Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>

#include "ext4.h"

/*
 * Write the MMP block using WRITE_SYNC to try to get the block on-disk
 * faster.
 */
static int write_mmp_block(struct buffer_head *bh)
{
	mark_buffer_dirty(bh);
	lock_buffer(bh);
	bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync;
	get_bh(bh);
	submit_bh(WRITE_SYNC, bh);
	wait_on_buffer(bh);
	if (unlikely(!buffer_uptodate(bh)))
		return 1;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Read the MMP block. It _must_ be read from disk and hence we clear the
 * uptodate flag on the buffer.
 */
static int read_mmp_block(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head **bh,
			  ext4_fsblk_t mmp_block)
{
	struct mmp_struct *mmp;

	if (*bh)
		clear_buffer_uptodate(*bh);

	/* This would be sb_bread(sb, mmp_block), except we need to be sure
	 * that the MD RAID device cache has been bypassed, and that the read
	 * is not blocked in the elevator. */
	if (!*bh)
		*bh = sb_getblk(sb, mmp_block);
	if (*bh) {
		get_bh(*bh);
		lock_buffer(*bh);
		(*bh)->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_sync;
		submit_bh(READ_SYNC, *bh);
		wait_on_buffer(*bh);
		if (!buffer_uptodate(*bh)) {
			brelse(*bh);
			*bh = NULL;
		}
	}
	if (!*bh) {
		ext4_warning(sb, "Error while reading MMP block %llu",
			     mmp_block);
		return -EIO;
	}

	mmp = (struct mmp_struct *)((*bh)->b_data);
	if (le32_to_cpu(mmp->mmp_magic) != EXT4_MMP_MAGIC)
		return -EINVAL;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Dump as much information as possible to help the admin.
 */
void __dump_mmp_msg(struct super_block *sb, struct mmp_struct *mmp,
		    const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *msg)
{
	__ext4_warning(sb, function, line, msg);
	__ext4_warning(sb, function, line,
		       "MMP failure info: last update time: %llu, last update "
		       "node: %s, last update device: %s\n",
		       (long long unsigned int) le64_to_cpu(mmp->mmp_time),
		       mmp->mmp_nodename, mmp->mmp_bdevname);
}

/*
 * kmmpd will update the MMP sequence every s_mmp_update_interval seconds
 */
static int kmmpd(void *data)
{
	struct super_block *sb = ((struct mmpd_data *) data)->sb;
	struct buffer_head *bh = ((struct mmpd_data *) data)->bh;
	struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
	struct mmp_struct *mmp;
	ext4_fsblk_t mmp_block;
	u32 seq = 0;
	unsigned long failed_writes = 0;
	int mmp_update_interval = le16_to_cpu(es->s_mmp_update_interval);
	unsigned mmp_check_interval;
	unsigned long last_update_time;
	unsigned long diff;
	int retval;

	mmp_block = le64_to_cpu(es->s_mmp_block);
	mmp = (struct mmp_struct *)(bh->b_data);
	mmp->mmp_time = cpu_to_le64(get_seconds());
	/*
	 * Start with the higher mmp_check_interval and reduce it if
	 * the MMP block is being updated on time.
	 */
	mmp_check_interval = max(EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT * mmp_update_interval,
				 EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL);
	mmp->mmp_check_interval = cpu_to_le16(mmp_check_interval);
	bdevname(bh->b_bdev, mmp->mmp_bdevname);

	memcpy(mmp->mmp_nodename, init_utsname()->nodename,
	       sizeof(mmp->mmp_nodename));

	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
		if (++seq > EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX)
			seq = 1;

		mmp->mmp_seq = cpu_to_le32(seq);
		mmp->mmp_time = cpu_to_le64(get_seconds());
		last_update_time = jiffies;

		retval = write_mmp_block(bh);
		/*
		 * Don't spew too many error messages. Print one every
		 * (s_mmp_update_interval * 60) seconds.
		 */
		if (retval) {
			if ((failed_writes % 60) == 0)
				ext4_error(sb, "Error writing to MMP block");
			failed_writes++;
		}

		if (!(le32_to_cpu(es->s_feature_incompat) &
		    EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP)) {
			ext4_warning(sb, "kmmpd being stopped since MMP feature"
				     " has been disabled.");
			EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mmp_tsk = NULL;
			goto failed;
		}

		if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) {
			ext4_warning(sb, "kmmpd being stopped since filesystem "
				     "has been remounted as readonly.");
			EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mmp_tsk = NULL;
			goto failed;
		}

		diff = jiffies - last_update_time;
		if (diff < mmp_update_interval * HZ)
			schedule_timeout_interruptible(mmp_update_interval *
						       HZ - diff);

		/*
		 * We need to make sure that more than mmp_check_interval
		 * seconds have not passed since writing. If that has happened
		 * we need to check if the MMP block is as we left it.
		 */
		diff = jiffies - last_update_time;
		if (diff > mmp_check_interval * HZ) {
			struct buffer_head *bh_check = NULL;
			struct mmp_struct *mmp_check;

			retval = read_mmp_block(sb, &bh_check, mmp_block);
			if (retval) {
				ext4_error(sb, "error reading MMP data: %d",
					   retval);

				EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mmp_tsk = NULL;
				goto failed;
			}

			mmp_check = (struct mmp_struct *)(bh_check->b_data);
			if (mmp->mmp_seq != mmp_check->mmp_seq ||
			    memcmp(mmp->mmp_nodename, mmp_check->mmp_nodename,
				   sizeof(mmp->mmp_nodename))) {
				dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp_check,
					     "Error while updating MMP info. "
					     "The filesystem seems to have been"
					     " multiply mounted.");
				ext4_error(sb, "abort");
				goto failed;
			}
			put_bh(bh_check);
		}

		 /*
		 * Adjust the mmp_check_interval depending on how much time
		 * it took for the MMP block to be written.
		 */
		mmp_check_interval = max(min(EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT * diff / HZ,
					     EXT4_MMP_MAX_CHECK_INTERVAL),
					 EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL);
		mmp->mmp_check_interval = cpu_to_le16(mmp_check_interval);
	}

	/*
	 * Unmount seems to be clean.
	 */
	mmp->mmp_seq = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN);
	mmp->mmp_time = cpu_to_le64(get_seconds());

	retval = write_mmp_block(bh);

failed:
	kfree(data);
	brelse(bh);
	return retval;
}

/*
 * Get a random new sequence number but make sure it is not greater than
 * EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX.
 */
static unsigned int mmp_new_seq(void)
{
	u32 new_seq;

	do {
		get_random_bytes(&new_seq, sizeof(u32));
	} while (new_seq > EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX);

	return new_seq;
}

/*
 * Protect the filesystem from being mounted more than once.
 */
int ext4_multi_mount_protect(struct super_block *sb,
				    ext4_fsblk_t mmp_block)
{
	struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
	struct buffer_head *bh = NULL;
	struct mmp_struct *mmp = NULL;
	struct mmpd_data *mmpd_data;
	u32 seq;
	unsigned int mmp_check_interval = le16_to_cpu(es->s_mmp_update_interval);
	unsigned int wait_time = 0;
	int retval;

	if (mmp_block < le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) ||
	    mmp_block >= ext4_blocks_count(es)) {
		ext4_warning(sb, "Invalid MMP block in superblock");
		goto failed;
	}

	retval = read_mmp_block(sb, &bh, mmp_block);
	if (retval)
		goto failed;

	mmp = (struct mmp_struct *)(bh->b_data);

	if (mmp_check_interval < EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL)
		mmp_check_interval = EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL;

	/*
	 * If check_interval in MMP block is larger, use that instead of
	 * update_interval from the superblock.
	 */
	if (le16_to_cpu(mmp->mmp_check_interval) > mmp_check_interval)
		mmp_check_interval = le16_to_cpu(mmp->mmp_check_interval);

	seq = le32_to_cpu(mmp->mmp_seq);
	if (seq == EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN)
		goto skip;

	if (seq == EXT4_MMP_SEQ_FSCK) {
		dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, "fsck is running on the filesystem");
		goto failed;
	}

	wait_time = min(mmp_check_interval * 2 + 1,
			mmp_check_interval + 60);

	/* Print MMP interval if more than 20 secs. */
	if (wait_time > EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL * 4)
		ext4_warning(sb, "MMP interval %u higher than expected, please"
			     " wait.\n", wait_time * 2);

	if (schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ * wait_time) != 0) {
		ext4_warning(sb, "MMP startup interrupted, failing mount\n");
		goto failed;
	}

	retval = read_mmp_block(sb, &bh, mmp_block);
	if (retval)
		goto failed;
	mmp = (struct mmp_struct *)(bh->b_data);
	if (seq != le32_to_cpu(mmp->mmp_seq)) {
		dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp,
			     "Device is already active on another node.");
		goto failed;
	}

skip:
	/*
	 * write a new random sequence number.
	 */
	seq = mmp_new_seq();
	mmp->mmp_seq = cpu_to_le32(seq);

	retval = write_mmp_block(bh);
	if (retval)
		goto failed;

	/*
	 * wait for MMP interval and check mmp_seq.
	 */
	if (schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ * wait_time) != 0) {
		ext4_warning(sb, "MMP startup interrupted, failing mount\n");
		goto failed;
	}

	retval = read_mmp_block(sb, &bh, mmp_block);
	if (retval)
		goto failed;
	mmp = (struct mmp_struct *)(bh->b_data);
	if (seq != le32_to_cpu(mmp->mmp_seq)) {
		dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp,
			     "Device is already active on another node.");
		goto failed;
	}

	mmpd_data = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mmpd_data), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!mmpd_data) {
		ext4_warning(sb, "not enough memory for mmpd_data");
		goto failed;
	}
	mmpd_data->sb = sb;
	mmpd_data->bh = bh;

	/*
	 * Start a kernel thread to update the MMP block periodically.
	 */
	EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mmp_tsk = kthread_run(kmmpd, mmpd_data, "kmmpd-%s",
					     bdevname(bh->b_bdev,
						      mmp->mmp_bdevname));
	if (IS_ERR(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mmp_tsk)) {
		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mmp_tsk = NULL;
		kfree(mmpd_data);
		ext4_warning(sb, "Unable to create kmmpd thread for %s.",
			     sb->s_id);
		goto failed;
	}

	return 0;

failed:
	brelse(bh);
	return 1;
}