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/*
 * kernel/power/suspend.c - Suspend to RAM and standby functionality.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2003 Patrick Mochel
 * Copyright (c) 2003 Open Source Development Lab
 * Copyright (c) 2009 Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>, Novell Inc.
 *
 * This file is released under the GPLv2.
 */

#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpuidle.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <trace/events/power.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>

#include "power.h"

const char * const pm_labels[] = {
	[PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE] = "freeze",
	[PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY] = "standby",
	[PM_SUSPEND_MEM] = "mem",
};
const char *pm_states[PM_SUSPEND_MAX];
static const char * const mem_sleep_labels[] = {
	[PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE] = "s2idle",
	[PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY] = "shallow",
	[PM_SUSPEND_MEM] = "deep",
};
const char *mem_sleep_states[PM_SUSPEND_MAX];

suspend_state_t mem_sleep_current = PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE;
static suspend_state_t mem_sleep_default = PM_SUSPEND_MEM;

unsigned int pm_suspend_global_flags;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_suspend_global_flags);

static const struct platform_suspend_ops *suspend_ops;
static const struct platform_freeze_ops *freeze_ops;
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(suspend_freeze_wait_head);

enum freeze_state __read_mostly suspend_freeze_state;
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(suspend_freeze_lock);

void freeze_set_ops(const struct platform_freeze_ops *ops)
{
	lock_system_sleep();
	freeze_ops = ops;
	unlock_system_sleep();
}

static void freeze_begin(void)
{
	suspend_freeze_state = FREEZE_STATE_NONE;
}

static void freeze_enter(void)
{
	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("machine_suspend"), PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE, true);

	spin_lock_irq(&suspend_freeze_lock);
	if (pm_wakeup_pending())
		goto out;

	suspend_freeze_state = FREEZE_STATE_ENTER;
	spin_unlock_irq(&suspend_freeze_lock);

	get_online_cpus();
	cpuidle_resume();

	/* Push all the CPUs into the idle loop. */
	wake_up_all_idle_cpus();
	/* Make the current CPU wait so it can enter the idle loop too. */
	wait_event(suspend_freeze_wait_head,
		   suspend_freeze_state == FREEZE_STATE_WAKE);

	cpuidle_pause();
	put_online_cpus();

	spin_lock_irq(&suspend_freeze_lock);

 out:
	suspend_freeze_state = FREEZE_STATE_NONE;
	spin_unlock_irq(&suspend_freeze_lock);

	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("machine_suspend"), PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE, false);
}

static void s2idle_loop(void)
{
	pr_debug("PM: suspend-to-idle\n");

	do {
		freeze_enter();

		if (freeze_ops && freeze_ops->wake)
			freeze_ops->wake();

		dpm_resume_noirq(PMSG_RESUME);
		if (freeze_ops && freeze_ops->sync)
			freeze_ops->sync();

		if (pm_wakeup_pending())
			break;

		pm_wakeup_clear(false);
	} while (!dpm_suspend_noirq(PMSG_SUSPEND));

	pr_debug("PM: resume from suspend-to-idle\n");
}

void freeze_wake(void)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&suspend_freeze_lock, flags);
	if (suspend_freeze_state > FREEZE_STATE_NONE) {
		suspend_freeze_state = FREEZE_STATE_WAKE;
		wake_up(&suspend_freeze_wait_head);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&suspend_freeze_lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(freeze_wake);

static bool valid_state(suspend_state_t state)
{
	/*
	 * PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY and PM_SUSPEND_MEM states need low level
	 * support and need to be valid to the low level
	 * implementation, no valid callback implies that none are valid.
	 */
	return suspend_ops && suspend_ops->valid && suspend_ops->valid(state);
}

void __init pm_states_init(void)
{
	/* "mem" and "freeze" are always present in /sys/power/state. */
	pm_states[PM_SUSPEND_MEM] = pm_labels[PM_SUSPEND_MEM];
	pm_states[PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE] = pm_labels[PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE];
	/*
	 * Suspend-to-idle should be supported even without any suspend_ops,
	 * initialize mem_sleep_states[] accordingly here.
	 */
	mem_sleep_states[PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE] = mem_sleep_labels[PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE];
}

static int __init mem_sleep_default_setup(char *str)
{
	suspend_state_t state;

	for (state = PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE; state <= PM_SUSPEND_MEM; state++)
		if (mem_sleep_labels[state] &&
		    !strcmp(str, mem_sleep_labels[state])) {
			mem_sleep_default = state;
			break;
		}

	return 1;
}
__setup("mem_sleep_default=", mem_sleep_default_setup);

/**
 * suspend_set_ops - Set the global suspend method table.
 * @ops: Suspend operations to use.
 */
void suspend_set_ops(const struct platform_suspend_ops *ops)
{
	lock_system_sleep();

	suspend_ops = ops;

	if (valid_state(PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY)) {
		mem_sleep_states[PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY] = mem_sleep_labels[PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY];
		pm_states[PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY] = pm_labels[PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY];
		if (mem_sleep_default == PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY)
			mem_sleep_current = PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY;
	}
	if (valid_state(PM_SUSPEND_MEM)) {
		mem_sleep_states[PM_SUSPEND_MEM] = mem_sleep_labels[PM_SUSPEND_MEM];
		if (mem_sleep_default == PM_SUSPEND_MEM)
			mem_sleep_current = PM_SUSPEND_MEM;
	}

	unlock_system_sleep();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(suspend_set_ops);

/**
 * suspend_valid_only_mem - Generic memory-only valid callback.
 *
 * Platform drivers that implement mem suspend only and only need to check for
 * that in their .valid() callback can use this instead of rolling their own
 * .valid() callback.
 */
int suspend_valid_only_mem(suspend_state_t state)
{
	return state == PM_SUSPEND_MEM;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(suspend_valid_only_mem);

static bool sleep_state_supported(suspend_state_t state)
{
	return state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE || (suspend_ops && suspend_ops->enter);
}

static int platform_suspend_prepare(suspend_state_t state)
{
	return state != PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && suspend_ops->prepare ?
		suspend_ops->prepare() : 0;
}

static int platform_suspend_prepare_late(suspend_state_t state)
{
	return state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && freeze_ops && freeze_ops->prepare ?
		freeze_ops->prepare() : 0;
}

static int platform_suspend_prepare_noirq(suspend_state_t state)
{
	return state != PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && suspend_ops->prepare_late ?
		suspend_ops->prepare_late() : 0;
}

static void platform_resume_noirq(suspend_state_t state)
{
	if (state != PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && suspend_ops->wake)
		suspend_ops->wake();
}

static void platform_resume_early(suspend_state_t state)
{
	if (state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && freeze_ops && freeze_ops->restore)
		freeze_ops->restore();
}

static void platform_resume_finish(suspend_state_t state)
{
	if (state != PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && suspend_ops->finish)
		suspend_ops->finish();
}

static int platform_suspend_begin(suspend_state_t state)
{
	if (state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && freeze_ops && freeze_ops->begin)
		return freeze_ops->begin();
	else if (suspend_ops && suspend_ops->begin)
		return suspend_ops->begin(state);
	else
		return 0;
}

static void platform_resume_end(suspend_state_t state)
{
	if (state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && freeze_ops && freeze_ops->end)
		freeze_ops->end();
	else if (suspend_ops && suspend_ops->end)
		suspend_ops->end();
}

static void platform_recover(suspend_state_t state)
{
	if (state != PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && suspend_ops->recover)
		suspend_ops->recover();
}

static bool platform_suspend_again(suspend_state_t state)
{
	return state != PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE && suspend_ops->suspend_again ?
		suspend_ops->suspend_again() : false;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PM_DEBUG
static unsigned int pm_test_delay = 5;
module_param(pm_test_delay, uint, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(pm_test_delay,
		 "Number of seconds to wait before resuming from suspend test");
#endif

static int suspend_test(int level)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_DEBUG
	if (pm_test_level == level) {
		pr_info("suspend debug: Waiting for %d second(s).\n",
				pm_test_delay);
		mdelay(pm_test_delay * 1000);
		return 1;
	}
#endif /* !CONFIG_PM_DEBUG */
	return 0;
}

/**
 * suspend_prepare - Prepare for entering system sleep state.
 *
 * Common code run for every system sleep state that can be entered (except for
 * hibernation).  Run suspend notifiers, allocate the "suspend" console and
 * freeze processes.
 */
static int suspend_prepare(suspend_state_t state)
{
	int error, nr_calls = 0;

	if (!sleep_state_supported(state))
		return -EPERM;

	pm_prepare_console();

	error = __pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE, -1, &nr_calls);
	if (error) {
		nr_calls--;
		goto Finish;
	}

	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("freeze_processes"), 0, true);
	error = suspend_freeze_processes();
	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("freeze_processes"), 0, false);
	if (!error)
		return 0;

	suspend_stats.failed_freeze++;
	dpm_save_failed_step(SUSPEND_FREEZE);
 Finish:
	__pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_SUSPEND, nr_calls, NULL);
	pm_restore_console();
	return error;
}

/* default implementation */
void __weak arch_suspend_disable_irqs(void)
{
	local_irq_disable();
}

/* default implementation */
void __weak arch_suspend_enable_irqs(void)
{
	local_irq_enable();
}

/**
 * suspend_enter - Make the system enter the given sleep state.
 * @state: System sleep state to enter.
 * @wakeup: Returns information that the sleep state should not be re-entered.
 *
 * This function should be called after devices have been suspended.
 */
static int suspend_enter(suspend_state_t state, bool *wakeup)
{
	int error;

	error = platform_suspend_prepare(state);
	if (error)
		goto Platform_finish;

	error = dpm_suspend_late(PMSG_SUSPEND);
	if (error) {
		pr_err("PM: late suspend of devices failed\n");
		goto Platform_finish;
	}
	error = platform_suspend_prepare_late(state);
	if (error)
		goto Devices_early_resume;

	error = dpm_suspend_noirq(PMSG_SUSPEND);
	if (error) {
		pr_err("PM: noirq suspend of devices failed\n");
		goto Platform_early_resume;
	}
	error = platform_suspend_prepare_noirq(state);
	if (error)
		goto Platform_wake;

	if (suspend_test(TEST_PLATFORM))
		goto Platform_wake;

	/*
	 * PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE equals
	 * frozen processes + suspended devices + idle processors.
	 * Thus we should invoke freeze_enter() soon after
	 * all the devices are suspended.
	 */
	if (state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE) {
		s2idle_loop();
		goto Platform_early_resume;
	}

	error = disable_nonboot_cpus();
	if (error || suspend_test(TEST_CPUS))
		goto Enable_cpus;

	arch_suspend_disable_irqs();
	BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());

	error = syscore_suspend();
	if (!error) {
		*wakeup = pm_wakeup_pending();
		if (!(suspend_test(TEST_CORE) || *wakeup)) {
			trace_suspend_resume(TPS("machine_suspend"),
				state, true);
			error = suspend_ops->enter(state);
			trace_suspend_resume(TPS("machine_suspend"),
				state, false);
			events_check_enabled = false;
		} else if (*wakeup) {
			error = -EBUSY;
		}
		syscore_resume();
	}

	arch_suspend_enable_irqs();
	BUG_ON(irqs_disabled());

 Enable_cpus:
	enable_nonboot_cpus();

 Platform_wake:
	platform_resume_noirq(state);
	dpm_resume_noirq(PMSG_RESUME);

 Platform_early_resume:
	platform_resume_early(state);

 Devices_early_resume:
	dpm_resume_early(PMSG_RESUME);

 Platform_finish:
	platform_resume_finish(state);
	return error;
}

/**
 * suspend_devices_and_enter - Suspend devices and enter system sleep state.
 * @state: System sleep state to enter.
 */
int suspend_devices_and_enter(suspend_state_t state)
{
	int error;
	bool wakeup = false;

	if (!sleep_state_supported(state))
		return -ENOSYS;

	error = platform_suspend_begin(state);
	if (error)
		goto Close;

	suspend_console();
	suspend_test_start();
	error = dpm_suspend_start(PMSG_SUSPEND);
	if (error) {
		pr_err("PM: Some devices failed to suspend, or early wake event detected\n");
		goto Recover_platform;
	}
	suspend_test_finish("suspend devices");
	if (suspend_test(TEST_DEVICES))
		goto Recover_platform;

	do {
		error = suspend_enter(state, &wakeup);
	} while (!error && !wakeup && platform_suspend_again(state));

 Resume_devices:
	suspend_test_start();
	dpm_resume_end(PMSG_RESUME);
	suspend_test_finish("resume devices");
	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("resume_console"), state, true);
	resume_console();
	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("resume_console"), state, false);

 Close:
	platform_resume_end(state);
	return error;

 Recover_platform:
	platform_recover(state);
	goto Resume_devices;
}

/**
 * suspend_finish - Clean up before finishing the suspend sequence.
 *
 * Call platform code to clean up, restart processes, and free the console that
 * we've allocated. This routine is not called for hibernation.
 */
static void suspend_finish(void)
{
	suspend_thaw_processes();
	pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_SUSPEND);
	pm_restore_console();
}

/**
 * enter_state - Do common work needed to enter system sleep state.
 * @state: System sleep state to enter.
 *
 * Make sure that no one else is trying to put the system into a sleep state.
 * Fail if that's not the case.  Otherwise, prepare for system suspend, make the
 * system enter the given sleep state and clean up after wakeup.
 */
static int enter_state(suspend_state_t state)
{
	int error;

	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("suspend_enter"), state, true);
	if (state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE) {
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_DEBUG
		if (pm_test_level != TEST_NONE && pm_test_level <= TEST_CPUS) {
			pr_warn("PM: Unsupported test mode for suspend to idle, please choose none/freezer/devices/platform.\n");
			return -EAGAIN;
		}
#endif
	} else if (!valid_state(state)) {
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (!mutex_trylock(&pm_mutex))
		return -EBUSY;

	if (state == PM_SUSPEND_FREEZE)
		freeze_begin();

#ifndef CONFIG_SUSPEND_SKIP_SYNC
	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("sync_filesystems"), 0, true);
	pr_info("PM: Syncing filesystems ... ");
	sys_sync();
	pr_cont("done.\n");
	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("sync_filesystems"), 0, false);
#endif

	pr_debug("PM: Preparing system for sleep (%s)\n", pm_states[state]);
	pm_suspend_clear_flags();
	error = suspend_prepare(state);
	if (error)
		goto Unlock;

	if (suspend_test(TEST_FREEZER))
		goto Finish;

	trace_suspend_resume(TPS("suspend_enter"), state, false);
	pr_debug("PM: Suspending system (%s)\n", pm_states[state]);
	pm_restrict_gfp_mask();
	error = suspend_devices_and_enter(state);
	pm_restore_gfp_mask();

 Finish:
	pr_debug("PM: Finishing wakeup.\n");
	suspend_finish();
 Unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&pm_mutex);
	return error;
}

/**
 * pm_suspend - Externally visible function for suspending the system.
 * @state: System sleep state to enter.
 *
 * Check if the value of @state represents one of the supported states,
 * execute enter_state() and update system suspend statistics.
 */
int pm_suspend(suspend_state_t state)
{
	int error;

	if (state <= PM_SUSPEND_ON || state >= PM_SUSPEND_MAX)
		return -EINVAL;

	error = enter_state(state);
	if (error) {
		suspend_stats.fail++;
		dpm_save_failed_errno(error);
	} else {
		suspend_stats.success++;
	}
	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pm_suspend);