free electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
#ifndef __LINUX_DCACHE_H
#define __LINUX_DCACHE_H

#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/rculist_bl.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/lockref.h>
#include <linux/stringhash.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>

struct path;
struct vfsmount;

/*
 * linux/include/linux/dcache.h
 *
 * Dirent cache data structures
 *
 * (C) Copyright 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer,
 * with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds
 */

#define IS_ROOT(x) ((x) == (x)->d_parent)

/* The hash is always the low bits of hash_len */
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
 #define HASH_LEN_DECLARE u32 hash; u32 len
 #define bytemask_from_count(cnt)	(~(~0ul << (cnt)*8))
#else
 #define HASH_LEN_DECLARE u32 len; u32 hash
 #define bytemask_from_count(cnt)	(~(~0ul >> (cnt)*8))
#endif

/*
 * "quick string" -- eases parameter passing, but more importantly
 * saves "metadata" about the string (ie length and the hash).
 *
 * hash comes first so it snuggles against d_parent in the
 * dentry.
 */
struct qstr {
	union {
		struct {
			HASH_LEN_DECLARE;
		};
		u64 hash_len;
	};
	const unsigned char *name;
};

#define QSTR_INIT(n,l) { { { .len = l } }, .name = n }

struct dentry_stat_t {
	long nr_dentry;
	long nr_unused;
	long age_limit;          /* age in seconds */
	long want_pages;         /* pages requested by system */
	long dummy[2];
};
extern struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat;

/*
 * Try to keep struct dentry aligned on 64 byte cachelines (this will
 * give reasonable cacheline footprint with larger lines without the
 * large memory footprint increase).
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
# define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 32 /* 192 bytes */
#else
# ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#  define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 36 /* 128 bytes */
# else
#  define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 40 /* 128 bytes */
# endif
#endif

#define d_lock	d_lockref.lock

struct dentry {
	/* RCU lookup touched fields */
	unsigned int d_flags;		/* protected by d_lock */
	seqcount_t d_seq;		/* per dentry seqlock */
	struct hlist_bl_node d_hash;	/* lookup hash list */
	struct dentry *d_parent;	/* parent directory */
	struct qstr d_name;
	struct inode *d_inode;		/* Where the name belongs to - NULL is
					 * negative */
	unsigned char d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN];	/* small names */

	/* Ref lookup also touches following */
	struct lockref d_lockref;	/* per-dentry lock and refcount */
	const struct dentry_operations *d_op;
	struct super_block *d_sb;	/* The root of the dentry tree */
	unsigned long d_time;		/* used by d_revalidate */
	void *d_fsdata;			/* fs-specific data */

	union {
		struct list_head d_lru;		/* LRU list */
		wait_queue_head_t *d_wait;	/* in-lookup ones only */
	};
	struct list_head d_child;	/* child of parent list */
	struct list_head d_subdirs;	/* our children */
	/*
	 * d_alias and d_rcu can share memory
	 */
	union {
		struct hlist_node d_alias;	/* inode alias list */
		struct hlist_bl_node d_in_lookup_hash;	/* only for in-lookup ones */
	 	struct rcu_head d_rcu;
	} d_u;
};

/*
 * dentry->d_lock spinlock nesting subclasses:
 *
 * 0: normal
 * 1: nested
 */
enum dentry_d_lock_class
{
	DENTRY_D_LOCK_NORMAL, /* implicitly used by plain spin_lock() APIs. */
	DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED
};

struct dentry_operations {
	int (*d_revalidate)(struct dentry *, unsigned int);
	int (*d_weak_revalidate)(struct dentry *, unsigned int);
	int (*d_hash)(const struct dentry *, struct qstr *);
	int (*d_compare)(const struct dentry *,
			unsigned int, const char *, const struct qstr *);
	int (*d_delete)(const struct dentry *);
	int (*d_init)(struct dentry *);
	void (*d_release)(struct dentry *);
	void (*d_prune)(struct dentry *);
	void (*d_iput)(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
	char *(*d_dname)(struct dentry *, char *, int);
	struct vfsmount *(*d_automount)(struct path *);
	int (*d_manage)(const struct path *, bool);
	struct dentry *(*d_real)(struct dentry *, const struct inode *,
				 unsigned int);
} ____cacheline_aligned;

/*
 * Locking rules for dentry_operations callbacks are to be found in
 * Documentation/filesystems/Locking. Keep it updated!
 *
 * FUrther descriptions are found in Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt.
 * Keep it updated too!
 */

/* d_flags entries */
#define DCACHE_OP_HASH			0x00000001
#define DCACHE_OP_COMPARE		0x00000002
#define DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE		0x00000004
#define DCACHE_OP_DELETE		0x00000008
#define DCACHE_OP_PRUNE			0x00000010

#define	DCACHE_DISCONNECTED		0x00000020
     /* This dentry is possibly not currently connected to the dcache tree, in
      * which case its parent will either be itself, or will have this flag as
      * well.  nfsd will not use a dentry with this bit set, but will first
      * endeavour to clear the bit either by discovering that it is connected,
      * or by performing lookup operations.   Any filesystem which supports
      * nfsd_operations MUST have a lookup function which, if it finds a
      * directory inode with a DCACHE_DISCONNECTED dentry, will d_move that
      * dentry into place and return that dentry rather than the passed one,
      * typically using d_splice_alias. */

#define DCACHE_REFERENCED		0x00000040 /* Recently used, don't discard. */
#define DCACHE_RCUACCESS		0x00000080 /* Entry has ever been RCU-visible */

#define DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT		0x00000100
#define DCACHE_GENOCIDE			0x00000200
#define DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST		0x00000400

#define DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE	0x00000800

#define DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED		0x00001000
     /* this dentry has been "silly renamed" and has to be deleted on the last
      * dput() */
#define DCACHE_COOKIE			0x00002000 /* For use by dcookie subsystem */
#define DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED	0x00004000
     /* Parent inode is watched by some fsnotify listener */

#define DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED		0x00008000

#define DCACHE_MOUNTED			0x00010000 /* is a mountpoint */
#define DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT		0x00020000 /* handle automount on this dir */
#define DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT		0x00040000 /* manage transit from this dirent */
#define DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY \
	(DCACHE_MOUNTED|DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT|DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT)

#define DCACHE_LRU_LIST			0x00080000

#define DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE		0x00700000
#define DCACHE_MISS_TYPE		0x00000000 /* Negative dentry (maybe fallthru to nowhere) */
#define DCACHE_WHITEOUT_TYPE		0x00100000 /* Whiteout dentry (stop pathwalk) */
#define DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE		0x00200000 /* Normal directory */
#define DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE		0x00300000 /* Lookupless directory (presumed automount) */
#define DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE		0x00400000 /* Regular file type (or fallthru to such) */
#define DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE		0x00500000 /* Other file type (or fallthru to such) */
#define DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE		0x00600000 /* Symlink (or fallthru to such) */

#define DCACHE_MAY_FREE			0x00800000
#define DCACHE_FALLTHRU			0x01000000 /* Fall through to lower layer */
#define DCACHE_ENCRYPTED_WITH_KEY	0x02000000 /* dir is encrypted with a valid key */
#define DCACHE_OP_REAL			0x04000000

#define DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP		0x10000000 /* being looked up (with parent locked shared) */
#define DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR		0x20000000

extern seqlock_t rename_lock;

/*
 * These are the low-level FS interfaces to the dcache..
 */
extern void d_instantiate(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
extern struct dentry * d_instantiate_unique(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
extern int d_instantiate_no_diralias(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
extern void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry);
extern void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry);
extern void d_delete(struct dentry *);
extern void d_set_d_op(struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry_operations *op);

/* allocate/de-allocate */
extern struct dentry * d_alloc(struct dentry *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry * d_alloc_pseudo(struct super_block *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry * d_alloc_parallel(struct dentry *, const struct qstr *,
					wait_queue_head_t *);
extern struct dentry * d_splice_alias(struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern struct dentry * d_add_ci(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry * d_exact_alias(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
extern struct dentry *d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode);
extern struct dentry * d_obtain_alias(struct inode *);
extern struct dentry * d_obtain_root(struct inode *);
extern void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *);
extern void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *);
extern void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *);
extern void d_invalidate(struct dentry *);

/* only used at mount-time */
extern struct dentry * d_make_root(struct inode *);

/* <clickety>-<click> the ramfs-type tree */
extern void d_genocide(struct dentry *);

extern void d_tmpfile(struct dentry *, struct inode *);

extern struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *);
extern void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *);

/* test whether we have any submounts in a subdir tree */
extern int path_has_submounts(const struct path *);

/*
 * This adds the entry to the hash queues.
 */
extern void d_rehash(struct dentry *);
 
extern void d_add(struct dentry *, struct inode *);

extern void dentry_update_name_case(struct dentry *, const struct qstr *);

/* used for rename() and baskets */
extern void d_move(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
extern void d_exchange(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
extern struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);

/* appendix may either be NULL or be used for transname suffixes */
extern struct dentry *d_lookup(const struct dentry *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *, struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry *__d_lookup(const struct dentry *, const struct qstr *);
extern struct dentry *__d_lookup_rcu(const struct dentry *parent,
				const struct qstr *name, unsigned *seq);

static inline unsigned d_count(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_lockref.count;
}

/*
 * helper function for dentry_operations.d_dname() members
 */
extern __printf(4, 5)
char *dynamic_dname(struct dentry *, char *, int, const char *, ...);
extern char *simple_dname(struct dentry *, char *, int);

extern char *__d_path(const struct path *, const struct path *, char *, int);
extern char *d_absolute_path(const struct path *, char *, int);
extern char *d_path(const struct path *, char *, int);
extern char *dentry_path_raw(struct dentry *, char *, int);
extern char *dentry_path(struct dentry *, char *, int);

/* Allocation counts.. */

/**
 *	dget, dget_dlock -	get a reference to a dentry
 *	@dentry: dentry to get a reference to
 *
 *	Given a dentry or %NULL pointer increment the reference count
 *	if appropriate and return the dentry. A dentry will not be 
 *	destroyed when it has references.
 */
static inline struct dentry *dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	if (dentry)
		dentry->d_lockref.count++;
	return dentry;
}

static inline struct dentry *dget(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	if (dentry)
		lockref_get(&dentry->d_lockref);
	return dentry;
}

extern struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry);

/**
 *	d_unhashed -	is dentry hashed
 *	@dentry: entry to check
 *
 *	Returns true if the dentry passed is not currently hashed.
 */
 
static inline int d_unhashed(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return hlist_bl_unhashed(&dentry->d_hash);
}

static inline int d_unlinked(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return d_unhashed(dentry) && !IS_ROOT(dentry);
}

static inline int cant_mount(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT);
}

static inline void dont_mount(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
	dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT;
	spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
}

extern void __d_lookup_done(struct dentry *);

static inline int d_in_lookup(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP;
}

static inline void d_lookup_done(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(dentry))) {
		spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
		__d_lookup_done(dentry);
		spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
	}
}

extern void dput(struct dentry *);

static inline bool d_managed(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY;
}

static inline bool d_mountpoint(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED;
}

/*
 * Directory cache entry type accessor functions.
 */
static inline unsigned __d_entry_type(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_is_miss(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_MISS_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_is_whiteout(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_WHITEOUT_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_can_lookup(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_is_autodir(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_is_dir(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return d_can_lookup(dentry) || d_is_autodir(dentry);
}

static inline bool d_is_symlink(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_is_reg(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_is_special(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE;
}

static inline bool d_is_file(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return d_is_reg(dentry) || d_is_special(dentry);
}

static inline bool d_is_negative(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	// TODO: check d_is_whiteout(dentry) also.
	return d_is_miss(dentry);
}

static inline bool d_is_positive(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return !d_is_negative(dentry);
}

/**
 * d_really_is_negative - Determine if a dentry is really negative (ignoring fallthroughs)
 * @dentry: The dentry in question
 *
 * Returns true if the dentry represents either an absent name or a name that
 * doesn't map to an inode (ie. ->d_inode is NULL).  The dentry could represent
 * a true miss, a whiteout that isn't represented by a 0,0 chardev or a
 * fallthrough marker in an opaque directory.
 *
 * Note!  (1) This should be used *only* by a filesystem to examine its own
 * dentries.  It should not be used to look at some other filesystem's
 * dentries.  (2) It should also be used in combination with d_inode() to get
 * the inode.  (3) The dentry may have something attached to ->d_lower and the
 * type field of the flags may be set to something other than miss or whiteout.
 */
static inline bool d_really_is_negative(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_inode == NULL;
}

/**
 * d_really_is_positive - Determine if a dentry is really positive (ignoring fallthroughs)
 * @dentry: The dentry in question
 *
 * Returns true if the dentry represents a name that maps to an inode
 * (ie. ->d_inode is not NULL).  The dentry might still represent a whiteout if
 * that is represented on medium as a 0,0 chardev.
 *
 * Note!  (1) This should be used *only* by a filesystem to examine its own
 * dentries.  It should not be used to look at some other filesystem's
 * dentries.  (2) It should also be used in combination with d_inode() to get
 * the inode.
 */
static inline bool d_really_is_positive(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_inode != NULL;
}

static inline int simple_positive(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return d_really_is_positive(dentry) && !d_unhashed(dentry);
}

extern void d_set_fallthru(struct dentry *dentry);

static inline bool d_is_fallthru(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FALLTHRU;
}


extern int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure;

static inline unsigned long vfs_pressure_ratio(unsigned long val)
{
	return mult_frac(val, sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure, 100);
}

/**
 * d_inode - Get the actual inode of this dentry
 * @dentry: The dentry to query
 *
 * This is the helper normal filesystems should use to get at their own inodes
 * in their own dentries and ignore the layering superimposed upon them.
 */
static inline struct inode *d_inode(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_inode;
}

/**
 * d_inode_rcu - Get the actual inode of this dentry with ACCESS_ONCE()
 * @dentry: The dentry to query
 *
 * This is the helper normal filesystems should use to get at their own inodes
 * in their own dentries and ignore the layering superimposed upon them.
 */
static inline struct inode *d_inode_rcu(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return ACCESS_ONCE(dentry->d_inode);
}

/**
 * d_backing_inode - Get upper or lower inode we should be using
 * @upper: The upper layer
 *
 * This is the helper that should be used to get at the inode that will be used
 * if this dentry were to be opened as a file.  The inode may be on the upper
 * dentry or it may be on a lower dentry pinned by the upper.
 *
 * Normal filesystems should not use this to access their own inodes.
 */
static inline struct inode *d_backing_inode(const struct dentry *upper)
{
	struct inode *inode = upper->d_inode;

	return inode;
}

/**
 * d_backing_dentry - Get upper or lower dentry we should be using
 * @upper: The upper layer
 *
 * This is the helper that should be used to get the dentry of the inode that
 * will be used if this dentry were opened as a file.  It may be the upper
 * dentry or it may be a lower dentry pinned by the upper.
 *
 * Normal filesystems should not use this to access their own dentries.
 */
static inline struct dentry *d_backing_dentry(struct dentry *upper)
{
	return upper;
}

/**
 * d_real - Return the real dentry
 * @dentry: the dentry to query
 * @inode: inode to select the dentry from multiple layers (can be NULL)
 * @flags: open flags to control copy-up behavior
 *
 * If dentry is on a union/overlay, then return the underlying, real dentry.
 * Otherwise return the dentry itself.
 *
 * See also: Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
 */
static inline struct dentry *d_real(struct dentry *dentry,
				    const struct inode *inode,
				    unsigned int flags)
{
	if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_REAL))
		return dentry->d_op->d_real(dentry, inode, flags);
	else
		return dentry;
}

/**
 * d_real_inode - Return the real inode
 * @dentry: The dentry to query
 *
 * If dentry is on a union/overlay, then return the underlying, real inode.
 * Otherwise return d_inode().
 */
static inline struct inode *d_real_inode(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
	/* This usage of d_real() results in const dentry */
	return d_backing_inode(d_real((struct dentry *) dentry, NULL, 0));
}


#endif	/* __LINUX_DCACHE_H */