Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
2756
2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
2866
2867
2868
2869
2870
2871
2872
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877
2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
2917
2918
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
2932
2933
2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
2939
2940
2941
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * Memory Migration functionality - linux/mm/migrate.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc., Christoph Lameter
 *
 * Page migration was first developed in the context of the memory hotplug
 * project. The main authors of the migration code are:
 *
 * IWAMOTO Toshihiro <iwamoto@valinux.co.jp>
 * Hirokazu Takahashi <taka@valinux.co.jp>
 * Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com>
 * Christoph Lameter
 */

#include <linux/migrate.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/mm_inline.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/ksm.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/topology.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/compaction.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb_cgroup.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
#include <linux/memremap.h>
#include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
#include <linux/balloon_compaction.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
#include <linux/page_idle.h>
#include <linux/page_owner.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/migrate.h>

#include "internal.h"

/*
 * migrate_prep() needs to be called before we start compiling a list of pages
 * to be migrated using isolate_lru_page(). If scheduling work on other CPUs is
 * undesirable, use migrate_prep_local()
 */
int migrate_prep(void)
{
	/*
	 * Clear the LRU lists so pages can be isolated.
	 * Note that pages may be moved off the LRU after we have
	 * drained them. Those pages will fail to migrate like other
	 * pages that may be busy.
	 */
	lru_add_drain_all();

	return 0;
}

/* Do the necessary work of migrate_prep but not if it involves other CPUs */
int migrate_prep_local(void)
{
	lru_add_drain();

	return 0;
}

int isolate_movable_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
{
	struct address_space *mapping;

	/*
	 * Avoid burning cycles with pages that are yet under __free_pages(),
	 * or just got freed under us.
	 *
	 * In case we 'win' a race for a movable page being freed under us and
	 * raise its refcount preventing __free_pages() from doing its job
	 * the put_page() at the end of this block will take care of
	 * release this page, thus avoiding a nasty leakage.
	 */
	if (unlikely(!get_page_unless_zero(page)))
		goto out;

	/*
	 * Check PageMovable before holding a PG_lock because page's owner
	 * assumes anybody doesn't touch PG_lock of newly allocated page
	 * so unconditionally grapping the lock ruins page's owner side.
	 */
	if (unlikely(!__PageMovable(page)))
		goto out_putpage;
	/*
	 * As movable pages are not isolated from LRU lists, concurrent
	 * compaction threads can race against page migration functions
	 * as well as race against the releasing a page.
	 *
	 * In order to avoid having an already isolated movable page
	 * being (wrongly) re-isolated while it is under migration,
	 * or to avoid attempting to isolate pages being released,
	 * lets be sure we have the page lock
	 * before proceeding with the movable page isolation steps.
	 */
	if (unlikely(!trylock_page(page)))
		goto out_putpage;

	if (!PageMovable(page) || PageIsolated(page))
		goto out_no_isolated;

	mapping = page_mapping(page);
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!mapping, page);

	if (!mapping->a_ops->isolate_page(page, mode))
		goto out_no_isolated;

	/* Driver shouldn't use PG_isolated bit of page->flags */
	WARN_ON_ONCE(PageIsolated(page));
	__SetPageIsolated(page);
	unlock_page(page);

	return 0;

out_no_isolated:
	unlock_page(page);
out_putpage:
	put_page(page);
out:
	return -EBUSY;
}

/* It should be called on page which is PG_movable */
void putback_movable_page(struct page *page)
{
	struct address_space *mapping;

	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageMovable(page), page);
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageIsolated(page), page);

	mapping = page_mapping(page);
	mapping->a_ops->putback_page(page);
	__ClearPageIsolated(page);
}

/*
 * Put previously isolated pages back onto the appropriate lists
 * from where they were once taken off for compaction/migration.
 *
 * This function shall be used whenever the isolated pageset has been
 * built from lru, balloon, hugetlbfs page. See isolate_migratepages_range()
 * and isolate_huge_page().
 */
void putback_movable_pages(struct list_head *l)
{
	struct page *page;
	struct page *page2;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(page, page2, l, lru) {
		if (unlikely(PageHuge(page))) {
			putback_active_hugepage(page);
			continue;
		}
		list_del(&page->lru);
		/*
		 * We isolated non-lru movable page so here we can use
		 * __PageMovable because LRU page's mapping cannot have
		 * PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE.
		 */
		if (unlikely(__PageMovable(page))) {
			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageIsolated(page), page);
			lock_page(page);
			if (PageMovable(page))
				putback_movable_page(page);
			else
				__ClearPageIsolated(page);
			unlock_page(page);
			put_page(page);
		} else {
			mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), NR_ISOLATED_ANON +
					page_is_file_cache(page), -hpage_nr_pages(page));
			putback_lru_page(page);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Restore a potential migration pte to a working pte entry
 */
static bool remove_migration_pte(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				 unsigned long addr, void *old)
{
	struct page_vma_mapped_walk pvmw = {
		.page = old,
		.vma = vma,
		.address = addr,
		.flags = PVMW_SYNC | PVMW_MIGRATION,
	};
	struct page *new;
	pte_t pte;
	swp_entry_t entry;

	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page);
	while (page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw)) {
		if (PageKsm(page))
			new = page;
		else
			new = page - pvmw.page->index +
				linear_page_index(vma, pvmw.address);

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
		/* PMD-mapped THP migration entry */
		if (!pvmw.pte) {
			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageHuge(page) || !PageTransCompound(page), page);
			remove_migration_pmd(&pvmw, new);
			continue;
		}
#endif

		get_page(new);
		pte = pte_mkold(mk_pte(new, READ_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot)));
		if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*pvmw.pte))
			pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte);

		/*
		 * Recheck VMA as permissions can change since migration started
		 */
		entry = pte_to_swp_entry(*pvmw.pte);
		if (is_write_migration_entry(entry))
			pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte, vma);

		if (unlikely(is_zone_device_page(new))) {
			if (is_device_private_page(new)) {
				entry = make_device_private_entry(new, pte_write(pte));
				pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
			} else if (is_device_public_page(new)) {
				pte = pte_mkdevmap(pte);
				flush_dcache_page(new);
			}
		} else
			flush_dcache_page(new);

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
		if (PageHuge(new)) {
			pte = pte_mkhuge(pte);
			pte = arch_make_huge_pte(pte, vma, new, 0);
			set_huge_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte, pte);
			if (PageAnon(new))
				hugepage_add_anon_rmap(new, vma, pvmw.address);
			else
				page_dup_rmap(new, true);
		} else
#endif
		{
			set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte, pte);

			if (PageAnon(new))
				page_add_anon_rmap(new, vma, pvmw.address, false);
			else
				page_add_file_rmap(new, false);
		}
		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED && !PageTransCompound(new))
			mlock_vma_page(new);

		/* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
		update_mmu_cache(vma, pvmw.address, pvmw.pte);
	}

	return true;
}

/*
 * Get rid of all migration entries and replace them by
 * references to the indicated page.
 */
void remove_migration_ptes(struct page *old, struct page *new, bool locked)
{
	struct rmap_walk_control rwc = {
		.rmap_one = remove_migration_pte,
		.arg = old,
	};

	if (locked)
		rmap_walk_locked(new, &rwc);
	else
		rmap_walk(new, &rwc);
}

/*
 * Something used the pte of a page under migration. We need to
 * get to the page and wait until migration is finished.
 * When we return from this function the fault will be retried.
 */
void __migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep,
				spinlock_t *ptl)
{
	pte_t pte;
	swp_entry_t entry;
	struct page *page;

	spin_lock(ptl);
	pte = *ptep;
	if (!is_swap_pte(pte))
		goto out;

	entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
	if (!is_migration_entry(entry))
		goto out;

	page = migration_entry_to_page(entry);

	/*
	 * Once radix-tree replacement of page migration started, page_count
	 * *must* be zero. And, we don't want to call wait_on_page_locked()
	 * against a page without get_page().
	 * So, we use get_page_unless_zero(), here. Even failed, page fault
	 * will occur again.
	 */
	if (!get_page_unless_zero(page))
		goto out;
	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
	wait_on_page_locked(page);
	put_page(page);
	return;
out:
	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
}

void migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
				unsigned long address)
{
	spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);
	pte_t *ptep = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
	__migration_entry_wait(mm, ptep, ptl);
}

void migration_entry_wait_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte)
{
	spinlock_t *ptl = huge_pte_lockptr(hstate_vma(vma), mm, pte);
	__migration_entry_wait(mm, pte, ptl);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd)
{
	spinlock_t *ptl;
	struct page *page;

	ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
	if (!is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))
		goto unlock;
	page = migration_entry_to_page(pmd_to_swp_entry(*pmd));
	if (!get_page_unless_zero(page))
		goto unlock;
	spin_unlock(ptl);
	wait_on_page_locked(page);
	put_page(page);
	return;
unlock:
	spin_unlock(ptl);
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
/* Returns true if all buffers are successfully locked */
static bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head,
							enum migrate_mode mode)
{
	struct buffer_head *bh = head;

	/* Simple case, sync compaction */
	if (mode != MIGRATE_ASYNC) {
		do {
			get_bh(bh);
			lock_buffer(bh);
			bh = bh->b_this_page;

		} while (bh != head);

		return true;
	}

	/* async case, we cannot block on lock_buffer so use trylock_buffer */
	do {
		get_bh(bh);
		if (!trylock_buffer(bh)) {
			/*
			 * We failed to lock the buffer and cannot stall in
			 * async migration. Release the taken locks
			 */
			struct buffer_head *failed_bh = bh;
			put_bh(failed_bh);
			bh = head;
			while (bh != failed_bh) {
				unlock_buffer(bh);
				put_bh(bh);
				bh = bh->b_this_page;
			}
			return false;
		}

		bh = bh->b_this_page;
	} while (bh != head);
	return true;
}
#else
static inline bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head,
							enum migrate_mode mode)
{
	return true;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */

/*
 * Replace the page in the mapping.
 *
 * The number of remaining references must be:
 * 1 for anonymous pages without a mapping
 * 2 for pages with a mapping
 * 3 for pages with a mapping and PagePrivate/PagePrivate2 set.
 */
int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
		struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
		struct buffer_head *head, enum migrate_mode mode,
		int extra_count)
{
	struct zone *oldzone, *newzone;
	int dirty;
	int expected_count = 1 + extra_count;
	void **pslot;

	/*
	 * Device public or private pages have an extra refcount as they are
	 * ZONE_DEVICE pages.
	 */
	expected_count += is_device_private_page(page);
	expected_count += is_device_public_page(page);

	if (!mapping) {
		/* Anonymous page without mapping */
		if (page_count(page) != expected_count)
			return -EAGAIN;

		/* No turning back from here */
		newpage->index = page->index;
		newpage->mapping = page->mapping;
		if (PageSwapBacked(page))
			__SetPageSwapBacked(newpage);

		return MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
	}

	oldzone = page_zone(page);
	newzone = page_zone(newpage);

	spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);

	pslot = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&mapping->page_tree,
 					page_index(page));

	expected_count += 1 + page_has_private(page);
	if (page_count(page) != expected_count ||
		radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(pslot, &mapping->tree_lock) != page) {
		spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	if (!page_ref_freeze(page, expected_count)) {
		spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	/*
	 * In the async migration case of moving a page with buffers, lock the
	 * buffers using trylock before the mapping is moved. If the mapping
	 * was moved, we later failed to lock the buffers and could not move
	 * the mapping back due to an elevated page count, we would have to
	 * block waiting on other references to be dropped.
	 */
	if (mode == MIGRATE_ASYNC && head &&
			!buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(head, mode)) {
		page_ref_unfreeze(page, expected_count);
		spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	/*
	 * Now we know that no one else is looking at the page:
	 * no turning back from here.
	 */
	newpage->index = page->index;
	newpage->mapping = page->mapping;
	get_page(newpage);	/* add cache reference */
	if (PageSwapBacked(page)) {
		__SetPageSwapBacked(newpage);
		if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
			SetPageSwapCache(newpage);
			set_page_private(newpage, page_private(page));
		}
	} else {
		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageSwapCache(page), page);
	}

	/* Move dirty while page refs frozen and newpage not yet exposed */
	dirty = PageDirty(page);
	if (dirty) {
		ClearPageDirty(page);
		SetPageDirty(newpage);
	}

	radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->page_tree, pslot, newpage);

	/*
	 * Drop cache reference from old page by unfreezing
	 * to one less reference.
	 * We know this isn't the last reference.
	 */
	page_ref_unfreeze(page, expected_count - 1);

	spin_unlock(&mapping->tree_lock);
	/* Leave irq disabled to prevent preemption while updating stats */

	/*
	 * If moved to a different zone then also account
	 * the page for that zone. Other VM counters will be
	 * taken care of when we establish references to the
	 * new page and drop references to the old page.
	 *
	 * Note that anonymous pages are accounted for
	 * via NR_FILE_PAGES and NR_ANON_MAPPED if they
	 * are mapped to swap space.
	 */
	if (newzone != oldzone) {
		__dec_node_state(oldzone->zone_pgdat, NR_FILE_PAGES);
		__inc_node_state(newzone->zone_pgdat, NR_FILE_PAGES);
		if (PageSwapBacked(page) && !PageSwapCache(page)) {
			__dec_node_state(oldzone->zone_pgdat, NR_SHMEM);
			__inc_node_state(newzone->zone_pgdat, NR_SHMEM);
		}
		if (dirty && mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
			__dec_node_state(oldzone->zone_pgdat, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
			__dec_zone_state(oldzone, NR_ZONE_WRITE_PENDING);
			__inc_node_state(newzone->zone_pgdat, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
			__inc_zone_state(newzone, NR_ZONE_WRITE_PENDING);
		}
	}
	local_irq_enable();

	return MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_page_move_mapping);

/*
 * The expected number of remaining references is the same as that
 * of migrate_page_move_mapping().
 */
int migrate_huge_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
				   struct page *newpage, struct page *page)
{
	int expected_count;
	void **pslot;

	spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);

	pslot = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&mapping->page_tree,
					page_index(page));

	expected_count = 2 + page_has_private(page);
	if (page_count(page) != expected_count ||
		radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(pslot, &mapping->tree_lock) != page) {
		spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	if (!page_ref_freeze(page, expected_count)) {
		spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	newpage->index = page->index;
	newpage->mapping = page->mapping;

	get_page(newpage);

	radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->page_tree, pslot, newpage);

	page_ref_unfreeze(page, expected_count - 1);

	spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);

	return MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
}

/*
 * Gigantic pages are so large that we do not guarantee that page++ pointer
 * arithmetic will work across the entire page.  We need something more
 * specialized.
 */
static void __copy_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src,
				int nr_pages)
{
	int i;
	struct page *dst_base = dst;
	struct page *src_base = src;

	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; ) {
		cond_resched();
		copy_highpage(dst, src);

		i++;
		dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i);
		src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i);
	}
}

static void copy_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src)
{
	int i;
	int nr_pages;

	if (PageHuge(src)) {
		/* hugetlbfs page */
		struct hstate *h = page_hstate(src);
		nr_pages = pages_per_huge_page(h);

		if (unlikely(nr_pages > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) {
			__copy_gigantic_page(dst, src, nr_pages);
			return;
		}
	} else {
		/* thp page */
		BUG_ON(!PageTransHuge(src));
		nr_pages = hpage_nr_pages(src);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
		cond_resched();
		copy_highpage(dst + i, src + i);
	}
}

/*
 * Copy the page to its new location
 */
void migrate_page_states(struct page *newpage, struct page *page)
{
	int cpupid;

	if (PageError(page))
		SetPageError(newpage);
	if (PageReferenced(page))
		SetPageReferenced(newpage);
	if (PageUptodate(page))
		SetPageUptodate(newpage);
	if (TestClearPageActive(page)) {
		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageUnevictable(page), page);
		SetPageActive(newpage);
	} else if (TestClearPageUnevictable(page))
		SetPageUnevictable(newpage);
	if (PageChecked(page))
		SetPageChecked(newpage);
	if (PageMappedToDisk(page))
		SetPageMappedToDisk(newpage);

	/* Move dirty on pages not done by migrate_page_move_mapping() */
	if (PageDirty(page))
		SetPageDirty(newpage);

	if (page_is_young(page))
		set_page_young(newpage);
	if (page_is_idle(page))
		set_page_idle(newpage);

	/*
	 * Copy NUMA information to the new page, to prevent over-eager
	 * future migrations of this same page.
	 */
	cpupid = page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, -1);
	page_cpupid_xchg_last(newpage, cpupid);

	ksm_migrate_page(newpage, page);
	/*
	 * Please do not reorder this without considering how mm/ksm.c's
	 * get_ksm_page() depends upon ksm_migrate_page() and PageSwapCache().
	 */
	if (PageSwapCache(page))
		ClearPageSwapCache(page);
	ClearPagePrivate(page);
	set_page_private(page, 0);

	/*
	 * If any waiters have accumulated on the new page then
	 * wake them up.
	 */
	if (PageWriteback(newpage))
		end_page_writeback(newpage);

	copy_page_owner(page, newpage);

	mem_cgroup_migrate(page, newpage);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_page_states);

void migrate_page_copy(struct page *newpage, struct page *page)
{
	if (PageHuge(page) || PageTransHuge(page))
		copy_huge_page(newpage, page);
	else
		copy_highpage(newpage, page);

	migrate_page_states(newpage, page);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_page_copy);

/************************************************************
 *                    Migration functions
 ***********************************************************/

/*
 * Common logic to directly migrate a single LRU page suitable for
 * pages that do not use PagePrivate/PagePrivate2.
 *
 * Pages are locked upon entry and exit.
 */
int migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
		struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
		enum migrate_mode mode)
{
	int rc;

	BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page));	/* Writeback must be complete */

	rc = migrate_page_move_mapping(mapping, newpage, page, NULL, mode, 0);

	if (rc != MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS)
		return rc;

	if (mode != MIGRATE_SYNC_NO_COPY)
		migrate_page_copy(newpage, page);
	else
		migrate_page_states(newpage, page);
	return MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_page);

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
/*
 * Migration function for pages with buffers. This function can only be used
 * if the underlying filesystem guarantees that no other references to "page"
 * exist.
 */
int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
		struct page *newpage, struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
	struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
	int rc;

	if (!page_has_buffers(page))
		return migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);

	head = page_buffers(page);

	rc = migrate_page_move_mapping(mapping, newpage, page, head, mode, 0);

	if (rc != MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS)
		return rc;

	/*
	 * In the async case, migrate_page_move_mapping locked the buffers
	 * with an IRQ-safe spinlock held. In the sync case, the buffers
	 * need to be locked now
	 */
	if (mode != MIGRATE_ASYNC)
		BUG_ON(!buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(head, mode));

	ClearPagePrivate(page);
	set_page_private(newpage, page_private(page));
	set_page_private(page, 0);
	put_page(page);
	get_page(newpage);

	bh = head;
	do {
		set_bh_page(bh, newpage, bh_offset(bh));
		bh = bh->b_this_page;

	} while (bh != head);

	SetPagePrivate(newpage);

	if (mode != MIGRATE_SYNC_NO_COPY)
		migrate_page_copy(newpage, page);
	else
		migrate_page_states(newpage, page);

	bh = head;
	do {
		unlock_buffer(bh);
		put_bh(bh);
		bh = bh->b_this_page;

	} while (bh != head);

	return MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(buffer_migrate_page);
#endif

/*
 * Writeback a page to clean the dirty state
 */
static int writeout(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
{
	struct writeback_control wbc = {
		.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
		.nr_to_write = 1,
		.range_start = 0,
		.range_end = LLONG_MAX,
		.for_reclaim = 1
	};
	int rc;

	if (!mapping->a_ops->writepage)
		/* No write method for the address space */
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!clear_page_dirty_for_io(page))
		/* Someone else already triggered a write */
		return -EAGAIN;

	/*
	 * A dirty page may imply that the underlying filesystem has
	 * the page on some queue. So the page must be clean for
	 * migration. Writeout may mean we loose the lock and the
	 * page state is no longer what we checked for earlier.
	 * At this point we know that the migration attempt cannot
	 * be successful.
	 */
	remove_migration_ptes(page, page, false);

	rc = mapping->a_ops->writepage(page, &wbc);

	if (rc != AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE)
		/* unlocked. Relock */
		lock_page(page);

	return (rc < 0) ? -EIO : -EAGAIN;
}

/*
 * Default handling if a filesystem does not provide a migration function.
 */
static int fallback_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
	struct page *newpage, struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
	if (PageDirty(page)) {
		/* Only writeback pages in full synchronous migration */
		switch (mode) {
		case MIGRATE_SYNC:
		case MIGRATE_SYNC_NO_COPY:
			break;
		default:
			return -EBUSY;
		}
		return writeout(mapping, page);
	}

	/*
	 * Buffers may be managed in a filesystem specific way.
	 * We must have no buffers or drop them.
	 */
	if (page_has_private(page) &&
	    !try_to_release_page(page, GFP_KERNEL))
		return -EAGAIN;

	return migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
}

/*
 * Move a page to a newly allocated page
 * The page is locked and all ptes have been successfully removed.
 *
 * The new page will have replaced the old page if this function
 * is successful.
 *
 * Return value:
 *   < 0 - error code
 *  MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS - success
 */
static int move_to_new_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
				enum migrate_mode mode)
{
	struct address_space *mapping;
	int rc = -EAGAIN;
	bool is_lru = !__PageMovable(page);

	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(newpage), newpage);

	mapping = page_mapping(page);

	if (likely(is_lru)) {
		if (!mapping)
			rc = migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
		else if (mapping->a_ops->migratepage)
			/*
			 * Most pages have a mapping and most filesystems
			 * provide a migratepage callback. Anonymous pages
			 * are part of swap space which also has its own
			 * migratepage callback. This is the most common path
			 * for page migration.
			 */
			rc = mapping->a_ops->migratepage(mapping, newpage,
							page, mode);
		else
			rc = fallback_migrate_page(mapping, newpage,
							page, mode);
	} else {
		/*
		 * In case of non-lru page, it could be released after
		 * isolation step. In that case, we shouldn't try migration.
		 */
		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageIsolated(page), page);
		if (!PageMovable(page)) {
			rc = MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
			__ClearPageIsolated(page);
			goto out;
		}

		rc = mapping->a_ops->migratepage(mapping, newpage,
						page, mode);
		WARN_ON_ONCE(rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS &&
			!PageIsolated(page));
	}

	/*
	 * When successful, old pagecache page->mapping must be cleared before
	 * page is freed; but stats require that PageAnon be left as PageAnon.
	 */
	if (rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS) {
		if (__PageMovable(page)) {
			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageIsolated(page), page);

			/*
			 * We clear PG_movable under page_lock so any compactor
			 * cannot try to migrate this page.
			 */
			__ClearPageIsolated(page);
		}

		/*
		 * Anonymous and movable page->mapping will be cleard by
		 * free_pages_prepare so don't reset it here for keeping
		 * the type to work PageAnon, for example.
		 */
		if (!PageMappingFlags(page))
			page->mapping = NULL;
	}
out:
	return rc;
}

static int __unmap_and_move(struct page *page, struct page *newpage,
				int force, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
	int rc = -EAGAIN;
	int page_was_mapped = 0;
	struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL;
	bool is_lru = !__PageMovable(page);

	if (!trylock_page(page)) {
		if (!force || mode == MIGRATE_ASYNC)
			goto out;

		/*
		 * It's not safe for direct compaction to call lock_page.
		 * For example, during page readahead pages are added locked
		 * to the LRU. Later, when the IO completes the pages are
		 * marked uptodate and unlocked. However, the queueing
		 * could be merging multiple pages for one bio (e.g.
		 * mpage_readpages). If an allocation happens for the
		 * second or third page, the process can end up locking
		 * the same page twice and deadlocking. Rather than
		 * trying to be clever about what pages can be locked,
		 * avoid the use of lock_page for direct compaction
		 * altogether.
		 */
		if (current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC)
			goto out;

		lock_page(page);
	}

	if (PageWriteback(page)) {
		/*
		 * Only in the case of a full synchronous migration is it
		 * necessary to wait for PageWriteback. In the async case,
		 * the retry loop is too short and in the sync-light case,
		 * the overhead of stalling is too much
		 */
		switch (mode) {
		case MIGRATE_SYNC:
		case MIGRATE_SYNC_NO_COPY:
			break;
		default:
			rc = -EBUSY;
			goto out_unlock;
		}
		if (!force)
			goto out_unlock;
		wait_on_page_writeback(page);
	}

	/*
	 * By try_to_unmap(), page->mapcount goes down to 0 here. In this case,
	 * we cannot notice that anon_vma is freed while we migrates a page.
	 * This get_anon_vma() delays freeing anon_vma pointer until the end
	 * of migration. File cache pages are no problem because of page_lock()
	 * File Caches may use write_page() or lock_page() in migration, then,
	 * just care Anon page here.
	 *
	 * Only page_get_anon_vma() understands the subtleties of
	 * getting a hold on an anon_vma from outside one of its mms.
	 * But if we cannot get anon_vma, then we won't need it anyway,
	 * because that implies that the anon page is no longer mapped
	 * (and cannot be remapped so long as we hold the page lock).
	 */
	if (PageAnon(page) && !PageKsm(page))
		anon_vma = page_get_anon_vma(page);

	/*
	 * Block others from accessing the new page when we get around to
	 * establishing additional references. We are usually the only one
	 * holding a reference to newpage at this point. We used to have a BUG
	 * here if trylock_page(newpage) fails, but would like to allow for
	 * cases where there might be a race with the previous use of newpage.
	 * This is much like races on refcount of oldpage: just don't BUG().
	 */
	if (unlikely(!trylock_page(newpage)))
		goto out_unlock;

	if (unlikely(!is_lru)) {
		rc = move_to_new_page(newpage, page, mode);
		goto out_unlock_both;
	}

	/*
	 * Corner case handling:
	 * 1. When a new swap-cache page is read into, it is added to the LRU
	 * and treated as swapcache but it has no rmap yet.
	 * Calling try_to_unmap() against a page->mapping==NULL page will
	 * trigger a BUG.  So handle it here.
	 * 2. An orphaned page (see truncate_complete_page) might have
	 * fs-private metadata. The page can be picked up due to memory
	 * offlining.  Everywhere else except page reclaim, the page is
	 * invisible to the vm, so the page can not be migrated.  So try to
	 * free the metadata, so the page can be freed.
	 */
	if (!page->mapping) {
		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page);
		if (page_has_private(page)) {
			try_to_free_buffers(page);
			goto out_unlock_both;
		}
	} else if (page_mapped(page)) {
		/* Establish migration ptes */
		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page) && !PageKsm(page) && !anon_vma,
				page);
		try_to_unmap(page,
			TTU_MIGRATION|TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK|TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS);
		page_was_mapped = 1;
	}

	if (!page_mapped(page))
		rc = move_to_new_page(newpage, page, mode);

	if (page_was_mapped)
		remove_migration_ptes(page,
			rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS ? newpage : page, false);

out_unlock_both:
	unlock_page(newpage);
out_unlock:
	/* Drop an anon_vma reference if we took one */
	if (anon_vma)
		put_anon_vma(anon_vma);
	unlock_page(page);
out:
	/*
	 * If migration is successful, decrease refcount of the newpage
	 * which will not free the page because new page owner increased
	 * refcounter. As well, if it is LRU page, add the page to LRU
	 * list in here.
	 */
	if (rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS) {
		if (unlikely(__PageMovable(newpage)))
			put_page(newpage);
		else
			putback_lru_page(newpage);
	}

	return rc;
}

/*
 * gcc 4.7 and 4.8 on arm get an ICEs when inlining unmap_and_move().  Work
 * around it.
 */
#if (GCC_VERSION >= 40700 && GCC_VERSION < 40900) && defined(CONFIG_ARM)
#define ICE_noinline noinline
#else
#define ICE_noinline
#endif

/*
 * Obtain the lock on page, remove all ptes and migrate the page
 * to the newly allocated page in newpage.
 */
static ICE_noinline int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page,
				   free_page_t put_new_page,
				   unsigned long private, struct page *page,
				   int force, enum migrate_mode mode,
				   enum migrate_reason reason)
{
	int rc = MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
	int *result = NULL;
	struct page *newpage;

	newpage = get_new_page(page, private, &result);
	if (!newpage)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (page_count(page) == 1) {
		/* page was freed from under us. So we are done. */
		ClearPageActive(page);
		ClearPageUnevictable(page);
		if (unlikely(__PageMovable(page))) {
			lock_page(page);
			if (!PageMovable(page))
				__ClearPageIsolated(page);
			unlock_page(page);
		}
		if (put_new_page)
			put_new_page(newpage, private);
		else
			put_page(newpage);
		goto out;
	}

	if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page) && !PageTransHuge(newpage))) {
		lock_page(page);
		rc = split_huge_page(page);
		unlock_page(page);
		if (rc)
			goto out;
	}

	rc = __unmap_and_move(page, newpage, force, mode);
	if (rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS)
		set_page_owner_migrate_reason(newpage, reason);

out:
	if (rc != -EAGAIN) {
		/*
		 * A page that has been migrated has all references
		 * removed and will be freed. A page that has not been
		 * migrated will have kepts its references and be
		 * restored.
		 */
		list_del(&page->lru);

		/*
		 * Compaction can migrate also non-LRU pages which are
		 * not accounted to NR_ISOLATED_*. They can be recognized
		 * as __PageMovable
		 */
		if (likely(!__PageMovable(page)))
			mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), NR_ISOLATED_ANON +
					page_is_file_cache(page), -hpage_nr_pages(page));
	}

	/*
	 * If migration is successful, releases reference grabbed during
	 * isolation. Otherwise, restore the page to right list unless
	 * we want to retry.
	 */
	if (rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS) {
		put_page(page);
		if (reason == MR_MEMORY_FAILURE) {
			/*
			 * Set PG_HWPoison on just freed page
			 * intentionally. Although it's rather weird,
			 * it's how HWPoison flag works at the moment.
			 */
			if (!test_set_page_hwpoison(page))
				num_poisoned_pages_inc();
		}
	} else {
		if (rc != -EAGAIN) {
			if (likely(!__PageMovable(page))) {
				putback_lru_page(page);
				goto put_new;
			}

			lock_page(page);
			if (PageMovable(page))
				putback_movable_page(page);
			else
				__ClearPageIsolated(page);
			unlock_page(page);
			put_page(page);
		}
put_new:
		if (put_new_page)
			put_new_page(newpage, private);
		else
			put_page(newpage);
	}

	if (result) {
		if (rc)
			*result = rc;
		else
			*result = page_to_nid(newpage);
	}
	return rc;
}

/*
 * Counterpart of unmap_and_move_page() for hugepage migration.
 *
 * This function doesn't wait the completion of hugepage I/O
 * because there is no race between I/O and migration for hugepage.
 * Note that currently hugepage I/O occurs only in direct I/O
 * where no lock is held and PG_writeback is irrelevant,
 * and writeback status of all subpages are counted in the reference
 * count of the head page (i.e. if all subpages of a 2MB hugepage are
 * under direct I/O, the reference of the head page is 512 and a bit more.)
 * This means that when we try to migrate hugepage whose subpages are
 * doing direct I/O, some references remain after try_to_unmap() and
 * hugepage migration fails without data corruption.
 *
 * There is also no race when direct I/O is issued on the page under migration,
 * because then pte is replaced with migration swap entry and direct I/O code
 * will wait in the page fault for migration to complete.
 */
static int unmap_and_move_huge_page(new_page_t get_new_page,
				free_page_t put_new_page, unsigned long private,
				struct page *hpage, int force,
				enum migrate_mode mode, int reason)
{
	int rc = -EAGAIN;
	int *result = NULL;
	int page_was_mapped = 0;
	struct page *new_hpage;
	struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL;

	/*
	 * Movability of hugepages depends on architectures and hugepage size.
	 * This check is necessary because some callers of hugepage migration
	 * like soft offline and memory hotremove don't walk through page
	 * tables or check whether the hugepage is pmd-based or not before
	 * kicking migration.
	 */
	if (!hugepage_migration_supported(page_hstate(hpage))) {
		putback_active_hugepage(hpage);
		return -ENOSYS;
	}

	new_hpage = get_new_page(hpage, private, &result);
	if (!new_hpage)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (!trylock_page(hpage)) {
		if (!force)
			goto out;
		switch (mode) {
		case MIGRATE_SYNC:
		case MIGRATE_SYNC_NO_COPY:
			break;
		default:
			goto out;
		}
		lock_page(hpage);
	}

	if (PageAnon(hpage))
		anon_vma = page_get_anon_vma(hpage);

	if (unlikely(!trylock_page(new_hpage)))
		goto put_anon;

	if (page_mapped(hpage)) {
		try_to_unmap(hpage,
			TTU_MIGRATION|TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK|TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS);
		page_was_mapped = 1;
	}

	if (!page_mapped(hpage))
		rc = move_to_new_page(new_hpage, hpage, mode);

	if (page_was_mapped)
		remove_migration_ptes(hpage,
			rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS ? new_hpage : hpage, false);

	unlock_page(new_hpage);

put_anon:
	if (anon_vma)
		put_anon_vma(anon_vma);

	if (rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS) {
		hugetlb_cgroup_migrate(hpage, new_hpage);
		put_new_page = NULL;
		set_page_owner_migrate_reason(new_hpage, reason);
	}

	unlock_page(hpage);
out:
	if (rc != -EAGAIN)
		putback_active_hugepage(hpage);
	if (reason == MR_MEMORY_FAILURE && !test_set_page_hwpoison(hpage))
		num_poisoned_pages_inc();

	/*
	 * If migration was not successful and there's a freeing callback, use
	 * it.  Otherwise, put_page() will drop the reference grabbed during
	 * isolation.
	 */
	if (put_new_page)
		put_new_page(new_hpage, private);
	else
		putback_active_hugepage(new_hpage);

	if (result) {
		if (rc)
			*result = rc;
		else
			*result = page_to_nid(new_hpage);
	}
	return rc;
}

/*
 * migrate_pages - migrate the pages specified in a list, to the free pages
 *		   supplied as the target for the page migration
 *
 * @from:		The list of pages to be migrated.
 * @get_new_page:	The function used to allocate free pages to be used
 *			as the target of the page migration.
 * @put_new_page:	The function used to free target pages if migration
 *			fails, or NULL if no special handling is necessary.
 * @private:		Private data to be passed on to get_new_page()
 * @mode:		The migration mode that specifies the constraints for
 *			page migration, if any.
 * @reason:		The reason for page migration.
 *
 * The function returns after 10 attempts or if no pages are movable any more
 * because the list has become empty or no retryable pages exist any more.
 * The caller should call putback_movable_pages() to return pages to the LRU
 * or free list only if ret != 0.
 *
 * Returns the number of pages that were not migrated, or an error code.
 */
int migrate_pages(struct list_head *from, new_page_t get_new_page,
		free_page_t put_new_page, unsigned long private,
		enum migrate_mode mode, int reason)
{
	int retry = 1;
	int nr_failed = 0;
	int nr_succeeded = 0;
	int pass = 0;
	struct page *page;
	struct page *page2;
	int swapwrite = current->flags & PF_SWAPWRITE;
	int rc;

	if (!swapwrite)
		current->flags |= PF_SWAPWRITE;

	for(pass = 0; pass < 10 && retry; pass++) {
		retry = 0;

		list_for_each_entry_safe(page, page2, from, lru) {
			cond_resched();

			if (PageHuge(page))
				rc = unmap_and_move_huge_page(get_new_page,
						put_new_page, private, page,
						pass > 2, mode, reason);
			else
				rc = unmap_and_move(get_new_page, put_new_page,
						private, page, pass > 2, mode,
						reason);

			switch(rc) {
			case -ENOMEM:
				nr_failed++;
				goto out;
			case -EAGAIN:
				retry++;
				break;
			case MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS:
				nr_succeeded++;
				break;
			default:
				/*
				 * Permanent failure (-EBUSY, -ENOSYS, etc.):
				 * unlike -EAGAIN case, the failed page is
				 * removed from migration page list and not
				 * retried in the next outer loop.
				 */
				nr_failed++;
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	nr_failed += retry;
	rc = nr_failed;
out:
	if (nr_succeeded)
		count_vm_events(PGMIGRATE_SUCCESS, nr_succeeded);
	if (nr_failed)
		count_vm_events(PGMIGRATE_FAIL, nr_failed);
	trace_mm_migrate_pages(nr_succeeded, nr_failed, mode, reason);

	if (!swapwrite)
		current->flags &= ~PF_SWAPWRITE;

	return rc;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/*
 * Move a list of individual pages
 */
struct page_to_node {
	unsigned long addr;
	struct page *page;
	int node;
	int status;
};

static struct page *new_page_node(struct page *p, unsigned long private,
		int **result)
{
	struct page_to_node *pm = (struct page_to_node *)private;

	while (pm->node != MAX_NUMNODES && pm->page != p)
		pm++;

	if (pm->node == MAX_NUMNODES)
		return NULL;

	*result = &pm->status;

	if (PageHuge(p))
		return alloc_huge_page_node(page_hstate(compound_head(p)),
					pm->node);
	else if (thp_migration_supported() && PageTransHuge(p)) {
		struct page *thp;

		thp = alloc_pages_node(pm->node,
			(GFP_TRANSHUGE | __GFP_THISNODE) & ~__GFP_RECLAIM,
			HPAGE_PMD_ORDER);
		if (!thp)
			return NULL;
		prep_transhuge_page(thp);
		return thp;
	} else
		return __alloc_pages_node(pm->node,
				GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_THISNODE, 0);
}

/*
 * Move a set of pages as indicated in the pm array. The addr
 * field must be set to the virtual address of the page to be moved
 * and the node number must contain a valid target node.
 * The pm array ends with node = MAX_NUMNODES.
 */
static int do_move_page_to_node_array(struct mm_struct *mm,
				      struct page_to_node *pm,
				      int migrate_all)
{
	int err;
	struct page_to_node *pp;
	LIST_HEAD(pagelist);

	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

	/*
	 * Build a list of pages to migrate
	 */
	for (pp = pm; pp->node != MAX_NUMNODES; pp++) {
		struct vm_area_struct *vma;
		struct page *page;
		struct page *head;
		unsigned int follflags;

		err = -EFAULT;
		vma = find_vma(mm, pp->addr);
		if (!vma || pp->addr < vma->vm_start || !vma_migratable(vma))
			goto set_status;

		/* FOLL_DUMP to ignore special (like zero) pages */
		follflags = FOLL_GET | FOLL_DUMP;
		if (!thp_migration_supported())
			follflags |= FOLL_SPLIT;
		page = follow_page(vma, pp->addr, follflags);

		err = PTR_ERR(page);
		if (IS_ERR(page))
			goto set_status;

		err = -ENOENT;
		if (!page)
			goto set_status;

		err = page_to_nid(page);

		if (err == pp->node)
			/*
			 * Node already in the right place
			 */
			goto put_and_set;

		err = -EACCES;
		if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 &&
				!migrate_all)
			goto put_and_set;

		if (PageHuge(page)) {
			if (PageHead(page)) {
				isolate_huge_page(page, &pagelist);
				err = 0;
				pp->page = page;
			}
			goto put_and_set;
		}

		pp->page = compound_head(page);
		head = compound_head(page);
		err = isolate_lru_page(head);
		if (!err) {
			list_add_tail(&head->lru, &pagelist);
			mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(head),
				NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_is_file_cache(head),
				hpage_nr_pages(head));
		}
put_and_set:
		/*
		 * Either remove the duplicate refcount from
		 * isolate_lru_page() or drop the page ref if it was
		 * not isolated.
		 */
		put_page(page);
set_status:
		pp->status = err;
	}

	err = 0;
	if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) {
		err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page_node, NULL,
				(unsigned long)pm, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_SYSCALL);
		if (err)
			putback_movable_pages(&pagelist);
	}

	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return err;
}

/*
 * Migrate an array of page address onto an array of nodes and fill
 * the corresponding array of status.
 */
static int do_pages_move(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t task_nodes,
			 unsigned long nr_pages,
			 const void __user * __user *pages,
			 const int __user *nodes,
			 int __user *status, int flags)
{
	struct page_to_node *pm;
	unsigned long chunk_nr_pages;
	unsigned long chunk_start;
	int err;

	err = -ENOMEM;
	pm = (struct page_to_node *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pm)
		goto out;

	migrate_prep();

	/*
	 * Store a chunk of page_to_node array in a page,
	 * but keep the last one as a marker
	 */
	chunk_nr_pages = (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct page_to_node)) - 1;

	for (chunk_start = 0;
	     chunk_start < nr_pages;
	     chunk_start += chunk_nr_pages) {
		int j;

		if (chunk_start + chunk_nr_pages > nr_pages)
			chunk_nr_pages = nr_pages - chunk_start;

		/* fill the chunk pm with addrs and nodes from user-space */
		for (j = 0; j < chunk_nr_pages; j++) {
			const void __user *p;
			int node;

			err = -EFAULT;
			if (get_user(p, pages + j + chunk_start))
				goto out_pm;
			pm[j].addr = (unsigned long) p;

			if (get_user(node, nodes + j + chunk_start))
				goto out_pm;

			err = -ENODEV;
			if (node < 0 || node >= MAX_NUMNODES)
				goto out_pm;

			if (!node_state(node, N_MEMORY))
				goto out_pm;

			err = -EACCES;
			if (!node_isset(node, task_nodes))
				goto out_pm;

			pm[j].node = node;
		}

		/* End marker for this chunk */
		pm[chunk_nr_pages].node = MAX_NUMNODES;

		/* Migrate this chunk */
		err = do_move_page_to_node_array(mm, pm,
						 flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL);
		if (err < 0)
			goto out_pm;

		/* Return status information */
		for (j = 0; j < chunk_nr_pages; j++)
			if (put_user(pm[j].status, status + j + chunk_start)) {
				err = -EFAULT;
				goto out_pm;
			}
	}
	err = 0;

out_pm:
	free_page((unsigned long)pm);
out:
	return err;
}

/*
 * Determine the nodes of an array of pages and store it in an array of status.
 */
static void do_pages_stat_array(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long nr_pages,
				const void __user **pages, int *status)
{
	unsigned long i;

	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
		unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)(*pages);
		struct vm_area_struct *vma;
		struct page *page;
		int err = -EFAULT;

		vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
		if (!vma || addr < vma->vm_start)
			goto set_status;

		/* FOLL_DUMP to ignore special (like zero) pages */
		page = follow_page(vma, addr, FOLL_DUMP);

		err = PTR_ERR(page);
		if (IS_ERR(page))
			goto set_status;

		err = page ? page_to_nid(page) : -ENOENT;
set_status:
		*status = err;

		pages++;
		status++;
	}

	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}

/*
 * Determine the nodes of a user array of pages and store it in
 * a user array of status.
 */
static int do_pages_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long nr_pages,
			 const void __user * __user *pages,
			 int __user *status)
{
#define DO_PAGES_STAT_CHUNK_NR 16
	const void __user *chunk_pages[DO_PAGES_STAT_CHUNK_NR];
	int chunk_status[DO_PAGES_STAT_CHUNK_NR];

	while (nr_pages) {
		unsigned long chunk_nr;

		chunk_nr = nr_pages;
		if (chunk_nr > DO_PAGES_STAT_CHUNK_NR)
			chunk_nr = DO_PAGES_STAT_CHUNK_NR;

		if (copy_from_user(chunk_pages, pages, chunk_nr * sizeof(*chunk_pages)))
			break;

		do_pages_stat_array(mm, chunk_nr, chunk_pages, chunk_status);

		if (copy_to_user(status, chunk_status, chunk_nr * sizeof(*status)))
			break;

		pages += chunk_nr;
		status += chunk_nr;
		nr_pages -= chunk_nr;
	}
	return nr_pages ? -EFAULT : 0;
}

/*
 * Move a list of pages in the address space of the currently executing
 * process.
 */
SYSCALL_DEFINE6(move_pages, pid_t, pid, unsigned long, nr_pages,
		const void __user * __user *, pages,
		const int __user *, nodes,
		int __user *, status, int, flags)
{
	struct task_struct *task;
	struct mm_struct *mm;
	int err;
	nodemask_t task_nodes;

	/* Check flags */
	if (flags & ~(MPOL_MF_MOVE|MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL))
		return -EINVAL;

	if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE))
		return -EPERM;

	/* Find the mm_struct */
	rcu_read_lock();
	task = pid ? find_task_by_vpid(pid) : current;
	if (!task) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return -ESRCH;
	}
	get_task_struct(task);

	/*
	 * Check if this process has the right to modify the specified
	 * process. Use the regular "ptrace_may_access()" checks.
	 */
	if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS)) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		err = -EPERM;
		goto out;
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();

 	err = security_task_movememory(task);
 	if (err)
		goto out;

	task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(task);
	mm = get_task_mm(task);
	put_task_struct(task);

	if (!mm)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (nodes)
		err = do_pages_move(mm, task_nodes, nr_pages, pages,
				    nodes, status, flags);
	else
		err = do_pages_stat(mm, nr_pages, pages, status);

	mmput(mm);
	return err;

out:
	put_task_struct(task);
	return err;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
/*
 * Returns true if this is a safe migration target node for misplaced NUMA
 * pages. Currently it only checks the watermarks which crude
 */
static bool migrate_balanced_pgdat(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
				   unsigned long nr_migrate_pages)
{
	int z;

	for (z = pgdat->nr_zones - 1; z >= 0; z--) {
		struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + z;

		if (!populated_zone(zone))
			continue;

		/* Avoid waking kswapd by allocating pages_to_migrate pages. */
		if (!zone_watermark_ok(zone, 0,
				       high_wmark_pages(zone) +
				       nr_migrate_pages,
				       0, 0))
			continue;
		return true;
	}
	return false;
}

static struct page *alloc_misplaced_dst_page(struct page *page,
					   unsigned long data,
					   int **result)
{
	int nid = (int) data;
	struct page *newpage;

	newpage = __alloc_pages_node(nid,
					 (GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE |
					  __GFP_THISNODE | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC |
					  __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN) &
					 ~__GFP_RECLAIM, 0);

	return newpage;
}

/*
 * page migration rate limiting control.
 * Do not migrate more than @pages_to_migrate in a @migrate_interval_millisecs
 * window of time. Default here says do not migrate more than 1280M per second.
 */
static unsigned int migrate_interval_millisecs __read_mostly = 100;
static unsigned int ratelimit_pages __read_mostly = 128 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);

/* Returns true if the node is migrate rate-limited after the update */
static bool numamigrate_update_ratelimit(pg_data_t *pgdat,
					unsigned long nr_pages)
{
	/*
	 * Rate-limit the amount of data that is being migrated to a node.
	 * Optimal placement is no good if the memory bus is saturated and
	 * all the time is being spent migrating!
	 */
	if (time_after(jiffies, pgdat->numabalancing_migrate_next_window)) {
		spin_lock(&pgdat->numabalancing_migrate_lock);
		pgdat->numabalancing_migrate_nr_pages = 0;
		pgdat->numabalancing_migrate_next_window = jiffies +
			msecs_to_jiffies(migrate_interval_millisecs);
		spin_unlock(&pgdat->numabalancing_migrate_lock);
	}
	if (pgdat->numabalancing_migrate_nr_pages > ratelimit_pages) {
		trace_mm_numa_migrate_ratelimit(current, pgdat->node_id,
								nr_pages);
		return true;
	}

	/*
	 * This is an unlocked non-atomic update so errors are possible.
	 * The consequences are failing to migrate when we potentiall should
	 * have which is not severe enough to warrant locking. If it is ever
	 * a problem, it can be converted to a per-cpu counter.
	 */
	pgdat->numabalancing_migrate_nr_pages += nr_pages;
	return false;
}

static int numamigrate_isolate_page(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct page *page)
{
	int page_lru;

	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_order(page) && !PageTransHuge(page), page);

	/* Avoid migrating to a node that is nearly full */
	if (!migrate_balanced_pgdat(pgdat, 1UL << compound_order(page)))
		return 0;

	if (isolate_lru_page(page))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() skips page migration's usual
	 * check on page_count(), so we must do it here, now that the page
	 * has been isolated: a GUP pin, or any other pin, prevents migration.
	 * The expected page count is 3: 1 for page's mapcount and 1 for the
	 * caller's pin and 1 for the reference taken by isolate_lru_page().
	 */
	if (PageTransHuge(page) && page_count(page) != 3) {
		putback_lru_page(page);
		return 0;
	}

	page_lru = page_is_file_cache(page);
	mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_lru,
				hpage_nr_pages(page));

	/*
	 * Isolating the page has taken another reference, so the
	 * caller's reference can be safely dropped without the page
	 * disappearing underneath us during migration.
	 */
	put_page(page);
	return 1;
}

bool pmd_trans_migrating(pmd_t pmd)
{
	struct page *page = pmd_page(pmd);
	return PageLocked(page);
}

/*
 * Attempt to migrate a misplaced page to the specified destination
 * node. Caller is expected to have an elevated reference count on
 * the page that will be dropped by this function before returning.
 */
int migrate_misplaced_page(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
			   int node)
{
	pg_data_t *pgdat = NODE_DATA(node);
	int isolated;
	int nr_remaining;
	LIST_HEAD(migratepages);

	/*
	 * Don't migrate file pages that are mapped in multiple processes
	 * with execute permissions as they are probably shared libraries.
	 */
	if (page_mapcount(page) != 1 && page_is_file_cache(page) &&
	    (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC))
		goto out;

	/*
	 * Rate-limit the amount of data that is being migrated to a node.
	 * Optimal placement is no good if the memory bus is saturated and
	 * all the time is being spent migrating!
	 */
	if (numamigrate_update_ratelimit(pgdat, 1))
		goto out;

	isolated = numamigrate_isolate_page(pgdat, page);
	if (!isolated)
		goto out;

	list_add(&page->lru, &migratepages);
	nr_remaining = migrate_pages(&migratepages, alloc_misplaced_dst_page,
				     NULL, node, MIGRATE_ASYNC,
				     MR_NUMA_MISPLACED);
	if (nr_remaining) {
		if (!list_empty(&migratepages)) {
			list_del(&page->lru);
			dec_node_page_state(page, NR_ISOLATED_ANON +
					page_is_file_cache(page));
			putback_lru_page(page);
		}
		isolated = 0;
	} else
		count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_PAGE_MIGRATE);
	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&migratepages));
	return isolated;

out:
	put_page(page);
	return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */

#if defined(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING) && defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE)
/*
 * Migrates a THP to a given target node. page must be locked and is unlocked
 * before returning.
 */
int migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
				struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				pmd_t *pmd, pmd_t entry,
				unsigned long address,
				struct page *page, int node)
{
	spinlock_t *ptl;
	pg_data_t *pgdat = NODE_DATA(node);
	int isolated = 0;
	struct page *new_page = NULL;
	int page_lru = page_is_file_cache(page);
	unsigned long mmun_start = address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
	unsigned long mmun_end = mmun_start + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;

	/*
	 * Rate-limit the amount of data that is being migrated to a node.
	 * Optimal placement is no good if the memory bus is saturated and
	 * all the time is being spent migrating!
	 */
	if (numamigrate_update_ratelimit(pgdat, HPAGE_PMD_NR))
		goto out_dropref;

	new_page = alloc_pages_node(node,
		(GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT | __GFP_THISNODE),
		HPAGE_PMD_ORDER);
	if (!new_page)
		goto out_fail;
	prep_transhuge_page(new_page);

	isolated = numamigrate_isolate_page(pgdat, page);
	if (!isolated) {
		put_page(new_page);
		goto out_fail;
	}

	/* Prepare a page as a migration target */
	__SetPageLocked(new_page);
	if (PageSwapBacked(page))
		__SetPageSwapBacked(new_page);

	/* anon mapping, we can simply copy page->mapping to the new page: */
	new_page->mapping = page->mapping;
	new_page->index = page->index;
	migrate_page_copy(new_page, page);
	WARN_ON(PageLRU(new_page));

	/* Recheck the target PMD */
	mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
	ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
	if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*pmd, entry) || !page_ref_freeze(page, 2))) {
		spin_unlock(ptl);
		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);

		/* Reverse changes made by migrate_page_copy() */
		if (TestClearPageActive(new_page))
			SetPageActive(page);
		if (TestClearPageUnevictable(new_page))
			SetPageUnevictable(page);

		unlock_page(new_page);
		put_page(new_page);		/* Free it */

		/* Retake the callers reference and putback on LRU */
		get_page(page);
		putback_lru_page(page);
		mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page),
			 NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_lru, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);

		goto out_unlock;
	}

	entry = mk_huge_pmd(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot);
	entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);

	/*
	 * Clear the old entry under pagetable lock and establish the new PTE.
	 * Any parallel GUP will either observe the old page blocking on the
	 * page lock, block on the page table lock or observe the new page.
	 * The SetPageUptodate on the new page and page_add_new_anon_rmap
	 * guarantee the copy is visible before the pagetable update.
	 */
	flush_cache_range(vma, mmun_start, mmun_end);
	page_add_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, mmun_start, true);
	pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify(vma, mmun_start, pmd);
	set_pmd_at(mm, mmun_start, pmd, entry);
	update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, &entry);

	page_ref_unfreeze(page, 2);
	mlock_migrate_page(new_page, page);
	page_remove_rmap(page, true);
	set_page_owner_migrate_reason(new_page, MR_NUMA_MISPLACED);

	spin_unlock(ptl);
	mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);

	/* Take an "isolate" reference and put new page on the LRU. */
	get_page(new_page);
	putback_lru_page(new_page);

	unlock_page(new_page);
	unlock_page(page);
	put_page(page);			/* Drop the rmap reference */
	put_page(page);			/* Drop the LRU isolation reference */

	count_vm_events(PGMIGRATE_SUCCESS, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
	count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_PAGE_MIGRATE, HPAGE_PMD_NR);

	mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page),
			NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_lru,
			-HPAGE_PMD_NR);
	return isolated;

out_fail:
	count_vm_events(PGMIGRATE_FAIL, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
out_dropref:
	ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
	if (pmd_same(*pmd, entry)) {
		entry = pmd_modify(entry, vma->vm_page_prot);
		set_pmd_at(mm, mmun_start, pmd, entry);
		update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, &entry);
	}
	spin_unlock(ptl);

out_unlock:
	unlock_page(page);
	put_page(page);
	return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */

#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */

#if defined(CONFIG_MIGRATE_VMA_HELPER)
struct migrate_vma {
	struct vm_area_struct	*vma;
	unsigned long		*dst;
	unsigned long		*src;
	unsigned long		cpages;
	unsigned long		npages;
	unsigned long		start;
	unsigned long		end;
};

static int migrate_vma_collect_hole(unsigned long start,
				    unsigned long end,
				    struct mm_walk *walk)
{
	struct migrate_vma *migrate = walk->private;
	unsigned long addr;

	for (addr = start & PAGE_MASK; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
		migrate->src[migrate->npages] = MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
		migrate->dst[migrate->npages] = 0;
		migrate->npages++;
		migrate->cpages++;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int migrate_vma_collect_skip(unsigned long start,
				    unsigned long end,
				    struct mm_walk *walk)
{
	struct migrate_vma *migrate = walk->private;
	unsigned long addr;

	for (addr = start & PAGE_MASK; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
		migrate->dst[migrate->npages] = 0;
		migrate->src[migrate->npages++] = 0;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int migrate_vma_collect_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
				   unsigned long start,
				   unsigned long end,
				   struct mm_walk *walk)
{
	struct migrate_vma *migrate = walk->private;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma;
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
	unsigned long addr = start, unmapped = 0;
	spinlock_t *ptl;
	pte_t *ptep;

again:
	if (pmd_none(*pmdp))
		return migrate_vma_collect_hole(start, end, walk);

	if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp)) {
		struct page *page;

		ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmdp);
		if (unlikely(!pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp))) {
			spin_unlock(ptl);
			goto again;
		}

		page = pmd_page(*pmdp);
		if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) {
			spin_unlock(ptl);
			split_huge_pmd(vma, pmdp, addr);
			if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmdp))
				return migrate_vma_collect_skip(start, end,
								walk);
		} else {
			int ret;

			get_page(page);
			spin_unlock(ptl);
			if (unlikely(!trylock_page(page)))
				return migrate_vma_collect_skip(start, end,
								walk);
			ret = split_huge_page(page);
			unlock_page(page);
			put_page(page);
			if (ret)
				return migrate_vma_collect_skip(start, end,
								walk);
			if (pmd_none(*pmdp))
				return migrate_vma_collect_hole(start, end,
								walk);
		}
	}

	if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmdp)))
		return migrate_vma_collect_skip(start, end, walk);

	ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);
	arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();

	for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, ptep++) {
		unsigned long mpfn, pfn;
		struct page *page;
		swp_entry_t entry;
		pte_t pte;

		pte = *ptep;
		pfn = pte_pfn(pte);

		if (pte_none(pte)) {
			mpfn = MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
			migrate->cpages++;
			pfn = 0;
			goto next;
		}

		if (!pte_present(pte)) {
			mpfn = pfn = 0;

			/*
			 * Only care about unaddressable device page special
			 * page table entry. Other special swap entries are not
			 * migratable, and we ignore regular swapped page.
			 */
			entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
			if (!is_device_private_entry(entry))
				goto next;

			page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry);
			mpfn = migrate_pfn(page_to_pfn(page))|
				MIGRATE_PFN_DEVICE | MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
			if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry))
				mpfn |= MIGRATE_PFN_WRITE;
		} else {
			if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) {
				mpfn = MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
				migrate->cpages++;
				pfn = 0;
				goto next;
			}
			page = _vm_normal_page(migrate->vma, addr, pte, true);
			mpfn = migrate_pfn(pfn) | MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
			mpfn |= pte_write(pte) ? MIGRATE_PFN_WRITE : 0;
		}

		/* FIXME support THP */
		if (!page || !page->mapping || PageTransCompound(page)) {
			mpfn = pfn = 0;
			goto next;
		}
		pfn = page_to_pfn(page);

		/*
		 * By getting a reference on the page we pin it and that blocks
		 * any kind of migration. Side effect is that it "freezes" the
		 * pte.
		 *
		 * We drop this reference after isolating the page from the lru
		 * for non device page (device page are not on the lru and thus
		 * can't be dropped from it).
		 */
		get_page(page);
		migrate->cpages++;

		/*
		 * Optimize for the common case where page is only mapped once
		 * in one process. If we can lock the page, then we can safely
		 * set up a special migration page table entry now.
		 */
		if (trylock_page(page)) {
			pte_t swp_pte;

			mpfn |= MIGRATE_PFN_LOCKED;
			ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep);

			/* Setup special migration page table entry */
			entry = make_migration_entry(page, pte_write(pte));
			swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
			if (pte_soft_dirty(pte))
				swp_pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(swp_pte);
			set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, swp_pte);

			/*
			 * This is like regular unmap: we remove the rmap and
			 * drop page refcount. Page won't be freed, as we took
			 * a reference just above.
			 */
			page_remove_rmap(page, false);
			put_page(page);

			if (pte_present(pte))
				unmapped++;
		}

next:
		migrate->dst[migrate->npages] = 0;
		migrate->src[migrate->npages++] = mpfn;
	}
	arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep - 1, ptl);

	/* Only flush the TLB if we actually modified any entries */
	if (unmapped)
		flush_tlb_range(walk->vma, start, end);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * migrate_vma_collect() - collect pages over a range of virtual addresses
 * @migrate: migrate struct containing all migration information
 *
 * This will walk the CPU page table. For each virtual address backed by a
 * valid page, it updates the src array and takes a reference on the page, in
 * order to pin the page until we lock it and unmap it.
 */
static void migrate_vma_collect(struct migrate_vma *migrate)
{
	struct mm_walk mm_walk;

	mm_walk.pmd_entry = migrate_vma_collect_pmd;
	mm_walk.pte_entry = NULL;
	mm_walk.pte_hole = migrate_vma_collect_hole;
	mm_walk.hugetlb_entry = NULL;
	mm_walk.test_walk = NULL;
	mm_walk.vma = migrate->vma;
	mm_walk.mm = migrate->vma->vm_mm;
	mm_walk.private = migrate;

	mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm_walk.mm,
					    migrate->start,
					    migrate->end);
	walk_page_range(migrate->start, migrate->end, &mm_walk);
	mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm_walk.mm,
					  migrate->start,
					  migrate->end);

	migrate->end = migrate->start + (migrate->npages << PAGE_SHIFT);
}

/*
 * migrate_vma_check_page() - check if page is pinned or not
 * @page: struct page to check
 *
 * Pinned pages cannot be migrated. This is the same test as in
 * migrate_page_move_mapping(), except that here we allow migration of a
 * ZONE_DEVICE page.
 */
static bool migrate_vma_check_page(struct page *page)
{
	/*
	 * One extra ref because caller holds an extra reference, either from
	 * isolate_lru_page() for a regular page, or migrate_vma_collect() for
	 * a device page.
	 */
	int extra = 1;

	/*
	 * FIXME support THP (transparent huge page), it is bit more complex to
	 * check them than regular pages, because they can be mapped with a pmd
	 * or with a pte (split pte mapping).
	 */
	if (PageCompound(page))
		return false;

	/* Page from ZONE_DEVICE have one extra reference */
	if (is_zone_device_page(page)) {
		/*
		 * Private page can never be pin as they have no valid pte and
		 * GUP will fail for those. Yet if there is a pending migration
		 * a thread might try to wait on the pte migration entry and
		 * will bump the page reference count. Sadly there is no way to
		 * differentiate a regular pin from migration wait. Hence to
		 * avoid 2 racing thread trying to migrate back to CPU to enter
		 * infinite loop (one stoping migration because the other is
		 * waiting on pte migration entry). We always return true here.
		 *
		 * FIXME proper solution is to rework migration_entry_wait() so
		 * it does not need to take a reference on page.
		 */
		if (is_device_private_page(page))
			return true;

		/*
		 * Only allow device public page to be migrated and account for
		 * the extra reference count imply by ZONE_DEVICE pages.
		 */
		if (!is_device_public_page(page))
			return false;
		extra++;
	}

	/* For file back page */
	if (page_mapping(page))
		extra += 1 + page_has_private(page);

	if ((page_count(page) - extra) > page_mapcount(page))
		return false;

	return true;
}

/*
 * migrate_vma_prepare() - lock pages and isolate them from the lru
 * @migrate: migrate struct containing all migration information
 *
 * This locks pages that have been collected by migrate_vma_collect(). Once each
 * page is locked it is isolated from the lru (for non-device pages). Finally,
 * the ref taken by migrate_vma_collect() is dropped, as locked pages cannot be
 * migrated by concurrent kernel threads.
 */
static void migrate_vma_prepare(struct migrate_vma *migrate)
{
	const unsigned long npages = migrate->npages;
	const unsigned long start = migrate->start;
	unsigned long addr, i, restore = 0;
	bool allow_drain = true;

	lru_add_drain();

	for (i = 0; (i < npages) && migrate->cpages; i++) {
		struct page *page = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->src[i]);
		bool remap = true;

		if (!page)
			continue;

		if (!(migrate->src[i] & MIGRATE_PFN_LOCKED)) {
			/*
			 * Because we are migrating several pages there can be
			 * a deadlock between 2 concurrent migration where each
			 * are waiting on each other page lock.
			 *
			 * Make migrate_vma() a best effort thing and backoff
			 * for any page we can not lock right away.
			 */
			if (!trylock_page(page)) {
				migrate->src[i] = 0;
				migrate->cpages--;
				put_page(page);
				continue;
			}
			remap = false;
			migrate->src[i] |= MIGRATE_PFN_LOCKED;
		}

		/* ZONE_DEVICE pages are not on LRU */
		if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) {
			if (!PageLRU(page) && allow_drain) {
				/* Drain CPU's pagevec */
				lru_add_drain_all();
				allow_drain = false;
			}

			if (isolate_lru_page(page)) {
				if (remap) {
					migrate->src[i] &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
					migrate->cpages--;
					restore++;
				} else {
					migrate->src[i] = 0;
					unlock_page(page);
					migrate->cpages--;
					put_page(page);
				}
				continue;
			}

			/* Drop the reference we took in collect */
			put_page(page);
		}

		if (!migrate_vma_check_page(page)) {
			if (remap) {
				migrate->src[i] &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
				migrate->cpages--;
				restore++;

				if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) {
					get_page(page);
					putback_lru_page(page);
				}
			} else {
				migrate->src[i] = 0;
				unlock_page(page);
				migrate->cpages--;

				if (!is_zone_device_page(page))
					putback_lru_page(page);
				else
					put_page(page);
			}
		}
	}

	for (i = 0, addr = start; i < npages && restore; i++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
		struct page *page = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->src[i]);

		if (!page || (migrate->src[i] & MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE))
			continue;

		remove_migration_pte(page, migrate->vma, addr, page);

		migrate->src[i] = 0;
		unlock_page(page);
		put_page(page);
		restore--;
	}
}

/*
 * migrate_vma_unmap() - replace page mapping with special migration pte entry
 * @migrate: migrate struct containing all migration information
 *
 * Replace page mapping (CPU page table pte) with a special migration pte entry
 * and check again if it has been pinned. Pinned pages are restored because we
 * cannot migrate them.
 *
 * This is the last step before we call the device driver callback to allocate
 * destination memory and copy contents of original page over to new page.
 */
static void migrate_vma_unmap(struct migrate_vma *migrate)
{
	int flags = TTU_MIGRATION | TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK | TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS;
	const unsigned long npages = migrate->npages;
	const unsigned long start = migrate->start;
	unsigned long addr, i, restore = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < npages; i++) {
		struct page *page = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->src[i]);

		if (!page || !(migrate->src[i] & MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE))
			continue;

		if (page_mapped(page)) {
			try_to_unmap(page, flags);
			if (page_mapped(page))
				goto restore;
		}

		if (migrate_vma_check_page(page))
			continue;

restore:
		migrate->src[i] &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
		migrate->cpages--;
		restore++;
	}

	for (addr = start, i = 0; i < npages && restore; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
		struct page *page = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->src[i]);

		if (!page || (migrate->src[i] & MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE))
			continue;

		remove_migration_ptes(page, page, false);

		migrate->src[i] = 0;
		unlock_page(page);
		restore--;

		if (is_zone_device_page(page))
			put_page(page);
		else
			putback_lru_page(page);
	}
}

static void migrate_vma_insert_page(struct migrate_vma *migrate,
				    unsigned long addr,
				    struct page *page,
				    unsigned long *src,
				    unsigned long *dst)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = migrate->vma;
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
	struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
	bool flush = false;
	spinlock_t *ptl;
	pte_t entry;
	pgd_t *pgdp;
	p4d_t *p4dp;
	pud_t *pudp;
	pmd_t *pmdp;
	pte_t *ptep;

	/* Only allow populating anonymous memory */
	if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma))
		goto abort;

	pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
	p4dp = p4d_alloc(mm, pgdp, addr);
	if (!p4dp)
		goto abort;
	pudp = pud_alloc(mm, p4dp, addr);
	if (!pudp)
		goto abort;
	pmdp = pmd_alloc(mm, pudp, addr);
	if (!pmdp)
		goto abort;

	if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp) || pmd_devmap(*pmdp))
		goto abort;

	/*
	 * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map().  We can't run
	 * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created
	 * from a different thread.
	 *
	 * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under down_write(mmap_sem) or when
	 * parallel threads are excluded by other means.
	 *
	 * Here we only have down_read(mmap_sem).
	 */
	if (pte_alloc(mm, pmdp, addr))
		goto abort;

	/* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */
	if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(pmdp)))
		goto abort;

	if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma)))
		goto abort;
	if (mem_cgroup_try_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL, &memcg, false))
		goto abort;

	/*
	 * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that
	 * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before
	 * the set_pte_at() write.
	 */
	__SetPageUptodate(page);

	if (is_zone_device_page(page)) {
		if (is_device_private_page(page)) {
			swp_entry_t swp_entry;

			swp_entry = make_device_private_entry(page, vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE);
			entry = swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry);
		} else if (is_device_public_page(page)) {
			entry = pte_mkold(mk_pte(page, READ_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot)));
			if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
				entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry));
			entry = pte_mkdevmap(entry);
		}
	} else {
		entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
			entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry));
	}

	ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);

	if (pte_present(*ptep)) {
		unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep);

		if (!is_zero_pfn(pfn)) {
			pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
			mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
			goto abort;
		}
		flush = true;
	} else if (!pte_none(*ptep)) {
		pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
		mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
		goto abort;
	}

	/*
	 * Check for usefaultfd but do not deliver the fault. Instead,
	 * just back off.
	 */
	if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) {
		pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
		mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
		goto abort;
	}

	inc_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
	page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr, false);
	mem_cgroup_commit_charge(page, memcg, false, false);
	if (!is_zone_device_page(page))
		lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(page, vma);
	get_page(page);

	if (flush) {
		flush_cache_page(vma, addr, pte_pfn(*ptep));
		ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, addr, ptep);
		set_pte_at_notify(mm, addr, ptep, entry);
		update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, ptep);
	} else {
		/* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
		set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, entry);
		update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, ptep);
	}

	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
	*src = MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
	return;

abort:
	*src &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
}

/*
 * migrate_vma_pages() - migrate meta-data from src page to dst page
 * @migrate: migrate struct containing all migration information
 *
 * This migrates struct page meta-data from source struct page to destination
 * struct page. This effectively finishes the migration from source page to the
 * destination page.
 */
static void migrate_vma_pages(struct migrate_vma *migrate)
{
	const unsigned long npages = migrate->npages;
	const unsigned long start = migrate->start;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = migrate->vma;
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
	unsigned long addr, i, mmu_start;
	bool notified = false;

	for (i = 0, addr = start; i < npages; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
		struct page *newpage = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->dst[i]);
		struct page *page = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->src[i]);
		struct address_space *mapping;
		int r;

		if (!newpage) {
			migrate->src[i] &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
			continue;
		}

		if (!page) {
			if (!(migrate->src[i] & MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE)) {
				continue;
			}
			if (!notified) {
				mmu_start = addr;
				notified = true;
				mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm,
								mmu_start,
								migrate->end);
			}
			migrate_vma_insert_page(migrate, addr, newpage,
						&migrate->src[i],
						&migrate->dst[i]);
			continue;
		}

		mapping = page_mapping(page);

		if (is_zone_device_page(newpage)) {
			if (is_device_private_page(newpage)) {
				/*
				 * For now only support private anonymous when
				 * migrating to un-addressable device memory.
				 */
				if (mapping) {
					migrate->src[i] &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
					continue;
				}
			} else if (!is_device_public_page(newpage)) {
				/*
				 * Other types of ZONE_DEVICE page are not
				 * supported.
				 */
				migrate->src[i] &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
				continue;
			}
		}

		r = migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, MIGRATE_SYNC_NO_COPY);
		if (r != MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS)
			migrate->src[i] &= ~MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE;
	}

	if (notified)
		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmu_start,
						  migrate->end);
}

/*
 * migrate_vma_finalize() - restore CPU page table entry
 * @migrate: migrate struct containing all migration information
 *
 * This replaces the special migration pte entry with either a mapping to the
 * new page if migration was successful for that page, or to the original page
 * otherwise.
 *
 * This also unlocks the pages and puts them back on the lru, or drops the extra
 * refcount, for device pages.
 */
static void migrate_vma_finalize(struct migrate_vma *migrate)
{
	const unsigned long npages = migrate->npages;
	unsigned long i;

	for (i = 0; i < npages; i++) {
		struct page *newpage = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->dst[i]);
		struct page *page = migrate_pfn_to_page(migrate->src[i]);

		if (!page) {
			if (newpage) {
				unlock_page(newpage);
				put_page(newpage);
			}
			continue;
		}

		if (!(migrate->src[i] & MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE) || !newpage) {
			if (newpage) {
				unlock_page(newpage);
				put_page(newpage);
			}
			newpage = page;
		}

		remove_migration_ptes(page, newpage, false);
		unlock_page(page);
		migrate->cpages--;

		if (is_zone_device_page(page))
			put_page(page);
		else
			putback_lru_page(page);

		if (newpage != page) {
			unlock_page(newpage);
			if (is_zone_device_page(newpage))
				put_page(newpage);
			else
				putback_lru_page(newpage);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * migrate_vma() - migrate a range of memory inside vma
 *
 * @ops: migration callback for allocating destination memory and copying
 * @vma: virtual memory area containing the range to be migrated
 * @start: start address of the range to migrate (inclusive)
 * @end: end address of the range to migrate (exclusive)
 * @src: array of hmm_pfn_t containing source pfns
 * @dst: array of hmm_pfn_t containing destination pfns
 * @private: pointer passed back to each of the callback
 * Returns: 0 on success, error code otherwise
 *
 * This function tries to migrate a range of memory virtual address range, using
 * callbacks to allocate and copy memory from source to destination. First it
 * collects all the pages backing each virtual address in the range, saving this
 * inside the src array. Then it locks those pages and unmaps them. Once the pages
 * are locked and unmapped, it checks whether each page is pinned or not. Pages
 * that aren't pinned have the MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE flag set (by this function)
 * in the corresponding src array entry. It then restores any pages that are
 * pinned, by remapping and unlocking those pages.
 *
 * At this point it calls the alloc_and_copy() callback. For documentation on
 * what is expected from that callback, see struct migrate_vma_ops comments in
 * include/linux/migrate.h
 *
 * After the alloc_and_copy() callback, this function goes over each entry in
 * the src array that has the MIGRATE_PFN_VALID and MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE flag
 * set. If the corresponding entry in dst array has MIGRATE_PFN_VALID flag set,
 * then the function tries to migrate struct page information from the source
 * struct page to the destination struct page. If it fails to migrate the struct
 * page information, then it clears the MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE flag in the src
 * array.
 *
 * At this point all successfully migrated pages have an entry in the src
 * array with MIGRATE_PFN_VALID and MIGRATE_PFN_MIGRATE flag set and the dst
 * array entry with MIGRATE_PFN_VALID flag set.
 *
 * It then calls the finalize_and_map() callback. See comments for "struct
 * migrate_vma_ops", in include/linux/migrate.h for details about
 * finalize_and_map() behavior.
 *
 * After the finalize_and_map() callback, for successfully migrated pages, this
 * function updates the CPU page table to point to new pages, otherwise it
 * restores the CPU page table to point to the original source pages.
 *
 * Function returns 0 after the above steps, even if no pages were migrated
 * (The function only returns an error if any of the arguments are invalid.)
 *
 * Both src and dst array must be big enough for (end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT
 * unsigned long entries.
 */
int migrate_vma(const struct migrate_vma_ops *ops,
		struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		unsigned long start,
		unsigned long end,
		unsigned long *src,
		unsigned long *dst,
		void *private)
{
	struct migrate_vma migrate;

	/* Sanity check the arguments */
	start &= PAGE_MASK;
	end &= PAGE_MASK;
	if (!vma || is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL))
		return -EINVAL;
	if (start < vma->vm_start || start >= vma->vm_end)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (end <= vma->vm_start || end > vma->vm_end)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!ops || !src || !dst || start >= end)
		return -EINVAL;

	memset(src, 0, sizeof(*src) * ((end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT));
	migrate.src = src;
	migrate.dst = dst;
	migrate.start = start;
	migrate.npages = 0;
	migrate.cpages = 0;
	migrate.end = end;
	migrate.vma = vma;

	/* Collect, and try to unmap source pages */
	migrate_vma_collect(&migrate);
	if (!migrate.cpages)
		return 0;

	/* Lock and isolate page */
	migrate_vma_prepare(&migrate);
	if (!migrate.cpages)
		return 0;

	/* Unmap pages */
	migrate_vma_unmap(&migrate);
	if (!migrate.cpages)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * At this point pages are locked and unmapped, and thus they have
	 * stable content and can safely be copied to destination memory that
	 * is allocated by the callback.
	 *
	 * Note that migration can fail in migrate_vma_struct_page() for each
	 * individual page.
	 */
	ops->alloc_and_copy(vma, src, dst, start, end, private);

	/* This does the real migration of struct page */
	migrate_vma_pages(&migrate);

	ops->finalize_and_map(vma, src, dst, start, end, private);

	/* Unlock and remap pages */
	migrate_vma_finalize(&migrate);

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_vma);
#endif /* defined(MIGRATE_VMA_HELPER) */