Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

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/*
   em28xx-i2c.c - driver for Empia EM2800/EM2820/2840 USB video capture devices

   Copyright (C) 2005 Ludovico Cavedon <cavedon@sssup.it>
		      Markus Rechberger <mrechberger@gmail.com>
		      Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@infradead.org>
		      Sascha Sommer <saschasommer@freenet.de>

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>

#include "em28xx.h"
#include "tuner-xc2028.h"
#include <media/v4l2-common.h>
#include <media/tuner.h>

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- */

static unsigned int i2c_scan = 0;
module_param(i2c_scan, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(i2c_scan, "scan i2c bus at insmod time");

static unsigned int i2c_debug = 0;
module_param(i2c_debug, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(i2c_debug, "enable debug messages [i2c]");

#define dprintk1(lvl,fmt, args...) if (i2c_debug>=lvl) do {\
			printk(fmt, ##args); } while (0)
#define dprintk2(lvl,fmt, args...) if (i2c_debug>=lvl) do{ \
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s at %s: " fmt, \
			dev->name, __FUNCTION__ , ##args); } while (0)

/*
 * em2800_i2c_send_max4()
 * send up to 4 bytes to the i2c device
 */
static int em2800_i2c_send_max4(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned char addr,
				char *buf, int len)
{
	int ret;
	int write_timeout;
	unsigned char b2[6];
	BUG_ON(len < 1 || len > 4);
	b2[5] = 0x80 + len - 1;
	b2[4] = addr;
	b2[3] = buf[0];
	if (len > 1)
		b2[2] = buf[1];
	if (len > 2)
		b2[1] = buf[2];
	if (len > 3)
		b2[0] = buf[3];

	ret = dev->em28xx_write_regs(dev, 4 - len, &b2[4 - len], 2 + len);
	if (ret != 2 + len) {
		em28xx_warn("writing to i2c device failed (error=%i)\n", ret);
		return -EIO;
	}
	for (write_timeout = EM2800_I2C_WRITE_TIMEOUT; write_timeout > 0;
	     write_timeout -= 5) {
		ret = dev->em28xx_read_reg(dev, 0x05);
		if (ret == 0x80 + len - 1)
			return len;
		msleep(5);
	}
	em28xx_warn("i2c write timed out\n");
	return -EIO;
}

/*
 * em2800_i2c_send_bytes()
 */
static int em2800_i2c_send_bytes(void *data, unsigned char addr, char *buf,
				 short len)
{
	char *bufPtr = buf;
	int ret;
	int wrcount = 0;
	int count;
	int maxLen = 4;
	struct em28xx *dev = (struct em28xx *)data;
	while (len > 0) {
		count = (len > maxLen) ? maxLen : len;
		ret = em2800_i2c_send_max4(dev, addr, bufPtr, count);
		if (ret > 0) {
			len -= count;
			bufPtr += count;
			wrcount += count;
		} else
			return (ret < 0) ? ret : -EFAULT;
	}
	return wrcount;
}

/*
 * em2800_i2c_check_for_device()
 * check if there is a i2c_device at the supplied address
 */
static int em2800_i2c_check_for_device(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned char addr)
{
	char msg;
	int ret;
	int write_timeout;
	msg = addr;
	ret = dev->em28xx_write_regs(dev, 0x04, &msg, 1);
	if (ret < 0) {
		em28xx_warn("setting i2c device address failed (error=%i)\n",
			    ret);
		return ret;
	}
	msg = 0x84;
	ret = dev->em28xx_write_regs(dev, 0x05, &msg, 1);
	if (ret < 0) {
		em28xx_warn("preparing i2c read failed (error=%i)\n", ret);
		return ret;
	}
	for (write_timeout = EM2800_I2C_WRITE_TIMEOUT; write_timeout > 0;
	     write_timeout -= 5) {
		unsigned msg = dev->em28xx_read_reg(dev, 0x5);
		if (msg == 0x94)
			return -ENODEV;
		else if (msg == 0x84)
			return 0;
		msleep(5);
	}
	return -ENODEV;
}

/*
 * em2800_i2c_recv_bytes()
 * read from the i2c device
 */
static int em2800_i2c_recv_bytes(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned char addr,
				 char *buf, int len)
{
	int ret;
	/* check for the device and set i2c read address */
	ret = em2800_i2c_check_for_device(dev, addr);
	if (ret) {
		em28xx_warn
		    ("preparing read at i2c address 0x%x failed (error=%i)\n",
		     addr, ret);
		return ret;
	}
	ret = dev->em28xx_read_reg_req_len(dev, 0x0, 0x3, buf, len);
	if (ret < 0) {
		em28xx_warn("reading from i2c device at 0x%x failed (error=%i)",
			    addr, ret);
		return ret;
	}
	return ret;
}

/*
 * em28xx_i2c_send_bytes()
 * untested for more than 4 bytes
 */
static int em28xx_i2c_send_bytes(void *data, unsigned char addr, char *buf,
				 short len, int stop)
{
	int wrcount = 0;
	struct em28xx *dev = (struct em28xx *)data;

	wrcount = dev->em28xx_write_regs_req(dev, stop ? 2 : 3, addr, buf, len);

	return wrcount;
}

/*
 * em28xx_i2c_recv_bytes()
 * read a byte from the i2c device
 */
static int em28xx_i2c_recv_bytes(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned char addr,
				 char *buf, int len)
{
	int ret;
	ret = dev->em28xx_read_reg_req_len(dev, 2, addr, buf, len);
	if (ret < 0) {
		em28xx_warn("reading i2c device failed (error=%i)\n", ret);
		return ret;
	}
	if (dev->em28xx_read_reg(dev, 0x5) != 0)
		return -ENODEV;
	return ret;
}

/*
 * em28xx_i2c_check_for_device()
 * check if there is a i2c_device at the supplied address
 */
static int em28xx_i2c_check_for_device(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned char addr)
{
	char msg;
	int ret;
	msg = addr;

	ret = dev->em28xx_read_reg_req(dev, 2, addr);
	if (ret < 0) {
		em28xx_warn("reading from i2c device failed (error=%i)\n", ret);
		return ret;
	}
	if (dev->em28xx_read_reg(dev, 0x5) != 0)
		return -ENODEV;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * em28xx_i2c_xfer()
 * the main i2c transfer function
 */
static int em28xx_i2c_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *i2c_adap,
			   struct i2c_msg msgs[], int num)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = i2c_adap->algo_data;
	int addr, rc, i, byte;

	if (num <= 0)
		return 0;
	for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
		addr = msgs[i].addr << 1;
		dprintk2(2,"%s %s addr=%x len=%d:",
			 (msgs[i].flags & I2C_M_RD) ? "read" : "write",
			 i == num - 1 ? "stop" : "nonstop", addr, msgs[i].len);
		if (!msgs[i].len) {	/* no len: check only for device presence */
			if (dev->is_em2800)
				rc = em2800_i2c_check_for_device(dev, addr);
			else
				rc = em28xx_i2c_check_for_device(dev, addr);
			if (rc < 0) {
				dprintk2(2," no device\n");
				return rc;
			}

		} else if (msgs[i].flags & I2C_M_RD) {
			/* read bytes */
			if (dev->is_em2800)
				rc = em2800_i2c_recv_bytes(dev, addr,
							   msgs[i].buf,
							   msgs[i].len);
			else
				rc = em28xx_i2c_recv_bytes(dev, addr,
							   msgs[i].buf,
							   msgs[i].len);
			if (i2c_debug>=2) {
				for (byte = 0; byte < msgs[i].len; byte++) {
					printk(" %02x", msgs[i].buf[byte]);
				}
			}
		} else {
			/* write bytes */
			if (i2c_debug>=2) {
				for (byte = 0; byte < msgs[i].len; byte++)
					printk(" %02x", msgs[i].buf[byte]);
			}
			if (dev->is_em2800)
				rc = em2800_i2c_send_bytes(dev, addr,
							   msgs[i].buf,
							   msgs[i].len);
			else
				rc = em28xx_i2c_send_bytes(dev, addr,
							   msgs[i].buf,
							   msgs[i].len,
							   i == num - 1);
		}
		if (rc < 0)
			goto err;
		if (i2c_debug>=2)
			printk("\n");
	}

	return num;
      err:
	dprintk2(2," ERROR: %i\n", rc);
	return rc;
}

/* based on linux/sunrpc/svcauth.h and linux/hash.h
 * The original hash function returns a different value, if arch is x86_64
 *  or i386.
 */
static inline unsigned long em28xx_hash_mem(char *buf, int length, int bits)
{
	unsigned long hash = 0;
	unsigned long l = 0;
	int len = 0;
	unsigned char c;
	do {
		if (len == length) {
			c = (char)len;
			len = -1;
		} else
			c = *buf++;
		l = (l << 8) | c;
		len++;
		if ((len & (32 / 8 - 1)) == 0)
			hash = ((hash^l) * 0x9e370001UL);
	} while (len);

	return (hash >> (32 - bits)) & 0xffffffffUL;
}

static int em28xx_i2c_eeprom(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned char *eedata, int len)
{
	unsigned char buf, *p = eedata;
	struct em28xx_eeprom *em_eeprom = (void *)eedata;
	int i, err, size = len, block;

	dev->i2c_client.addr = 0xa0 >> 1;

	/* Check if board has eeprom */
	err = i2c_master_recv(&dev->i2c_client, &buf, 0);
	if (err < 0)
		return -1;

	buf = 0;
	if (1 != (err = i2c_master_send(&dev->i2c_client, &buf, 1))) {
		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: Huh, no eeprom present (err=%d)?\n",
		       dev->name, err);
		return -1;
	}
	while (size > 0) {
		if (size > 16)
			block = 16;
		else
			block = size;

		if (block !=
		    (err = i2c_master_recv(&dev->i2c_client, p, block))) {
			printk(KERN_WARNING
			       "%s: i2c eeprom read error (err=%d)\n",
			       dev->name, err);
			return -1;
		}
		size -= block;
		p += block;
	}
	for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
		if (0 == (i % 16))
			printk(KERN_INFO "%s: i2c eeprom %02x:", dev->name, i);
		printk(" %02x", eedata[i]);
		if (15 == (i % 16))
			printk("\n");
	}

	if (em_eeprom->id == 0x9567eb1a)
		dev->hash = em28xx_hash_mem(eedata, len, 32);

	printk(KERN_INFO "EEPROM ID= 0x%08x, hash = 0x%08lx\n",
	       em_eeprom->id, dev->hash);
	printk(KERN_INFO "Vendor/Product ID= %04x:%04x\n", em_eeprom->vendor_ID,
	       em_eeprom->product_ID);

	switch (em_eeprom->chip_conf >> 4 & 0x3) {
	case 0:
		printk(KERN_INFO "No audio on board.\n");
		break;
	case 1:
		printk(KERN_INFO "AC97 audio (5 sample rates)\n");
		break;
	case 2:
		printk(KERN_INFO "I2S audio, sample rate=32k\n");
		break;
	case 3:
		printk(KERN_INFO "I2S audio, 3 sample rates\n");
		break;
	}

	if (em_eeprom->chip_conf & 1 << 3)
		printk(KERN_INFO "USB Remote wakeup capable\n");

	if (em_eeprom->chip_conf & 1 << 2)
		printk(KERN_INFO "USB Self power capable\n");

	switch (em_eeprom->chip_conf & 0x3) {
	case 0:
		printk(KERN_INFO "500mA max power\n");
		break;
	case 1:
		printk(KERN_INFO "400mA max power\n");
		break;
	case 2:
		printk(KERN_INFO "300mA max power\n");
		break;
	case 3:
		printk(KERN_INFO "200mA max power\n");
		break;
	}
	printk(KERN_INFO "Table at 0x%02x, strings=0x%04x, 0x%04x, 0x%04x\n",
				em_eeprom->string_idx_table,em_eeprom->string1,
				em_eeprom->string2,em_eeprom->string3);

	return 0;
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * functionality()
 */
static u32 functionality(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
{
	return I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL;
}


/*
 * attach_inform()
 * gets called when a device attaches to the i2c bus
 * does some basic configuration
 */
static int attach_inform(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	struct em28xx *dev = client->adapter->algo_data;

	switch (client->addr << 1) {
		case 0x86:
		case 0x84:
		case 0x96:
		case 0x94:
		{
			struct v4l2_priv_tun_config tda9887_cfg;

			struct tuner_setup tun_setup;

			tun_setup.mode_mask = T_ANALOG_TV | T_RADIO;
			tun_setup.type = TUNER_TDA9887;
			tun_setup.addr = client->addr;

			em28xx_i2c_call_clients(dev, TUNER_SET_TYPE_ADDR, &tun_setup);

			tda9887_cfg.tuner = TUNER_TDA9887;
			tda9887_cfg.priv = &dev->tda9887_conf;
			em28xx_i2c_call_clients(dev, TUNER_SET_CONFIG,
						&tda9887_cfg);
			break;
		}
		case 0x42:
			dprintk1(1,"attach_inform: saa7114 detected.\n");
			break;
		case 0x4a:
			dprintk1(1,"attach_inform: saa7113 detected.\n");
			break;
		case 0xa0:
			dprintk1(1,"attach_inform: eeprom detected.\n");
			break;
		case 0x60:
		case 0x8e:
		{
			struct IR_i2c *ir = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
			dprintk1(1,"attach_inform: IR detected (%s).\n",ir->phys);
			em28xx_set_ir(dev,ir);
			break;
		}
		case 0x80:
		case 0x88:
			dprintk1(1,"attach_inform: msp34xx detected.\n");
			break;
		case 0xb8:
		case 0xba:
			dprintk1(1,"attach_inform: tvp5150 detected.\n");
			break;

		default:
			if (!dev->tuner_addr)
				dev->tuner_addr = client->addr;

			dprintk1(1,"attach inform: detected I2C address %x\n", client->addr << 1);

	}

	return 0;
}

static struct i2c_algorithm em28xx_algo = {
	.master_xfer   = em28xx_i2c_xfer,
	.functionality = functionality,
};

static struct i2c_adapter em28xx_adap_template = {
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.class = I2C_CLASS_TV_ANALOG,
	.name = "em28xx",
	.id = I2C_HW_B_EM28XX,
	.algo = &em28xx_algo,
	.client_register = attach_inform,
};

static struct i2c_client em28xx_client_template = {
	.name = "em28xx internal",
};

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * i2c_devs
 * incomplete list of known devices
 */
static char *i2c_devs[128] = {
	[0x4a >> 1] = "saa7113h",
	[0x60 >> 1] = "remote IR sensor",
	[0x8e >> 1] = "remote IR sensor",
	[0x86 >> 1] = "tda9887",
	[0x80 >> 1] = "msp34xx",
	[0x88 >> 1] = "msp34xx",
	[0xa0 >> 1] = "eeprom",
	[0xb8 >> 1] = "tvp5150a",
	[0xba >> 1] = "tvp5150a",
	[0xc0 >> 1] = "tuner (analog)",
	[0xc2 >> 1] = "tuner (analog)",
	[0xc4 >> 1] = "tuner (analog)",
	[0xc6 >> 1] = "tuner (analog)",
};

/*
 * do_i2c_scan()
 * check i2c address range for devices
 */
void em28xx_do_i2c_scan(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	u8 i2c_devicelist[128];
	unsigned char buf;
	int i, rc;

	memset(i2c_devicelist, 0, ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_devicelist));

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_devs); i++) {
		dev->i2c_client.addr = i;
		rc = i2c_master_recv(&dev->i2c_client, &buf, 0);
		if (rc < 0)
			continue;
		i2c_devicelist[i] = i;
		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: found i2c device @ 0x%x [%s]\n",
		       dev->name, i << 1, i2c_devs[i] ? i2c_devs[i] : "???");
	}

	dev->i2c_hash = em28xx_hash_mem(i2c_devicelist,
					ARRAY_SIZE(i2c_devicelist), 32);
}

/*
 * em28xx_i2c_call_clients()
 * send commands to all attached i2c devices
 */
void em28xx_i2c_call_clients(struct em28xx *dev, unsigned int cmd, void *arg)
{
	BUG_ON(NULL == dev->i2c_adap.algo_data);
	i2c_clients_command(&dev->i2c_adap, cmd, arg);
}

/*
 * em28xx_i2c_register()
 * register i2c bus
 */
int em28xx_i2c_register(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	BUG_ON(!dev->em28xx_write_regs || !dev->em28xx_read_reg);
	BUG_ON(!dev->em28xx_write_regs_req || !dev->em28xx_read_reg_req);
	dev->i2c_adap = em28xx_adap_template;
	dev->i2c_adap.dev.parent = &dev->udev->dev;
	strcpy(dev->i2c_adap.name, dev->name);
	dev->i2c_adap.algo_data = dev;
	i2c_add_adapter(&dev->i2c_adap);

	dev->i2c_client = em28xx_client_template;
	dev->i2c_client.adapter = &dev->i2c_adap;

	em28xx_i2c_eeprom(dev, dev->eedata, sizeof(dev->eedata));

	if (i2c_scan)
		em28xx_do_i2c_scan(dev);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * em28xx_i2c_unregister()
 * unregister i2c_bus
 */
int em28xx_i2c_unregister(struct em28xx *dev)
{
	i2c_del_adapter(&dev->i2c_adap);
	return 0;
}