Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
/*
 * Simulated Serial Driver (fake serial)
 *
 * This driver is mostly used for bringup purposes and will go away.
 * It has a strong dependency on the system console. All outputs
 * are rerouted to the same facility as the one used by printk which, in our
 * case means sys_sim.c console (goes via the simulator).
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1999-2000, 2002-2003 Hewlett-Packard Co
 *	Stephane Eranian <eranian@hpl.hp.com>
 *	David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/circ_buf.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/serial.h>
#include <linux/sysrq.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>

#include <asm/hpsim.h>

#include "hpsim_ssc.h"

#undef SIMSERIAL_DEBUG	/* define this to get some debug information */

#define KEYBOARD_INTR	3	/* must match with simulator! */

#define NR_PORTS	1	/* only one port for now */

struct serial_state {
	struct tty_port port;
	struct circ_buf xmit;
	int irq;
	int x_char;
};

static struct serial_state rs_table[NR_PORTS];

struct tty_driver *hp_simserial_driver;

static struct console *console;

static void receive_chars(struct tty_port *port)
{
	unsigned char ch;
	static unsigned char seen_esc = 0;

	while ( (ch = ia64_ssc(0, 0, 0, 0, SSC_GETCHAR)) ) {
		if (ch == 27 && seen_esc == 0) {
			seen_esc = 1;
			continue;
		} else if (seen_esc == 1 && ch == 'O') {
			seen_esc = 2;
			continue;
		} else if (seen_esc == 2) {
			if (ch == 'P') /* F1 */
				show_state();
#ifdef CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ
			if (ch == 'S') { /* F4 */
				do {
					ch = ia64_ssc(0, 0, 0, 0, SSC_GETCHAR);
				} while (!ch);
				handle_sysrq(ch);
			}
#endif
			seen_esc = 0;
			continue;
		}
		seen_esc = 0;

		if (tty_insert_flip_char(port, ch, TTY_NORMAL) == 0)
			break;
	}
	tty_flip_buffer_push(port);
}

/*
 * This is the serial driver's interrupt routine for a single port
 */
static irqreturn_t rs_interrupt_single(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct serial_state *info = dev_id;

	receive_chars(&info->port);

	return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

/*
 * -------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Here ends the serial interrupt routines.
 * -------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static int rs_put_char(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned char ch)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!info->xmit.buf)
		return 0;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	if (CIRC_SPACE(info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE) == 0) {
		local_irq_restore(flags);
		return 0;
	}
	info->xmit.buf[info->xmit.head] = ch;
	info->xmit.head = (info->xmit.head + 1) & (SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE-1);
	local_irq_restore(flags);
	return 1;
}

static void transmit_chars(struct tty_struct *tty, struct serial_state *info,
		int *intr_done)
{
	int count;
	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);

	if (info->x_char) {
		char c = info->x_char;

		console->write(console, &c, 1);

		info->x_char = 0;

		goto out;
	}

	if (info->xmit.head == info->xmit.tail || tty->stopped) {
#ifdef SIMSERIAL_DEBUG
		printk("transmit_chars: head=%d, tail=%d, stopped=%d\n",
		       info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, tty->stopped);
#endif
		goto out;
	}
	/*
	 * We removed the loop and try to do it in to chunks. We need
	 * 2 operations maximum because it's a ring buffer.
	 *
	 * First from current to tail if possible.
	 * Then from the beginning of the buffer until necessary
	 */

	count = min(CIRC_CNT(info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE),
		    SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE - info->xmit.tail);
	console->write(console, info->xmit.buf+info->xmit.tail, count);

	info->xmit.tail = (info->xmit.tail+count) & (SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE-1);

	/*
	 * We have more at the beginning of the buffer
	 */
	count = CIRC_CNT(info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE);
	if (count) {
		console->write(console, info->xmit.buf, count);
		info->xmit.tail += count;
	}
out:
	local_irq_restore(flags);
}

static void rs_flush_chars(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;

	if (info->xmit.head == info->xmit.tail || tty->stopped ||
			!info->xmit.buf)
		return;

	transmit_chars(tty, info, NULL);
}

static int rs_write(struct tty_struct * tty,
		    const unsigned char *buf, int count)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;
	int	c, ret = 0;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!info->xmit.buf)
		return 0;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	while (1) {
		c = CIRC_SPACE_TO_END(info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE);
		if (count < c)
			c = count;
		if (c <= 0) {
			break;
		}
		memcpy(info->xmit.buf + info->xmit.head, buf, c);
		info->xmit.head = ((info->xmit.head + c) &
				   (SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE-1));
		buf += c;
		count -= c;
		ret += c;
	}
	local_irq_restore(flags);
	/*
	 * Hey, we transmit directly from here in our case
	 */
	if (CIRC_CNT(info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE) &&
			!tty->stopped)
		transmit_chars(tty, info, NULL);

	return ret;
}

static int rs_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;

	return CIRC_SPACE(info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE);
}

static int rs_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;

	return CIRC_CNT(info->xmit.head, info->xmit.tail, SERIAL_XMIT_SIZE);
}

static void rs_flush_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;
	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	info->xmit.head = info->xmit.tail = 0;
	local_irq_restore(flags);

	tty_wakeup(tty);
}

/*
 * This function is used to send a high-priority XON/XOFF character to
 * the device
 */
static void rs_send_xchar(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;

	info->x_char = ch;
	if (ch) {
		/*
		 * I guess we could call console->write() directly but
		 * let's do that for now.
		 */
		transmit_chars(tty, info, NULL);
	}
}

/*
 * ------------------------------------------------------------
 * rs_throttle()
 *
 * This routine is called by the upper-layer tty layer to signal that
 * incoming characters should be throttled.
 * ------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static void rs_throttle(struct tty_struct * tty)
{
	if (I_IXOFF(tty))
		rs_send_xchar(tty, STOP_CHAR(tty));

	printk(KERN_INFO "simrs_throttle called\n");
}

static void rs_unthrottle(struct tty_struct * tty)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;

	if (I_IXOFF(tty)) {
		if (info->x_char)
			info->x_char = 0;
		else
			rs_send_xchar(tty, START_CHAR(tty));
	}
	printk(KERN_INFO "simrs_unthrottle called\n");
}

static int rs_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	if ((cmd != TIOCGSERIAL) && (cmd != TIOCSSERIAL) &&
	    (cmd != TIOCSERCONFIG) && (cmd != TIOCSERGSTRUCT) &&
	    (cmd != TIOCMIWAIT)) {
		if (tty->flags & (1 << TTY_IO_ERROR))
		    return -EIO;
	}

	switch (cmd) {
	case TIOCGSERIAL:
	case TIOCSSERIAL:
	case TIOCSERGSTRUCT:
	case TIOCMIWAIT:
		return 0;
	case TIOCSERCONFIG:
	case TIOCSERGETLSR: /* Get line status register */
		return -EINVAL;
	case TIOCSERGWILD:
	case TIOCSERSWILD:
		/* "setserial -W" is called in Debian boot */
		printk (KERN_INFO "TIOCSER?WILD ioctl obsolete, ignored.\n");
		return 0;
	}
	return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
}

#define RELEVANT_IFLAG(iflag) (iflag & (IGNBRK|BRKINT|IGNPAR|PARMRK|INPCK))

/*
 * This routine will shutdown a serial port; interrupts are disabled, and
 * DTR is dropped if the hangup on close termio flag is on.
 */
static void shutdown(struct tty_port *port)
{
	struct serial_state *info = container_of(port, struct serial_state,
			port);
	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	if (info->irq)
		free_irq(info->irq, info);

	if (info->xmit.buf) {
		free_page((unsigned long) info->xmit.buf);
		info->xmit.buf = NULL;
	}
	local_irq_restore(flags);
}

static void rs_close(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file * filp)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;

	tty_port_close(&info->port, tty, filp);
}

static void rs_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct serial_state *info = tty->driver_data;

	rs_flush_buffer(tty);
	tty_port_hangup(&info->port);
}

static int activate(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct serial_state *state = container_of(port, struct serial_state,
			port);
	unsigned long flags, page;
	int retval = 0;

	page = get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!page)
		return -ENOMEM;

	local_irq_save(flags);

	if (state->xmit.buf)
		free_page(page);
	else
		state->xmit.buf = (unsigned char *) page;

	if (state->irq) {
		retval = request_irq(state->irq, rs_interrupt_single, 0,
				"simserial", state);
		if (retval)
			goto errout;
	}

	state->xmit.head = state->xmit.tail = 0;

	/*
	 * Set up the tty->alt_speed kludge
	 */
	if ((port->flags & ASYNC_SPD_MASK) == ASYNC_SPD_HI)
		tty->alt_speed = 57600;
	if ((port->flags & ASYNC_SPD_MASK) == ASYNC_SPD_VHI)
		tty->alt_speed = 115200;
	if ((port->flags & ASYNC_SPD_MASK) == ASYNC_SPD_SHI)
		tty->alt_speed = 230400;
	if ((port->flags & ASYNC_SPD_MASK) == ASYNC_SPD_WARP)
		tty->alt_speed = 460800;

errout:
	local_irq_restore(flags);
	return retval;
}


/*
 * This routine is called whenever a serial port is opened.  It
 * enables interrupts for a serial port, linking in its async structure into
 * the IRQ chain.   It also performs the serial-specific
 * initialization for the tty structure.
 */
static int rs_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file * filp)
{
	struct serial_state *info = rs_table + tty->index;
	struct tty_port *port = &info->port;

	tty->driver_data = info;
	port->low_latency = (port->flags & ASYNC_LOW_LATENCY) ? 1 : 0;

	/*
	 * figure out which console to use (should be one already)
	 */
	console = console_drivers;
	while (console) {
		if ((console->flags & CON_ENABLED) && console->write) break;
		console = console->next;
	}

	return tty_port_open(port, tty, filp);
}

/*
 * /proc fs routines....
 */

static int rs_proc_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
	int i;

	seq_printf(m, "simserinfo:1.0\n");
	for (i = 0; i < NR_PORTS; i++)
		seq_printf(m, "%d: uart:16550 port:3F8 irq:%d\n",
		       i, rs_table[i].irq);
	return 0;
}

static int rs_proc_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return single_open(file, rs_proc_show, NULL);
}

static const struct file_operations rs_proc_fops = {
	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
	.open		= rs_proc_open,
	.read		= seq_read,
	.llseek		= seq_lseek,
	.release	= single_release,
};

static const struct tty_operations hp_ops = {
	.open = rs_open,
	.close = rs_close,
	.write = rs_write,
	.put_char = rs_put_char,
	.flush_chars = rs_flush_chars,
	.write_room = rs_write_room,
	.chars_in_buffer = rs_chars_in_buffer,
	.flush_buffer = rs_flush_buffer,
	.ioctl = rs_ioctl,
	.throttle = rs_throttle,
	.unthrottle = rs_unthrottle,
	.send_xchar = rs_send_xchar,
	.hangup = rs_hangup,
	.proc_fops = &rs_proc_fops,
};

static const struct tty_port_operations hp_port_ops = {
	.activate = activate,
	.shutdown = shutdown,
};

static int __init simrs_init(void)
{
	struct serial_state *state;
	int retval;

	if (!ia64_platform_is("hpsim"))
		return -ENODEV;

	hp_simserial_driver = alloc_tty_driver(NR_PORTS);
	if (!hp_simserial_driver)
		return -ENOMEM;

	printk(KERN_INFO "SimSerial driver with no serial options enabled\n");

	/* Initialize the tty_driver structure */

	hp_simserial_driver->driver_name = "simserial";
	hp_simserial_driver->name = "ttyS";
	hp_simserial_driver->major = TTY_MAJOR;
	hp_simserial_driver->minor_start = 64;
	hp_simserial_driver->type = TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_SERIAL;
	hp_simserial_driver->subtype = SERIAL_TYPE_NORMAL;
	hp_simserial_driver->init_termios = tty_std_termios;
	hp_simserial_driver->init_termios.c_cflag =
		B9600 | CS8 | CREAD | HUPCL | CLOCAL;
	hp_simserial_driver->flags = TTY_DRIVER_REAL_RAW;
	tty_set_operations(hp_simserial_driver, &hp_ops);

	state = rs_table;
	tty_port_init(&state->port);
	state->port.ops = &hp_port_ops;
	state->port.close_delay = 0; /* XXX really 0? */

	retval = hpsim_get_irq(KEYBOARD_INTR);
	if (retval < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: out of interrupt vectors!\n",
				__func__);
		goto err_free_tty;
	}

	state->irq = retval;

	/* the port is imaginary */
	printk(KERN_INFO "ttyS0 at 0x03f8 (irq = %d) is a 16550\n", state->irq);

	tty_port_link_device(&state->port, hp_simserial_driver, 0);
	retval = tty_register_driver(hp_simserial_driver);
	if (retval) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Couldn't register simserial driver\n");
		goto err_free_tty;
	}

	return 0;
err_free_tty:
	put_tty_driver(hp_simserial_driver);
	tty_port_destroy(&state->port);
	return retval;
}

#ifndef MODULE
__initcall(simrs_init);
#endif