Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

/* drivers/net/ifb.c:

	The purpose of this driver is to provide a device that allows
	for sharing of resources:

	1) qdiscs/policies that are per device as opposed to system wide.
	ifb allows for a device which can be redirected to thus providing
	an impression of sharing.

	2) Allows for queueing incoming traffic for shaping instead of
	dropping.

	The original concept is based on what is known as the IMQ
	driver initially written by Martin Devera, later rewritten
	by Patrick McHardy and then maintained by Andre Correa.

	You need the tc action  mirror or redirect to feed this device
       	packets.

	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
	modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
	as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
	2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

  	Authors:	Jamal Hadi Salim (2005)

*/


#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <net/pkt_sched.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
#include <linux/lockdep.h>

#define TX_TIMEOUT  (2*HZ)

#define TX_Q_LIMIT    32
struct ifb_private {
	struct tasklet_struct   ifb_tasklet;
	int     tasklet_pending;
	/* mostly debug stats leave in for now */
	unsigned long   st_task_enter; /* tasklet entered */
	unsigned long   st_txq_refl_try; /* transmit queue refill attempt */
	unsigned long   st_rxq_enter; /* receive queue entered */
	unsigned long   st_rx2tx_tran; /* receive to trasmit transfers */
	unsigned long   st_rxq_notenter; /*receiveQ not entered, resched */
	unsigned long   st_rx_frm_egr; /* received from egress path */
	unsigned long   st_rx_frm_ing; /* received from ingress path */
	unsigned long   st_rxq_check;
	unsigned long   st_rxq_rsch;
	struct sk_buff_head     rq;
	struct sk_buff_head     tq;
};

static int numifbs = 2;

static void ri_tasklet(unsigned long dev);
static int ifb_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev);
static int ifb_open(struct net_device *dev);
static int ifb_close(struct net_device *dev);

static void ri_tasklet(unsigned long dev)
{

	struct net_device *_dev = (struct net_device *)dev;
	struct ifb_private *dp = netdev_priv(_dev);
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &_dev->stats;
	struct sk_buff *skb;

	dp->st_task_enter++;
	if ((skb = skb_peek(&dp->tq)) == NULL) {
		dp->st_txq_refl_try++;
		if (netif_tx_trylock(_dev)) {
			dp->st_rxq_enter++;
			while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&dp->rq)) != NULL) {
				skb_queue_tail(&dp->tq, skb);
				dp->st_rx2tx_tran++;
			}
			netif_tx_unlock(_dev);
		} else {
			/* reschedule */
			dp->st_rxq_notenter++;
			goto resched;
		}
	}

	while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&dp->tq)) != NULL) {
		u32 from = G_TC_FROM(skb->tc_verd);

		skb->tc_verd = 0;
		skb->tc_verd = SET_TC_NCLS(skb->tc_verd);
		stats->tx_packets++;
		stats->tx_bytes +=skb->len;

		skb->dev = __dev_get_by_index(&init_net, skb->iif);
		if (!skb->dev) {
			dev_kfree_skb(skb);
			stats->tx_dropped++;
			break;
		}
		skb->iif = _dev->ifindex;

		if (from & AT_EGRESS) {
			dp->st_rx_frm_egr++;
			dev_queue_xmit(skb);
		} else if (from & AT_INGRESS) {
			dp->st_rx_frm_ing++;
			skb_pull(skb, skb->dev->hard_header_len);
			netif_rx(skb);
		} else
			BUG();
	}

	if (netif_tx_trylock(_dev)) {
		dp->st_rxq_check++;
		if ((skb = skb_peek(&dp->rq)) == NULL) {
			dp->tasklet_pending = 0;
			if (netif_queue_stopped(_dev))
				netif_wake_queue(_dev);
		} else {
			dp->st_rxq_rsch++;
			netif_tx_unlock(_dev);
			goto resched;
		}
		netif_tx_unlock(_dev);
	} else {
resched:
		dp->tasklet_pending = 1;
		tasklet_schedule(&dp->ifb_tasklet);
	}

}

static void ifb_setup(struct net_device *dev)
{
	/* Initialize the device structure. */
	dev->hard_start_xmit = ifb_xmit;
	dev->open = &ifb_open;
	dev->stop = &ifb_close;
	dev->destructor = free_netdev;

	/* Fill in device structure with ethernet-generic values. */
	ether_setup(dev);
	dev->tx_queue_len = TX_Q_LIMIT;
	dev->change_mtu = NULL;
	dev->flags |= IFF_NOARP;
	dev->flags &= ~IFF_MULTICAST;
	random_ether_addr(dev->dev_addr);
}

static int ifb_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct ifb_private *dp = netdev_priv(dev);
	struct net_device_stats *stats = &dev->stats;
	int ret = 0;
	u32 from = G_TC_FROM(skb->tc_verd);

	stats->rx_packets++;
	stats->rx_bytes+=skb->len;

	if (!(from & (AT_INGRESS|AT_EGRESS)) || !skb->iif) {
		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
		stats->rx_dropped++;
		return ret;
	}

	if (skb_queue_len(&dp->rq) >= dev->tx_queue_len) {
		netif_stop_queue(dev);
	}

	dev->trans_start = jiffies;
	skb_queue_tail(&dp->rq, skb);
	if (!dp->tasklet_pending) {
		dp->tasklet_pending = 1;
		tasklet_schedule(&dp->ifb_tasklet);
	}

	return ret;
}

static int ifb_close(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct ifb_private *dp = netdev_priv(dev);

	tasklet_kill(&dp->ifb_tasklet);
	netif_stop_queue(dev);
	skb_queue_purge(&dp->rq);
	skb_queue_purge(&dp->tq);
	return 0;
}

static int ifb_open(struct net_device *dev)
{
	struct ifb_private *dp = netdev_priv(dev);

	tasklet_init(&dp->ifb_tasklet, ri_tasklet, (unsigned long)dev);
	skb_queue_head_init(&dp->rq);
	skb_queue_head_init(&dp->tq);
	netif_start_queue(dev);

	return 0;
}

static int ifb_validate(struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[])
{
	if (tb[IFLA_ADDRESS]) {
		if (nla_len(tb[IFLA_ADDRESS]) != ETH_ALEN)
			return -EINVAL;
		if (!is_valid_ether_addr(nla_data(tb[IFLA_ADDRESS])))
			return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
	}
	return 0;
}

static struct rtnl_link_ops ifb_link_ops __read_mostly = {
	.kind		= "ifb",
	.priv_size	= sizeof(struct ifb_private),
	.setup		= ifb_setup,
	.validate	= ifb_validate,
};

/* Number of ifb devices to be set up by this module. */
module_param(numifbs, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(numifbs, "Number of ifb devices");

/*
 * dev_ifb->queue_lock is usually taken after dev->ingress_lock,
 * reversely to e.g. qdisc_lock_tree(). It should be safe until
 * ifb doesn't take dev->queue_lock with dev_ifb->ingress_lock.
 * But lockdep should know that ifb has different locks from dev.
 */
static struct lock_class_key ifb_queue_lock_key;
static struct lock_class_key ifb_ingress_lock_key;


static int __init ifb_init_one(int index)
{
	struct net_device *dev_ifb;
	int err;

	dev_ifb = alloc_netdev(sizeof(struct ifb_private),
				 "ifb%d", ifb_setup);

	if (!dev_ifb)
		return -ENOMEM;

	err = dev_alloc_name(dev_ifb, dev_ifb->name);
	if (err < 0)
		goto err;

	dev_ifb->rtnl_link_ops = &ifb_link_ops;
	err = register_netdevice(dev_ifb);
	if (err < 0)
		goto err;

	lockdep_set_class(&dev_ifb->queue_lock, &ifb_queue_lock_key);
	lockdep_set_class(&dev_ifb->ingress_lock, &ifb_ingress_lock_key);

	return 0;

err:
	free_netdev(dev_ifb);
	return err;
}

static int __init ifb_init_module(void)
{
	int i, err;

	rtnl_lock();
	err = __rtnl_link_register(&ifb_link_ops);

	for (i = 0; i < numifbs && !err; i++)
		err = ifb_init_one(i);
	if (err)
		__rtnl_link_unregister(&ifb_link_ops);
	rtnl_unlock();

	return err;
}

static void __exit ifb_cleanup_module(void)
{
	rtnl_link_unregister(&ifb_link_ops);
}

module_init(ifb_init_module);
module_exit(ifb_cleanup_module);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Jamal Hadi Salim");
MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LINK("ifb");