Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
/*
 * drivers/base/core.c - core driver model code (device registration, etc)
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2002-3 Patrick Mochel
 * Copyright (c) 2002-3 Open Source Development Labs
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Novell, Inc.
 *
 * This file is released under the GPLv2
 *
 */

#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/async.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>

#include "base.h"
#include "power/power.h"

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED_V2
long sysfs_deprecated = 1;
#else
long sysfs_deprecated = 0;
#endif
static __init int sysfs_deprecated_setup(char *arg)
{
	return strict_strtol(arg, 10, &sysfs_deprecated);
}
early_param("sysfs.deprecated", sysfs_deprecated_setup);
#endif

int (*platform_notify)(struct device *dev) = NULL;
int (*platform_notify_remove)(struct device *dev) = NULL;
static struct kobject *dev_kobj;
struct kobject *sysfs_dev_char_kobj;
struct kobject *sysfs_dev_block_kobj;

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
static inline int device_is_not_partition(struct device *dev)
{
	return !(dev->type == &part_type);
}
#else
static inline int device_is_not_partition(struct device *dev)
{
	return 1;
}
#endif

/**
 * dev_driver_string - Return a device's driver name, if at all possible
 * @dev: struct device to get the name of
 *
 * Will return the device's driver's name if it is bound to a device.  If
 * the device is not bound to a device, it will return the name of the bus
 * it is attached to.  If it is not attached to a bus either, an empty
 * string will be returned.
 */
const char *dev_driver_string(const struct device *dev)
{
	struct device_driver *drv;

	/* dev->driver can change to NULL underneath us because of unbinding,
	 * so be careful about accessing it.  dev->bus and dev->class should
	 * never change once they are set, so they don't need special care.
	 */
	drv = ACCESS_ONCE(dev->driver);
	return drv ? drv->name :
			(dev->bus ? dev->bus->name :
			(dev->class ? dev->class->name : ""));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dev_driver_string);

#define to_dev(obj) container_of(obj, struct device, kobj)
#define to_dev_attr(_attr) container_of(_attr, struct device_attribute, attr)

static ssize_t dev_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
			     char *buf)
{
	struct device_attribute *dev_attr = to_dev_attr(attr);
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	ssize_t ret = -EIO;

	if (dev_attr->show)
		ret = dev_attr->show(dev, dev_attr, buf);
	if (ret >= (ssize_t)PAGE_SIZE) {
		print_symbol("dev_attr_show: %s returned bad count\n",
				(unsigned long)dev_attr->show);
	}
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t dev_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
			      const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct device_attribute *dev_attr = to_dev_attr(attr);
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	ssize_t ret = -EIO;

	if (dev_attr->store)
		ret = dev_attr->store(dev, dev_attr, buf, count);
	return ret;
}

static const struct sysfs_ops dev_sysfs_ops = {
	.show	= dev_attr_show,
	.store	= dev_attr_store,
};

#define to_ext_attr(x) container_of(x, struct dev_ext_attribute, attr)

ssize_t device_store_ulong(struct device *dev,
			   struct device_attribute *attr,
			   const char *buf, size_t size)
{
	struct dev_ext_attribute *ea = to_ext_attr(attr);
	char *end;
	unsigned long new = simple_strtoul(buf, &end, 0);
	if (end == buf)
		return -EINVAL;
	*(unsigned long *)(ea->var) = new;
	/* Always return full write size even if we didn't consume all */
	return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_store_ulong);

ssize_t device_show_ulong(struct device *dev,
			  struct device_attribute *attr,
			  char *buf)
{
	struct dev_ext_attribute *ea = to_ext_attr(attr);
	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%lx\n", *(unsigned long *)(ea->var));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_show_ulong);

ssize_t device_store_int(struct device *dev,
			 struct device_attribute *attr,
			 const char *buf, size_t size)
{
	struct dev_ext_attribute *ea = to_ext_attr(attr);
	char *end;
	long new = simple_strtol(buf, &end, 0);
	if (end == buf || new > INT_MAX || new < INT_MIN)
		return -EINVAL;
	*(int *)(ea->var) = new;
	/* Always return full write size even if we didn't consume all */
	return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_store_int);

ssize_t device_show_int(struct device *dev,
			struct device_attribute *attr,
			char *buf)
{
	struct dev_ext_attribute *ea = to_ext_attr(attr);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", *(int *)(ea->var));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_show_int);

/**
 *	device_release - free device structure.
 *	@kobj:	device's kobject.
 *
 *	This is called once the reference count for the object
 *	reaches 0. We forward the call to the device's release
 *	method, which should handle actually freeing the structure.
 */
static void device_release(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	struct device_private *p = dev->p;

	if (dev->release)
		dev->release(dev);
	else if (dev->type && dev->type->release)
		dev->type->release(dev);
	else if (dev->class && dev->class->dev_release)
		dev->class->dev_release(dev);
	else
		WARN(1, KERN_ERR "Device '%s' does not have a release() "
			"function, it is broken and must be fixed.\n",
			dev_name(dev));
	kfree(p);
}

static const void *device_namespace(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	const void *ns = NULL;

	if (dev->class && dev->class->ns_type)
		ns = dev->class->namespace(dev);

	return ns;
}

static struct kobj_type device_ktype = {
	.release	= device_release,
	.sysfs_ops	= &dev_sysfs_ops,
	.namespace	= device_namespace,
};


static int dev_uevent_filter(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct kobj_type *ktype = get_ktype(kobj);

	if (ktype == &device_ktype) {
		struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
		if (dev->bus)
			return 1;
		if (dev->class)
			return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static const char *dev_uevent_name(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);

	if (dev->bus)
		return dev->bus->name;
	if (dev->class)
		return dev->class->name;
	return NULL;
}

static int dev_uevent(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj,
		      struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	int retval = 0;

	/* add device node properties if present */
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt)) {
		const char *tmp;
		const char *name;
		umode_t mode = 0;

		add_uevent_var(env, "MAJOR=%u", MAJOR(dev->devt));
		add_uevent_var(env, "MINOR=%u", MINOR(dev->devt));
		name = device_get_devnode(dev, &mode, &tmp);
		if (name) {
			add_uevent_var(env, "DEVNAME=%s", name);
			kfree(tmp);
			if (mode)
				add_uevent_var(env, "DEVMODE=%#o", mode & 0777);
		}
	}

	if (dev->type && dev->type->name)
		add_uevent_var(env, "DEVTYPE=%s", dev->type->name);

	if (dev->driver)
		add_uevent_var(env, "DRIVER=%s", dev->driver->name);

	/* Add common DT information about the device */
	of_device_uevent(dev, env);

	/* have the bus specific function add its stuff */
	if (dev->bus && dev->bus->uevent) {
		retval = dev->bus->uevent(dev, env);
		if (retval)
			pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: bus uevent() returned %d\n",
				 dev_name(dev), __func__, retval);
	}

	/* have the class specific function add its stuff */
	if (dev->class && dev->class->dev_uevent) {
		retval = dev->class->dev_uevent(dev, env);
		if (retval)
			pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: class uevent() "
				 "returned %d\n", dev_name(dev),
				 __func__, retval);
	}

	/* have the device type specific function add its stuff */
	if (dev->type && dev->type->uevent) {
		retval = dev->type->uevent(dev, env);
		if (retval)
			pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: dev_type uevent() "
				 "returned %d\n", dev_name(dev),
				 __func__, retval);
	}

	return retval;
}

static const struct kset_uevent_ops device_uevent_ops = {
	.filter =	dev_uevent_filter,
	.name =		dev_uevent_name,
	.uevent =	dev_uevent,
};

static ssize_t show_uevent(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
			   char *buf)
{
	struct kobject *top_kobj;
	struct kset *kset;
	struct kobj_uevent_env *env = NULL;
	int i;
	size_t count = 0;
	int retval;

	/* search the kset, the device belongs to */
	top_kobj = &dev->kobj;
	while (!top_kobj->kset && top_kobj->parent)
		top_kobj = top_kobj->parent;
	if (!top_kobj->kset)
		goto out;

	kset = top_kobj->kset;
	if (!kset->uevent_ops || !kset->uevent_ops->uevent)
		goto out;

	/* respect filter */
	if (kset->uevent_ops && kset->uevent_ops->filter)
		if (!kset->uevent_ops->filter(kset, &dev->kobj))
			goto out;

	env = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kobj_uevent_env), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!env)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* let the kset specific function add its keys */
	retval = kset->uevent_ops->uevent(kset, &dev->kobj, env);
	if (retval)
		goto out;

	/* copy keys to file */
	for (i = 0; i < env->envp_idx; i++)
		count += sprintf(&buf[count], "%s\n", env->envp[i]);
out:
	kfree(env);
	return count;
}

static ssize_t store_uevent(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
			    const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	enum kobject_action action;

	if (kobject_action_type(buf, count, &action) == 0)
		kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, action);
	else
		dev_err(dev, "uevent: unknown action-string\n");
	return count;
}

static struct device_attribute uevent_attr =
	__ATTR(uevent, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, show_uevent, store_uevent);

static int device_add_attributes(struct device *dev,
				 struct device_attribute *attrs)
{
	int error = 0;
	int i;

	if (attrs) {
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++) {
			error = device_create_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
			if (error)
				break;
		}
		if (error)
			while (--i >= 0)
				device_remove_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
	}
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_attributes(struct device *dev,
				     struct device_attribute *attrs)
{
	int i;

	if (attrs)
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++)
			device_remove_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
}

static int device_add_bin_attributes(struct device *dev,
				     struct bin_attribute *attrs)
{
	int error = 0;
	int i;

	if (attrs) {
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++) {
			error = device_create_bin_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
			if (error)
				break;
		}
		if (error)
			while (--i >= 0)
				device_remove_bin_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
	}
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_bin_attributes(struct device *dev,
					 struct bin_attribute *attrs)
{
	int i;

	if (attrs)
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++)
			device_remove_bin_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
}

static int device_add_groups(struct device *dev,
			     const struct attribute_group **groups)
{
	int error = 0;
	int i;

	if (groups) {
		for (i = 0; groups[i]; i++) {
			error = sysfs_create_group(&dev->kobj, groups[i]);
			if (error) {
				while (--i >= 0)
					sysfs_remove_group(&dev->kobj,
							   groups[i]);
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_groups(struct device *dev,
				 const struct attribute_group **groups)
{
	int i;

	if (groups)
		for (i = 0; groups[i]; i++)
			sysfs_remove_group(&dev->kobj, groups[i]);
}

static int device_add_attrs(struct device *dev)
{
	struct class *class = dev->class;
	const struct device_type *type = dev->type;
	int error;

	if (class) {
		error = device_add_attributes(dev, class->dev_attrs);
		if (error)
			return error;
		error = device_add_bin_attributes(dev, class->dev_bin_attrs);
		if (error)
			goto err_remove_class_attrs;
	}

	if (type) {
		error = device_add_groups(dev, type->groups);
		if (error)
			goto err_remove_class_bin_attrs;
	}

	error = device_add_groups(dev, dev->groups);
	if (error)
		goto err_remove_type_groups;

	return 0;

 err_remove_type_groups:
	if (type)
		device_remove_groups(dev, type->groups);
 err_remove_class_bin_attrs:
	if (class)
		device_remove_bin_attributes(dev, class->dev_bin_attrs);
 err_remove_class_attrs:
	if (class)
		device_remove_attributes(dev, class->dev_attrs);

	return error;
}

static void device_remove_attrs(struct device *dev)
{
	struct class *class = dev->class;
	const struct device_type *type = dev->type;

	device_remove_groups(dev, dev->groups);

	if (type)
		device_remove_groups(dev, type->groups);

	if (class) {
		device_remove_attributes(dev, class->dev_attrs);
		device_remove_bin_attributes(dev, class->dev_bin_attrs);
	}
}


static ssize_t show_dev(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
			char *buf)
{
	return print_dev_t(buf, dev->devt);
}

static struct device_attribute devt_attr =
	__ATTR(dev, S_IRUGO, show_dev, NULL);

/* /sys/devices/ */
struct kset *devices_kset;

/**
 * device_create_file - create sysfs attribute file for device.
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device attribute descriptor.
 */
int device_create_file(struct device *dev,
		       const struct device_attribute *attr)
{
	int error = 0;
	if (dev)
		error = sysfs_create_file(&dev->kobj, &attr->attr);
	return error;
}

/**
 * device_remove_file - remove sysfs attribute file.
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device attribute descriptor.
 */
void device_remove_file(struct device *dev,
			const struct device_attribute *attr)
{
	if (dev)
		sysfs_remove_file(&dev->kobj, &attr->attr);
}

/**
 * device_create_bin_file - create sysfs binary attribute file for device.
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device binary attribute descriptor.
 */
int device_create_bin_file(struct device *dev,
			   const struct bin_attribute *attr)
{
	int error = -EINVAL;
	if (dev)
		error = sysfs_create_bin_file(&dev->kobj, attr);
	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create_bin_file);

/**
 * device_remove_bin_file - remove sysfs binary attribute file
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device binary attribute descriptor.
 */
void device_remove_bin_file(struct device *dev,
			    const struct bin_attribute *attr)
{
	if (dev)
		sysfs_remove_bin_file(&dev->kobj, attr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_remove_bin_file);

/**
 * device_schedule_callback_owner - helper to schedule a callback for a device
 * @dev: device.
 * @func: callback function to invoke later.
 * @owner: module owning the callback routine
 *
 * Attribute methods must not unregister themselves or their parent device
 * (which would amount to the same thing).  Attempts to do so will deadlock,
 * since unregistration is mutually exclusive with driver callbacks.
 *
 * Instead methods can call this routine, which will attempt to allocate
 * and schedule a workqueue request to call back @func with @dev as its
 * argument in the workqueue's process context.  @dev will be pinned until
 * @func returns.
 *
 * This routine is usually called via the inline device_schedule_callback(),
 * which automatically sets @owner to THIS_MODULE.
 *
 * Returns 0 if the request was submitted, -ENOMEM if storage could not
 * be allocated, -ENODEV if a reference to @owner isn't available.
 *
 * NOTE: This routine won't work if CONFIG_SYSFS isn't set!  It uses an
 * underlying sysfs routine (since it is intended for use by attribute
 * methods), and if sysfs isn't available you'll get nothing but -ENOSYS.
 */
int device_schedule_callback_owner(struct device *dev,
		void (*func)(struct device *), struct module *owner)
{
	return sysfs_schedule_callback(&dev->kobj,
			(void (*)(void *)) func, dev, owner);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_schedule_callback_owner);

static void klist_children_get(struct klist_node *n)
{
	struct device_private *p = to_device_private_parent(n);
	struct device *dev = p->device;

	get_device(dev);
}

static void klist_children_put(struct klist_node *n)
{
	struct device_private *p = to_device_private_parent(n);
	struct device *dev = p->device;

	put_device(dev);
}

/**
 * device_initialize - init device structure.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This prepares the device for use by other layers by initializing
 * its fields.
 * It is the first half of device_register(), if called by
 * that function, though it can also be called separately, so one
 * may use @dev's fields. In particular, get_device()/put_device()
 * may be used for reference counting of @dev after calling this
 * function.
 *
 * All fields in @dev must be initialized by the caller to 0, except
 * for those explicitly set to some other value.  The simplest
 * approach is to use kzalloc() to allocate the structure containing
 * @dev.
 *
 * NOTE: Use put_device() to give up your reference instead of freeing
 * @dev directly once you have called this function.
 */
void device_initialize(struct device *dev)
{
	dev->kobj.kset = devices_kset;
	kobject_init(&dev->kobj, &device_ktype);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->dma_pools);
	mutex_init(&dev->mutex);
	lockdep_set_novalidate_class(&dev->mutex);
	spin_lock_init(&dev->devres_lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->devres_head);
	device_pm_init(dev);
	set_dev_node(dev, -1);
}

static struct kobject *virtual_device_parent(struct device *dev)
{
	static struct kobject *virtual_dir = NULL;

	if (!virtual_dir)
		virtual_dir = kobject_create_and_add("virtual",
						     &devices_kset->kobj);

	return virtual_dir;
}

struct class_dir {
	struct kobject kobj;
	struct class *class;
};

#define to_class_dir(obj) container_of(obj, struct class_dir, kobj)

static void class_dir_release(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct class_dir *dir = to_class_dir(kobj);
	kfree(dir);
}

static const
struct kobj_ns_type_operations *class_dir_child_ns_type(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct class_dir *dir = to_class_dir(kobj);
	return dir->class->ns_type;
}

static struct kobj_type class_dir_ktype = {
	.release	= class_dir_release,
	.sysfs_ops	= &kobj_sysfs_ops,
	.child_ns_type	= class_dir_child_ns_type
};

static struct kobject *
class_dir_create_and_add(struct class *class, struct kobject *parent_kobj)
{
	struct class_dir *dir;
	int retval;

	dir = kzalloc(sizeof(*dir), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dir)
		return NULL;

	dir->class = class;
	kobject_init(&dir->kobj, &class_dir_ktype);

	dir->kobj.kset = &class->p->glue_dirs;

	retval = kobject_add(&dir->kobj, parent_kobj, "%s", class->name);
	if (retval < 0) {
		kobject_put(&dir->kobj);
		return NULL;
	}
	return &dir->kobj;
}


static struct kobject *get_device_parent(struct device *dev,
					 struct device *parent)
{
	if (dev->class) {
		static DEFINE_MUTEX(gdp_mutex);
		struct kobject *kobj = NULL;
		struct kobject *parent_kobj;
		struct kobject *k;

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
		/* block disks show up in /sys/block */
		if (sysfs_deprecated && dev->class == &block_class) {
			if (parent && parent->class == &block_class)
				return &parent->kobj;
			return &block_class.p->subsys.kobj;
		}
#endif

		/*
		 * If we have no parent, we live in "virtual".
		 * Class-devices with a non class-device as parent, live
		 * in a "glue" directory to prevent namespace collisions.
		 */
		if (parent == NULL)
			parent_kobj = virtual_device_parent(dev);
		else if (parent->class && !dev->class->ns_type)
			return &parent->kobj;
		else
			parent_kobj = &parent->kobj;

		mutex_lock(&gdp_mutex);

		/* find our class-directory at the parent and reference it */
		spin_lock(&dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list_lock);
		list_for_each_entry(k, &dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list, entry)
			if (k->parent == parent_kobj) {
				kobj = kobject_get(k);
				break;
			}
		spin_unlock(&dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list_lock);
		if (kobj) {
			mutex_unlock(&gdp_mutex);
			return kobj;
		}

		/* or create a new class-directory at the parent device */
		k = class_dir_create_and_add(dev->class, parent_kobj);
		/* do not emit an uevent for this simple "glue" directory */
		mutex_unlock(&gdp_mutex);
		return k;
	}

	/* subsystems can specify a default root directory for their devices */
	if (!parent && dev->bus && dev->bus->dev_root)
		return &dev->bus->dev_root->kobj;

	if (parent)
		return &parent->kobj;
	return NULL;
}

static void cleanup_glue_dir(struct device *dev, struct kobject *glue_dir)
{
	/* see if we live in a "glue" directory */
	if (!glue_dir || !dev->class ||
	    glue_dir->kset != &dev->class->p->glue_dirs)
		return;

	kobject_put(glue_dir);
}

static void cleanup_device_parent(struct device *dev)
{
	cleanup_glue_dir(dev, dev->kobj.parent);
}

static int device_add_class_symlinks(struct device *dev)
{
	int error;

	if (!dev->class)
		return 0;

	error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj,
				  &dev->class->p->subsys.kobj,
				  "subsystem");
	if (error)
		goto out;

	if (dev->parent && device_is_not_partition(dev)) {
		error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &dev->parent->kobj,
					  "device");
		if (error)
			goto out_subsys;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
	/* /sys/block has directories and does not need symlinks */
	if (sysfs_deprecated && dev->class == &block_class)
		return 0;
#endif

	/* link in the class directory pointing to the device */
	error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->class->p->subsys.kobj,
				  &dev->kobj, dev_name(dev));
	if (error)
		goto out_device;

	return 0;

out_device:
	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "device");

out_subsys:
	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "subsystem");
out:
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_class_symlinks(struct device *dev)
{
	if (!dev->class)
		return;

	if (dev->parent && device_is_not_partition(dev))
		sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "device");
	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "subsystem");
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
	if (sysfs_deprecated && dev->class == &block_class)
		return;
#endif
	sysfs_delete_link(&dev->class->p->subsys.kobj, &dev->kobj, dev_name(dev));
}

/**
 * dev_set_name - set a device name
 * @dev: device
 * @fmt: format string for the device's name
 */
int dev_set_name(struct device *dev, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list vargs;
	int err;

	va_start(vargs, fmt);
	err = kobject_set_name_vargs(&dev->kobj, fmt, vargs);
	va_end(vargs);
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_set_name);

/**
 * device_to_dev_kobj - select a /sys/dev/ directory for the device
 * @dev: device
 *
 * By default we select char/ for new entries.  Setting class->dev_obj
 * to NULL prevents an entry from being created.  class->dev_kobj must
 * be set (or cleared) before any devices are registered to the class
 * otherwise device_create_sys_dev_entry() and
 * device_remove_sys_dev_entry() will disagree about the the presence
 * of the link.
 */
static struct kobject *device_to_dev_kobj(struct device *dev)
{
	struct kobject *kobj;

	if (dev->class)
		kobj = dev->class->dev_kobj;
	else
		kobj = sysfs_dev_char_kobj;

	return kobj;
}

static int device_create_sys_dev_entry(struct device *dev)
{
	struct kobject *kobj = device_to_dev_kobj(dev);
	int error = 0;
	char devt_str[15];

	if (kobj) {
		format_dev_t(devt_str, dev->devt);
		error = sysfs_create_link(kobj, &dev->kobj, devt_str);
	}

	return error;
}

static void device_remove_sys_dev_entry(struct device *dev)
{
	struct kobject *kobj = device_to_dev_kobj(dev);
	char devt_str[15];

	if (kobj) {
		format_dev_t(devt_str, dev->devt);
		sysfs_remove_link(kobj, devt_str);
	}
}

int device_private_init(struct device *dev)
{
	dev->p = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev->p), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev->p)
		return -ENOMEM;
	dev->p->device = dev;
	klist_init(&dev->p->klist_children, klist_children_get,
		   klist_children_put);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->p->deferred_probe);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * device_add - add device to device hierarchy.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This is part 2 of device_register(), though may be called
 * separately _iff_ device_initialize() has been called separately.
 *
 * This adds @dev to the kobject hierarchy via kobject_add(), adds it
 * to the global and sibling lists for the device, then
 * adds it to the other relevant subsystems of the driver model.
 *
 * Do not call this routine or device_register() more than once for
 * any device structure.  The driver model core is not designed to work
 * with devices that get unregistered and then spring back to life.
 * (Among other things, it's very hard to guarantee that all references
 * to the previous incarnation of @dev have been dropped.)  Allocate
 * and register a fresh new struct device instead.
 *
 * NOTE: _Never_ directly free @dev after calling this function, even
 * if it returned an error! Always use put_device() to give up your
 * reference instead.
 */
int device_add(struct device *dev)
{
	struct device *parent = NULL;
	struct kobject *kobj;
	struct class_interface *class_intf;
	int error = -EINVAL;

	dev = get_device(dev);
	if (!dev)
		goto done;

	if (!dev->p) {
		error = device_private_init(dev);
		if (error)
			goto done;
	}

	/*
	 * for statically allocated devices, which should all be converted
	 * some day, we need to initialize the name. We prevent reading back
	 * the name, and force the use of dev_name()
	 */
	if (dev->init_name) {
		dev_set_name(dev, "%s", dev->init_name);
		dev->init_name = NULL;
	}

	/* subsystems can specify simple device enumeration */
	if (!dev_name(dev) && dev->bus && dev->bus->dev_name)
		dev_set_name(dev, "%s%u", dev->bus->dev_name, dev->id);

	if (!dev_name(dev)) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto name_error;
	}

	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s\n", dev_name(dev), __func__);

	parent = get_device(dev->parent);
	kobj = get_device_parent(dev, parent);
	if (kobj)
		dev->kobj.parent = kobj;

	/* use parent numa_node */
	if (parent)
		set_dev_node(dev, dev_to_node(parent));

	/* first, register with generic layer. */
	/* we require the name to be set before, and pass NULL */
	error = kobject_add(&dev->kobj, dev->kobj.parent, NULL);
	if (error)
		goto Error;

	/* notify platform of device entry */
	if (platform_notify)
		platform_notify(dev);

	error = device_create_file(dev, &uevent_attr);
	if (error)
		goto attrError;

	if (MAJOR(dev->devt)) {
		error = device_create_file(dev, &devt_attr);
		if (error)
			goto ueventattrError;

		error = device_create_sys_dev_entry(dev);
		if (error)
			goto devtattrError;

		devtmpfs_create_node(dev);
	}

	error = device_add_class_symlinks(dev);
	if (error)
		goto SymlinkError;
	error = device_add_attrs(dev);
	if (error)
		goto AttrsError;
	error = bus_add_device(dev);
	if (error)
		goto BusError;
	error = dpm_sysfs_add(dev);
	if (error)
		goto DPMError;
	device_pm_add(dev);

	/* Notify clients of device addition.  This call must come
	 * after dpm_sysfs_add() and before kobject_uevent().
	 */
	if (dev->bus)
		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
					     BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE, dev);

	kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
	bus_probe_device(dev);
	if (parent)
		klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_parent,
			       &parent->p->klist_children);

	if (dev->class) {
		mutex_lock(&dev->class->p->mutex);
		/* tie the class to the device */
		klist_add_tail(&dev->knode_class,
			       &dev->class->p->klist_devices);

		/* notify any interfaces that the device is here */
		list_for_each_entry(class_intf,
				    &dev->class->p->interfaces, node)
			if (class_intf->add_dev)
				class_intf->add_dev(dev, class_intf);
		mutex_unlock(&dev->class->p->mutex);
	}
done:
	put_device(dev);
	return error;
 DPMError:
	bus_remove_device(dev);
 BusError:
	device_remove_attrs(dev);
 AttrsError:
	device_remove_class_symlinks(dev);
 SymlinkError:
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt))
		devtmpfs_delete_node(dev);
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt))
		device_remove_sys_dev_entry(dev);
 devtattrError:
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt))
		device_remove_file(dev, &devt_attr);
 ueventattrError:
	device_remove_file(dev, &uevent_attr);
 attrError:
	kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE);
	kobject_del(&dev->kobj);
 Error:
	cleanup_device_parent(dev);
	if (parent)
		put_device(parent);
name_error:
	kfree(dev->p);
	dev->p = NULL;
	goto done;
}

/**
 * device_register - register a device with the system.
 * @dev: pointer to the device structure
 *
 * This happens in two clean steps - initialize the device
 * and add it to the system. The two steps can be called
 * separately, but this is the easiest and most common.
 * I.e. you should only call the two helpers separately if
 * have a clearly defined need to use and refcount the device
 * before it is added to the hierarchy.
 *
 * For more information, see the kerneldoc for device_initialize()
 * and device_add().
 *
 * NOTE: _Never_ directly free @dev after calling this function, even
 * if it returned an error! Always use put_device() to give up the
 * reference initialized in this function instead.
 */
int device_register(struct device *dev)
{
	device_initialize(dev);
	return device_add(dev);
}

/**
 * get_device - increment reference count for device.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This simply forwards the call to kobject_get(), though
 * we do take care to provide for the case that we get a NULL
 * pointer passed in.
 */
struct device *get_device(struct device *dev)
{
	return dev ? to_dev(kobject_get(&dev->kobj)) : NULL;
}

/**
 * put_device - decrement reference count.
 * @dev: device in question.
 */
void put_device(struct device *dev)
{
	/* might_sleep(); */
	if (dev)
		kobject_put(&dev->kobj);
}

/**
 * device_del - delete device from system.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This is the first part of the device unregistration
 * sequence. This removes the device from the lists we control
 * from here, has it removed from the other driver model
 * subsystems it was added to in device_add(), and removes it
 * from the kobject hierarchy.
 *
 * NOTE: this should be called manually _iff_ device_add() was
 * also called manually.
 */
void device_del(struct device *dev)
{
	struct device *parent = dev->parent;
	struct class_interface *class_intf;

	/* Notify clients of device removal.  This call must come
	 * before dpm_sysfs_remove().
	 */
	if (dev->bus)
		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
					     BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE, dev);
	device_pm_remove(dev);
	dpm_sysfs_remove(dev);
	if (parent)
		klist_del(&dev->p->knode_parent);
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt)) {
		devtmpfs_delete_node(dev);
		device_remove_sys_dev_entry(dev);
		device_remove_file(dev, &devt_attr);
	}
	if (dev->class) {
		device_remove_class_symlinks(dev);

		mutex_lock(&dev->class->p->mutex);
		/* notify any interfaces that the device is now gone */
		list_for_each_entry(class_intf,
				    &dev->class->p->interfaces, node)
			if (class_intf->remove_dev)
				class_intf->remove_dev(dev, class_intf);
		/* remove the device from the class list */
		klist_del(&dev->knode_class);
		mutex_unlock(&dev->class->p->mutex);
	}
	device_remove_file(dev, &uevent_attr);
	device_remove_attrs(dev);
	bus_remove_device(dev);
	driver_deferred_probe_del(dev);

	/*
	 * Some platform devices are driven without driver attached
	 * and managed resources may have been acquired.  Make sure
	 * all resources are released.
	 */
	devres_release_all(dev);

	/* Notify the platform of the removal, in case they
	 * need to do anything...
	 */
	if (platform_notify_remove)
		platform_notify_remove(dev);
	kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE);
	cleanup_device_parent(dev);
	kobject_del(&dev->kobj);
	put_device(parent);
}

/**
 * device_unregister - unregister device from system.
 * @dev: device going away.
 *
 * We do this in two parts, like we do device_register(). First,
 * we remove it from all the subsystems with device_del(), then
 * we decrement the reference count via put_device(). If that
 * is the final reference count, the device will be cleaned up
 * via device_release() above. Otherwise, the structure will
 * stick around until the final reference to the device is dropped.
 */
void device_unregister(struct device *dev)
{
	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s\n", dev_name(dev), __func__);
	device_del(dev);
	put_device(dev);
}

static struct device *next_device(struct klist_iter *i)
{
	struct klist_node *n = klist_next(i);
	struct device *dev = NULL;
	struct device_private *p;

	if (n) {
		p = to_device_private_parent(n);
		dev = p->device;
	}
	return dev;
}

/**
 * device_get_devnode - path of device node file
 * @dev: device
 * @mode: returned file access mode
 * @tmp: possibly allocated string
 *
 * Return the relative path of a possible device node.
 * Non-default names may need to allocate a memory to compose
 * a name. This memory is returned in tmp and needs to be
 * freed by the caller.
 */
const char *device_get_devnode(struct device *dev,
			       umode_t *mode, const char **tmp)
{
	char *s;

	*tmp = NULL;

	/* the device type may provide a specific name */
	if (dev->type && dev->type->devnode)
		*tmp = dev->type->devnode(dev, mode);
	if (*tmp)
		return *tmp;

	/* the class may provide a specific name */
	if (dev->class && dev->class->devnode)
		*tmp = dev->class->devnode(dev, mode);
	if (*tmp)
		return *tmp;

	/* return name without allocation, tmp == NULL */
	if (strchr(dev_name(dev), '!') == NULL)
		return dev_name(dev);

	/* replace '!' in the name with '/' */
	*tmp = kstrdup(dev_name(dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!*tmp)
		return NULL;
	while ((s = strchr(*tmp, '!')))
		s[0] = '/';
	return *tmp;
}

/**
 * device_for_each_child - device child iterator.
 * @parent: parent struct device.
 * @data: data for the callback.
 * @fn: function to be called for each device.
 *
 * Iterate over @parent's child devices, and call @fn for each,
 * passing it @data.
 *
 * We check the return of @fn each time. If it returns anything
 * other than 0, we break out and return that value.
 */
int device_for_each_child(struct device *parent, void *data,
			  int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data))
{
	struct klist_iter i;
	struct device *child;
	int error = 0;

	if (!parent->p)
		return 0;

	klist_iter_init(&parent->p->klist_children, &i);
	while ((child = next_device(&i)) && !error)
		error = fn(child, data);
	klist_iter_exit(&i);
	return error;
}

/**
 * device_find_child - device iterator for locating a particular device.
 * @parent: parent struct device
 * @data: Data to pass to match function
 * @match: Callback function to check device
 *
 * This is similar to the device_for_each_child() function above, but it
 * returns a reference to a device that is 'found' for later use, as
 * determined by the @match callback.
 *
 * The callback should return 0 if the device doesn't match and non-zero
 * if it does.  If the callback returns non-zero and a reference to the
 * current device can be obtained, this function will return to the caller
 * and not iterate over any more devices.
 */
struct device *device_find_child(struct device *parent, void *data,
				 int (*match)(struct device *dev, void *data))
{
	struct klist_iter i;
	struct device *child;

	if (!parent)
		return NULL;

	klist_iter_init(&parent->p->klist_children, &i);
	while ((child = next_device(&i)))
		if (match(child, data) && get_device(child))
			break;
	klist_iter_exit(&i);
	return child;
}

int __init devices_init(void)
{
	devices_kset = kset_create_and_add("devices", &device_uevent_ops, NULL);
	if (!devices_kset)
		return -ENOMEM;
	dev_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("dev", NULL);
	if (!dev_kobj)
		goto dev_kobj_err;
	sysfs_dev_block_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("block", dev_kobj);
	if (!sysfs_dev_block_kobj)
		goto block_kobj_err;
	sysfs_dev_char_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("char", dev_kobj);
	if (!sysfs_dev_char_kobj)
		goto char_kobj_err;

	return 0;

 char_kobj_err:
	kobject_put(sysfs_dev_block_kobj);
 block_kobj_err:
	kobject_put(dev_kobj);
 dev_kobj_err:
	kset_unregister(devices_kset);
	return -ENOMEM;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_for_each_child);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_find_child);

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_initialize);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_add);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_register);

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_del);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_unregister);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_device);

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create_file);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_remove_file);

struct root_device {
	struct device dev;
	struct module *owner;
};

inline struct root_device *to_root_device(struct device *d)
{
	return container_of(d, struct root_device, dev);
}

static void root_device_release(struct device *dev)
{
	kfree(to_root_device(dev));
}

/**
 * __root_device_register - allocate and register a root device
 * @name: root device name
 * @owner: owner module of the root device, usually THIS_MODULE
 *
 * This function allocates a root device and registers it
 * using device_register(). In order to free the returned
 * device, use root_device_unregister().
 *
 * Root devices are dummy devices which allow other devices
 * to be grouped under /sys/devices. Use this function to
 * allocate a root device and then use it as the parent of
 * any device which should appear under /sys/devices/{name}
 *
 * The /sys/devices/{name} directory will also contain a
 * 'module' symlink which points to the @owner directory
 * in sysfs.
 *
 * Returns &struct device pointer on success, or ERR_PTR() on error.
 *
 * Note: You probably want to use root_device_register().
 */
struct device *__root_device_register(const char *name, struct module *owner)
{
	struct root_device *root;
	int err = -ENOMEM;

	root = kzalloc(sizeof(struct root_device), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!root)
		return ERR_PTR(err);

	err = dev_set_name(&root->dev, "%s", name);
	if (err) {
		kfree(root);
		return ERR_PTR(err);
	}

	root->dev.release = root_device_release;

	err = device_register(&root->dev);
	if (err) {
		put_device(&root->dev);
		return ERR_PTR(err);
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES	/* gotta find a "cleaner" way to do this */
	if (owner) {
		struct module_kobject *mk = &owner->mkobj;

		err = sysfs_create_link(&root->dev.kobj, &mk->kobj, "module");
		if (err) {
			device_unregister(&root->dev);
			return ERR_PTR(err);
		}
		root->owner = owner;
	}
#endif

	return &root->dev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__root_device_register);

/**
 * root_device_unregister - unregister and free a root device
 * @dev: device going away
 *
 * This function unregisters and cleans up a device that was created by
 * root_device_register().
 */
void root_device_unregister(struct device *dev)
{
	struct root_device *root = to_root_device(dev);

	if (root->owner)
		sysfs_remove_link(&root->dev.kobj, "module");

	device_unregister(dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(root_device_unregister);


static void device_create_release(struct device *dev)
{
	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s\n", dev_name(dev), __func__);
	kfree(dev);
}

/**
 * device_create_vargs - creates a device and registers it with sysfs
 * @class: pointer to the struct class that this device should be registered to
 * @parent: pointer to the parent struct device of this new device, if any
 * @devt: the dev_t for the char device to be added
 * @drvdata: the data to be added to the device for callbacks
 * @fmt: string for the device's name
 * @args: va_list for the device's name
 *
 * This function can be used by char device classes.  A struct device
 * will be created in sysfs, registered to the specified class.
 *
 * A "dev" file will be created, showing the dev_t for the device, if
 * the dev_t is not 0,0.
 * If a pointer to a parent struct device is passed in, the newly created
 * struct device will be a child of that device in sysfs.
 * The pointer to the struct device will be returned from the call.
 * Any further sysfs files that might be required can be created using this
 * pointer.
 *
 * Returns &struct device pointer on success, or ERR_PTR() on error.
 *
 * Note: the struct class passed to this function must have previously
 * been created with a call to class_create().
 */
struct device *device_create_vargs(struct class *class, struct device *parent,
				   dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const char *fmt,
				   va_list args)
{
	struct device *dev = NULL;
	int retval = -ENODEV;

	if (class == NULL || IS_ERR(class))
		goto error;

	dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev) {
		retval = -ENOMEM;
		goto error;
	}

	dev->devt = devt;
	dev->class = class;
	dev->parent = parent;
	dev->release = device_create_release;
	dev_set_drvdata(dev, drvdata);

	retval = kobject_set_name_vargs(&dev->kobj, fmt, args);
	if (retval)
		goto error;

	retval = device_register(dev);
	if (retval)
		goto error;

	return dev;

error:
	put_device(dev);
	return ERR_PTR(retval);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create_vargs);

/**
 * device_create - creates a device and registers it with sysfs
 * @class: pointer to the struct class that this device should be registered to
 * @parent: pointer to the parent struct device of this new device, if any
 * @devt: the dev_t for the char device to be added
 * @drvdata: the data to be added to the device for callbacks
 * @fmt: string for the device's name
 *
 * This function can be used by char device classes.  A struct device
 * will be created in sysfs, registered to the specified class.
 *
 * A "dev" file will be created, showing the dev_t for the device, if
 * the dev_t is not 0,0.
 * If a pointer to a parent struct device is passed in, the newly created
 * struct device will be a child of that device in sysfs.
 * The pointer to the struct device will be returned from the call.
 * Any further sysfs files that might be required can be created using this
 * pointer.
 *
 * Returns &struct device pointer on success, or ERR_PTR() on error.
 *
 * Note: the struct class passed to this function must have previously
 * been created with a call to class_create().
 */
struct device *device_create(struct class *class, struct device *parent,
			     dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list vargs;
	struct device *dev;

	va_start(vargs, fmt);
	dev = device_create_vargs(class, parent, devt, drvdata, fmt, vargs);
	va_end(vargs);
	return dev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create);

static int __match_devt(struct device *dev, void *data)
{
	dev_t *devt = data;

	return dev->devt == *devt;
}

/**
 * device_destroy - removes a device that was created with device_create()
 * @class: pointer to the struct class that this device was registered with
 * @devt: the dev_t of the device that was previously registered
 *
 * This call unregisters and cleans up a device that was created with a
 * call to device_create().
 */
void device_destroy(struct class *class, dev_t devt)
{
	struct device *dev;

	dev = class_find_device(class, NULL, &devt, __match_devt);
	if (dev) {
		put_device(dev);
		device_unregister(dev);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_destroy);

/**
 * device_rename - renames a device
 * @dev: the pointer to the struct device to be renamed
 * @new_name: the new name of the device
 *
 * It is the responsibility of the caller to provide mutual
 * exclusion between two different calls of device_rename
 * on the same device to ensure that new_name is valid and
 * won't conflict with other devices.
 *
 * Note: Don't call this function.  Currently, the networking layer calls this
 * function, but that will change.  The following text from Kay Sievers offers
 * some insight:
 *
 * Renaming devices is racy at many levels, symlinks and other stuff are not
 * replaced atomically, and you get a "move" uevent, but it's not easy to
 * connect the event to the old and new device. Device nodes are not renamed at
 * all, there isn't even support for that in the kernel now.
 *
 * In the meantime, during renaming, your target name might be taken by another
 * driver, creating conflicts. Or the old name is taken directly after you
 * renamed it -- then you get events for the same DEVPATH, before you even see
 * the "move" event. It's just a mess, and nothing new should ever rely on
 * kernel device renaming. Besides that, it's not even implemented now for
 * other things than (driver-core wise very simple) network devices.
 *
 * We are currently about to change network renaming in udev to completely
 * disallow renaming of devices in the same namespace as the kernel uses,
 * because we can't solve the problems properly, that arise with swapping names
 * of multiple interfaces without races. Means, renaming of eth[0-9]* will only
 * be allowed to some other name than eth[0-9]*, for the aforementioned
 * reasons.
 *
 * Make up a "real" name in the driver before you register anything, or add
 * some other attributes for userspace to find the device, or use udev to add
 * symlinks -- but never rename kernel devices later, it's a complete mess. We
 * don't even want to get into that and try to implement the missing pieces in
 * the core. We really have other pieces to fix in the driver core mess. :)
 */
int device_rename(struct device *dev, const char *new_name)
{
	char *old_class_name = NULL;
	char *new_class_name = NULL;
	char *old_device_name = NULL;
	int error;

	dev = get_device(dev);
	if (!dev)
		return -EINVAL;

	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: renaming to '%s'\n", dev_name(dev),
		 __func__, new_name);

	old_device_name = kstrdup(dev_name(dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!old_device_name) {
		error = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	if (dev->class) {
		error = sysfs_rename_link(&dev->class->p->subsys.kobj,
			&dev->kobj, old_device_name, new_name);
		if (error)
			goto out;
	}

	error = kobject_rename(&dev->kobj, new_name);
	if (error)
		goto out;

out:
	put_device(dev);

	kfree(new_class_name);
	kfree(old_class_name);
	kfree(old_device_name);

	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_rename);

static int device_move_class_links(struct device *dev,
				   struct device *old_parent,
				   struct device *new_parent)
{
	int error = 0;

	if (old_parent)
		sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "device");
	if (new_parent)
		error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &new_parent->kobj,
					  "device");
	return error;
}

/**
 * device_move - moves a device to a new parent
 * @dev: the pointer to the struct device to be moved
 * @new_parent: the new parent of the device (can by NULL)
 * @dpm_order: how to reorder the dpm_list
 */
int device_move(struct device *dev, struct device *new_parent,
		enum dpm_order dpm_order)
{
	int error;
	struct device *old_parent;
	struct kobject *new_parent_kobj;

	dev = get_device(dev);
	if (!dev)
		return -EINVAL;

	device_pm_lock();
	new_parent = get_device(new_parent);
	new_parent_kobj = get_device_parent(dev, new_parent);

	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: moving to '%s'\n", dev_name(dev),
		 __func__, new_parent ? dev_name(new_parent) : "<NULL>");
	error = kobject_move(&dev->kobj, new_parent_kobj);
	if (error) {
		cleanup_glue_dir(dev, new_parent_kobj);
		put_device(new_parent);
		goto out;
	}
	old_parent = dev->parent;
	dev->parent = new_parent;
	if (old_parent)
		klist_remove(&dev->p->knode_parent);
	if (new_parent) {
		klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_parent,
			       &new_parent->p->klist_children);
		set_dev_node(dev, dev_to_node(new_parent));
	}

	if (!dev->class)
		goto out_put;
	error = device_move_class_links(dev, old_parent, new_parent);
	if (error) {
		/* We ignore errors on cleanup since we're hosed anyway... */
		device_move_class_links(dev, new_parent, old_parent);
		if (!kobject_move(&dev->kobj, &old_parent->kobj)) {
			if (new_parent)
				klist_remove(&dev->p->knode_parent);
			dev->parent = old_parent;
			if (old_parent) {
				klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_parent,
					       &old_parent->p->klist_children);
				set_dev_node(dev, dev_to_node(old_parent));
			}
		}
		cleanup_glue_dir(dev, new_parent_kobj);
		put_device(new_parent);
		goto out;
	}
	switch (dpm_order) {
	case DPM_ORDER_NONE:
		break;
	case DPM_ORDER_DEV_AFTER_PARENT:
		device_pm_move_after(dev, new_parent);
		break;
	case DPM_ORDER_PARENT_BEFORE_DEV:
		device_pm_move_before(new_parent, dev);
		break;
	case DPM_ORDER_DEV_LAST:
		device_pm_move_last(dev);
		break;
	}
out_put:
	put_device(old_parent);
out:
	device_pm_unlock();
	put_device(dev);
	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_move);

/**
 * device_shutdown - call ->shutdown() on each device to shutdown.
 */
void device_shutdown(void)
{
	struct device *dev;

	spin_lock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
	/*
	 * Walk the devices list backward, shutting down each in turn.
	 * Beware that device unplug events may also start pulling
	 * devices offline, even as the system is shutting down.
	 */
	while (!list_empty(&devices_kset->list)) {
		dev = list_entry(devices_kset->list.prev, struct device,
				kobj.entry);
		get_device(dev);
		/*
		 * Make sure the device is off the kset list, in the
		 * event that dev->*->shutdown() doesn't remove it.
		 */
		list_del_init(&dev->kobj.entry);
		spin_unlock(&devices_kset->list_lock);

		/* Don't allow any more runtime suspends */
		pm_runtime_get_noresume(dev);
		pm_runtime_barrier(dev);

		if (dev->bus && dev->bus->shutdown) {
			dev_dbg(dev, "shutdown\n");
			dev->bus->shutdown(dev);
		} else if (dev->driver && dev->driver->shutdown) {
			dev_dbg(dev, "shutdown\n");
			dev->driver->shutdown(dev);
		}
		put_device(dev);

		spin_lock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
	}
	spin_unlock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
	async_synchronize_full();
}

/*
 * Device logging functions
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK

int __dev_printk(const char *level, const struct device *dev,
		 struct va_format *vaf)
{
	if (!dev)
		return printk("%s(NULL device *): %pV", level, vaf);

	return printk("%s%s %s: %pV",
		      level, dev_driver_string(dev), dev_name(dev), vaf);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__dev_printk);

int dev_printk(const char *level, const struct device *dev,
	       const char *fmt, ...)
{
	struct va_format vaf;
	va_list args;
	int r;

	va_start(args, fmt);

	vaf.fmt = fmt;
	vaf.va = &args;

	r = __dev_printk(level, dev, &vaf);
	va_end(args);

	return r;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dev_printk);

#define define_dev_printk_level(func, kern_level)		\
int func(const struct device *dev, const char *fmt, ...)	\
{								\
	struct va_format vaf;					\
	va_list args;						\
	int r;							\
								\
	va_start(args, fmt);					\
								\
	vaf.fmt = fmt;						\
	vaf.va = &args;						\
								\
	r = __dev_printk(kern_level, dev, &vaf);		\
	va_end(args);						\
								\
	return r;						\
}								\
EXPORT_SYMBOL(func);

define_dev_printk_level(dev_emerg, KERN_EMERG);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_alert, KERN_ALERT);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_crit, KERN_CRIT);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_err, KERN_ERR);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_warn, KERN_WARNING);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_notice, KERN_NOTICE);
define_dev_printk_level(_dev_info, KERN_INFO);

#endif