Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

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/*
 * kernel userspace event delivery
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Novell, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Licensed under the GNU GPL v2.
 *
 * Authors:
 *	Robert Love		<rml@novell.com>
 *	Kay Sievers		<kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
 *	Arjan van de Ven	<arjanv@redhat.com>
 *	Greg Kroah-Hartman	<greg@kroah.com>
 */

#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/uuid.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>


u64 uevent_seqnum;
#ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER
char uevent_helper[UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN] = CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER_PATH;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NET
struct uevent_sock {
	struct list_head list;
	struct sock *sk;
};
static LIST_HEAD(uevent_sock_list);
#endif

/* This lock protects uevent_seqnum and uevent_sock_list */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(uevent_sock_mutex);

/* the strings here must match the enum in include/linux/kobject.h */
static const char *kobject_actions[] = {
	[KOBJ_ADD] =		"add",
	[KOBJ_REMOVE] =		"remove",
	[KOBJ_CHANGE] =		"change",
	[KOBJ_MOVE] =		"move",
	[KOBJ_ONLINE] =		"online",
	[KOBJ_OFFLINE] =	"offline",
};

static int kobject_action_type(const char *buf, size_t count,
			       enum kobject_action *type,
			       const char **args)
{
	enum kobject_action action;
	size_t count_first;
	const char *args_start;
	int ret = -EINVAL;

	if (count && (buf[count-1] == '\n' || buf[count-1] == '\0'))
		count--;

	if (!count)
		goto out;

	args_start = strnchr(buf, count, ' ');
	if (args_start) {
		count_first = args_start - buf;
		args_start = args_start + 1;
	} else
		count_first = count;

	for (action = 0; action < ARRAY_SIZE(kobject_actions); action++) {
		if (strncmp(kobject_actions[action], buf, count_first) != 0)
			continue;
		if (kobject_actions[action][count_first] != '\0')
			continue;
		if (args)
			*args = args_start;
		*type = action;
		ret = 0;
		break;
	}
out:
	return ret;
}

static const char *action_arg_word_end(const char *buf, const char *buf_end,
				       char delim)
{
	const char *next = buf;

	while (next <= buf_end && *next != delim)
		if (!isalnum(*next++))
			return NULL;

	if (next == buf)
		return NULL;

	return next;
}

static int kobject_action_args(const char *buf, size_t count,
			       struct kobj_uevent_env **ret_env)
{
	struct kobj_uevent_env *env = NULL;
	const char *next, *buf_end, *key;
	int key_len;
	int r = -EINVAL;

	if (count && (buf[count - 1] == '\n' || buf[count - 1] == '\0'))
		count--;

	if (!count)
		return -EINVAL;

	env = kzalloc(sizeof(*env), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!env)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* first arg is UUID */
	if (count < UUID_STRING_LEN || !uuid_is_valid(buf) ||
	    add_uevent_var(env, "SYNTH_UUID=%.*s", UUID_STRING_LEN, buf))
		goto out;

	/*
	 * the rest are custom environment variables in KEY=VALUE
	 * format with ' ' delimiter between each KEY=VALUE pair
	 */
	next = buf + UUID_STRING_LEN;
	buf_end = buf + count - 1;

	while (next <= buf_end) {
		if (*next != ' ')
			goto out;

		/* skip the ' ', key must follow */
		key = ++next;
		if (key > buf_end)
			goto out;

		buf = next;
		next = action_arg_word_end(buf, buf_end, '=');
		if (!next || next > buf_end || *next != '=')
			goto out;
		key_len = next - buf;

		/* skip the '=', value must follow */
		if (++next > buf_end)
			goto out;

		buf = next;
		next = action_arg_word_end(buf, buf_end, ' ');
		if (!next)
			goto out;

		if (add_uevent_var(env, "SYNTH_ARG_%.*s=%.*s",
				   key_len, key, (int) (next - buf), buf))
			goto out;
	}

	r = 0;
out:
	if (r)
		kfree(env);
	else
		*ret_env = env;
	return r;
}

/**
 * kobject_synth_uevent - send synthetic uevent with arguments
 *
 * @kobj: struct kobject for which synthetic uevent is to be generated
 * @buf: buffer containing action type and action args, newline is ignored
 * @count: length of buffer
 *
 * Returns 0 if kobject_synthetic_uevent() is completed with success or the
 * corresponding error when it fails.
 */
int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	char *no_uuid_envp[] = { "SYNTH_UUID=0", NULL };
	enum kobject_action action;
	const char *action_args;
	struct kobj_uevent_env *env;
	const char *msg = NULL, *devpath;
	int r;

	r = kobject_action_type(buf, count, &action, &action_args);
	if (r) {
		msg = "unknown uevent action string\n";
		goto out;
	}

	if (!action_args) {
		r = kobject_uevent_env(kobj, action, no_uuid_envp);
		goto out;
	}

	r = kobject_action_args(action_args,
				count - (action_args - buf), &env);
	if (r == -EINVAL) {
		msg = "incorrect uevent action arguments\n";
		goto out;
	}

	if (r)
		goto out;

	r = kobject_uevent_env(kobj, action, env->envp);
	kfree(env);
out:
	if (r) {
		devpath = kobject_get_path(kobj, GFP_KERNEL);
		printk(KERN_WARNING "synth uevent: %s: %s",
		       devpath ?: "unknown device",
		       msg ?: "failed to send uevent");
		kfree(devpath);
	}
	return r;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NET
static int kobj_bcast_filter(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data)
{
	struct kobject *kobj = data, *ksobj;
	const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ops;

	ops = kobj_ns_ops(kobj);
	if (!ops && kobj->kset) {
		ksobj = &kobj->kset->kobj;
		if (ksobj->parent != NULL)
			ops = kobj_ns_ops(ksobj->parent);
	}

	if (ops && ops->netlink_ns && kobj->ktype->namespace) {
		const void *sock_ns, *ns;
		ns = kobj->ktype->namespace(kobj);
		sock_ns = ops->netlink_ns(dsk);
		return sock_ns != ns;
	}

	return 0;
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER
static int kobj_usermode_filter(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ops;

	ops = kobj_ns_ops(kobj);
	if (ops) {
		const void *init_ns, *ns;
		ns = kobj->ktype->namespace(kobj);
		init_ns = ops->initial_ns();
		return ns != init_ns;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int init_uevent_argv(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *subsystem)
{
	int len;

	len = strlcpy(&env->buf[env->buflen], subsystem,
		      sizeof(env->buf) - env->buflen);
	if (len >= (sizeof(env->buf) - env->buflen)) {
		WARN(1, KERN_ERR "init_uevent_argv: buffer size too small\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	env->argv[0] = uevent_helper;
	env->argv[1] = &env->buf[env->buflen];
	env->argv[2] = NULL;

	env->buflen += len + 1;
	return 0;
}

static void cleanup_uevent_env(struct subprocess_info *info)
{
	kfree(info->data);
}
#endif

/**
 * kobject_uevent_env - send an uevent with environmental data
 *
 * @kobj: struct kobject that the action is happening to
 * @action: action that is happening
 * @envp_ext: pointer to environmental data
 *
 * Returns 0 if kobject_uevent_env() is completed with success or the
 * corresponding error when it fails.
 */
int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action,
		       char *envp_ext[])
{
	struct kobj_uevent_env *env;
	const char *action_string = kobject_actions[action];
	const char *devpath = NULL;
	const char *subsystem;
	struct kobject *top_kobj;
	struct kset *kset;
	const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops;
	int i = 0;
	int retval = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_NET
	struct uevent_sock *ue_sk;
#endif

	pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s\n",
		 kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__);

	/* search the kset we belong to */
	top_kobj = kobj;
	while (!top_kobj->kset && top_kobj->parent)
		top_kobj = top_kobj->parent;

	if (!top_kobj->kset) {
		pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: attempted to send uevent "
			 "without kset!\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj,
			 __func__);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	kset = top_kobj->kset;
	uevent_ops = kset->uevent_ops;

	/* skip the event, if uevent_suppress is set*/
	if (kobj->uevent_suppress) {
		pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: uevent_suppress "
				 "caused the event to drop!\n",
				 kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__);
		return 0;
	}
	/* skip the event, if the filter returns zero. */
	if (uevent_ops && uevent_ops->filter)
		if (!uevent_ops->filter(kset, kobj)) {
			pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: filter function "
				 "caused the event to drop!\n",
				 kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__);
			return 0;
		}

	/* originating subsystem */
	if (uevent_ops && uevent_ops->name)
		subsystem = uevent_ops->name(kset, kobj);
	else
		subsystem = kobject_name(&kset->kobj);
	if (!subsystem) {
		pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: unset subsystem caused the "
			 "event to drop!\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj,
			 __func__);
		return 0;
	}

	/* environment buffer */
	env = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kobj_uevent_env), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!env)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* complete object path */
	devpath = kobject_get_path(kobj, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!devpath) {
		retval = -ENOENT;
		goto exit;
	}

	/* default keys */
	retval = add_uevent_var(env, "ACTION=%s", action_string);
	if (retval)
		goto exit;
	retval = add_uevent_var(env, "DEVPATH=%s", devpath);
	if (retval)
		goto exit;
	retval = add_uevent_var(env, "SUBSYSTEM=%s", subsystem);
	if (retval)
		goto exit;

	/* keys passed in from the caller */
	if (envp_ext) {
		for (i = 0; envp_ext[i]; i++) {
			retval = add_uevent_var(env, "%s", envp_ext[i]);
			if (retval)
				goto exit;
		}
	}

	/* let the kset specific function add its stuff */
	if (uevent_ops && uevent_ops->uevent) {
		retval = uevent_ops->uevent(kset, kobj, env);
		if (retval) {
			pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: uevent() returned "
				 "%d\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj,
				 __func__, retval);
			goto exit;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Mark "add" and "remove" events in the object to ensure proper
	 * events to userspace during automatic cleanup. If the object did
	 * send an "add" event, "remove" will automatically generated by
	 * the core, if not already done by the caller.
	 */
	if (action == KOBJ_ADD)
		kobj->state_add_uevent_sent = 1;
	else if (action == KOBJ_REMOVE)
		kobj->state_remove_uevent_sent = 1;

	mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
	/* we will send an event, so request a new sequence number */
	retval = add_uevent_var(env, "SEQNUM=%llu", (unsigned long long)++uevent_seqnum);
	if (retval) {
		mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
		goto exit;
	}

#if defined(CONFIG_NET)
	/* send netlink message */
	list_for_each_entry(ue_sk, &uevent_sock_list, list) {
		struct sock *uevent_sock = ue_sk->sk;
		struct sk_buff *skb;
		size_t len;

		if (!netlink_has_listeners(uevent_sock, 1))
			continue;

		/* allocate message with the maximum possible size */
		len = strlen(action_string) + strlen(devpath) + 2;
		skb = alloc_skb(len + env->buflen, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (skb) {
			char *scratch;

			/* add header */
			scratch = skb_put(skb, len);
			sprintf(scratch, "%s@%s", action_string, devpath);

			/* copy keys to our continuous event payload buffer */
			for (i = 0; i < env->envp_idx; i++) {
				len = strlen(env->envp[i]) + 1;
				scratch = skb_put(skb, len);
				strcpy(scratch, env->envp[i]);
			}

			NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = 1;
			retval = netlink_broadcast_filtered(uevent_sock, skb,
							    0, 1, GFP_KERNEL,
							    kobj_bcast_filter,
							    kobj);
			/* ENOBUFS should be handled in userspace */
			if (retval == -ENOBUFS || retval == -ESRCH)
				retval = 0;
		} else
			retval = -ENOMEM;
	}
#endif
	mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);

#ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER
	/* call uevent_helper, usually only enabled during early boot */
	if (uevent_helper[0] && !kobj_usermode_filter(kobj)) {
		struct subprocess_info *info;

		retval = add_uevent_var(env, "HOME=/");
		if (retval)
			goto exit;
		retval = add_uevent_var(env,
					"PATH=/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin");
		if (retval)
			goto exit;
		retval = init_uevent_argv(env, subsystem);
		if (retval)
			goto exit;

		retval = -ENOMEM;
		info = call_usermodehelper_setup(env->argv[0], env->argv,
						 env->envp, GFP_KERNEL,
						 NULL, cleanup_uevent_env, env);
		if (info) {
			retval = call_usermodehelper_exec(info, UMH_NO_WAIT);
			env = NULL;	/* freed by cleanup_uevent_env */
		}
	}
#endif

exit:
	kfree(devpath);
	kfree(env);
	return retval;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_uevent_env);

/**
 * kobject_uevent - notify userspace by sending an uevent
 *
 * @kobj: struct kobject that the action is happening to
 * @action: action that is happening
 *
 * Returns 0 if kobject_uevent() is completed with success or the
 * corresponding error when it fails.
 */
int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action)
{
	return kobject_uevent_env(kobj, action, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_uevent);

/**
 * add_uevent_var - add key value string to the environment buffer
 * @env: environment buffer structure
 * @format: printf format for the key=value pair
 *
 * Returns 0 if environment variable was added successfully or -ENOMEM
 * if no space was available.
 */
int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...)
{
	va_list args;
	int len;

	if (env->envp_idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(env->envp)) {
		WARN(1, KERN_ERR "add_uevent_var: too many keys\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	va_start(args, format);
	len = vsnprintf(&env->buf[env->buflen],
			sizeof(env->buf) - env->buflen,
			format, args);
	va_end(args);

	if (len >= (sizeof(env->buf) - env->buflen)) {
		WARN(1, KERN_ERR "add_uevent_var: buffer size too small\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	env->envp[env->envp_idx++] = &env->buf[env->buflen];
	env->buflen += len + 1;
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_uevent_var);

#if defined(CONFIG_NET)
static int uevent_net_init(struct net *net)
{
	struct uevent_sock *ue_sk;
	struct netlink_kernel_cfg cfg = {
		.groups	= 1,
		.flags	= NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV,
	};

	ue_sk = kzalloc(sizeof(*ue_sk), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!ue_sk)
		return -ENOMEM;

	ue_sk->sk = netlink_kernel_create(net, NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT, &cfg);
	if (!ue_sk->sk) {
		printk(KERN_ERR
		       "kobject_uevent: unable to create netlink socket!\n");
		kfree(ue_sk);
		return -ENODEV;
	}
	mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
	list_add_tail(&ue_sk->list, &uevent_sock_list);
	mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
	return 0;
}

static void uevent_net_exit(struct net *net)
{
	struct uevent_sock *ue_sk;

	mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
	list_for_each_entry(ue_sk, &uevent_sock_list, list) {
		if (sock_net(ue_sk->sk) == net)
			goto found;
	}
	mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
	return;

found:
	list_del(&ue_sk->list);
	mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);

	netlink_kernel_release(ue_sk->sk);
	kfree(ue_sk);
}

static struct pernet_operations uevent_net_ops = {
	.init	= uevent_net_init,
	.exit	= uevent_net_exit,
};

static int __init kobject_uevent_init(void)
{
	return register_pernet_subsys(&uevent_net_ops);
}


postcore_initcall(kobject_uevent_init);
#endif