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/* X.509 certificate parser
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) "X.509: "fmt
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/oid_registry.h>
#include "public_key.h"
#include "x509_parser.h"
#include "x509-asn1.h"
#include "x509_rsakey-asn1.h"

struct x509_parse_context {
	struct x509_certificate	*cert;		/* Certificate being constructed */
	unsigned long	data;			/* Start of data */
	const void	*cert_start;		/* Start of cert content */
	const void	*key;			/* Key data */
	size_t		key_size;		/* Size of key data */
	enum OID	last_oid;		/* Last OID encountered */
	enum OID	algo_oid;		/* Algorithm OID */
	unsigned char	nr_mpi;			/* Number of MPIs stored */
	u8		o_size;			/* Size of organizationName (O) */
	u8		cn_size;		/* Size of commonName (CN) */
	u8		email_size;		/* Size of emailAddress */
	u16		o_offset;		/* Offset of organizationName (O) */
	u16		cn_offset;		/* Offset of commonName (CN) */
	u16		email_offset;		/* Offset of emailAddress */
};

/*
 * Free an X.509 certificate
 */
void x509_free_certificate(struct x509_certificate *cert)
{
	if (cert) {
		public_key_destroy(cert->pub);
		kfree(cert->issuer);
		kfree(cert->subject);
		kfree(cert->fingerprint);
		kfree(cert->authority);
		kfree(cert);
	}
}

/*
 * Parse an X.509 certificate
 */
struct x509_certificate *x509_cert_parse(const void *data, size_t datalen)
{
	struct x509_certificate *cert;
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx;
	long ret;

	ret = -ENOMEM;
	cert = kzalloc(sizeof(struct x509_certificate), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!cert)
		goto error_no_cert;
	cert->pub = kzalloc(sizeof(struct public_key), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!cert->pub)
		goto error_no_ctx;
	ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(struct x509_parse_context), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!ctx)
		goto error_no_ctx;

	ctx->cert = cert;
	ctx->data = (unsigned long)data;

	/* Attempt to decode the certificate */
	ret = asn1_ber_decoder(&x509_decoder, ctx, data, datalen);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto error_decode;

	/* Decode the public key */
	ret = asn1_ber_decoder(&x509_rsakey_decoder, ctx,
			       ctx->key, ctx->key_size);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto error_decode;

	kfree(ctx);
	return cert;

error_decode:
	kfree(ctx);
error_no_ctx:
	x509_free_certificate(cert);
error_no_cert:
	return ERR_PTR(ret);
}

/*
 * Note an OID when we find one for later processing when we know how
 * to interpret it.
 */
int x509_note_OID(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
	     unsigned char tag,
	     const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;

	ctx->last_oid = look_up_OID(value, vlen);
	if (ctx->last_oid == OID__NR) {
		char buffer[50];
		sprint_oid(value, vlen, buffer, sizeof(buffer));
		pr_debug("Unknown OID: [%lu] %s\n",
			 (unsigned long)value - ctx->data, buffer);
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Save the position of the TBS data so that we can check the signature over it
 * later.
 */
int x509_note_tbs_certificate(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			      unsigned char tag,
			      const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;

	pr_debug("x509_note_tbs_certificate(,%zu,%02x,%ld,%zu)!\n",
		 hdrlen, tag, (unsigned long)value - ctx->data, vlen);

	ctx->cert->tbs = value - hdrlen;
	ctx->cert->tbs_size = vlen + hdrlen;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Record the public key algorithm
 */
int x509_note_pkey_algo(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			unsigned char tag,
			const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;

	pr_debug("PubKey Algo: %u\n", ctx->last_oid);

	switch (ctx->last_oid) {
	case OID_md2WithRSAEncryption:
	case OID_md3WithRSAEncryption:
	default:
		return -ENOPKG; /* Unsupported combination */

	case OID_md4WithRSAEncryption:
		ctx->cert->sig_hash_algo = PKEY_HASH_MD5;
		ctx->cert->sig_pkey_algo = PKEY_ALGO_RSA;
		break;

	case OID_sha1WithRSAEncryption:
		ctx->cert->sig_hash_algo = PKEY_HASH_SHA1;
		ctx->cert->sig_pkey_algo = PKEY_ALGO_RSA;
		break;

	case OID_sha256WithRSAEncryption:
		ctx->cert->sig_hash_algo = PKEY_HASH_SHA256;
		ctx->cert->sig_pkey_algo = PKEY_ALGO_RSA;
		break;

	case OID_sha384WithRSAEncryption:
		ctx->cert->sig_hash_algo = PKEY_HASH_SHA384;
		ctx->cert->sig_pkey_algo = PKEY_ALGO_RSA;
		break;

	case OID_sha512WithRSAEncryption:
		ctx->cert->sig_hash_algo = PKEY_HASH_SHA512;
		ctx->cert->sig_pkey_algo = PKEY_ALGO_RSA;
		break;

	case OID_sha224WithRSAEncryption:
		ctx->cert->sig_hash_algo = PKEY_HASH_SHA224;
		ctx->cert->sig_pkey_algo = PKEY_ALGO_RSA;
		break;
	}

	ctx->algo_oid = ctx->last_oid;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Note the whereabouts and type of the signature.
 */
int x509_note_signature(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			unsigned char tag,
			const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;

	pr_debug("Signature type: %u size %zu\n", ctx->last_oid, vlen);

	if (ctx->last_oid != ctx->algo_oid) {
		pr_warn("Got cert with pkey (%u) and sig (%u) algorithm OIDs\n",
			ctx->algo_oid, ctx->last_oid);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ctx->cert->sig = value;
	ctx->cert->sig_size = vlen;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Note some of the name segments from which we'll fabricate a name.
 */
int x509_extract_name_segment(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			      unsigned char tag,
			      const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;

	switch (ctx->last_oid) {
	case OID_commonName:
		ctx->cn_size = vlen;
		ctx->cn_offset = (unsigned long)value - ctx->data;
		break;
	case OID_organizationName:
		ctx->o_size = vlen;
		ctx->o_offset = (unsigned long)value - ctx->data;
		break;
	case OID_email_address:
		ctx->email_size = vlen;
		ctx->email_offset = (unsigned long)value - ctx->data;
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Fabricate and save the issuer and subject names
 */
static int x509_fabricate_name(struct x509_parse_context *ctx, size_t hdrlen,
			       unsigned char tag,
			       char **_name, size_t vlen)
{
	const void *name, *data = (const void *)ctx->data;
	size_t namesize;
	char *buffer;

	if (*_name)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* Empty name string if no material */
	if (!ctx->cn_size && !ctx->o_size && !ctx->email_size) {
		buffer = kmalloc(1, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!buffer)
			return -ENOMEM;
		buffer[0] = 0;
		goto done;
	}

	if (ctx->cn_size && ctx->o_size) {
		/* Consider combining O and CN, but use only the CN if it is
		 * prefixed by the O, or a significant portion thereof.
		 */
		namesize = ctx->cn_size;
		name = data + ctx->cn_offset;
		if (ctx->cn_size >= ctx->o_size &&
		    memcmp(data + ctx->cn_offset, data + ctx->o_offset,
			   ctx->o_size) == 0)
			goto single_component;
		if (ctx->cn_size >= 7 &&
		    ctx->o_size >= 7 &&
		    memcmp(data + ctx->cn_offset, data + ctx->o_offset, 7) == 0)
			goto single_component;

		buffer = kmalloc(ctx->o_size + 2 + ctx->cn_size + 1,
				 GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!buffer)
			return -ENOMEM;

		memcpy(buffer,
		       data + ctx->o_offset, ctx->o_size);
		buffer[ctx->o_size + 0] = ':';
		buffer[ctx->o_size + 1] = ' ';
		memcpy(buffer + ctx->o_size + 2,
		       data + ctx->cn_offset, ctx->cn_size);
		buffer[ctx->o_size + 2 + ctx->cn_size] = 0;
		goto done;

	} else if (ctx->cn_size) {
		namesize = ctx->cn_size;
		name = data + ctx->cn_offset;
	} else if (ctx->o_size) {
		namesize = ctx->o_size;
		name = data + ctx->o_offset;
	} else {
		namesize = ctx->email_size;
		name = data + ctx->email_offset;
	}

single_component:
	buffer = kmalloc(namesize + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buffer)
		return -ENOMEM;
	memcpy(buffer, name, namesize);
	buffer[namesize] = 0;

done:
	*_name = buffer;
	ctx->cn_size = 0;
	ctx->o_size = 0;
	ctx->email_size = 0;
	return 0;
}

int x509_note_issuer(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
		     unsigned char tag,
		     const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;
	return x509_fabricate_name(ctx, hdrlen, tag, &ctx->cert->issuer, vlen);
}

int x509_note_subject(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
		      unsigned char tag,
		      const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;
	return x509_fabricate_name(ctx, hdrlen, tag, &ctx->cert->subject, vlen);
}

/*
 * Extract the data for the public key algorithm
 */
int x509_extract_key_data(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			  unsigned char tag,
			  const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;

	if (ctx->last_oid != OID_rsaEncryption)
		return -ENOPKG;

	/* There seems to be an extraneous 0 byte on the front of the data */
	ctx->cert->pkey_algo = PKEY_ALGO_RSA;
	ctx->key = value + 1;
	ctx->key_size = vlen - 1;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Extract a RSA public key value
 */
int rsa_extract_mpi(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
		    unsigned char tag,
		    const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;
	MPI mpi;

	if (ctx->nr_mpi >= ARRAY_SIZE(ctx->cert->pub->mpi)) {
		pr_err("Too many public key MPIs in certificate\n");
		return -EBADMSG;
	}

	mpi = mpi_read_raw_data(value, vlen);
	if (!mpi)
		return -ENOMEM;

	ctx->cert->pub->mpi[ctx->nr_mpi++] = mpi;
	return 0;
}

/* The keyIdentifier in AuthorityKeyIdentifier SEQUENCE is tag(CONT,PRIM,0) */
#define SEQ_TAG_KEYID (ASN1_CONT << 6)

/*
 * Process certificate extensions that are used to qualify the certificate.
 */
int x509_process_extension(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			   unsigned char tag,
			   const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;
	const unsigned char *v = value;
	char *f;
	int i;

	pr_debug("Extension: %u\n", ctx->last_oid);

	if (ctx->last_oid == OID_subjectKeyIdentifier) {
		/* Get hold of the key fingerprint */
		if (vlen < 3)
			return -EBADMSG;
		if (v[0] != ASN1_OTS || v[1] != vlen - 2)
			return -EBADMSG;
		v += 2;
		vlen -= 2;

		f = kmalloc(vlen * 2 + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!f)
			return -ENOMEM;
		for (i = 0; i < vlen; i++)
			sprintf(f + i * 2, "%02x", v[i]);
		pr_debug("fingerprint %s\n", f);
		ctx->cert->fingerprint = f;
		return 0;
	}

	if (ctx->last_oid == OID_authorityKeyIdentifier) {
		size_t key_len;

		/* Get hold of the CA key fingerprint */
		if (vlen < 5)
			return -EBADMSG;

		/* Authority Key Identifier must be a Constructed SEQUENCE */
		if (v[0] != (ASN1_SEQ | (ASN1_CONS << 5)))
			return -EBADMSG;

		/* Authority Key Identifier is not indefinite length */
		if (unlikely(vlen == ASN1_INDEFINITE_LENGTH))
			return -EBADMSG;

		if (vlen < ASN1_INDEFINITE_LENGTH) {
			/* Short Form length */
			if (v[1] != vlen - 2 ||
			    v[2] != SEQ_TAG_KEYID ||
			    v[3] > vlen - 4)
				return -EBADMSG;

			key_len = v[3];
			v += 4;
		} else {
			/* Long Form length */
			size_t seq_len = 0;
			size_t sub = v[1] - ASN1_INDEFINITE_LENGTH;

			if (sub > 2)
				return -EBADMSG;

			/* calculate the length from subsequent octets */
			v += 2;
			for (i = 0; i < sub; i++) {
				seq_len <<= 8;
				seq_len |= v[i];
			}

			if (seq_len != vlen - 2 - sub ||
			    v[sub] != SEQ_TAG_KEYID ||
			    v[sub + 1] > vlen - 4 - sub)
				return -EBADMSG;

			key_len = v[sub + 1];
			v += (sub + 2);
		}

		f = kmalloc(key_len * 2 + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!f)
			return -ENOMEM;
		for (i = 0; i < key_len; i++)
			sprintf(f + i * 2, "%02x", v[i]);
		pr_debug("authority   %s\n", f);
		ctx->cert->authority = f;
		return 0;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Record a certificate time.
 */
static int x509_note_time(struct tm *tm,  size_t hdrlen,
			  unsigned char tag,
			  const unsigned char *value, size_t vlen)
{
	const unsigned char *p = value;

#define dec2bin(X) ((X) - '0')
#define DD2bin(P) ({ unsigned x = dec2bin(P[0]) * 10 + dec2bin(P[1]); P += 2; x; })

	if (tag == ASN1_UNITIM) {
		/* UTCTime: YYMMDDHHMMSSZ */
		if (vlen != 13)
			goto unsupported_time;
		tm->tm_year = DD2bin(p);
		if (tm->tm_year >= 50)
			tm->tm_year += 1900;
		else
			tm->tm_year += 2000;
	} else if (tag == ASN1_GENTIM) {
		/* GenTime: YYYYMMDDHHMMSSZ */
		if (vlen != 15)
			goto unsupported_time;
		tm->tm_year = DD2bin(p) * 100 + DD2bin(p);
	} else {
		goto unsupported_time;
	}

	tm->tm_year -= 1900;
	tm->tm_mon  = DD2bin(p) - 1;
	tm->tm_mday = DD2bin(p);
	tm->tm_hour = DD2bin(p);
	tm->tm_min  = DD2bin(p);
	tm->tm_sec  = DD2bin(p);

	if (*p != 'Z')
		goto unsupported_time;

	return 0;

unsupported_time:
	pr_debug("Got unsupported time [tag %02x]: '%*.*s'\n",
		 tag, (int)vlen, (int)vlen, value);
	return -EBADMSG;
}

int x509_note_not_before(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			 unsigned char tag,
			 const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;
	return x509_note_time(&ctx->cert->valid_from, hdrlen, tag, value, vlen);
}

int x509_note_not_after(void *context, size_t hdrlen,
			unsigned char tag,
			const void *value, size_t vlen)
{
	struct x509_parse_context *ctx = context;
	return x509_note_time(&ctx->cert->valid_to, hdrlen, tag, value, vlen);
}