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/*
 * dvbdev.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Ralph  Metzler <ralph@convergence.de>
 *                  & Marcus Metzler <marcus@convergence.de>
 *                    for convergence integrated media GmbH
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1
 * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
 *
 */

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include "dvbdev.h"

static int dvbdev_debug;

module_param(dvbdev_debug, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(dvbdev_debug, "Turn on/off device debugging (default:off).");

#define dprintk if (dvbdev_debug) printk

static LIST_HEAD(dvb_adapter_list);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(dvbdev_register_lock);

static const char * const dnames[] = {
	"video", "audio", "sec", "frontend", "demux", "dvr", "ca",
	"net", "osd"
};

#define DVB_MAX_ADAPTERS	8
#define DVB_MAX_IDS		4
#define nums2minor(num,type,id)	((num << 6) | (id << 4) | type)
#define MAX_DVB_MINORS		(DVB_MAX_ADAPTERS*64)

static struct class *dvb_class;

static struct dvb_device* dvbdev_find_device (int minor)
{
	struct dvb_adapter *adap;

	list_for_each_entry(adap, &dvb_adapter_list, list_head) {
		struct dvb_device *dev;
		list_for_each_entry(dev, &adap->device_list, list_head)
			if (nums2minor(adap->num, dev->type, dev->id) == minor)
				return dev;
	}

	return NULL;
}


static int dvb_device_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct dvb_device *dvbdev;

	dvbdev = dvbdev_find_device (iminor(inode));

	if (dvbdev && dvbdev->fops) {
		int err = 0;
		const struct file_operations *old_fops;

		file->private_data = dvbdev;
		old_fops = file->f_op;
		file->f_op = fops_get(dvbdev->fops);
		if(file->f_op->open)
			err = file->f_op->open(inode,file);
		if (err) {
			fops_put(file->f_op);
			file->f_op = fops_get(old_fops);
		}
		fops_put(old_fops);
		return err;
	}
	return -ENODEV;
}


static struct file_operations dvb_device_fops =
{
	.owner =	THIS_MODULE,
	.open =		dvb_device_open,
};

static struct cdev dvb_device_cdev;

int dvb_generic_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct dvb_device *dvbdev = file->private_data;

	if (!dvbdev)
		return -ENODEV;

	if (!dvbdev->users)
		return -EBUSY;

	if ((file->f_flags & O_ACCMODE) == O_RDONLY) {
		if (!dvbdev->readers)
			return -EBUSY;
		dvbdev->readers--;
	} else {
		if (!dvbdev->writers)
			return -EBUSY;
		dvbdev->writers--;
	}

	dvbdev->users--;
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dvb_generic_open);


int dvb_generic_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	struct dvb_device *dvbdev = file->private_data;

	if (!dvbdev)
		return -ENODEV;

	if ((file->f_flags & O_ACCMODE) == O_RDONLY) {
		dvbdev->readers++;
	} else {
		dvbdev->writers++;
	}

	dvbdev->users++;
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dvb_generic_release);


int dvb_generic_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
		      unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct dvb_device *dvbdev = file->private_data;

	if (!dvbdev)
		return -ENODEV;

	if (!dvbdev->kernel_ioctl)
		return -EINVAL;

	return dvb_usercopy (inode, file, cmd, arg, dvbdev->kernel_ioctl);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dvb_generic_ioctl);


static int dvbdev_get_free_id (struct dvb_adapter *adap, int type)
{
	u32 id = 0;

	while (id < DVB_MAX_IDS) {
		struct dvb_device *dev;
		list_for_each_entry(dev, &adap->device_list, list_head)
			if (dev->type == type && dev->id == id)
				goto skip;
		return id;
skip:
		id++;
	}
	return -ENFILE;
}


int dvb_register_device(struct dvb_adapter *adap, struct dvb_device **pdvbdev,
			const struct dvb_device *template, void *priv, int type)
{
	struct dvb_device *dvbdev;
	struct file_operations *dvbdevfops;
	struct device *clsdev;
	int id;

	mutex_lock(&dvbdev_register_lock);

	if ((id = dvbdev_get_free_id (adap, type)) < 0){
		mutex_unlock(&dvbdev_register_lock);
		*pdvbdev = NULL;
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: couldn't find free device id\n", __FUNCTION__);
		return -ENFILE;
	}

	*pdvbdev = dvbdev = kmalloc(sizeof(struct dvb_device), GFP_KERNEL);

	if (!dvbdev){
		mutex_unlock(&dvbdev_register_lock);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	dvbdevfops = kzalloc(sizeof(struct file_operations), GFP_KERNEL);

	if (!dvbdevfops){
		kfree (dvbdev);
		mutex_unlock(&dvbdev_register_lock);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	memcpy(dvbdev, template, sizeof(struct dvb_device));
	dvbdev->type = type;
	dvbdev->id = id;
	dvbdev->adapter = adap;
	dvbdev->priv = priv;
	dvbdev->fops = dvbdevfops;
	init_waitqueue_head (&dvbdev->wait_queue);

	memcpy(dvbdev->fops, template->fops, sizeof(struct file_operations));
	dvbdev->fops->owner = adap->module;

	list_add_tail (&dvbdev->list_head, &adap->device_list);

	mutex_unlock(&dvbdev_register_lock);

	clsdev = device_create(dvb_class, adap->device,
			       MKDEV(DVB_MAJOR, nums2minor(adap->num, type, id)),
			       "dvb%d.%s%d", adap->num, dnames[type], id);
	if (IS_ERR(clsdev)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: failed to create device dvb%d.%s%d (%ld)\n",
		       __FUNCTION__, adap->num, dnames[type], id, PTR_ERR(clsdev));
		return PTR_ERR(clsdev);
	}

	dprintk(KERN_DEBUG "DVB: register adapter%d/%s%d @ minor: %i (0x%02x)\n",
		adap->num, dnames[type], id, nums2minor(adap->num, type, id),
		nums2minor(adap->num, type, id));

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dvb_register_device);


void dvb_unregister_device(struct dvb_device *dvbdev)
{
	if (!dvbdev)
		return;

	device_destroy(dvb_class, MKDEV(DVB_MAJOR, nums2minor(dvbdev->adapter->num,
		       dvbdev->type, dvbdev->id)));

	list_del (&dvbdev->list_head);
	kfree (dvbdev->fops);
	kfree (dvbdev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dvb_unregister_device);


static int dvbdev_get_free_adapter_num (void)
{
	int num = 0;

	while (num < DVB_MAX_ADAPTERS) {
		struct dvb_adapter *adap;
		list_for_each_entry(adap, &dvb_adapter_list, list_head)
			if (adap->num == num)
				goto skip;
		return num;
skip:
		num++;
	}

	return -ENFILE;
}


int dvb_register_adapter(struct dvb_adapter *adap, const char *name, struct module *module, struct device *device)
{
	int num;

	mutex_lock(&dvbdev_register_lock);

	if ((num = dvbdev_get_free_adapter_num ()) < 0) {
		mutex_unlock(&dvbdev_register_lock);
		return -ENFILE;
	}

	memset (adap, 0, sizeof(struct dvb_adapter));
	INIT_LIST_HEAD (&adap->device_list);

	printk(KERN_INFO "DVB: registering new adapter (%s)\n", name);

	adap->num = num;
	adap->name = name;
	adap->module = module;
	adap->device = device;

	list_add_tail (&adap->list_head, &dvb_adapter_list);

	mutex_unlock(&dvbdev_register_lock);

	return num;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dvb_register_adapter);


int dvb_unregister_adapter(struct dvb_adapter *adap)
{
	mutex_lock(&dvbdev_register_lock);
	list_del (&adap->list_head);
	mutex_unlock(&dvbdev_register_lock);
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dvb_unregister_adapter);

/* if the miracle happens and "generic_usercopy()" is included into
   the kernel, then this can vanish. please don't make the mistake and
   define this as video_usercopy(). this will introduce a dependecy
   to the v4l "videodev.o" module, which is unnecessary for some
   cards (ie. the budget dvb-cards don't need the v4l module...) */
int dvb_usercopy(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
		     unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg,
		     int (*func)(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
		     unsigned int cmd, void *arg))
{
	char    sbuf[128];
	void    *mbuf = NULL;
	void    *parg = NULL;
	int     err  = -EINVAL;

	/*  Copy arguments into temp kernel buffer  */
	switch (_IOC_DIR(cmd)) {
	case _IOC_NONE:
		/*
		 * For this command, the pointer is actually an integer
		 * argument.
		 */
		parg = (void *) arg;
		break;
	case _IOC_READ: /* some v4l ioctls are marked wrong ... */
	case _IOC_WRITE:
	case (_IOC_WRITE | _IOC_READ):
		if (_IOC_SIZE(cmd) <= sizeof(sbuf)) {
			parg = sbuf;
		} else {
			/* too big to allocate from stack */
			mbuf = kmalloc(_IOC_SIZE(cmd),GFP_KERNEL);
			if (NULL == mbuf)
				return -ENOMEM;
			parg = mbuf;
		}

		err = -EFAULT;
		if (copy_from_user(parg, (void __user *)arg, _IOC_SIZE(cmd)))
			goto out;
		break;
	}

	/* call driver */
	if ((err = func(inode, file, cmd, parg)) == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
		err = -EINVAL;

	if (err < 0)
		goto out;

	/*  Copy results into user buffer  */
	switch (_IOC_DIR(cmd))
	{
	case _IOC_READ:
	case (_IOC_WRITE | _IOC_READ):
		if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, parg, _IOC_SIZE(cmd)))
			err = -EFAULT;
		break;
	}

out:
	kfree(mbuf);
	return err;
}

static int __init init_dvbdev(void)
{
	int retval;
	dev_t dev = MKDEV(DVB_MAJOR, 0);

	if ((retval = register_chrdev_region(dev, MAX_DVB_MINORS, "DVB")) != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "dvb-core: unable to get major %d\n", DVB_MAJOR);
		return retval;
	}

	cdev_init(&dvb_device_cdev, &dvb_device_fops);
	if ((retval = cdev_add(&dvb_device_cdev, dev, MAX_DVB_MINORS)) != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "dvb-core: unable register character device\n");
		goto error;
	}

	dvb_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "dvb");
	if (IS_ERR(dvb_class)) {
		retval = PTR_ERR(dvb_class);
		goto error;
	}
	return 0;

error:
	cdev_del(&dvb_device_cdev);
	unregister_chrdev_region(dev, MAX_DVB_MINORS);
	return retval;
}


static void __exit exit_dvbdev(void)
{
	class_destroy(dvb_class);
	cdev_del(&dvb_device_cdev);
	unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(DVB_MAJOR, 0), MAX_DVB_MINORS);
}

subsys_initcall(init_dvbdev);
module_exit(exit_dvbdev);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("DVB Core Driver");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Marcus Metzler, Ralph Metzler, Holger Waechtler");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");