Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
/*
 * Surface2.0/SUR40/PixelSense input driver
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2013 by Florian 'floe' Echtler <floe@butterbrot.org>
 *
 * Derived from the USB Skeleton driver 1.1,
 * Copyright (c) 2003 Greg Kroah-Hartman (greg@kroah.com)
 *
 * and from the Apple USB BCM5974 multitouch driver,
 * Copyright (c) 2008 Henrik Rydberg (rydberg@euromail.se)
 *
 * and from the generic hid-multitouch driver,
 * Copyright (c) 2010-2012 Stephane Chatty <chatty@enac.fr>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/printk.h>
#include <linux/input-polldev.h>
#include <linux/input/mt.h>
#include <linux/usb/input.h>

/* read 512 bytes from endpoint 0x86 -> get header + blobs */
struct sur40_header {

	__le16 type;       /* always 0x0001 */
	__le16 count;      /* count of blobs (if 0: continue prev. packet) */

	__le32 packet_id;  /* unique ID for all packets in one frame */

	__le32 timestamp;  /* milliseconds (inc. by 16 or 17 each frame) */
	__le32 unknown;    /* "epoch?" always 02/03 00 00 00 */

} __packed;

struct sur40_blob {

	__le16 blob_id;

	u8 action;         /* 0x02 = enter/exit, 0x03 = update (?) */
	u8 unknown;        /* always 0x01 or 0x02 (no idea what this is?) */

	__le16 bb_pos_x;   /* upper left corner of bounding box */
	__le16 bb_pos_y;

	__le16 bb_size_x;  /* size of bounding box */
	__le16 bb_size_y;

	__le16 pos_x;      /* finger tip position */
	__le16 pos_y;

	__le16 ctr_x;      /* centroid position */
	__le16 ctr_y;

	__le16 axis_x;     /* somehow related to major/minor axis, mostly: */
	__le16 axis_y;     /* axis_x == bb_size_y && axis_y == bb_size_x */

	__le32 angle;      /* orientation in radians relative to x axis -
	                      actually an IEEE754 float, don't use in kernel */

	__le32 area;       /* size in pixels/pressure (?) */

	u8 padding[32];

} __packed;

/* combined header/blob data */
struct sur40_data {
	struct sur40_header header;
	struct sur40_blob   blobs[];
} __packed;


/* version information */
#define DRIVER_SHORT   "sur40"
#define DRIVER_AUTHOR  "Florian 'floe' Echtler <floe@butterbrot.org>"
#define DRIVER_DESC    "Surface2.0/SUR40/PixelSense input driver"

/* vendor and device IDs */
#define ID_MICROSOFT 0x045e
#define ID_SUR40     0x0775

/* sensor resolution */
#define SENSOR_RES_X 1920
#define SENSOR_RES_Y 1080

/* touch data endpoint */
#define TOUCH_ENDPOINT 0x86

/* polling interval (ms) */
#define POLL_INTERVAL 10

/* maximum number of contacts FIXME: this is a guess? */
#define MAX_CONTACTS 64

/* control commands */
#define SUR40_GET_VERSION 0xb0 /* 12 bytes string    */
#define SUR40_UNKNOWN1    0xb3 /*  5 bytes           */
#define SUR40_UNKNOWN2    0xc1 /* 24 bytes           */

#define SUR40_GET_STATE   0xc5 /*  4 bytes state (?) */
#define SUR40_GET_SENSORS 0xb1 /*  8 bytes sensors   */

/*
 * Note: an earlier, non-public version of this driver used USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT
 * here by mistake which is very likely to have corrupted the firmware EEPROM
 * on two separate SUR40 devices. Thanks to Alan Stern who spotted this bug.
 * Should you ever run into a similar problem, the background story to this
 * incident and instructions on how to fix the corrupted EEPROM are available
 * at https://floe.butterbrot.org/matrix/hacking/surface/brick.html
*/

struct sur40_state {

	struct usb_device *usbdev;
	struct device *dev;
	struct input_polled_dev *input;

	struct sur40_data *bulk_in_buffer;
	size_t bulk_in_size;
	u8 bulk_in_epaddr;

	char phys[64];
};

static int sur40_command(struct sur40_state *dev,
			 u8 command, u16 index, void *buffer, u16 size)
{
	return usb_control_msg(dev->usbdev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev->usbdev, 0),
			       command,
			       USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_DEVICE | USB_DIR_IN,
			       0x00, index, buffer, size, 1000);
}

/* Initialization routine, called from sur40_open */
static int sur40_init(struct sur40_state *dev)
{
	int result;
	u8 buffer[24];

	/* stupidly replay the original MS driver init sequence */
	result = sur40_command(dev, SUR40_GET_VERSION, 0x00, buffer, 12);
	if (result < 0)
		return result;

	result = sur40_command(dev, SUR40_GET_VERSION, 0x01, buffer, 12);
	if (result < 0)
		return result;

	result = sur40_command(dev, SUR40_GET_VERSION, 0x02, buffer, 12);
	if (result < 0)
		return result;

	result = sur40_command(dev, SUR40_UNKNOWN2,    0x00, buffer, 24);
	if (result < 0)
		return result;

	result = sur40_command(dev, SUR40_UNKNOWN1,    0x00, buffer,  5);
	if (result < 0)
		return result;

	result = sur40_command(dev, SUR40_GET_VERSION, 0x03, buffer, 12);

	/*
	 * Discard the result buffer - no known data inside except
	 * some version strings, maybe extract these sometime...
	 */

	return result;
}

/*
 * Callback routines from input_polled_dev
 */

/* Enable the device, polling will now start. */
static void sur40_open(struct input_polled_dev *polldev)
{
	struct sur40_state *sur40 = polldev->private;

	dev_dbg(sur40->dev, "open\n");
	sur40_init(sur40);
}

/* Disable device, polling has stopped. */
static void sur40_close(struct input_polled_dev *polldev)
{
	struct sur40_state *sur40 = polldev->private;

	dev_dbg(sur40->dev, "close\n");
	/*
	 * There is no known way to stop the device, so we simply
	 * stop polling.
	 */
}

/*
 * This function is called when a whole contact has been processed,
 * so that it can assign it to a slot and store the data there.
 */
static void sur40_report_blob(struct sur40_blob *blob, struct input_dev *input)
{
	int wide, major, minor;

	int bb_size_x = le16_to_cpu(blob->bb_size_x);
	int bb_size_y = le16_to_cpu(blob->bb_size_y);

	int pos_x = le16_to_cpu(blob->pos_x);
	int pos_y = le16_to_cpu(blob->pos_y);

	int ctr_x = le16_to_cpu(blob->ctr_x);
	int ctr_y = le16_to_cpu(blob->ctr_y);

	int slotnum = input_mt_get_slot_by_key(input, blob->blob_id);
	if (slotnum < 0 || slotnum >= MAX_CONTACTS)
		return;

	input_mt_slot(input, slotnum);
	input_mt_report_slot_state(input, MT_TOOL_FINGER, 1);
	wide = (bb_size_x > bb_size_y);
	major = max(bb_size_x, bb_size_y);
	minor = min(bb_size_x, bb_size_y);

	input_report_abs(input, ABS_MT_POSITION_X, pos_x);
	input_report_abs(input, ABS_MT_POSITION_Y, pos_y);
	input_report_abs(input, ABS_MT_TOOL_X, ctr_x);
	input_report_abs(input, ABS_MT_TOOL_Y, ctr_y);

	/* TODO: use a better orientation measure */
	input_report_abs(input, ABS_MT_ORIENTATION, wide);
	input_report_abs(input, ABS_MT_TOUCH_MAJOR, major);
	input_report_abs(input, ABS_MT_TOUCH_MINOR, minor);
}

/* core function: poll for new input data */
static void sur40_poll(struct input_polled_dev *polldev)
{

	struct sur40_state *sur40 = polldev->private;
	struct input_dev *input = polldev->input;
	int result, bulk_read, need_blobs, packet_blobs, i;
	u32 uninitialized_var(packet_id);

	struct sur40_header *header = &sur40->bulk_in_buffer->header;
	struct sur40_blob *inblob = &sur40->bulk_in_buffer->blobs[0];

	dev_dbg(sur40->dev, "poll\n");

	need_blobs = -1;

	do {

		/* perform a blocking bulk read to get data from the device */
		result = usb_bulk_msg(sur40->usbdev,
			usb_rcvbulkpipe(sur40->usbdev, sur40->bulk_in_epaddr),
			sur40->bulk_in_buffer, sur40->bulk_in_size,
			&bulk_read, 1000);

		dev_dbg(sur40->dev, "received %d bytes\n", bulk_read);

		if (result < 0) {
			dev_err(sur40->dev, "error in usb_bulk_read\n");
			return;
		}

		result = bulk_read - sizeof(struct sur40_header);

		if (result % sizeof(struct sur40_blob) != 0) {
			dev_err(sur40->dev, "transfer size mismatch\n");
			return;
		}

		/* first packet? */
		if (need_blobs == -1) {
			need_blobs = le16_to_cpu(header->count);
			dev_dbg(sur40->dev, "need %d blobs\n", need_blobs);
			packet_id = le32_to_cpu(header->packet_id);
		}

		/*
		 * Sanity check. when video data is also being retrieved, the
		 * packet ID will usually increase in the middle of a series
		 * instead of at the end.
		 */
		if (packet_id != header->packet_id)
			dev_warn(sur40->dev, "packet ID mismatch\n");

		packet_blobs = result / sizeof(struct sur40_blob);
		dev_dbg(sur40->dev, "received %d blobs\n", packet_blobs);

		/* packets always contain at least 4 blobs, even if empty */
		if (packet_blobs > need_blobs)
			packet_blobs = need_blobs;

		for (i = 0; i < packet_blobs; i++) {
			need_blobs--;
			dev_dbg(sur40->dev, "processing blob\n");
			sur40_report_blob(&(inblob[i]), input);
		}

	} while (need_blobs > 0);

	input_mt_sync_frame(input);
	input_sync(input);
}

/* Initialize input device parameters. */
static void sur40_input_setup(struct input_dev *input_dev)
{
	__set_bit(EV_KEY, input_dev->evbit);
	__set_bit(EV_ABS, input_dev->evbit);

	input_set_abs_params(input_dev, ABS_MT_POSITION_X,
			     0, SENSOR_RES_X, 0, 0);
	input_set_abs_params(input_dev, ABS_MT_POSITION_Y,
			     0, SENSOR_RES_Y, 0, 0);

	input_set_abs_params(input_dev, ABS_MT_TOOL_X,
			     0, SENSOR_RES_X, 0, 0);
	input_set_abs_params(input_dev, ABS_MT_TOOL_Y,
			     0, SENSOR_RES_Y, 0, 0);

	/* max value unknown, but major/minor axis
	 * can never be larger than screen */
	input_set_abs_params(input_dev, ABS_MT_TOUCH_MAJOR,
			     0, SENSOR_RES_X, 0, 0);
	input_set_abs_params(input_dev, ABS_MT_TOUCH_MINOR,
			     0, SENSOR_RES_Y, 0, 0);

	input_set_abs_params(input_dev, ABS_MT_ORIENTATION, 0, 1, 0, 0);

	input_mt_init_slots(input_dev, MAX_CONTACTS,
			    INPUT_MT_DIRECT | INPUT_MT_DROP_UNUSED);
}

/* Check candidate USB interface. */
static int sur40_probe(struct usb_interface *interface,
		       const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
	struct usb_device *usbdev = interface_to_usbdev(interface);
	struct sur40_state *sur40;
	struct usb_host_interface *iface_desc;
	struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *endpoint;
	struct input_polled_dev *poll_dev;
	int error;

	/* Check if we really have the right interface. */
	iface_desc = &interface->altsetting[0];
	if (iface_desc->desc.bInterfaceClass != 0xFF)
		return -ENODEV;

	/* Use endpoint #4 (0x86). */
	endpoint = &iface_desc->endpoint[4].desc;
	if (endpoint->bEndpointAddress != TOUCH_ENDPOINT)
		return -ENODEV;

	/* Allocate memory for our device state and initialize it. */
	sur40 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct sur40_state), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!sur40)
		return -ENOMEM;

	poll_dev = input_allocate_polled_device();
	if (!poll_dev) {
		error = -ENOMEM;
		goto err_free_dev;
	}

	/* Set up polled input device control structure */
	poll_dev->private = sur40;
	poll_dev->poll_interval = POLL_INTERVAL;
	poll_dev->open = sur40_open;
	poll_dev->poll = sur40_poll;
	poll_dev->close = sur40_close;

	/* Set up regular input device structure */
	sur40_input_setup(poll_dev->input);

	poll_dev->input->name = "Samsung SUR40";
	usb_to_input_id(usbdev, &poll_dev->input->id);
	usb_make_path(usbdev, sur40->phys, sizeof(sur40->phys));
	strlcat(sur40->phys, "/input0", sizeof(sur40->phys));
	poll_dev->input->phys = sur40->phys;
	poll_dev->input->dev.parent = &interface->dev;

	sur40->usbdev = usbdev;
	sur40->dev = &interface->dev;
	sur40->input = poll_dev;

	/* use the bulk-in endpoint tested above */
	sur40->bulk_in_size = usb_endpoint_maxp(endpoint);
	sur40->bulk_in_epaddr = endpoint->bEndpointAddress;
	sur40->bulk_in_buffer = kmalloc(sur40->bulk_in_size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!sur40->bulk_in_buffer) {
		dev_err(&interface->dev, "Unable to allocate input buffer.");
		error = -ENOMEM;
		goto err_free_polldev;
	}

	error = input_register_polled_device(poll_dev);
	if (error) {
		dev_err(&interface->dev,
			"Unable to register polled input device.");
		goto err_free_buffer;
	}

	/* we can register the device now, as it is ready */
	usb_set_intfdata(interface, sur40);
	dev_dbg(&interface->dev, "%s is now attached\n", DRIVER_DESC);

	return 0;

err_free_buffer:
	kfree(sur40->bulk_in_buffer);
err_free_polldev:
	input_free_polled_device(sur40->input);
err_free_dev:
	kfree(sur40);

	return error;
}

/* Unregister device & clean up. */
static void sur40_disconnect(struct usb_interface *interface)
{
	struct sur40_state *sur40 = usb_get_intfdata(interface);

	input_unregister_polled_device(sur40->input);
	input_free_polled_device(sur40->input);
	kfree(sur40->bulk_in_buffer);
	kfree(sur40);

	usb_set_intfdata(interface, NULL);
	dev_dbg(&interface->dev, "%s is now disconnected\n", DRIVER_DESC);
}

static const struct usb_device_id sur40_table[] = {
	{ USB_DEVICE(ID_MICROSOFT, ID_SUR40) },  /* Samsung SUR40 */
	{ }                                      /* terminating null entry */
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, sur40_table);

/* USB-specific object needed to register this driver with the USB subsystem. */
static struct usb_driver sur40_driver = {
	.name = DRIVER_SHORT,
	.probe = sur40_probe,
	.disconnect = sur40_disconnect,
	.id_table = sur40_table,
};

module_usb_driver(sur40_driver);

MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");