Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
/*
 * linux/fs/binfmt_elf.c
 *
 * These are the functions used to load ELF format executables as used
 * on SVr4 machines.  Information on the format may be found in the book
 * "UNIX SYSTEM V RELEASE 4 Programmers Guide: Ansi C and Programming Support
 * Tools".
 *
 * Copyright 1993, 1994: Eric Youngdale (ericy@cais.com).
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/highuid.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/coredump.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/param.h>
#include <asm/page.h>

static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs);
static int load_elf_library(struct file *);
static unsigned long elf_map(struct file *, unsigned long, struct elf_phdr *,
				int, int, unsigned long);

/*
 * If we don't support core dumping, then supply a NULL so we
 * don't even try.
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm);
#else
#define elf_core_dump	NULL
#endif

#if ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE > PAGE_SIZE
#define ELF_MIN_ALIGN	ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE
#else
#define ELF_MIN_ALIGN	PAGE_SIZE
#endif

#ifndef ELF_CORE_EFLAGS
#define ELF_CORE_EFLAGS	0
#endif

#define ELF_PAGESTART(_v) ((_v) & ~(unsigned long)(ELF_MIN_ALIGN-1))
#define ELF_PAGEOFFSET(_v) ((_v) & (ELF_MIN_ALIGN-1))
#define ELF_PAGEALIGN(_v) (((_v) + ELF_MIN_ALIGN - 1) & ~(ELF_MIN_ALIGN - 1))

static struct linux_binfmt elf_format = {
	.module		= THIS_MODULE,
	.load_binary	= load_elf_binary,
	.load_shlib	= load_elf_library,
	.core_dump	= elf_core_dump,
	.min_coredump	= ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE,
};

#define BAD_ADDR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) >= TASK_SIZE)

static int set_brk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
	start = ELF_PAGEALIGN(start);
	end = ELF_PAGEALIGN(end);
	if (end > start) {
		unsigned long addr;
		down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
		addr = do_brk(start, end - start);
		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
		if (BAD_ADDR(addr))
			return addr;
	}
	current->mm->start_brk = current->mm->brk = end;
	return 0;
}

/* We need to explicitly zero any fractional pages
   after the data section (i.e. bss).  This would
   contain the junk from the file that should not
   be in memory
 */
static int padzero(unsigned long elf_bss)
{
	unsigned long nbyte;

	nbyte = ELF_PAGEOFFSET(elf_bss);
	if (nbyte) {
		nbyte = ELF_MIN_ALIGN - nbyte;
		if (clear_user((void __user *) elf_bss, nbyte))
			return -EFAULT;
	}
	return 0;
}

/* Let's use some macros to make this stack manipulation a little clearer */
#ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP
#define STACK_ADD(sp, items) ((elf_addr_t __user *)(sp) + (items))
#define STACK_ROUND(sp, items) \
	((15 + (unsigned long) ((sp) + (items))) &~ 15UL)
#define STACK_ALLOC(sp, len) ({ \
	elf_addr_t __user *old_sp = (elf_addr_t __user *)sp; sp += len; \
	old_sp; })
#else
#define STACK_ADD(sp, items) ((elf_addr_t __user *)(sp) - (items))
#define STACK_ROUND(sp, items) \
	(((unsigned long) (sp - items)) &~ 15UL)
#define STACK_ALLOC(sp, len) ({ sp -= len ; sp; })
#endif

#ifndef ELF_BASE_PLATFORM
/*
 * AT_BASE_PLATFORM indicates the "real" hardware/microarchitecture.
 * If the arch defines ELF_BASE_PLATFORM (in asm/elf.h), the value
 * will be copied to the user stack in the same manner as AT_PLATFORM.
 */
#define ELF_BASE_PLATFORM NULL
#endif

static int
create_elf_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct elfhdr *exec,
		unsigned long load_addr, unsigned long interp_load_addr)
{
	unsigned long p = bprm->p;
	int argc = bprm->argc;
	int envc = bprm->envc;
	elf_addr_t __user *argv;
	elf_addr_t __user *envp;
	elf_addr_t __user *sp;
	elf_addr_t __user *u_platform;
	elf_addr_t __user *u_base_platform;
	elf_addr_t __user *u_rand_bytes;
	const char *k_platform = ELF_PLATFORM;
	const char *k_base_platform = ELF_BASE_PLATFORM;
	unsigned char k_rand_bytes[16];
	int items;
	elf_addr_t *elf_info;
	int ei_index = 0;
	const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;

	/*
	 * In some cases (e.g. Hyper-Threading), we want to avoid L1
	 * evictions by the processes running on the same package. One
	 * thing we can do is to shuffle the initial stack for them.
	 */

	p = arch_align_stack(p);

	/*
	 * If this architecture has a platform capability string, copy it
	 * to userspace.  In some cases (Sparc), this info is impossible
	 * for userspace to get any other way, in others (i386) it is
	 * merely difficult.
	 */
	u_platform = NULL;
	if (k_platform) {
		size_t len = strlen(k_platform) + 1;

		u_platform = (elf_addr_t __user *)STACK_ALLOC(p, len);
		if (__copy_to_user(u_platform, k_platform, len))
			return -EFAULT;
	}

	/*
	 * If this architecture has a "base" platform capability
	 * string, copy it to userspace.
	 */
	u_base_platform = NULL;
	if (k_base_platform) {
		size_t len = strlen(k_base_platform) + 1;

		u_base_platform = (elf_addr_t __user *)STACK_ALLOC(p, len);
		if (__copy_to_user(u_base_platform, k_base_platform, len))
			return -EFAULT;
	}

	/*
	 * Generate 16 random bytes for userspace PRNG seeding.
	 */
	get_random_bytes(k_rand_bytes, sizeof(k_rand_bytes));
	u_rand_bytes = (elf_addr_t __user *)
		       STACK_ALLOC(p, sizeof(k_rand_bytes));
	if (__copy_to_user(u_rand_bytes, k_rand_bytes, sizeof(k_rand_bytes)))
		return -EFAULT;

	/* Create the ELF interpreter info */
	elf_info = (elf_addr_t *)current->mm->saved_auxv;
	/* update AT_VECTOR_SIZE_BASE if the number of NEW_AUX_ENT() changes */
#define NEW_AUX_ENT(id, val) \
	do { \
		elf_info[ei_index++] = id; \
		elf_info[ei_index++] = val; \
	} while (0)

#ifdef ARCH_DLINFO
	/* 
	 * ARCH_DLINFO must come first so PPC can do its special alignment of
	 * AUXV.
	 * update AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH if the number of NEW_AUX_ENT() in
	 * ARCH_DLINFO changes
	 */
	ARCH_DLINFO;
#endif
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_HWCAP, ELF_HWCAP);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PAGESZ, ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_CLKTCK, CLOCKS_PER_SEC);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHDR, load_addr + exec->e_phoff);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHENT, sizeof(struct elf_phdr));
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHNUM, exec->e_phnum);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_BASE, interp_load_addr);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_FLAGS, 0);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_ENTRY, exec->e_entry);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_UID, cred->uid);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EUID, cred->euid);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_GID, cred->gid);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EGID, cred->egid);
 	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_SECURE, security_bprm_secureexec(bprm));
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_RANDOM, (elf_addr_t)(unsigned long)u_rand_bytes);
	NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EXECFN, bprm->exec);
	if (k_platform) {
		NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PLATFORM,
			    (elf_addr_t)(unsigned long)u_platform);
	}
	if (k_base_platform) {
		NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_BASE_PLATFORM,
			    (elf_addr_t)(unsigned long)u_base_platform);
	}
	if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_EXECFD) {
		NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EXECFD, bprm->interp_data);
	}
#undef NEW_AUX_ENT
	/* AT_NULL is zero; clear the rest too */
	memset(&elf_info[ei_index], 0,
	       sizeof current->mm->saved_auxv - ei_index * sizeof elf_info[0]);

	/* And advance past the AT_NULL entry.  */
	ei_index += 2;

	sp = STACK_ADD(p, ei_index);

	items = (argc + 1) + (envc + 1) + 1;
	bprm->p = STACK_ROUND(sp, items);

	/* Point sp at the lowest address on the stack */
#ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP
	sp = (elf_addr_t __user *)bprm->p - items - ei_index;
	bprm->exec = (unsigned long)sp; /* XXX: PARISC HACK */
#else
	sp = (elf_addr_t __user *)bprm->p;
#endif


	/*
	 * Grow the stack manually; some architectures have a limit on how
	 * far ahead a user-space access may be in order to grow the stack.
	 */
	vma = find_extend_vma(current->mm, bprm->p);
	if (!vma)
		return -EFAULT;

	/* Now, let's put argc (and argv, envp if appropriate) on the stack */
	if (__put_user(argc, sp++))
		return -EFAULT;
	argv = sp;
	envp = argv + argc + 1;

	/* Populate argv and envp */
	p = current->mm->arg_end = current->mm->arg_start;
	while (argc-- > 0) {
		size_t len;
		if (__put_user((elf_addr_t)p, argv++))
			return -EFAULT;
		len = strnlen_user((void __user *)p, MAX_ARG_STRLEN);
		if (!len || len > MAX_ARG_STRLEN)
			return -EINVAL;
		p += len;
	}
	if (__put_user(0, argv))
		return -EFAULT;
	current->mm->arg_end = current->mm->env_start = p;
	while (envc-- > 0) {
		size_t len;
		if (__put_user((elf_addr_t)p, envp++))
			return -EFAULT;
		len = strnlen_user((void __user *)p, MAX_ARG_STRLEN);
		if (!len || len > MAX_ARG_STRLEN)
			return -EINVAL;
		p += len;
	}
	if (__put_user(0, envp))
		return -EFAULT;
	current->mm->env_end = p;

	/* Put the elf_info on the stack in the right place.  */
	sp = (elf_addr_t __user *)envp + 1;
	if (copy_to_user(sp, elf_info, ei_index * sizeof(elf_addr_t)))
		return -EFAULT;
	return 0;
}

static unsigned long elf_map(struct file *filep, unsigned long addr,
		struct elf_phdr *eppnt, int prot, int type,
		unsigned long total_size)
{
	unsigned long map_addr;
	unsigned long size = eppnt->p_filesz + ELF_PAGEOFFSET(eppnt->p_vaddr);
	unsigned long off = eppnt->p_offset - ELF_PAGEOFFSET(eppnt->p_vaddr);
	addr = ELF_PAGESTART(addr);
	size = ELF_PAGEALIGN(size);

	/* mmap() will return -EINVAL if given a zero size, but a
	 * segment with zero filesize is perfectly valid */
	if (!size)
		return addr;

	down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	/*
	* total_size is the size of the ELF (interpreter) image.
	* The _first_ mmap needs to know the full size, otherwise
	* randomization might put this image into an overlapping
	* position with the ELF binary image. (since size < total_size)
	* So we first map the 'big' image - and unmap the remainder at
	* the end. (which unmap is needed for ELF images with holes.)
	*/
	if (total_size) {
		total_size = ELF_PAGEALIGN(total_size);
		map_addr = do_mmap(filep, addr, total_size, prot, type, off);
		if (!BAD_ADDR(map_addr))
			do_munmap(current->mm, map_addr+size, total_size-size);
	} else
		map_addr = do_mmap(filep, addr, size, prot, type, off);

	up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	return(map_addr);
}

static unsigned long total_mapping_size(struct elf_phdr *cmds, int nr)
{
	int i, first_idx = -1, last_idx = -1;

	for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
		if (cmds[i].p_type == PT_LOAD) {
			last_idx = i;
			if (first_idx == -1)
				first_idx = i;
		}
	}
	if (first_idx == -1)
		return 0;

	return cmds[last_idx].p_vaddr + cmds[last_idx].p_memsz -
				ELF_PAGESTART(cmds[first_idx].p_vaddr);
}


/* This is much more generalized than the library routine read function,
   so we keep this separate.  Technically the library read function
   is only provided so that we can read a.out libraries that have
   an ELF header */

static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
		struct file *interpreter, unsigned long *interp_map_addr,
		unsigned long no_base)
{
	struct elf_phdr *elf_phdata;
	struct elf_phdr *eppnt;
	unsigned long load_addr = 0;
	int load_addr_set = 0;
	unsigned long last_bss = 0, elf_bss = 0;
	unsigned long error = ~0UL;
	unsigned long total_size;
	int retval, i, size;

	/* First of all, some simple consistency checks */
	if (interp_elf_ex->e_type != ET_EXEC &&
	    interp_elf_ex->e_type != ET_DYN)
		goto out;
	if (!elf_check_arch(interp_elf_ex))
		goto out;
	if (!interpreter->f_op || !interpreter->f_op->mmap)
		goto out;

	/*
	 * If the size of this structure has changed, then punt, since
	 * we will be doing the wrong thing.
	 */
	if (interp_elf_ex->e_phentsize != sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
		goto out;
	if (interp_elf_ex->e_phnum < 1 ||
		interp_elf_ex->e_phnum > 65536U / sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
		goto out;

	/* Now read in all of the header information */
	size = sizeof(struct elf_phdr) * interp_elf_ex->e_phnum;
	if (size > ELF_MIN_ALIGN)
		goto out;
	elf_phdata = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!elf_phdata)
		goto out;

	retval = kernel_read(interpreter, interp_elf_ex->e_phoff,
			     (char *)elf_phdata, size);
	error = -EIO;
	if (retval != size) {
		if (retval < 0)
			error = retval;	
		goto out_close;
	}

	total_size = total_mapping_size(elf_phdata, interp_elf_ex->e_phnum);
	if (!total_size) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto out_close;
	}

	eppnt = elf_phdata;
	for (i = 0; i < interp_elf_ex->e_phnum; i++, eppnt++) {
		if (eppnt->p_type == PT_LOAD) {
			int elf_type = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE;
			int elf_prot = 0;
			unsigned long vaddr = 0;
			unsigned long k, map_addr;

			if (eppnt->p_flags & PF_R)
		    		elf_prot = PROT_READ;
			if (eppnt->p_flags & PF_W)
				elf_prot |= PROT_WRITE;
			if (eppnt->p_flags & PF_X)
				elf_prot |= PROT_EXEC;
			vaddr = eppnt->p_vaddr;
			if (interp_elf_ex->e_type == ET_EXEC || load_addr_set)
				elf_type |= MAP_FIXED;
			else if (no_base && interp_elf_ex->e_type == ET_DYN)
				load_addr = -vaddr;

			map_addr = elf_map(interpreter, load_addr + vaddr,
					eppnt, elf_prot, elf_type, total_size);
			total_size = 0;
			if (!*interp_map_addr)
				*interp_map_addr = map_addr;
			error = map_addr;
			if (BAD_ADDR(map_addr))
				goto out_close;

			if (!load_addr_set &&
			    interp_elf_ex->e_type == ET_DYN) {
				load_addr = map_addr - ELF_PAGESTART(vaddr);
				load_addr_set = 1;
			}

			/*
			 * Check to see if the section's size will overflow the
			 * allowed task size. Note that p_filesz must always be
			 * <= p_memsize so it's only necessary to check p_memsz.
			 */
			k = load_addr + eppnt->p_vaddr;
			if (BAD_ADDR(k) ||
			    eppnt->p_filesz > eppnt->p_memsz ||
			    eppnt->p_memsz > TASK_SIZE ||
			    TASK_SIZE - eppnt->p_memsz < k) {
				error = -ENOMEM;
				goto out_close;
			}

			/*
			 * Find the end of the file mapping for this phdr, and
			 * keep track of the largest address we see for this.
			 */
			k = load_addr + eppnt->p_vaddr + eppnt->p_filesz;
			if (k > elf_bss)
				elf_bss = k;

			/*
			 * Do the same thing for the memory mapping - between
			 * elf_bss and last_bss is the bss section.
			 */
			k = load_addr + eppnt->p_memsz + eppnt->p_vaddr;
			if (k > last_bss)
				last_bss = k;
		}
	}

	if (last_bss > elf_bss) {
		/*
		 * Now fill out the bss section.  First pad the last page up
		 * to the page boundary, and then perform a mmap to make sure
		 * that there are zero-mapped pages up to and including the
		 * last bss page.
		 */
		if (padzero(elf_bss)) {
			error = -EFAULT;
			goto out_close;
		}

		/* What we have mapped so far */
		elf_bss = ELF_PAGESTART(elf_bss + ELF_MIN_ALIGN - 1);

		/* Map the last of the bss segment */
		down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
		error = do_brk(elf_bss, last_bss - elf_bss);
		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
		if (BAD_ADDR(error))
			goto out_close;
	}

	error = load_addr;

out_close:
	kfree(elf_phdata);
out:
	return error;
}

/*
 * These are the functions used to load ELF style executables and shared
 * libraries.  There is no binary dependent code anywhere else.
 */

#define INTERPRETER_NONE 0
#define INTERPRETER_ELF 2

#ifndef STACK_RND_MASK
#define STACK_RND_MASK (0x7ff >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 12))	/* 8MB of VA */
#endif

static unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top)
{
	unsigned int random_variable = 0;

	if ((current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) &&
		!(current->personality & ADDR_NO_RANDOMIZE)) {
		random_variable = get_random_int() & STACK_RND_MASK;
		random_variable <<= PAGE_SHIFT;
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP
	return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) + random_variable;
#else
	return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) - random_variable;
#endif
}

static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct file *interpreter = NULL; /* to shut gcc up */
 	unsigned long load_addr = 0, load_bias = 0;
	int load_addr_set = 0;
	char * elf_interpreter = NULL;
	unsigned long error;
	struct elf_phdr *elf_ppnt, *elf_phdata;
	unsigned long elf_bss, elf_brk;
	int retval, i;
	unsigned int size;
	unsigned long elf_entry;
	unsigned long interp_load_addr = 0;
	unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data;
	unsigned long reloc_func_desc __maybe_unused = 0;
	int executable_stack = EXSTACK_DEFAULT;
	unsigned long def_flags = 0;
	struct {
		struct elfhdr elf_ex;
		struct elfhdr interp_elf_ex;
	} *loc;

	loc = kmalloc(sizeof(*loc), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!loc) {
		retval = -ENOMEM;
		goto out_ret;
	}
	
	/* Get the exec-header */
	loc->elf_ex = *((struct elfhdr *)bprm->buf);

	retval = -ENOEXEC;
	/* First of all, some simple consistency checks */
	if (memcmp(loc->elf_ex.e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0)
		goto out;

	if (loc->elf_ex.e_type != ET_EXEC && loc->elf_ex.e_type != ET_DYN)
		goto out;
	if (!elf_check_arch(&loc->elf_ex))
		goto out;
	if (!bprm->file->f_op || !bprm->file->f_op->mmap)
		goto out;

	/* Now read in all of the header information */
	if (loc->elf_ex.e_phentsize != sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
		goto out;
	if (loc->elf_ex.e_phnum < 1 ||
	 	loc->elf_ex.e_phnum > 65536U / sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
		goto out;
	size = loc->elf_ex.e_phnum * sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
	retval = -ENOMEM;
	elf_phdata = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!elf_phdata)
		goto out;

	retval = kernel_read(bprm->file, loc->elf_ex.e_phoff,
			     (char *)elf_phdata, size);
	if (retval != size) {
		if (retval >= 0)
			retval = -EIO;
		goto out_free_ph;
	}

	elf_ppnt = elf_phdata;
	elf_bss = 0;
	elf_brk = 0;

	start_code = ~0UL;
	end_code = 0;
	start_data = 0;
	end_data = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < loc->elf_ex.e_phnum; i++) {
		if (elf_ppnt->p_type == PT_INTERP) {
			/* This is the program interpreter used for
			 * shared libraries - for now assume that this
			 * is an a.out format binary
			 */
			retval = -ENOEXEC;
			if (elf_ppnt->p_filesz > PATH_MAX || 
			    elf_ppnt->p_filesz < 2)
				goto out_free_ph;

			retval = -ENOMEM;
			elf_interpreter = kmalloc(elf_ppnt->p_filesz,
						  GFP_KERNEL);
			if (!elf_interpreter)
				goto out_free_ph;

			retval = kernel_read(bprm->file, elf_ppnt->p_offset,
					     elf_interpreter,
					     elf_ppnt->p_filesz);
			if (retval != elf_ppnt->p_filesz) {
				if (retval >= 0)
					retval = -EIO;
				goto out_free_interp;
			}
			/* make sure path is NULL terminated */
			retval = -ENOEXEC;
			if (elf_interpreter[elf_ppnt->p_filesz - 1] != '\0')
				goto out_free_interp;

			interpreter = open_exec(elf_interpreter);
			retval = PTR_ERR(interpreter);
			if (IS_ERR(interpreter))
				goto out_free_interp;

			/*
			 * If the binary is not readable then enforce
			 * mm->dumpable = 0 regardless of the interpreter's
			 * permissions.
			 */
			if (file_permission(interpreter, MAY_READ) < 0)
				bprm->interp_flags |= BINPRM_FLAGS_ENFORCE_NONDUMP;

			retval = kernel_read(interpreter, 0, bprm->buf,
					     BINPRM_BUF_SIZE);
			if (retval != BINPRM_BUF_SIZE) {
				if (retval >= 0)
					retval = -EIO;
				goto out_free_dentry;
			}

			/* Get the exec headers */
			loc->interp_elf_ex = *((struct elfhdr *)bprm->buf);
			break;
		}
		elf_ppnt++;
	}

	elf_ppnt = elf_phdata;
	for (i = 0; i < loc->elf_ex.e_phnum; i++, elf_ppnt++)
		if (elf_ppnt->p_type == PT_GNU_STACK) {
			if (elf_ppnt->p_flags & PF_X)
				executable_stack = EXSTACK_ENABLE_X;
			else
				executable_stack = EXSTACK_DISABLE_X;
			break;
		}

	/* Some simple consistency checks for the interpreter */
	if (elf_interpreter) {
		retval = -ELIBBAD;
		/* Not an ELF interpreter */
		if (memcmp(loc->interp_elf_ex.e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0)
			goto out_free_dentry;
		/* Verify the interpreter has a valid arch */
		if (!elf_check_arch(&loc->interp_elf_ex))
			goto out_free_dentry;
	}

	/* Flush all traces of the currently running executable */
	retval = flush_old_exec(bprm);
	if (retval)
		goto out_free_dentry;

	/* OK, This is the point of no return */
	current->flags &= ~PF_FORKNOEXEC;
	current->mm->def_flags = def_flags;

	/* Do this immediately, since STACK_TOP as used in setup_arg_pages
	   may depend on the personality.  */
	SET_PERSONALITY(loc->elf_ex);
	if (elf_read_implies_exec(loc->elf_ex, executable_stack))
		current->personality |= READ_IMPLIES_EXEC;

	if (!(current->personality & ADDR_NO_RANDOMIZE) && randomize_va_space)
		current->flags |= PF_RANDOMIZE;

	setup_new_exec(bprm);

	/* Do this so that we can load the interpreter, if need be.  We will
	   change some of these later */
	current->mm->free_area_cache = current->mm->mmap_base;
	current->mm->cached_hole_size = 0;
	retval = setup_arg_pages(bprm, randomize_stack_top(STACK_TOP),
				 executable_stack);
	if (retval < 0) {
		send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
		goto out_free_dentry;
	}
	
	current->mm->start_stack = bprm->p;

	/* Now we do a little grungy work by mmapping the ELF image into
	   the correct location in memory. */
	for(i = 0, elf_ppnt = elf_phdata;
	    i < loc->elf_ex.e_phnum; i++, elf_ppnt++) {
		int elf_prot = 0, elf_flags;
		unsigned long k, vaddr;

		if (elf_ppnt->p_type != PT_LOAD)
			continue;

		if (unlikely (elf_brk > elf_bss)) {
			unsigned long nbyte;
	            
			/* There was a PT_LOAD segment with p_memsz > p_filesz
			   before this one. Map anonymous pages, if needed,
			   and clear the area.  */
			retval = set_brk(elf_bss + load_bias,
					 elf_brk + load_bias);
			if (retval) {
				send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
				goto out_free_dentry;
			}
			nbyte = ELF_PAGEOFFSET(elf_bss);
			if (nbyte) {
				nbyte = ELF_MIN_ALIGN - nbyte;
				if (nbyte > elf_brk - elf_bss)
					nbyte = elf_brk - elf_bss;
				if (clear_user((void __user *)elf_bss +
							load_bias, nbyte)) {
					/*
					 * This bss-zeroing can fail if the ELF
					 * file specifies odd protections. So
					 * we don't check the return value
					 */
				}
			}
		}

		if (elf_ppnt->p_flags & PF_R)
			elf_prot |= PROT_READ;
		if (elf_ppnt->p_flags & PF_W)
			elf_prot |= PROT_WRITE;
		if (elf_ppnt->p_flags & PF_X)
			elf_prot |= PROT_EXEC;

		elf_flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE | MAP_EXECUTABLE;

		vaddr = elf_ppnt->p_vaddr;
		if (loc->elf_ex.e_type == ET_EXEC || load_addr_set) {
			elf_flags |= MAP_FIXED;
		} else if (loc->elf_ex.e_type == ET_DYN) {
			/* Try and get dynamic programs out of the way of the
			 * default mmap base, as well as whatever program they
			 * might try to exec.  This is because the brk will
			 * follow the loader, and is not movable.  */
#if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_ARM)
			/* Memory randomization might have been switched off
			 * in runtime via sysctl.
			 * If that is the case, retain the original non-zero
			 * load_bias value in order to establish proper
			 * non-randomized mappings.
			 */
			if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE)
				load_bias = 0;
			else
				load_bias = ELF_PAGESTART(ELF_ET_DYN_BASE - vaddr);
#else
			load_bias = ELF_PAGESTART(ELF_ET_DYN_BASE - vaddr);
#endif
		}

		error = elf_map(bprm->file, load_bias + vaddr, elf_ppnt,
				elf_prot, elf_flags, 0);
		if (BAD_ADDR(error)) {
			send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
			retval = IS_ERR((void *)error) ?
				PTR_ERR((void*)error) : -EINVAL;
			goto out_free_dentry;
		}

		if (!load_addr_set) {
			load_addr_set = 1;
			load_addr = (elf_ppnt->p_vaddr - elf_ppnt->p_offset);
			if (loc->elf_ex.e_type == ET_DYN) {
				load_bias += error -
				             ELF_PAGESTART(load_bias + vaddr);
				load_addr += load_bias;
				reloc_func_desc = load_bias;
			}
		}
		k = elf_ppnt->p_vaddr;
		if (k < start_code)
			start_code = k;
		if (start_data < k)
			start_data = k;

		/*
		 * Check to see if the section's size will overflow the
		 * allowed task size. Note that p_filesz must always be
		 * <= p_memsz so it is only necessary to check p_memsz.
		 */
		if (BAD_ADDR(k) || elf_ppnt->p_filesz > elf_ppnt->p_memsz ||
		    elf_ppnt->p_memsz > TASK_SIZE ||
		    TASK_SIZE - elf_ppnt->p_memsz < k) {
			/* set_brk can never work. Avoid overflows. */
			send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
			retval = -EINVAL;
			goto out_free_dentry;
		}

		k = elf_ppnt->p_vaddr + elf_ppnt->p_filesz;

		if (k > elf_bss)
			elf_bss = k;
		if ((elf_ppnt->p_flags & PF_X) && end_code < k)
			end_code = k;
		if (end_data < k)
			end_data = k;
		k = elf_ppnt->p_vaddr + elf_ppnt->p_memsz;
		if (k > elf_brk)
			elf_brk = k;
	}

	loc->elf_ex.e_entry += load_bias;
	elf_bss += load_bias;
	elf_brk += load_bias;
	start_code += load_bias;
	end_code += load_bias;
	start_data += load_bias;
	end_data += load_bias;

	/* Calling set_brk effectively mmaps the pages that we need
	 * for the bss and break sections.  We must do this before
	 * mapping in the interpreter, to make sure it doesn't wind
	 * up getting placed where the bss needs to go.
	 */
	retval = set_brk(elf_bss, elf_brk);
	if (retval) {
		send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
		goto out_free_dentry;
	}
	if (likely(elf_bss != elf_brk) && unlikely(padzero(elf_bss))) {
		send_sig(SIGSEGV, current, 0);
		retval = -EFAULT; /* Nobody gets to see this, but.. */
		goto out_free_dentry;
	}

	if (elf_interpreter) {
		unsigned long uninitialized_var(interp_map_addr);

		elf_entry = load_elf_interp(&loc->interp_elf_ex,
					    interpreter,
					    &interp_map_addr,
					    load_bias);
		if (!IS_ERR((void *)elf_entry)) {
			/*
			 * load_elf_interp() returns relocation
			 * adjustment
			 */
			interp_load_addr = elf_entry;
			elf_entry += loc->interp_elf_ex.e_entry;
		}
		if (BAD_ADDR(elf_entry)) {
			force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
			retval = IS_ERR((void *)elf_entry) ?
					(int)elf_entry : -EINVAL;
			goto out_free_dentry;
		}
		reloc_func_desc = interp_load_addr;

		allow_write_access(interpreter);
		fput(interpreter);
		kfree(elf_interpreter);
	} else {
		elf_entry = loc->elf_ex.e_entry;
		if (BAD_ADDR(elf_entry)) {
			force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
			retval = -EINVAL;
			goto out_free_dentry;
		}
	}

	kfree(elf_phdata);

	set_binfmt(&elf_format);

#ifdef ARCH_HAS_SETUP_ADDITIONAL_PAGES
	retval = arch_setup_additional_pages(bprm, !!elf_interpreter);
	if (retval < 0) {
		send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
		goto out;
	}
#endif /* ARCH_HAS_SETUP_ADDITIONAL_PAGES */

	install_exec_creds(bprm);
	current->flags &= ~PF_FORKNOEXEC;
	retval = create_elf_tables(bprm, &loc->elf_ex,
			  load_addr, interp_load_addr);
	if (retval < 0) {
		send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
		goto out;
	}
	/* N.B. passed_fileno might not be initialized? */
	current->mm->end_code = end_code;
	current->mm->start_code = start_code;
	current->mm->start_data = start_data;
	current->mm->end_data = end_data;
	current->mm->start_stack = bprm->p;

#ifdef arch_randomize_brk
	if ((current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) && (randomize_va_space > 1)) {
		current->mm->brk = current->mm->start_brk =
			arch_randomize_brk(current->mm);
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK
		current->brk_randomized = 1;
#endif
	}
#endif

	if (current->personality & MMAP_PAGE_ZERO) {
		/* Why this, you ask???  Well SVr4 maps page 0 as read-only,
		   and some applications "depend" upon this behavior.
		   Since we do not have the power to recompile these, we
		   emulate the SVr4 behavior. Sigh. */
		down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
		error = do_mmap(NULL, 0, PAGE_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_EXEC,
				MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE, 0);
		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	}

#ifdef ELF_PLAT_INIT
	/*
	 * The ABI may specify that certain registers be set up in special
	 * ways (on i386 %edx is the address of a DT_FINI function, for
	 * example.  In addition, it may also specify (eg, PowerPC64 ELF)
	 * that the e_entry field is the address of the function descriptor
	 * for the startup routine, rather than the address of the startup
	 * routine itself.  This macro performs whatever initialization to
	 * the regs structure is required as well as any relocations to the
	 * function descriptor entries when executing dynamically links apps.
	 */
	ELF_PLAT_INIT(regs, reloc_func_desc);
#endif

	start_thread(regs, elf_entry, bprm->p);
	retval = 0;
out:
	kfree(loc);
out_ret:
	return retval;

	/* error cleanup */
out_free_dentry:
	allow_write_access(interpreter);
	if (interpreter)
		fput(interpreter);
out_free_interp:
	kfree(elf_interpreter);
out_free_ph:
	kfree(elf_phdata);
	goto out;
}

/* This is really simpleminded and specialized - we are loading an
   a.out library that is given an ELF header. */
static int load_elf_library(struct file *file)
{
	struct elf_phdr *elf_phdata;
	struct elf_phdr *eppnt;
	unsigned long elf_bss, bss, len;
	int retval, error, i, j;
	struct elfhdr elf_ex;

	error = -ENOEXEC;
	retval = kernel_read(file, 0, (char *)&elf_ex, sizeof(elf_ex));
	if (retval != sizeof(elf_ex))
		goto out;

	if (memcmp(elf_ex.e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0)
		goto out;

	/* First of all, some simple consistency checks */
	if (elf_ex.e_type != ET_EXEC || elf_ex.e_phnum > 2 ||
	    !elf_check_arch(&elf_ex) || !file->f_op || !file->f_op->mmap)
		goto out;

	/* Now read in all of the header information */

	j = sizeof(struct elf_phdr) * elf_ex.e_phnum;
	/* j < ELF_MIN_ALIGN because elf_ex.e_phnum <= 2 */

	error = -ENOMEM;
	elf_phdata = kmalloc(j, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!elf_phdata)
		goto out;

	eppnt = elf_phdata;
	error = -ENOEXEC;
	retval = kernel_read(file, elf_ex.e_phoff, (char *)eppnt, j);
	if (retval != j)
		goto out_free_ph;

	for (j = 0, i = 0; i<elf_ex.e_phnum; i++)
		if ((eppnt + i)->p_type == PT_LOAD)
			j++;
	if (j != 1)
		goto out_free_ph;

	while (eppnt->p_type != PT_LOAD)
		eppnt++;

	/* Now use mmap to map the library into memory. */
	down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	error = do_mmap(file,
			ELF_PAGESTART(eppnt->p_vaddr),
			(eppnt->p_filesz +
			 ELF_PAGEOFFSET(eppnt->p_vaddr)),
			PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC,
			MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE,
			(eppnt->p_offset -
			 ELF_PAGEOFFSET(eppnt->p_vaddr)));
	up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	if (error != ELF_PAGESTART(eppnt->p_vaddr))
		goto out_free_ph;

	elf_bss = eppnt->p_vaddr + eppnt->p_filesz;
	if (padzero(elf_bss)) {
		error = -EFAULT;
		goto out_free_ph;
	}

	len = ELF_PAGESTART(eppnt->p_filesz + eppnt->p_vaddr +
			    ELF_MIN_ALIGN - 1);
	bss = eppnt->p_memsz + eppnt->p_vaddr;
	if (bss > len) {
		down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
		do_brk(len, bss - len);
		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
	}
	error = 0;

out_free_ph:
	kfree(elf_phdata);
out:
	return error;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
/*
 * ELF core dumper
 *
 * Modelled on fs/exec.c:aout_core_dump()
 * Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@sw.oz.au>
 */

/*
 * Decide what to dump of a segment, part, all or none.
 */
static unsigned long vma_dump_size(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				   unsigned long mm_flags)
{
#define FILTER(type)	(mm_flags & (1UL << MMF_DUMP_##type))

	/* The vma can be set up to tell us the answer directly.  */
	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ALWAYSDUMP)
		goto whole;

	/* Hugetlb memory check */
	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
		if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(HUGETLB_SHARED))
			goto whole;
		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(HUGETLB_PRIVATE))
			goto whole;
	}

	/* Do not dump I/O mapped devices or special mappings */
	if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_RESERVED))
		return 0;

	/* By default, dump shared memory if mapped from an anonymous file. */
	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
		if (vma->vm_file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_nlink == 0 ?
		    FILTER(ANON_SHARED) : FILTER(MAPPED_SHARED))
			goto whole;
		return 0;
	}

	/* Dump segments that have been written to.  */
	if (vma->anon_vma && FILTER(ANON_PRIVATE))
		goto whole;
	if (vma->vm_file == NULL)
		return 0;

	if (FILTER(MAPPED_PRIVATE))
		goto whole;

	/*
	 * If this looks like the beginning of a DSO or executable mapping,
	 * check for an ELF header.  If we find one, dump the first page to
	 * aid in determining what was mapped here.
	 */
	if (FILTER(ELF_HEADERS) &&
	    vma->vm_pgoff == 0 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
		u32 __user *header = (u32 __user *) vma->vm_start;
		u32 word;
		mm_segment_t fs = get_fs();
		/*
		 * Doing it this way gets the constant folded by GCC.
		 */
		union {
			u32 cmp;
			char elfmag[SELFMAG];
		} magic;
		BUILD_BUG_ON(SELFMAG != sizeof word);
		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG0] = ELFMAG0;
		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG1] = ELFMAG1;
		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG2] = ELFMAG2;
		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG3] = ELFMAG3;
		/*
		 * Switch to the user "segment" for get_user(),
		 * then put back what elf_core_dump() had in place.
		 */
		set_fs(USER_DS);
		if (unlikely(get_user(word, header)))
			word = 0;
		set_fs(fs);
		if (word == magic.cmp)
			return PAGE_SIZE;
	}

#undef	FILTER

	return 0;

whole:
	return vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
}

/* An ELF note in memory */
struct memelfnote
{
	const char *name;
	int type;
	unsigned int datasz;
	void *data;
};

static int notesize(struct memelfnote *en)
{
	int sz;

	sz = sizeof(struct elf_note);
	sz += roundup(strlen(en->name) + 1, 4);
	sz += roundup(en->datasz, 4);

	return sz;
}

#define DUMP_WRITE(addr, nr, foffset)	\
	do { if (!dump_write(file, (addr), (nr))) return 0; *foffset += (nr); } while(0)

static int alignfile(struct file *file, loff_t *foffset)
{
	static const char buf[4] = { 0, };
	DUMP_WRITE(buf, roundup(*foffset, 4) - *foffset, foffset);
	return 1;
}

static int writenote(struct memelfnote *men, struct file *file,
			loff_t *foffset)
{
	struct elf_note en;
	en.n_namesz = strlen(men->name) + 1;
	en.n_descsz = men->datasz;
	en.n_type = men->type;

	DUMP_WRITE(&en, sizeof(en), foffset);
	DUMP_WRITE(men->name, en.n_namesz, foffset);
	if (!alignfile(file, foffset))
		return 0;
	DUMP_WRITE(men->data, men->datasz, foffset);
	if (!alignfile(file, foffset))
		return 0;

	return 1;
}
#undef DUMP_WRITE

static void fill_elf_header(struct elfhdr *elf, int segs,
			    u16 machine, u32 flags, u8 osabi)
{
	memset(elf, 0, sizeof(*elf));

	memcpy(elf->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
	elf->e_ident[EI_CLASS] = ELF_CLASS;
	elf->e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELF_DATA;
	elf->e_ident[EI_VERSION] = EV_CURRENT;
	elf->e_ident[EI_OSABI] = ELF_OSABI;

	elf->e_type = ET_CORE;
	elf->e_machine = machine;
	elf->e_version = EV_CURRENT;
	elf->e_phoff = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
	elf->e_flags = flags;
	elf->e_ehsize = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
	elf->e_phentsize = sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
	elf->e_phnum = segs;

	return;
}

static void fill_elf_note_phdr(struct elf_phdr *phdr, int sz, loff_t offset)
{
	phdr->p_type = PT_NOTE;
	phdr->p_offset = offset;
	phdr->p_vaddr = 0;
	phdr->p_paddr = 0;
	phdr->p_filesz = sz;
	phdr->p_memsz = 0;
	phdr->p_flags = 0;
	phdr->p_align = 0;
	return;
}

static void fill_note(struct memelfnote *note, const char *name, int type, 
		unsigned int sz, void *data)
{
	note->name = name;
	note->type = type;
	note->datasz = sz;
	note->data = data;
	return;
}

/*
 * fill up all the fields in prstatus from the given task struct, except
 * registers which need to be filled up separately.
 */
static void fill_prstatus(struct elf_prstatus *prstatus,
		struct task_struct *p, long signr)
{
	prstatus->pr_info.si_signo = prstatus->pr_cursig = signr;
	prstatus->pr_sigpend = p->pending.signal.sig[0];
	prstatus->pr_sighold = p->blocked.sig[0];
	rcu_read_lock();
	prstatus->pr_ppid = task_pid_vnr(rcu_dereference(p->real_parent));
	rcu_read_unlock();
	prstatus->pr_pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
	prstatus->pr_pgrp = task_pgrp_vnr(p);
	prstatus->pr_sid = task_session_vnr(p);
	if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
		struct task_cputime cputime;

		/*
		 * This is the record for the group leader.  It shows the
		 * group-wide total, not its individual thread total.
		 */
		thread_group_cputime(p, &cputime);
		cputime_to_timeval(cputime.utime, &prstatus->pr_utime);
		cputime_to_timeval(cputime.stime, &prstatus->pr_stime);
	} else {
		cputime_to_timeval(p->utime, &prstatus->pr_utime);
		cputime_to_timeval(p->stime, &prstatus->pr_stime);
	}
	cputime_to_timeval(p->signal->cutime, &prstatus->pr_cutime);
	cputime_to_timeval(p->signal->cstime, &prstatus->pr_cstime);
}

static int fill_psinfo(struct elf_prpsinfo *psinfo, struct task_struct *p,
		       struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	const struct cred *cred;
	unsigned int i, len;
	
	/* first copy the parameters from user space */
	memset(psinfo, 0, sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo));

	len = mm->arg_end - mm->arg_start;
	if (len >= ELF_PRARGSZ)
		len = ELF_PRARGSZ-1;
	if (copy_from_user(&psinfo->pr_psargs,
		           (const char __user *)mm->arg_start, len))
		return -EFAULT;
	for(i = 0; i < len; i++)
		if (psinfo->pr_psargs[i] == 0)
			psinfo->pr_psargs[i] = ' ';
	psinfo->pr_psargs[len] = 0;

	rcu_read_lock();
	psinfo->pr_ppid = task_pid_vnr(rcu_dereference(p->real_parent));
	rcu_read_unlock();
	psinfo->pr_pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
	psinfo->pr_pgrp = task_pgrp_vnr(p);
	psinfo->pr_sid = task_session_vnr(p);

	i = p->state ? ffz(~p->state) + 1 : 0;
	psinfo->pr_state = i;
	psinfo->pr_sname = (i > 5) ? '.' : "RSDTZW"[i];
	psinfo->pr_zomb = psinfo->pr_sname == 'Z';
	psinfo->pr_nice = task_nice(p);
	psinfo->pr_flag = p->flags;
	rcu_read_lock();
	cred = __task_cred(p);
	SET_UID(psinfo->pr_uid, cred->uid);
	SET_GID(psinfo->pr_gid, cred->gid);
	rcu_read_unlock();
	strncpy(psinfo->pr_fname, p->comm, sizeof(psinfo->pr_fname));
	
	return 0;
}

static void fill_auxv_note(struct memelfnote *note, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	elf_addr_t *auxv = (elf_addr_t *) mm->saved_auxv;
	int i = 0;
	do
		i += 2;
	while (auxv[i - 2] != AT_NULL);
	fill_note(note, "CORE", NT_AUXV, i * sizeof(elf_addr_t), auxv);
}

#ifdef CORE_DUMP_USE_REGSET
#include <linux/regset.h>

struct elf_thread_core_info {
	struct elf_thread_core_info *next;
	struct task_struct *task;
	struct elf_prstatus prstatus;
	struct memelfnote notes[0];
};

struct elf_note_info {
	struct elf_thread_core_info *thread;
	struct memelfnote psinfo;
	struct memelfnote auxv;
	size_t size;
	int thread_notes;
};

/*
 * When a regset has a writeback hook, we call it on each thread before
 * dumping user memory.  On register window machines, this makes sure the
 * user memory backing the register data is up to date before we read it.
 */
static void do_thread_regset_writeback(struct task_struct *task,
				       const struct user_regset *regset)
{
	if (regset->writeback)
		regset->writeback(task, regset, 1);
}

static int fill_thread_core_info(struct elf_thread_core_info *t,
				 const struct user_regset_view *view,
				 long signr, size_t *total)
{
	unsigned int i;

	/*
	 * NT_PRSTATUS is the one special case, because the regset data
	 * goes into the pr_reg field inside the note contents, rather
	 * than being the whole note contents.  We fill the reset in here.
	 * We assume that regset 0 is NT_PRSTATUS.
	 */
	fill_prstatus(&t->prstatus, t->task, signr);
	(void) view->regsets[0].get(t->task, &view->regsets[0],
				    0, sizeof(t->prstatus.pr_reg),
				    &t->prstatus.pr_reg, NULL);

	fill_note(&t->notes[0], "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS,
		  sizeof(t->prstatus), &t->prstatus);
	*total += notesize(&t->notes[0]);

	do_thread_regset_writeback(t->task, &view->regsets[0]);

	/*
	 * Each other regset might generate a note too.  For each regset
	 * that has no core_note_type or is inactive, we leave t->notes[i]
	 * all zero and we'll know to skip writing it later.
	 */
	for (i = 1; i < view->n; ++i) {
		const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[i];
		do_thread_regset_writeback(t->task, regset);
		if (regset->core_note_type &&
		    (!regset->active || regset->active(t->task, regset))) {
			int ret;
			size_t size = regset->n * regset->size;
			void *data = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
			if (unlikely(!data))
				return 0;
			ret = regset->get(t->task, regset,
					  0, size, data, NULL);
			if (unlikely(ret))
				kfree(data);
			else {
				if (regset->core_note_type != NT_PRFPREG)
					fill_note(&t->notes[i], "LINUX",
						  regset->core_note_type,
						  size, data);
				else {
					t->prstatus.pr_fpvalid = 1;
					fill_note(&t->notes[i], "CORE",
						  NT_PRFPREG, size, data);
				}
				*total += notesize(&t->notes[i]);
			}
		}
	}

	return 1;
}

static int fill_note_info(struct elfhdr *elf, int phdrs,
			  struct elf_note_info *info,
			  long signr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct task_struct *dump_task = current;
	const struct user_regset_view *view = task_user_regset_view(dump_task);
	struct elf_thread_core_info *t;
	struct elf_prpsinfo *psinfo;
	struct core_thread *ct;
	unsigned int i;

	info->size = 0;
	info->thread = NULL;

	psinfo = kmalloc(sizeof(*psinfo), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (psinfo == NULL)
		return 0;

	fill_note(&info->psinfo, "CORE", NT_PRPSINFO, sizeof(*psinfo), psinfo);

	/*
	 * Figure out how many notes we're going to need for each thread.
	 */
	info->thread_notes = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < view->n; ++i)
		if (view->regsets[i].core_note_type != 0)
			++info->thread_notes;

	/*
	 * Sanity check.  We rely on regset 0 being in NT_PRSTATUS,
	 * since it is our one special case.
	 */
	if (unlikely(info->thread_notes == 0) ||
	    unlikely(view->regsets[0].core_note_type != NT_PRSTATUS)) {
		WARN_ON(1);
		return 0;
	}

	/*
	 * Initialize the ELF file header.
	 */
	fill_elf_header(elf, phdrs,
			view->e_machine, view->e_flags, view->ei_osabi);

	/*
	 * Allocate a structure for each thread.
	 */
	for (ct = &dump_task->mm->core_state->dumper; ct; ct = ct->next) {
		t = kzalloc(offsetof(struct elf_thread_core_info,
				     notes[info->thread_notes]),
			    GFP_KERNEL);
		if (unlikely(!t))
			return 0;

		t->task = ct->task;
		if (ct->task == dump_task || !info->thread) {
			t->next = info->thread;
			info->thread = t;
		} else {
			/*
			 * Make sure to keep the original task at
			 * the head of the list.
			 */
			t->next = info->thread->next;
			info->thread->next = t;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Now fill in each thread's information.
	 */
	for (t = info->thread; t != NULL; t = t->next)
		if (!fill_thread_core_info(t, view, signr, &info->size))
			return 0;

	/*
	 * Fill in the two process-wide notes.
	 */
	fill_psinfo(psinfo, dump_task->group_leader, dump_task->mm);
	info->size += notesize(&info->psinfo);

	fill_auxv_note(&info->auxv, current->mm);
	info->size += notesize(&info->auxv);

	return 1;
}

static size_t get_note_info_size(struct elf_note_info *info)
{
	return info->size;
}

/*
 * Write all the notes for each thread.  When writing the first thread, the
 * process-wide notes are interleaved after the first thread-specific note.
 */
static int write_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info,
			   struct file *file, loff_t *foffset)
{
	bool first = 1;
	struct elf_thread_core_info *t = info->thread;

	do {
		int i;

		if (!writenote(&t->notes[0], file, foffset))
			return 0;

		if (first && !writenote(&info->psinfo, file, foffset))
			return 0;
		if (first && !writenote(&info->auxv, file, foffset))
			return 0;

		for (i = 1; i < info->thread_notes; ++i)
			if (t->notes[i].data &&
			    !writenote(&t->notes[i], file, foffset))
				return 0;

		first = 0;
		t = t->next;
	} while (t);

	return 1;
}

static void free_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info)
{
	struct elf_thread_core_info *threads = info->thread;
	while (threads) {
		unsigned int i;
		struct elf_thread_core_info *t = threads;
		threads = t->next;
		WARN_ON(t->notes[0].data && t->notes[0].data != &t->prstatus);
		for (i = 1; i < info->thread_notes; ++i)
			kfree(t->notes[i].data);
		kfree(t);
	}
	kfree(info->psinfo.data);
}

#else

/* Here is the structure in which status of each thread is captured. */
struct elf_thread_status
{
	struct list_head list;
	struct elf_prstatus prstatus;	/* NT_PRSTATUS */
	elf_fpregset_t fpu;		/* NT_PRFPREG */
	struct task_struct *thread;
#ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
	elf_fpxregset_t xfpu;		/* ELF_CORE_XFPREG_TYPE */
#endif
	struct memelfnote notes[3];
	int num_notes;
};

/*
 * In order to add the specific thread information for the elf file format,
 * we need to keep a linked list of every threads pr_status and then create
 * a single section for them in the final core file.
 */
static int elf_dump_thread_status(long signr, struct elf_thread_status *t)
{
	int sz = 0;
	struct task_struct *p = t->thread;
	t->num_notes = 0;

	fill_prstatus(&t->prstatus, p, signr);
	elf_core_copy_task_regs(p, &t->prstatus.pr_reg);	
	
	fill_note(&t->notes[0], "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS, sizeof(t->prstatus),
		  &(t->prstatus));
	t->num_notes++;
	sz += notesize(&t->notes[0]);

	if ((t->prstatus.pr_fpvalid = elf_core_copy_task_fpregs(p, NULL,
								&t->fpu))) {
		fill_note(&t->notes[1], "CORE", NT_PRFPREG, sizeof(t->fpu),
			  &(t->fpu));
		t->num_notes++;
		sz += notesize(&t->notes[1]);
	}

#ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
	if (elf_core_copy_task_xfpregs(p, &t->xfpu)) {
		fill_note(&t->notes[2], "LINUX", ELF_CORE_XFPREG_TYPE,
			  sizeof(t->xfpu), &t->xfpu);
		t->num_notes++;
		sz += notesize(&t->notes[2]);
	}
#endif	
	return sz;
}

struct elf_note_info {
	struct memelfnote *notes;
	struct elf_prstatus *prstatus;	/* NT_PRSTATUS */
	struct elf_prpsinfo *psinfo;	/* NT_PRPSINFO */
	struct list_head thread_list;
	elf_fpregset_t *fpu;
#ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
	elf_fpxregset_t *xfpu;
#endif
	int thread_status_size;
	int numnote;
};

static int elf_note_info_init(struct elf_note_info *info)
{
	memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&info->thread_list);

	/* Allocate space for six ELF notes */
	info->notes = kmalloc(6 * sizeof(struct memelfnote), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!info->notes)
		return 0;
	info->psinfo = kmalloc(sizeof(*info->psinfo), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!info->psinfo)
		goto notes_free;
	info->prstatus = kmalloc(sizeof(*info->prstatus), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!info->prstatus)
		goto psinfo_free;
	info->fpu = kmalloc(sizeof(*info->fpu), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!info->fpu)
		goto prstatus_free;
#ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
	info->xfpu = kmalloc(sizeof(*info->xfpu), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!info->xfpu)
		goto fpu_free;
#endif
	return 1;
#ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
 fpu_free:
	kfree(info->fpu);
#endif
 prstatus_free:
	kfree(info->prstatus);
 psinfo_free:
	kfree(info->psinfo);
 notes_free:
	kfree(info->notes);
	return 0;
}

static int fill_note_info(struct elfhdr *elf, int phdrs,
			  struct elf_note_info *info,
			  long signr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct list_head *t;

	if (!elf_note_info_init(info))
		return 0;

	if (signr) {
		struct core_thread *ct;
		struct elf_thread_status *ets;

		for (ct = current->mm->core_state->dumper.next;
						ct; ct = ct->next) {
			ets = kzalloc(sizeof(*ets), GFP_KERNEL);
			if (!ets)
				return 0;

			ets->thread = ct->task;
			list_add(&ets->list, &info->thread_list);
		}

		list_for_each(t, &info->thread_list) {
			int sz;

			ets = list_entry(t, struct elf_thread_status, list);
			sz = elf_dump_thread_status(signr, ets);
			info->thread_status_size += sz;
		}
	}
	/* now collect the dump for the current */
	memset(info->prstatus, 0, sizeof(*info->prstatus));
	fill_prstatus(info->prstatus, current, signr);
	elf_core_copy_regs(&info->prstatus->pr_reg, regs);

	/* Set up header */
	fill_elf_header(elf, phdrs, ELF_ARCH, ELF_CORE_EFLAGS, ELF_OSABI);

	/*
	 * Set up the notes in similar form to SVR4 core dumps made
	 * with info from their /proc.
	 */

	fill_note(info->notes + 0, "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS,
		  sizeof(*info->prstatus), info->prstatus);
	fill_psinfo(info->psinfo, current->group_leader, current->mm);
	fill_note(info->notes + 1, "CORE", NT_PRPSINFO,
		  sizeof(*info->psinfo), info->psinfo);

	info->numnote = 2;

	fill_auxv_note(&info->notes[info->numnote++], current->mm);

	/* Try to dump the FPU. */
	info->prstatus->pr_fpvalid = elf_core_copy_task_fpregs(current, regs,
							       info->fpu);
	if (info->prstatus->pr_fpvalid)
		fill_note(info->notes + info->numnote++,
			  "CORE", NT_PRFPREG, sizeof(*info->fpu), info->fpu);
#ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
	if (elf_core_copy_task_xfpregs(current, info->xfpu))
		fill_note(info->notes + info->numnote++,
			  "LINUX", ELF_CORE_XFPREG_TYPE,
			  sizeof(*info->xfpu), info->xfpu);
#endif

	return 1;
}

static size_t get_note_info_size(struct elf_note_info *info)
{
	int sz = 0;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < info->numnote; i++)
		sz += notesize(info->notes + i);

	sz += info->thread_status_size;

	return sz;
}

static int write_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info,
			   struct file *file, loff_t *foffset)
{
	int i;
	struct list_head *t;

	for (i = 0; i < info->numnote; i++)
		if (!writenote(info->notes + i, file, foffset))
			return 0;

	/* write out the thread status notes section */
	list_for_each(t, &info->thread_list) {
		struct elf_thread_status *tmp =
				list_entry(t, struct elf_thread_status, list);

		for (i = 0; i < tmp->num_notes; i++)
			if (!writenote(&tmp->notes[i], file, foffset))
				return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

static void free_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info)
{
	while (!list_empty(&info->thread_list)) {
		struct list_head *tmp = info->thread_list.next;
		list_del(tmp);
		kfree(list_entry(tmp, struct elf_thread_status, list));
	}

	kfree(info->prstatus);
	kfree(info->psinfo);
	kfree(info->notes);
	kfree(info->fpu);
#ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
	kfree(info->xfpu);
#endif
}

#endif

static struct vm_area_struct *first_vma(struct task_struct *tsk,
					struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *ret = tsk->mm->mmap;

	if (ret)
		return ret;
	return gate_vma;
}
/*
 * Helper function for iterating across a vma list.  It ensures that the caller
 * will visit `gate_vma' prior to terminating the search.
 */
static struct vm_area_struct *next_vma(struct vm_area_struct *this_vma,
					struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *ret;

	ret = this_vma->vm_next;
	if (ret)
		return ret;
	if (this_vma == gate_vma)
		return NULL;
	return gate_vma;
}

static void fill_extnum_info(struct elfhdr *elf, struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum,
			     elf_addr_t e_shoff, int segs)
{
	elf->e_shoff = e_shoff;
	elf->e_shentsize = sizeof(*shdr4extnum);
	elf->e_shnum = 1;
	elf->e_shstrndx = SHN_UNDEF;

	memset(shdr4extnum, 0, sizeof(*shdr4extnum));

	shdr4extnum->sh_type = SHT_NULL;
	shdr4extnum->sh_size = elf->e_shnum;
	shdr4extnum->sh_link = elf->e_shstrndx;
	shdr4extnum->sh_info = segs;
}

static size_t elf_core_vma_data_size(struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma,
				     unsigned long mm_flags)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
	size_t size = 0;

	for (vma = first_vma(current, gate_vma); vma != NULL;
	     vma = next_vma(vma, gate_vma))
		size += vma_dump_size(vma, mm_flags);
	return size;
}

/*
 * Actual dumper
 *
 * This is a two-pass process; first we find the offsets of the bits,
 * and then they are actually written out.  If we run out of core limit
 * we just truncate.
 */
static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
{
	int has_dumped = 0;
	mm_segment_t fs;
	int segs;
	size_t size = 0;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma, *gate_vma;
	struct elfhdr *elf = NULL;
	loff_t offset = 0, dataoff, foffset;
	struct elf_note_info info;
	struct elf_phdr *phdr4note = NULL;
	struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum = NULL;
	Elf_Half e_phnum;
	elf_addr_t e_shoff;

	/*
	 * We no longer stop all VM operations.
	 * 
	 * This is because those proceses that could possibly change map_count
	 * or the mmap / vma pages are now blocked in do_exit on current
	 * finishing this core dump.
	 *
	 * Only ptrace can touch these memory addresses, but it doesn't change
	 * the map_count or the pages allocated. So no possibility of crashing
	 * exists while dumping the mm->vm_next areas to the core file.
	 */
  
	/* alloc memory for large data structures: too large to be on stack */
	elf = kmalloc(sizeof(*elf), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!elf)
		goto out;
	/*
	 * The number of segs are recored into ELF header as 16bit value.
	 * Please check DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT definition when you modify here.
	 */
	segs = current->mm->map_count;
	segs += elf_core_extra_phdrs();

	gate_vma = get_gate_vma(current->mm);
	if (gate_vma != NULL)
		segs++;

	/* for notes section */
	segs++;

	/* If segs > PN_XNUM(0xffff), then e_phnum overflows. To avoid
	 * this, kernel supports extended numbering. Have a look at
	 * include/linux/elf.h for further information. */
	e_phnum = segs > PN_XNUM ? PN_XNUM : segs;

	/*
	 * Collect all the non-memory information about the process for the
	 * notes.  This also sets up the file header.
	 */
	if (!fill_note_info(elf, e_phnum, &info, cprm->signr, cprm->regs))
		goto cleanup;

	has_dumped = 1;
	current->flags |= PF_DUMPCORE;
  
	fs = get_fs();
	set_fs(KERNEL_DS);

	offset += sizeof(*elf);				/* Elf header */
	offset += segs * sizeof(struct elf_phdr);	/* Program headers */
	foffset = offset;

	/* Write notes phdr entry */
	{
		size_t sz = get_note_info_size(&info);

		sz += elf_coredump_extra_notes_size();

		phdr4note = kmalloc(sizeof(*phdr4note), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!phdr4note)
			goto end_coredump;

		fill_elf_note_phdr(phdr4note, sz, offset);
		offset += sz;
	}

	dataoff = offset = roundup(offset, ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE);

	offset += elf_core_vma_data_size(gate_vma, cprm->mm_flags);
	offset += elf_core_extra_data_size();
	e_shoff = offset;

	if (e_phnum == PN_XNUM) {
		shdr4extnum = kmalloc(sizeof(*shdr4extnum), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!shdr4extnum)
			goto end_coredump;
		fill_extnum_info(elf, shdr4extnum, e_shoff, segs);
	}

	offset = dataoff;

	size += sizeof(*elf);
	if (size > cprm->limit || !dump_write(cprm->file, elf, sizeof(*elf)))
		goto end_coredump;

	size += sizeof(*phdr4note);
	if (size > cprm->limit
	    || !dump_write(cprm->file, phdr4note, sizeof(*phdr4note)))
		goto end_coredump;

	/* Write program headers for segments dump */
	for (vma = first_vma(current, gate_vma); vma != NULL;
			vma = next_vma(vma, gate_vma)) {
		struct elf_phdr phdr;

		phdr.p_type = PT_LOAD;
		phdr.p_offset = offset;
		phdr.p_vaddr = vma->vm_start;
		phdr.p_paddr = 0;
		phdr.p_filesz = vma_dump_size(vma, cprm->mm_flags);
		phdr.p_memsz = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
		offset += phdr.p_filesz;
		phdr.p_flags = vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PF_R : 0;
		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
			phdr.p_flags |= PF_W;
		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
			phdr.p_flags |= PF_X;
		phdr.p_align = ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE;

		size += sizeof(phdr);
		if (size > cprm->limit
		    || !dump_write(cprm->file, &phdr, sizeof(phdr)))
			goto end_coredump;
	}

	if (!elf_core_write_extra_phdrs(cprm->file, offset, &size, cprm->limit))
		goto end_coredump;

 	/* write out the notes section */
	if (!write_note_info(&info, cprm->file, &foffset))
		goto end_coredump;

	if (elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(cprm->file, &foffset))
		goto end_coredump;

	/* Align to page */
	if (!dump_seek(cprm->file, dataoff - foffset))
		goto end_coredump;

	for (vma = first_vma(current, gate_vma); vma != NULL;
			vma = next_vma(vma, gate_vma)) {
		unsigned long addr;
		unsigned long end;

		end = vma->vm_start + vma_dump_size(vma, cprm->mm_flags);

		for (addr = vma->vm_start; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
			struct page *page;
			int stop;

			page = get_dump_page(addr);
			if (page) {
				void *kaddr = kmap(page);
				stop = ((size += PAGE_SIZE) > cprm->limit) ||
					!dump_write(cprm->file, kaddr,
						    PAGE_SIZE);
				kunmap(page);
				page_cache_release(page);
			} else
				stop = !dump_seek(cprm->file, PAGE_SIZE);
			if (stop)
				goto end_coredump;
		}
	}

	if (!elf_core_write_extra_data(cprm->file, &size, cprm->limit))
		goto end_coredump;

	if (e_phnum == PN_XNUM) {
		size += sizeof(*shdr4extnum);
		if (size > cprm->limit
		    || !dump_write(cprm->file, shdr4extnum,
				   sizeof(*shdr4extnum)))
			goto end_coredump;
	}

end_coredump:
	set_fs(fs);

cleanup:
	free_note_info(&info);
	kfree(shdr4extnum);
	kfree(phdr4note);
	kfree(elf);
out:
	return has_dumped;
}

#endif		/* CONFIG_ELF_CORE */

static int __init init_elf_binfmt(void)
{
	return register_binfmt(&elf_format);
}

static void __exit exit_elf_binfmt(void)
{
	/* Remove the COFF and ELF loaders. */
	unregister_binfmt(&elf_format);
}

core_initcall(init_elf_binfmt);
module_exit(exit_elf_binfmt);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");