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/*
 * linux/kernel/irq/manage.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1992, 1998-2006 Linus Torvalds, Ingo Molnar
 * Copyright (C) 2005-2006 Thomas Gleixner
 *
 * This file contains driver APIs to the irq subsystem.
 */

#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include "internals.h"

#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_HARDIRQS)
cpumask_var_t irq_default_affinity;

/**
 *	synchronize_irq - wait for pending IRQ handlers (on other CPUs)
 *	@irq: interrupt number to wait for
 *
 *	This function waits for any pending IRQ handlers for this interrupt
 *	to complete before returning. If you use this function while
 *	holding a resource the IRQ handler may need you will deadlock.
 *
 *	This function may be called - with care - from IRQ context.
 */
void synchronize_irq(unsigned int irq)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	unsigned int status;

	if (!desc)
		return;

	do {
		unsigned long flags;

		/*
		 * Wait until we're out of the critical section.  This might
		 * give the wrong answer due to the lack of memory barriers.
		 */
		while (desc->status & IRQ_INPROGRESS)
			cpu_relax();

		/* Ok, that indicated we're done: double-check carefully. */
		spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);
		status = desc->status;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);

		/* Oops, that failed? */
	} while (status & IRQ_INPROGRESS);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(synchronize_irq);

/**
 *	irq_can_set_affinity - Check if the affinity of a given irq can be set
 *	@irq:		Interrupt to check
 *
 */
int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);

	if (CHECK_IRQ_PER_CPU(desc->status) || !desc->chip ||
	    !desc->chip->set_affinity)
		return 0;

	return 1;
}

/**
 *	irq_set_affinity - Set the irq affinity of a given irq
 *	@irq:		Interrupt to set affinity
 *	@cpumask:	cpumask
 *
 */
int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!desc->chip->set_affinity)
		return -EINVAL;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);

#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_PENDING_IRQ
	if (desc->status & IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT || desc->status & IRQ_DISABLED) {
		cpumask_copy(&desc->affinity, cpumask);
		desc->chip->set_affinity(irq, cpumask);
	} else {
		desc->status |= IRQ_MOVE_PENDING;
		cpumask_copy(&desc->pending_mask, cpumask);
	}
#else
	cpumask_copy(&desc->affinity, cpumask);
	desc->chip->set_affinity(irq, cpumask);
#endif
	desc->status |= IRQ_AFFINITY_SET;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
	return 0;
}

#ifndef CONFIG_AUTO_IRQ_AFFINITY
/*
 * Generic version of the affinity autoselector.
 */
int do_irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq, struct irq_desc *desc)
{
	if (!irq_can_set_affinity(irq))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * Preserve an userspace affinity setup, but make sure that
	 * one of the targets is online.
	 */
	if (desc->status & (IRQ_AFFINITY_SET | IRQ_NO_BALANCING)) {
		if (cpumask_any_and(&desc->affinity, cpu_online_mask)
		    < nr_cpu_ids)
			goto set_affinity;
		else
			desc->status &= ~IRQ_AFFINITY_SET;
	}

	cpumask_and(&desc->affinity, cpu_online_mask, irq_default_affinity);
set_affinity:
	desc->chip->set_affinity(irq, &desc->affinity);

	return 0;
}
#else
static inline int do_irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq, struct irq_desc *d)
{
	return irq_select_affinity(irq);
}
#endif

/*
 * Called when affinity is set via /proc/irq
 */
int irq_select_affinity_usr(unsigned int irq)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);
	ret = do_irq_select_affinity(irq, desc);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);

	return ret;
}

#else
static inline int do_irq_select_affinity(int irq, struct irq_desc *desc)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

/**
 *	disable_irq_nosync - disable an irq without waiting
 *	@irq: Interrupt to disable
 *
 *	Disable the selected interrupt line.  Disables and Enables are
 *	nested.
 *	Unlike disable_irq(), this function does not ensure existing
 *	instances of the IRQ handler have completed before returning.
 *
 *	This function may be called from IRQ context.
 */
void disable_irq_nosync(unsigned int irq)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!desc)
		return;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);
	if (!desc->depth++) {
		desc->status |= IRQ_DISABLED;
		desc->chip->disable(irq);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(disable_irq_nosync);

/**
 *	disable_irq - disable an irq and wait for completion
 *	@irq: Interrupt to disable
 *
 *	Disable the selected interrupt line.  Enables and Disables are
 *	nested.
 *	This function waits for any pending IRQ handlers for this interrupt
 *	to complete before returning. If you use this function while
 *	holding a resource the IRQ handler may need you will deadlock.
 *
 *	This function may be called - with care - from IRQ context.
 */
void disable_irq(unsigned int irq)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);

	if (!desc)
		return;

	disable_irq_nosync(irq);
	if (desc->action)
		synchronize_irq(irq);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(disable_irq);

static void __enable_irq(struct irq_desc *desc, unsigned int irq)
{
	switch (desc->depth) {
	case 0:
		WARN(1, KERN_WARNING "Unbalanced enable for IRQ %d\n", irq);
		break;
	case 1: {
		unsigned int status = desc->status & ~IRQ_DISABLED;

		/* Prevent probing on this irq: */
		desc->status = status | IRQ_NOPROBE;
		check_irq_resend(desc, irq);
		/* fall-through */
	}
	default:
		desc->depth--;
	}
}

/**
 *	enable_irq - enable handling of an irq
 *	@irq: Interrupt to enable
 *
 *	Undoes the effect of one call to disable_irq().  If this
 *	matches the last disable, processing of interrupts on this
 *	IRQ line is re-enabled.
 *
 *	This function may be called from IRQ context.
 */
void enable_irq(unsigned int irq)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!desc)
		return;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);
	__enable_irq(desc, irq);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(enable_irq);

static int set_irq_wake_real(unsigned int irq, unsigned int on)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	int ret = -ENXIO;

	if (desc->chip->set_wake)
		ret = desc->chip->set_wake(irq, on);

	return ret;
}

/**
 *	set_irq_wake - control irq power management wakeup
 *	@irq:	interrupt to control
 *	@on:	enable/disable power management wakeup
 *
 *	Enable/disable power management wakeup mode, which is
 *	disabled by default.  Enables and disables must match,
 *	just as they match for non-wakeup mode support.
 *
 *	Wakeup mode lets this IRQ wake the system from sleep
 *	states like "suspend to RAM".
 */
int set_irq_wake(unsigned int irq, unsigned int on)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret = 0;

	/* wakeup-capable irqs can be shared between drivers that
	 * don't need to have the same sleep mode behaviors.
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);
	if (on) {
		if (desc->wake_depth++ == 0) {
			ret = set_irq_wake_real(irq, on);
			if (ret)
				desc->wake_depth = 0;
			else
				desc->status |= IRQ_WAKEUP;
		}
	} else {
		if (desc->wake_depth == 0) {
			WARN(1, "Unbalanced IRQ %d wake disable\n", irq);
		} else if (--desc->wake_depth == 0) {
			ret = set_irq_wake_real(irq, on);
			if (ret)
				desc->wake_depth = 1;
			else
				desc->status &= ~IRQ_WAKEUP;
		}
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_irq_wake);

/*
 * Internal function that tells the architecture code whether a
 * particular irq has been exclusively allocated or is available
 * for driver use.
 */
int can_request_irq(unsigned int irq, unsigned long irqflags)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	struct irqaction *action;

	if (!desc)
		return 0;

	if (desc->status & IRQ_NOREQUEST)
		return 0;

	action = desc->action;
	if (action)
		if (irqflags & action->flags & IRQF_SHARED)
			action = NULL;

	return !action;
}

void compat_irq_chip_set_default_handler(struct irq_desc *desc)
{
	/*
	 * If the architecture still has not overriden
	 * the flow handler then zap the default. This
	 * should catch incorrect flow-type setting.
	 */
	if (desc->handle_irq == &handle_bad_irq)
		desc->handle_irq = NULL;
}

int __irq_set_trigger(struct irq_desc *desc, unsigned int irq,
		unsigned long flags)
{
	int ret;
	struct irq_chip *chip = desc->chip;

	if (!chip || !chip->set_type) {
		/*
		 * IRQF_TRIGGER_* but the PIC does not support multiple
		 * flow-types?
		 */
		pr_debug("No set_type function for IRQ %d (%s)\n", irq,
				chip ? (chip->name ? : "unknown") : "unknown");
		return 0;
	}

	/* caller masked out all except trigger mode flags */
	ret = chip->set_type(irq, flags);

	if (ret)
		pr_err("setting trigger mode %d for irq %u failed (%pF)\n",
				(int)flags, irq, chip->set_type);
	else {
		if (flags & (IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_LOW | IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH))
			flags |= IRQ_LEVEL;
		/* note that IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK == IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK */
		desc->status &= ~(IRQ_LEVEL | IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK);
		desc->status |= flags;
	}

	return ret;
}

/*
 * Internal function to register an irqaction - typically used to
 * allocate special interrupts that are part of the architecture.
 */
static int
__setup_irq(unsigned int irq, struct irq_desc * desc, struct irqaction *new)
{
	struct irqaction *old, **p;
	const char *old_name = NULL;
	unsigned long flags;
	int shared = 0;
	int ret;

	if (!desc)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (desc->chip == &no_irq_chip)
		return -ENOSYS;
	/*
	 * Some drivers like serial.c use request_irq() heavily,
	 * so we have to be careful not to interfere with a
	 * running system.
	 */
	if (new->flags & IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM) {
		/*
		 * This function might sleep, we want to call it first,
		 * outside of the atomic block.
		 * Yes, this might clear the entropy pool if the wrong
		 * driver is attempted to be loaded, without actually
		 * installing a new handler, but is this really a problem,
		 * only the sysadmin is able to do this.
		 */
		rand_initialize_irq(irq);
	}

	/*
	 * The following block of code has to be executed atomically
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);
	p = &desc->action;
	old = *p;
	if (old) {
		/*
		 * Can't share interrupts unless both agree to and are
		 * the same type (level, edge, polarity). So both flag
		 * fields must have IRQF_SHARED set and the bits which
		 * set the trigger type must match.
		 */
		if (!((old->flags & new->flags) & IRQF_SHARED) ||
		    ((old->flags ^ new->flags) & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK)) {
			old_name = old->name;
			goto mismatch;
		}

#if defined(CONFIG_IRQ_PER_CPU)
		/* All handlers must agree on per-cpuness */
		if ((old->flags & IRQF_PERCPU) !=
		    (new->flags & IRQF_PERCPU))
			goto mismatch;
#endif

		/* add new interrupt at end of irq queue */
		do {
			p = &old->next;
			old = *p;
		} while (old);
		shared = 1;
	}

	if (!shared) {
		irq_chip_set_defaults(desc->chip);

		/* Setup the type (level, edge polarity) if configured: */
		if (new->flags & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK) {
			ret = __irq_set_trigger(desc, irq,
					new->flags & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK);

			if (ret) {
				spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
				return ret;
			}
		} else
			compat_irq_chip_set_default_handler(desc);
#if defined(CONFIG_IRQ_PER_CPU)
		if (new->flags & IRQF_PERCPU)
			desc->status |= IRQ_PER_CPU;
#endif

		desc->status &= ~(IRQ_AUTODETECT | IRQ_WAITING |
				  IRQ_INPROGRESS | IRQ_SPURIOUS_DISABLED);

		if (!(desc->status & IRQ_NOAUTOEN)) {
			desc->depth = 0;
			desc->status &= ~IRQ_DISABLED;
			desc->chip->startup(irq);
		} else
			/* Undo nested disables: */
			desc->depth = 1;

		/* Exclude IRQ from balancing if requested */
		if (new->flags & IRQF_NOBALANCING)
			desc->status |= IRQ_NO_BALANCING;

		/* Set default affinity mask once everything is setup */
		do_irq_select_affinity(irq, desc);

	} else if ((new->flags & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK)
			&& (new->flags & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK)
				!= (desc->status & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK)) {
		/* hope the handler works with the actual trigger mode... */
		pr_warning("IRQ %d uses trigger mode %d; requested %d\n",
				irq, (int)(desc->status & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK),
				(int)(new->flags & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK));
	}

	*p = new;

	/* Reset broken irq detection when installing new handler */
	desc->irq_count = 0;
	desc->irqs_unhandled = 0;

	/*
	 * Check whether we disabled the irq via the spurious handler
	 * before. Reenable it and give it another chance.
	 */
	if (shared && (desc->status & IRQ_SPURIOUS_DISABLED)) {
		desc->status &= ~IRQ_SPURIOUS_DISABLED;
		__enable_irq(desc, irq);
	}

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);

	new->irq = irq;
	register_irq_proc(irq, desc);
	new->dir = NULL;
	register_handler_proc(irq, new);

	return 0;

mismatch:
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ
	if (!(new->flags & IRQF_PROBE_SHARED)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "IRQ handler type mismatch for IRQ %d\n", irq);
		if (old_name)
			printk(KERN_ERR "current handler: %s\n", old_name);
		dump_stack();
	}
#endif
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
	return -EBUSY;
}

/**
 *	setup_irq - setup an interrupt
 *	@irq: Interrupt line to setup
 *	@act: irqaction for the interrupt
 *
 * Used to statically setup interrupts in the early boot process.
 */
int setup_irq(unsigned int irq, struct irqaction *act)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);

	return __setup_irq(irq, desc, act);
}

/**
 *	free_irq - free an interrupt
 *	@irq: Interrupt line to free
 *	@dev_id: Device identity to free
 *
 *	Remove an interrupt handler. The handler is removed and if the
 *	interrupt line is no longer in use by any driver it is disabled.
 *	On a shared IRQ the caller must ensure the interrupt is disabled
 *	on the card it drives before calling this function. The function
 *	does not return until any executing interrupts for this IRQ
 *	have completed.
 *
 *	This function must not be called from interrupt context.
 */
void free_irq(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct irq_desc *desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	struct irqaction **p;
	unsigned long flags;

	WARN_ON(in_interrupt());

	if (!desc)
		return;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&desc->lock, flags);
	p = &desc->action;
	for (;;) {
		struct irqaction *action = *p;

		if (action) {
			struct irqaction **pp = p;

			p = &action->next;
			if (action->dev_id != dev_id)
				continue;

			/* Found it - now remove it from the list of entries */
			*pp = action->next;

			/* Currently used only by UML, might disappear one day.*/
#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_RELEASE_METHOD
			if (desc->chip->release)
				desc->chip->release(irq, dev_id);
#endif

			if (!desc->action) {
				desc->status |= IRQ_DISABLED;
				if (desc->chip->shutdown)
					desc->chip->shutdown(irq);
				else
					desc->chip->disable(irq);
			}
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
			unregister_handler_proc(irq, action);

			/* Make sure it's not being used on another CPU */
			synchronize_irq(irq);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ
			/*
			 * It's a shared IRQ -- the driver ought to be
			 * prepared for it to happen even now it's
			 * being freed, so let's make sure....  We do
			 * this after actually deregistering it, to
			 * make sure that a 'real' IRQ doesn't run in
			 * parallel with our fake
			 */
			if (action->flags & IRQF_SHARED) {
				local_irq_save(flags);
				action->handler(irq, dev_id);
				local_irq_restore(flags);
			}
#endif
			kfree(action);
			return;
		}
		printk(KERN_ERR "Trying to free already-free IRQ %d\n", irq);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ
		dump_stack();
#endif
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&desc->lock, flags);
		return;
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_irq);

/**
 *	request_irq - allocate an interrupt line
 *	@irq: Interrupt line to allocate
 *	@handler: Function to be called when the IRQ occurs
 *	@irqflags: Interrupt type flags
 *	@devname: An ascii name for the claiming device
 *	@dev_id: A cookie passed back to the handler function
 *
 *	This call allocates interrupt resources and enables the
 *	interrupt line and IRQ handling. From the point this
 *	call is made your handler function may be invoked. Since
 *	your handler function must clear any interrupt the board
 *	raises, you must take care both to initialise your hardware
 *	and to set up the interrupt handler in the right order.
 *
 *	Dev_id must be globally unique. Normally the address of the
 *	device data structure is used as the cookie. Since the handler
 *	receives this value it makes sense to use it.
 *
 *	If your interrupt is shared you must pass a non NULL dev_id
 *	as this is required when freeing the interrupt.
 *
 *	Flags:
 *
 *	IRQF_SHARED		Interrupt is shared
 *	IRQF_DISABLED	Disable local interrupts while processing
 *	IRQF_SAMPLE_RANDOM	The interrupt can be used for entropy
 *	IRQF_TRIGGER_*		Specify active edge(s) or level
 *
 */
int request_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler,
		unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id)
{
	struct irqaction *action;
	struct irq_desc *desc;
	int retval;

	/*
	 * handle_IRQ_event() always ignores IRQF_DISABLED except for
	 * the _first_ irqaction (sigh).  That can cause oopsing, but
	 * the behavior is classified as "will not fix" so we need to
	 * start nudging drivers away from using that idiom.
	 */
	if ((irqflags & (IRQF_SHARED|IRQF_DISABLED))
			== (IRQF_SHARED|IRQF_DISABLED))
		pr_warning("IRQ %d/%s: IRQF_DISABLED is not "
				"guaranteed on shared IRQs\n",
				irq, devname);

#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
	/*
	 * Lockdep wants atomic interrupt handlers:
	 */
	irqflags |= IRQF_DISABLED;
#endif
	/*
	 * Sanity-check: shared interrupts must pass in a real dev-ID,
	 * otherwise we'll have trouble later trying to figure out
	 * which interrupt is which (messes up the interrupt freeing
	 * logic etc).
	 */
	if ((irqflags & IRQF_SHARED) && !dev_id)
		return -EINVAL;

	desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
	if (!desc)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (desc->status & IRQ_NOREQUEST)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!handler)
		return -EINVAL;

	action = kmalloc(sizeof(struct irqaction), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!action)
		return -ENOMEM;

	action->handler = handler;
	action->flags = irqflags;
	cpus_clear(action->mask);
	action->name = devname;
	action->next = NULL;
	action->dev_id = dev_id;

	retval = __setup_irq(irq, desc, action);
	if (retval)
		kfree(action);

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ
	if (irqflags & IRQF_SHARED) {
		/*
		 * It's a shared IRQ -- the driver ought to be prepared for it
		 * to happen immediately, so let's make sure....
		 * We disable the irq to make sure that a 'real' IRQ doesn't
		 * run in parallel with our fake.
		 */
		unsigned long flags;

		disable_irq(irq);
		local_irq_save(flags);

		handler(irq, dev_id);

		local_irq_restore(flags);
		enable_irq(irq);
	}
#endif
	return retval;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(request_irq);