Free Electrons

Electrons Libres - Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
/*
 *	Sound core.  This file is composed of two parts.  sound_class
 *	which is common to both OSS and ALSA and OSS sound core which
 *	is used OSS or emulation of it.
 */

/*
 * First, the common part.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <sound/core.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE
static int __init init_oss_soundcore(void);
static void cleanup_oss_soundcore(void);
#else
static inline int init_oss_soundcore(void)	{ return 0; }
static inline void cleanup_oss_soundcore(void)	{ }
#endif

struct class *sound_class;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sound_class);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Core sound module");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Alan Cox");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

static char *sound_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode)
{
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt) == SOUND_MAJOR)
		return NULL;
	return kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "snd/%s", dev_name(dev));
}

static int __init init_soundcore(void)
{
	int rc;

	rc = init_oss_soundcore();
	if (rc)
		return rc;

	sound_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "sound");
	if (IS_ERR(sound_class)) {
		cleanup_oss_soundcore();
		return PTR_ERR(sound_class);
	}

	sound_class->devnode = sound_devnode;

	return 0;
}

static void __exit cleanup_soundcore(void)
{
	cleanup_oss_soundcore();
	class_destroy(sound_class);
}

subsys_initcall(init_soundcore);
module_exit(cleanup_soundcore);


#ifdef CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE
/*
 *	OSS sound core handling. Breaks out sound functions to submodules
 *	
 *	Author:		Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
 *
 *	Fixes:
 *
 *
 *	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *	modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 *	as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 *	2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *                         --------------------
 * 
 *	Top level handler for the sound subsystem. Various devices can
 *	plug into this. The fact they don't all go via OSS doesn't mean 
 *	they don't have to implement the OSS API. There is a lot of logic
 *	to keeping much of the OSS weight out of the code in a compatibility
 *	module, but it's up to the driver to rember to load it...
 *
 *	The code provides a set of functions for registration of devices
 *	by type. This is done rather than providing a single call so that
 *	we can hide any future changes in the internals (eg when we go to
 *	32bit dev_t) from the modules and their interface.
 *
 *	Secondly we need to allocate the dsp, dsp16 and audio devices as
 *	one. Thus we misuse the chains a bit to simplify this.
 *
 *	Thirdly to make it more fun and for 2.3.x and above we do all
 *	of this using fine grained locking.
 *
 *	FIXME: we have to resolve modules and fine grained load/unload
 *	locking at some point in 2.3.x.
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/sound.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>

#define SOUND_STEP 16

struct sound_unit
{
	int unit_minor;
	const struct file_operations *unit_fops;
	struct sound_unit *next;
	char name[32];
};

#ifdef CONFIG_SOUND_MSNDCLAS
extern int msnd_classic_init(void);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SOUND_MSNDPIN
extern int msnd_pinnacle_init(void);
#endif

/*
 * By default, OSS sound_core claims full legacy minor range (0-255)
 * of SOUND_MAJOR to trap open attempts to any sound minor and
 * requests modules using custom sound-slot/service-* module aliases.
 * The only benefit of doing this is allowing use of custom module
 * aliases instead of the standard char-major-* ones.  This behavior
 * prevents alternative OSS implementation and is scheduled to be
 * removed.
 *
 * CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE_PRECLAIM and soundcore.preclaim_oss kernel
 * parameter are added to allow distros and developers to try and
 * switch to alternative implementations without needing to rebuild
 * the kernel in the meantime.  If preclaim_oss is non-zero, the
 * kernel will behave the same as before.  All SOUND_MAJOR minors are
 * preclaimed and the custom module aliases along with standard chrdev
 * ones are emitted if a missing device is opened.  If preclaim_oss is
 * zero, sound_core only grabs what's actually in use and for missing
 * devices only the standard chrdev aliases are requested.
 *
 * All these clutters are scheduled to be removed along with
 * sound-slot/service-* module aliases.
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE_PRECLAIM
static int preclaim_oss = 1;
#else
static int preclaim_oss = 0;
#endif

module_param(preclaim_oss, int, 0444);

static int soundcore_open(struct inode *, struct file *);

static const struct file_operations soundcore_fops =
{
	/* We must have an owner or the module locking fails */
	.owner	= THIS_MODULE,
	.open	= soundcore_open,
	.llseek = noop_llseek,
};

/*
 *	Low level list operator. Scan the ordered list, find a hole and
 *	join into it. Called with the lock asserted
 */

static int __sound_insert_unit(struct sound_unit * s, struct sound_unit **list, const struct file_operations *fops, int index, int low, int top)
{
	int n=low;

	if (index < 0) {	/* first free */

		while (*list && (*list)->unit_minor<n)
			list=&((*list)->next);

		while(n<top)
		{
			/* Found a hole ? */
			if(*list==NULL || (*list)->unit_minor>n)
				break;
			list=&((*list)->next);
			n+=SOUND_STEP;
		}

		if(n>=top)
			return -ENOENT;
	} else {
		n = low+(index*16);
		while (*list) {
			if ((*list)->unit_minor==n)
				return -EBUSY;
			if ((*list)->unit_minor>n)
				break;
			list=&((*list)->next);
		}
	}	
		
	/*
	 *	Fill it in
	 */
	 
	s->unit_minor=n;
	s->unit_fops=fops;
	
	/*
	 *	Link it
	 */
	 
	s->next=*list;
	*list=s;
	
	
	return n;
}

/*
 *	Remove a node from the chain. Called with the lock asserted
 */
 
static struct sound_unit *__sound_remove_unit(struct sound_unit **list, int unit)
{
	while(*list)
	{
		struct sound_unit *p=*list;
		if(p->unit_minor==unit)
		{
			*list=p->next;
			return p;
		}
		list=&(p->next);
	}
	printk(KERN_ERR "Sound device %d went missing!\n", unit);
	return NULL;
}

/*
 *	This lock guards the sound loader list.
 */

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sound_loader_lock);

/*
 *	Allocate the controlling structure and add it to the sound driver
 *	list. Acquires locks as needed
 */

static int sound_insert_unit(struct sound_unit **list, const struct file_operations *fops, int index, int low, int top, const char *name, umode_t mode, struct device *dev)
{
	struct sound_unit *s = kmalloc(sizeof(*s), GFP_KERNEL);
	int r;

	if (!s)
		return -ENOMEM;

	spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock);
retry:
	r = __sound_insert_unit(s, list, fops, index, low, top);
	spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock);
	
	if (r < 0)
		goto fail;
	else if (r < SOUND_STEP)
		sprintf(s->name, "sound/%s", name);
	else
		sprintf(s->name, "sound/%s%d", name, r / SOUND_STEP);

	if (!preclaim_oss) {
		/*
		 * Something else might have grabbed the minor.  If
		 * first free slot is requested, rescan with @low set
		 * to the next unit; otherwise, -EBUSY.
		 */
		r = __register_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, s->unit_minor, 1, s->name,
				      &soundcore_fops);
		if (r < 0) {
			spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock);
			__sound_remove_unit(list, s->unit_minor);
			if (index < 0) {
				low = s->unit_minor + SOUND_STEP;
				goto retry;
			}
			spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock);
			return -EBUSY;
		}
	}

	device_create(sound_class, dev, MKDEV(SOUND_MAJOR, s->unit_minor),
		      NULL, "%s", s->name+6);
	return s->unit_minor;

fail:
	kfree(s);
	return r;
}

/*
 *	Remove a unit. Acquires locks as needed. The drivers MUST have
 *	completed the removal before their file operations become
 *	invalid.
 */
 	
static void sound_remove_unit(struct sound_unit **list, int unit)
{
	struct sound_unit *p;

	spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock);
	p = __sound_remove_unit(list, unit);
	spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock);
	if (p) {
		if (!preclaim_oss)
			__unregister_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, p->unit_minor, 1,
					    p->name);
		device_destroy(sound_class, MKDEV(SOUND_MAJOR, p->unit_minor));
		kfree(p);
	}
}

/*
 *	Allocations
 *
 *	0	*16		Mixers
 *	1	*8		Sequencers
 *	2	*16		Midi
 *	3	*16		DSP
 *	4	*16		SunDSP
 *	5	*16		DSP16
 *	6	--		sndstat (obsolete)
 *	7	*16		unused
 *	8	--		alternate sequencer (see above)
 *	9	*16		raw synthesizer access
 *	10	*16		unused
 *	11	*16		unused
 *	12	*16		unused
 *	13	*16		unused
 *	14	*16		unused
 *	15	*16		unused
 */

static struct sound_unit *chains[SOUND_STEP];

/**
 *	register_sound_special_device - register a special sound node
 *	@fops: File operations for the driver
 *	@unit: Unit number to allocate
 *      @dev: device pointer
 *
 *	Allocate a special sound device by minor number from the sound
 *	subsystem.
 *
 *	Return: The allocated number is returned on success. On failure,
 *	a negative error code is returned.
 */
 
int register_sound_special_device(const struct file_operations *fops, int unit,
				  struct device *dev)
{
	const int chain = unit % SOUND_STEP;
	int max_unit = 256;
	const char *name;
	char _name[16];

	switch (chain) {
	    case 0:
		name = "mixer";
		break;
	    case 1:
		name = "sequencer";
		if (unit >= SOUND_STEP)
			goto __unknown;
		max_unit = unit + 1;
		break;
	    case 2:
		name = "midi";
		break;
	    case 3:
		name = "dsp";
		break;
	    case 4:
		name = "audio";
		break;
	    case 5:
		name = "dspW";
		break;
	    case 8:
		name = "sequencer2";
		if (unit >= SOUND_STEP)
			goto __unknown;
		max_unit = unit + 1;
		break;
	    case 9:
		name = "dmmidi";
		break;
	    case 10:
		name = "dmfm";
		break;
	    case 12:
		name = "adsp";
		break;
	    case 13:
		name = "amidi";
		break;
	    case 14:
		name = "admmidi";
		break;
	    default:
	    	{
		    __unknown:
			sprintf(_name, "unknown%d", chain);
		    	if (unit >= SOUND_STEP)
		    		strcat(_name, "-");
		    	name = _name;
		}
		break;
	}
	return sound_insert_unit(&chains[chain], fops, -1, unit, max_unit,
				 name, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR, dev);
}
 
EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_special_device);

int register_sound_special(const struct file_operations *fops, int unit)
{
	return register_sound_special_device(fops, unit, NULL);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_special);

/**
 *	register_sound_mixer - register a mixer device
 *	@fops: File operations for the driver
 *	@dev: Unit number to allocate
 *
 *	Allocate a mixer device. Unit is the number of the mixer requested.
 *	Pass -1 to request the next free mixer unit.
 *
 *	Return: On success, the allocated number is returned. On failure,
 *	a negative error code is returned.
 */

int register_sound_mixer(const struct file_operations *fops, int dev)
{
	return sound_insert_unit(&chains[0], fops, dev, 0, 128,
				 "mixer", S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR, NULL);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_mixer);

/**
 *	register_sound_midi - register a midi device
 *	@fops: File operations for the driver
 *	@dev: Unit number to allocate
 *
 *	Allocate a midi device. Unit is the number of the midi device requested.
 *	Pass -1 to request the next free midi unit.
 *
 *	Return: On success, the allocated number is returned. On failure,
 *	a negative error code is returned.
 */

int register_sound_midi(const struct file_operations *fops, int dev)
{
	return sound_insert_unit(&chains[2], fops, dev, 2, 130,
				 "midi", S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR, NULL);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_midi);

/*
 *	DSP's are registered as a triple. Register only one and cheat
 *	in open - see below.
 */
 
/**
 *	register_sound_dsp - register a DSP device
 *	@fops: File operations for the driver
 *	@dev: Unit number to allocate
 *
 *	Allocate a DSP device. Unit is the number of the DSP requested.
 *	Pass -1 to request the next free DSP unit.
 *
 *	This function allocates both the audio and dsp device entries together
 *	and will always allocate them as a matching pair - eg dsp3/audio3
 *
 *	Return: On success, the allocated number is returned. On failure,
 *	a negative error code is returned.
 */

int register_sound_dsp(const struct file_operations *fops, int dev)
{
	return sound_insert_unit(&chains[3], fops, dev, 3, 131,
				 "dsp", S_IWUSR | S_IRUSR, NULL);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_dsp);

/**
 *	unregister_sound_special - unregister a special sound device
 *	@unit: unit number to allocate
 *
 *	Release a sound device that was allocated with
 *	register_sound_special(). The unit passed is the return value from
 *	the register function.
 */


void unregister_sound_special(int unit)
{
	sound_remove_unit(&chains[unit % SOUND_STEP], unit);
}
 
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_sound_special);

/**
 *	unregister_sound_mixer - unregister a mixer
 *	@unit: unit number to allocate
 *
 *	Release a sound device that was allocated with register_sound_mixer().
 *	The unit passed is the return value from the register function.
 */

void unregister_sound_mixer(int unit)
{
	sound_remove_unit(&chains[0], unit);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_sound_mixer);

/**
 *	unregister_sound_midi - unregister a midi device
 *	@unit: unit number to allocate
 *
 *	Release a sound device that was allocated with register_sound_midi().
 *	The unit passed is the return value from the register function.
 */

void unregister_sound_midi(int unit)
{
	sound_remove_unit(&chains[2], unit);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_sound_midi);

/**
 *	unregister_sound_dsp - unregister a DSP device
 *	@unit: unit number to allocate
 *
 *	Release a sound device that was allocated with register_sound_dsp().
 *	The unit passed is the return value from the register function.
 *
 *	Both of the allocated units are released together automatically.
 */

void unregister_sound_dsp(int unit)
{
	sound_remove_unit(&chains[3], unit);
}


EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_sound_dsp);

static struct sound_unit *__look_for_unit(int chain, int unit)
{
	struct sound_unit *s;
	
	s=chains[chain];
	while(s && s->unit_minor <= unit)
	{
		if(s->unit_minor==unit)
			return s;
		s=s->next;
	}
	return NULL;
}

static int soundcore_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	int chain;
	int unit = iminor(inode);
	struct sound_unit *s;
	const struct file_operations *new_fops = NULL;

	chain=unit&0x0F;
	if(chain==4 || chain==5)	/* dsp/audio/dsp16 */
	{
		unit&=0xF0;
		unit|=3;
		chain=3;
	}
	
	spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock);
	s = __look_for_unit(chain, unit);
	if (s)
		new_fops = fops_get(s->unit_fops);
	if (preclaim_oss && !new_fops) {
		spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock);

		/*
		 *  Please, don't change this order or code.
		 *  For ALSA slot means soundcard and OSS emulation code
		 *  comes as add-on modules which aren't depend on
		 *  ALSA toplevel modules for soundcards, thus we need
		 *  load them at first.	  [Jaroslav Kysela <perex@jcu.cz>]
		 */
		request_module("sound-slot-%i", unit>>4);
		request_module("sound-service-%i-%i", unit>>4, chain);

		/*
		 * sound-slot/service-* module aliases are scheduled
		 * for removal in favor of the standard char-major-*
		 * module aliases.  For the time being, generate both
		 * the legacy and standard module aliases to ease
		 * transition.
		 */
		if (request_module("char-major-%d-%d", SOUND_MAJOR, unit) > 0)
			request_module("char-major-%d", SOUND_MAJOR);

		spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock);
		s = __look_for_unit(chain, unit);
		if (s)
			new_fops = fops_get(s->unit_fops);
	}
	spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock);
	if (new_fops) {
		/*
		 * We rely upon the fact that we can't be unloaded while the
		 * subdriver is there.
		 */
		int err = 0;
		replace_fops(file, new_fops);

		if (file->f_op->open)
			err = file->f_op->open(inode,file);

		return err;
	}
	return -ENODEV;
}

MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV_MAJOR(SOUND_MAJOR);

static void cleanup_oss_soundcore(void)
{
	/* We have nothing to really do here - we know the lists must be
	   empty */
	unregister_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, "sound");
}

static int __init init_oss_soundcore(void)
{
	if (preclaim_oss &&
	    register_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, "sound", &soundcore_fops) < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "soundcore: sound device already in use.\n");
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	return 0;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE */