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/*
 * net/core/dst.c	Protocol independent destination cache.
 *
 * Authors:		Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru>
 *
 */

#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/prefetch.h>
#include <net/lwtunnel.h>

#include <net/dst.h>
#include <net/dst_metadata.h>

/*
 * Theory of operations:
 * 1) We use a list, protected by a spinlock, to add
 *    new entries from both BH and non-BH context.
 * 2) In order to keep spinlock held for a small delay,
 *    we use a second list where are stored long lived
 *    entries, that are handled by the garbage collect thread
 *    fired by a workqueue.
 * 3) This list is guarded by a mutex,
 *    so that the gc_task and dst_dev_event() can be synchronized.
 */

/*
 * We want to keep lock & list close together
 * to dirty as few cache lines as possible in __dst_free().
 * As this is not a very strong hint, we dont force an alignment on SMP.
 */
int dst_discard_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_discard_out);

const struct dst_metrics dst_default_metrics = {
	/* This initializer is needed to force linker to place this variable
	 * into const section. Otherwise it might end into bss section.
	 * We really want to avoid false sharing on this variable, and catch
	 * any writes on it.
	 */
	.refcnt = REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
};

void dst_init(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_ops *ops,
	      struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete,
	      unsigned short flags)
{
	dst->child = NULL;
	dst->dev = dev;
	if (dev)
		dev_hold(dev);
	dst->ops = ops;
	dst_init_metrics(dst, dst_default_metrics.metrics, true);
	dst->expires = 0UL;
	dst->path = dst;
	dst->from = NULL;
#ifdef CONFIG_XFRM
	dst->xfrm = NULL;
#endif
	dst->input = dst_discard;
	dst->output = dst_discard_out;
	dst->error = 0;
	dst->obsolete = initial_obsolete;
	dst->header_len = 0;
	dst->trailer_len = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID
	dst->tclassid = 0;
#endif
	dst->lwtstate = NULL;
	atomic_set(&dst->__refcnt, initial_ref);
	dst->__use = 0;
	dst->lastuse = jiffies;
	dst->flags = flags;
	dst->next = NULL;
	if (!(flags & DST_NOCOUNT))
		dst_entries_add(ops, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_init);

void *dst_alloc(struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev,
		int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags)
{
	struct dst_entry *dst;

	if (ops->gc && dst_entries_get_fast(ops) > ops->gc_thresh) {
		if (ops->gc(ops))
			return NULL;
	}

	dst = kmem_cache_alloc(ops->kmem_cachep, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!dst)
		return NULL;

	dst_init(dst, ops, dev, initial_ref, initial_obsolete, flags);

	return dst;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_alloc);

struct dst_entry *dst_destroy(struct dst_entry * dst)
{
	struct dst_entry *child;

	smp_rmb();

	child = dst->child;

	if (!(dst->flags & DST_NOCOUNT))
		dst_entries_add(dst->ops, -1);

	if (dst->ops->destroy)
		dst->ops->destroy(dst);
	if (dst->dev)
		dev_put(dst->dev);

	lwtstate_put(dst->lwtstate);

	if (dst->flags & DST_METADATA)
		metadata_dst_free((struct metadata_dst *)dst);
	else
		kmem_cache_free(dst->ops->kmem_cachep, dst);

	dst = child;
	if (dst)
		dst_release_immediate(dst);
	return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_destroy);

static void dst_destroy_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
{
	struct dst_entry *dst = container_of(head, struct dst_entry, rcu_head);

	dst = dst_destroy(dst);
}

/* Operations to mark dst as DEAD and clean up the net device referenced
 * by dst:
 * 1. put the dst under loopback interface and discard all tx/rx packets
 *    on this route.
 * 2. release the net_device
 * This function should be called when removing routes from the fib tree
 * in preparation for a NETDEV_DOWN/NETDEV_UNREGISTER event and also to
 * make the next dst_ops->check() fail.
 */
void dst_dev_put(struct dst_entry *dst)
{
	struct net_device *dev = dst->dev;

	dst->obsolete = DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD;
	if (dst->ops->ifdown)
		dst->ops->ifdown(dst, dev, true);
	dst->input = dst_discard;
	dst->output = dst_discard_out;
	dst->dev = dev_net(dst->dev)->loopback_dev;
	dev_hold(dst->dev);
	dev_put(dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_dev_put);

void dst_release(struct dst_entry *dst)
{
	if (dst) {
		int newrefcnt;

		newrefcnt = atomic_dec_return(&dst->__refcnt);
		if (unlikely(newrefcnt < 0))
			net_warn_ratelimited("%s: dst:%p refcnt:%d\n",
					     __func__, dst, newrefcnt);
		if (!newrefcnt)
			call_rcu(&dst->rcu_head, dst_destroy_rcu);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_release);

void dst_release_immediate(struct dst_entry *dst)
{
	if (dst) {
		int newrefcnt;

		newrefcnt = atomic_dec_return(&dst->__refcnt);
		if (unlikely(newrefcnt < 0))
			net_warn_ratelimited("%s: dst:%p refcnt:%d\n",
					     __func__, dst, newrefcnt);
		if (!newrefcnt)
			dst_destroy(dst);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_release_immediate);

u32 *dst_cow_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old)
{
	struct dst_metrics *p = kmalloc(sizeof(*p), GFP_ATOMIC);

	if (p) {
		struct dst_metrics *old_p = (struct dst_metrics *)__DST_METRICS_PTR(old);
		unsigned long prev, new;

		refcount_set(&p->refcnt, 1);
		memcpy(p->metrics, old_p->metrics, sizeof(p->metrics));

		new = (unsigned long) p;
		prev = cmpxchg(&dst->_metrics, old, new);

		if (prev != old) {
			kfree(p);
			p = (struct dst_metrics *)__DST_METRICS_PTR(prev);
			if (prev & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY)
				p = NULL;
		} else if (prev & DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED) {
			if (refcount_dec_and_test(&old_p->refcnt))
				kfree(old_p);
		}
	}
	BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct dst_metrics, metrics) != 0);
	return (u32 *)p;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dst_cow_metrics_generic);

/* Caller asserts that dst_metrics_read_only(dst) is false.  */
void __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old)
{
	unsigned long prev, new;

	new = ((unsigned long) &dst_default_metrics) | DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY;
	prev = cmpxchg(&dst->_metrics, old, new);
	if (prev == old)
		kfree(__DST_METRICS_PTR(old));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__dst_destroy_metrics_generic);

static struct dst_ops md_dst_ops = {
	.family =		AF_UNSPEC,
};

static int dst_md_discard_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	WARN_ONCE(1, "Attempting to call output on metadata dst\n");
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return 0;
}

static int dst_md_discard(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	WARN_ONCE(1, "Attempting to call input on metadata dst\n");
	kfree_skb(skb);
	return 0;
}

static void __metadata_dst_init(struct metadata_dst *md_dst,
				enum metadata_type type, u8 optslen)

{
	struct dst_entry *dst;

	dst = &md_dst->dst;
	dst_init(dst, &md_dst_ops, NULL, 1, DST_OBSOLETE_NONE,
		 DST_METADATA | DST_NOCOUNT);

	dst->input = dst_md_discard;
	dst->output = dst_md_discard_out;

	memset(dst + 1, 0, sizeof(*md_dst) + optslen - sizeof(*dst));
	md_dst->type = type;
}

struct metadata_dst *metadata_dst_alloc(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type,
					gfp_t flags)
{
	struct metadata_dst *md_dst;

	md_dst = kmalloc(sizeof(*md_dst) + optslen, flags);
	if (!md_dst)
		return NULL;

	__metadata_dst_init(md_dst, type, optslen);

	return md_dst;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(metadata_dst_alloc);

void metadata_dst_free(struct metadata_dst *md_dst)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DST_CACHE
	if (md_dst->type == METADATA_IP_TUNNEL)
		dst_cache_destroy(&md_dst->u.tun_info.dst_cache);
#endif
	kfree(md_dst);
}

struct metadata_dst __percpu *
metadata_dst_alloc_percpu(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type, gfp_t flags)
{
	int cpu;
	struct metadata_dst __percpu *md_dst;

	md_dst = __alloc_percpu_gfp(sizeof(struct metadata_dst) + optslen,
				    __alignof__(struct metadata_dst), flags);
	if (!md_dst)
		return NULL;

	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
		__metadata_dst_init(per_cpu_ptr(md_dst, cpu), type, optslen);

	return md_dst;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(metadata_dst_alloc_percpu);