Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

/*
 * driver for the i2c-tiny-usb adapter - 1.0
 * http://www.harbaum.org/till/i2c_tiny_usb
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2007 Till Harbaum (Till@Harbaum.org)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
 *
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>

/* include interfaces to usb layer */
#include <linux/usb.h>

/* include interface to i2c layer */
#include <linux/i2c.h>

/* commands via USB, must match command ids in the firmware */
#define CMD_ECHO		0
#define CMD_GET_FUNC		1
#define CMD_SET_DELAY		2
#define CMD_GET_STATUS		3

#define CMD_I2C_IO		4
#define CMD_I2C_IO_BEGIN	(1<<0)
#define CMD_I2C_IO_END		(1<<1)

/* i2c bit delay, default is 10us -> 100kHz max
   (in practice, due to additional delays in the i2c bitbanging
   code this results in a i2c clock of about 50kHz) */
static unsigned short delay = 10;
module_param(delay, ushort, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(delay, "bit delay in microseconds "
		 "(default is 10us for 100kHz max)");

static int usb_read(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int cmd,
		    int value, int index, void *data, int len);

static int usb_write(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int cmd,
		     int value, int index, void *data, int len);

/* ----- begin of i2c layer ---------------------------------------------- */

#define STATUS_IDLE		0
#define STATUS_ADDRESS_ACK	1
#define STATUS_ADDRESS_NAK	2

static int usb_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num)
{
	unsigned char status;
	struct i2c_msg *pmsg;
	int i;

	dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "master xfer %d messages:\n", num);

	for (i = 0 ; i < num ; i++) {
		int cmd = CMD_I2C_IO;

		if (i == 0)
			cmd |= CMD_I2C_IO_BEGIN;

		if (i == num-1)
			cmd |= CMD_I2C_IO_END;

		pmsg = &msgs[i];

		dev_dbg(&adapter->dev,
			"  %d: %s (flags %d) %d bytes to 0x%02x\n",
			i, pmsg->flags & I2C_M_RD ? "read" : "write",
			pmsg->flags, pmsg->len, pmsg->addr);

		/* and directly send the message */
		if (pmsg->flags & I2C_M_RD) {
			/* read data */
			if (usb_read(adapter, cmd,
				     pmsg->flags, pmsg->addr,
				     pmsg->buf, pmsg->len) != pmsg->len) {
				dev_err(&adapter->dev,
					"failure reading data\n");
				return -EREMOTEIO;
			}
		} else {
			/* write data */
			if (usb_write(adapter, cmd,
				      pmsg->flags, pmsg->addr,
				      pmsg->buf, pmsg->len) != pmsg->len) {
				dev_err(&adapter->dev,
					"failure writing data\n");
				return -EREMOTEIO;
			}
		}

		/* read status */
		if (usb_read(adapter, CMD_GET_STATUS, 0, 0, &status, 1) != 1) {
			dev_err(&adapter->dev, "failure reading status\n");
			return -EREMOTEIO;
		}

		dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "  status = %d\n", status);
		if (status == STATUS_ADDRESS_NAK)
			return -EREMOTEIO;
	}

	return i;
}

static u32 usb_func(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
{
	__le32 func;

	/* get functionality from adapter */
	if (usb_read(adapter, CMD_GET_FUNC, 0, 0, &func, sizeof(func)) !=
	    sizeof(func)) {
		dev_err(&adapter->dev, "failure reading functionality\n");
		return 0;
	}

	return le32_to_cpu(func);
}

/* This is the actual algorithm we define */
static const struct i2c_algorithm usb_algorithm = {
	.master_xfer	= usb_xfer,
	.functionality	= usb_func,
};

/* ----- end of i2c layer ------------------------------------------------ */

/* ----- begin of usb layer ---------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * Initially the usb i2c interface uses a vid/pid pair donated by
 * Future Technology Devices International Ltd., later a pair was
 * bought from EZPrototypes
 */
static const struct usb_device_id i2c_tiny_usb_table[] = {
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x0403, 0xc631) },   /* FTDI */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x1c40, 0x0534) },   /* EZPrototypes */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x1964, 0x0001) },   /* Robofuzz OSIF */
	{ }                               /* Terminating entry */
};

MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, i2c_tiny_usb_table);

/* Structure to hold all of our device specific stuff */
struct i2c_tiny_usb {
	struct usb_device *usb_dev; /* the usb device for this device */
	struct usb_interface *interface; /* the interface for this device */
	struct i2c_adapter adapter; /* i2c related things */
};

static int usb_read(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int cmd,
		    int value, int index, void *data, int len)
{
	struct i2c_tiny_usb *dev = (struct i2c_tiny_usb *)adapter->algo_data;

	/* do control transfer */
	return usb_control_msg(dev->usb_dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev->usb_dev, 0),
			       cmd, USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE |
			       USB_DIR_IN, value, index, data, len, 2000);
}

static int usb_write(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int cmd,
		     int value, int index, void *data, int len)
{
	struct i2c_tiny_usb *dev = (struct i2c_tiny_usb *)adapter->algo_data;

	/* do control transfer */
	return usb_control_msg(dev->usb_dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev->usb_dev, 0),
			       cmd, USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
			       value, index, data, len, 2000);
}

static void i2c_tiny_usb_free(struct i2c_tiny_usb *dev)
{
	usb_put_dev(dev->usb_dev);
	kfree(dev);
}

static int i2c_tiny_usb_probe(struct usb_interface *interface,
			      const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
	struct i2c_tiny_usb *dev;
	int retval = -ENOMEM;
	u16 version;

	dev_dbg(&interface->dev, "probing usb device\n");

	/* allocate memory for our device state and initialize it */
	dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (dev == NULL) {
		dev_err(&interface->dev, "Out of memory\n");
		goto error;
	}

	dev->usb_dev = usb_get_dev(interface_to_usbdev(interface));
	dev->interface = interface;

	/* save our data pointer in this interface device */
	usb_set_intfdata(interface, dev);

	version = le16_to_cpu(dev->usb_dev->descriptor.bcdDevice);
	dev_info(&interface->dev,
		 "version %x.%02x found at bus %03d address %03d\n",
		 version >> 8, version & 0xff,
		 dev->usb_dev->bus->busnum, dev->usb_dev->devnum);

	/* setup i2c adapter description */
	dev->adapter.owner = THIS_MODULE;
	dev->adapter.class = I2C_CLASS_HWMON;
	dev->adapter.algo = &usb_algorithm;
	dev->adapter.algo_data = dev;
	snprintf(dev->adapter.name, sizeof(dev->adapter.name),
		 "i2c-tiny-usb at bus %03d device %03d",
		 dev->usb_dev->bus->busnum, dev->usb_dev->devnum);

	if (usb_write(&dev->adapter, CMD_SET_DELAY, delay, 0, NULL, 0) != 0) {
		dev_err(&dev->adapter.dev,
			"failure setting delay to %dus\n", delay);
		retval = -EIO;
		goto error;
	}

	dev->adapter.dev.parent = &dev->interface->dev;

	/* and finally attach to i2c layer */
	i2c_add_adapter(&dev->adapter);

	/* inform user about successful attachment to i2c layer */
	dev_info(&dev->adapter.dev, "connected i2c-tiny-usb device\n");

	return 0;

 error:
	if (dev)
		i2c_tiny_usb_free(dev);

	return retval;
}

static void i2c_tiny_usb_disconnect(struct usb_interface *interface)
{
	struct i2c_tiny_usb *dev = usb_get_intfdata(interface);

	i2c_del_adapter(&dev->adapter);
	usb_set_intfdata(interface, NULL);
	i2c_tiny_usb_free(dev);

	dev_dbg(&interface->dev, "disconnected\n");
}

static struct usb_driver i2c_tiny_usb_driver = {
	.name		= "i2c-tiny-usb",
	.probe		= i2c_tiny_usb_probe,
	.disconnect	= i2c_tiny_usb_disconnect,
	.id_table	= i2c_tiny_usb_table,
};

module_usb_driver(i2c_tiny_usb_driver);

/* ----- end of usb layer ------------------------------------------------ */

MODULE_AUTHOR("Till Harbaum <Till@Harbaum.org>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("i2c-tiny-usb driver v1.0");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");