Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

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/*
 * USB hub driver.
 *
 * (C) Copyright 1999 Linus Torvalds
 * (C) Copyright 1999 Johannes Erdfelt
 * (C) Copyright 1999 Gregory P. Smith
 * (C) Copyright 2001 Brad Hards (bhards@bigpond.net.au)
 *
 * Released under the GPLv2 only.
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/usbdevice_fs.h>
#include <linux/usb/hcd.h>
#include <linux/usb/otg.h>
#include <linux/usb/quirks.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/pm_qos.h>

#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>

#include "hub.h"
#include "otg_whitelist.h"

#define USB_VENDOR_GENESYS_LOGIC		0x05e3
#define HUB_QUIRK_CHECK_PORT_AUTOSUSPEND	0x01

/* Protect struct usb_device->state and ->children members
 * Note: Both are also protected by ->dev.sem, except that ->state can
 * change to USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED even when the semaphore isn't held. */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(device_state_lock);

/* workqueue to process hub events */
static struct workqueue_struct *hub_wq;
static void hub_event(struct work_struct *work);

/* synchronize hub-port add/remove and peering operations */
DEFINE_MUTEX(usb_port_peer_mutex);

/* cycle leds on hubs that aren't blinking for attention */
static bool blinkenlights;
module_param(blinkenlights, bool, S_IRUGO);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(blinkenlights, "true to cycle leds on hubs");

/*
 * Device SATA8000 FW1.0 from DATAST0R Technology Corp requires about
 * 10 seconds to send reply for the initial 64-byte descriptor request.
 */
/* define initial 64-byte descriptor request timeout in milliseconds */
static int initial_descriptor_timeout = USB_CTRL_GET_TIMEOUT;
module_param(initial_descriptor_timeout, int, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(initial_descriptor_timeout,
		"initial 64-byte descriptor request timeout in milliseconds "
		"(default 5000 - 5.0 seconds)");

/*
 * As of 2.6.10 we introduce a new USB device initialization scheme which
 * closely resembles the way Windows works.  Hopefully it will be compatible
 * with a wider range of devices than the old scheme.  However some previously
 * working devices may start giving rise to "device not accepting address"
 * errors; if that happens the user can try the old scheme by adjusting the
 * following module parameters.
 *
 * For maximum flexibility there are two boolean parameters to control the
 * hub driver's behavior.  On the first initialization attempt, if the
 * "old_scheme_first" parameter is set then the old scheme will be used,
 * otherwise the new scheme is used.  If that fails and "use_both_schemes"
 * is set, then the driver will make another attempt, using the other scheme.
 */
static bool old_scheme_first;
module_param(old_scheme_first, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(old_scheme_first,
		 "start with the old device initialization scheme");

static bool use_both_schemes = 1;
module_param(use_both_schemes, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(use_both_schemes,
		"try the other device initialization scheme if the "
		"first one fails");

/* Mutual exclusion for EHCI CF initialization.  This interferes with
 * port reset on some companion controllers.
 */
DECLARE_RWSEM(ehci_cf_port_reset_rwsem);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ehci_cf_port_reset_rwsem);

#define HUB_DEBOUNCE_TIMEOUT	2000
#define HUB_DEBOUNCE_STEP	  25
#define HUB_DEBOUNCE_STABLE	 100

static void hub_release(struct kref *kref);
static int usb_reset_and_verify_device(struct usb_device *udev);
static int hub_port_disable(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1, int set_state);

static inline char *portspeed(struct usb_hub *hub, int portstatus)
{
	if (hub_is_superspeedplus(hub->hdev))
		return "10.0 Gb/s";
	if (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev))
		return "5.0 Gb/s";
	if (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_HIGH_SPEED)
		return "480 Mb/s";
	else if (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_LOW_SPEED)
		return "1.5 Mb/s";
	else
		return "12 Mb/s";
}

/* Note that hdev or one of its children must be locked! */
struct usb_hub *usb_hub_to_struct_hub(struct usb_device *hdev)
{
	if (!hdev || !hdev->actconfig || !hdev->maxchild)
		return NULL;
	return usb_get_intfdata(hdev->actconfig->interface[0]);
}

int usb_device_supports_lpm(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	/* Some devices have trouble with LPM */
	if (udev->quirks & USB_QUIRK_NO_LPM)
		return 0;

	/* USB 2.1 (and greater) devices indicate LPM support through
	 * their USB 2.0 Extended Capabilities BOS descriptor.
	 */
	if (udev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH || udev->speed == USB_SPEED_FULL) {
		if (udev->bos->ext_cap &&
			(USB_LPM_SUPPORT &
			 le32_to_cpu(udev->bos->ext_cap->bmAttributes)))
			return 1;
		return 0;
	}

	/*
	 * According to the USB 3.0 spec, all USB 3.0 devices must support LPM.
	 * However, there are some that don't, and they set the U1/U2 exit
	 * latencies to zero.
	 */
	if (!udev->bos->ss_cap) {
		dev_info(&udev->dev, "No LPM exit latency info found, disabling LPM.\n");
		return 0;
	}

	if (udev->bos->ss_cap->bU1devExitLat == 0 &&
			udev->bos->ss_cap->bU2DevExitLat == 0) {
		if (udev->parent)
			dev_info(&udev->dev, "LPM exit latency is zeroed, disabling LPM.\n");
		else
			dev_info(&udev->dev, "We don't know the algorithms for LPM for this host, disabling LPM.\n");
		return 0;
	}

	if (!udev->parent || udev->parent->lpm_capable)
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Set the Maximum Exit Latency (MEL) for the host to initiate a transition from
 * either U1 or U2.
 */
static void usb_set_lpm_mel(struct usb_device *udev,
		struct usb3_lpm_parameters *udev_lpm_params,
		unsigned int udev_exit_latency,
		struct usb_hub *hub,
		struct usb3_lpm_parameters *hub_lpm_params,
		unsigned int hub_exit_latency)
{
	unsigned int total_mel;
	unsigned int device_mel;
	unsigned int hub_mel;

	/*
	 * Calculate the time it takes to transition all links from the roothub
	 * to the parent hub into U0.  The parent hub must then decode the
	 * packet (hub header decode latency) to figure out which port it was
	 * bound for.
	 *
	 * The Hub Header decode latency is expressed in 0.1us intervals (0x1
	 * means 0.1us).  Multiply that by 100 to get nanoseconds.
	 */
	total_mel = hub_lpm_params->mel +
		(hub->descriptor->u.ss.bHubHdrDecLat * 100);

	/*
	 * How long will it take to transition the downstream hub's port into
	 * U0?  The greater of either the hub exit latency or the device exit
	 * latency.
	 *
	 * The BOS U1/U2 exit latencies are expressed in 1us intervals.
	 * Multiply that by 1000 to get nanoseconds.
	 */
	device_mel = udev_exit_latency * 1000;
	hub_mel = hub_exit_latency * 1000;
	if (device_mel > hub_mel)
		total_mel += device_mel;
	else
		total_mel += hub_mel;

	udev_lpm_params->mel = total_mel;
}

/*
 * Set the maximum Device to Host Exit Latency (PEL) for the device to initiate
 * a transition from either U1 or U2.
 */
static void usb_set_lpm_pel(struct usb_device *udev,
		struct usb3_lpm_parameters *udev_lpm_params,
		unsigned int udev_exit_latency,
		struct usb_hub *hub,
		struct usb3_lpm_parameters *hub_lpm_params,
		unsigned int hub_exit_latency,
		unsigned int port_to_port_exit_latency)
{
	unsigned int first_link_pel;
	unsigned int hub_pel;

	/*
	 * First, the device sends an LFPS to transition the link between the
	 * device and the parent hub into U0.  The exit latency is the bigger of
	 * the device exit latency or the hub exit latency.
	 */
	if (udev_exit_latency > hub_exit_latency)
		first_link_pel = udev_exit_latency * 1000;
	else
		first_link_pel = hub_exit_latency * 1000;

	/*
	 * When the hub starts to receive the LFPS, there is a slight delay for
	 * it to figure out that one of the ports is sending an LFPS.  Then it
	 * will forward the LFPS to its upstream link.  The exit latency is the
	 * delay, plus the PEL that we calculated for this hub.
	 */
	hub_pel = port_to_port_exit_latency * 1000 + hub_lpm_params->pel;

	/*
	 * According to figure C-7 in the USB 3.0 spec, the PEL for this device
	 * is the greater of the two exit latencies.
	 */
	if (first_link_pel > hub_pel)
		udev_lpm_params->pel = first_link_pel;
	else
		udev_lpm_params->pel = hub_pel;
}

/*
 * Set the System Exit Latency (SEL) to indicate the total worst-case time from
 * when a device initiates a transition to U0, until when it will receive the
 * first packet from the host controller.
 *
 * Section C.1.5.1 describes the four components to this:
 *  - t1: device PEL
 *  - t2: time for the ERDY to make it from the device to the host.
 *  - t3: a host-specific delay to process the ERDY.
 *  - t4: time for the packet to make it from the host to the device.
 *
 * t3 is specific to both the xHCI host and the platform the host is integrated
 * into.  The Intel HW folks have said it's negligible, FIXME if a different
 * vendor says otherwise.
 */
static void usb_set_lpm_sel(struct usb_device *udev,
		struct usb3_lpm_parameters *udev_lpm_params)
{
	struct usb_device *parent;
	unsigned int num_hubs;
	unsigned int total_sel;

	/* t1 = device PEL */
	total_sel = udev_lpm_params->pel;
	/* How many external hubs are in between the device & the root port. */
	for (parent = udev->parent, num_hubs = 0; parent->parent;
			parent = parent->parent)
		num_hubs++;
	/* t2 = 2.1us + 250ns * (num_hubs - 1) */
	if (num_hubs > 0)
		total_sel += 2100 + 250 * (num_hubs - 1);

	/* t4 = 250ns * num_hubs */
	total_sel += 250 * num_hubs;

	udev_lpm_params->sel = total_sel;
}

static void usb_set_lpm_parameters(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub;
	unsigned int port_to_port_delay;
	unsigned int udev_u1_del;
	unsigned int udev_u2_del;
	unsigned int hub_u1_del;
	unsigned int hub_u2_del;

	if (!udev->lpm_capable || udev->speed < USB_SPEED_SUPER)
		return;

	hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);
	/* It doesn't take time to transition the roothub into U0, since it
	 * doesn't have an upstream link.
	 */
	if (!hub)
		return;

	udev_u1_del = udev->bos->ss_cap->bU1devExitLat;
	udev_u2_del = le16_to_cpu(udev->bos->ss_cap->bU2DevExitLat);
	hub_u1_del = udev->parent->bos->ss_cap->bU1devExitLat;
	hub_u2_del = le16_to_cpu(udev->parent->bos->ss_cap->bU2DevExitLat);

	usb_set_lpm_mel(udev, &udev->u1_params, udev_u1_del,
			hub, &udev->parent->u1_params, hub_u1_del);

	usb_set_lpm_mel(udev, &udev->u2_params, udev_u2_del,
			hub, &udev->parent->u2_params, hub_u2_del);

	/*
	 * Appendix C, section C.2.2.2, says that there is a slight delay from
	 * when the parent hub notices the downstream port is trying to
	 * transition to U0 to when the hub initiates a U0 transition on its
	 * upstream port.  The section says the delays are tPort2PortU1EL and
	 * tPort2PortU2EL, but it doesn't define what they are.
	 *
	 * The hub chapter, sections 10.4.2.4 and 10.4.2.5 seem to be talking
	 * about the same delays.  Use the maximum delay calculations from those
	 * sections.  For U1, it's tHubPort2PortExitLat, which is 1us max.  For
	 * U2, it's tHubPort2PortExitLat + U2DevExitLat - U1DevExitLat.  I
	 * assume the device exit latencies they are talking about are the hub
	 * exit latencies.
	 *
	 * What do we do if the U2 exit latency is less than the U1 exit
	 * latency?  It's possible, although not likely...
	 */
	port_to_port_delay = 1;

	usb_set_lpm_pel(udev, &udev->u1_params, udev_u1_del,
			hub, &udev->parent->u1_params, hub_u1_del,
			port_to_port_delay);

	if (hub_u2_del > hub_u1_del)
		port_to_port_delay = 1 + hub_u2_del - hub_u1_del;
	else
		port_to_port_delay = 1 + hub_u1_del;

	usb_set_lpm_pel(udev, &udev->u2_params, udev_u2_del,
			hub, &udev->parent->u2_params, hub_u2_del,
			port_to_port_delay);

	/* Now that we've got PEL, calculate SEL. */
	usb_set_lpm_sel(udev, &udev->u1_params);
	usb_set_lpm_sel(udev, &udev->u2_params);
}

/* USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.4.5 */
static int get_hub_descriptor(struct usb_device *hdev,
		struct usb_hub_descriptor *desc)
{
	int i, ret, size;
	unsigned dtype;

	if (hub_is_superspeed(hdev)) {
		dtype = USB_DT_SS_HUB;
		size = USB_DT_SS_HUB_SIZE;
	} else {
		dtype = USB_DT_HUB;
		size = sizeof(struct usb_hub_descriptor);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
		ret = usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
			USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR, USB_DIR_IN | USB_RT_HUB,
			dtype << 8, 0, desc, size,
			USB_CTRL_GET_TIMEOUT);
		if (hub_is_superspeed(hdev)) {
			if (ret == size)
				return ret;
		} else if (ret >= USB_DT_HUB_NONVAR_SIZE + 2) {
			/* Make sure we have the DeviceRemovable field. */
			size = USB_DT_HUB_NONVAR_SIZE + desc->bNbrPorts / 8 + 1;
			if (ret < size)
				return -EMSGSIZE;
			return ret;
		}
	}
	return -EINVAL;
}

/*
 * USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.2.1
 */
static int clear_hub_feature(struct usb_device *hdev, int feature)
{
	return usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_sndctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
		USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE, USB_RT_HUB, feature, 0, NULL, 0, 1000);
}

/*
 * USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.2.2
 */
int usb_clear_port_feature(struct usb_device *hdev, int port1, int feature)
{
	return usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_sndctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
		USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE, USB_RT_PORT, feature, port1,
		NULL, 0, 1000);
}

/*
 * USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.2.13
 */
static int set_port_feature(struct usb_device *hdev, int port1, int feature)
{
	return usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_sndctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
		USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, USB_RT_PORT, feature, port1,
		NULL, 0, 1000);
}

static char *to_led_name(int selector)
{
	switch (selector) {
	case HUB_LED_AMBER:
		return "amber";
	case HUB_LED_GREEN:
		return "green";
	case HUB_LED_OFF:
		return "off";
	case HUB_LED_AUTO:
		return "auto";
	default:
		return "??";
	}
}

/*
 * USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.2.7.1.10 and table 11-7
 * for info about using port indicators
 */
static void set_port_led(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1, int selector)
{
	struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[port1 - 1];
	int status;

	status = set_port_feature(hub->hdev, (selector << 8) | port1,
			USB_PORT_FEAT_INDICATOR);
	dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev, "indicator %s status %d\n",
		to_led_name(selector), status);
}

#define	LED_CYCLE_PERIOD	((2*HZ)/3)

static void led_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct usb_hub		*hub =
		container_of(work, struct usb_hub, leds.work);
	struct usb_device	*hdev = hub->hdev;
	unsigned		i;
	unsigned		changed = 0;
	int			cursor = -1;

	if (hdev->state != USB_STATE_CONFIGURED || hub->quiescing)
		return;

	for (i = 0; i < hdev->maxchild; i++) {
		unsigned	selector, mode;

		/* 30%-50% duty cycle */

		switch (hub->indicator[i]) {
		/* cycle marker */
		case INDICATOR_CYCLE:
			cursor = i;
			selector = HUB_LED_AUTO;
			mode = INDICATOR_AUTO;
			break;
		/* blinking green = sw attention */
		case INDICATOR_GREEN_BLINK:
			selector = HUB_LED_GREEN;
			mode = INDICATOR_GREEN_BLINK_OFF;
			break;
		case INDICATOR_GREEN_BLINK_OFF:
			selector = HUB_LED_OFF;
			mode = INDICATOR_GREEN_BLINK;
			break;
		/* blinking amber = hw attention */
		case INDICATOR_AMBER_BLINK:
			selector = HUB_LED_AMBER;
			mode = INDICATOR_AMBER_BLINK_OFF;
			break;
		case INDICATOR_AMBER_BLINK_OFF:
			selector = HUB_LED_OFF;
			mode = INDICATOR_AMBER_BLINK;
			break;
		/* blink green/amber = reserved */
		case INDICATOR_ALT_BLINK:
			selector = HUB_LED_GREEN;
			mode = INDICATOR_ALT_BLINK_OFF;
			break;
		case INDICATOR_ALT_BLINK_OFF:
			selector = HUB_LED_AMBER;
			mode = INDICATOR_ALT_BLINK;
			break;
		default:
			continue;
		}
		if (selector != HUB_LED_AUTO)
			changed = 1;
		set_port_led(hub, i + 1, selector);
		hub->indicator[i] = mode;
	}
	if (!changed && blinkenlights) {
		cursor++;
		cursor %= hdev->maxchild;
		set_port_led(hub, cursor + 1, HUB_LED_GREEN);
		hub->indicator[cursor] = INDICATOR_CYCLE;
		changed++;
	}
	if (changed)
		queue_delayed_work(system_power_efficient_wq,
				&hub->leds, LED_CYCLE_PERIOD);
}

/* use a short timeout for hub/port status fetches */
#define	USB_STS_TIMEOUT		1000
#define	USB_STS_RETRIES		5

/*
 * USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.2.6
 */
static int get_hub_status(struct usb_device *hdev,
		struct usb_hub_status *data)
{
	int i, status = -ETIMEDOUT;

	for (i = 0; i < USB_STS_RETRIES &&
			(status == -ETIMEDOUT || status == -EPIPE); i++) {
		status = usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
			USB_REQ_GET_STATUS, USB_DIR_IN | USB_RT_HUB, 0, 0,
			data, sizeof(*data), USB_STS_TIMEOUT);
	}
	return status;
}

/*
 * USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.2.7
 * USB 3.1 takes into use the wValue and wLength fields, spec Section 10.16.2.6
 */
static int get_port_status(struct usb_device *hdev, int port1,
			   void *data, u16 value, u16 length)
{
	int i, status = -ETIMEDOUT;

	for (i = 0; i < USB_STS_RETRIES &&
			(status == -ETIMEDOUT || status == -EPIPE); i++) {
		status = usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
			USB_REQ_GET_STATUS, USB_DIR_IN | USB_RT_PORT, value,
			port1, data, length, USB_STS_TIMEOUT);
	}
	return status;
}

static int hub_ext_port_status(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1, int type,
			       u16 *status, u16 *change, u32 *ext_status)
{
	int ret;
	int len = 4;

	if (type != HUB_PORT_STATUS)
		len = 8;

	mutex_lock(&hub->status_mutex);
	ret = get_port_status(hub->hdev, port1, &hub->status->port, type, len);
	if (ret < len) {
		if (ret != -ENODEV)
			dev_err(hub->intfdev,
				"%s failed (err = %d)\n", __func__, ret);
		if (ret >= 0)
			ret = -EIO;
	} else {
		*status = le16_to_cpu(hub->status->port.wPortStatus);
		*change = le16_to_cpu(hub->status->port.wPortChange);
		if (type != HUB_PORT_STATUS && ext_status)
			*ext_status = le32_to_cpu(
				hub->status->port.dwExtPortStatus);
		ret = 0;
	}
	mutex_unlock(&hub->status_mutex);
	return ret;
}

static int hub_port_status(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1,
		u16 *status, u16 *change)
{
	return hub_ext_port_status(hub, port1, HUB_PORT_STATUS,
				   status, change, NULL);
}

static void kick_hub_wq(struct usb_hub *hub)
{
	struct usb_interface *intf;

	if (hub->disconnected || work_pending(&hub->events))
		return;

	/*
	 * Suppress autosuspend until the event is proceed.
	 *
	 * Be careful and make sure that the symmetric operation is
	 * always called. We are here only when there is no pending
	 * work for this hub. Therefore put the interface either when
	 * the new work is called or when it is canceled.
	 */
	intf = to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev);
	usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(intf);
	kref_get(&hub->kref);

	if (queue_work(hub_wq, &hub->events))
		return;

	/* the work has already been scheduled */
	usb_autopm_put_interface_async(intf);
	kref_put(&hub->kref, hub_release);
}

void usb_kick_hub_wq(struct usb_device *hdev)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(hdev);

	if (hub)
		kick_hub_wq(hub);
}

/*
 * Let the USB core know that a USB 3.0 device has sent a Function Wake Device
 * Notification, which indicates it had initiated remote wakeup.
 *
 * USB 3.0 hubs do not report the port link state change from U3 to U0 when the
 * device initiates resume, so the USB core will not receive notice of the
 * resume through the normal hub interrupt URB.
 */
void usb_wakeup_notification(struct usb_device *hdev,
		unsigned int portnum)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub;

	if (!hdev)
		return;

	hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(hdev);
	if (hub) {
		set_bit(portnum, hub->wakeup_bits);
		kick_hub_wq(hub);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_wakeup_notification);

/* completion function, fires on port status changes and various faults */
static void hub_irq(struct urb *urb)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = urb->context;
	int status = urb->status;
	unsigned i;
	unsigned long bits;

	switch (status) {
	case -ENOENT:		/* synchronous unlink */
	case -ECONNRESET:	/* async unlink */
	case -ESHUTDOWN:	/* hardware going away */
		return;

	default:		/* presumably an error */
		/* Cause a hub reset after 10 consecutive errors */
		dev_dbg(hub->intfdev, "transfer --> %d\n", status);
		if ((++hub->nerrors < 10) || hub->error)
			goto resubmit;
		hub->error = status;
		/* FALL THROUGH */

	/* let hub_wq handle things */
	case 0:			/* we got data:  port status changed */
		bits = 0;
		for (i = 0; i < urb->actual_length; ++i)
			bits |= ((unsigned long) ((*hub->buffer)[i]))
					<< (i*8);
		hub->event_bits[0] = bits;
		break;
	}

	hub->nerrors = 0;

	/* Something happened, let hub_wq figure it out */
	kick_hub_wq(hub);

resubmit:
	if (hub->quiescing)
		return;

	status = usb_submit_urb(hub->urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (status != 0 && status != -ENODEV && status != -EPERM)
		dev_err(hub->intfdev, "resubmit --> %d\n", status);
}

/* USB 2.0 spec Section 11.24.2.3 */
static inline int
hub_clear_tt_buffer(struct usb_device *hdev, u16 devinfo, u16 tt)
{
	/* Need to clear both directions for control ep */
	if (((devinfo >> 11) & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) ==
			USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL) {
		int status = usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_sndctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
				HUB_CLEAR_TT_BUFFER, USB_RT_PORT,
				devinfo ^ 0x8000, tt, NULL, 0, 1000);
		if (status)
			return status;
	}
	return usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_sndctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
			       HUB_CLEAR_TT_BUFFER, USB_RT_PORT, devinfo,
			       tt, NULL, 0, 1000);
}

/*
 * enumeration blocks hub_wq for a long time. we use keventd instead, since
 * long blocking there is the exception, not the rule.  accordingly, HCDs
 * talking to TTs must queue control transfers (not just bulk and iso), so
 * both can talk to the same hub concurrently.
 */
static void hub_tt_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct usb_hub		*hub =
		container_of(work, struct usb_hub, tt.clear_work);
	unsigned long		flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&hub->tt.lock, flags);
	while (!list_empty(&hub->tt.clear_list)) {
		struct list_head	*next;
		struct usb_tt_clear	*clear;
		struct usb_device	*hdev = hub->hdev;
		const struct hc_driver	*drv;
		int			status;

		next = hub->tt.clear_list.next;
		clear = list_entry(next, struct usb_tt_clear, clear_list);
		list_del(&clear->clear_list);

		/* drop lock so HCD can concurrently report other TT errors */
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hub->tt.lock, flags);
		status = hub_clear_tt_buffer(hdev, clear->devinfo, clear->tt);
		if (status && status != -ENODEV)
			dev_err(&hdev->dev,
				"clear tt %d (%04x) error %d\n",
				clear->tt, clear->devinfo, status);

		/* Tell the HCD, even if the operation failed */
		drv = clear->hcd->driver;
		if (drv->clear_tt_buffer_complete)
			(drv->clear_tt_buffer_complete)(clear->hcd, clear->ep);

		kfree(clear);
		spin_lock_irqsave(&hub->tt.lock, flags);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hub->tt.lock, flags);
}

/**
 * usb_hub_set_port_power - control hub port's power state
 * @hdev: USB device belonging to the usb hub
 * @hub: target hub
 * @port1: port index
 * @set: expected status
 *
 * call this function to control port's power via setting or
 * clearing the port's PORT_POWER feature.
 *
 * Return: 0 if successful. A negative error code otherwise.
 */
int usb_hub_set_port_power(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_hub *hub,
			   int port1, bool set)
{
	int ret;

	if (set)
		ret = set_port_feature(hdev, port1, USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER);
	else
		ret = usb_clear_port_feature(hdev, port1, USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER);

	if (ret)
		return ret;

	if (set)
		set_bit(port1, hub->power_bits);
	else
		clear_bit(port1, hub->power_bits);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * usb_hub_clear_tt_buffer - clear control/bulk TT state in high speed hub
 * @urb: an URB associated with the failed or incomplete split transaction
 *
 * High speed HCDs use this to tell the hub driver that some split control or
 * bulk transaction failed in a way that requires clearing internal state of
 * a transaction translator.  This is normally detected (and reported) from
 * interrupt context.
 *
 * It may not be possible for that hub to handle additional full (or low)
 * speed transactions until that state is fully cleared out.
 *
 * Return: 0 if successful. A negative error code otherwise.
 */
int usb_hub_clear_tt_buffer(struct urb *urb)
{
	struct usb_device	*udev = urb->dev;
	int			pipe = urb->pipe;
	struct usb_tt		*tt = udev->tt;
	unsigned long		flags;
	struct usb_tt_clear	*clear;

	/* we've got to cope with an arbitrary number of pending TT clears,
	 * since each TT has "at least two" buffers that can need it (and
	 * there can be many TTs per hub).  even if they're uncommon.
	 */
	clear = kmalloc(sizeof *clear, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (clear == NULL) {
		dev_err(&udev->dev, "can't save CLEAR_TT_BUFFER state\n");
		/* FIXME recover somehow ... RESET_TT? */
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	/* info that CLEAR_TT_BUFFER needs */
	clear->tt = tt->multi ? udev->ttport : 1;
	clear->devinfo = usb_pipeendpoint (pipe);
	clear->devinfo |= udev->devnum << 4;
	clear->devinfo |= usb_pipecontrol(pipe)
			? (USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL << 11)
			: (USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK << 11);
	if (usb_pipein(pipe))
		clear->devinfo |= 1 << 15;

	/* info for completion callback */
	clear->hcd = bus_to_hcd(udev->bus);
	clear->ep = urb->ep;

	/* tell keventd to clear state for this TT */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&tt->lock, flags);
	list_add_tail(&clear->clear_list, &tt->clear_list);
	schedule_work(&tt->clear_work);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tt->lock, flags);
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_hub_clear_tt_buffer);

static void hub_power_on(struct usb_hub *hub, bool do_delay)
{
	int port1;

	/* Enable power on each port.  Some hubs have reserved values
	 * of LPSM (> 2) in their descriptors, even though they are
	 * USB 2.0 hubs.  Some hubs do not implement port-power switching
	 * but only emulate it.  In all cases, the ports won't work
	 * unless we send these messages to the hub.
	 */
	if (hub_is_port_power_switchable(hub))
		dev_dbg(hub->intfdev, "enabling power on all ports\n");
	else
		dev_dbg(hub->intfdev, "trying to enable port power on "
				"non-switchable hub\n");
	for (port1 = 1; port1 <= hub->hdev->maxchild; port1++)
		if (test_bit(port1, hub->power_bits))
			set_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1, USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER);
		else
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
						USB_PORT_FEAT_POWER);
	if (do_delay)
		msleep(hub_power_on_good_delay(hub));
}

static int hub_hub_status(struct usb_hub *hub,
		u16 *status, u16 *change)
{
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&hub->status_mutex);
	ret = get_hub_status(hub->hdev, &hub->status->hub);
	if (ret < 0) {
		if (ret != -ENODEV)
			dev_err(hub->intfdev,
				"%s failed (err = %d)\n", __func__, ret);
	} else {
		*status = le16_to_cpu(hub->status->hub.wHubStatus);
		*change = le16_to_cpu(hub->status->hub.wHubChange);
		ret = 0;
	}
	mutex_unlock(&hub->status_mutex);
	return ret;
}

static int hub_set_port_link_state(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1,
			unsigned int link_status)
{
	return set_port_feature(hub->hdev,
			port1 | (link_status << 3),
			USB_PORT_FEAT_LINK_STATE);
}

/*
 * Disable a port and mark a logical connect-change event, so that some
 * time later hub_wq will disconnect() any existing usb_device on the port
 * and will re-enumerate if there actually is a device attached.
 */
static void hub_port_logical_disconnect(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1)
{
	dev_dbg(&hub->ports[port1 - 1]->dev, "logical disconnect\n");
	hub_port_disable(hub, port1, 1);

	/* FIXME let caller ask to power down the port:
	 *  - some devices won't enumerate without a VBUS power cycle
	 *  - SRP saves power that way
	 *  - ... new call, TBD ...
	 * That's easy if this hub can switch power per-port, and
	 * hub_wq reactivates the port later (timer, SRP, etc).
	 * Powerdown must be optional, because of reset/DFU.
	 */

	set_bit(port1, hub->change_bits);
	kick_hub_wq(hub);
}

/**
 * usb_remove_device - disable a device's port on its parent hub
 * @udev: device to be disabled and removed
 * Context: @udev locked, must be able to sleep.
 *
 * After @udev's port has been disabled, hub_wq is notified and it will
 * see that the device has been disconnected.  When the device is
 * physically unplugged and something is plugged in, the events will
 * be received and processed normally.
 *
 * Return: 0 if successful. A negative error code otherwise.
 */
int usb_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub;
	struct usb_interface *intf;

	if (!udev->parent)	/* Can't remove a root hub */
		return -EINVAL;
	hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);
	intf = to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev);

	usb_autopm_get_interface(intf);
	set_bit(udev->portnum, hub->removed_bits);
	hub_port_logical_disconnect(hub, udev->portnum);
	usb_autopm_put_interface(intf);
	return 0;
}

enum hub_activation_type {
	HUB_INIT, HUB_INIT2, HUB_INIT3,		/* INITs must come first */
	HUB_POST_RESET, HUB_RESUME, HUB_RESET_RESUME,
};

static void hub_init_func2(struct work_struct *ws);
static void hub_init_func3(struct work_struct *ws);

static void hub_activate(struct usb_hub *hub, enum hub_activation_type type)
{
	struct usb_device *hdev = hub->hdev;
	struct usb_hcd *hcd;
	int ret;
	int port1;
	int status;
	bool need_debounce_delay = false;
	unsigned delay;

	/* Continue a partial initialization */
	if (type == HUB_INIT2 || type == HUB_INIT3) {
		device_lock(&hdev->dev);

		/* Was the hub disconnected while we were waiting? */
		if (hub->disconnected)
			goto disconnected;
		if (type == HUB_INIT2)
			goto init2;
		goto init3;
	}
	kref_get(&hub->kref);

	/* The superspeed hub except for root hub has to use Hub Depth
	 * value as an offset into the route string to locate the bits
	 * it uses to determine the downstream port number. So hub driver
	 * should send a set hub depth request to superspeed hub after
	 * the superspeed hub is set configuration in initialization or
	 * reset procedure.
	 *
	 * After a resume, port power should still be on.
	 * For any other type of activation, turn it on.
	 */
	if (type != HUB_RESUME) {
		if (hdev->parent && hub_is_superspeed(hdev)) {
			ret = usb_control_msg(hdev, usb_sndctrlpipe(hdev, 0),
					HUB_SET_DEPTH, USB_RT_HUB,
					hdev->level - 1, 0, NULL, 0,
					USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
			if (ret < 0)
				dev_err(hub->intfdev,
						"set hub depth failed\n");
		}

		/* Speed up system boot by using a delayed_work for the
		 * hub's initial power-up delays.  This is pretty awkward
		 * and the implementation looks like a home-brewed sort of
		 * setjmp/longjmp, but it saves at least 100 ms for each
		 * root hub (assuming usbcore is compiled into the kernel
		 * rather than as a module).  It adds up.
		 *
		 * This can't be done for HUB_RESUME or HUB_RESET_RESUME
		 * because for those activation types the ports have to be
		 * operational when we return.  In theory this could be done
		 * for HUB_POST_RESET, but it's easier not to.
		 */
		if (type == HUB_INIT) {
			delay = hub_power_on_good_delay(hub);

			hub_power_on(hub, false);
			INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&hub->init_work, hub_init_func2);
			queue_delayed_work(system_power_efficient_wq,
					&hub->init_work,
					msecs_to_jiffies(delay));

			/* Suppress autosuspend until init is done */
			usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(
					to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev));
			return;		/* Continues at init2: below */
		} else if (type == HUB_RESET_RESUME) {
			/* The internal host controller state for the hub device
			 * may be gone after a host power loss on system resume.
			 * Update the device's info so the HW knows it's a hub.
			 */
			hcd = bus_to_hcd(hdev->bus);
			if (hcd->driver->update_hub_device) {
				ret = hcd->driver->update_hub_device(hcd, hdev,
						&hub->tt, GFP_NOIO);
				if (ret < 0) {
					dev_err(hub->intfdev, "Host not "
							"accepting hub info "
							"update.\n");
					dev_err(hub->intfdev, "LS/FS devices "
							"and hubs may not work "
							"under this hub\n.");
				}
			}
			hub_power_on(hub, true);
		} else {
			hub_power_on(hub, true);
		}
	}
 init2:

	/*
	 * Check each port and set hub->change_bits to let hub_wq know
	 * which ports need attention.
	 */
	for (port1 = 1; port1 <= hdev->maxchild; ++port1) {
		struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[port1 - 1];
		struct usb_device *udev = port_dev->child;
		u16 portstatus, portchange;

		portstatus = portchange = 0;
		status = hub_port_status(hub, port1, &portstatus, &portchange);
		if (status)
			goto abort;

		if (udev || (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION))
			dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev, "status %04x change %04x\n",
					portstatus, portchange);

		/*
		 * After anything other than HUB_RESUME (i.e., initialization
		 * or any sort of reset), every port should be disabled.
		 * Unconnected ports should likewise be disabled (paranoia),
		 * and so should ports for which we have no usb_device.
		 */
		if ((portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_ENABLE) && (
				type != HUB_RESUME ||
				!(portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION) ||
				!udev ||
				udev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED)) {
			/*
			 * USB3 protocol ports will automatically transition
			 * to Enabled state when detect an USB3.0 device attach.
			 * Do not disable USB3 protocol ports, just pretend
			 * power was lost
			 */
			portstatus &= ~USB_PORT_STAT_ENABLE;
			if (!hub_is_superspeed(hdev))
				usb_clear_port_feature(hdev, port1,
						   USB_PORT_FEAT_ENABLE);
		}

		/* Clear status-change flags; we'll debounce later */
		if (portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_CONNECTION) {
			need_debounce_delay = true;
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION);
		}
		if (portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_ENABLE) {
			need_debounce_delay = true;
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_ENABLE);
		}
		if (portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_RESET) {
			need_debounce_delay = true;
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_RESET);
		}
		if ((portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_BH_RESET) &&
				hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev)) {
			need_debounce_delay = true;
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_BH_PORT_RESET);
		}
		/* We can forget about a "removed" device when there's a
		 * physical disconnect or the connect status changes.
		 */
		if (!(portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION) ||
				(portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_CONNECTION))
			clear_bit(port1, hub->removed_bits);

		if (!udev || udev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED) {
			/* Tell hub_wq to disconnect the device or
			 * check for a new connection
			 */
			if (udev || (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION) ||
			    (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_OVERCURRENT))
				set_bit(port1, hub->change_bits);

		} else if (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_ENABLE) {
			bool port_resumed = (portstatus &
					USB_PORT_STAT_LINK_STATE) ==
				USB_SS_PORT_LS_U0;
			/* The power session apparently survived the resume.
			 * If there was an overcurrent or suspend change
			 * (i.e., remote wakeup request), have hub_wq
			 * take care of it.  Look at the port link state
			 * for USB 3.0 hubs, since they don't have a suspend
			 * change bit, and they don't set the port link change
			 * bit on device-initiated resume.
			 */
			if (portchange || (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev) &&
						port_resumed))
				set_bit(port1, hub->change_bits);

		} else if (udev->persist_enabled) {
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
			udev->reset_resume = 1;
#endif
			/* Don't set the change_bits when the device
			 * was powered off.
			 */
			if (test_bit(port1, hub->power_bits))
				set_bit(port1, hub->change_bits);

		} else {
			/* The power session is gone; tell hub_wq */
			usb_set_device_state(udev, USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED);
			set_bit(port1, hub->change_bits);
		}
	}

	/* If no port-status-change flags were set, we don't need any
	 * debouncing.  If flags were set we can try to debounce the
	 * ports all at once right now, instead of letting hub_wq do them
	 * one at a time later on.
	 *
	 * If any port-status changes do occur during this delay, hub_wq
	 * will see them later and handle them normally.
	 */
	if (need_debounce_delay) {
		delay = HUB_DEBOUNCE_STABLE;

		/* Don't do a long sleep inside a workqueue routine */
		if (type == HUB_INIT2) {
			INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&hub->init_work, hub_init_func3);
			queue_delayed_work(system_power_efficient_wq,
					&hub->init_work,
					msecs_to_jiffies(delay));
			device_unlock(&hdev->dev);
			return;		/* Continues at init3: below */
		} else {
			msleep(delay);
		}
	}
 init3:
	hub->quiescing = 0;

	status = usb_submit_urb(hub->urb, GFP_NOIO);
	if (status < 0)
		dev_err(hub->intfdev, "activate --> %d\n", status);
	if (hub->has_indicators && blinkenlights)
		queue_delayed_work(system_power_efficient_wq,
				&hub->leds, LED_CYCLE_PERIOD);

	/* Scan all ports that need attention */
	kick_hub_wq(hub);
 abort:
	if (type == HUB_INIT2 || type == HUB_INIT3) {
		/* Allow autosuspend if it was suppressed */
 disconnected:
		usb_autopm_put_interface_async(to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev));
		device_unlock(&hdev->dev);
	}

	kref_put(&hub->kref, hub_release);
}

/* Implement the continuations for the delays above */
static void hub_init_func2(struct work_struct *ws)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = container_of(ws, struct usb_hub, init_work.work);

	hub_activate(hub, HUB_INIT2);
}

static void hub_init_func3(struct work_struct *ws)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = container_of(ws, struct usb_hub, init_work.work);

	hub_activate(hub, HUB_INIT3);
}

enum hub_quiescing_type {
	HUB_DISCONNECT, HUB_PRE_RESET, HUB_SUSPEND
};

static void hub_quiesce(struct usb_hub *hub, enum hub_quiescing_type type)
{
	struct usb_device *hdev = hub->hdev;
	int i;

	/* hub_wq and related activity won't re-trigger */
	hub->quiescing = 1;

	if (type != HUB_SUSPEND) {
		/* Disconnect all the children */
		for (i = 0; i < hdev->maxchild; ++i) {
			if (hub->ports[i]->child)
				usb_disconnect(&hub->ports[i]->child);
		}
	}

	/* Stop hub_wq and related activity */
	usb_kill_urb(hub->urb);
	if (hub->has_indicators)
		cancel_delayed_work_sync(&hub->leds);
	if (hub->tt.hub)
		flush_work(&hub->tt.clear_work);
}

static void hub_pm_barrier_for_all_ports(struct usb_hub *hub)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < hub->hdev->maxchild; ++i)
		pm_runtime_barrier(&hub->ports[i]->dev);
}

/* caller has locked the hub device */
static int hub_pre_reset(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_get_intfdata(intf);

	hub_quiesce(hub, HUB_PRE_RESET);
	hub->in_reset = 1;
	hub_pm_barrier_for_all_ports(hub);
	return 0;
}

/* caller has locked the hub device */
static int hub_post_reset(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_get_intfdata(intf);

	hub->in_reset = 0;
	hub_pm_barrier_for_all_ports(hub);
	hub_activate(hub, HUB_POST_RESET);
	return 0;
}

static int hub_configure(struct usb_hub *hub,
	struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *endpoint)
{
	struct usb_hcd *hcd;
	struct usb_device *hdev = hub->hdev;
	struct device *hub_dev = hub->intfdev;
	u16 hubstatus, hubchange;
	u16 wHubCharacteristics;
	unsigned int pipe;
	int maxp, ret, i;
	char *message = "out of memory";
	unsigned unit_load;
	unsigned full_load;
	unsigned maxchild;

	hub->buffer = kmalloc(sizeof(*hub->buffer), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!hub->buffer) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}

	hub->status = kmalloc(sizeof(*hub->status), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!hub->status) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}
	mutex_init(&hub->status_mutex);

	hub->descriptor = kzalloc(sizeof(*hub->descriptor), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!hub->descriptor) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Request the entire hub descriptor.
	 * hub->descriptor can handle USB_MAXCHILDREN ports,
	 * but a (non-SS) hub can/will return fewer bytes here.
	 */
	ret = get_hub_descriptor(hdev, hub->descriptor);
	if (ret < 0) {
		message = "can't read hub descriptor";
		goto fail;
	}

	maxchild = USB_MAXCHILDREN;
	if (hub_is_superspeed(hdev))
		maxchild = min_t(unsigned, maxchild, USB_SS_MAXPORTS);

	if (hub->descriptor->bNbrPorts > maxchild) {
		message = "hub has too many ports!";
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto fail;
	} else if (hub->descriptor->bNbrPorts == 0) {
		message = "hub doesn't have any ports!";
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto fail;
	}

	maxchild = hub->descriptor->bNbrPorts;
	dev_info(hub_dev, "%d port%s detected\n", maxchild,
			(maxchild == 1) ? "" : "s");

	hub->ports = kzalloc(maxchild * sizeof(struct usb_port *), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!hub->ports) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}

	wHubCharacteristics = le16_to_cpu(hub->descriptor->wHubCharacteristics);
	if (hub_is_superspeed(hdev)) {
		unit_load = 150;
		full_load = 900;
	} else {
		unit_load = 100;
		full_load = 500;
	}

	/* FIXME for USB 3.0, skip for now */
	if ((wHubCharacteristics & HUB_CHAR_COMPOUND) &&
			!(hub_is_superspeed(hdev))) {
		char	portstr[USB_MAXCHILDREN + 1];

		for (i = 0; i < maxchild; i++)
			portstr[i] = hub->descriptor->u.hs.DeviceRemovable
				    [((i + 1) / 8)] & (1 << ((i + 1) % 8))
				? 'F' : 'R';
		portstr[maxchild] = 0;
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "compound device; port removable status: %s\n", portstr);
	} else
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "standalone hub\n");

	switch (wHubCharacteristics & HUB_CHAR_LPSM) {
	case HUB_CHAR_COMMON_LPSM:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "ganged power switching\n");
		break;
	case HUB_CHAR_INDV_PORT_LPSM:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "individual port power switching\n");
		break;
	case HUB_CHAR_NO_LPSM:
	case HUB_CHAR_LPSM:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "no power switching (usb 1.0)\n");
		break;
	}

	switch (wHubCharacteristics & HUB_CHAR_OCPM) {
	case HUB_CHAR_COMMON_OCPM:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "global over-current protection\n");
		break;
	case HUB_CHAR_INDV_PORT_OCPM:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "individual port over-current protection\n");
		break;
	case HUB_CHAR_NO_OCPM:
	case HUB_CHAR_OCPM:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "no over-current protection\n");
		break;
	}

	spin_lock_init(&hub->tt.lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&hub->tt.clear_list);
	INIT_WORK(&hub->tt.clear_work, hub_tt_work);
	switch (hdev->descriptor.bDeviceProtocol) {
	case USB_HUB_PR_FS:
		break;
	case USB_HUB_PR_HS_SINGLE_TT:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "Single TT\n");
		hub->tt.hub = hdev;
		break;
	case USB_HUB_PR_HS_MULTI_TT:
		ret = usb_set_interface(hdev, 0, 1);
		if (ret == 0) {
			dev_dbg(hub_dev, "TT per port\n");
			hub->tt.multi = 1;
		} else
			dev_err(hub_dev, "Using single TT (err %d)\n",
				ret);
		hub->tt.hub = hdev;
		break;
	case USB_HUB_PR_SS:
		/* USB 3.0 hubs don't have a TT */
		break;
	default:
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "Unrecognized hub protocol %d\n",
			hdev->descriptor.bDeviceProtocol);
		break;
	}

	/* Note 8 FS bit times == (8 bits / 12000000 bps) ~= 666ns */
	switch (wHubCharacteristics & HUB_CHAR_TTTT) {
	case HUB_TTTT_8_BITS:
		if (hdev->descriptor.bDeviceProtocol != 0) {
			hub->tt.think_time = 666;
			dev_dbg(hub_dev, "TT requires at most %d "
					"FS bit times (%d ns)\n",
				8, hub->tt.think_time);
		}
		break;
	case HUB_TTTT_16_BITS:
		hub->tt.think_time = 666 * 2;
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "TT requires at most %d "
				"FS bit times (%d ns)\n",
			16, hub->tt.think_time);
		break;
	case HUB_TTTT_24_BITS:
		hub->tt.think_time = 666 * 3;
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "TT requires at most %d "
				"FS bit times (%d ns)\n",
			24, hub->tt.think_time);
		break;
	case HUB_TTTT_32_BITS:
		hub->tt.think_time = 666 * 4;
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "TT requires at most %d "
				"FS bit times (%d ns)\n",
			32, hub->tt.think_time);
		break;
	}

	/* probe() zeroes hub->indicator[] */
	if (wHubCharacteristics & HUB_CHAR_PORTIND) {
		hub->has_indicators = 1;
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "Port indicators are supported\n");
	}

	dev_dbg(hub_dev, "power on to power good time: %dms\n",
		hub->descriptor->bPwrOn2PwrGood * 2);

	/* power budgeting mostly matters with bus-powered hubs,
	 * and battery-powered root hubs (may provide just 8 mA).
	 */
	ret = usb_get_status(hdev, USB_RECIP_DEVICE, 0, &hubstatus);
	if (ret) {
		message = "can't get hub status";
		goto fail;
	}
	hcd = bus_to_hcd(hdev->bus);
	if (hdev == hdev->bus->root_hub) {
		if (hcd->power_budget > 0)
			hdev->bus_mA = hcd->power_budget;
		else
			hdev->bus_mA = full_load * maxchild;
		if (hdev->bus_mA >= full_load)
			hub->mA_per_port = full_load;
		else {
			hub->mA_per_port = hdev->bus_mA;
			hub->limited_power = 1;
		}
	} else if ((hubstatus & (1 << USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED)) == 0) {
		int remaining = hdev->bus_mA -
			hub->descriptor->bHubContrCurrent;

		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "hub controller current requirement: %dmA\n",
			hub->descriptor->bHubContrCurrent);
		hub->limited_power = 1;

		if (remaining < maxchild * unit_load)
			dev_warn(hub_dev,
					"insufficient power available "
					"to use all downstream ports\n");
		hub->mA_per_port = unit_load;	/* 7.2.1 */

	} else {	/* Self-powered external hub */
		/* FIXME: What about battery-powered external hubs that
		 * provide less current per port? */
		hub->mA_per_port = full_load;
	}
	if (hub->mA_per_port < full_load)
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "%umA bus power budget for each child\n",
				hub->mA_per_port);

	ret = hub_hub_status(hub, &hubstatus, &hubchange);
	if (ret < 0) {
		message = "can't get hub status";
		goto fail;
	}

	/* local power status reports aren't always correct */
	if (hdev->actconfig->desc.bmAttributes & USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER)
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "local power source is %s\n",
			(hubstatus & HUB_STATUS_LOCAL_POWER)
			? "lost (inactive)" : "good");

	if ((wHubCharacteristics & HUB_CHAR_OCPM) == 0)
		dev_dbg(hub_dev, "%sover-current condition exists\n",
			(hubstatus & HUB_STATUS_OVERCURRENT) ? "" : "no ");

	/* set up the interrupt endpoint
	 * We use the EP's maxpacket size instead of (PORTS+1+7)/8
	 * bytes as USB2.0[11.12.3] says because some hubs are known
	 * to send more data (and thus cause overflow). For root hubs,
	 * maxpktsize is defined in hcd.c's fake endpoint descriptors
	 * to be big enough for at least USB_MAXCHILDREN ports. */
	pipe = usb_rcvintpipe(hdev, endpoint->bEndpointAddress);
	maxp = usb_maxpacket(hdev, pipe, usb_pipeout(pipe));

	if (maxp > sizeof(*hub->buffer))
		maxp = sizeof(*hub->buffer);

	hub->urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!hub->urb) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}

	usb_fill_int_urb(hub->urb, hdev, pipe, *hub->buffer, maxp, hub_irq,
		hub, endpoint->bInterval);

	/* maybe cycle the hub leds */
	if (hub->has_indicators && blinkenlights)
		hub->indicator[0] = INDICATOR_CYCLE;

	mutex_lock(&usb_port_peer_mutex);
	for (i = 0; i < maxchild; i++) {
		ret = usb_hub_create_port_device(hub, i + 1);
		if (ret < 0) {
			dev_err(hub->intfdev,
				"couldn't create port%d device.\n", i + 1);
			break;
		}
	}
	hdev->maxchild = i;
	for (i = 0; i < hdev->maxchild; i++) {
		struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[i];

		pm_runtime_put(&port_dev->dev);
	}

	mutex_unlock(&usb_port_peer_mutex);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto fail;

	/* Update the HCD's internal representation of this hub before hub_wq
	 * starts getting port status changes for devices under the hub.
	 */
	if (hcd->driver->update_hub_device) {
		ret = hcd->driver->update_hub_device(hcd, hdev,
				&hub->tt, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (ret < 0) {
			message = "can't update HCD hub info";
			goto fail;
		}
	}

	usb_hub_adjust_deviceremovable(hdev, hub->descriptor);

	hub_activate(hub, HUB_INIT);
	return 0;

fail:
	dev_err(hub_dev, "config failed, %s (err %d)\n",
			message, ret);
	/* hub_disconnect() frees urb and descriptor */
	return ret;
}

static void hub_release(struct kref *kref)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = container_of(kref, struct usb_hub, kref);

	usb_put_dev(hub->hdev);
	usb_put_intf(to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev));
	kfree(hub);
}

static unsigned highspeed_hubs;

static void hub_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
	struct usb_device *hdev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);
	int port1;

	/*
	 * Stop adding new hub events. We do not want to block here and thus
	 * will not try to remove any pending work item.
	 */
	hub->disconnected = 1;

	/* Disconnect all children and quiesce the hub */
	hub->error = 0;
	hub_quiesce(hub, HUB_DISCONNECT);

	mutex_lock(&usb_port_peer_mutex);

	/* Avoid races with recursively_mark_NOTATTACHED() */
	spin_lock_irq(&device_state_lock);
	port1 = hdev->maxchild;
	hdev->maxchild = 0;
	usb_set_intfdata(intf, NULL);
	spin_unlock_irq(&device_state_lock);

	for (; port1 > 0; --port1)
		usb_hub_remove_port_device(hub, port1);

	mutex_unlock(&usb_port_peer_mutex);

	if (hub->hdev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
		highspeed_hubs--;

	usb_free_urb(hub->urb);
	kfree(hub->ports);
	kfree(hub->descriptor);
	kfree(hub->status);
	kfree(hub->buffer);

	pm_suspend_ignore_children(&intf->dev, false);
	kref_put(&hub->kref, hub_release);
}

static bool hub_descriptor_is_sane(struct usb_host_interface *desc)
{
	/* Some hubs have a subclass of 1, which AFAICT according to the */
	/*  specs is not defined, but it works */
	if (desc->desc.bInterfaceSubClass != 0 &&
	    desc->desc.bInterfaceSubClass != 1)
		return false;

	/* Multiple endpoints? What kind of mutant ninja-hub is this? */
	if (desc->desc.bNumEndpoints != 1)
		return false;

	/* If the first endpoint is not interrupt IN, we'd better punt! */
	if (!usb_endpoint_is_int_in(&desc->endpoint[0].desc))
		return false;

        return true;
}

static int hub_probe(struct usb_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
	struct usb_host_interface *desc;
	struct usb_device *hdev;
	struct usb_hub *hub;

	desc = intf->cur_altsetting;
	hdev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);

	/*
	 * Set default autosuspend delay as 0 to speedup bus suspend,
	 * based on the below considerations:
	 *
	 * - Unlike other drivers, the hub driver does not rely on the
	 *   autosuspend delay to provide enough time to handle a wakeup
	 *   event, and the submitted status URB is just to check future
	 *   change on hub downstream ports, so it is safe to do it.
	 *
	 * - The patch might cause one or more auto supend/resume for
	 *   below very rare devices when they are plugged into hub
	 *   first time:
	 *
	 *   	devices having trouble initializing, and disconnect
	 *   	themselves from the bus and then reconnect a second
	 *   	or so later
	 *
	 *   	devices just for downloading firmware, and disconnects
	 *   	themselves after completing it
	 *
	 *   For these quite rare devices, their drivers may change the
	 *   autosuspend delay of their parent hub in the probe() to one
	 *   appropriate value to avoid the subtle problem if someone
	 *   does care it.
	 *
	 * - The patch may cause one or more auto suspend/resume on
	 *   hub during running 'lsusb', but it is probably too
	 *   infrequent to worry about.
	 *
	 * - Change autosuspend delay of hub can avoid unnecessary auto
	 *   suspend timer for hub, also may decrease power consumption
	 *   of USB bus.
	 *
	 * - If user has indicated to prevent autosuspend by passing
	 *   usbcore.autosuspend = -1 then keep autosuspend disabled.
	 */
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
	if (hdev->dev.power.autosuspend_delay >= 0)
		pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(&hdev->dev, 0);
#endif

	/*
	 * Hubs have proper suspend/resume support, except for root hubs
	 * where the controller driver doesn't have bus_suspend and
	 * bus_resume methods.
	 */
	if (hdev->parent) {		/* normal device */
		usb_enable_autosuspend(hdev);
	} else {			/* root hub */
		const struct hc_driver *drv = bus_to_hcd(hdev->bus)->driver;

		if (drv->bus_suspend && drv->bus_resume)
			usb_enable_autosuspend(hdev);
	}

	if (hdev->level == MAX_TOPO_LEVEL) {
		dev_err(&intf->dev,
			"Unsupported bus topology: hub nested too deep\n");
		return -E2BIG;
	}

#ifdef	CONFIG_USB_OTG_BLACKLIST_HUB
	if (hdev->parent) {
		dev_warn(&intf->dev, "ignoring external hub\n");
		return -ENODEV;
	}
#endif

	if (!hub_descriptor_is_sane(desc)) {
		dev_err(&intf->dev, "bad descriptor, ignoring hub\n");
		return -EIO;
	}

	/* We found a hub */
	dev_info(&intf->dev, "USB hub found\n");

	hub = kzalloc(sizeof(*hub), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!hub)
		return -ENOMEM;

	kref_init(&hub->kref);
	hub->intfdev = &intf->dev;
	hub->hdev = hdev;
	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&hub->leds, led_work);
	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&hub->init_work, NULL);
	INIT_WORK(&hub->events, hub_event);
	usb_get_intf(intf);
	usb_get_dev(hdev);

	usb_set_intfdata(intf, hub);
	intf->needs_remote_wakeup = 1;
	pm_suspend_ignore_children(&intf->dev, true);

	if (hdev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
		highspeed_hubs++;

	if (id->driver_info & HUB_QUIRK_CHECK_PORT_AUTOSUSPEND)
		hub->quirk_check_port_auto_suspend = 1;

	if (hub_configure(hub, &desc->endpoint[0].desc) >= 0)
		return 0;

	hub_disconnect(intf);
	return -ENODEV;
}

static int
hub_ioctl(struct usb_interface *intf, unsigned int code, void *user_data)
{
	struct usb_device *hdev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(hdev);

	/* assert ifno == 0 (part of hub spec) */
	switch (code) {
	case USBDEVFS_HUB_PORTINFO: {
		struct usbdevfs_hub_portinfo *info = user_data;
		int i;

		spin_lock_irq(&device_state_lock);
		if (hdev->devnum <= 0)
			info->nports = 0;
		else {
			info->nports = hdev->maxchild;
			for (i = 0; i < info->nports; i++) {
				if (hub->ports[i]->child == NULL)
					info->port[i] = 0;
				else
					info->port[i] =
						hub->ports[i]->child->devnum;
			}
		}
		spin_unlock_irq(&device_state_lock);

		return info->nports + 1;
		}

	default:
		return -ENOSYS;
	}
}

/*
 * Allow user programs to claim ports on a hub.  When a device is attached
 * to one of these "claimed" ports, the program will "own" the device.
 */
static int find_port_owner(struct usb_device *hdev, unsigned port1,
		struct usb_dev_state ***ppowner)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(hdev);

	if (hdev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED)
		return -ENODEV;
	if (port1 == 0 || port1 > hdev->maxchild)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* Devices not managed by the hub driver
	 * will always have maxchild equal to 0.
	 */
	*ppowner = &(hub->ports[port1 - 1]->port_owner);
	return 0;
}

/* In the following three functions, the caller must hold hdev's lock */
int usb_hub_claim_port(struct usb_device *hdev, unsigned port1,
		       struct usb_dev_state *owner)
{
	int rc;
	struct usb_dev_state **powner;

	rc = find_port_owner(hdev, port1, &powner);
	if (rc)
		return rc;
	if (*powner)
		return -EBUSY;
	*powner = owner;
	return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_hub_claim_port);

int usb_hub_release_port(struct usb_device *hdev, unsigned port1,
			 struct usb_dev_state *owner)
{
	int rc;
	struct usb_dev_state **powner;

	rc = find_port_owner(hdev, port1, &powner);
	if (rc)
		return rc;
	if (*powner != owner)
		return -ENOENT;
	*powner = NULL;
	return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_hub_release_port);

void usb_hub_release_all_ports(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_dev_state *owner)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(hdev);
	int n;

	for (n = 0; n < hdev->maxchild; n++) {
		if (hub->ports[n]->port_owner == owner)
			hub->ports[n]->port_owner = NULL;
	}

}

/* The caller must hold udev's lock */
bool usb_device_is_owned(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub;

	if (udev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED || !udev->parent)
		return false;
	hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);
	return !!hub->ports[udev->portnum - 1]->port_owner;
}

static void recursively_mark_NOTATTACHED(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev);
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < udev->maxchild; ++i) {
		if (hub->ports[i]->child)
			recursively_mark_NOTATTACHED(hub->ports[i]->child);
	}
	if (udev->state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED)
		udev->active_duration -= jiffies;
	udev->state = USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED;
}

/**
 * usb_set_device_state - change a device's current state (usbcore, hcds)
 * @udev: pointer to device whose state should be changed
 * @new_state: new state value to be stored
 *
 * udev->state is _not_ fully protected by the device lock.  Although
 * most transitions are made only while holding the lock, the state can
 * can change to USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED at almost any time.  This
 * is so that devices can be marked as disconnected as soon as possible,
 * without having to wait for any semaphores to be released.  As a result,
 * all changes to any device's state must be protected by the
 * device_state_lock spinlock.
 *
 * Once a device has been added to the device tree, all changes to its state
 * should be made using this routine.  The state should _not_ be set directly.
 *
 * If udev->state is already USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED then no change is made.
 * Otherwise udev->state is set to new_state, and if new_state is
 * USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED then all of udev's descendants' states are also set
 * to USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED.
 */
void usb_set_device_state(struct usb_device *udev,
		enum usb_device_state new_state)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int wakeup = -1;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&device_state_lock, flags);
	if (udev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED)
		;	/* do nothing */
	else if (new_state != USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED) {

		/* root hub wakeup capabilities are managed out-of-band
		 * and may involve silicon errata ... ignore them here.
		 */
		if (udev->parent) {
			if (udev->state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED
					|| new_state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED)
				;	/* No change to wakeup settings */
			else if (new_state == USB_STATE_CONFIGURED)
				wakeup = (udev->quirks &
					USB_QUIRK_IGNORE_REMOTE_WAKEUP) ? 0 :
					udev->actconfig->desc.bmAttributes &
					USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP;
			else
				wakeup = 0;
		}
		if (udev->state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED &&
			new_state != USB_STATE_SUSPENDED)
			udev->active_duration -= jiffies;
		else if (new_state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED &&
				udev->state != USB_STATE_SUSPENDED)
			udev->active_duration += jiffies;
		udev->state = new_state;
	} else
		recursively_mark_NOTATTACHED(udev);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&device_state_lock, flags);
	if (wakeup >= 0)
		device_set_wakeup_capable(&udev->dev, wakeup);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_set_device_state);

/*
 * Choose a device number.
 *
 * Device numbers are used as filenames in usbfs.  On USB-1.1 and
 * USB-2.0 buses they are also used as device addresses, however on
 * USB-3.0 buses the address is assigned by the controller hardware
 * and it usually is not the same as the device number.
 *
 * WUSB devices are simple: they have no hubs behind, so the mapping
 * device <-> virtual port number becomes 1:1. Why? to simplify the
 * life of the device connection logic in
 * drivers/usb/wusbcore/devconnect.c. When we do the initial secret
 * handshake we need to assign a temporary address in the unauthorized
 * space. For simplicity we use the first virtual port number found to
 * be free [drivers/usb/wusbcore/devconnect.c:wusbhc_devconnect_ack()]
 * and that becomes it's address [X < 128] or its unauthorized address
 * [X | 0x80].
 *
 * We add 1 as an offset to the one-based USB-stack port number
 * (zero-based wusb virtual port index) for two reasons: (a) dev addr
 * 0 is reserved by USB for default address; (b) Linux's USB stack
 * uses always #1 for the root hub of the controller. So USB stack's
 * port #1, which is wusb virtual-port #0 has address #2.
 *
 * Devices connected under xHCI are not as simple.  The host controller
 * supports virtualization, so the hardware assigns device addresses and
 * the HCD must setup data structures before issuing a set address
 * command to the hardware.
 */
static void choose_devnum(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	int		devnum;
	struct usb_bus	*bus = udev->bus;

	/* be safe when more hub events are proceed in parallel */
	mutex_lock(&bus->devnum_next_mutex);
	if (udev->wusb) {
		devnum = udev->portnum + 1;
		BUG_ON(test_bit(devnum, bus->devmap.devicemap));
	} else {
		/* Try to allocate the next devnum beginning at
		 * bus->devnum_next. */
		devnum = find_next_zero_bit(bus->devmap.devicemap, 128,
					    bus->devnum_next);
		if (devnum >= 128)
			devnum = find_next_zero_bit(bus->devmap.devicemap,
						    128, 1);
		bus->devnum_next = (devnum >= 127 ? 1 : devnum + 1);
	}
	if (devnum < 128) {
		set_bit(devnum, bus->devmap.devicemap);
		udev->devnum = devnum;
	}
	mutex_unlock(&bus->devnum_next_mutex);
}

static void release_devnum(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	if (udev->devnum > 0) {
		clear_bit(udev->devnum, udev->bus->devmap.devicemap);
		udev->devnum = -1;
	}
}

static void update_devnum(struct usb_device *udev, int devnum)
{
	/* The address for a WUSB device is managed by wusbcore. */
	if (!udev->wusb)
		udev->devnum = devnum;
}

static void hub_free_dev(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hcd *hcd = bus_to_hcd(udev->bus);

	/* Root hubs aren't real devices, so don't free HCD resources */
	if (hcd->driver->free_dev && udev->parent)
		hcd->driver->free_dev(hcd, udev);
}

static void hub_disconnect_children(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev);
	int i;

	/* Free up all the children before we remove this device */
	for (i = 0; i < udev->maxchild; i++) {
		if (hub->ports[i]->child)
			usb_disconnect(&hub->ports[i]->child);
	}
}

/**
 * usb_disconnect - disconnect a device (usbcore-internal)
 * @pdev: pointer to device being disconnected
 * Context: !in_interrupt ()
 *
 * Something got disconnected. Get rid of it and all of its children.
 *
 * If *pdev is a normal device then the parent hub must already be locked.
 * If *pdev is a root hub then the caller must hold the usb_bus_idr_lock,
 * which protects the set of root hubs as well as the list of buses.
 *
 * Only hub drivers (including virtual root hub drivers for host
 * controllers) should ever call this.
 *
 * This call is synchronous, and may not be used in an interrupt context.
 */
void usb_disconnect(struct usb_device **pdev)
{
	struct usb_port *port_dev = NULL;
	struct usb_device *udev = *pdev;
	struct usb_hub *hub = NULL;
	int port1 = 1;

	/* mark the device as inactive, so any further urb submissions for
	 * this device (and any of its children) will fail immediately.
	 * this quiesces everything except pending urbs.
	 */
	usb_set_device_state(udev, USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED);
	dev_info(&udev->dev, "USB disconnect, device number %d\n",
			udev->devnum);

	/*
	 * Ensure that the pm runtime code knows that the USB device
	 * is in the process of being disconnected.
	 */
	pm_runtime_barrier(&udev->dev);

	usb_lock_device(udev);

	hub_disconnect_children(udev);

	/* deallocate hcd/hardware state ... nuking all pending urbs and
	 * cleaning up all state associated with the current configuration
	 * so that the hardware is now fully quiesced.
	 */
	dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "unregistering device\n");
	usb_disable_device(udev, 0);
	usb_hcd_synchronize_unlinks(udev);

	if (udev->parent) {
		port1 = udev->portnum;
		hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);
		port_dev = hub->ports[port1 - 1];

		sysfs_remove_link(&udev->dev.kobj, "port");
		sysfs_remove_link(&port_dev->dev.kobj, "device");

		/*
		 * As usb_port_runtime_resume() de-references udev, make
		 * sure no resumes occur during removal
		 */
		if (!test_and_set_bit(port1, hub->child_usage_bits))
			pm_runtime_get_sync(&port_dev->dev);
	}

	usb_remove_ep_devs(&udev->ep0);
	usb_unlock_device(udev);

	/* Unregister the device.  The device driver is responsible
	 * for de-configuring the device and invoking the remove-device
	 * notifier chain (used by usbfs and possibly others).
	 */
	device_del(&udev->dev);

	/* Free the device number and delete the parent's children[]
	 * (or root_hub) pointer.
	 */
	release_devnum(udev);

	/* Avoid races with recursively_mark_NOTATTACHED() */
	spin_lock_irq(&device_state_lock);
	*pdev = NULL;
	spin_unlock_irq(&device_state_lock);

	if (port_dev && test_and_clear_bit(port1, hub->child_usage_bits))
		pm_runtime_put(&port_dev->dev);

	hub_free_dev(udev);

	put_device(&udev->dev);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_USB_ANNOUNCE_NEW_DEVICES
static void show_string(struct usb_device *udev, char *id, char *string)
{
	if (!string)
		return;
	dev_info(&udev->dev, "%s: %s\n", id, string);
}

static void announce_device(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	dev_info(&udev->dev, "New USB device found, idVendor=%04x, idProduct=%04x\n",
		le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idVendor),
		le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idProduct));
	dev_info(&udev->dev,
		"New USB device strings: Mfr=%d, Product=%d, SerialNumber=%d\n",
		udev->descriptor.iManufacturer,
		udev->descriptor.iProduct,
		udev->descriptor.iSerialNumber);
	show_string(udev, "Product", udev->product);
	show_string(udev, "Manufacturer", udev->manufacturer);
	show_string(udev, "SerialNumber", udev->serial);
}
#else
static inline void announce_device(struct usb_device *udev) { }
#endif


/**
 * usb_enumerate_device_otg - FIXME (usbcore-internal)
 * @udev: newly addressed device (in ADDRESS state)
 *
 * Finish enumeration for On-The-Go devices
 *
 * Return: 0 if successful. A negative error code otherwise.
 */
static int usb_enumerate_device_otg(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	int err = 0;

#ifdef	CONFIG_USB_OTG
	/*
	 * OTG-aware devices on OTG-capable root hubs may be able to use SRP,
	 * to wake us after we've powered off VBUS; and HNP, switching roles
	 * "host" to "peripheral".  The OTG descriptor helps figure this out.
	 */
	if (!udev->bus->is_b_host
			&& udev->config
			&& udev->parent == udev->bus->root_hub) {
		struct usb_otg_descriptor	*desc = NULL;
		struct usb_bus			*bus = udev->bus;
		unsigned			port1 = udev->portnum;

		/* descriptor may appear anywhere in config */
		err = __usb_get_extra_descriptor(udev->rawdescriptors[0],
				le16_to_cpu(udev->config[0].desc.wTotalLength),
				USB_DT_OTG, (void **) &desc);
		if (err || !(desc->bmAttributes & USB_OTG_HNP))
			return 0;

		dev_info(&udev->dev, "Dual-Role OTG device on %sHNP port\n",
					(port1 == bus->otg_port) ? "" : "non-");

		/* enable HNP before suspend, it's simpler */
		if (port1 == bus->otg_port) {
			bus->b_hnp_enable = 1;
			err = usb_control_msg(udev,
				usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, 0,
				USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE,
				0, NULL, 0,
				USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
			if (err < 0) {
				/*
				 * OTG MESSAGE: report errors here,
				 * customize to match your product.
				 */
				dev_err(&udev->dev, "can't set HNP mode: %d\n",
									err);
				bus->b_hnp_enable = 0;
			}
		} else if (desc->bLength == sizeof
				(struct usb_otg_descriptor)) {
			/* Set a_alt_hnp_support for legacy otg device */
			err = usb_control_msg(udev,
				usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, 0,
				USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT,
				0, NULL, 0,
				USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
			if (err < 0)
				dev_err(&udev->dev,
					"set a_alt_hnp_support failed: %d\n",
					err);
		}
	}
#endif
	return err;
}


/**
 * usb_enumerate_device - Read device configs/intfs/otg (usbcore-internal)
 * @udev: newly addressed device (in ADDRESS state)
 *
 * This is only called by usb_new_device() and usb_authorize_device()
 * and FIXME -- all comments that apply to them apply here wrt to
 * environment.
 *
 * If the device is WUSB and not authorized, we don't attempt to read
 * the string descriptors, as they will be errored out by the device
 * until it has been authorized.
 *
 * Return: 0 if successful. A negative error code otherwise.
 */
static int usb_enumerate_device(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	int err;
	struct usb_hcd *hcd = bus_to_hcd(udev->bus);

	if (udev->config == NULL) {
		err = usb_get_configuration(udev);
		if (err < 0) {
			if (err != -ENODEV)
				dev_err(&udev->dev, "can't read configurations, error %d\n",
						err);
			return err;
		}
	}

	/* read the standard strings and cache them if present */
	udev->product = usb_cache_string(udev, udev->descriptor.iProduct);
	udev->manufacturer = usb_cache_string(udev,
					      udev->descriptor.iManufacturer);
	udev->serial = usb_cache_string(udev, udev->descriptor.iSerialNumber);

	err = usb_enumerate_device_otg(udev);
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_USB_OTG_WHITELIST) && hcd->tpl_support &&
		!is_targeted(udev)) {
		/* Maybe it can talk to us, though we can't talk to it.
		 * (Includes HNP test device.)
		 */
		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_USB_OTG) && (udev->bus->b_hnp_enable
			|| udev->bus->is_b_host)) {
			err = usb_port_suspend(udev, PMSG_AUTO_SUSPEND);
			if (err < 0)
				dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "HNP fail, %d\n", err);
		}
		return -ENOTSUPP;
	}

	usb_detect_interface_quirks(udev);

	return 0;
}

static void set_usb_port_removable(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_device *hdev = udev->parent;
	struct usb_hub *hub;
	u8 port = udev->portnum;
	u16 wHubCharacteristics;
	bool removable = true;

	if (!hdev)
		return;

	hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);

	/*
	 * If the platform firmware has provided information about a port,
	 * use that to determine whether it's removable.
	 */
	switch (hub->ports[udev->portnum - 1]->connect_type) {
	case USB_PORT_CONNECT_TYPE_HOT_PLUG:
		udev->removable = USB_DEVICE_REMOVABLE;
		return;
	case USB_PORT_CONNECT_TYPE_HARD_WIRED:
	case USB_PORT_NOT_USED:
		udev->removable = USB_DEVICE_FIXED;
		return;
	default:
		break;
	}

	/*
	 * Otherwise, check whether the hub knows whether a port is removable
	 * or not
	 */
	wHubCharacteristics = le16_to_cpu(hub->descriptor->wHubCharacteristics);

	if (!(wHubCharacteristics & HUB_CHAR_COMPOUND))
		return;

	if (hub_is_superspeed(hdev)) {
		if (le16_to_cpu(hub->descriptor->u.ss.DeviceRemovable)
				& (1 << port))
			removable = false;
	} else {
		if (hub->descriptor->u.hs.DeviceRemovable[port / 8] & (1 << (port % 8)))
			removable = false;
	}

	if (removable)
		udev->removable = USB_DEVICE_REMOVABLE;
	else
		udev->removable = USB_DEVICE_FIXED;

}

/**
 * usb_new_device - perform initial device setup (usbcore-internal)
 * @udev: newly addressed device (in ADDRESS state)
 *
 * This is called with devices which have been detected but not fully
 * enumerated.  The device descriptor is available, but not descriptors
 * for any device configuration.  The caller must have locked either
 * the parent hub (if udev is a normal device) or else the
 * usb_bus_idr_lock (if udev is a root hub).  The parent's pointer to
 * udev has already been installed, but udev is not yet visible through
 * sysfs or other filesystem code.
 *
 * This call is synchronous, and may not be used in an interrupt context.
 *
 * Only the hub driver or root-hub registrar should ever call this.
 *
 * Return: Whether the device is configured properly or not. Zero if the
 * interface was registered with the driver core; else a negative errno
 * value.
 *
 */
int usb_new_device(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	int err;

	if (udev->parent) {
		/* Initialize non-root-hub device wakeup to disabled;
		 * device (un)configuration controls wakeup capable
		 * sysfs power/wakeup controls wakeup enabled/disabled
		 */
		device_init_wakeup(&udev->dev, 0);
	}

	/* Tell the runtime-PM framework the device is active */
	pm_runtime_set_active(&udev->dev);
	pm_runtime_get_noresume(&udev->dev);
	pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(&udev->dev);
	pm_runtime_enable(&udev->dev);

	/* By default, forbid autosuspend for all devices.  It will be
	 * allowed for hubs during binding.
	 */
	usb_disable_autosuspend(udev);

	err = usb_enumerate_device(udev);	/* Read descriptors */
	if (err < 0)
		goto fail;
	dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "udev %d, busnum %d, minor = %d\n",
			udev->devnum, udev->bus->busnum,
			(((udev->bus->busnum-1) * 128) + (udev->devnum-1)));
	/* export the usbdev device-node for libusb */
	udev->dev.devt = MKDEV(USB_DEVICE_MAJOR,
			(((udev->bus->busnum-1) * 128) + (udev->devnum-1)));

	/* Tell the world! */
	announce_device(udev);

	if (udev->serial)
		add_device_randomness(udev->serial, strlen(udev->serial));
	if (udev->product)
		add_device_randomness(udev->product, strlen(udev->product));
	if (udev->manufacturer)
		add_device_randomness(udev->manufacturer,
				      strlen(udev->manufacturer));

	device_enable_async_suspend(&udev->dev);

	/* check whether the hub or firmware marks this port as non-removable */
	if (udev->parent)
		set_usb_port_removable(udev);

	/* Register the device.  The device driver is responsible
	 * for configuring the device and invoking the add-device
	 * notifier chain (used by usbfs and possibly others).
	 */
	err = device_add(&udev->dev);
	if (err) {
		dev_err(&udev->dev, "can't device_add, error %d\n", err);
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Create link files between child device and usb port device. */
	if (udev->parent) {
		struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);
		int port1 = udev->portnum;
		struct usb_port	*port_dev = hub->ports[port1 - 1];

		err = sysfs_create_link(&udev->dev.kobj,
				&port_dev->dev.kobj, "port");
		if (err)
			goto fail;

		err = sysfs_create_link(&port_dev->dev.kobj,
				&udev->dev.kobj, "device");
		if (err) {
			sysfs_remove_link(&udev->dev.kobj, "port");
			goto fail;
		}

		if (!test_and_set_bit(port1, hub->child_usage_bits))
			pm_runtime_get_sync(&port_dev->dev);
	}

	(void) usb_create_ep_devs(&udev->dev, &udev->ep0, udev);
	usb_mark_last_busy(udev);
	pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend(&udev->dev);
	return err;

fail:
	usb_set_device_state(udev, USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED);
	pm_runtime_disable(&udev->dev);
	pm_runtime_set_suspended(&udev->dev);
	return err;
}


/**
 * usb_deauthorize_device - deauthorize a device (usbcore-internal)
 * @usb_dev: USB device
 *
 * Move the USB device to a very basic state where interfaces are disabled
 * and the device is in fact unconfigured and unusable.
 *
 * We share a lock (that we have) with device_del(), so we need to
 * defer its call.
 *
 * Return: 0.
 */
int usb_deauthorize_device(struct usb_device *usb_dev)
{
	usb_lock_device(usb_dev);
	if (usb_dev->authorized == 0)
		goto out_unauthorized;

	usb_dev->authorized = 0;
	usb_set_configuration(usb_dev, -1);

out_unauthorized:
	usb_unlock_device(usb_dev);
	return 0;
}


int usb_authorize_device(struct usb_device *usb_dev)
{
	int result = 0, c;

	usb_lock_device(usb_dev);
	if (usb_dev->authorized == 1)
		goto out_authorized;

	result = usb_autoresume_device(usb_dev);
	if (result < 0) {
		dev_err(&usb_dev->dev,
			"can't autoresume for authorization: %d\n", result);
		goto error_autoresume;
	}

	if (usb_dev->wusb) {
		result = usb_get_device_descriptor(usb_dev, sizeof(usb_dev->descriptor));
		if (result < 0) {
			dev_err(&usb_dev->dev, "can't re-read device descriptor for "
				"authorization: %d\n", result);
			goto error_device_descriptor;
		}
	}

	usb_dev->authorized = 1;
	/* Choose and set the configuration.  This registers the interfaces
	 * with the driver core and lets interface drivers bind to them.
	 */
	c = usb_choose_configuration(usb_dev);
	if (c >= 0) {
		result = usb_set_configuration(usb_dev, c);
		if (result) {
			dev_err(&usb_dev->dev,
				"can't set config #%d, error %d\n", c, result);
			/* This need not be fatal.  The user can try to
			 * set other configurations. */
		}
	}
	dev_info(&usb_dev->dev, "authorized to connect\n");

error_device_descriptor:
	usb_autosuspend_device(usb_dev);
error_autoresume:
out_authorized:
	usb_unlock_device(usb_dev);	/* complements locktree */
	return result;
}

/*
 * Return 1 if port speed is SuperSpeedPlus, 0 otherwise
 * check it from the link protocol field of the current speed ID attribute.
 * current speed ID is got from ext port status request. Sublink speed attribute
 * table is returned with the hub BOS SSP device capability descriptor
 */
static int port_speed_is_ssp(struct usb_device *hdev, int speed_id)
{
	int ssa_count;
	u32 ss_attr;
	int i;
	struct usb_ssp_cap_descriptor *ssp_cap = hdev->bos->ssp_cap;

	if (!ssp_cap)
		return 0;

	ssa_count = le32_to_cpu(ssp_cap->bmAttributes) &
		USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBS;

	for (i = 0; i <= ssa_count; i++) {
		ss_attr = le32_to_cpu(ssp_cap->bmSublinkSpeedAttr[i]);
		if (speed_id == (ss_attr & USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_SSID))
			return !!(ss_attr & USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LP);
	}
	return 0;
}

/* Returns 1 if @hub is a WUSB root hub, 0 otherwise */
static unsigned hub_is_wusb(struct usb_hub *hub)
{
	struct usb_hcd *hcd;
	if (hub->hdev->parent != NULL)  /* not a root hub? */
		return 0;
	hcd = bus_to_hcd(hub->hdev->bus);
	return hcd->wireless;
}


#define PORT_RESET_TRIES	5
#define SET_ADDRESS_TRIES	2
#define GET_DESCRIPTOR_TRIES	2
#define SET_CONFIG_TRIES	(2 * (use_both_schemes + 1))
#define USE_NEW_SCHEME(i)	((i) / 2 == (int)old_scheme_first)

#define HUB_ROOT_RESET_TIME	50	/* times are in msec */
#define HUB_SHORT_RESET_TIME	10
#define HUB_BH_RESET_TIME	50
#define HUB_LONG_RESET_TIME	200
#define HUB_RESET_TIMEOUT	800

/*
 * "New scheme" enumeration causes an extra state transition to be
 * exposed to an xhci host and causes USB3 devices to receive control
 * commands in the default state.  This has been seen to cause
 * enumeration failures, so disable this enumeration scheme for USB3
 * devices.
 */
static bool use_new_scheme(struct usb_device *udev, int retry)
{
	if (udev->speed >= USB_SPEED_SUPER)
		return false;

	return USE_NEW_SCHEME(retry);
}

/* Is a USB 3.0 port in the Inactive or Compliance Mode state?
 * Port worm reset is required to recover
 */
static bool hub_port_warm_reset_required(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1,
		u16 portstatus)
{
	u16 link_state;

	if (!hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev))
		return false;

	if (test_bit(port1, hub->warm_reset_bits))
		return true;

	link_state = portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_LINK_STATE;
	return link_state == USB_SS_PORT_LS_SS_INACTIVE
		|| link_state == USB_SS_PORT_LS_COMP_MOD;
}

static int hub_port_wait_reset(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1,
			struct usb_device *udev, unsigned int delay, bool warm)
{
	int delay_time, ret;
	u16 portstatus;
	u16 portchange;
	u32 ext_portstatus = 0;

	for (delay_time = 0;
			delay_time < HUB_RESET_TIMEOUT;
			delay_time += delay) {
		/* wait to give the device a chance to reset */
		msleep(delay);

		/* read and decode port status */
		if (hub_is_superspeedplus(hub->hdev))
			ret = hub_ext_port_status(hub, port1,
						  HUB_EXT_PORT_STATUS,
						  &portstatus, &portchange,
						  &ext_portstatus);
		else
			ret = hub_port_status(hub, port1, &portstatus,
					      &portchange);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;

		/*
		 * The port state is unknown until the reset completes.
		 *
		 * On top of that, some chips may require additional time
		 * to re-establish a connection after the reset is complete,
		 * so also wait for the connection to be re-established.
		 */
		if (!(portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_RESET) &&
		    (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION))
			break;

		/* switch to the long delay after two short delay failures */
		if (delay_time >= 2 * HUB_SHORT_RESET_TIME)
			delay = HUB_LONG_RESET_TIME;

		dev_dbg(&hub->ports[port1 - 1]->dev,
				"not %sreset yet, waiting %dms\n",
				warm ? "warm " : "", delay);
	}

	if ((portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_RESET))
		return -EBUSY;

	if (hub_port_warm_reset_required(hub, port1, portstatus))
		return -ENOTCONN;

	/* Device went away? */
	if (!(portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION))
		return -ENOTCONN;

	/* bomb out completely if the connection bounced.  A USB 3.0
	 * connection may bounce if multiple warm resets were issued,
	 * but the device may have successfully re-connected. Ignore it.
	 */
	if (!hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev) &&
			(portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_CONNECTION))
		return -ENOTCONN;

	if (!(portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_ENABLE))
		return -EBUSY;

	if (!udev)
		return 0;

	if (hub_is_wusb(hub))
		udev->speed = USB_SPEED_WIRELESS;
	else if (hub_is_superspeedplus(hub->hdev) &&
		 port_speed_is_ssp(hub->hdev, ext_portstatus &
				   USB_EXT_PORT_STAT_RX_SPEED_ID))
		udev->speed = USB_SPEED_SUPER_PLUS;
	else if (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev))
		udev->speed = USB_SPEED_SUPER;
	else if (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_HIGH_SPEED)
		udev->speed = USB_SPEED_HIGH;
	else if (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_LOW_SPEED)
		udev->speed = USB_SPEED_LOW;
	else
		udev->speed = USB_SPEED_FULL;
	return 0;
}

/* Handle port reset and port warm(BH) reset (for USB3 protocol ports) */
static int hub_port_reset(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1,
			struct usb_device *udev, unsigned int delay, bool warm)
{
	int i, status;
	u16 portchange, portstatus;
	struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[port1 - 1];

	if (!hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev)) {
		if (warm) {
			dev_err(hub->intfdev, "only USB3 hub support "
						"warm reset\n");
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		/* Block EHCI CF initialization during the port reset.
		 * Some companion controllers don't like it when they mix.
		 */
		down_read(&ehci_cf_port_reset_rwsem);
	} else if (!warm) {
		/*
		 * If the caller hasn't explicitly requested a warm reset,
		 * double check and see if one is needed.
		 */
		if (hub_port_status(hub, port1, &portstatus, &portchange) == 0)
			if (hub_port_warm_reset_required(hub, port1,
							portstatus))
				warm = true;
	}
	clear_bit(port1, hub->warm_reset_bits);

	/* Reset the port */
	for (i = 0; i < PORT_RESET_TRIES; i++) {
		status = set_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1, (warm ?
					USB_PORT_FEAT_BH_PORT_RESET :
					USB_PORT_FEAT_RESET));
		if (status == -ENODEV) {
			;	/* The hub is gone */
		} else if (status) {
			dev_err(&port_dev->dev,
					"cannot %sreset (err = %d)\n",
					warm ? "warm " : "", status);
		} else {
			status = hub_port_wait_reset(hub, port1, udev, delay,
								warm);
			if (status && status != -ENOTCONN && status != -ENODEV)
				dev_dbg(hub->intfdev,
						"port_wait_reset: err = %d\n",
						status);
		}

		/* Check for disconnect or reset */
		if (status == 0 || status == -ENOTCONN || status == -ENODEV) {
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_RESET);

			if (!hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev))
				goto done;

			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_BH_PORT_RESET);
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_PORT_LINK_STATE);
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION);

			/*
			 * If a USB 3.0 device migrates from reset to an error
			 * state, re-issue the warm reset.
			 */
			if (hub_port_status(hub, port1,
					&portstatus, &portchange) < 0)
				goto done;

			if (!hub_port_warm_reset_required(hub, port1,
					portstatus))
				goto done;

			/*
			 * If the port is in SS.Inactive or Compliance Mode, the
			 * hot or warm reset failed.  Try another warm reset.
			 */
			if (!warm) {
				dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev,
						"hot reset failed, warm reset\n");
				warm = true;
			}
		}

		dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev,
				"not enabled, trying %sreset again...\n",
				warm ? "warm " : "");
		delay = HUB_LONG_RESET_TIME;
	}

	dev_err(&port_dev->dev, "Cannot enable. Maybe the USB cable is bad?\n");

done:
	if (status == 0) {
		/* TRSTRCY = 10 ms; plus some extra */
		msleep(10 + 40);
		if (udev) {
			struct usb_hcd *hcd = bus_to_hcd(udev->bus);

			update_devnum(udev, 0);
			/* The xHC may think the device is already reset,
			 * so ignore the status.
			 */
			if (hcd->driver->reset_device)
				hcd->driver->reset_device(hcd, udev);

			usb_set_device_state(udev, USB_STATE_DEFAULT);
		}
	} else {
		if (udev)
			usb_set_device_state(udev, USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED);
	}

	if (!hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev))
		up_read(&ehci_cf_port_reset_rwsem);

	return status;
}

/* Check if a port is power on */
static int port_is_power_on(struct usb_hub *hub, unsigned portstatus)
{
	int ret = 0;

	if (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev)) {
		if (portstatus & USB_SS_PORT_STAT_POWER)
			ret = 1;
	} else {
		if (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_POWER)
			ret = 1;
	}

	return ret;
}

static void usb_lock_port(struct usb_port *port_dev)
		__acquires(&port_dev->status_lock)
{
	mutex_lock(&port_dev->status_lock);
	__acquire(&port_dev->status_lock);
}

static void usb_unlock_port(struct usb_port *port_dev)
		__releases(&port_dev->status_lock)
{
	mutex_unlock(&port_dev->status_lock);
	__release(&port_dev->status_lock);
}

#ifdef	CONFIG_PM

/* Check if a port is suspended(USB2.0 port) or in U3 state(USB3.0 port) */
static int port_is_suspended(struct usb_hub *hub, unsigned portstatus)
{
	int ret = 0;

	if (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev)) {
		if ((portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_LINK_STATE)
				== USB_SS_PORT_LS_U3)
			ret = 1;
	} else {
		if (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_SUSPEND)
			ret = 1;
	}

	return ret;
}

/* Determine whether the device on a port is ready for a normal resume,
 * is ready for a reset-resume, or should be disconnected.
 */
static int check_port_resume_type(struct usb_device *udev,
		struct usb_hub *hub, int port1,
		int status, u16 portchange, u16 portstatus)
{
	struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[port1 - 1];
	int retries = 3;

 retry:
	/* Is a warm reset needed to recover the connection? */
	if (status == 0 && udev->reset_resume
		&& hub_port_warm_reset_required(hub, port1, portstatus)) {
		/* pass */;
	}
	/* Is the device still present? */
	else if (status || port_is_suspended(hub, portstatus) ||
			!port_is_power_on(hub, portstatus)) {
		if (status >= 0)
			status = -ENODEV;
	} else if (!(portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION)) {
		if (retries--) {
			usleep_range(200, 300);
			status = hub_port_status(hub, port1, &portstatus,
							     &portchange);
			goto retry;
		}
		status = -ENODEV;
	}

	/* Can't do a normal resume if the port isn't enabled,
	 * so try a reset-resume instead.
	 */
	else if (!(portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_ENABLE) && !udev->reset_resume) {
		if (udev->persist_enabled)
			udev->reset_resume = 1;
		else
			status = -ENODEV;
	}

	if (status) {
		dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev, "status %04x.%04x after resume, %d\n",
				portchange, portstatus, status);
	} else if (udev->reset_resume) {

		/* Late port handoff can set status-change bits */
		if (portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_CONNECTION)
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION);
		if (portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_ENABLE)
			usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_ENABLE);
	}

	return status;
}

int usb_disable_ltm(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hcd *hcd = bus_to_hcd(udev->bus);

	/* Check if the roothub and device supports LTM. */
	if (!usb_device_supports_ltm(hcd->self.root_hub) ||
			!usb_device_supports_ltm(udev))
		return 0;

	/* Clear Feature LTM Enable can only be sent if the device is
	 * configured.
	 */
	if (!udev->actconfig)
		return 0;

	return usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
			USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
			USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE, 0, NULL, 0,
			USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_disable_ltm);

void usb_enable_ltm(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hcd *hcd = bus_to_hcd(udev->bus);

	/* Check if the roothub and device supports LTM. */
	if (!usb_device_supports_ltm(hcd->self.root_hub) ||
			!usb_device_supports_ltm(udev))
		return;

	/* Set Feature LTM Enable can only be sent if the device is
	 * configured.
	 */
	if (!udev->actconfig)
		return;

	usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
			USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
			USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE, 0, NULL, 0,
			USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_enable_ltm);

/*
 * usb_enable_remote_wakeup - enable remote wakeup for a device
 * @udev: target device
 *
 * For USB-2 devices: Set the device's remote wakeup feature.
 *
 * For USB-3 devices: Assume there's only one function on the device and
 * enable remote wake for the first interface.  FIXME if the interface
 * association descriptor shows there's more than one function.
 */
static int usb_enable_remote_wakeup(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	if (udev->speed < USB_SPEED_SUPER)
		return usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
				USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP, 0, NULL, 0,
				USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
	else
		return usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
				USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND,
				USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW |
					USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP,
				NULL, 0, USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
}

/*
 * usb_disable_remote_wakeup - disable remote wakeup for a device
 * @udev: target device
 *
 * For USB-2 devices: Clear the device's remote wakeup feature.
 *
 * For USB-3 devices: Assume there's only one function on the device and
 * disable remote wake for the first interface.  FIXME if the interface
 * association descriptor shows there's more than one function.
 */
static int usb_disable_remote_wakeup(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	if (udev->speed < USB_SPEED_SUPER)
		return usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
				USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP, 0, NULL, 0,
				USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
	else
		return usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE, USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
				USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND,	0, NULL, 0,
				USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
}

/* Count of wakeup-enabled devices at or below udev */
static unsigned wakeup_enabled_descendants(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev);

	return udev->do_remote_wakeup +
			(hub ? hub->wakeup_enabled_descendants : 0);
}

/*
 * usb_port_suspend - suspend a usb device's upstream port
 * @udev: device that's no longer in active use, not a root hub
 * Context: must be able to sleep; device not locked; pm locks held
 *
 * Suspends a USB device that isn't in active use, conserving power.
 * Devices may wake out of a suspend, if anything important happens,
 * using the remote wakeup mechanism.  They may also be taken out of
 * suspend by the host, using usb_port_resume().  It's also routine
 * to disconnect devices while they are suspended.
 *
 * This only affects the USB hardware for a device; its interfaces
 * (and, for hubs, child devices) must already have been suspended.
 *
 * Selective port suspend reduces power; most suspended devices draw
 * less than 500 uA.  It's also used in OTG, along with remote wakeup.
 * All devices below the suspended port are also suspended.
 *
 * Devices leave suspend state when the host wakes them up.  Some devices
 * also support "remote wakeup", where the device can activate the USB
 * tree above them to deliver data, such as a keypress or packet.  In
 * some cases, this wakes the USB host.
 *
 * Suspending OTG devices may trigger HNP, if that's been enabled
 * between a pair of dual-role devices.  That will change roles, such
 * as from A-Host to A-Peripheral or from B-Host back to B-Peripheral.
 *
 * Devices on USB hub ports have only one "suspend" state, corresponding
 * to ACPI D2, "may cause the device to lose some context".
 * State transitions include:
 *
 *   - suspend, resume ... when the VBUS power link stays live
 *   - suspend, disconnect ... VBUS lost
 *
 * Once VBUS drop breaks the circuit, the port it's using has to go through
 * normal re-enumeration procedures, starting with enabling VBUS power.
 * Other than re-initializing the hub (plug/unplug, except for root hubs),
 * Linux (2.6) currently has NO mechanisms to initiate that:  no hub_wq
 * timer, no SRP, no requests through sysfs.
 *
 * If Runtime PM isn't enabled or used, non-SuperSpeed devices may not get
 * suspended until their bus goes into global suspend (i.e., the root
 * hub is suspended).  Nevertheless, we change @udev->state to
 * USB_STATE_SUSPENDED as this is the device's "logical" state.  The actual
 * upstream port setting is stored in @udev->port_is_suspended.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success, else negative errno.
 */
int usb_port_suspend(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg)
{
	struct usb_hub	*hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);
	struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[udev->portnum - 1];
	int		port1 = udev->portnum;
	int		status;
	bool		really_suspend = true;

	usb_lock_port(port_dev);

	/* enable remote wakeup when appropriate; this lets the device
	 * wake up the upstream hub (including maybe the root hub).
	 *
	 * NOTE:  OTG devices may issue remote wakeup (or SRP) even when
	 * we don't explicitly enable it here.
	 */
	if (udev->do_remote_wakeup) {
		status = usb_enable_remote_wakeup(udev);
		if (status) {
			dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "won't remote wakeup, status %d\n",
					status);
			/* bail if autosuspend is requested */
			if (PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg))
				goto err_wakeup;
		}
	}

	/* disable USB2 hardware LPM */
	if (udev->usb2_hw_lpm_enabled == 1)
		usb_set_usb2_hardware_lpm(udev, 0);

	if (usb_disable_ltm(udev)) {
		dev_err(&udev->dev, "Failed to disable LTM before suspend\n.");
		status = -ENOMEM;
		if (PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg))
			goto err_ltm;
	}

	/* see 7.1.7.6 */
	if (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev))
		status = hub_set_port_link_state(hub, port1, USB_SS_PORT_LS_U3);

	/*
	 * For system suspend, we do not need to enable the suspend feature
	 * on individual USB-2 ports.  The devices will automatically go
	 * into suspend a few ms after the root hub stops sending packets.
	 * The USB 2.0 spec calls this "global suspend".
	 *
	 * However, many USB hubs have a bug: They don't relay wakeup requests
	 * from a downstream port if the port's suspend feature isn't on.
	 * Therefore we will turn on the suspend feature if udev or any of its
	 * descendants is enabled for remote wakeup.
	 */
	else if (PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg) || wakeup_enabled_descendants(udev) > 0)
		status = set_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
				USB_PORT_FEAT_SUSPEND);
	else {
		really_suspend = false;
		status = 0;
	}
	if (status) {
		dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev, "can't suspend, status %d\n", status);

		/* Try to enable USB3 LTM again */
		usb_enable_ltm(udev);
 err_ltm:
		/* Try to enable USB2 hardware LPM again */
		if (udev->usb2_hw_lpm_capable == 1)
			usb_set_usb2_hardware_lpm(udev, 1);

		if (udev->do_remote_wakeup)
			(void) usb_disable_remote_wakeup(udev);
 err_wakeup:

		/* System sleep transitions should never fail */
		if (!PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg))
			status = 0;
	} else {
		dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "usb %ssuspend, wakeup %d\n",
				(PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg) ? "auto-" : ""),
				udev->do_remote_wakeup);
		if (really_suspend) {
			udev->port_is_suspended = 1;

			/* device has up to 10 msec to fully suspend */
			msleep(10);
		}
		usb_set_device_state(udev, USB_STATE_SUSPENDED);
	}

	if (status == 0 && !udev->do_remote_wakeup && udev->persist_enabled
			&& test_and_clear_bit(port1, hub->child_usage_bits))
		pm_runtime_put_sync(&port_dev->dev);

	usb_mark_last_busy(hub->hdev);

	usb_unlock_port(port_dev);
	return status;
}

/*
 * If the USB "suspend" state is in use (rather than "global suspend"),
 * many devices will be individually taken out of suspend state using
 * special "resume" signaling.  This routine kicks in shortly after
 * hardware resume signaling is finished, either because of selective
 * resume (by host) or remote wakeup (by device) ... now see what changed
 * in the tree that's rooted at this device.
 *
 * If @udev->reset_resume is set then the device is reset before the
 * status check is done.
 */
static int finish_port_resume(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	int	status = 0;
	u16	devstatus = 0;

	/* caller owns the udev device lock */
	dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "%s\n",
		udev->reset_resume ? "finish reset-resume" : "finish resume");

	/* usb ch9 identifies four variants of SUSPENDED, based on what
	 * state the device resumes to.  Linux currently won't see the
	 * first two on the host side; they'd be inside hub_port_init()
	 * during many timeouts, but hub_wq can't suspend until later.
	 */
	usb_set_device_state(udev, udev->actconfig
			? USB_STATE_CONFIGURED
			: USB_STATE_ADDRESS);

	/* 10.5.4.5 says not to reset a suspended port if the attached
	 * device is enabled for remote wakeup.  Hence the reset
	 * operation is carried out here, after the port has been
	 * resumed.
	 */
	if (udev->reset_resume) {
		/*
		 * If the device morphs or switches modes when it is reset,
		 * we don't want to perform a reset-resume.  We'll fail the
		 * resume, which will cause a logical disconnect, and then
		 * the device will be rediscovered.
		 */
 retry_reset_resume:
		if (udev->quirks & USB_QUIRK_RESET)
			status = -ENODEV;
		else
			status = usb_reset_and_verify_device(udev);
	}

	/* 10.5.4.5 says be sure devices in the tree are still there.
	 * For now let's assume the device didn't go crazy on resume,
	 * and device drivers will know about any resume quirks.
	 */
	if (status == 0) {
		devstatus = 0;
		status = usb_get_status(udev, USB_RECIP_DEVICE, 0, &devstatus);

		/* If a normal resume failed, try doing a reset-resume */
		if (status && !udev->reset_resume && udev->persist_enabled) {
			dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "retry with reset-resume\n");
			udev->reset_resume = 1;
			goto retry_reset_resume;
		}
	}

	if (status) {
		dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "gone after usb resume? status %d\n",
				status);
	/*
	 * There are a few quirky devices which violate the standard
	 * by claiming to have remote wakeup enabled after a reset,
	 * which crash if the feature is cleared, hence check for
	 * udev->reset_resume
	 */
	} else if (udev->actconfig && !udev->reset_resume) {
		if (udev->speed < USB_SPEED_SUPER) {
			if (devstatus & (1 << USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP))
				status = usb_disable_remote_wakeup(udev);
		} else {
			status = usb_get_status(udev, USB_RECIP_INTERFACE, 0,
					&devstatus);
			if (!status && devstatus & (USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP
					| USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW))
				status = usb_disable_remote_wakeup(udev);
		}

		if (status)
			dev_dbg(&udev->dev,
				"disable remote wakeup, status %d\n",
				status);
		status = 0;
	}
	return status;
}

/*
 * There are some SS USB devices which take longer time for link training.
 * XHCI specs 4.19.4 says that when Link training is successful, port
 * sets CCS bit to 1. So if SW reads port status before successful link
 * training, then it will not find device to be present.
 * USB Analyzer log with such buggy devices show that in some cases
 * device switch on the RX termination after long delay of host enabling
 * the VBUS. In few other cases it has been seen that device fails to
 * negotiate link training in first attempt. It has been
 * reported till now that few devices take as long as 2000 ms to train
 * the link after host enabling its VBUS and termination. Following
 * routine implements a 2000 ms timeout for link training. If in a case
 * link trains before timeout, loop will exit earlier.
 *
 * There are also some 2.0 hard drive based devices and 3.0 thumb
 * drives that, when plugged into a 2.0 only port, take a long
 * time to set CCS after VBUS enable.
 *
 * FIXME: If a device was connected before suspend, but was removed
 * while system was asleep, then the loop in the following routine will
 * only exit at timeout.
 *
 * This routine should only be called when persist is enabled.
 */
static int wait_for_connected(struct usb_device *udev,
		struct usb_hub *hub, int *port1,
		u16 *portchange, u16 *portstatus)
{
	int status = 0, delay_ms = 0;

	while (delay_ms < 2000) {
		if (status || *portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION)
			break;
		msleep(20);
		delay_ms += 20;
		status = hub_port_status(hub, *port1, portstatus, portchange);
	}
	dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "Waited %dms for CONNECT\n", delay_ms);
	return status;
}

/*
 * usb_port_resume - re-activate a suspended usb device's upstream port
 * @udev: device to re-activate, not a root hub
 * Context: must be able to sleep; device not locked; pm locks held
 *
 * This will re-activate the suspended device, increasing power usage
 * while letting drivers communicate again with its endpoints.
 * USB resume explicitly guarantees that the power session between
 * the host and the device is the same as it was when the device
 * suspended.
 *
 * If @udev->reset_resume is set then this routine won't check that the
 * port is still enabled.  Furthermore, finish_port_resume() above will
 * reset @udev.  The end result is that a broken power session can be
 * recovered and @udev will appear to persist across a loss of VBUS power.
 *
 * For example, if a host controller doesn't maintain VBUS suspend current
 * during a system sleep or is reset when the system wakes up, all the USB
 * power sessions below it will be broken.  This is especially troublesome
 * for mass-storage devices containing mounted filesystems, since the
 * device will appear to have disconnected and all the memory mappings
 * to it will be lost.  Using the USB_PERSIST facility, the device can be
 * made to appear as if it had not disconnected.
 *
 * This facility can be dangerous.  Although usb_reset_and_verify_device() makes
 * every effort to insure that the same device is present after the
 * reset as before, it cannot provide a 100% guarantee.  Furthermore it's
 * quite possible for a device to remain unaltered but its media to be
 * changed.  If the user replaces a flash memory card while the system is
 * asleep, he will have only himself to blame when the filesystem on the
 * new card is corrupted and the system crashes.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success, else negative errno.
 */
int usb_port_resume(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg)
{
	struct usb_hub	*hub = usb_hub_to_struct_hub(udev->parent);
	struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[udev->portnum  - 1];
	int		port1 = udev->portnum;
	int		status;
	u16		portchange, portstatus;

	if (!test_and_set_bit(port1, hub->child_usage_bits)) {
		status = pm_runtime_get_sync(&port_dev->dev);
		if (status < 0) {
			dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "can't resume usb port, status %d\n",
					status);
			return status;
		}
	}

	usb_lock_port(port_dev);

	/* Skip the initial Clear-Suspend step for a remote wakeup */
	status = hub_port_status(hub, port1, &portstatus, &portchange);
	if (status == 0 && !port_is_suspended(hub, portstatus))
		goto SuspendCleared;

	/* see 7.1.7.7; affects power usage, but not budgeting */
	if (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev))
		status = hub_set_port_link_state(hub, port1, USB_SS_PORT_LS_U0);
	else
		status = usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev,
				port1, USB_PORT_FEAT_SUSPEND);
	if (status) {
		dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev, "can't resume, status %d\n", status);
	} else {
		/* drive resume for USB_RESUME_TIMEOUT msec */
		dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "usb %sresume\n",
				(PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg) ? "auto-" : ""));
		msleep(USB_RESUME_TIMEOUT);

		/* Virtual root hubs can trigger on GET_PORT_STATUS to
		 * stop resume signaling.  Then finish the resume
		 * sequence.
		 */
		status = hub_port_status(hub, port1, &portstatus, &portchange);

		/* TRSMRCY = 10 msec */
		msleep(10);
	}

 SuspendCleared:
	if (status == 0) {
		udev->port_is_suspended = 0;
		if (hub_is_superspeed(hub->hdev)) {
			if (portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_LINK_STATE)
				usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_C_PORT_LINK_STATE);
		} else {
			if (portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_SUSPEND)
				usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
						USB_PORT_FEAT_C_SUSPEND);
		}
	}

	if (udev->persist_enabled)
		status = wait_for_connected(udev, hub, &port1, &portchange,
				&portstatus);

	status = check_port_resume_type(udev,
			hub, port1, status, portchange, portstatus);
	if (status == 0)
		status = finish_port_resume(udev);
	if (status < 0) {
		dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "can't resume, status %d\n", status);
		hub_port_logical_disconnect(hub, port1);
	} else  {
		/* Try to enable USB2 hardware LPM */
		if (udev->usb2_hw_lpm_capable == 1)
			usb_set_usb2_hardware_lpm(udev, 1);

		/* Try to enable USB3 LTM */
		usb_enable_ltm(udev);
	}

	usb_unlock_port(port_dev);

	return status;
}

int usb_remote_wakeup(struct usb_device *udev)
{
	int	status = 0;

	usb_lock_device(udev);
	if (udev->state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
		dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "usb %sresume\n", "wakeup-");
		status = usb_autoresume_device(udev);
		if (status == 0) {
			/* Let the drivers do their thing, then... */
			usb_autosuspend_device(udev);
		}
	}
	usb_unlock_device(udev);
	return status;
}

/* Returns 1 if there was a remote wakeup and a connect status change. */
static int hub_handle_remote_wakeup(struct usb_hub *hub, unsigned int port,
		u16 portstatus, u16 portchange)
		__must_hold(&port_dev->status_lock)
{
	struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[port - 1];
	struct usb_device *hdev;
	struct usb_device *udev;
	int connect_change = 0;
	int ret;

	hdev = hub->hdev;
	udev = port_dev->child;
	if (!hub_is_superspeed(hdev)) {
		if (!(portchange & USB_PORT_STAT_C_SUSPEND))
			return 0;
		usb_clear_port_feature(hdev, port, USB_PORT_FEAT_C_SUSPEND);
	} else {
		if (!udev || udev->state != USB_STATE_SUSPENDED ||
				 (portstatus & USB_PORT_STAT_LINK_STATE) !=
				 USB_SS_PORT_LS_U0)
			return 0;
	}

	if (udev) {
		/* TRSMRCY = 10 msec */
		msleep(10);

		usb_unlock_port(port_dev);
		ret = usb_remote_wakeup(udev);
		usb_lock_port(port_dev);
		if (ret < 0)
			connect_change = 1;
	} else {
		ret = -ENODEV;
		hub_port_disable(hub, port, 1);
	}
	dev_dbg(&port_dev->dev, "resume, status %d\n", ret);
	return connect_change;
}

static int check_ports_changed(struct usb_hub *hub)
{
	int port1;

	for (port1 = 1; port1 <= hub->hdev->maxchild; ++port1) {
		u16 portstatus, portchange;
		int status;

		status = hub_port_status(hub, port1, &portstatus, &portchange);
		if (!status && portchange)
			return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int hub_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t msg)
{
	struct usb_hub		*hub = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
	struct usb_device	*hdev = hub->hdev;
	unsigned		port1;
	int			status;

	/*
	 * Warn if children aren't already suspended.
	 * Also, add up the number of wakeup-enabled descendants.
	 */
	hub->wakeup_enabled_descendants = 0;
	for (port1 = 1; port1 <= hdev->maxchild; port1++) {
		struct usb_port *port_dev = hub->ports[port1 - 1];
		struct usb_device *udev = port_dev->child;

		if (udev && udev->can_submit) {
			dev_warn(&port_dev->dev, "device %s not suspended yet\n",
					dev_name(&udev->dev));
			if (PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg))
				return -EBUSY;
		}
		if (udev)
			hub->wakeup_enabled_descendants +=
					wakeup_enabled_descendants(udev);
	}

	if (hdev->do_remote_wakeup && hub->quirk_check_port_auto_suspend) {
		/* check if there are changes pending on hub ports */
		if (check_ports_changed(hub)) {
			if (PMSG_IS_AUTO(msg))
				return -EBUSY;
			pm_wakeup_event(&hdev->dev, 2000);
		}
	}

	if (hub_is_superspeed(hdev) && hdev->do_remote_wakeup) {
		/* Enable hub to send remote wakeup for all ports. */
		for (port1 = 1; port1 <= hdev->maxchild; port1++) {
			status = set_port_feature(hdev,
					port1 |
					USB_PORT_FEAT_REMOTE_WAKE_CONNECT |
					USB_PORT_FEAT_REMOTE_WAKE_DISCONNECT |
					USB_PORT_FEAT_REMOTE_WAKE_OVER_CURRENT,
					USB_PORT_FEAT_REMOTE_WAKE_MASK);
		}
	}

	dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "%s\n", __func__);

	/* stop hub_wq and related activity */
	hub_quiesce(hub, HUB_SUSPEND);
	return 0;
}

static int hub_resume(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_get_intfdata(intf);

	dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "%s\n", __func__);
	hub_activate(hub, HUB_RESUME);
	return 0;
}

static int hub_reset_resume(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
	struct usb_hub *hub = usb_get_intfdata(intf);

	dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "%s\n", __func__);
	hub_activate(hub, HUB_RESET_RESUME);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * usb_root_hub_lost_power - called by HCD if the root hub lost Vbus power
 * @rhdev: struct usb_device for the root hub
 *
 * The USB host controller driver calls this function when its root hub
 * is resumed and Vbus power has been interrupted or the controller
 * has been reset.  The routine marks @rhdev as having lost power.
 * When the hub driver is resumed it will take notice and carry out
 * power-session recovery for all the "USB-PERSIST"-enabled child devices;
 * the others will be disconnected.
 */
void usb_root_hub_lost_power(struct usb_device *rhdev)
{
	dev_warn(&rhdev->dev, "root hub lost power or was reset\n");
	rhdev->reset_resume = 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_root_hub_lost_power);

static const char * const usb3_lpm_names[]  = {
	"U0",
	"U1",
	"U2",
	"U3",
};

/*
 * Send a Set SEL control transfer to the device, prior to enabling
 * device-initiated U1 or U2.  This lets the device know the exit latencies from
 * the time the device initiates a U1 or U2 exit, to the time it will receive a
 * packet from the host.
 *
 * This function will fail if the SEL or PEL values for udev are greater than
 * the maximum allowed values for the link state to be enabled.
 */
static int usb_req_set_sel(struct usb_device *udev, enum usb3_link_state state)
{
	struct usb_set_sel_req *sel_values;
	unsigned long long u1_sel;
	unsigned long long u1_pel;
	unsigned long long u2_sel;
	unsigned long long u2_pel;
	int ret;

	if (udev->state != USB_STATE_CONFIGURED)
		return 0;

	/* Convert SEL and PEL stored in ns to us */
	u1_sel = DIV_ROUND_UP(udev->u1_params.sel, 1000);
	u1_pel = DIV_ROUND_UP(udev->u1_params.pel, 1000);
	u2_sel = DIV_ROUND_UP(udev->u2_params.sel, 1000);
	u2_pel = DIV_ROUND_UP(udev->u2_params.pel, 1000);

	/*
	 * Make sure that the calculated SEL and PEL values for the link
	 * state we're enabling aren't bigger than the max SEL/PEL
	 * value that will fit in the SET SEL control transfer.
	 * Otherwise the device would get an incorrect idea of the exit
	 * latency for the link state, and could start a device-initiated
	 * U1/U2 when the exit latencies are too high.
	 */
	if ((state == USB3_LPM_U1 &&
				(u1_sel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL ||
				 u1_pel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL)) ||
			(state == USB3_LPM_U2 &&
			 (u2_sel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL ||
			  u2_pel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL))) {
		dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "Device-initiated %s disabled due to long SEL %llu us or PEL %llu us\n",
				usb3_lpm_names[state], u1_sel, u1_pel);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/*
	 * If we're enabling device-initiated LPM for one link state,
	 * but the other link state has a too high SEL or PEL value,
	 * just set those values to the max in the Set SEL request.
	 */
	if (u1_sel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL)
		u1_sel = USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL;

	if (u1_pel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL)
		u1_pel = USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL;

	if (u2_sel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL)
		u2_sel = USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL;

	if (u2_pel > USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL)
		u2_pel = USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL;

	/*
	 * usb_enable_lpm() can be called as part of a failed device reset,
	 * which may be initiated by an error path of a mass storage driver.
	 * Therefore, use GFP_NOIO.
	 */
	sel_values = kmalloc(sizeof *(sel_values), GFP_NOIO);
	if (!sel_values)
		return -ENOMEM;

	sel_values->u1_sel = u1_sel;
	sel_values->u1_pel = u1_pel;
	sel_values->u2_sel = cpu_to_le16(u2_sel);
	sel_values->u2_pel = cpu_to_le16(u2_pel);

	ret = usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
			USB_REQ_SET_SEL,
			USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
			0, 0,
			sel_values, sizeof *(sel_values),
			USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
	kfree(sel_values);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Enable or disable device-initiated U1 or U2 transitions.
 */
static int usb_set_device_initiated_lpm(struct usb_device *udev,
		enum usb3_link_state state, bool enable)
{
	int ret;
	int feature;

	switch (state) {
	case USB3_LPM_U1:
		feature = USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE;
		break;
	case USB3_LPM_U2:
		feature = USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE;
		break;
	default:
		dev_warn(&udev->dev, "%s: Can't %s non-U1 or U2 state.\n",
				__func__, enable ? "enable" : "disable");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (udev->state != USB_STATE_CONFIGURED) {
		dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "%s: Can't %s %s state "
				"for unconfigured device.\n",
				__func__, enable ? "enable" : "disable",
				usb3_lpm_names[state]);
		return 0;
	}

	if (enable) {
		/*
		 * Now send the control transfer to enable device-initiated LPM
		 * for either U1 or U2.
		 */
		ret = usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE,
				USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
				feature,
				0, NULL, 0,
				USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
	} else {
		ret = usb_control_msg(udev, usb_sndctrlpipe(udev, 0),
				USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE,
				USB_RECIP_DEVICE,
				feature,
				0, NULL, 0,
				USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT);
	}
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_warn(&udev->dev, "%s of device-initiated %s failed.\n",
				enable ? "Enable" : "Disable",
				usb3_lpm_names[state]);
		return -EBUSY;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int usb_set_lpm_timeout(struct usb_device *udev,
		enum usb3_link_state state, int timeout)
{
	int ret;
	int feature;

	switch (state) {
	case USB3_LPM_U1:
		feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_U1_TIMEOUT;
		break;
	case USB3_LPM_U2:
		feature = USB_PORT_FEAT_U2_TIMEOUT;
		break;
	default:
		dev_warn(&udev->dev, "%s: Can't set timeout for non-U1 or U2 state.\n",
				__func__);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (state == USB3_LPM_U1 && timeout > USB3_LPM_U1_MAX_TIMEOUT &&
			timeout != USB3_LPM_DEVICE_INITIATED) {
		dev_warn(&udev->dev, "Failed to set %s timeout to 0x%x, "
				"which is a reserved value.\n",
				usb3_lpm_names[state], timeout);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ret = set_port_feature(udev->parent,
			USB_PORT_LPM_TIMEOUT(timeout) | udev->portnum,
			feature);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_warn(&udev->dev, "Failed to set %s timeout to 0x%x,"
				"error code %i\n", usb3_lpm_names[state],
				timeout, ret);
		return -EBUSY;
	}
	if (state == USB3_LPM_U1)
		udev->u1_params.timeout = timeout;
	else
		udev->u2_params.timeout = timeout;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Enable the hub-initiated U1/U2 idle timeouts, and enable device-initiated
 * U1/U2 entry.