Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
/*
 * Copyright (C) Neil Brown 2002
 * Copyright (C) Christoph Hellwig 2007
 *
 * This file contains the code mapping from inodes to NFS file handles,
 * and for mapping back from file handles to dentries.
 *
 * For details on why we do all the strange and hairy things in here
 * take a look at Documentation/filesystems/nfs/Exporting.
 */
#include <linux/exportfs.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>

#define dprintk(fmt, args...) do{}while(0)


static int get_name(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, char *name,
		struct dentry *child);


static int exportfs_get_name(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dir,
		char *name, struct dentry *child)
{
	const struct export_operations *nop = dir->d_sb->s_export_op;

	if (nop->get_name)
		return nop->get_name(dir, name, child);
	else
		return get_name(mnt, dir, name, child);
}

/*
 * Check if the dentry or any of it's aliases is acceptable.
 */
static struct dentry *
find_acceptable_alias(struct dentry *result,
		int (*acceptable)(void *context, struct dentry *dentry),
		void *context)
{
	struct dentry *dentry, *toput = NULL;
	struct inode *inode;

	if (acceptable(context, result))
		return result;

	inode = result->d_inode;
	spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
	list_for_each_entry(dentry, &inode->i_dentry, d_alias) {
		dget(dentry);
		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
		if (toput)
			dput(toput);
		if (dentry != result && acceptable(context, dentry)) {
			dput(result);
			return dentry;
		}
		spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
		toput = dentry;
	}
	spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);

	if (toput)
		dput(toput);
	return NULL;
}

/*
 * Find root of a disconnected subtree and return a reference to it.
 */
static struct dentry *
find_disconnected_root(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	dget(dentry);
	while (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) {
		struct dentry *parent = dget_parent(dentry);

		if (!(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)) {
			dput(parent);
			break;
		}

		dput(dentry);
		dentry = parent;
	}
	return dentry;
}

/*
 * Make sure target_dir is fully connected to the dentry tree.
 *
 * It may already be, as the flag isn't always updated when connection happens.
 */
static int
reconnect_path(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *target_dir, char *nbuf)
{
	int noprogress = 0;
	int err = -ESTALE;

	/*
	 * It is possible that a confused file system might not let us complete
	 * the path to the root.  For example, if get_parent returns a directory
	 * in which we cannot find a name for the child.  While this implies a
	 * very sick filesystem we don't want it to cause knfsd to spin.  Hence
	 * the noprogress counter.  If we go through the loop 10 times (2 is
	 * probably enough) without getting anywhere, we just give up
	 */
	while (target_dir->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED && noprogress++ < 10) {
		struct dentry *pd = find_disconnected_root(target_dir);

		if (!IS_ROOT(pd)) {
			/* must have found a connected parent - great */
			spin_lock(&pd->d_lock);
			pd->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
			spin_unlock(&pd->d_lock);
			noprogress = 0;
		} else if (pd == mnt->mnt_sb->s_root) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "export: Eeek filesystem root is not connected, impossible\n");
			spin_lock(&pd->d_lock);
			pd->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
			spin_unlock(&pd->d_lock);
			noprogress = 0;
		} else {
			/*
			 * We have hit the top of a disconnected path, try to
			 * find parent and connect.
			 *
			 * Racing with some other process renaming a directory
			 * isn't much of a problem here.  If someone renames
			 * the directory, it will end up properly connected,
			 * which is what we want
			 *
			 * Getting the parent can't be supported generically,
			 * the locking is too icky.
			 *
			 * Instead we just return EACCES.  If server reboots
			 * or inodes get flushed, you lose
			 */
			struct dentry *ppd = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
			struct dentry *npd;

			mutex_lock(&pd->d_inode->i_mutex);
			if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_export_op->get_parent)
				ppd = mnt->mnt_sb->s_export_op->get_parent(pd);
			mutex_unlock(&pd->d_inode->i_mutex);

			if (IS_ERR(ppd)) {
				err = PTR_ERR(ppd);
				dprintk("%s: get_parent of %ld failed, err %d\n",
					__func__, pd->d_inode->i_ino, err);
				dput(pd);
				break;
			}

			dprintk("%s: find name of %lu in %lu\n", __func__,
				pd->d_inode->i_ino, ppd->d_inode->i_ino);
			err = exportfs_get_name(mnt, ppd, nbuf, pd);
			if (err) {
				dput(ppd);
				dput(pd);
				if (err == -ENOENT)
					/* some race between get_parent and
					 * get_name?  just try again
					 */
					continue;
				break;
			}
			dprintk("%s: found name: %s\n", __func__, nbuf);
			mutex_lock(&ppd->d_inode->i_mutex);
			npd = lookup_one_len(nbuf, ppd, strlen(nbuf));
			mutex_unlock(&ppd->d_inode->i_mutex);
			if (IS_ERR(npd)) {
				err = PTR_ERR(npd);
				dprintk("%s: lookup failed: %d\n",
					__func__, err);
				dput(ppd);
				dput(pd);
				break;
			}
			/* we didn't really want npd, we really wanted
			 * a side-effect of the lookup.
			 * hopefully, npd == pd, though it isn't really
			 * a problem if it isn't
			 */
			if (npd == pd)
				noprogress = 0;
			else
				printk("%s: npd != pd\n", __func__);
			dput(npd);
			dput(ppd);
			if (IS_ROOT(pd)) {
				/* something went wrong, we have to give up */
				dput(pd);
				break;
			}
		}
		dput(pd);
	}

	if (target_dir->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED) {
		/* something went wrong - oh-well */
		if (!err)
			err = -ESTALE;
		return err;
	}

	return 0;
}

struct getdents_callback {
	char *name;		/* name that was found. It already points to a
				   buffer NAME_MAX+1 is size */
	unsigned long ino;	/* the inum we are looking for */
	int found;		/* inode matched? */
	int sequence;		/* sequence counter */
};

/*
 * A rather strange filldir function to capture
 * the name matching the specified inode number.
 */
static int filldir_one(void * __buf, const char * name, int len,
			loff_t pos, u64 ino, unsigned int d_type)
{
	struct getdents_callback *buf = __buf;
	int result = 0;

	buf->sequence++;
	if (buf->ino == ino) {
		memcpy(buf->name, name, len);
		buf->name[len] = '\0';
		buf->found = 1;
		result = -1;
	}
	return result;
}

/**
 * get_name - default export_operations->get_name function
 * @dentry: the directory in which to find a name
 * @name:   a pointer to a %NAME_MAX+1 char buffer to store the name
 * @child:  the dentry for the child directory.
 *
 * calls readdir on the parent until it finds an entry with
 * the same inode number as the child, and returns that.
 */
static int get_name(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry,
		char *name, struct dentry *child)
{
	const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
	struct inode *dir = dentry->d_inode;
	int error;
	struct file *file;
	struct getdents_callback buffer;

	error = -ENOTDIR;
	if (!dir || !S_ISDIR(dir->i_mode))
		goto out;
	error = -EINVAL;
	if (!dir->i_fop)
		goto out;
	/*
	 * Open the directory ...
	 */
	file = dentry_open(dget(dentry), mntget(mnt), O_RDONLY, cred);
	error = PTR_ERR(file);
	if (IS_ERR(file))
		goto out;

	error = -EINVAL;
	if (!file->f_op->readdir)
		goto out_close;

	buffer.name = name;
	buffer.ino = child->d_inode->i_ino;
	buffer.found = 0;
	buffer.sequence = 0;
	while (1) {
		int old_seq = buffer.sequence;

		error = vfs_readdir(file, filldir_one, &buffer);
		if (buffer.found) {
			error = 0;
			break;
		}

		if (error < 0)
			break;

		error = -ENOENT;
		if (old_seq == buffer.sequence)
			break;
	}

out_close:
	fput(file);
out:
	return error;
}

/**
 * export_encode_fh - default export_operations->encode_fh function
 * @dentry:  the dentry to encode
 * @fh:      where to store the file handle fragment
 * @max_len: maximum length to store there
 * @connectable: whether to store parent information
 *
 * This default encode_fh function assumes that the 32 inode number
 * is suitable for locating an inode, and that the generation number
 * can be used to check that it is still valid.  It places them in the
 * filehandle fragment where export_decode_fh expects to find them.
 */
static int export_encode_fh(struct dentry *dentry, struct fid *fid,
		int *max_len, int connectable)
{
	struct inode * inode = dentry->d_inode;
	int len = *max_len;
	int type = FILEID_INO32_GEN;

	if (connectable && (len < 4)) {
		*max_len = 4;
		return 255;
	} else if (len < 2) {
		*max_len = 2;
		return 255;
	}

	len = 2;
	fid->i32.ino = inode->i_ino;
	fid->i32.gen = inode->i_generation;
	if (connectable && !S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
		struct inode *parent;

		spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
		parent = dentry->d_parent->d_inode;
		fid->i32.parent_ino = parent->i_ino;
		fid->i32.parent_gen = parent->i_generation;
		spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
		len = 4;
		type = FILEID_INO32_GEN_PARENT;
	}
	*max_len = len;
	return type;
}

int exportfs_encode_fh(struct dentry *dentry, struct fid *fid, int *max_len,
		int connectable)
{
	const struct export_operations *nop = dentry->d_sb->s_export_op;
	int error;

	if (nop->encode_fh)
		error = nop->encode_fh(dentry, fid->raw, max_len, connectable);
	else
		error = export_encode_fh(dentry, fid, max_len, connectable);

	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(exportfs_encode_fh);

struct dentry *exportfs_decode_fh(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct fid *fid,
		int fh_len, int fileid_type,
		int (*acceptable)(void *, struct dentry *), void *context)
{
	const struct export_operations *nop = mnt->mnt_sb->s_export_op;
	struct dentry *result, *alias;
	char nbuf[NAME_MAX+1];
	int err;

	/*
	 * Try to get any dentry for the given file handle from the filesystem.
	 */
	if (!nop || !nop->fh_to_dentry)
		return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE);
	result = nop->fh_to_dentry(mnt->mnt_sb, fid, fh_len, fileid_type);
	if (!result)
		result = ERR_PTR(-ESTALE);
	if (IS_ERR(result))
		return result;

	if (S_ISDIR(result->d_inode->i_mode)) {
		/*
		 * This request is for a directory.
		 *
		 * On the positive side there is only one dentry for each
		 * directory inode.  On the negative side this implies that we
		 * to ensure our dentry is connected all the way up to the
		 * filesystem root.
		 */
		if (result->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED) {
			err = reconnect_path(mnt, result, nbuf);
			if (err)
				goto err_result;
		}

		if (!acceptable(context, result)) {
			err = -EACCES;
			goto err_result;
		}

		return result;
	} else {
		/*
		 * It's not a directory.  Life is a little more complicated.
		 */
		struct dentry *target_dir, *nresult;

		/*
		 * See if either the dentry we just got from the filesystem
		 * or any alias for it is acceptable.  This is always true
		 * if this filesystem is exported without the subtreecheck
		 * option.  If the filesystem is exported with the subtree
		 * check option there's a fair chance we need to look at
		 * the parent directory in the file handle and make sure
		 * it's connected to the filesystem root.
		 */
		alias = find_acceptable_alias(result, acceptable, context);
		if (alias)
			return alias;

		/*
		 * Try to extract a dentry for the parent directory from the
		 * file handle.  If this fails we'll have to give up.
		 */
		err = -ESTALE;
		if (!nop->fh_to_parent)
			goto err_result;

		target_dir = nop->fh_to_parent(mnt->mnt_sb, fid,
				fh_len, fileid_type);
		if (!target_dir)
			goto err_result;
		err = PTR_ERR(target_dir);
		if (IS_ERR(target_dir))
			goto err_result;

		/*
		 * And as usual we need to make sure the parent directory is
		 * connected to the filesystem root.  The VFS really doesn't
		 * like disconnected directories..
		 */
		err = reconnect_path(mnt, target_dir, nbuf);
		if (err) {
			dput(target_dir);
			goto err_result;
		}

		/*
		 * Now that we've got both a well-connected parent and a
		 * dentry for the inode we're after, make sure that our
		 * inode is actually connected to the parent.
		 */
		err = exportfs_get_name(mnt, target_dir, nbuf, result);
		if (!err) {
			mutex_lock(&target_dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
			nresult = lookup_one_len(nbuf, target_dir,
						 strlen(nbuf));
			mutex_unlock(&target_dir->d_inode->i_mutex);
			if (!IS_ERR(nresult)) {
				if (nresult->d_inode) {
					dput(result);
					result = nresult;
				} else
					dput(nresult);
			}
		}

		/*
		 * At this point we are done with the parent, but it's pinned
		 * by the child dentry anyway.
		 */
		dput(target_dir);

		/*
		 * And finally make sure the dentry is actually acceptable
		 * to NFSD.
		 */
		alias = find_acceptable_alias(result, acceptable, context);
		if (!alias) {
			err = -EACCES;
			goto err_result;
		}

		return alias;
	}

 err_result:
	dput(result);
	return ERR_PTR(err);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(exportfs_decode_fh);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");