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 * linux/ipc/util.h
 * Copyright (C) 1999 Christoph Rohland
 * ipc helper functions (c) 1999 Manfred Spraul <>
 * namespaces support.      2006 OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc.
 *                               Pavel Emelianov <>

#ifndef _IPC_UTIL_H
#define _IPC_UTIL_H

#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/err.h>


void sem_init(void);
void msg_init(void);
void shm_init(void);

struct ipc_namespace;

extern void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
extern void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
static inline void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }

void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);

void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
static inline void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
static inline void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
static inline void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }

static inline void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
static inline void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
static inline void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }

struct ipc_rcu {
	struct rcu_head rcu;
	atomic_t refcount;
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;

#define ipc_rcu_to_struct(p)  ((void *)(p+1))

 * Structure that holds the parameters needed by the ipc operations
 * (see after)
struct ipc_params {
	key_t key;
	int flg;
	union {
		size_t size;	/* for shared memories */
		int nsems;	/* for semaphores */
	} u;			/* holds the getnew() specific param */

 * Structure that holds some ipc operations. This structure is used to unify
 * the calls to sys_msgget(), sys_semget(), sys_shmget()
 *      . routine to call to create a new ipc object. Can be one of newque,
 *        newary, newseg
 *      . routine to call to check permissions for a new ipc object.
 *        Can be one of security_msg_associate, security_sem_associate,
 *        security_shm_associate
 *      . routine to call for an extra check if needed
struct ipc_ops {
	int (*getnew)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct ipc_params *);
	int (*associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, int);
	int (*more_checks)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, struct ipc_params *);

struct seq_file;
struct ipc_ids;

void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *);
void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header,
		int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *));
#define ipc_init_proc_interface(path, header, ids, show) do {} while (0)

#define IPC_SEM_IDS	0
#define IPC_MSG_IDS	1
#define IPC_SHM_IDS	2

#define ipcid_to_idx(id) ((id) % SEQ_MULTIPLIER)
#define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) / SEQ_MULTIPLIER)

/* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for writing */
int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *, int);

/* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for reading */
int ipc_get_maxid(struct ipc_ids *);

/* must be called with both locks acquired. */
void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *);

/* must be called with ipcp locked */
int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flg);

/* for rare, potentially huge allocations.
 * both function can sleep
void *ipc_alloc(int size);
void ipc_free(void *ptr);

 * For allocation that need to be freed by RCU.
 * Objects are reference counted, they start with reference count 1.
 * getref increases the refcount, the putref call that reduces the recount
 * to 0 schedules the rcu destruction. Caller must guarantee locking.
void *ipc_rcu_alloc(int size);
int ipc_rcu_getref(void *ptr);
void ipc_rcu_putref(void *ptr, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head));
void ipc_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head);

struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_lock(struct ipc_ids *, int);
struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id);

void kernel_to_ipc64_perm(struct kern_ipc_perm *in, struct ipc64_perm *out);
void ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct ipc_perm *out);
int ipc_update_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct kern_ipc_perm *out);
struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcctl_pre_down_nolock(struct ipc_namespace *ns,
					     struct ipc_ids *ids, int id, int cmd,
					     struct ipc64_perm *perm, int extra_perm);

/* On IA-64, we always use the "64-bit version" of the IPC structures.  */
# define ipc_parse_version(cmd)	IPC_64
int ipc_parse_version(int *cmd);

extern void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg);
extern struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, size_t len);
extern struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst);
extern int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, size_t len);

static inline int ipc_buildid(int id, int seq)
	return SEQ_MULTIPLIER * seq + id;

static inline int ipc_checkid(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, int uid)
	return uid / SEQ_MULTIPLIER != ipcp->seq;

static inline void ipc_lock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm)

static inline void ipc_unlock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm)

static inline void ipc_assert_locked_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm)

static inline void ipc_unlock(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm)

 * ipc_valid_object() - helper to sort out IPC_RMID races for codepaths
 * where the respective ipc_ids.rwsem is not being held down.
 * Checks whether the ipc object is still around or if it's gone already, as
 * ipc_rmid() may have already freed the ID while the ipc lock was spinning.
 * Needs to be called with kern_ipc_perm.lock held -- exception made for one
 * checkpoint case at sys_semtimedop() as noted in code commentary.
static inline bool ipc_valid_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm)
	return !perm->deleted;

struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id);
int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids,
			const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params);
void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids,
		void (*free)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *));