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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2013 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>

#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4/ip_tables.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/xt_SYNPROXY.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_seqadj.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_synproxy.h>

static struct iphdr *
synproxy_build_ip(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 saddr, u32 daddr)
{
	struct iphdr *iph;

	skb_reset_network_header(skb);
	iph = (struct iphdr *)skb_put(skb, sizeof(*iph));
	iph->version	= 4;
	iph->ihl	= sizeof(*iph) / 4;
	iph->tos	= 0;
	iph->id		= 0;
	iph->frag_off	= htons(IP_DF);
	iph->ttl	= sysctl_ip_default_ttl;
	iph->protocol	= IPPROTO_TCP;
	iph->check	= 0;
	iph->saddr	= saddr;
	iph->daddr	= daddr;

	return iph;
}

static void
synproxy_send_tcp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *nskb,
		  struct nf_conntrack *nfct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo,
		  struct iphdr *niph, struct tcphdr *nth,
		  unsigned int tcp_hdr_size)
{
	nth->check = ~tcp_v4_check(tcp_hdr_size, niph->saddr, niph->daddr, 0);
	nskb->ip_summed   = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
	nskb->csum_start  = (unsigned char *)nth - nskb->head;
	nskb->csum_offset = offsetof(struct tcphdr, check);

	skb_dst_set_noref(nskb, skb_dst(skb));
	nskb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IP);
	if (ip_route_me_harder(nskb, RTN_UNSPEC))
		goto free_nskb;

	if (nfct) {
		nskb->nfct = nfct;
		nskb->nfctinfo = ctinfo;
		nf_conntrack_get(nfct);
	}

	ip_local_out(nskb);
	return;

free_nskb:
	kfree_skb(nskb);
}

static void
synproxy_send_client_synack(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th,
			    const struct synproxy_options *opts)
{
	struct sk_buff *nskb;
	struct iphdr *iph, *niph;
	struct tcphdr *nth;
	unsigned int tcp_hdr_size;
	u16 mss = opts->mss;

	iph = ip_hdr(skb);

	tcp_hdr_size = sizeof(*nth) + synproxy_options_size(opts);
	nskb = alloc_skb(sizeof(*niph) + tcp_hdr_size + MAX_TCP_HEADER,
			 GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (nskb == NULL)
		return;
	skb_reserve(nskb, MAX_TCP_HEADER);

	niph = synproxy_build_ip(nskb, iph->daddr, iph->saddr);

	skb_reset_transport_header(nskb);
	nth = (struct tcphdr *)skb_put(nskb, tcp_hdr_size);
	nth->source	= th->dest;
	nth->dest	= th->source;
	nth->seq	= htonl(__cookie_v4_init_sequence(iph, th, &mss));
	nth->ack_seq	= htonl(ntohl(th->seq) + 1);
	tcp_flag_word(nth) = TCP_FLAG_SYN | TCP_FLAG_ACK;
	if (opts->options & XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_ECN)
		tcp_flag_word(nth) |= TCP_FLAG_ECE;
	nth->doff	= tcp_hdr_size / 4;
	nth->window	= 0;
	nth->check	= 0;
	nth->urg_ptr	= 0;

	synproxy_build_options(nth, opts);

	synproxy_send_tcp(skb, nskb, skb->nfct, IP_CT_ESTABLISHED_REPLY,
			  niph, nth, tcp_hdr_size);
}

static void
synproxy_send_server_syn(const struct synproxy_net *snet,
			 const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th,
			 const struct synproxy_options *opts, u32 recv_seq)
{
	struct sk_buff *nskb;
	struct iphdr *iph, *niph;
	struct tcphdr *nth;
	unsigned int tcp_hdr_size;

	iph = ip_hdr(skb);

	tcp_hdr_size = sizeof(*nth) + synproxy_options_size(opts);
	nskb = alloc_skb(sizeof(*niph) + tcp_hdr_size + MAX_TCP_HEADER,
			 GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (nskb == NULL)
		return;
	skb_reserve(nskb, MAX_TCP_HEADER);

	niph = synproxy_build_ip(nskb, iph->saddr, iph->daddr);

	skb_reset_transport_header(nskb);
	nth = (struct tcphdr *)skb_put(nskb, tcp_hdr_size);
	nth->source	= th->source;
	nth->dest	= th->dest;
	nth->seq	= htonl(recv_seq - 1);
	/* ack_seq is used to relay our ISN to the synproxy hook to initialize
	 * sequence number translation once a connection tracking entry exists.
	 */
	nth->ack_seq	= htonl(ntohl(th->ack_seq) - 1);
	tcp_flag_word(nth) = TCP_FLAG_SYN;
	if (opts->options & XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_ECN)
		tcp_flag_word(nth) |= TCP_FLAG_ECE | TCP_FLAG_CWR;
	nth->doff	= tcp_hdr_size / 4;
	nth->window	= th->window;
	nth->check	= 0;
	nth->urg_ptr	= 0;

	synproxy_build_options(nth, opts);

	synproxy_send_tcp(skb, nskb, &snet->tmpl->ct_general, IP_CT_NEW,
			  niph, nth, tcp_hdr_size);
}

static void
synproxy_send_server_ack(const struct synproxy_net *snet,
			 const struct ip_ct_tcp *state,
			 const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th,
			 const struct synproxy_options *opts)
{
	struct sk_buff *nskb;
	struct iphdr *iph, *niph;
	struct tcphdr *nth;
	unsigned int tcp_hdr_size;

	iph = ip_hdr(skb);

	tcp_hdr_size = sizeof(*nth) + synproxy_options_size(opts);
	nskb = alloc_skb(sizeof(*niph) + tcp_hdr_size + MAX_TCP_HEADER,
			 GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (nskb == NULL)
		return;
	skb_reserve(nskb, MAX_TCP_HEADER);

	niph = synproxy_build_ip(nskb, iph->daddr, iph->saddr);

	skb_reset_transport_header(nskb);
	nth = (struct tcphdr *)skb_put(nskb, tcp_hdr_size);
	nth->source	= th->dest;
	nth->dest	= th->source;
	nth->seq	= htonl(ntohl(th->ack_seq));
	nth->ack_seq	= htonl(ntohl(th->seq) + 1);
	tcp_flag_word(nth) = TCP_FLAG_ACK;
	nth->doff	= tcp_hdr_size / 4;
	nth->window	= htons(state->seen[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].td_maxwin);
	nth->check	= 0;
	nth->urg_ptr	= 0;

	synproxy_build_options(nth, opts);

	synproxy_send_tcp(skb, nskb, NULL, 0, niph, nth, tcp_hdr_size);
}

static void
synproxy_send_client_ack(const struct synproxy_net *snet,
			 const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th,
			 const struct synproxy_options *opts)
{
	struct sk_buff *nskb;
	struct iphdr *iph, *niph;
	struct tcphdr *nth;
	unsigned int tcp_hdr_size;

	iph = ip_hdr(skb);

	tcp_hdr_size = sizeof(*nth) + synproxy_options_size(opts);
	nskb = alloc_skb(sizeof(*niph) + tcp_hdr_size + MAX_TCP_HEADER,
			 GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (nskb == NULL)
		return;
	skb_reserve(nskb, MAX_TCP_HEADER);

	niph = synproxy_build_ip(nskb, iph->saddr, iph->daddr);

	skb_reset_transport_header(nskb);
	nth = (struct tcphdr *)skb_put(nskb, tcp_hdr_size);
	nth->source	= th->source;
	nth->dest	= th->dest;
	nth->seq	= htonl(ntohl(th->seq) + 1);
	nth->ack_seq	= th->ack_seq;
	tcp_flag_word(nth) = TCP_FLAG_ACK;
	nth->doff	= tcp_hdr_size / 4;
	nth->window	= ntohs(htons(th->window) >> opts->wscale);
	nth->check	= 0;
	nth->urg_ptr	= 0;

	synproxy_build_options(nth, opts);

	synproxy_send_tcp(skb, nskb, NULL, 0, niph, nth, tcp_hdr_size);
}

static bool
synproxy_recv_client_ack(const struct synproxy_net *snet,
			 const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th,
			 struct synproxy_options *opts, u32 recv_seq)
{
	int mss;

	mss = __cookie_v4_check(ip_hdr(skb), th, ntohl(th->ack_seq) - 1);
	if (mss == 0) {
		this_cpu_inc(snet->stats->cookie_invalid);
		return false;
	}

	this_cpu_inc(snet->stats->cookie_valid);
	opts->mss = mss;
	opts->options |= XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_MSS;

	if (opts->options & XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_TIMESTAMP)
		synproxy_check_timestamp_cookie(opts);

	synproxy_send_server_syn(snet, skb, th, opts, recv_seq);
	return true;
}

static unsigned int
synproxy_tg4(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *par)
{
	const struct xt_synproxy_info *info = par->targinfo;
	struct synproxy_net *snet = synproxy_pernet(dev_net(par->in));
	struct synproxy_options opts = {};
	struct tcphdr *th, _th;

	if (nf_ip_checksum(skb, par->hooknum, par->thoff, IPPROTO_TCP))
		return NF_DROP;

	th = skb_header_pointer(skb, par->thoff, sizeof(_th), &_th);
	if (th == NULL)
		return NF_DROP;

	if (!synproxy_parse_options(skb, par->thoff, th, &opts))
		return NF_DROP;

	if (th->syn && !(th->ack || th->fin || th->rst)) {
		/* Initial SYN from client */
		this_cpu_inc(snet->stats->syn_received);

		if (th->ece && th->cwr)
			opts.options |= XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_ECN;

		opts.options &= info->options;
		if (opts.options & XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_TIMESTAMP)
			synproxy_init_timestamp_cookie(info, &opts);
		else
			opts.options &= ~(XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_WSCALE |
					  XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_SACK_PERM |
					  XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_ECN);

		synproxy_send_client_synack(skb, th, &opts);
		return NF_DROP;

	} else if (th->ack && !(th->fin || th->rst || th->syn)) {
		/* ACK from client */
		synproxy_recv_client_ack(snet, skb, th, &opts, ntohl(th->seq));
		return NF_DROP;
	}

	return XT_CONTINUE;
}

static unsigned int ipv4_synproxy_hook(const struct nf_hook_ops *ops,
				       struct sk_buff *skb,
				       const struct net_device *in,
				       const struct net_device *out,
				       int (*okfn)(struct sk_buff *))
{
	struct synproxy_net *snet = synproxy_pernet(dev_net(in ? : out));
	enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo;
	struct nf_conn *ct;
	struct nf_conn_synproxy *synproxy;
	struct synproxy_options opts = {};
	const struct ip_ct_tcp *state;
	struct tcphdr *th, _th;
	unsigned int thoff;

	ct = nf_ct_get(skb, &ctinfo);
	if (ct == NULL)
		return NF_ACCEPT;

	synproxy = nfct_synproxy(ct);
	if (synproxy == NULL)
		return NF_ACCEPT;

	if (nf_is_loopback_packet(skb))
		return NF_ACCEPT;

	thoff = ip_hdrlen(skb);
	th = skb_header_pointer(skb, thoff, sizeof(_th), &_th);
	if (th == NULL)
		return NF_DROP;

	state = &ct->proto.tcp;
	switch (state->state) {
	case TCP_CONNTRACK_CLOSE:
		if (th->rst && !test_bit(IPS_SEEN_REPLY_BIT, &ct->status)) {
			nf_ct_seqadj_init(ct, ctinfo, synproxy->isn -
						      ntohl(th->seq) + 1);
			break;
		}

		if (!th->syn || th->ack ||
		    CTINFO2DIR(ctinfo) != IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL)
			break;

		/* Reopened connection - reset the sequence number and timestamp
		 * adjustments, they will get initialized once the connection is
		 * reestablished.
		 */
		nf_ct_seqadj_init(ct, ctinfo, 0);
		synproxy->tsoff = 0;
		this_cpu_inc(snet->stats->conn_reopened);

		/* fall through */
	case TCP_CONNTRACK_SYN_SENT:
		if (!synproxy_parse_options(skb, thoff, th, &opts))
			return NF_DROP;

		if (!th->syn && th->ack &&
		    CTINFO2DIR(ctinfo) == IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL) {
			/* Keep-Alives are sent with SEG.SEQ = SND.NXT-1,
			 * therefore we need to add 1 to make the SYN sequence
			 * number match the one of first SYN.
			 */
			if (synproxy_recv_client_ack(snet, skb, th, &opts,
						     ntohl(th->seq) + 1))
				this_cpu_inc(snet->stats->cookie_retrans);

			return NF_DROP;
		}

		synproxy->isn = ntohl(th->ack_seq);
		if (opts.options & XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_TIMESTAMP)
			synproxy->its = opts.tsecr;
		break;
	case TCP_CONNTRACK_SYN_RECV:
		if (!th->syn || !th->ack)
			break;

		if (!synproxy_parse_options(skb, thoff, th, &opts))
			return NF_DROP;

		if (opts.options & XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_TIMESTAMP)
			synproxy->tsoff = opts.tsval - synproxy->its;

		opts.options &= ~(XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_MSS |
				  XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_WSCALE |
				  XT_SYNPROXY_OPT_SACK_PERM);

		swap(opts.tsval, opts.tsecr);
		synproxy_send_server_ack(snet, state, skb, th, &opts);

		nf_ct_seqadj_init(ct, ctinfo, synproxy->isn - ntohl(th->seq));

		swap(opts.tsval, opts.tsecr);
		synproxy_send_client_ack(snet, skb, th, &opts);

		consume_skb(skb);
		return NF_STOLEN;
	default:
		break;
	}

	synproxy_tstamp_adjust(skb, thoff, th, ct, ctinfo, synproxy);
	return NF_ACCEPT;
}

static int synproxy_tg4_check(const struct xt_tgchk_param *par)
{
	const struct ipt_entry *e = par->entryinfo;

	if (e->ip.proto != IPPROTO_TCP ||
	    e->ip.invflags & XT_INV_PROTO)
		return -EINVAL;

	return nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(par->family);
}

static void synproxy_tg4_destroy(const struct xt_tgdtor_param *par)
{
	nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(par->family);
}

static struct xt_target synproxy_tg4_reg __read_mostly = {
	.name		= "SYNPROXY",
	.family		= NFPROTO_IPV4,
	.hooks		= (1 << NF_INET_LOCAL_IN) | (1 << NF_INET_FORWARD),
	.target		= synproxy_tg4,
	.targetsize	= sizeof(struct xt_synproxy_info),
	.checkentry	= synproxy_tg4_check,
	.destroy	= synproxy_tg4_destroy,
	.me		= THIS_MODULE,
};

static struct nf_hook_ops ipv4_synproxy_ops[] __read_mostly = {
	{
		.hook		= ipv4_synproxy_hook,
		.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
		.pf		= NFPROTO_IPV4,
		.hooknum	= NF_INET_LOCAL_IN,
		.priority	= NF_IP_PRI_CONNTRACK_CONFIRM - 1,
	},
	{
		.hook		= ipv4_synproxy_hook,
		.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
		.pf		= NFPROTO_IPV4,
		.hooknum	= NF_INET_POST_ROUTING,
		.priority	= NF_IP_PRI_CONNTRACK_CONFIRM - 1,
	},
};

static int __init synproxy_tg4_init(void)
{
	int err;

	err = nf_register_hooks(ipv4_synproxy_ops,
				ARRAY_SIZE(ipv4_synproxy_ops));
	if (err < 0)
		goto err1;

	err = xt_register_target(&synproxy_tg4_reg);
	if (err < 0)
		goto err2;

	return 0;

err2:
	nf_unregister_hooks(ipv4_synproxy_ops, ARRAY_SIZE(ipv4_synproxy_ops));
err1:
	return err;
}

static void __exit synproxy_tg4_exit(void)
{
	xt_unregister_target(&synproxy_tg4_reg);
	nf_unregister_hooks(ipv4_synproxy_ops, ARRAY_SIZE(ipv4_synproxy_ops));
}

module_init(synproxy_tg4_init);
module_exit(synproxy_tg4_exit);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>");