Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
 * Written by Mark Hemment, 1996 (markhe@nextd.demon.co.uk).
 *
 * (C) SGI 2006, Christoph Lameter
 * 	Cleaned up and restructured to ease the addition of alternative
 * 	implementations of SLAB allocators.
 * (C) Linux Foundation 2008-2013
 *      Unified interface for all slab allocators
 */

#ifndef _LINUX_SLAB_H
#define	_LINUX_SLAB_H

#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>


/*
 * Flags to pass to kmem_cache_create().
 * The ones marked DEBUG are only valid if CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB is set.
 */
#define SLAB_CONSISTENCY_CHECKS	0x00000100UL	/* DEBUG: Perform (expensive) checks on alloc/free */
#define SLAB_RED_ZONE		0x00000400UL	/* DEBUG: Red zone objs in a cache */
#define SLAB_POISON		0x00000800UL	/* DEBUG: Poison objects */
#define SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN	0x00002000UL	/* Align objs on cache lines */
#define SLAB_CACHE_DMA		0x00004000UL	/* Use GFP_DMA memory */
#define SLAB_STORE_USER		0x00010000UL	/* DEBUG: Store the last owner for bug hunting */
#define SLAB_PANIC		0x00040000UL	/* Panic if kmem_cache_create() fails */
/*
 * SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU - **WARNING** READ THIS!
 *
 * This delays freeing the SLAB page by a grace period, it does _NOT_
 * delay object freeing. This means that if you do kmem_cache_free()
 * that memory location is free to be reused at any time. Thus it may
 * be possible to see another object there in the same RCU grace period.
 *
 * This feature only ensures the memory location backing the object
 * stays valid, the trick to using this is relying on an independent
 * object validation pass. Something like:
 *
 *  rcu_read_lock()
 * again:
 *  obj = lockless_lookup(key);
 *  if (obj) {
 *    if (!try_get_ref(obj)) // might fail for free objects
 *      goto again;
 *
 *    if (obj->key != key) { // not the object we expected
 *      put_ref(obj);
 *      goto again;
 *    }
 *  }
 *  rcu_read_unlock();
 *
 * This is useful if we need to approach a kernel structure obliquely,
 * from its address obtained without the usual locking. We can lock
 * the structure to stabilize it and check it's still at the given address,
 * only if we can be sure that the memory has not been meanwhile reused
 * for some other kind of object (which our subsystem's lock might corrupt).
 *
 * rcu_read_lock before reading the address, then rcu_read_unlock after
 * taking the spinlock within the structure expected at that address.
 *
 * Note that SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU was originally named SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU.
 */
#define SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU	0x00080000UL	/* Defer freeing slabs to RCU */
#define SLAB_MEM_SPREAD		0x00100000UL	/* Spread some memory over cpuset */
#define SLAB_TRACE		0x00200000UL	/* Trace allocations and frees */

/* Flag to prevent checks on free */
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS
# define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS	0x00400000UL
#else
# define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS	0x00000000UL
#endif

#define SLAB_NOLEAKTRACE	0x00800000UL	/* Avoid kmemleak tracing */

/* Don't track use of uninitialized memory */
#ifdef CONFIG_KMEMCHECK
# define SLAB_NOTRACK		0x01000000UL
#else
# define SLAB_NOTRACK		0x00000000UL
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAILSLAB
# define SLAB_FAILSLAB		0x02000000UL	/* Fault injection mark */
#else
# define SLAB_FAILSLAB		0x00000000UL
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && !defined(CONFIG_SLOB)
# define SLAB_ACCOUNT		0x04000000UL	/* Account to memcg */
#else
# define SLAB_ACCOUNT		0x00000000UL
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
#define SLAB_KASAN		0x08000000UL
#else
#define SLAB_KASAN		0x00000000UL
#endif

/* The following flags affect the page allocator grouping pages by mobility */
#define SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT	0x00020000UL		/* Objects are reclaimable */
#define SLAB_TEMPORARY		SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT	/* Objects are short-lived */
/*
 * ZERO_SIZE_PTR will be returned for zero sized kmalloc requests.
 *
 * Dereferencing ZERO_SIZE_PTR will lead to a distinct access fault.
 *
 * ZERO_SIZE_PTR can be passed to kfree though in the same way that NULL can.
 * Both make kfree a no-op.
 */
#define ZERO_SIZE_PTR ((void *)16)

#define ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) <= \
				(unsigned long)ZERO_SIZE_PTR)

#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
#include <linux/kasan.h>

struct mem_cgroup;
/*
 * struct kmem_cache related prototypes
 */
void __init kmem_cache_init(void);
bool slab_is_available(void);

struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create(const char *, size_t, size_t,
			unsigned long,
			void (*)(void *));
void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *);
int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *);

void memcg_create_kmem_cache(struct mem_cgroup *, struct kmem_cache *);
void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *);
void memcg_destroy_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *);

/*
 * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the
 * name of the structure and maybe some flags that are listed above.
 *
 * The alignment of the struct determines object alignment. If you
 * f.e. add ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp to the struct declaration
 * then the objects will be properly aligned in SMP configurations.
 */
#define KMEM_CACHE(__struct, __flags) kmem_cache_create(#__struct,\
		sizeof(struct __struct), __alignof__(struct __struct),\
		(__flags), NULL)

/*
 * Common kmalloc functions provided by all allocators
 */
void * __must_check __krealloc(const void *, size_t, gfp_t);
void * __must_check krealloc(const void *, size_t, gfp_t);
void kfree(const void *);
void kzfree(const void *);
size_t ksize(const void *);

#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HARDENED_USERCOPY_ALLOCATOR
const char *__check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n,
				struct page *page);
#else
static inline const char *__check_heap_object(const void *ptr,
					      unsigned long n,
					      struct page *page)
{
	return NULL;
}
#endif

/*
 * Some archs want to perform DMA into kmalloc caches and need a guaranteed
 * alignment larger than the alignment of a 64-bit integer.
 * Setting ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN in arch headers allows that.
 */
#if defined(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) && ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN > 8
#define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN
#define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW ilog2(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN)
#else
#define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long)
#endif

/*
 * Setting ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN in arch headers allows a different alignment.
 * Intended for arches that get misalignment faults even for 64 bit integer
 * aligned buffers.
 */
#ifndef ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN
#define ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long)
#endif

/*
 * kmalloc and friends return ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN aligned
 * pointers. kmem_cache_alloc and friends return ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN
 * aligned pointers.
 */
#define __assume_kmalloc_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN)
#define __assume_slab_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN)
#define __assume_page_alignment __assume_aligned(PAGE_SIZE)

/*
 * Kmalloc array related definitions
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_SLAB
/*
 * The largest kmalloc size supported by the SLAB allocators is
 * 32 megabyte (2^25) or the maximum allocatable page order if that is
 * less than 32 MB.
 *
 * WARNING: Its not easy to increase this value since the allocators have
 * to do various tricks to work around compiler limitations in order to
 * ensure proper constant folding.
 */
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH	((MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) <= 25 ? \
				(MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) : 25)
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX	KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH
#ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW	5
#endif
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB
/*
 * SLUB directly allocates requests fitting in to an order-1 page
 * (PAGE_SIZE*2).  Larger requests are passed to the page allocator.
 */
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH	(PAGE_SHIFT + 1)
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX	(MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1)
#ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW	3
#endif
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SLOB
/*
 * SLOB passes all requests larger than one page to the page allocator.
 * No kmalloc array is necessary since objects of different sizes can
 * be allocated from the same page.
 */
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH	PAGE_SHIFT
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX	(MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1)
#ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW
#define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW	3
#endif
#endif

/* Maximum allocatable size */
#define KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE	(1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX)
/* Maximum size for which we actually use a slab cache */
#define KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE	(1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH)
/* Maximum order allocatable via the slab allocagtor */
#define KMALLOC_MAX_ORDER	(KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX - PAGE_SHIFT)

/*
 * Kmalloc subsystem.
 */
#ifndef KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE
#define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE (1 << KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW)
#endif

/*
 * This restriction comes from byte sized index implementation.
 * Page size is normally 2^12 bytes and, in this case, if we want to use
 * byte sized index which can represent 2^8 entries, the size of the object
 * should be equal or greater to 2^12 / 2^8 = 2^4 = 16.
 * If minimum size of kmalloc is less than 16, we use it as minimum object
 * size and give up to use byte sized index.
 */
#define SLAB_OBJ_MIN_SIZE      (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE < 16 ? \
                               (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) : 16)

#ifndef CONFIG_SLOB
extern struct kmem_cache *kmalloc_caches[KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH + 1];
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
extern struct kmem_cache *kmalloc_dma_caches[KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH + 1];
#endif

/*
 * Figure out which kmalloc slab an allocation of a certain size
 * belongs to.
 * 0 = zero alloc
 * 1 =  65 .. 96 bytes
 * 2 = 129 .. 192 bytes
 * n = 2^(n-1)+1 .. 2^n
 */
static __always_inline int kmalloc_index(size_t size)
{
	if (!size)
		return 0;

	if (size <= KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE)
		return KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW;

	if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 32 && size > 64 && size <= 96)
		return 1;
	if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64 && size > 128 && size <= 192)
		return 2;
	if (size <=          8) return 3;
	if (size <=         16) return 4;
	if (size <=         32) return 5;
	if (size <=         64) return 6;
	if (size <=        128) return 7;
	if (size <=        256) return 8;
	if (size <=        512) return 9;
	if (size <=       1024) return 10;
	if (size <=   2 * 1024) return 11;
	if (size <=   4 * 1024) return 12;
	if (size <=   8 * 1024) return 13;
	if (size <=  16 * 1024) return 14;
	if (size <=  32 * 1024) return 15;
	if (size <=  64 * 1024) return 16;
	if (size <= 128 * 1024) return 17;
	if (size <= 256 * 1024) return 18;
	if (size <= 512 * 1024) return 19;
	if (size <= 1024 * 1024) return 20;
	if (size <=  2 * 1024 * 1024) return 21;
	if (size <=  4 * 1024 * 1024) return 22;
	if (size <=  8 * 1024 * 1024) return 23;
	if (size <=  16 * 1024 * 1024) return 24;
	if (size <=  32 * 1024 * 1024) return 25;
	if (size <=  64 * 1024 * 1024) return 26;
	BUG();

	/* Will never be reached. Needed because the compiler may complain */
	return -1;
}
#endif /* !CONFIG_SLOB */

void *__kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc;
void *kmem_cache_alloc(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc;
void kmem_cache_free(struct kmem_cache *, void *);

/*
 * Bulk allocation and freeing operations. These are accelerated in an
 * allocator specific way to avoid taking locks repeatedly or building
 * metadata structures unnecessarily.
 *
 * Note that interrupts must be enabled when calling these functions.
 */
void kmem_cache_free_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, size_t, void **);
int kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t, void **);

/*
 * Caller must not use kfree_bulk() on memory not originally allocated
 * by kmalloc(), because the SLOB allocator cannot handle this.
 */
static __always_inline void kfree_bulk(size_t size, void **p)
{
	kmem_cache_free_bulk(NULL, size, p);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc;
void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc;
#else
static __always_inline void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node)
{
	return __kmalloc(size, flags);
}

static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
{
	return kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags);
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc;

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
					   gfp_t gfpflags,
					   int node, size_t size) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc;
#else
static __always_inline void *
kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
			      gfp_t gfpflags,
			      int node, size_t size)
{
	return kmem_cache_alloc_trace(s, gfpflags, size);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */

#else /* CONFIG_TRACING */
static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
		gfp_t flags, size_t size)
{
	void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags);

	kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, flags);
	return ret;
}

static __always_inline void *
kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
			      gfp_t gfpflags,
			      int node, size_t size)
{
	void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node);

	kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, gfpflags);
	return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */

extern void *kmalloc_order(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc;

#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
extern void *kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc;
#else
static __always_inline void *
kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order)
{
	return kmalloc_order(size, flags, order);
}
#endif

static __always_inline void *kmalloc_large(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
	unsigned int order = get_order(size);
	return kmalloc_order_trace(size, flags, order);
}

/**
 * kmalloc - allocate memory
 * @size: how many bytes of memory are required.
 * @flags: the type of memory to allocate.
 *
 * kmalloc is the normal method of allocating memory
 * for objects smaller than page size in the kernel.
 *
 * The @flags argument may be one of:
 *
 * %GFP_USER - Allocate memory on behalf of user.  May sleep.
 *
 * %GFP_KERNEL - Allocate normal kernel ram.  May sleep.
 *
 * %GFP_ATOMIC - Allocation will not sleep.  May use emergency pools.
 *   For example, use this inside interrupt handlers.
 *
 * %GFP_HIGHUSER - Allocate pages from high memory.
 *
 * %GFP_NOIO - Do not do any I/O at all while trying to get memory.
 *
 * %GFP_NOFS - Do not make any fs calls while trying to get memory.
 *
 * %GFP_NOWAIT - Allocation will not sleep.
 *
 * %__GFP_THISNODE - Allocate node-local memory only.
 *
 * %GFP_DMA - Allocation suitable for DMA.
 *   Should only be used for kmalloc() caches. Otherwise, use a
 *   slab created with SLAB_DMA.
 *
 * Also it is possible to set different flags by OR'ing
 * in one or more of the following additional @flags:
 *
 * %__GFP_COLD - Request cache-cold pages instead of
 *   trying to return cache-warm pages.
 *
 * %__GFP_HIGH - This allocation has high priority and may use emergency pools.
 *
 * %__GFP_NOFAIL - Indicate that this allocation is in no way allowed to fail
 *   (think twice before using).
 *
 * %__GFP_NORETRY - If memory is not immediately available,
 *   then give up at once.
 *
 * %__GFP_NOWARN - If allocation fails, don't issue any warnings.
 *
 * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL - Try really hard to succeed the allocation but fail
 *   eventually.
 *
 * There are other flags available as well, but these are not intended
 * for general use, and so are not documented here. For a full list of
 * potential flags, always refer to linux/gfp.h.
 */
static __always_inline void *kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
	if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) {
		if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE)
			return kmalloc_large(size, flags);
#ifndef CONFIG_SLOB
		if (!(flags & GFP_DMA)) {
			int index = kmalloc_index(size);

			if (!index)
				return ZERO_SIZE_PTR;

			return kmem_cache_alloc_trace(kmalloc_caches[index],
					flags, size);
		}
#endif
	}
	return __kmalloc(size, flags);
}

/*
 * Determine size used for the nth kmalloc cache.
 * return size or 0 if a kmalloc cache for that
 * size does not exist
 */
static __always_inline int kmalloc_size(int n)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_SLOB
	if (n > 2)
		return 1 << n;

	if (n == 1 && KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 32)
		return 96;

	if (n == 2 && KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64)
		return 192;
#endif
	return 0;
}

static __always_inline void *kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_SLOB
	if (__builtin_constant_p(size) &&
		size <= KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE && !(flags & GFP_DMA)) {
		int i = kmalloc_index(size);

		if (!i)
			return ZERO_SIZE_PTR;

		return kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(kmalloc_caches[i],
						flags, node, size);
	}
#endif
	return __kmalloc_node(size, flags, node);
}

struct memcg_cache_array {
	struct rcu_head rcu;
	struct kmem_cache *entries[0];
};

/*
 * This is the main placeholder for memcg-related information in kmem caches.
 * Both the root cache and the child caches will have it. For the root cache,
 * this will hold a dynamically allocated array large enough to hold
 * information about the currently limited memcgs in the system. To allow the
 * array to be accessed without taking any locks, on relocation we free the old
 * version only after a grace period.
 *
 * Root and child caches hold different metadata.
 *
 * @root_cache:	Common to root and child caches.  NULL for root, pointer to
 *		the root cache for children.
 *
 * The following fields are specific to root caches.
 *
 * @memcg_caches: kmemcg ID indexed table of child caches.  This table is
 *		used to index child cachces during allocation and cleared
 *		early during shutdown.
 *
 * @root_caches_node: List node for slab_root_caches list.
 *
 * @children:	List of all child caches.  While the child caches are also
 *		reachable through @memcg_caches, a child cache remains on
 *		this list until it is actually destroyed.
 *
 * The following fields are specific to child caches.
 *
 * @memcg:	Pointer to the memcg this cache belongs to.
 *
 * @children_node: List node for @root_cache->children list.
 *
 * @kmem_caches_node: List node for @memcg->kmem_caches list.
 */
struct memcg_cache_params {
	struct kmem_cache *root_cache;
	union {
		struct {
			struct memcg_cache_array __rcu *memcg_caches;
			struct list_head __root_caches_node;
			struct list_head children;
		};
		struct {
			struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
			struct list_head children_node;
			struct list_head kmem_caches_node;

			void (*deact_fn)(struct kmem_cache *);
			union {
				struct rcu_head deact_rcu_head;
				struct work_struct deact_work;
			};
		};
	};
};

int memcg_update_all_caches(int num_memcgs);

/**
 * kmalloc_array - allocate memory for an array.
 * @n: number of elements.
 * @size: element size.
 * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc).
 */
static inline void *kmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
	if (size != 0 && n > SIZE_MAX / size)
		return NULL;
	if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size))
		return kmalloc(n * size, flags);
	return __kmalloc(n * size, flags);
}

/**
 * kcalloc - allocate memory for an array. The memory is set to zero.
 * @n: number of elements.
 * @size: element size.
 * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc).
 */
static inline void *kcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
	return kmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO);
}

/*
 * kmalloc_track_caller is a special version of kmalloc that records the
 * calling function of the routine calling it for slab leak tracking instead
 * of just the calling function (confusing, eh?).
 * It's useful when the call to kmalloc comes from a widely-used standard
 * allocator where we care about the real place the memory allocation
 * request comes from.
 */
extern void *__kmalloc_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, unsigned long);
#define kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags) \
	__kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags, _RET_IP_)

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
extern void *__kmalloc_node_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, int, unsigned long);
#define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \
	__kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node, \
			_RET_IP_)

#else /* CONFIG_NUMA */

#define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \
	kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags)

#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */

/*
 * Shortcuts
 */
static inline void *kmem_cache_zalloc(struct kmem_cache *k, gfp_t flags)
{
	return kmem_cache_alloc(k, flags | __GFP_ZERO);
}

/**
 * kzalloc - allocate memory. The memory is set to zero.
 * @size: how many bytes of memory are required.
 * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc).
 */
static inline void *kzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
	return kmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO);
}

/**
 * kzalloc_node - allocate zeroed memory from a particular memory node.
 * @size: how many bytes of memory are required.
 * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc).
 * @node: memory node from which to allocate
 */
static inline void *kzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node)
{
	return kmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node);
}

unsigned int kmem_cache_size(struct kmem_cache *s);
void __init kmem_cache_init_late(void);

#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_SLAB)
int slab_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu);
int slab_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu);
#else
#define slab_prepare_cpu	NULL
#define slab_dead_cpu		NULL
#endif

#endif	/* _LINUX_SLAB_H */