Free Electrons

Electrons Libres - Embedded Linux Experts

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#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>

#define SIMPLE_IO_TIMEOUT	10000	/* in milliseconds */

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static int override_alt = -1;
module_param_named(alt, override_alt, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(alt, ">= 0 to override altsetting selection");
static void complicated_callback(struct urb *urb);

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* FIXME make these public somewhere; usbdevfs.h? */

/* Parameter for usbtest driver. */
struct usbtest_param_32 {
	/* inputs */
	__u32		test_num;	/* 0..(TEST_CASES-1) */
	__u32		iterations;
	__u32		length;
	__u32		vary;
	__u32		sglen;

	/* outputs */
	__s32		duration_sec;
	__s32		duration_usec;
};

/*
 * Compat parameter to the usbtest driver.
 * This supports older user space binaries compiled with 64 bit compiler.
 */
struct usbtest_param_64 {
	/* inputs */
	__u32		test_num;	/* 0..(TEST_CASES-1) */
	__u32		iterations;
	__u32		length;
	__u32		vary;
	__u32		sglen;

	/* outputs */
	__s64		duration_sec;
	__s64		duration_usec;
};

/* IOCTL interface to the driver. */
#define USBTEST_REQUEST_32    _IOWR('U', 100, struct usbtest_param_32)
/* COMPAT IOCTL interface to the driver. */
#define USBTEST_REQUEST_64    _IOWR('U', 100, struct usbtest_param_64)

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#define	GENERIC		/* let probe() bind using module params */

/* Some devices that can be used for testing will have "real" drivers.
 * Entries for those need to be enabled here by hand, after disabling
 * that "real" driver.
 */
//#define	IBOT2		/* grab iBOT2 webcams */
//#define	KEYSPAN_19Qi	/* grab un-renumerated serial adapter */

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

struct usbtest_info {
	const char		*name;
	u8			ep_in;		/* bulk/intr source */
	u8			ep_out;		/* bulk/intr sink */
	unsigned		autoconf:1;
	unsigned		ctrl_out:1;
	unsigned		iso:1;		/* try iso in/out */
	unsigned		intr:1;		/* try interrupt in/out */
	int			alt;
};

/* this is accessed only through usbfs ioctl calls.
 * one ioctl to issue a test ... one lock per device.
 * tests create other threads if they need them.
 * urbs and buffers are allocated dynamically,
 * and data generated deterministically.
 */
struct usbtest_dev {
	struct usb_interface	*intf;
	struct usbtest_info	*info;
	int			in_pipe;
	int			out_pipe;
	int			in_iso_pipe;
	int			out_iso_pipe;
	int			in_int_pipe;
	int			out_int_pipe;
	struct usb_endpoint_descriptor	*iso_in, *iso_out;
	struct usb_endpoint_descriptor	*int_in, *int_out;
	struct mutex		lock;

#define TBUF_SIZE	256
	u8			*buf;
};

static struct usb_device *testdev_to_usbdev(struct usbtest_dev *test)
{
	return interface_to_usbdev(test->intf);
}

/* set up all urbs so they can be used with either bulk or interrupt */
#define	INTERRUPT_RATE		1	/* msec/transfer */

#define ERROR(tdev, fmt, args...) \
	dev_err(&(tdev)->intf->dev , fmt , ## args)
#define WARNING(tdev, fmt, args...) \
	dev_warn(&(tdev)->intf->dev , fmt , ## args)

#define GUARD_BYTE	0xA5
#define MAX_SGLEN	128

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static inline void endpoint_update(int edi,
				   struct usb_host_endpoint **in,
				   struct usb_host_endpoint **out,
				   struct usb_host_endpoint *e)
{
	if (edi) {
		if (!*in)
			*in = e;
	} else {
		if (!*out)
			*out = e;
	}
}

static int
get_endpoints(struct usbtest_dev *dev, struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	int				tmp;
	struct usb_host_interface	*alt;
	struct usb_host_endpoint	*in, *out;
	struct usb_host_endpoint	*iso_in, *iso_out;
	struct usb_host_endpoint	*int_in, *int_out;
	struct usb_device		*udev;

	for (tmp = 0; tmp < intf->num_altsetting; tmp++) {
		unsigned	ep;

		in = out = NULL;
		iso_in = iso_out = NULL;
		int_in = int_out = NULL;
		alt = intf->altsetting + tmp;

		if (override_alt >= 0 &&
				override_alt != alt->desc.bAlternateSetting)
			continue;

		/* take the first altsetting with in-bulk + out-bulk;
		 * ignore other endpoints and altsettings.
		 */
		for (ep = 0; ep < alt->desc.bNumEndpoints; ep++) {
			struct usb_host_endpoint	*e;
			int edi;

			e = alt->endpoint + ep;
			edi = usb_endpoint_dir_in(&e->desc);

			switch (usb_endpoint_type(&e->desc)) {
			case USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK:
				endpoint_update(edi, &in, &out, e);
				continue;
			case USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT:
				if (dev->info->intr)
					endpoint_update(edi, &int_in, &int_out, e);
				continue;
			case USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC:
				if (dev->info->iso)
					endpoint_update(edi, &iso_in, &iso_out, e);
				/* FALLTHROUGH */
			default:
				continue;
			}
		}
		if ((in && out)  ||  iso_in || iso_out || int_in || int_out)
			goto found;
	}
	return -EINVAL;

found:
	udev = testdev_to_usbdev(dev);
	dev->info->alt = alt->desc.bAlternateSetting;
	if (alt->desc.bAlternateSetting != 0) {
		tmp = usb_set_interface(udev,
				alt->desc.bInterfaceNumber,
				alt->desc.bAlternateSetting);
		if (tmp < 0)
			return tmp;
	}

	if (in) {
		dev->in_pipe = usb_rcvbulkpipe(udev,
			in->desc.bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK);
		dev->out_pipe = usb_sndbulkpipe(udev,
			out->desc.bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK);
	}
	if (iso_in) {
		dev->iso_in = &iso_in->desc;
		dev->in_iso_pipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(udev,
				iso_in->desc.bEndpointAddress
					& USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK);
	}

	if (iso_out) {
		dev->iso_out = &iso_out->desc;
		dev->out_iso_pipe = usb_sndisocpipe(udev,
				iso_out->desc.bEndpointAddress
					& USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK);
	}

	if (int_in) {
		dev->int_in = &int_in->desc;
		dev->in_int_pipe = usb_rcvintpipe(udev,
				int_in->desc.bEndpointAddress
					& USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK);
	}

	if (int_out) {
		dev->int_out = &int_out->desc;
		dev->out_int_pipe = usb_sndintpipe(udev,
				int_out->desc.bEndpointAddress
					& USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK);
	}
	return 0;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Support for testing basic non-queued I/O streams.
 *
 * These just package urbs as requests that can be easily canceled.
 * Each urb's data buffer is dynamically allocated; callers can fill
 * them with non-zero test data (or test for it) when appropriate.
 */

static void simple_callback(struct urb *urb)
{
	complete(urb->context);
}

static struct urb *usbtest_alloc_urb(
	struct usb_device	*udev,
	int			pipe,
	unsigned long		bytes,
	unsigned		transfer_flags,
	unsigned		offset,
	u8			bInterval,
	usb_complete_t		complete_fn)
{
	struct urb		*urb;

	urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!urb)
		return urb;

	if (bInterval)
		usb_fill_int_urb(urb, udev, pipe, NULL, bytes, complete_fn,
				NULL, bInterval);
	else
		usb_fill_bulk_urb(urb, udev, pipe, NULL, bytes, complete_fn,
				NULL);

	urb->interval = (udev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
			? (INTERRUPT_RATE << 3)
			: INTERRUPT_RATE;
	urb->transfer_flags = transfer_flags;
	if (usb_pipein(pipe))
		urb->transfer_flags |= URB_SHORT_NOT_OK;

	if ((bytes + offset) == 0)
		return urb;

	if (urb->transfer_flags & URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP)
		urb->transfer_buffer = usb_alloc_coherent(udev, bytes + offset,
			GFP_KERNEL, &urb->transfer_dma);
	else
		urb->transfer_buffer = kmalloc(bytes + offset, GFP_KERNEL);

	if (!urb->transfer_buffer) {
		usb_free_urb(urb);
		return NULL;
	}

	/* To test unaligned transfers add an offset and fill the
		unused memory with a guard value */
	if (offset) {
		memset(urb->transfer_buffer, GUARD_BYTE, offset);
		urb->transfer_buffer += offset;
		if (urb->transfer_flags & URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP)
			urb->transfer_dma += offset;
	}

	/* For inbound transfers use guard byte so that test fails if
		data not correctly copied */
	memset(urb->transfer_buffer,
			usb_pipein(urb->pipe) ? GUARD_BYTE : 0,
			bytes);
	return urb;
}

static struct urb *simple_alloc_urb(
	struct usb_device	*udev,
	int			pipe,
	unsigned long		bytes,
	u8			bInterval)
{
	return usbtest_alloc_urb(udev, pipe, bytes, URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP, 0,
			bInterval, simple_callback);
}

static struct urb *complicated_alloc_urb(
	struct usb_device	*udev,
	int			pipe,
	unsigned long		bytes,
	u8			bInterval)
{
	return usbtest_alloc_urb(udev, pipe, bytes, URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP, 0,
			bInterval, complicated_callback);
}

static unsigned pattern;
static unsigned mod_pattern;
module_param_named(pattern, mod_pattern, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(mod_pattern, "i/o pattern (0 == zeroes)");

static unsigned get_maxpacket(struct usb_device *udev, int pipe)
{
	struct usb_host_endpoint	*ep;

	ep = usb_pipe_endpoint(udev, pipe);
	return le16_to_cpup(&ep->desc.wMaxPacketSize);
}

static void simple_fill_buf(struct urb *urb)
{
	unsigned	i;
	u8		*buf = urb->transfer_buffer;
	unsigned	len = urb->transfer_buffer_length;
	unsigned	maxpacket;

	switch (pattern) {
	default:
		/* FALLTHROUGH */
	case 0:
		memset(buf, 0, len);
		break;
	case 1:			/* mod63 */
		maxpacket = get_maxpacket(urb->dev, urb->pipe);
		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
			*buf++ = (u8) ((i % maxpacket) % 63);
		break;
	}
}

static inline unsigned long buffer_offset(void *buf)
{
	return (unsigned long)buf & (ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN - 1);
}

static int check_guard_bytes(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, struct urb *urb)
{
	u8 *buf = urb->transfer_buffer;
	u8 *guard = buf - buffer_offset(buf);
	unsigned i;

	for (i = 0; guard < buf; i++, guard++) {
		if (*guard != GUARD_BYTE) {
			ERROR(tdev, "guard byte[%d] %d (not %d)\n",
				i, *guard, GUARD_BYTE);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int simple_check_buf(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, struct urb *urb)
{
	unsigned	i;
	u8		expected;
	u8		*buf = urb->transfer_buffer;
	unsigned	len = urb->actual_length;
	unsigned	maxpacket = get_maxpacket(urb->dev, urb->pipe);

	int ret = check_guard_bytes(tdev, urb);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	for (i = 0; i < len; i++, buf++) {
		switch (pattern) {
		/* all-zeroes has no synchronization issues */
		case 0:
			expected = 0;
			break;
		/* mod63 stays in sync with short-terminated transfers,
		 * or otherwise when host and gadget agree on how large
		 * each usb transfer request should be.  resync is done
		 * with set_interface or set_config.
		 */
		case 1:			/* mod63 */
			expected = (i % maxpacket) % 63;
			break;
		/* always fail unsupported patterns */
		default:
			expected = !*buf;
			break;
		}
		if (*buf == expected)
			continue;
		ERROR(tdev, "buf[%d] = %d (not %d)\n", i, *buf, expected);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	return 0;
}

static void simple_free_urb(struct urb *urb)
{
	unsigned long offset = buffer_offset(urb->transfer_buffer);

	if (urb->transfer_flags & URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP)
		usb_free_coherent(
			urb->dev,
			urb->transfer_buffer_length + offset,
			urb->transfer_buffer - offset,
			urb->transfer_dma - offset);
	else
		kfree(urb->transfer_buffer - offset);
	usb_free_urb(urb);
}

static int simple_io(
	struct usbtest_dev	*tdev,
	struct urb		*urb,
	int			iterations,
	int			vary,
	int			expected,
	const char		*label
)
{
	struct usb_device	*udev = urb->dev;
	int			max = urb->transfer_buffer_length;
	struct completion	completion;
	int			retval = 0;
	unsigned long		expire;

	urb->context = &completion;
	while (retval == 0 && iterations-- > 0) {
		init_completion(&completion);
		if (usb_pipeout(urb->pipe)) {
			simple_fill_buf(urb);
			urb->transfer_flags |= URB_ZERO_PACKET;
		}
		retval = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (retval != 0)
			break;

		expire = msecs_to_jiffies(SIMPLE_IO_TIMEOUT);
		if (!wait_for_completion_timeout(&completion, expire)) {
			usb_kill_urb(urb);
			retval = (urb->status == -ENOENT ?
				  -ETIMEDOUT : urb->status);
		} else {
			retval = urb->status;
		}

		urb->dev = udev;
		if (retval == 0 && usb_pipein(urb->pipe))
			retval = simple_check_buf(tdev, urb);

		if (vary) {
			int	len = urb->transfer_buffer_length;

			len += vary;
			len %= max;
			if (len == 0)
				len = (vary < max) ? vary : max;
			urb->transfer_buffer_length = len;
		}

		/* FIXME if endpoint halted, clear halt (and log) */
	}
	urb->transfer_buffer_length = max;

	if (expected != retval)
		dev_err(&udev->dev,
			"%s failed, iterations left %d, status %d (not %d)\n",
				label, iterations, retval, expected);
	return retval;
}


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* We use scatterlist primitives to test queued I/O.
 * Yes, this also tests the scatterlist primitives.
 */

static void free_sglist(struct scatterlist *sg, int nents)
{
	unsigned		i;

	if (!sg)
		return;
	for (i = 0; i < nents; i++) {
		if (!sg_page(&sg[i]))
			continue;
		kfree(sg_virt(&sg[i]));
	}
	kfree(sg);
}

static struct scatterlist *
alloc_sglist(int nents, int max, int vary, struct usbtest_dev *dev, int pipe)
{
	struct scatterlist	*sg;
	unsigned int		n_size = 0;
	unsigned		i;
	unsigned		size = max;
	unsigned		maxpacket =
		get_maxpacket(interface_to_usbdev(dev->intf), pipe);

	if (max == 0)
		return NULL;

	sg = kmalloc_array(nents, sizeof(*sg), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!sg)
		return NULL;
	sg_init_table(sg, nents);

	for (i = 0; i < nents; i++) {
		char		*buf;
		unsigned	j;

		buf = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!buf) {
			free_sglist(sg, i);
			return NULL;
		}

		/* kmalloc pages are always physically contiguous! */
		sg_set_buf(&sg[i], buf, size);

		switch (pattern) {
		case 0:
			/* already zeroed */
			break;
		case 1:
			for (j = 0; j < size; j++)
				*buf++ = (u8) (((j + n_size) % maxpacket) % 63);
			n_size += size;
			break;
		}

		if (vary) {
			size += vary;
			size %= max;
			if (size == 0)
				size = (vary < max) ? vary : max;
		}
	}

	return sg;
}

static void sg_timeout(unsigned long _req)
{
	struct usb_sg_request	*req = (struct usb_sg_request *) _req;

	usb_sg_cancel(req);
}

static int perform_sglist(
	struct usbtest_dev	*tdev,
	unsigned		iterations,
	int			pipe,
	struct usb_sg_request	*req,
	struct scatterlist	*sg,
	int			nents
)
{
	struct usb_device	*udev = testdev_to_usbdev(tdev);
	int			retval = 0;
	struct timer_list	sg_timer;

	setup_timer_on_stack(&sg_timer, sg_timeout, (unsigned long) req);

	while (retval == 0 && iterations-- > 0) {
		retval = usb_sg_init(req, udev, pipe,
				(udev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
					? (INTERRUPT_RATE << 3)
					: INTERRUPT_RATE,
				sg, nents, 0, GFP_KERNEL);

		if (retval)
			break;
		mod_timer(&sg_timer, jiffies +
				msecs_to_jiffies(SIMPLE_IO_TIMEOUT));
		usb_sg_wait(req);
		if (!del_timer_sync(&sg_timer))
			retval = -ETIMEDOUT;
		else
			retval = req->status;

		/* FIXME check resulting data pattern */

		/* FIXME if endpoint halted, clear halt (and log) */
	}

	/* FIXME for unlink or fault handling tests, don't report
	 * failure if retval is as we expected ...
	 */
	if (retval)
		ERROR(tdev, "perform_sglist failed, "
				"iterations left %d, status %d\n",
				iterations, retval);
	return retval;
}


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* unqueued control message testing
 *
 * there's a nice set of device functional requirements in chapter 9 of the
 * usb 2.0 spec, which we can apply to ANY device, even ones that don't use
 * special test firmware.
 *
 * we know the device is configured (or suspended) by the time it's visible
 * through usbfs.  we can't change that, so we won't test enumeration (which
 * worked 'well enough' to get here, this time), power management (ditto),
 * or remote wakeup (which needs human interaction).
 */

static unsigned realworld = 1;
module_param(realworld, uint, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(realworld, "clear to demand stricter spec compliance");

static int get_altsetting(struct usbtest_dev *dev)
{
	struct usb_interface	*iface = dev->intf;
	struct usb_device	*udev = interface_to_usbdev(iface);
	int			retval;

	retval = usb_control_msg(udev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(udev, 0),
			USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE, USB_DIR_IN|USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
			0, iface->altsetting[0].desc.bInterfaceNumber,
			dev->buf, 1, USB_CTRL_GET_TIMEOUT);
	switch (retval) {
	case 1:
		return dev->buf[0];
	case 0:
		retval = -ERANGE;
		/* FALLTHROUGH */
	default:
		return retval;
	}
}

static int set_altsetting(struct usbtest_dev *dev, int alternate)
{
	struct usb_interface		*iface = dev->intf;
	struct usb_device		*udev;

	if (alternate < 0 || alternate >= 256)
		return -EINVAL;

	udev = interface_to_usbdev(iface);
	return usb_set_interface(udev,
			iface->altsetting[0].desc.bInterfaceNumber,
			alternate);
}

static int is_good_config(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, int len)
{
	struct usb_config_descriptor	*config;

	if (len < sizeof(*config))
		return 0;
	config = (struct usb_config_descriptor *) tdev->buf;

	switch (config->bDescriptorType) {
	case USB_DT_CONFIG:
	case USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG:
		if (config->bLength != 9) {
			ERROR(tdev, "bogus config descriptor length\n");
			return 0;
		}
		/* this bit 'must be 1' but often isn't */
		if (!realworld && !(config->bmAttributes & 0x80)) {
			ERROR(tdev, "high bit of config attributes not set\n");
			return 0;
		}
		if (config->bmAttributes & 0x1f) {	/* reserved == 0 */
			ERROR(tdev, "reserved config bits set\n");
			return 0;
		}
		break;
	default:
		return 0;
	}

	if (le16_to_cpu(config->wTotalLength) == len)	/* read it all */
		return 1;
	if (le16_to_cpu(config->wTotalLength) >= TBUF_SIZE)	/* max partial read */
		return 1;
	ERROR(tdev, "bogus config descriptor read size\n");
	return 0;
}

static int is_good_ext(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, u8 *buf)
{
	struct usb_ext_cap_descriptor *ext;
	u32 attr;

	ext = (struct usb_ext_cap_descriptor *) buf;

	if (ext->bLength != USB_DT_USB_EXT_CAP_SIZE) {
		ERROR(tdev, "bogus usb 2.0 extension descriptor length\n");
		return 0;
	}

	attr = le32_to_cpu(ext->bmAttributes);
	/* bits[1:15] is used and others are reserved */
	if (attr & ~0xfffe) {	/* reserved == 0 */
		ERROR(tdev, "reserved bits set\n");
		return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

static int is_good_ss_cap(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, u8 *buf)
{
	struct usb_ss_cap_descriptor *ss;

	ss = (struct usb_ss_cap_descriptor *) buf;

	if (ss->bLength != USB_DT_USB_SS_CAP_SIZE) {
		ERROR(tdev, "bogus superspeed device capability descriptor length\n");
		return 0;
	}

	/*
	 * only bit[1] of bmAttributes is used for LTM and others are
	 * reserved
	 */
	if (ss->bmAttributes & ~0x02) {	/* reserved == 0 */
		ERROR(tdev, "reserved bits set in bmAttributes\n");
		return 0;
	}

	/* bits[0:3] of wSpeedSupported is used and others are reserved */
	if (le16_to_cpu(ss->wSpeedSupported) & ~0x0f) {	/* reserved == 0 */
		ERROR(tdev, "reserved bits set in wSpeedSupported\n");
		return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

static int is_good_con_id(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, u8 *buf)
{
	struct usb_ss_container_id_descriptor *con_id;

	con_id = (struct usb_ss_container_id_descriptor *) buf;

	if (con_id->bLength != USB_DT_USB_SS_CONTN_ID_SIZE) {
		ERROR(tdev, "bogus container id descriptor length\n");
		return 0;
	}

	if (con_id->bReserved) {	/* reserved == 0 */
		ERROR(tdev, "reserved bits set\n");
		return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

/* sanity test for standard requests working with usb_control_mesg() and some
 * of the utility functions which use it.
 *
 * this doesn't test how endpoint halts behave or data toggles get set, since
 * we won't do I/O to bulk/interrupt endpoints here (which is how to change
 * halt or toggle).  toggle testing is impractical without support from hcds.
 *
 * this avoids failing devices linux would normally work with, by not testing
 * config/altsetting operations for devices that only support their defaults.
 * such devices rarely support those needless operations.
 *
 * NOTE that since this is a sanity test, it's not examining boundary cases
 * to see if usbcore, hcd, and device all behave right.  such testing would
 * involve varied read sizes and other operation sequences.
 */
static int ch9_postconfig(struct usbtest_dev *dev)
{
	struct usb_interface	*iface = dev->intf;
	struct usb_device	*udev = interface_to_usbdev(iface);
	int			i, alt, retval;

	/* [9.2.3] if there's more than one altsetting, we need to be able to
	 * set and get each one.  mostly trusts the descriptors from usbcore.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < iface->num_altsetting; i++) {

		/* 9.2.3 constrains the range here */
		alt = iface->altsetting[i].desc.bAlternateSetting;
		if (alt < 0 || alt >= iface->num_altsetting) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev,
					"invalid alt [%d].bAltSetting = %d\n",
					i, alt);
		}

		/* [real world] get/set unimplemented if there's only one */
		if (realworld && iface->num_altsetting == 1)
			continue;

		/* [9.4.10] set_interface */
		retval = set_altsetting(dev, alt);
		if (retval) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev, "can't set_interface = %d, %d\n",
					alt, retval);
			return retval;
		}

		/* [9.4.4] get_interface always works */
		retval = get_altsetting(dev);
		if (retval != alt) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev, "get alt should be %d, was %d\n",
					alt, retval);
			return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
		}

	}

	/* [real world] get_config unimplemented if there's only one */
	if (!realworld || udev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations != 1) {
		int	expected = udev->actconfig->desc.bConfigurationValue;

		/* [9.4.2] get_configuration always works
		 * ... although some cheap devices (like one TI Hub I've got)
		 * won't return config descriptors except before set_config.
		 */
		retval = usb_control_msg(udev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION,
				USB_DIR_IN | USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
				0, 0, dev->buf, 1, USB_CTRL_GET_TIMEOUT);
		if (retval != 1 || dev->buf[0] != expected) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev, "get config --> %d %d (1 %d)\n",
				retval, dev->buf[0], expected);
			return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
		}
	}

	/* there's always [9.4.3] a device descriptor [9.6.1] */
	retval = usb_get_descriptor(udev, USB_DT_DEVICE, 0,
			dev->buf, sizeof(udev->descriptor));
	if (retval != sizeof(udev->descriptor)) {
		dev_err(&iface->dev, "dev descriptor --> %d\n", retval);
		return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
	}

	/*
	 * there's always [9.4.3] a bos device descriptor [9.6.2] in USB
	 * 3.0 spec
	 */
	if (le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.bcdUSB) >= 0x0210) {
		struct usb_bos_descriptor *bos = NULL;
		struct usb_dev_cap_header *header = NULL;
		unsigned total, num, length;
		u8 *buf;

		retval = usb_get_descriptor(udev, USB_DT_BOS, 0, dev->buf,
				sizeof(*udev->bos->desc));
		if (retval != sizeof(*udev->bos->desc)) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev, "bos descriptor --> %d\n", retval);
			return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
		}

		bos = (struct usb_bos_descriptor *)dev->buf;
		total = le16_to_cpu(bos->wTotalLength);
		num = bos->bNumDeviceCaps;

		if (total > TBUF_SIZE)
			total = TBUF_SIZE;

		/*
		 * get generic device-level capability descriptors [9.6.2]
		 * in USB 3.0 spec
		 */
		retval = usb_get_descriptor(udev, USB_DT_BOS, 0, dev->buf,
				total);
		if (retval != total) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev, "bos descriptor set --> %d\n",
					retval);
			return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
		}

		length = sizeof(*udev->bos->desc);
		buf = dev->buf;
		for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
			buf += length;
			if (buf + sizeof(struct usb_dev_cap_header) >
					dev->buf + total)
				break;

			header = (struct usb_dev_cap_header *)buf;
			length = header->bLength;

			if (header->bDescriptorType !=
					USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY) {
				dev_warn(&udev->dev, "not device capability descriptor, skip\n");
				continue;
			}

			switch (header->bDevCapabilityType) {
			case USB_CAP_TYPE_EXT:
				if (buf + USB_DT_USB_EXT_CAP_SIZE >
						dev->buf + total ||
						!is_good_ext(dev, buf)) {
					dev_err(&iface->dev, "bogus usb 2.0 extension descriptor\n");
					return -EDOM;
				}
				break;
			case USB_SS_CAP_TYPE:
				if (buf + USB_DT_USB_SS_CAP_SIZE >
						dev->buf + total ||
						!is_good_ss_cap(dev, buf)) {
					dev_err(&iface->dev, "bogus superspeed device capability descriptor\n");
					return -EDOM;
				}
				break;
			case CONTAINER_ID_TYPE:
				if (buf + USB_DT_USB_SS_CONTN_ID_SIZE >
						dev->buf + total ||
						!is_good_con_id(dev, buf)) {
					dev_err(&iface->dev, "bogus container id descriptor\n");
					return -EDOM;
				}
				break;
			default:
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	/* there's always [9.4.3] at least one config descriptor [9.6.3] */
	for (i = 0; i < udev->descriptor.bNumConfigurations; i++) {
		retval = usb_get_descriptor(udev, USB_DT_CONFIG, i,
				dev->buf, TBUF_SIZE);
		if (!is_good_config(dev, retval)) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev,
					"config [%d] descriptor --> %d\n",
					i, retval);
			return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
		}

		/* FIXME cross-checking udev->config[i] to make sure usbcore
		 * parsed it right (etc) would be good testing paranoia
		 */
	}

	/* and sometimes [9.2.6.6] speed dependent descriptors */
	if (le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.bcdUSB) == 0x0200) {
		struct usb_qualifier_descriptor *d = NULL;

		/* device qualifier [9.6.2] */
		retval = usb_get_descriptor(udev,
				USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER, 0, dev->buf,
				sizeof(struct usb_qualifier_descriptor));
		if (retval == -EPIPE) {
			if (udev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH) {
				dev_err(&iface->dev,
						"hs dev qualifier --> %d\n",
						retval);
				return retval;
			}
			/* usb2.0 but not high-speed capable; fine */
		} else if (retval != sizeof(struct usb_qualifier_descriptor)) {
			dev_err(&iface->dev, "dev qualifier --> %d\n", retval);
			return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
		} else
			d = (struct usb_qualifier_descriptor *) dev->buf;

		/* might not have [9.6.2] any other-speed configs [9.6.4] */
		if (d) {
			unsigned max = d->bNumConfigurations;
			for (i = 0; i < max; i++) {
				retval = usb_get_descriptor(udev,
					USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG, i,
					dev->buf, TBUF_SIZE);
				if (!is_good_config(dev, retval)) {
					dev_err(&iface->dev,
						"other speed config --> %d\n",
						retval);
					return (retval < 0) ? retval : -EDOM;
				}
			}
		}
	}
	/* FIXME fetch strings from at least the device descriptor */

	/* [9.4.5] get_status always works */
	retval = usb_get_status(udev, USB_RECIP_DEVICE, 0, dev->buf);
	if (retval) {
		dev_err(&iface->dev, "get dev status --> %d\n", retval);
		return retval;
	}

	/* FIXME configuration.bmAttributes says if we could try to set/clear
	 * the device's remote wakeup feature ... if we can, test that here
	 */

	retval = usb_get_status(udev, USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
			iface->altsetting[0].desc.bInterfaceNumber, dev->buf);
	if (retval) {
		dev_err(&iface->dev, "get interface status --> %d\n", retval);
		return retval;
	}
	/* FIXME get status for each endpoint in the interface */

	return 0;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* use ch9 requests to test whether:
 *   (a) queues work for control, keeping N subtests queued and
 *       active (auto-resubmit) for M loops through the queue.
 *   (b) protocol stalls (control-only) will autorecover.
 *       it's not like bulk/intr; no halt clearing.
 *   (c) short control reads are reported and handled.
 *   (d) queues are always processed in-order
 */

struct ctrl_ctx {
	spinlock_t		lock;
	struct usbtest_dev	*dev;
	struct completion	complete;
	unsigned		count;
	unsigned		pending;
	int			status;
	struct urb		**urb;
	struct usbtest_param_32	*param;
	int			last;
};

#define NUM_SUBCASES	16		/* how many test subcases here? */

struct subcase {
	struct usb_ctrlrequest	setup;
	int			number;
	int			expected;
};

static void ctrl_complete(struct urb *urb)
{
	struct ctrl_ctx		*ctx = urb->context;
	struct usb_ctrlrequest	*reqp;
	struct subcase		*subcase;
	int			status = urb->status;

	reqp = (struct usb_ctrlrequest *)urb->setup_packet;
	subcase = container_of(reqp, struct subcase, setup);

	spin_lock(&ctx->lock);
	ctx->count--;
	ctx->pending--;

	/* queue must transfer and complete in fifo order, unless
	 * usb_unlink_urb() is used to unlink something not at the
	 * physical queue head (not tested).
	 */
	if (subcase->number > 0) {
		if ((subcase->number - ctx->last) != 1) {
			ERROR(ctx->dev,
				"subcase %d completed out of order, last %d\n",
				subcase->number, ctx->last);
			status = -EDOM;
			ctx->last = subcase->number;
			goto error;
		}
	}
	ctx->last = subcase->number;

	/* succeed or fault in only one way? */
	if (status == subcase->expected)
		status = 0;

	/* async unlink for cleanup? */
	else if (status != -ECONNRESET) {

		/* some faults are allowed, not required */
		if (subcase->expected > 0 && (
			  ((status == -subcase->expected	/* happened */
			   || status == 0))))			/* didn't */
			status = 0;
		/* sometimes more than one fault is allowed */
		else if (subcase->number == 12 && status == -EPIPE)
			status = 0;
		else
			ERROR(ctx->dev, "subtest %d error, status %d\n",
					subcase->number, status);
	}

	/* unexpected status codes mean errors; ideally, in hardware */
	if (status) {
error:
		if (ctx->status == 0) {
			int		i;

			ctx->status = status;
			ERROR(ctx->dev, "control queue %02x.%02x, err %d, "
					"%d left, subcase %d, len %d/%d\n",
					reqp->bRequestType, reqp->bRequest,
					status, ctx->count, subcase->number,
					urb->actual_length,
					urb->transfer_buffer_length);

			/* FIXME this "unlink everything" exit route should
			 * be a separate test case.
			 */

			/* unlink whatever's still pending */
			for (i = 1; i < ctx->param->sglen; i++) {
				struct urb *u = ctx->urb[
							(i + subcase->number)
							% ctx->param->sglen];

				if (u == urb || !u->dev)
					continue;
				spin_unlock(&ctx->lock);
				status = usb_unlink_urb(u);
				spin_lock(&ctx->lock);
				switch (status) {
				case -EINPROGRESS:
				case -EBUSY:
				case -EIDRM:
					continue;
				default:
					ERROR(ctx->dev, "urb unlink --> %d\n",
							status);
				}
			}
			status = ctx->status;
		}
	}

	/* resubmit if we need to, else mark this as done */
	if ((status == 0) && (ctx->pending < ctx->count)) {
		status = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (status != 0) {
			ERROR(ctx->dev,
				"can't resubmit ctrl %02x.%02x, err %d\n",
				reqp->bRequestType, reqp->bRequest, status);
			urb->dev = NULL;
		} else
			ctx->pending++;
	} else
		urb->dev = NULL;

	/* signal completion when nothing's queued */
	if (ctx->pending == 0)
		complete(&ctx->complete);
	spin_unlock(&ctx->lock);
}

static int
test_ctrl_queue(struct usbtest_dev *dev, struct usbtest_param_32 *param)
{
	struct usb_device	*udev = testdev_to_usbdev(dev);
	struct urb		**urb;
	struct ctrl_ctx		context;
	int			i;

	if (param->sglen == 0 || param->iterations > UINT_MAX / param->sglen)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	spin_lock_init(&context.lock);
	context.dev = dev;
	init_completion(&context.complete);
	context.count = param->sglen * param->iterations;
	context.pending = 0;
	context.status = -ENOMEM;
	context.param = param;
	context.last = -1;

	/* allocate and init the urbs we'll queue.
	 * as with bulk/intr sglists, sglen is the queue depth; it also
	 * controls which subtests run (more tests than sglen) or rerun.
	 */
	urb = kcalloc(param->sglen, sizeof(struct urb *), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!urb)
		return -ENOMEM;
	for (i = 0; i < param->sglen; i++) {
		int			pipe = usb_rcvctrlpipe(udev, 0);
		unsigned		len;
		struct urb		*u;
		struct usb_ctrlrequest	req;
		struct subcase		*reqp;

		/* sign of this variable means:
		 *  -: tested code must return this (negative) error code
		 *  +: tested code may return this (negative too) error code
		 */
		int			expected = 0;

		/* requests here are mostly expected to succeed on any
		 * device, but some are chosen to trigger protocol stalls
		 * or short reads.
		 */
		memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
		req.bRequest = USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR;
		req.bRequestType = USB_DIR_IN|USB_RECIP_DEVICE;

		switch (i % NUM_SUBCASES) {
		case 0:		/* get device descriptor */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16(USB_DT_DEVICE << 8);
			len = sizeof(struct usb_device_descriptor);
			break;
		case 1:		/* get first config descriptor (only) */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16((USB_DT_CONFIG << 8) | 0);
			len = sizeof(struct usb_config_descriptor);
			break;
		case 2:		/* get altsetting (OFTEN STALLS) */
			req.bRequest = USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE;
			req.bRequestType = USB_DIR_IN|USB_RECIP_INTERFACE;
			/* index = 0 means first interface */
			len = 1;
			expected = EPIPE;
			break;
		case 3:		/* get interface status */
			req.bRequest = USB_REQ_GET_STATUS;
			req.bRequestType = USB_DIR_IN|USB_RECIP_INTERFACE;
			/* interface 0 */
			len = 2;
			break;
		case 4:		/* get device status */
			req.bRequest = USB_REQ_GET_STATUS;
			req.bRequestType = USB_DIR_IN|USB_RECIP_DEVICE;
			len = 2;
			break;
		case 5:		/* get device qualifier (MAY STALL) */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16 (USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER << 8);
			len = sizeof(struct usb_qualifier_descriptor);
			if (udev->speed != USB_SPEED_HIGH)
				expected = EPIPE;
			break;
		case 6:		/* get first config descriptor, plus interface */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16((USB_DT_CONFIG << 8) | 0);
			len = sizeof(struct usb_config_descriptor);
			len += sizeof(struct usb_interface_descriptor);
			break;
		case 7:		/* get interface descriptor (ALWAYS STALLS) */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16 (USB_DT_INTERFACE << 8);
			/* interface == 0 */
			len = sizeof(struct usb_interface_descriptor);
			expected = -EPIPE;
			break;
		/* NOTE: two consecutive stalls in the queue here.
		 *  that tests fault recovery a bit more aggressively. */
		case 8:		/* clear endpoint halt (MAY STALL) */
			req.bRequest = USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE;
			req.bRequestType = USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT;
			/* wValue 0 == ep halt */
			/* wIndex 0 == ep0 (shouldn't halt!) */
			len = 0;
			pipe = usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0);
			expected = EPIPE;
			break;
		case 9:		/* get endpoint status */
			req.bRequest = USB_REQ_GET_STATUS;
			req.bRequestType = USB_DIR_IN|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT;
			/* endpoint 0 */
			len = 2;
			break;
		case 10:	/* trigger short read (EREMOTEIO) */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16((USB_DT_CONFIG << 8) | 0);
			len = 1024;
			expected = -EREMOTEIO;
			break;
		/* NOTE: two consecutive _different_ faults in the queue. */
		case 11:	/* get endpoint descriptor (ALWAYS STALLS) */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16(USB_DT_ENDPOINT << 8);
			/* endpoint == 0 */
			len = sizeof(struct usb_interface_descriptor);
			expected = EPIPE;
			break;
		/* NOTE: sometimes even a third fault in the queue! */
		case 12:	/* get string 0 descriptor (MAY STALL) */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16(USB_DT_STRING << 8);
			/* string == 0, for language IDs */
			len = sizeof(struct usb_interface_descriptor);
			/* may succeed when > 4 languages */
			expected = EREMOTEIO;	/* or EPIPE, if no strings */
			break;
		case 13:	/* short read, resembling case 10 */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16((USB_DT_CONFIG << 8) | 0);
			/* last data packet "should" be DATA1, not DATA0 */
			if (udev->speed == USB_SPEED_SUPER)
				len = 1024 - 512;
			else
				len = 1024 - udev->descriptor.bMaxPacketSize0;
			expected = -EREMOTEIO;
			break;
		case 14:	/* short read; try to fill the last packet */
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16((USB_DT_DEVICE << 8) | 0);
			/* device descriptor size == 18 bytes */
			len = udev->descriptor.bMaxPacketSize0;
			if (udev->speed == USB_SPEED_SUPER)
				len = 512;
			switch (len) {
			case 8:
				len = 24;
				break;
			case 16:
				len = 32;
				break;
			}
			expected = -EREMOTEIO;
			break;
		case 15:
			req.wValue = cpu_to_le16(USB_DT_BOS << 8);
			if (udev->bos)
				len = le16_to_cpu(udev->bos->desc->wTotalLength);
			else
				len = sizeof(struct usb_bos_descriptor);
			if (le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.bcdUSB) < 0x0201)
				expected = -EPIPE;
			break;
		default:
			ERROR(dev, "bogus number of ctrl queue testcases!\n");
			context.status = -EINVAL;
			goto cleanup;
		}
		req.wLength = cpu_to_le16(len);
		urb[i] = u = simple_alloc_urb(udev, pipe, len, 0);
		if (!u)
			goto cleanup;

		reqp = kmalloc(sizeof(*reqp), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!reqp)
			goto cleanup;
		reqp->setup = req;
		reqp->number = i % NUM_SUBCASES;
		reqp->expected = expected;
		u->setup_packet = (char *) &reqp->setup;

		u->context = &context;
		u->complete = ctrl_complete;
	}

	/* queue the urbs */
	context.urb = urb;
	spin_lock_irq(&context.lock);
	for (i = 0; i < param->sglen; i++) {
		context.status = usb_submit_urb(urb[i], GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (context.status != 0) {
			ERROR(dev, "can't submit urb[%d], status %d\n",
					i, context.status);
			context.count = context.pending;
			break;
		}
		context.pending++;
	}
	spin_unlock_irq(&context.lock);

	/* FIXME  set timer and time out; provide a disconnect hook */

	/* wait for the last one to complete */
	if (context.pending > 0)
		wait_for_completion(&context.complete);

cleanup:
	for (i = 0; i < param->sglen; i++) {
		if (!urb[i])
			continue;
		urb[i]->dev = udev;
		kfree(urb[i]->setup_packet);
		simple_free_urb(urb[i]);
	}
	kfree(urb);
	return context.status;
}
#undef NUM_SUBCASES


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static void unlink1_callback(struct urb *urb)
{
	int	status = urb->status;

	/* we "know" -EPIPE (stall) never happens */
	if (!status)
		status = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (status) {
		urb->status = status;
		complete(urb->context);
	}
}

static int unlink1(struct usbtest_dev *dev, int pipe, int size, int async)
{
	struct urb		*urb;
	struct completion	completion;
	int			retval = 0;

	init_completion(&completion);
	urb = simple_alloc_urb(testdev_to_usbdev(dev), pipe, size, 0);
	if (!urb)
		return -ENOMEM;
	urb->context = &completion;
	urb->complete = unlink1_callback;

	if (usb_pipeout(urb->pipe)) {
		simple_fill_buf(urb);
		urb->transfer_flags |= URB_ZERO_PACKET;
	}

	/* keep the endpoint busy.  there are lots of hc/hcd-internal
	 * states, and testing should get to all of them over time.
	 *
	 * FIXME want additional tests for when endpoint is STALLing
	 * due to errors, or is just NAKing requests.
	 */
	retval = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (retval != 0) {
		dev_err(&dev->intf->dev, "submit fail %d\n", retval);
		return retval;
	}

	/* unlinking that should always work.  variable delay tests more
	 * hcd states and code paths, even with little other system load.
	 */
	msleep(jiffies % (2 * INTERRUPT_RATE));
	if (async) {
		while (!completion_done(&completion)) {
			retval = usb_unlink_urb(urb);

			if (retval == 0 && usb_pipein(urb->pipe))
				retval = simple_check_buf(dev, urb);

			switch (retval) {
			case -EBUSY:
			case -EIDRM:
				/* we can't unlink urbs while they're completing
				 * or if they've completed, and we haven't
				 * resubmitted. "normal" drivers would prevent
				 * resubmission, but since we're testing unlink
				 * paths, we can't.
				 */
				ERROR(dev, "unlink retry\n");
				continue;
			case 0:
			case -EINPROGRESS:
				break;

			default:
				dev_err(&dev->intf->dev,
					"unlink fail %d\n", retval);
				return retval;
			}

			break;
		}
	} else
		usb_kill_urb(urb);

	wait_for_completion(&completion);
	retval = urb->status;
	simple_free_urb(urb);

	if (async)
		return (retval == -ECONNRESET) ? 0 : retval - 1000;
	else
		return (retval == -ENOENT || retval == -EPERM) ?
				0 : retval - 2000;
}

static int unlink_simple(struct usbtest_dev *dev, int pipe, int len)
{
	int			retval = 0;

	/* test sync and async paths */
	retval = unlink1(dev, pipe, len, 1);
	if (!retval)
		retval = unlink1(dev, pipe, len, 0);
	return retval;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

struct queued_ctx {
	struct completion	complete;
	atomic_t		pending;
	unsigned		num;
	int			status;
	struct urb		**urbs;
};

static void unlink_queued_callback(struct urb *urb)
{
	int			status = urb->status;
	struct queued_ctx	*ctx = urb->context;

	if (ctx->status)
		goto done;
	if (urb == ctx->urbs[ctx->num - 4] || urb == ctx->urbs[ctx->num - 2]) {
		if (status == -ECONNRESET)
			goto done;
		/* What error should we report if the URB completed normally? */
	}
	if (status != 0)
		ctx->status = status;

 done:
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ctx->pending))
		complete(&ctx->complete);
}

static int unlink_queued(struct usbtest_dev *dev, int pipe, unsigned num,
		unsigned size)
{
	struct queued_ctx	ctx;
	struct usb_device	*udev = testdev_to_usbdev(dev);
	void			*buf;
	dma_addr_t		buf_dma;
	int			i;
	int			retval = -ENOMEM;

	init_completion(&ctx.complete);
	atomic_set(&ctx.pending, 1);	/* One more than the actual value */
	ctx.num = num;
	ctx.status = 0;

	buf = usb_alloc_coherent(udev, size, GFP_KERNEL, &buf_dma);
	if (!buf)
		return retval;
	memset(buf, 0, size);

	/* Allocate and init the urbs we'll queue */
	ctx.urbs = kcalloc(num, sizeof(struct urb *), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!ctx.urbs)
		goto free_buf;
	for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
		ctx.urbs[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!ctx.urbs[i])
			goto free_urbs;
		usb_fill_bulk_urb(ctx.urbs[i], udev, pipe, buf, size,
				unlink_queued_callback, &ctx);
		ctx.urbs[i]->transfer_dma = buf_dma;
		ctx.urbs[i]->transfer_flags = URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;

		if (usb_pipeout(ctx.urbs[i]->pipe)) {
			simple_fill_buf(ctx.urbs[i]);
			ctx.urbs[i]->transfer_flags |= URB_ZERO_PACKET;
		}
	}

	/* Submit all the URBs and then unlink URBs num - 4 and num - 2. */
	for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
		atomic_inc(&ctx.pending);
		retval = usb_submit_urb(ctx.urbs[i], GFP_KERNEL);
		if (retval != 0) {
			dev_err(&dev->intf->dev, "submit urbs[%d] fail %d\n",
					i, retval);
			atomic_dec(&ctx.pending);
			ctx.status = retval;
			break;
		}
	}
	if (i == num) {
		usb_unlink_urb(ctx.urbs[num - 4]);
		usb_unlink_urb(ctx.urbs[num - 2]);
	} else {
		while (--i >= 0)
			usb_unlink_urb(ctx.urbs[i]);
	}

	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ctx.pending))		/* The extra count */
		complete(&ctx.complete);
	wait_for_completion(&ctx.complete);
	retval = ctx.status;

 free_urbs:
	for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
		usb_free_urb(ctx.urbs[i]);
	kfree(ctx.urbs);
 free_buf:
	usb_free_coherent(udev, size, buf, buf_dma);
	return retval;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static int verify_not_halted(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, int ep, struct urb *urb)
{
	int	retval;
	u16	status;

	/* shouldn't look or act halted */
	retval = usb_get_status(urb->dev, USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT, ep, &status);
	if (retval < 0) {
		ERROR(tdev, "ep %02x couldn't get no-halt status, %d\n",
				ep, retval);
		return retval;
	}
	if (status != 0) {
		ERROR(tdev, "ep %02x bogus status: %04x != 0\n", ep, status);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	retval = simple_io(tdev, urb, 1, 0, 0, __func__);
	if (retval != 0)
		return -EINVAL;
	return 0;
}

static int verify_halted(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, int ep, struct urb *urb)
{
	int	retval;
	u16	status;

	/* should look and act halted */
	retval = usb_get_status(urb->dev, USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT, ep, &status);
	if (retval < 0) {
		ERROR(tdev, "ep %02x couldn't get halt status, %d\n",
				ep, retval);
		return retval;
	}
	if (status != 1) {
		ERROR(tdev, "ep %02x bogus status: %04x != 1\n", ep, status);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	retval = simple_io(tdev, urb, 1, 0, -EPIPE, __func__);
	if (retval != -EPIPE)
		return -EINVAL;
	retval = simple_io(tdev, urb, 1, 0, -EPIPE, "verify_still_halted");
	if (retval != -EPIPE)
		return -EINVAL;
	return 0;
}

static int test_halt(struct usbtest_dev *tdev, int ep, struct urb *urb)
{
	int	retval;

	/* shouldn't look or act halted now */
	retval = verify_not_halted(tdev, ep, urb);
	if (retval < 0)
		return retval;

	/* set halt (protocol test only), verify it worked */
	retval = usb_control_msg(urb->dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(urb->dev, 0),
			USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT,
			USB_ENDPOINT_HALT, ep,
			NULL, 0, USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
	if (retval < 0) {
		ERROR(tdev, "ep %02x couldn't set halt, %d\n", ep, retval);
		return retval;
	}
	retval = verify_halted(tdev, ep, urb);
	if (retval < 0) {
		int ret;

		/* clear halt anyways, else further tests will fail */
		ret = usb_clear_halt(urb->dev, urb->pipe);
		if (ret)
			ERROR(tdev, "ep %02x couldn't clear halt, %d\n",
			      ep, ret);

		return retval;
	}

	/* clear halt (tests API + protocol), verify it worked */
	retval = usb_clear_halt(urb->dev, urb->pipe);
	if (retval < 0) {
		ERROR(tdev, "ep %02x couldn't clear halt, %d\n", ep, retval);
		return retval;
	}
	retval = verify_not_halted(tdev, ep, urb);
	if (retval < 0)
		return retval;

	/* NOTE:  could also verify SET_INTERFACE clear halts ... */

	return 0;
}

static int halt_simple(struct usbtest_dev *dev)
{
	int			ep;
	int			retval = 0;
	struct urb		*urb;
	struct usb_device	*udev = testdev_to_usbdev(dev);

	if (udev->speed == USB_SPEED_SUPER)
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, 0, 1024, 0);
	else
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, 0, 512, 0);
	if (urb == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (dev->in_pipe) {
		ep = usb_pipeendpoint(dev->in_pipe) | USB_DIR_IN;
		urb->pipe = dev->in_pipe;
		retval = test_halt(dev, ep, urb);
		if (retval < 0)
			goto done;
	}

	if (dev->out_pipe) {
		ep = usb_pipeendpoint(dev->out_pipe);
		urb->pipe = dev->out_pipe;
		retval = test_halt(dev, ep, urb);
	}
done:
	simple_free_urb(urb);
	return retval;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Control OUT tests use the vendor control requests from Intel's
 * USB 2.0 compliance test device:  write a buffer, read it back.
 *
 * Intel's spec only _requires_ that it work for one packet, which
 * is pretty weak.   Some HCDs place limits here; most devices will
 * need to be able to handle more than one OUT data packet.  We'll
 * try whatever we're told to try.
 */
static int ctrl_out(struct usbtest_dev *dev,
		unsigned count, unsigned length, unsigned vary, unsigned offset)
{
	unsigned		i, j, len;
	int			retval;
	u8			*buf;
	char			*what = "?";
	struct usb_device	*udev;

	if (length < 1 || length > 0xffff || vary >= length)
		return -EINVAL;

	buf = kmalloc(length + offset, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	buf += offset;
	udev = testdev_to_usbdev(dev);
	len = length;
	retval = 0;

	/* NOTE:  hardware might well act differently if we pushed it
	 * with lots back-to-back queued requests.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
		/* write patterned data */
		for (j = 0; j < len; j++)
			buf[j] = (u8)(i + j);
		retval = usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				0x5b, USB_DIR_OUT|USB_TYPE_VENDOR,
				0, 0, buf, len, USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
		if (retval != len) {
			what = "write";
			if (retval >= 0) {
				ERROR(dev, "ctrl_out, wlen %d (expected %d)\n",
						retval, len);
				retval = -EBADMSG;
			}
			break;
		}

		/* read it back -- assuming nothing intervened!!  */
		retval = usb_control_msg(udev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				0x5c, USB_DIR_IN|USB_TYPE_VENDOR,
				0, 0, buf, len, USB_CTRL_GET_TIMEOUT);
		if (retval != len) {
			what = "read";
			if (retval >= 0) {
				ERROR(dev, "ctrl_out, rlen %d (expected %d)\n",
						retval, len);
				retval = -EBADMSG;
			}
			break;
		}

		/* fail if we can't verify */
		for (j = 0; j < len; j++) {
			if (buf[j] != (u8)(i + j)) {
				ERROR(dev, "ctrl_out, byte %d is %d not %d\n",
					j, buf[j], (u8)(i + j));
				retval = -EBADMSG;
				break;
			}
		}
		if (retval < 0) {
			what = "verify";
			break;
		}

		len += vary;

		/* [real world] the "zero bytes IN" case isn't really used.
		 * hardware can easily trip up in this weird case, since its
		 * status stage is IN, not OUT like other ep0in transfers.
		 */
		if (len > length)
			len = realworld ? 1 : 0;
	}

	if (retval < 0)
		ERROR(dev, "ctrl_out %s failed, code %d, count %d\n",
			what, retval, i);

	kfree(buf - offset);
	return retval;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* ISO/BULK tests ... mimics common usage
 *  - buffer length is split into N packets (mostly maxpacket sized)
 *  - multi-buffers according to sglen
 */

struct transfer_context {
	unsigned		count;
	unsigned		pending;
	spinlock_t		lock;
	struct completion	done;
	int			submit_error;
	unsigned long		errors;
	unsigned long		packet_count;
	struct usbtest_dev	*dev;
	bool			is_iso;
};

static void complicated_callback(struct urb *urb)
{
	struct transfer_context	*ctx = urb->context;

	spin_lock(&ctx->lock);
	ctx->count--;

	ctx->packet_count += urb->number_of_packets;
	if (urb->error_count > 0)
		ctx->errors += urb->error_count;
	else if (urb->status != 0)
		ctx->errors += (ctx->is_iso ? urb->number_of_packets : 1);
	else if (urb->actual_length != urb->transfer_buffer_length)
		ctx->errors++;
	else if (check_guard_bytes(ctx->dev, urb) != 0)
		ctx->errors++;

	if (urb->status == 0 && ctx->count > (ctx->pending - 1)
			&& !ctx->submit_error) {
		int status = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
		switch (status) {
		case 0:
			goto done;
		default:
			dev_err(&ctx->dev->intf->dev,
					"resubmit err %d\n",
					status);
			/* FALLTHROUGH */
		case -ENODEV:			/* disconnected */
		case -ESHUTDOWN:		/* endpoint disabled */
			ctx->submit_error = 1;
			break;
		}
	}

	ctx->pending--;
	if (ctx->pending == 0) {
		if (ctx->errors)
			dev_err(&ctx->dev->intf->dev,
				"during the test, %lu errors out of %lu\n",
				ctx->errors, ctx->packet_count);
		complete(&ctx->done);
	}
done:
	spin_unlock(&ctx->lock);
}

static struct urb *iso_alloc_urb(
	struct usb_device	*udev,
	int			pipe,
	struct usb_endpoint_descriptor	*desc,
	long			bytes,
	unsigned offset
)
{
	struct urb		*urb;
	unsigned		i, maxp, packets;

	if (bytes < 0 || !desc)
		return NULL;
	maxp = 0x7ff & usb_endpoint_maxp(desc);
	maxp *= usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(desc);
	packets = DIV_ROUND_UP(bytes, maxp);

	urb = usb_alloc_urb(packets, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!urb)
		return urb;
	urb->dev = udev;
	urb->pipe = pipe;

	urb->number_of_packets = packets;
	urb->transfer_buffer_length = bytes;
	urb->transfer_buffer = usb_alloc_coherent(udev, bytes + offset,
							GFP_KERNEL,
							&urb->transfer_dma);
	if (!urb->transfer_buffer) {
		usb_free_urb(urb);
		return NULL;
	}
	if (offset) {
		memset(urb->transfer_buffer, GUARD_BYTE, offset);
		urb->transfer_buffer += offset;
		urb->transfer_dma += offset;
	}
	/* For inbound transfers use guard byte so that test fails if
		data not correctly copied */
	memset(urb->transfer_buffer,
			usb_pipein(urb->pipe) ? GUARD_BYTE : 0,
			bytes);

	for (i = 0; i < packets; i++) {
		/* here, only the last packet will be short */
		urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = min((unsigned) bytes, maxp);
		bytes -= urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length;

		urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = maxp * i;
	}

	urb->complete = complicated_callback;
	/* urb->context = SET BY CALLER */
	urb->interval = 1 << (desc->bInterval - 1);
	urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP | URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
	return urb;
}

static int
test_queue(struct usbtest_dev *dev, struct usbtest_param_32 *param,
		int pipe, struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *desc, unsigned offset)
{
	struct transfer_context	context;
	struct usb_device	*udev;
	unsigned		i;
	unsigned long		packets = 0;
	int			status = 0;
	struct urb		*urbs[param->sglen];

	memset(&context, 0, sizeof(context));
	context.count = param->iterations * param->sglen;
	context.dev = dev;
	context.is_iso = !!desc;
	init_completion(&context.done);
	spin_lock_init(&context.lock);

	udev = testdev_to_usbdev(dev);

	for (i = 0; i < param->sglen; i++) {
		if (context.is_iso)
			urbs[i] = iso_alloc_urb(udev, pipe, desc,
					param->length, offset);
		else
			urbs[i] = complicated_alloc_urb(udev, pipe,
					param->length, 0);

		if (!urbs[i]) {
			status = -ENOMEM;
			goto fail;
		}
		packets += urbs[i]->number_of_packets;
		urbs[i]->context = &context;
	}
	packets *= param->iterations;

	if (context.is_iso) {
		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
			"iso period %d %sframes, wMaxPacket %d, transactions: %d\n",
			1 << (desc->bInterval - 1),
			(udev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH) ? "micro" : "",
			usb_endpoint_maxp(desc),
			usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(desc));

		dev_info(&dev->intf->dev,
			"total %lu msec (%lu packets)\n",
			(packets * (1 << (desc->bInterval - 1)))
				/ ((udev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH) ? 8 : 1),
			packets);
	}

	spin_lock_irq(&context.lock);
	for (i = 0; i < param->sglen; i++) {
		++context.pending;
		status = usb_submit_urb(urbs[i], GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (status < 0) {
			ERROR(dev, "submit iso[%d], error %d\n", i, status);
			if (i == 0) {
				spin_unlock_irq(&context.lock);
				goto fail;
			}

			simple_free_urb(urbs[i]);
			urbs[i] = NULL;
			context.pending--;
			context.submit_error = 1;
			break;
		}
	}
	spin_unlock_irq(&context.lock);

	wait_for_completion(&context.done);

	for (i = 0; i < param->sglen; i++) {
		if (urbs[i])
			simple_free_urb(urbs[i]);
	}
	/*
	 * Isochronous transfers are expected to fail sometimes.  As an
	 * arbitrary limit, we will report an error if any submissions
	 * fail or if the transfer failure rate is > 10%.
	 */
	if (status != 0)
		;
	else if (context.submit_error)
		status = -EACCES;
	else if (context.errors >
			(context.is_iso ? context.packet_count / 10 : 0))
		status = -EIO;
	return status;

fail:
	for (i = 0; i < param->sglen; i++) {
		if (urbs[i])
			simple_free_urb(urbs[i]);
	}
	return status;
}

static int test_unaligned_bulk(
	struct usbtest_dev *tdev,
	int pipe,
	unsigned length,
	int iterations,
	unsigned transfer_flags,
	const char *label)
{
	int retval;
	struct urb *urb = usbtest_alloc_urb(testdev_to_usbdev(tdev),
			pipe, length, transfer_flags, 1, 0, simple_callback);

	if (!urb)
		return -ENOMEM;

	retval = simple_io(tdev, urb, iterations, 0, 0, label);
	simple_free_urb(urb);
	return retval;
}

/* Run tests. */
static int
usbtest_do_ioctl(struct usb_interface *intf, struct usbtest_param_32 *param)
{
	struct usbtest_dev	*dev = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
	struct usb_device	*udev = testdev_to_usbdev(dev);
	struct urb		*urb;
	struct scatterlist	*sg;
	struct usb_sg_request	req;
	unsigned		i;
	int	retval = -EOPNOTSUPP;

	if (param->iterations <= 0)
		return -EINVAL;
	/*
	 * Just a bunch of test cases that every HCD is expected to handle.
	 *
	 * Some may need specific firmware, though it'd be good to have
	 * one firmware image to handle all the test cases.
	 *
	 * FIXME add more tests!  cancel requests, verify the data, control
	 * queueing, concurrent read+write threads, and so on.
	 */
	switch (param->test_num) {

	case 0:
		dev_info(&intf->dev, "TEST 0:  NOP\n");
		retval = 0;
		break;

	/* Simple non-queued bulk I/O tests */
	case 1:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 1:  write %d bytes %u times\n",
				param->length, param->iterations);
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, dev->out_pipe, param->length, 0);
		if (!urb) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk sink (maybe accepts short writes) */
		retval = simple_io(dev, urb, param->iterations, 0, 0, "test1");
		simple_free_urb(urb);
		break;
	case 2:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 2:  read %d bytes %u times\n",
				param->length, param->iterations);
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, dev->in_pipe, param->length, 0);
		if (!urb) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk source (maybe generates short writes) */
		retval = simple_io(dev, urb, param->iterations, 0, 0, "test2");
		simple_free_urb(urb);
		break;
	case 3:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0 || param->vary == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 3:  write/%d 0..%d bytes %u times\n",
				param->vary, param->length, param->iterations);
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, dev->out_pipe, param->length, 0);
		if (!urb) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk sink (maybe accepts short writes) */
		retval = simple_io(dev, urb, param->iterations, param->vary,
					0, "test3");
		simple_free_urb(urb);
		break;
	case 4:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0 || param->vary == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 4:  read/%d 0..%d bytes %u times\n",
				param->vary, param->length, param->iterations);
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, dev->in_pipe, param->length, 0);
		if (!urb) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk source (maybe generates short writes) */
		retval = simple_io(dev, urb, param->iterations, param->vary,
					0, "test4");
		simple_free_urb(urb);
		break;

	/* Queued bulk I/O tests */
	case 5:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 5:  write %d sglists %d entries of %d bytes\n",
				param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		sg = alloc_sglist(param->sglen, param->length,
				0, dev, dev->out_pipe);
		if (!sg) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk sink (maybe accepts short writes) */
		retval = perform_sglist(dev, param->iterations, dev->out_pipe,
				&req, sg, param->sglen);
		free_sglist(sg, param->sglen);
		break;

	case 6:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 6:  read %d sglists %d entries of %d bytes\n",
				param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		sg = alloc_sglist(param->sglen, param->length,
				0, dev, dev->in_pipe);
		if (!sg) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk source (maybe generates short writes) */
		retval = perform_sglist(dev, param->iterations, dev->in_pipe,
				&req, sg, param->sglen);
		free_sglist(sg, param->sglen);
		break;
	case 7:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0 || param->vary == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 7:  write/%d %d sglists %d entries 0..%d bytes\n",
				param->vary, param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		sg = alloc_sglist(param->sglen, param->length,
				param->vary, dev, dev->out_pipe);
		if (!sg) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk sink (maybe accepts short writes) */
		retval = perform_sglist(dev, param->iterations, dev->out_pipe,
				&req, sg, param->sglen);
		free_sglist(sg, param->sglen);
		break;
	case 8:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0 || param->vary == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 8:  read/%d %d sglists %d entries 0..%d bytes\n",
				param->vary, param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		sg = alloc_sglist(param->sglen, param->length,
				param->vary, dev, dev->in_pipe);
		if (!sg) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE:  bulk source (maybe generates short writes) */
		retval = perform_sglist(dev, param->iterations, dev->in_pipe,
				&req, sg, param->sglen);
		free_sglist(sg, param->sglen);
		break;

	/* non-queued sanity tests for control (chapter 9 subset) */
	case 9:
		retval = 0;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 9:  ch9 (subset) control tests, %d times\n",
				param->iterations);
		for (i = param->iterations; retval == 0 && i--; /* NOP */)
			retval = ch9_postconfig(dev);
		if (retval)
			dev_err(&intf->dev, "ch9 subset failed, "
					"iterations left %d\n", i);
		break;

	/* queued control messaging */
	case 10:
		retval = 0;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 10:  queue %d control calls, %d times\n",
				param->sglen,
				param->iterations);
		retval = test_ctrl_queue(dev, param);
		break;

	/* simple non-queued unlinks (ring with one urb) */
	case 11:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0 || !param->length)
			break;
		retval = 0;
		dev_info(&intf->dev, "TEST 11:  unlink %d reads of %d\n",
				param->iterations, param->length);
		for (i = param->iterations; retval == 0 && i--; /* NOP */)
			retval = unlink_simple(dev, dev->in_pipe,
						param->length);
		if (retval)
			dev_err(&intf->dev, "unlink reads failed %d, "
				"iterations left %d\n", retval, i);
		break;
	case 12:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0 || !param->length)
			break;
		retval = 0;
		dev_info(&intf->dev, "TEST 12:  unlink %d writes of %d\n",
				param->iterations, param->length);
		for (i = param->iterations; retval == 0 && i--; /* NOP */)
			retval = unlink_simple(dev, dev->out_pipe,
						param->length);
		if (retval)
			dev_err(&intf->dev, "unlink writes failed %d, "
				"iterations left %d\n", retval, i);
		break;

	/* ep halt tests */
	case 13:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0 && dev->in_pipe == 0)
			break;
		retval = 0;
		dev_info(&intf->dev, "TEST 13:  set/clear %d halts\n",
				param->iterations);
		for (i = param->iterations; retval == 0 && i--; /* NOP */)
			retval = halt_simple(dev);

		if (retval)
			ERROR(dev, "halts failed, iterations left %d\n", i);
		break;

	/* control write tests */
	case 14:
		if (!dev->info->ctrl_out)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev, "TEST 14:  %d ep0out, %d..%d vary %d\n",
				param->iterations,
				realworld ? 1 : 0, param->length,
				param->vary);
		retval = ctrl_out(dev, param->iterations,
				param->length, param->vary, 0);
		break;

	/* iso write tests */
	case 15:
		if (dev->out_iso_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 15:  write %d iso, %d entries of %d bytes\n",
				param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		/* FIRMWARE:  iso sink */
		retval = test_queue(dev, param,
				dev->out_iso_pipe, dev->iso_out, 0);
		break;

	/* iso read tests */
	case 16:
		if (dev->in_iso_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 16:  read %d iso, %d entries of %d bytes\n",
				param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		/* FIRMWARE:  iso source */
		retval = test_queue(dev, param,
				dev->in_iso_pipe, dev->iso_in, 0);
		break;

	/* FIXME scatterlist cancel (needs helper thread) */

	/* Tests for bulk I/O using DMA mapping by core and odd address */
	case 17:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 17:  write odd addr %d bytes %u times core map\n",
			param->length, param->iterations);

		retval = test_unaligned_bulk(
				dev, dev->out_pipe,
				param->length, param->iterations,
				0, "test17");
		break;

	case 18:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 18:  read odd addr %d bytes %u times core map\n",
			param->length, param->iterations);

		retval = test_unaligned_bulk(
				dev, dev->in_pipe,
				param->length, param->iterations,
				0, "test18");
		break;

	/* Tests for bulk I/O using premapped coherent buffer and odd address */
	case 19:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 19:  write odd addr %d bytes %u times premapped\n",
			param->length, param->iterations);

		retval = test_unaligned_bulk(
				dev, dev->out_pipe,
				param->length, param->iterations,
				URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP, "test19");
		break;

	case 20:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 20:  read odd addr %d bytes %u times premapped\n",
			param->length, param->iterations);

		retval = test_unaligned_bulk(
				dev, dev->in_pipe,
				param->length, param->iterations,
				URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP, "test20");
		break;

	/* control write tests with unaligned buffer */
	case 21:
		if (!dev->info->ctrl_out)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 21:  %d ep0out odd addr, %d..%d vary %d\n",
				param->iterations,
				realworld ? 1 : 0, param->length,
				param->vary);
		retval = ctrl_out(dev, param->iterations,
				param->length, param->vary, 1);
		break;

	/* unaligned iso tests */
	case 22:
		if (dev->out_iso_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 22:  write %d iso odd, %d entries of %d bytes\n",
				param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		retval = test_queue(dev, param,
				dev->out_iso_pipe, dev->iso_out, 1);
		break;

	case 23:
		if (dev->in_iso_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 23:  read %d iso odd, %d entries of %d bytes\n",
				param->iterations,
				param->sglen, param->length);
		retval = test_queue(dev, param,
				dev->in_iso_pipe, dev->iso_in, 1);
		break;

	/* unlink URBs from a bulk-OUT queue */
	case 24:
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0 || !param->length || param->sglen < 4)
			break;
		retval = 0;
		dev_info(&intf->dev, "TEST 24:  unlink from %d queues of "
				"%d %d-byte writes\n",
				param->iterations, param->sglen, param->length);
		for (i = param->iterations; retval == 0 && i > 0; --i) {
			retval = unlink_queued(dev, dev->out_pipe,
						param->sglen, param->length);
			if (retval) {
				dev_err(&intf->dev,
					"unlink queued writes failed %d, "
					"iterations left %d\n", retval, i);
				break;
			}
		}
		break;

	/* Simple non-queued interrupt I/O tests */
	case 25:
		if (dev->out_int_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 25: write %d bytes %u times\n",
				param->length, param->iterations);
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, dev->out_int_pipe, param->length,
				dev->int_out->bInterval);
		if (!urb) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE: interrupt sink (maybe accepts short writes) */
		retval = simple_io(dev, urb, param->iterations, 0, 0, "test25");
		simple_free_urb(urb);
		break;
	case 26:
		if (dev->in_int_pipe == 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
				"TEST 26: read %d bytes %u times\n",
				param->length, param->iterations);
		urb = simple_alloc_urb(udev, dev->in_int_pipe, param->length,
				dev->int_in->bInterval);
		if (!urb) {
			retval = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
		/* FIRMWARE: interrupt source (maybe generates short writes) */
		retval = simple_io(dev, urb, param->iterations, 0, 0, "test26");
		simple_free_urb(urb);
		break;
	case 27:
		/* We do performance test, so ignore data compare */
		if (dev->out_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0 || pattern != 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 27: bulk write %dMbytes\n", (param->iterations *
			param->sglen * param->length) / (1024 * 1024));
		retval = test_queue(dev, param,
				dev->out_pipe, NULL, 0);
		break;
	case 28:
		if (dev->in_pipe == 0 || param->sglen == 0 || pattern != 0)
			break;
		dev_info(&intf->dev,
			"TEST 28: bulk read %dMbytes\n", (param->iterations *
			param->sglen * param->length) / (1024 * 1024));
		retval = test_queue(dev, param,
				dev->in_pipe, NULL, 0);
		break;
	}
	return retval;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* We only have this one interface to user space, through usbfs.
 * User mode code can scan usbfs to find N different devices (maybe on
 * different busses) to use when testing, and allocate one thread per
 * test.  So discovery is simplified, and we have no device naming issues.
 *
 * Don't use these only as stress/load tests.  Use them along with with
 * other USB bus activity:  plugging, unplugging, mousing, mp3 playback,
 * video capture, and so on.  Run different tests at different times, in
 * different sequences.  Nothing here should interact with other devices,
 * except indirectly by consuming USB bandwidth and CPU resources for test
 * threads and request completion.  But the only way to know that for sure
 * is to test when HC queues are in use by many devices.
 *
 * WARNING:  Because usbfs grabs udev->dev.sem before calling this ioctl(),
 * it locks out usbcore in certain code paths.  Notably, if you disconnect
 * the device-under-test, hub_wq will wait block forever waiting for the
 * ioctl to complete ... so that usb_disconnect() can abort the pending
 * urbs and then call usbtest_disconnect().  To abort a test, you're best
 * off just killing the userspace task and waiting for it to exit.
 */

static int
usbtest_ioctl(struct usb_interface *intf, unsigned int code, void *buf)
{

	struct usbtest_dev	*dev = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
	struct usbtest_param_64 *param_64 = buf;
	struct usbtest_param_32 temp;
	struct usbtest_param_32 *param_32 = buf;
	struct timespec64 start;
	struct timespec64 end;
	struct timespec64 duration;
	int retval = -EOPNOTSUPP;

	/* FIXME USBDEVFS_CONNECTINFO doesn't say how fast the device is. */

	pattern = mod_pattern;

	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->lock))
		return -ERESTARTSYS;

	/* FIXME: What if a system sleep starts while a test is running? */

	/* some devices, like ez-usb default devices, need a non-default
	 * altsetting to have any active endpoints.  some tests change
	 * altsettings; force a default so most tests don't need to check.
	 */
	if (dev->info->alt >= 0) {
		if (intf->altsetting->desc.bInterfaceNumber) {
			retval = -ENODEV;
			goto free_mutex;
		}
		retval = set_altsetting(dev, dev->info->alt);
		if (retval) {
			dev_err(&intf->dev,
					"set altsetting to %d failed, %d\n",
					dev->info->alt, retval);
			goto free_mutex;
		}
	}

	switch (code) {
	case USBTEST_REQUEST_64:
		temp.test_num = param_64->test_num;
		temp.iterations = param_64->iterations;
		temp.length = param_64->length;
		temp.sglen = param_64->sglen;
		temp.vary = param_64->vary;
		param_32 = &temp;
		break;

	case USBTEST_REQUEST_32:
		break;

	default:
		retval = -EOPNOTSUPP;
		goto free_mutex;
	}

	ktime_get_ts64(&start);

	retval = usbtest_do_ioctl(intf, param_32);
	if (retval < 0)
		goto free_mutex;

	ktime_get_ts64(&end);

	duration = timespec64_sub(end, start);

	temp.duration_sec = duration.tv_sec;
	temp.duration_usec = duration.tv_nsec/NSEC_PER_USEC;

	switch (code) {
	case USBTEST_REQUEST_32:
		param_32->duration_sec = temp.duration_sec;
		param_32->duration_usec = temp.duration_usec;
		break;

	case USBTEST_REQUEST_64:
		param_64->duration_sec = temp.duration_sec;
		param_64->duration_usec = temp.duration_usec;
		break;
	}

free_mutex:
	mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
	return retval;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static unsigned force_interrupt;
module_param(force_interrupt, uint, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(force_interrupt, "0 = test default; else interrupt");

#ifdef	GENERIC
static unsigned short vendor;
module_param(vendor, ushort, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(vendor, "vendor code (from usb-if)");

static unsigned short product;
module_param(product, ushort, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(product, "product code (from vendor)");
#endif

static int
usbtest_probe(struct usb_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
	struct usb_device	*udev;
	struct usbtest_dev	*dev;
	struct usbtest_info	*info;
	char			*rtest, *wtest;
	char			*irtest, *iwtest;
	char			*intrtest, *intwtest;

	udev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);

#ifdef	GENERIC
	/* specify devices by module parameters? */
	if (id->match_flags == 0) {
		/* vendor match required, product match optional */
		if (!vendor || le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idVendor) != (u16)vendor)
			return -ENODEV;
		if (product && le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idProduct) != (u16)product)
			return -ENODEV;
		dev_info(&intf->dev, "matched module params, "
					"vend=0x%04x prod=0x%04x\n",
				le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idVendor),
				le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idProduct));
	}
#endif

	dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev)
		return -ENOMEM;
	info = (struct usbtest_info *) id->driver_info;
	dev->info = info;
	mutex_init(&dev->lock);

	dev->intf = intf;

	/* cacheline-aligned scratch for i/o */
	dev->buf = kmalloc(TBUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (dev->buf == NULL) {
		kfree(dev);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* NOTE this doesn't yet test the handful of difference that are
	 * visible with high speed interrupts:  bigger maxpacket (1K) and
	 * "high bandwidth" modes (up to 3 packets/uframe).
	 */
	rtest = wtest = "";
	irtest = iwtest = "";
	intrtest = intwtest = "";
	if (force_interrupt || udev->speed == USB_SPEED_LOW) {
		if (info->ep_in) {
			dev->in_pipe = usb_rcvintpipe(udev, info->ep_in);
			rtest = " intr-in";
		}
		if (info->ep_out) {
			dev->out_pipe = usb_sndintpipe(udev, info->ep_out);
			wtest = " intr-out";
		}
	} else {
		if (override_alt >= 0 || info->autoconf) {
			int status;

			status = get_endpoints(dev, intf);
			if (status < 0) {
				WARNING(dev, "couldn't get endpoints, %d\n",
						status);
				kfree(dev->buf);
				kfree(dev);
				return status;
			}
			/* may find bulk or ISO pipes */
		} else {
			if (info->ep_in)
				dev->in_pipe = usb_rcvbulkpipe(udev,
							info->ep_in);
			if (info->ep_out)
				dev->out_pipe = usb_sndbulkpipe(udev,
							info->ep_out);
		}
		if (dev->in_pipe)
			rtest = " bulk-in";
		if (dev->out_pipe)
			wtest = " bulk-out";
		if (dev->in_iso_pipe)
			irtest = " iso-in";
		if (dev->out_iso_pipe)
			iwtest = " iso-out";
		if (dev->in_int_pipe)
			intrtest = " int-in";
		if (dev->out_int_pipe)
			intwtest = " int-out";
	}

	usb_set_intfdata(intf, dev);
	dev_info(&intf->dev, "%s\n", info->name);
	dev_info(&intf->dev, "%s {control%s%s%s%s%s%s%s} tests%s\n",
			usb_speed_string(udev->speed),
			info->ctrl_out ? " in/out" : "",
			rtest, wtest,
			irtest, iwtest,
			intrtest, intwtest,
			info->alt >= 0 ? " (+alt)" : "");
	return 0;
}

static int usbtest_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message)
{
	return 0;
}

static int usbtest_resume(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	return 0;
}


static void usbtest_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	struct usbtest_dev	*dev = usb_get_intfdata(intf);

	usb_set_intfdata(intf, NULL);
	dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "disconnect\n");
	kfree(dev);
}

/* Basic testing only needs a device that can source or sink bulk traffic.
 * Any device can test control transfers (default with GENERIC binding).
 *
 * Several entries work with the default EP0 implementation that's built
 * into EZ-USB chips.  There's a default vendor ID which can be overridden
 * by (very) small config EEPROMS, but otherwise all these devices act
 * identically until firmware is loaded:  only EP0 works.  It turns out
 * to be easy to make other endpoints work, without modifying that EP0
 * behavior.  For now, we expect that kind of firmware.
 */

/* an21xx or fx versions of ez-usb */
static struct usbtest_info ez1_info = {
	.name		= "EZ-USB device",
	.ep_in		= 2,
	.ep_out		= 2,
	.alt		= 1,
};

/* fx2 version of ez-usb */
static struct usbtest_info ez2_info = {
	.name		= "FX2 device",
	.ep_in		= 6,
	.ep_out		= 2,
	.alt		= 1,
};

/* ezusb family device with dedicated usb test firmware,
 */
static struct usbtest_info fw_info = {
	.name		= "usb test device",
	.ep_in		= 2,
	.ep_out		= 2,
	.alt		= 1,
	.autoconf	= 1,		/* iso and ctrl_out need autoconf */
	.ctrl_out	= 1,
	.iso		= 1,		/* iso_ep's are #8 in/out */
};

/* peripheral running Linux and 'zero.c' test firmware, or
 * its user-mode cousin. different versions of this use
 * different hardware with the same vendor/product codes.
 * host side MUST rely on the endpoint descriptors.
 */
static struct usbtest_info gz_info = {
	.name		= "Linux gadget zero",
	.autoconf	= 1,
	.ctrl_out	= 1,
	.iso		= 1,
	.intr		= 1,
	.alt		= 0,
};

static struct usbtest_info um_info = {
	.name		= "Linux user mode test driver",
	.autoconf	= 1,
	.alt		= -1,
};

static struct usbtest_info um2_info = {
	.name		= "Linux user mode ISO test driver",
	.autoconf	= 1,
	.iso		= 1,
	.alt		= -1,
};

#ifdef IBOT2
/* this is a nice source of high speed bulk data;
 * uses an FX2, with firmware provided in the device
 */
static struct usbtest_info ibot2_info = {
	.name		= "iBOT2 webcam",
	.ep_in		= 2,
	.alt		= -1,
};
#endif

#ifdef GENERIC
/* we can use any device to test control traffic */
static struct usbtest_info generic_info = {
	.name		= "Generic USB device",
	.alt		= -1,
};
#endif


static const struct usb_device_id id_table[] = {

	/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/

	/* EZ-USB devices which download firmware to replace (or in our
	 * case augment) the default device implementation.
	 */

	/* generic EZ-USB FX controller */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x0547, 0x2235),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &ez1_info,
	},

	/* CY3671 development board with EZ-USB FX */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x0547, 0x0080),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &ez1_info,
	},

	/* generic EZ-USB FX2 controller (or development board) */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x04b4, 0x8613),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &ez2_info,
	},

	/* re-enumerated usb test device firmware */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0xfff0, 0xfff0),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &fw_info,
	},

	/* "Gadget Zero" firmware runs under Linux */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x0525, 0xa4a0),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &gz_info,
	},

	/* so does a user-mode variant */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x0525, 0xa4a4),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &um_info,
	},

	/* ... and a user-mode variant that talks iso */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x0525, 0xa4a3),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &um2_info,
	},

#ifdef KEYSPAN_19Qi
	/* Keyspan 19qi uses an21xx (original EZ-USB) */
	/* this does not coexist with the real Keyspan 19qi driver! */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x06cd, 0x010b),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &ez1_info,
	},
#endif

	/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef IBOT2
	/* iBOT2 makes a nice source of high speed bulk-in data */
	/* this does not coexist with a real iBOT2 driver! */
	{ USB_DEVICE(0x0b62, 0x0059),
		.driver_info = (unsigned long) &ibot2_info,
	},
#endif

	/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef GENERIC
	/* module params can specify devices to use for control tests */
	{ .driver_info = (unsigned long) &generic_info, },
#endif

	/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/

	{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, id_table);

static struct usb_driver usbtest_driver = {
	.name =		"usbtest",
	.id_table =	id_table,
	.probe =	usbtest_probe,
	.unlocked_ioctl = usbtest_ioctl,
	.disconnect =	usbtest_disconnect,
	.suspend =	usbtest_suspend,
	.resume =	usbtest_resume,
};

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static int __init usbtest_init(void)
{
#ifdef GENERIC
	if (vendor)
		pr_debug("params: vend=0x%04x prod=0x%04x\n", vendor, product);
#endif
	return usb_register(&usbtest_driver);
}
module_init(usbtest_init);

static void __exit usbtest_exit(void)
{
	usb_deregister(&usbtest_driver);
}
module_exit(usbtest_exit);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("USB Core/HCD Testing Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");