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#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/prctl.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/pm.h>
#include <linux/clockchips.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/stackprotector.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
#include <linux/cpuidle.h>
#include <trace/events/power.h>
#include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/syscalls.h>
#include <asm/idle.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/i387.h>
#include <asm/fpu-internal.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <asm/nmi.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned char, is_idle);
static ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_HEAD(idle_notifier);

void idle_notifier_register(struct notifier_block *n)
{
	atomic_notifier_chain_register(&idle_notifier, n);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idle_notifier_register);

void idle_notifier_unregister(struct notifier_block *n)
{
	atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(&idle_notifier, n);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idle_notifier_unregister);
#endif

struct kmem_cache *task_xstate_cachep;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(task_xstate_cachep);

int arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src)
{
	int ret;

	*dst = *src;
	if (fpu_allocated(&src->thread.fpu)) {
		memset(&dst->thread.fpu, 0, sizeof(dst->thread.fpu));
		ret = fpu_alloc(&dst->thread.fpu);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
		fpu_copy(&dst->thread.fpu, &src->thread.fpu);
	}
	return 0;
}

void free_thread_xstate(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	fpu_free(&tsk->thread.fpu);
}

void free_thread_info(struct thread_info *ti)
{
	free_thread_xstate(ti->task);
	free_pages((unsigned long)ti, THREAD_ORDER);
}

void arch_task_cache_init(void)
{
        task_xstate_cachep =
        	kmem_cache_create("task_xstate", xstate_size,
				  __alignof__(union thread_xstate),
				  SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
}

/*
 * Free current thread data structures etc..
 */
void exit_thread(void)
{
	struct task_struct *me = current;
	struct thread_struct *t = &me->thread;
	unsigned long *bp = t->io_bitmap_ptr;

	if (bp) {
		struct tss_struct *tss = &per_cpu(init_tss, get_cpu());

		t->io_bitmap_ptr = NULL;
		clear_thread_flag(TIF_IO_BITMAP);
		/*
		 * Careful, clear this in the TSS too:
		 */
		memset(tss->io_bitmap, 0xff, t->io_bitmap_max);
		t->io_bitmap_max = 0;
		put_cpu();
		kfree(bp);
	}
}

void show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	show_registers(regs);
	show_trace(NULL, regs, (unsigned long *)kernel_stack_pointer(regs), 0);
}

void show_regs_common(void)
{
	const char *vendor, *product, *board;

	vendor = dmi_get_system_info(DMI_SYS_VENDOR);
	if (!vendor)
		vendor = "";
	product = dmi_get_system_info(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME);
	if (!product)
		product = "";

	/* Board Name is optional */
	board = dmi_get_system_info(DMI_BOARD_NAME);

	printk(KERN_CONT "\n");
	printk(KERN_DEFAULT "Pid: %d, comm: %.20s %s %s %.*s",
		current->pid, current->comm, print_tainted(),
		init_utsname()->release,
		(int)strcspn(init_utsname()->version, " "),
		init_utsname()->version);
	printk(KERN_CONT " %s %s", vendor, product);
	if (board)
		printk(KERN_CONT "/%s", board);
	printk(KERN_CONT "\n");
}

void flush_thread(void)
{
	struct task_struct *tsk = current;

	flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
	memset(tsk->thread.tls_array, 0, sizeof(tsk->thread.tls_array));
	/*
	 * Forget coprocessor state..
	 */
	tsk->fpu_counter = 0;
	clear_fpu(tsk);
	clear_used_math();
}

static void hard_disable_TSC(void)
{
	write_cr4(read_cr4() | X86_CR4_TSD);
}

void disable_TSC(void)
{
	preempt_disable();
	if (!test_and_set_thread_flag(TIF_NOTSC))
		/*
		 * Must flip the CPU state synchronously with
		 * TIF_NOTSC in the current running context.
		 */
		hard_disable_TSC();
	preempt_enable();
}

static void hard_enable_TSC(void)
{
	write_cr4(read_cr4() & ~X86_CR4_TSD);
}

static void enable_TSC(void)
{
	preempt_disable();
	if (test_and_clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTSC))
		/*
		 * Must flip the CPU state synchronously with
		 * TIF_NOTSC in the current running context.
		 */
		hard_enable_TSC();
	preempt_enable();
}

int get_tsc_mode(unsigned long adr)
{
	unsigned int val;

	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NOTSC))
		val = PR_TSC_SIGSEGV;
	else
		val = PR_TSC_ENABLE;

	return put_user(val, (unsigned int __user *)adr);
}

int set_tsc_mode(unsigned int val)
{
	if (val == PR_TSC_SIGSEGV)
		disable_TSC();
	else if (val == PR_TSC_ENABLE)
		enable_TSC();
	else
		return -EINVAL;

	return 0;
}

void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p,
		      struct tss_struct *tss)
{
	struct thread_struct *prev, *next;

	prev = &prev_p->thread;
	next = &next_p->thread;

	if (test_tsk_thread_flag(prev_p, TIF_BLOCKSTEP) ^
	    test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_BLOCKSTEP)) {
		unsigned long debugctl = get_debugctlmsr();

		debugctl &= ~DEBUGCTLMSR_BTF;
		if (test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_BLOCKSTEP))
			debugctl |= DEBUGCTLMSR_BTF;

		update_debugctlmsr(debugctl);
	}

	if (test_tsk_thread_flag(prev_p, TIF_NOTSC) ^
	    test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_NOTSC)) {
		/* prev and next are different */
		if (test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_NOTSC))
			hard_disable_TSC();
		else
			hard_enable_TSC();
	}

	if (test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_IO_BITMAP)) {
		/*
		 * Copy the relevant range of the IO bitmap.
		 * Normally this is 128 bytes or less:
		 */
		memcpy(tss->io_bitmap, next->io_bitmap_ptr,
		       max(prev->io_bitmap_max, next->io_bitmap_max));
	} else if (test_tsk_thread_flag(prev_p, TIF_IO_BITMAP)) {
		/*
		 * Clear any possible leftover bits:
		 */
		memset(tss->io_bitmap, 0xff, prev->io_bitmap_max);
	}
	propagate_user_return_notify(prev_p, next_p);
}

int sys_fork(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	return do_fork(SIGCHLD, regs->sp, regs, 0, NULL, NULL);
}

/*
 * This is trivial, and on the face of it looks like it
 * could equally well be done in user mode.
 *
 * Not so, for quite unobvious reasons - register pressure.
 * In user mode vfork() cannot have a stack frame, and if
 * done by calling the "clone()" system call directly, you
 * do not have enough call-clobbered registers to hold all
 * the information you need.
 */
int sys_vfork(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	return do_fork(CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM | SIGCHLD, regs->sp, regs, 0,
		       NULL, NULL);
}

long
sys_clone(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long newsp,
	  void __user *parent_tid, void __user *child_tid, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	if (!newsp)
		newsp = regs->sp;
	return do_fork(clone_flags, newsp, regs, 0, parent_tid, child_tid);
}

/*
 * This gets run with %si containing the
 * function to call, and %di containing
 * the "args".
 */
extern void kernel_thread_helper(void);

/*
 * Create a kernel thread
 */
int kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags)
{
	struct pt_regs regs;

	memset(&regs, 0, sizeof(regs));

	regs.si = (unsigned long) fn;
	regs.di = (unsigned long) arg;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	regs.ds = __USER_DS;
	regs.es = __USER_DS;
	regs.fs = __KERNEL_PERCPU;
	regs.gs = __KERNEL_STACK_CANARY;
#else
	regs.ss = __KERNEL_DS;
#endif

	regs.orig_ax = -1;
	regs.ip = (unsigned long) kernel_thread_helper;
	regs.cs = __KERNEL_CS | get_kernel_rpl();
	regs.flags = X86_EFLAGS_IF | X86_EFLAGS_BIT1;

	/* Ok, create the new process.. */
	return do_fork(flags | CLONE_VM | CLONE_UNTRACED, 0, &regs, 0, NULL, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kernel_thread);

/*
 * sys_execve() executes a new program.
 */
long sys_execve(const char __user *name,
		const char __user *const __user *argv,
		const char __user *const __user *envp, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	long error;
	char *filename;

	filename = getname(name);
	error = PTR_ERR(filename);
	if (IS_ERR(filename))
		return error;
	error = do_execve(filename, argv, envp, regs);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (error == 0) {
		/* Make sure we don't return using sysenter.. */
                set_thread_flag(TIF_IRET);
        }
#endif

	putname(filename);
	return error;
}

/*
 * Idle related variables and functions
 */
unsigned long boot_option_idle_override = IDLE_NO_OVERRIDE;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(boot_option_idle_override);

/*
 * Powermanagement idle function, if any..
 */
void (*pm_idle)(void);
#ifdef CONFIG_APM_MODULE
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pm_idle);
#endif

static inline int hlt_use_halt(void)
{
	return 1;
}

#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
static inline void play_dead(void)
{
	BUG();
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
void enter_idle(void)
{
	percpu_write(is_idle, 1);
	atomic_notifier_call_chain(&idle_notifier, IDLE_START, NULL);
}

static void __exit_idle(void)
{
	if (x86_test_and_clear_bit_percpu(0, is_idle) == 0)
		return;
	atomic_notifier_call_chain(&idle_notifier, IDLE_END, NULL);
}

/* Called from interrupts to signify idle end */
void exit_idle(void)
{
	/* idle loop has pid 0 */
	if (current->pid)
		return;
	__exit_idle();
}
#endif

/*
 * The idle thread. There's no useful work to be
 * done, so just try to conserve power and have a
 * low exit latency (ie sit in a loop waiting for
 * somebody to say that they'd like to reschedule)
 */
void cpu_idle(void)
{
	/*
	 * If we're the non-boot CPU, nothing set the stack canary up
	 * for us.  CPU0 already has it initialized but no harm in
	 * doing it again.  This is a good place for updating it, as
	 * we wont ever return from this function (so the invalid
	 * canaries already on the stack wont ever trigger).
	 */
	boot_init_stack_canary();
	current_thread_info()->status |= TS_POLLING;

	while (1) {
		tick_nohz_idle_enter();

		while (!need_resched()) {
			rmb();

			if (cpu_is_offline(smp_processor_id()))
				play_dead();

			/*
			 * Idle routines should keep interrupts disabled
			 * from here on, until they go to idle.
			 * Otherwise, idle callbacks can misfire.
			 */
			local_touch_nmi();
			local_irq_disable();

			enter_idle();

			/* Don't trace irqs off for idle */
			stop_critical_timings();

			/* enter_idle() needs rcu for notifiers */
			rcu_idle_enter();

			if (cpuidle_idle_call())
				pm_idle();

			rcu_idle_exit();
			start_critical_timings();

			/* In many cases the interrupt that ended idle
			   has already called exit_idle. But some idle
			   loops can be woken up without interrupt. */
			__exit_idle();
		}

		tick_nohz_idle_exit();
		preempt_enable_no_resched();
		schedule();
		preempt_disable();
	}
}

/*
 * We use this if we don't have any better
 * idle routine..
 */
void default_idle(void)
{
	if (hlt_use_halt()) {
		trace_power_start_rcuidle(POWER_CSTATE, 1, smp_processor_id());
		trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(1, smp_processor_id());
		current_thread_info()->status &= ~TS_POLLING;
		/*
		 * TS_POLLING-cleared state must be visible before we
		 * test NEED_RESCHED:
		 */
		smp_mb();

		if (!need_resched())
			safe_halt();	/* enables interrupts racelessly */
		else
			local_irq_enable();
		current_thread_info()->status |= TS_POLLING;
		trace_power_end_rcuidle(smp_processor_id());
		trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(PWR_EVENT_EXIT, smp_processor_id());
	} else {
		local_irq_enable();
		/* loop is done by the caller */
		cpu_relax();
	}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_APM_MODULE
EXPORT_SYMBOL(default_idle);
#endif

bool set_pm_idle_to_default(void)
{
	bool ret = !!pm_idle;

	pm_idle = default_idle;

	return ret;
}
void stop_this_cpu(void *dummy)
{
	local_irq_disable();
	/*
	 * Remove this CPU:
	 */
	set_cpu_online(smp_processor_id(), false);
	disable_local_APIC();

	for (;;) {
		if (hlt_works(smp_processor_id()))
			halt();
	}
}

static void do_nothing(void *unused)
{
}

/*
 * cpu_idle_wait - Used to ensure that all the CPUs discard old value of
 * pm_idle and update to new pm_idle value. Required while changing pm_idle
 * handler on SMP systems.
 *
 * Caller must have changed pm_idle to the new value before the call. Old
 * pm_idle value will not be used by any CPU after the return of this function.
 */
void cpu_idle_wait(void)
{
	smp_mb();
	/* kick all the CPUs so that they exit out of pm_idle */
	smp_call_function(do_nothing, NULL, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpu_idle_wait);

/* Default MONITOR/MWAIT with no hints, used for default C1 state */
static void mwait_idle(void)
{
	if (!need_resched()) {
		trace_power_start_rcuidle(POWER_CSTATE, 1, smp_processor_id());
		trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(1, smp_processor_id());
		if (this_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSH_MONITOR))
			clflush((void *)&current_thread_info()->flags);

		__monitor((void *)&current_thread_info()->flags, 0, 0);
		smp_mb();
		if (!need_resched())
			__sti_mwait(0, 0);
		else
			local_irq_enable();
		trace_power_end_rcuidle(smp_processor_id());
		trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(PWR_EVENT_EXIT, smp_processor_id());
	} else
		local_irq_enable();
}

/*
 * On SMP it's slightly faster (but much more power-consuming!)
 * to poll the ->work.need_resched flag instead of waiting for the
 * cross-CPU IPI to arrive. Use this option with caution.
 */
static void poll_idle(void)
{
	trace_power_start_rcuidle(POWER_CSTATE, 0, smp_processor_id());
	trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(0, smp_processor_id());
	local_irq_enable();
	while (!need_resched())
		cpu_relax();
	trace_power_end_rcuidle(smp_processor_id());
	trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(PWR_EVENT_EXIT, smp_processor_id());
}

/*
 * mwait selection logic:
 *
 * It depends on the CPU. For AMD CPUs that support MWAIT this is
 * wrong. Family 0x10 and 0x11 CPUs will enter C1 on HLT. Powersavings
 * then depend on a clock divisor and current Pstate of the core. If
 * all cores of a processor are in halt state (C1) the processor can
 * enter the C1E (C1 enhanced) state. If mwait is used this will never
 * happen.
 *
 * idle=mwait overrides this decision and forces the usage of mwait.
 */

#define MWAIT_INFO			0x05
#define MWAIT_ECX_EXTENDED_INFO		0x01
#define MWAIT_EDX_C1			0xf0

int mwait_usable(const struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
	u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx;

	if (boot_option_idle_override == IDLE_FORCE_MWAIT)
		return 1;

	if (c->cpuid_level < MWAIT_INFO)
		return 0;

	cpuid(MWAIT_INFO, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
	/* Check, whether EDX has extended info about MWAIT */
	if (!(ecx & MWAIT_ECX_EXTENDED_INFO))
		return 1;

	/*
	 * edx enumeratios MONITOR/MWAIT extensions. Check, whether
	 * C1  supports MWAIT
	 */
	return (edx & MWAIT_EDX_C1);
}

bool amd_e400_c1e_detected;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(amd_e400_c1e_detected);

static cpumask_var_t amd_e400_c1e_mask;

void amd_e400_remove_cpu(int cpu)
{
	if (amd_e400_c1e_mask != NULL)
		cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, amd_e400_c1e_mask);
}

/*
 * AMD Erratum 400 aware idle routine. We check for C1E active in the interrupt
 * pending message MSR. If we detect C1E, then we handle it the same
 * way as C3 power states (local apic timer and TSC stop)
 */
static void amd_e400_idle(void)
{
	if (need_resched())
		return;

	if (!amd_e400_c1e_detected) {
		u32 lo, hi;

		rdmsr(MSR_K8_INT_PENDING_MSG, lo, hi);

		if (lo & K8_INTP_C1E_ACTIVE_MASK) {
			amd_e400_c1e_detected = true;
			if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_NONSTOP_TSC))
				mark_tsc_unstable("TSC halt in AMD C1E");
			printk(KERN_INFO "System has AMD C1E enabled\n");
		}
	}

	if (amd_e400_c1e_detected) {
		int cpu = smp_processor_id();

		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, amd_e400_c1e_mask)) {
			cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, amd_e400_c1e_mask);
			/*
			 * Force broadcast so ACPI can not interfere.
			 */
			clockevents_notify(CLOCK_EVT_NOTIFY_BROADCAST_FORCE,
					   &cpu);
			printk(KERN_INFO "Switch to broadcast mode on CPU%d\n",
			       cpu);
		}
		clockevents_notify(CLOCK_EVT_NOTIFY_BROADCAST_ENTER, &cpu);

		default_idle();

		/*
		 * The switch back from broadcast mode needs to be
		 * called with interrupts disabled.
		 */
		 local_irq_disable();
		 clockevents_notify(CLOCK_EVT_NOTIFY_BROADCAST_EXIT, &cpu);
		 local_irq_enable();
	} else
		default_idle();
}

void __cpuinit select_idle_routine(const struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	if (pm_idle == poll_idle && smp_num_siblings > 1) {
		printk_once(KERN_WARNING "WARNING: polling idle and HT enabled,"
			" performance may degrade.\n");
	}
#endif
	if (pm_idle)
		return;

	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_MWAIT) && mwait_usable(c)) {
		/*
		 * One CPU supports mwait => All CPUs supports mwait
		 */
		printk(KERN_INFO "using mwait in idle threads.\n");
		pm_idle = mwait_idle;
	} else if (cpu_has_amd_erratum(amd_erratum_400)) {
		/* E400: APIC timer interrupt does not wake up CPU from C1e */
		printk(KERN_INFO "using AMD E400 aware idle routine\n");
		pm_idle = amd_e400_idle;
	} else
		pm_idle = default_idle;
}

void __init init_amd_e400_c1e_mask(void)
{
	/* If we're using amd_e400_idle, we need to allocate amd_e400_c1e_mask. */
	if (pm_idle == amd_e400_idle)
		zalloc_cpumask_var(&amd_e400_c1e_mask, GFP_KERNEL);
}

static int __init idle_setup(char *str)
{
	if (!str)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!strcmp(str, "poll")) {
		printk("using polling idle threads.\n");
		pm_idle = poll_idle;
		boot_option_idle_override = IDLE_POLL;
	} else if (!strcmp(str, "mwait")) {
		boot_option_idle_override = IDLE_FORCE_MWAIT;
		WARN_ONCE(1, "\"idle=mwait\" will be removed in 2012\n");
	} else if (!strcmp(str, "halt")) {
		/*
		 * When the boot option of idle=halt is added, halt is
		 * forced to be used for CPU idle. In such case CPU C2/C3
		 * won't be used again.
		 * To continue to load the CPU idle driver, don't touch
		 * the boot_option_idle_override.
		 */
		pm_idle = default_idle;
		boot_option_idle_override = IDLE_HALT;
	} else if (!strcmp(str, "nomwait")) {
		/*
		 * If the boot option of "idle=nomwait" is added,
		 * it means that mwait will be disabled for CPU C2/C3
		 * states. In such case it won't touch the variable
		 * of boot_option_idle_override.
		 */
		boot_option_idle_override = IDLE_NOMWAIT;
	} else
		return -1;

	return 0;
}
early_param("idle", idle_setup);

unsigned long arch_align_stack(unsigned long sp)
{
	if (!(current->personality & ADDR_NO_RANDOMIZE) && randomize_va_space)
		sp -= get_random_int() % 8192;
	return sp & ~0xf;
}

unsigned long arch_randomize_brk(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	unsigned long range_end = mm->brk + 0x02000000;
	return randomize_range(mm->brk, range_end, 0) ? : mm->brk;
}