Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
/*
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Google, Inc.
 *
 * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
 * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 */

#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/rslib.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include "persistent_ram.h"

struct persistent_ram_buffer {
	uint32_t    sig;
	atomic_t    start;
	atomic_t    size;
	uint8_t     data[0];
};

#define PERSISTENT_RAM_SIG (0x43474244) /* DBGC */

static __initdata LIST_HEAD(persistent_ram_list);

static inline size_t buffer_size(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	return atomic_read(&prz->buffer->size);
}

static inline size_t buffer_start(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	return atomic_read(&prz->buffer->start);
}

/* increase and wrap the start pointer, returning the old value */
static inline size_t buffer_start_add(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz, size_t a)
{
	int old;
	int new;

	do {
		old = atomic_read(&prz->buffer->start);
		new = old + a;
		while (unlikely(new > prz->buffer_size))
			new -= prz->buffer_size;
	} while (atomic_cmpxchg(&prz->buffer->start, old, new) != old);

	return old;
}

/* increase the size counter until it hits the max size */
static inline void buffer_size_add(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz, size_t a)
{
	size_t old;
	size_t new;

	if (atomic_read(&prz->buffer->size) == prz->buffer_size)
		return;

	do {
		old = atomic_read(&prz->buffer->size);
		new = old + a;
		if (new > prz->buffer_size)
			new = prz->buffer_size;
	} while (atomic_cmpxchg(&prz->buffer->size, old, new) != old);
}

static void notrace persistent_ram_encode_rs8(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz,
	uint8_t *data, size_t len, uint8_t *ecc)
{
	int i;
	uint16_t par[prz->ecc_size];

	/* Initialize the parity buffer */
	memset(par, 0, sizeof(par));
	encode_rs8(prz->rs_decoder, data, len, par, 0);
	for (i = 0; i < prz->ecc_size; i++)
		ecc[i] = par[i];
}

static int persistent_ram_decode_rs8(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz,
	void *data, size_t len, uint8_t *ecc)
{
	int i;
	uint16_t par[prz->ecc_size];

	for (i = 0; i < prz->ecc_size; i++)
		par[i] = ecc[i];
	return decode_rs8(prz->rs_decoder, data, par, len,
				NULL, 0, NULL, 0, NULL);
}

static void notrace persistent_ram_update_ecc(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz,
	unsigned int start, unsigned int count)
{
	struct persistent_ram_buffer *buffer = prz->buffer;
	uint8_t *buffer_end = buffer->data + prz->buffer_size;
	uint8_t *block;
	uint8_t *par;
	int ecc_block_size = prz->ecc_block_size;
	int ecc_size = prz->ecc_size;
	int size = prz->ecc_block_size;

	if (!prz->ecc)
		return;

	block = buffer->data + (start & ~(ecc_block_size - 1));
	par = prz->par_buffer + (start / ecc_block_size) * prz->ecc_size;

	do {
		if (block + ecc_block_size > buffer_end)
			size = buffer_end - block;
		persistent_ram_encode_rs8(prz, block, size, par);
		block += ecc_block_size;
		par += ecc_size;
	} while (block < buffer->data + start + count);
}

static void persistent_ram_update_header_ecc(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	struct persistent_ram_buffer *buffer = prz->buffer;

	if (!prz->ecc)
		return;

	persistent_ram_encode_rs8(prz, (uint8_t *)buffer, sizeof(*buffer),
				  prz->par_header);
}

static void persistent_ram_ecc_old(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	struct persistent_ram_buffer *buffer = prz->buffer;
	uint8_t *block;
	uint8_t *par;

	if (!prz->ecc)
		return;

	block = buffer->data;
	par = prz->par_buffer;
	while (block < buffer->data + buffer_size(prz)) {
		int numerr;
		int size = prz->ecc_block_size;
		if (block + size > buffer->data + prz->buffer_size)
			size = buffer->data + prz->buffer_size - block;
		numerr = persistent_ram_decode_rs8(prz, block, size, par);
		if (numerr > 0) {
			pr_devel("persistent_ram: error in block %p, %d\n",
			       block, numerr);
			prz->corrected_bytes += numerr;
		} else if (numerr < 0) {
			pr_devel("persistent_ram: uncorrectable error in block %p\n",
				block);
			prz->bad_blocks++;
		}
		block += prz->ecc_block_size;
		par += prz->ecc_size;
	}
}

static int persistent_ram_init_ecc(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz,
	size_t buffer_size)
{
	int numerr;
	struct persistent_ram_buffer *buffer = prz->buffer;
	int ecc_blocks;

	if (!prz->ecc)
		return 0;

	prz->ecc_block_size = 128;
	prz->ecc_size = 16;
	prz->ecc_symsize = 8;
	prz->ecc_poly = 0x11d;

	ecc_blocks = DIV_ROUND_UP(prz->buffer_size, prz->ecc_block_size);
	prz->buffer_size -= (ecc_blocks + 1) * prz->ecc_size;

	if (prz->buffer_size > buffer_size) {
		pr_err("persistent_ram: invalid size %zu, non-ecc datasize %zu\n",
		       buffer_size, prz->buffer_size);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	prz->par_buffer = buffer->data + prz->buffer_size;
	prz->par_header = prz->par_buffer + ecc_blocks * prz->ecc_size;

	/*
	 * first consecutive root is 0
	 * primitive element to generate roots = 1
	 */
	prz->rs_decoder = init_rs(prz->ecc_symsize, prz->ecc_poly, 0, 1,
				  prz->ecc_size);
	if (prz->rs_decoder == NULL) {
		pr_info("persistent_ram: init_rs failed\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	prz->corrected_bytes = 0;
	prz->bad_blocks = 0;

	numerr = persistent_ram_decode_rs8(prz, buffer, sizeof(*buffer),
					   prz->par_header);
	if (numerr > 0) {
		pr_info("persistent_ram: error in header, %d\n", numerr);
		prz->corrected_bytes += numerr;
	} else if (numerr < 0) {
		pr_info("persistent_ram: uncorrectable error in header\n");
		prz->bad_blocks++;
	}

	return 0;
}

ssize_t persistent_ram_ecc_string(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz,
	char *str, size_t len)
{
	ssize_t ret;

	if (prz->corrected_bytes || prz->bad_blocks)
		ret = snprintf(str, len, ""
			"\n%d Corrected bytes, %d unrecoverable blocks\n",
			prz->corrected_bytes, prz->bad_blocks);
	else
		ret = snprintf(str, len, "\nNo errors detected\n");

	return ret;
}

static void notrace persistent_ram_update(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz,
	const void *s, unsigned int start, unsigned int count)
{
	struct persistent_ram_buffer *buffer = prz->buffer;
	memcpy(buffer->data + start, s, count);
	persistent_ram_update_ecc(prz, start, count);
}

static void __init
persistent_ram_save_old(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	struct persistent_ram_buffer *buffer = prz->buffer;
	size_t size = buffer_size(prz);
	size_t start = buffer_start(prz);
	char *dest;

	persistent_ram_ecc_old(prz);

	dest = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (dest == NULL) {
		pr_err("persistent_ram: failed to allocate buffer\n");
		return;
	}

	prz->old_log = dest;
	prz->old_log_size = size;
	memcpy(prz->old_log, &buffer->data[start], size - start);
	memcpy(prz->old_log + size - start, &buffer->data[0], start);
}

int notrace persistent_ram_write(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz,
	const void *s, unsigned int count)
{
	int rem;
	int c = count;
	size_t start;

	if (unlikely(c > prz->buffer_size)) {
		s += c - prz->buffer_size;
		c = prz->buffer_size;
	}

	buffer_size_add(prz, c);

	start = buffer_start_add(prz, c);

	rem = prz->buffer_size - start;
	if (unlikely(rem < c)) {
		persistent_ram_update(prz, s, start, rem);
		s += rem;
		c -= rem;
		start = 0;
	}
	persistent_ram_update(prz, s, start, c);

	persistent_ram_update_header_ecc(prz);

	return count;
}

size_t persistent_ram_old_size(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	return prz->old_log_size;
}

void *persistent_ram_old(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	return prz->old_log;
}

void persistent_ram_free_old(struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	kfree(prz->old_log);
	prz->old_log = NULL;
	prz->old_log_size = 0;
}

static int persistent_ram_buffer_map(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t size,
		struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	struct page **pages;
	phys_addr_t page_start;
	unsigned int page_count;
	pgprot_t prot;
	unsigned int i;

	page_start = start - offset_in_page(start);
	page_count = DIV_ROUND_UP(size + offset_in_page(start), PAGE_SIZE);

	prot = pgprot_noncached(PAGE_KERNEL);

	pages = kmalloc(sizeof(struct page *) * page_count, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pages) {
		pr_err("%s: Failed to allocate array for %u pages\n", __func__,
			page_count);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < page_count; i++) {
		phys_addr_t addr = page_start + i * PAGE_SIZE;
		pages[i] = pfn_to_page(addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
	}
	prz->vaddr = vmap(pages, page_count, VM_MAP, prot);
	kfree(pages);
	if (!prz->vaddr) {
		pr_err("%s: Failed to map %u pages\n", __func__, page_count);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	prz->buffer = prz->vaddr + offset_in_page(start);
	prz->buffer_size = size - sizeof(struct persistent_ram_buffer);

	return 0;
}

static int __init persistent_ram_buffer_init(const char *name,
		struct persistent_ram_zone *prz)
{
	int i;
	struct persistent_ram *ram;
	struct persistent_ram_descriptor *desc;
	phys_addr_t start;

	list_for_each_entry(ram, &persistent_ram_list, node) {
		start = ram->start;
		for (i = 0; i < ram->num_descs; i++) {
			desc = &ram->descs[i];
			if (!strcmp(desc->name, name))
				return persistent_ram_buffer_map(start,
						desc->size, prz);
			start += desc->size;
		}
	}

	return -EINVAL;
}

static  __init
struct persistent_ram_zone *__persistent_ram_init(struct device *dev, bool ecc)
{
	struct persistent_ram_zone *prz;
	int ret = -ENOMEM;

	prz = kzalloc(sizeof(struct persistent_ram_zone), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!prz) {
		pr_err("persistent_ram: failed to allocate persistent ram zone\n");
		goto err;
	}

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&prz->node);

	ret = persistent_ram_buffer_init(dev_name(dev), prz);
	if (ret) {
		pr_err("persistent_ram: failed to initialize buffer\n");
		goto err;
	}

	prz->ecc = ecc;
	ret = persistent_ram_init_ecc(prz, prz->buffer_size);
	if (ret)
		goto err;

	if (prz->buffer->sig == PERSISTENT_RAM_SIG) {
		if (buffer_size(prz) > prz->buffer_size ||
		    buffer_start(prz) > buffer_size(prz))
			pr_info("persistent_ram: found existing invalid buffer,"
				" size %ld, start %ld\n",
			       buffer_size(prz), buffer_start(prz));
		else {
			pr_info("persistent_ram: found existing buffer,"
				" size %ld, start %ld\n",
			       buffer_size(prz), buffer_start(prz));
			persistent_ram_save_old(prz);
		}
	} else {
		pr_info("persistent_ram: no valid data in buffer"
			" (sig = 0x%08x)\n", prz->buffer->sig);
	}

	prz->buffer->sig = PERSISTENT_RAM_SIG;
	atomic_set(&prz->buffer->start, 0);
	atomic_set(&prz->buffer->size, 0);

	return prz;
err:
	kfree(prz);
	return ERR_PTR(ret);
}

struct persistent_ram_zone * __init
persistent_ram_init_ringbuffer(struct device *dev, bool ecc)
{
	return __persistent_ram_init(dev, ecc);
}

int __init persistent_ram_early_init(struct persistent_ram *ram)
{
	int ret;

	ret = memblock_reserve(ram->start, ram->size);
	if (ret) {
		pr_err("Failed to reserve persistent memory from %08lx-%08lx\n",
			(long)ram->start, (long)(ram->start + ram->size - 1));
		return ret;
	}

	list_add_tail(&ram->node, &persistent_ram_list);

	pr_info("Initialized persistent memory from %08lx-%08lx\n",
		(long)ram->start, (long)(ram->start + ram->size - 1));

	return 0;
}