goto free_counters;
		}

		for (i = sizeof(struct ipt_entry);
		     i < e->target_offset;
		     i += m->u.match_size) {
			m = (void *)e + i;

			if (copy_to_user(userptr + off + i
					 + offsetof(struct xt_entry_match,
						    u.user.name),
					 m->u.kernel.match->name,
					 strlen(m->u.kernel.match->name)+1)
			    != 0) {
				ret = -EFAULT;
				goto free_counters;
			}
		}

		t = ipt_get_target_c(e);
		if (copy_to_user(userptr + off + e->target_offset
				 + offsetof(struct xt_entry_target,
					    u.user.name),
				 t->u.kernel.target->name,
				 strlen(t->u.kernel.target->name)+1) != 0) {
			ret = -EFAULT;
			goto free_counters;
		}
	}

 free_counters:
	vfree(counters);
	return ret;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static void compat_standard_from_user(void *dst, const void *src)
{
	int v = *(compat_int_t *)src;

	if (v > 0)
		v += xt_compat_calc_jump(AF_INET, v);
	memcpy(dst, &v, sizeof(v));
}

static int compat_standard_to_user(void __user *dst, const void *src)
{
	compat_int_t cv = *(int *)src;

	if (cv > 0)
		cv -= xt_compat_calc_jump(AF_INET, cv);
	return copy_to_user(dst, &cv, sizeof(cv)) ? -EFAULT : 0;
}

static int compat_calc_entry(const struct ipt_entry *e,
			     const struct xt_table_info *info,
			     const void *base, struct xt_table_info *newinfo)
{
	const struct xt_entry_match *ematch;
	const struct xt_entry_target *t;
	unsigned int entry_offset;
	int off, i, ret;

	off = sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry);
	entry_offset = (void *)e - base;
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e)
		off += xt_compat_match_offset(ematch->u.kernel.match);
	t = ipt_get_target_c(e);
	off += xt_compat_target_offset(t->u.kernel.target);
	newinfo->size -= off;
	ret = xt_compat_add_offset(AF_INET, entry_offset, off);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) {
		if (info->hook_entry[i] &&
		    (e < (struct ipt_entry *)(base + info->hook_entry[i])))
			newinfo->hook_entry[i] -= off;
		if (info->underflow[i] &&
		    (e < (struct ipt_entry *)(base + info->underflow[i])))
			newinfo->underflow[i] -= off;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int compat_table_info(const struct xt_table_info *info,
			     struct xt_table_info *newinfo)
{
	struct ipt_entry *iter;
	void *loc_cpu_entry;
	int ret;

	if (!newinfo || !info)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* we dont care about newinfo->entries[] */
	memcpy(newinfo, info, offsetof(struct xt_table_info, entries));
	newinfo->initial_entries = 0;
	loc_cpu_entry = info->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	xt_compat_init_offsets(AF_INET, info->number);
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, info->size) {
		ret = compat_calc_entry(iter, info, loc_cpu_entry, newinfo);
		if (ret != 0)
			return ret;
	}
	return 0;
}
#endif

static int get_info(struct net *net, void __user *user,
                    const int *len, int compat)
{
	char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN];
	struct xt_table *t;
	int ret;

	if (*len != sizeof(struct ipt_getinfo)) {
		duprintf("length %u != %zu\n", *len,
			 sizeof(struct ipt_getinfo));
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (copy_from_user(name, user, sizeof(name)) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;

	name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN-1] = '\0';
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	if (compat)
		xt_compat_lock(AF_INET);
#endif
	t = try_then_request_module(xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, name),
				    "iptable_%s", name);
	if (t && !IS_ERR(t)) {
		struct ipt_getinfo info;
		const struct xt_table_info *private = t->private;
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
		struct xt_table_info tmp;

		if (compat) {
			ret = compat_table_info(private, &tmp);
			xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET);
			private = &tmp;
		}
#endif
		memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
		info.valid_hooks = t->valid_hooks;
		memcpy(info.hook_entry, private->hook_entry,
		       sizeof(info.hook_entry));
		memcpy(info.underflow, private->underflow,
		       sizeof(info.underflow));
		info.num_entries = private->number;
		info.size = private->size;
		strcpy(info.name, name);

		if (copy_to_user(user, &info, *len) != 0)
			ret = -EFAULT;
		else
			ret = 0;

		xt_table_unlock(t);
		module_put(t->me);
	} else
		ret = t ? PTR_ERR(t) : -ENOENT;
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	if (compat)
		xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET);
#endif
	return ret;
}

static int
get_entries(struct net *net, struct ipt_get_entries __user *uptr,
	    const int *len)
{
	int ret;
	struct ipt_get_entries get;
	struct xt_table *t;

	if (*len < sizeof(get)) {
		duprintf("get_entries: %u < %zu\n", *len, sizeof(get));
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (copy_from_user(&get, uptr, sizeof(get)) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;
	if (*len != sizeof(struct ipt_get_entries) + get.size) {
		duprintf("get_entries: %u != %zu\n",
			 *len, sizeof(get) + get.size);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	t = xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, get.name);
	if (t && !IS_ERR(t)) {
		const struct xt_table_info *private = t->private;
		duprintf("t->private->number = %u\n", private->number);
		if (get.size == private->size)
			ret = copy_entries_to_user(private->size,
						   t, uptr->entrytable);
		else {
			duprintf("get_entries: I've got %u not %u!\n",
				 private->size, get.size);
			ret = -EAGAIN;
		}
		module_put(t->me);
		xt_table_unlock(t);
	} else
		ret = t ? PTR_ERR(t) : -ENOENT;

	return ret;
}

static int
__do_replace(struct net *net, const char *name, unsigned int valid_hooks,
	     struct xt_table_info *newinfo, unsigned int num_counters,
	     void __user *counters_ptr)
{
	int ret;
	struct xt_table *t;
	struct xt_table_info *oldinfo;
	struct xt_counters *counters;
	void *loc_cpu_old_entry;
	struct ipt_entry *iter;

	ret = 0;
	counters = vzalloc(num_counters * sizeof(struct xt_counters));
	if (!counters) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	t = try_then_request_module(xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, name),
				    "iptable_%s", name);
	if (!t || IS_ERR(t)) {
		ret = t ? PTR_ERR(t) : -ENOENT;
		goto free_newinfo_counters_untrans;
	}

	/* You lied! */
	if (valid_hooks != t->valid_hooks) {
		duprintf("Valid hook crap: %08X vs %08X\n",
			 valid_hooks, t->valid_hooks);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto put_module;
	}

	oldinfo = xt_replace_table(t, num_counters, newinfo, &ret);
	if (!oldinfo)
		goto put_module;

	/* Update module usage count based on number of rules */
	duprintf("do_replace: oldnum=%u, initnum=%u, newnum=%u\n",
		oldinfo->number, oldinfo->initial_entries, newinfo->number);
	if ((oldinfo->number > oldinfo->initial_entries) ||
	    (newinfo->number <= oldinfo->initial_entries))
		module_put(t->me);
	if ((oldinfo->number > oldinfo->initial_entries) &&
	    (newinfo->number <= oldinfo->initial_entries))
		module_put(t->me);

	/* Get the old counters, and synchronize with replace */
	get_counters(oldinfo, counters);

	/* Decrease module usage counts and free resource */
	loc_cpu_old_entry = oldinfo->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_old_entry, oldinfo->size)
		cleanup_entry(iter, net);

	xt_free_table_info(oldinfo);
	if (copy_to_user(counters_ptr, counters,
			 sizeof(struct xt_counters) * num_counters) != 0)
		ret = -EFAULT;
	vfree(counters);
	xt_table_unlock(t);
	return ret;

 put_module:
	module_put(t->me);
	xt_table_unlock(t);
 free_newinfo_counters_untrans:
	vfree(counters);
 out:
	return ret;
}

static int
do_replace(struct net *net, const void __user *user, unsigned int len)
{
	int ret;
	struct ipt_replace tmp;
	struct xt_table_info *newinfo;
	void *loc_cpu_entry;
	struct ipt_entry *iter;

	if (copy_from_user(&tmp, user, sizeof(tmp)) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;

	/* overflow check */
	if (tmp.num_counters >= INT_MAX / sizeof(struct xt_counters))
		return -ENOMEM;
	tmp.name[sizeof(tmp.name)-1] = 0;

	newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(tmp.size);
	if (!newinfo)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* choose the copy that is on our node/cpu */
	loc_cpu_entry = newinfo->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	if (copy_from_user(loc_cpu_entry, user + sizeof(tmp),
			   tmp.size) != 0) {
		ret = -EFAULT;
		goto free_newinfo;
	}

	ret = translate_table(net, newinfo, loc_cpu_entry, &tmp);
	if (ret != 0)
		goto free_newinfo;

	duprintf("Translated table\n");

	ret = __do_replace(net, tmp.name, tmp.valid_hooks, newinfo,
			   tmp.num_counters, tmp.counters);
	if (ret)
		goto free_newinfo_untrans;
	return 0;

 free_newinfo_untrans:
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, newinfo->size)
		cleanup_entry(iter, net);
 free_newinfo:
	xt_free_table_info(newinfo);
	return ret;
}

static int
do_add_counters(struct net *net, const void __user *user,
                unsigned int len, int compat)
{
	unsigned int i, curcpu;
	struct xt_counters_info tmp;
	struct xt_counters *paddc;
	unsigned int num_counters;
	const char *name;
	int size;
	void *ptmp;
	struct xt_table *t;
	const struct xt_table_info *private;
	int ret = 0;
	void *loc_cpu_entry;
	struct ipt_entry *iter;
	unsigned int addend;
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	struct compat_xt_counters_info compat_tmp;

	if (compat) {
		ptmp = &compat_tmp;
		size = sizeof(struct compat_xt_counters_info);
	} else
#endif
	{
		ptmp = &tmp;
		size = sizeof(struct xt_counters_info);
	}

	if (copy_from_user(ptmp, user, size) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	if (compat) {
		num_counters = compat_tmp.num_counters;
		name = compat_tmp.name;
	} else
#endif
	{
		num_counters = tmp.num_counters;
		name = tmp.name;
	}

	if (len != size + num_counters * sizeof(struct xt_counters))
		return -EINVAL;

	paddc = vmalloc(len - size);
	if (!paddc)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (copy_from_user(paddc, user + size, len - size) != 0) {
		ret = -EFAULT;
		goto free;
	}

	t = xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, name);
	if (!t || IS_ERR(t)) {
		ret = t ? PTR_ERR(t) : -ENOENT;
		goto free;
	}

	local_bh_disable();
	private = t->private;
	if (private->number != num_counters) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto unlock_up_free;
	}

	i = 0;
	/* Choose the copy that is on our node */
	curcpu = smp_processor_id();
	loc_cpu_entry = private->entries[curcpu];
	addend = xt_write_recseq_begin();
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, private->size) {
		ADD_COUNTER(iter->counters, paddc[i].bcnt, paddc[i].pcnt);
		++i;
	}
	xt_write_recseq_end(addend);
 unlock_up_free:
	local_bh_enable();
	xt_table_unlock(t);
	module_put(t->me);
 free:
	vfree(paddc);

	return ret;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
struct compat_ipt_replace {
	char			name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN];
	u32			valid_hooks;
	u32			num_entries;
	u32			size;
	u32			hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS];
	u32			underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS];
	u32			num_counters;
	compat_uptr_t		counters;	/* struct xt_counters * */
	struct compat_ipt_entry	entries[0];
};

static int
compat_copy_entry_to_user(struct ipt_entry *e, void __user **dstptr,
			  unsigned int *size, struct xt_counters *counters,
			  unsigned int i)
{
	struct xt_entry_target *t;
	struct compat_ipt_entry __user *ce;
	u_int16_t target_offset, next_offset;
	compat_uint_t origsize;
	const struct xt_entry_match *ematch;
	int ret = 0;

	origsize = *size;
	ce = (struct compat_ipt_entry __user *)*dstptr;
	if (copy_to_user(ce, e, sizeof(struct ipt_entry)) != 0 ||
	    copy_to_user(&ce->counters, &counters[i],
	    sizeof(counters[i])) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;

	*dstptr += sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry);
	*size -= sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry);

	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		ret = xt_compat_match_to_user(ematch, dstptr, size);
		if (ret != 0)
			return ret;
	}
	target_offset = e->target_offset - (origsize - *size);
	t = ipt_get_target(e);
	ret = xt_compat_target_to_user(t, dstptr, size);
	if (ret)
		return ret;
	next_offset = e->next_offset - (origsize - *size);
	if (put_user(target_offset, &ce->target_offset) != 0 ||
	    put_user(next_offset, &ce->next_offset) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;
	return 0;
}

static int
compat_find_calc_match(struct xt_entry_match *m,
		       const char *name,
		       const struct ipt_ip *ip,
		       unsigned int hookmask,
		       int *size)
{
	struct xt_match *match;

	match = xt_request_find_match(NFPROTO_IPV4, m->u.user.name,
				      m->u.user.revision);
	if (IS_ERR(match)) {
		duprintf("compat_check_calc_match: `%s' not found\n",
			 m->u.user.name);
		return PTR_ERR(match);
	}
	m->u.kernel.match = match;
	*size += xt_compat_match_offset(match);
	return 0;
}

static void compat_release_entry(struct compat_ipt_entry *e)
{
	struct xt_entry_target *t;
	struct xt_entry_match *ematch;

	/* Cleanup all matches */
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e)
		module_put(ematch->u.kernel.match->me);
	t = compat_ipt_get_target(e);
	module_put(t->u.kernel.target->me);
}

static int
check_compat_entry_size_and_hooks(struct compat_ipt_entry *e,
				  struct xt_table_info *newinfo,
				  unsigned int *size,
				  const unsigned char *base,
				  const unsigned char *limit,
				  const unsigned int *hook_entries,
				  const unsigned int *underflows,
				  const char *name)
{
	struct xt_entry_match *ematch;
	struct xt_entry_target *t;
	struct xt_target *target;
	unsigned int entry_offset;
	unsigned int j;
	int ret, off, h;

	duprintf("check_compat_entry_size_and_hooks %p\n", e);
	if ((unsigned long)e % __alignof__(struct compat_ipt_entry) != 0 ||
	    (unsigned char *)e + sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry) >= limit) {
		duprintf("Bad offset %p, limit = %p\n", e, limit);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (e->next_offset < sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry) +
			     sizeof(struct compat_xt_entry_target)) {
		duprintf("checking: element %p size %u\n",
			 e, e->next_offset);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* For purposes of check_entry casting the compat entry is fine */
	ret = check_entry((struct ipt_entry *)e, name);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	off = sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry);
	entry_offset = (void *)e - (void *)base;
	j = 0;
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		ret = compat_find_calc_match(ematch, name,
					     &e->ip, e->comefrom, &off);
		if (ret != 0)
			goto release_matches;
		++j;
	}

	t = compat_ipt_get_target(e);
	target = xt_request_find_target(NFPROTO_IPV4, t->u.user.name,
					t->u.user.revision);
	if (IS_ERR(target)) {
		duprintf("check_compat_entry_size_and_hooks: `%s' not found\n",
			 t->u.user.name);
		ret = PTR_ERR(target);
		goto release_matches;
	}
	t->u.kernel.target = target;

	off += xt_compat_target_offset(target);
	*size += off;
	ret = xt_compat_add_offset(AF_INET, entry_offset, off);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	/* Check hooks & underflows */
	for (h = 0; h < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; h++) {
		if ((unsigned char *)e - base == hook_entries[h])
			newinfo->hook_entry[h] = hook_entries[h];
		if ((unsigned char *)e - base == underflows[h])
			newinfo->underflow[h] = underflows[h];
	}

	/* Clear counters and comefrom */
	memset(&e->counters, 0, sizeof(e->counters));
	e->comefrom = 0;
	return 0;

out:
	module_put(t->u.kernel.target->me);
release_matches:
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		if (j-- == 0)
			break;
		module_put(ematch->u.kernel.match->me);
	}
	return ret;
}

static int
compat_copy_entry_from_user(struct compat_ipt_entry *e, void **dstptr,
			    unsigned int *size, const char *name,
			    struct xt_table_info *newinfo, unsigned char *base)
{
	struct xt_entry_target *t;
	struct xt_target *target;
	struct ipt_entry *de;
	unsigned int origsize;
	int ret, h;
	struct xt_entry_match *ematch;

	ret = 0;
	origsize = *size;
	de = (struct ipt_entry *)*dstptr;
	memcpy(de, e, sizeof(struct ipt_entry));
	memcpy(&de->counters, &e->counters, sizeof(e->counters));

	*dstptr += sizeof(struct ipt_entry);
	*size += sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry);

	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		ret = xt_compat_match_from_user(ematch, dstptr, size);
		if (ret != 0)
			return ret;
	}
	de->target_offset = e->target_offset - (origsize - *size);
	t = compat_ipt_get_target(e);
	target = t->u.kernel.target;
	xt_compat_target_from_user(t, dstptr, size);

	de->next_offset = e->next_offset - (origsize - *size);
	for (h = 0; h < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; h++) {
		if ((unsigned char *)de - base < newinfo->hook_entry[h])
			newinfo->hook_entry[h] -= origsize - *size;
		if ((unsigned char *)de - base < newinfo->underflow[h])
			newinfo->underflow[h] -= origsize - *size;
	}
	return ret;
}

static int
compat_check_entry(struct ipt_entry *e, struct net *net, const char *name)
{
	struct xt_entry_match *ematch;
	struct xt_mtchk_param mtpar;
	unsigned int j;
	int ret = 0;

	j = 0;
	mtpar.net	= net;
	mtpar.table     = name;
	mtpar.entryinfo = &e->ip;
	mtpar.hook_mask = e->comefrom;
	mtpar.family    = NFPROTO_IPV4;
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		ret = check_match(ematch, &mtpar);
		if (ret != 0)
			goto cleanup_matches;
		++j;
	}

	ret = check_target(e, net, name);
	if (ret)
		goto cleanup_matches;
	return 0;

 cleanup_matches:
	xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) {
		if (j-- == 0)
			break;
		cleanup_match(ematch, net);
	}
	return ret;
}

static int
translate_compat_table(struct net *net,
		       const char *name,
		       unsigned int valid_hooks,
		       struct xt_table_info **pinfo,
		       void **pentry0,
		       unsigned int total_size,
		       unsigned int number,
		       unsigned int *hook_entries,
		       unsigned int *underflows)
{
	unsigned int i, j;
	struct xt_table_info *newinfo, *info;
	void *pos, *entry0, *entry1;
	struct compat_ipt_entry *iter0;
	struct ipt_entry *iter1;
	unsigned int size;
	int ret;

	info = *pinfo;
	entry0 = *pentry0;
	size = total_size;
	info->number = number;

	/* Init all hooks to impossible value. */
	for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) {
		info->hook_entry[i] = 0xFFFFFFFF;
		info->underflow[i] = 0xFFFFFFFF;
	}

	duprintf("translate_compat_table: size %u\n", info->size);
	j = 0;
	xt_compat_lock(AF_INET);
	xt_compat_init_offsets(AF_INET, number);
	/* Walk through entries, checking offsets. */
	xt_entry_foreach(iter0, entry0, total_size) {
		ret = check_compat_entry_size_and_hooks(iter0, info, &size,
							entry0,
							entry0 + total_size,
							hook_entries,
							underflows,
							name);
		if (ret != 0)
			goto out_unlock;
		++j;
	}

	ret = -EINVAL;
	if (j != number) {
		duprintf("translate_compat_table: %u not %u entries\n",
			 j, number);
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	/* Check hooks all assigned */
	for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) {
		/* Only hooks which are valid */
		if (!(valid_hooks & (1 << i)))
			continue;
		if (info->hook_entry[i] == 0xFFFFFFFF) {
			duprintf("Invalid hook entry %u %u\n",
				 i, hook_entries[i]);
			goto out_unlock;
		}
		if (info->underflow[i] == 0xFFFFFFFF) {
			duprintf("Invalid underflow %u %u\n",
				 i, underflows[i]);
			goto out_unlock;
		}
	}

	ret = -ENOMEM;
	newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(size);
	if (!newinfo)
		goto out_unlock;

	newinfo->number = number;
	for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) {
		newinfo->hook_entry[i] = info->hook_entry[i];
		newinfo->underflow[i] = info->underflow[i];
	}
	entry1 = newinfo->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	pos = entry1;
	size = total_size;
	xt_entry_foreach(iter0, entry0, total_size) {
		ret = compat_copy_entry_from_user(iter0, &pos, &size,
						  name, newinfo, entry1);
		if (ret != 0)
			break;
	}
	xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET);
	xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET);
	if (ret)
		goto free_newinfo;

	ret = -ELOOP;
	if (!mark_source_chains(newinfo, valid_hooks, entry1))
		goto free_newinfo;

	i = 0;
	xt_entry_foreach(iter1, entry1, newinfo->size) {
		ret = compat_check_entry(iter1, net, name);
		if (ret != 0)
			break;
		++i;
		if (strcmp(ipt_get_target(iter1)->u.user.name,
		    XT_ERROR_TARGET) == 0)
			++newinfo->stacksize;
	}
	if (ret) {
		/*
		 * The first i matches need cleanup_entry (calls ->destroy)
		 * because they had called ->check already. The other j-i
		 * entries need only release.
		 */
		int skip = i;
		j -= i;
		xt_entry_foreach(iter0, entry0, newinfo->size) {
			if (skip-- > 0)
				continue;
			if (j-- == 0)
				break;
			compat_release_entry(iter0);
		}
		xt_entry_foreach(iter1, entry1, newinfo->size) {
			if (i-- == 0)
				break;
			cleanup_entry(iter1, net);
		}
		xt_free_table_info(newinfo);
		return ret;
	}

	/* And one copy for every other CPU */
	for_each_possible_cpu(i)
		if (newinfo->entries[i] && newinfo->entries[i] != entry1)
			memcpy(newinfo->entries[i], entry1, newinfo->size);

	*pinfo = newinfo;
	*pentry0 = entry1;
	xt_free_table_info(info);
	return 0;

free_newinfo:
	xt_free_table_info(newinfo);
out:
	xt_entry_foreach(iter0, entry0, total_size) {
		if (j-- == 0)
			break;
		compat_release_entry(iter0);
	}
	return ret;
out_unlock:
	xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET);
	xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET);
	goto out;
}

static int
compat_do_replace(struct net *net, void __user *user, unsigned int len)
{
	int ret;
	struct compat_ipt_replace tmp;
	struct xt_table_info *newinfo;
	void *loc_cpu_entry;
	struct ipt_entry *iter;

	if (copy_from_user(&tmp, user, sizeof(tmp)) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;

	/* overflow check */
	if (tmp.size >= INT_MAX / num_possible_cpus())
		return -ENOMEM;
	if (tmp.num_counters >= INT_MAX / sizeof(struct xt_counters))
		return -ENOMEM;
	tmp.name[sizeof(tmp.name)-1] = 0;

	newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(tmp.size);
	if (!newinfo)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* choose the copy that is on our node/cpu */
	loc_cpu_entry = newinfo->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	if (copy_from_user(loc_cpu_entry, user + sizeof(tmp),
			   tmp.size) != 0) {
		ret = -EFAULT;
		goto free_newinfo;
	}

	ret = translate_compat_table(net, tmp.name, tmp.valid_hooks,
				     &newinfo, &loc_cpu_entry, tmp.size,
				     tmp.num_entries, tmp.hook_entry,
				     tmp.underflow);
	if (ret != 0)
		goto free_newinfo;

	duprintf("compat_do_replace: Translated table\n");

	ret = __do_replace(net, tmp.name, tmp.valid_hooks, newinfo,
			   tmp.num_counters, compat_ptr(tmp.counters));
	if (ret)
		goto free_newinfo_untrans;
	return 0;

 free_newinfo_untrans:
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, newinfo->size)
		cleanup_entry(iter, net);
 free_newinfo:
	xt_free_table_info(newinfo);
	return ret;
}

static int
compat_do_ipt_set_ctl(struct sock *sk,	int cmd, void __user *user,
		      unsigned int len)
{
	int ret;

	if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	switch (cmd) {
	case IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE:
		ret = compat_do_replace(sock_net(sk), user, len);
		break;

	case IPT_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS:
		ret = do_add_counters(sock_net(sk), user, len, 1);
		break;

	default:
		duprintf("do_ipt_set_ctl:  unknown request %i\n", cmd);
		ret = -EINVAL;
	}

	return ret;
}

struct compat_ipt_get_entries {
	char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN];
	compat_uint_t size;
	struct compat_ipt_entry entrytable[0];
};

static int
compat_copy_entries_to_user(unsigned int total_size, struct xt_table *table,
			    void __user *userptr)
{
	struct xt_counters *counters;
	const struct xt_table_info *private = table->private;
	void __user *pos;
	unsigned int size;
	int ret = 0;
	const void *loc_cpu_entry;
	unsigned int i = 0;
	struct ipt_entry *iter;

	counters = alloc_counters(table);
	if (IS_ERR(counters))
		return PTR_ERR(counters);

	/* choose the copy that is on our node/cpu, ...
	 * This choice is lazy (because current thread is
	 * allowed to migrate to another cpu)
	 */
	loc_cpu_entry = private->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	pos = userptr;
	size = total_size;
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, total_size) {
		ret = compat_copy_entry_to_user(iter, &pos,
						&size, counters, i++);
		if (ret != 0)
			break;
	}

	vfree(counters);
	return ret;
}

static int
compat_get_entries(struct net *net, struct compat_ipt_get_entries __user *uptr,
		   int *len)
{
	int ret;
	struct compat_ipt_get_entries get;
	struct xt_table *t;

	if (*len < sizeof(get)) {
		duprintf("compat_get_entries: %u < %zu\n", *len, sizeof(get));
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (copy_from_user(&get, uptr, sizeof(get)) != 0)
		return -EFAULT;

	if (*len != sizeof(struct compat_ipt_get_entries) + get.size) {
		duprintf("compat_get_entries: %u != %zu\n",
			 *len, sizeof(get) + get.size);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	xt_compat_lock(AF_INET);
	t = xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, get.name);
	if (t && !IS_ERR(t)) {
		const struct xt_table_info *private = t->private;
		struct xt_table_info info;
		duprintf("t->private->number = %u\n", private->number);
		ret = compat_table_info(private, &info);
		if (!ret && get.size == info.size) {
			ret = compat_copy_entries_to_user(private->size,
							  t, uptr->entrytable);
		} else if (!ret) {
			duprintf("compat_get_entries: I've got %u not %u!\n",
				 private->size, get.size);
			ret = -EAGAIN;
		}
		xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET);
		module_put(t->me);
		xt_table_unlock(t);
	} else
		ret = t ? PTR_ERR(t) : -ENOENT;

	xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET);
	return ret;
}

static int do_ipt_get_ctl(struct sock *, int, void __user *, int *);

static int
compat_do_ipt_get_ctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *user, int *len)
{
	int ret;

	if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	switch (cmd) {
	case IPT_SO_GET_INFO:
		ret = get_info(sock_net(sk), user, len, 1);
		break;
	case IPT_SO_GET_ENTRIES:
		ret = compat_get_entries(sock_net(sk), user, len);
		break;
	default:
		ret = do_ipt_get_ctl(sk, cmd, user, len);
	}
	return ret;
}
#endif

static int
do_ipt_set_ctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *user, unsigned int len)
{
	int ret;

	if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	switch (cmd) {
	case IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE:
		ret = do_replace(sock_net(sk), user, len);
		break;

	case IPT_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS:
		ret = do_add_counters(sock_net(sk), user, len, 0);
		break;

	default:
		duprintf("do_ipt_set_ctl:  unknown request %i\n", cmd);
		ret = -EINVAL;
	}

	return ret;
}

static int
do_ipt_get_ctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *user, int *len)
{
	int ret;

	if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	switch (cmd) {
	case IPT_SO_GET_INFO:
		ret = get_info(sock_net(sk), user, len, 0);
		break;

	case IPT_SO_GET_ENTRIES:
		ret = get_entries(sock_net(sk), user, len);
		break;

	case IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_MATCH:
	case IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET: {
		struct xt_get_revision rev;
		int target;

		if (*len != sizeof(rev)) {
			ret = -EINVAL;
			break;
		}
		if (copy_from_user(&rev, user, sizeof(rev)) != 0) {
			ret = -EFAULT;
			break;
		}
		rev.name[sizeof(rev.name)-1] = 0;

		if (cmd == IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET)
			target = 1;
		else
			target = 0;

		try_then_request_module(xt_find_revision(AF_INET, rev.name,
							 rev.revision,
							 target, &ret),
					"ipt_%s", rev.name);
		break;
	}

	default:
		duprintf("do_ipt_get_ctl: unknown request %i\n", cmd);
		ret = -EINVAL;
	}

	return ret;
}

struct xt_table *ipt_register_table(struct net *net,
				    const struct xt_table *table,
				    const struct ipt_replace *repl)
{
	int ret;
	struct xt_table_info *newinfo;
	struct xt_table_info bootstrap = {0};
	void *loc_cpu_entry;
	struct xt_table *new_table;

	newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(repl->size);
	if (!newinfo) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	/* choose the copy on our node/cpu, but dont care about preemption */
	loc_cpu_entry = newinfo->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	memcpy(loc_cpu_entry, repl->entries, repl->size);

	ret = translate_table(net, newinfo, loc_cpu_entry, repl);
	if (ret != 0)
		goto out_free;

	new_table = xt_register_table(net, table, &bootstrap, newinfo);
	if (IS_ERR(new_table)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(new_table);
		goto out_free;
	}

	return new_table;

out_free:
	xt_free_table_info(newinfo);
out:
	return ERR_PTR(ret);
}

void ipt_unregister_table(struct net *net, struct xt_table *table)
{
	struct xt_table_info *private;
	void *loc_cpu_entry;
	struct module *table_owner = table->me;
	struct ipt_entry *iter;

	private = xt_unregister_table(table);

	/* Decrease module usage counts and free resources */
	loc_cpu_entry = private->entries[raw_smp_processor_id()];
	xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, private->size)
		cleanup_entry(iter, net);
	if (private->number > private->initial_entries)
		module_put(table_owner);
	xt_free_table_info(private);
}

/* Returns 1 if the type and code is matched by the range, 0 otherwise */
static inline bool
icmp_type_code_match(u_int8_t test_type, u_int8_t min_code, u_int8_t max_code,
		     u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code,
		     bool invert)
{
	return ((test_type == 0xFF) ||
		(type == test_type && code >= min_code && code <= max_code))
		^ invert;
}

static bool
icmp_match(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct xt_action_param *par)
{
	const struct icmphdr *ic;
	struct icmphdr _icmph;
	const struct ipt_icmp *icmpinfo = par->matchinfo;

	/* Must not be a fragment. */
	if (par->fragoff != 0)
		return false;

	ic = skb_header_pointer(skb, par->thoff, sizeof(_icmph), &_icmph);
	if (ic == NULL) {
		/* We've been asked to examine this packet, and we
		 * can't.  Hence, no choice but to drop.
		 */
		duprintf("Dropping evil ICMP tinygram.\n");
		par->hotdrop = true;
		return false;
	}

	return icmp_type_code_match(icmpinfo->type,
				    icmpinfo->code[0],
				    icmpinfo->code[1],
				    ic->type, ic->code,
				    !!(icmpinfo->invflags&IPT_ICMP_INV));
}

static int icmp_checkentry(const struct xt_mtchk_param *par)
{
	const struct ipt_icmp *icmpinfo = par->matchinfo;

	/* Must specify no unknown invflags */
	return (icmpinfo->invflags & ~IPT_ICMP_INV) ? -EINVAL : 0;
}

static struct xt_target ipt_builtin_tg[] __read_mostly = {
	{
		.name             = XT_STANDARD_TARGET,
		.targetsize       = sizeof(int),
		.family           = NFPROTO_IPV4,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
		.compatsize       = sizeof(compat_int_t),
		.compat_from_user = compat_standard_from_user,
		.compat_to_user   = compat_standard_to_user,
#endif
	},
	{
		.name             = XT_ERROR_TARGET,
		.target           = ipt_error,
		.targetsize       = XT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN,
		.family           = NFPROTO_IPV4,
	},
};

static struct nf_sockopt_ops ipt_sockopts = {
	.pf		= PF_INET,
	.set_optmin	= IPT_BASE_CTL,
	.set_optmax	= IPT_SO_SET_MAX+1,
	.set		= do_ipt_set_ctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_set	= compat_do_ipt_set_ctl,
#endif
	.get_optmin	= IPT_BASE_CTL,
	.get_optmax	= IPT_SO_GET_MAX+1,
	.get		= do_ipt_get_ctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_get	= compat_do_ipt_get_ctl,
#endif
	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
};

static struct xt_match ipt_builtin_mt[] __read_mostly = {
	{
		.name       = "icmp",
		.match      = icmp_match,
		.matchsize  = sizeof(struct ipt_icmp),
		.checkentry = icmp_checkentry,
		.proto      = IPPROTO_ICMP,
		.family     = NFPROTO_IPV4,
	},
};

static int __net_init ip_tables_net_init(struct net *net)
{
	return xt_proto_init(net, NFPROTO_IPV4);
}

static void __net_exit ip_tables_net_exit(struct net *net)
{
	xt_proto_fini(net, NFPROTO_IPV4);
}

static struct pernet_operations ip_tables_net_ops = {
	.init = ip_tables_net_init,
	.exit = ip_tables_net_exit,
};

static int __init ip_tables_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	ret = register_pernet_subsys(&ip_tables_net_ops);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto err1;

	/* No one else will be downing sem now, so we won't sleep */
	ret = xt_register_targets(ipt_builtin_tg, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_tg));
	if (ret < 0)
		goto err2;
	ret = xt_register_matches(ipt_builtin_mt, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_mt));
	if (ret < 0)
		goto err4;

	/* Register setsockopt */
	ret = nf_register_sockopt(&ipt_sockopts);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto err5;

	pr_info("(C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team\n");
	return 0;

err5:
	xt_unregister_matches(ipt_builtin_mt, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_mt));
err4:
	xt_unregister_targets(ipt_builtin_tg, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_tg));
err2:
	unregister_pernet_subsys(&ip_tables_net_ops);
err1:
	return ret;
}

static void __exit ip_tables_fini(void)
{
	nf_unregister_sockopt(&ipt_sockopts);

	xt_unregister_matches(ipt_builtin_mt, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_mt));
	xt_unregister_targets(ipt_builtin_tg, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_tg));
	unregister_pernet_subsys(&ip_tables_net_ops);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_register_table);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_unregister_table);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_do_table);
module_init(ip_tables_init);
module_exit(ip_tables_fini);