Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

/*
 * cpuidle.h - a generic framework for CPU idle power management
 *
 * (C) 2007 Venkatesh Pallipadi <venkatesh.pallipadi@intel.com>
 *          Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
 *          Adam Belay <abelay@novell.com>
 *
 * This code is licenced under the GPL.
 */

#ifndef _LINUX_CPUIDLE_H
#define _LINUX_CPUIDLE_H

#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>

#define CPUIDLE_STATE_MAX	10
#define CPUIDLE_NAME_LEN	16
#define CPUIDLE_DESC_LEN	32

struct module;

struct cpuidle_device;
struct cpuidle_driver;


/****************************
 * CPUIDLE DEVICE INTERFACE *
 ****************************/

struct cpuidle_state_usage {
	unsigned long long	disable;
	unsigned long long	usage;
	unsigned long long	time; /* in US */
};

struct cpuidle_state {
	char		name[CPUIDLE_NAME_LEN];
	char		desc[CPUIDLE_DESC_LEN];

	unsigned int	flags;
	unsigned int	exit_latency; /* in US */
	int		power_usage; /* in mW */
	unsigned int	target_residency; /* in US */
	bool		disabled; /* disabled on all CPUs */

	int (*enter)	(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
			struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
			int index);

	int (*enter_dead) (struct cpuidle_device *dev, int index);

	/*
	 * CPUs execute ->enter_freeze with the local tick or entire timekeeping
	 * suspended, so it must not re-enable interrupts at any point (even
	 * temporarily) or attempt to change states of clock event devices.
	 */
	void (*enter_freeze) (struct cpuidle_device *dev,
			      struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
			      int index);
};

/* Idle State Flags */
#define CPUIDLE_FLAG_NONE       (0x00)
#define CPUIDLE_FLAG_COUPLED	(0x02) /* state applies to multiple cpus */
#define CPUIDLE_FLAG_TIMER_STOP (0x04)  /* timer is stopped on this state */

#define CPUIDLE_DRIVER_FLAGS_MASK (0xFFFF0000)

struct cpuidle_device_kobj;
struct cpuidle_state_kobj;
struct cpuidle_driver_kobj;

struct cpuidle_device {
	unsigned int		registered:1;
	unsigned int		enabled:1;
	unsigned int		use_deepest_state:1;
	unsigned int		cpu;

	int			last_residency;
	struct cpuidle_state_usage	states_usage[CPUIDLE_STATE_MAX];
	struct cpuidle_state_kobj *kobjs[CPUIDLE_STATE_MAX];
	struct cpuidle_driver_kobj *kobj_driver;
	struct cpuidle_device_kobj *kobj_dev;
	struct list_head 	device_list;

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_NEEDS_CPU_IDLE_COUPLED
	cpumask_t		coupled_cpus;
	struct cpuidle_coupled	*coupled;
#endif
};

DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct cpuidle_device *, cpuidle_devices);
DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct cpuidle_device, cpuidle_dev);

/**
 * cpuidle_get_last_residency - retrieves the last state's residency time
 * @dev: the target CPU
 */
static inline int cpuidle_get_last_residency(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{
	return dev->last_residency;
}


/****************************
 * CPUIDLE DRIVER INTERFACE *
 ****************************/

struct cpuidle_driver {
	const char		*name;
	struct module 		*owner;
	int                     refcnt;

        /* used by the cpuidle framework to setup the broadcast timer */
	unsigned int            bctimer:1;
	/* states array must be ordered in decreasing power consumption */
	struct cpuidle_state	states[CPUIDLE_STATE_MAX];
	int			state_count;
	int			safe_state_index;

	/* the driver handles the cpus in cpumask */
	struct cpumask		*cpumask;
};

#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_IDLE
extern void disable_cpuidle(void);
extern bool cpuidle_not_available(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
				  struct cpuidle_device *dev);

extern int cpuidle_select(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
			  struct cpuidle_device *dev);
extern int cpuidle_enter(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
			 struct cpuidle_device *dev, int index);
extern void cpuidle_reflect(struct cpuidle_device *dev, int index);

extern int cpuidle_register_driver(struct cpuidle_driver *drv);
extern struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_get_driver(void);
extern struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_driver_ref(void);
extern void cpuidle_driver_unref(void);
extern void cpuidle_unregister_driver(struct cpuidle_driver *drv);
extern int cpuidle_register_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev);
extern void cpuidle_unregister_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev);
extern int cpuidle_register(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
			    const struct cpumask *const coupled_cpus);
extern void cpuidle_unregister(struct cpuidle_driver *drv);
extern void cpuidle_pause_and_lock(void);
extern void cpuidle_resume_and_unlock(void);
extern void cpuidle_pause(void);
extern void cpuidle_resume(void);
extern int cpuidle_enable_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev);
extern void cpuidle_disable_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev);
extern int cpuidle_play_dead(void);

extern struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_get_cpu_driver(struct cpuidle_device *dev);
static inline struct cpuidle_device *cpuidle_get_device(void)
{return __this_cpu_read(cpuidle_devices); }
#else
static inline void disable_cpuidle(void) { }
static inline bool cpuidle_not_available(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
					 struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{return true; }
static inline int cpuidle_select(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
				 struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline int cpuidle_enter(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
				struct cpuidle_device *dev, int index)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline void cpuidle_reflect(struct cpuidle_device *dev, int index) { }
static inline int cpuidle_register_driver(struct cpuidle_driver *drv)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_get_driver(void) {return NULL; }
static inline struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_driver_ref(void) {return NULL; }
static inline void cpuidle_driver_unref(void) {}
static inline void cpuidle_unregister_driver(struct cpuidle_driver *drv) { }
static inline int cpuidle_register_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline void cpuidle_unregister_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev) { }
static inline int cpuidle_register(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
				   const struct cpumask *const coupled_cpus)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline void cpuidle_unregister(struct cpuidle_driver *drv) { }
static inline void cpuidle_pause_and_lock(void) { }
static inline void cpuidle_resume_and_unlock(void) { }
static inline void cpuidle_pause(void) { }
static inline void cpuidle_resume(void) { }
static inline int cpuidle_enable_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline void cpuidle_disable_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev) { }
static inline int cpuidle_play_dead(void) {return -ENODEV; }
static inline struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_get_cpu_driver(
	struct cpuidle_device *dev) {return NULL; }
static inline struct cpuidle_device *cpuidle_get_device(void) {return NULL; }
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_IDLE
extern int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
				      struct cpuidle_device *dev);
extern int cpuidle_enter_freeze(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
				struct cpuidle_device *dev);
extern void cpuidle_use_deepest_state(bool enable);
#else
static inline int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
					     struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline int cpuidle_enter_freeze(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
				       struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline void cpuidle_use_deepest_state(bool enable)
{
}
#endif

/* kernel/sched/idle.c */
extern void sched_idle_set_state(struct cpuidle_state *idle_state);
extern void default_idle_call(void);

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_NEEDS_CPU_IDLE_COUPLED
void cpuidle_coupled_parallel_barrier(struct cpuidle_device *dev, atomic_t *a);
#else
static inline void cpuidle_coupled_parallel_barrier(struct cpuidle_device *dev, atomic_t *a)
{
}
#endif

/******************************
 * CPUIDLE GOVERNOR INTERFACE *
 ******************************/

struct cpuidle_governor {
	char			name[CPUIDLE_NAME_LEN];
	struct list_head 	governor_list;
	unsigned int		rating;

	int  (*enable)		(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
					struct cpuidle_device *dev);
	void (*disable)		(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
					struct cpuidle_device *dev);

	int  (*select)		(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
					struct cpuidle_device *dev);
	void (*reflect)		(struct cpuidle_device *dev, int index);
};

#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_IDLE
extern int cpuidle_register_governor(struct cpuidle_governor *gov);
#else
static inline int cpuidle_register_governor(struct cpuidle_governor *gov)
{return 0;}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_CPU_RELAX
#define CPUIDLE_DRIVER_STATE_START	1
#else
#define CPUIDLE_DRIVER_STATE_START	0
#endif

#define CPU_PM_CPU_IDLE_ENTER(low_level_idle_enter, idx)	\
({								\
	int __ret;						\
								\
	if (!idx) {						\
		cpu_do_idle();					\
		return idx;					\
	}							\
								\
	__ret = cpu_pm_enter();					\
	if (!__ret) {						\
		__ret = low_level_idle_enter(idx);		\
		cpu_pm_exit();					\
	}							\
								\
	__ret ? -1 : idx;					\
})

#endif /* _LINUX_CPUIDLE_H */