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/*
 * SPI_PPC4XX SPI controller driver.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Gary Jennejohn <garyj@denx.de>
 * Copyright 2008 Stefan Roese <sr@denx.de>, DENX Software Engineering
 * Copyright 2009 Harris Corporation, Steven A. Falco <sfalco@harris.com>
 *
 * Based in part on drivers/spi/spi_s3c24xx.c
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Ben Dooks
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Simtec Electronics
 *	Ben Dooks <ben@simtec.co.uk>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute  it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
 * by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

/*
 * The PPC4xx SPI controller has no FIFO so each sent/received byte will
 * generate an interrupt to the CPU. This can cause high CPU utilization.
 * This driver allows platforms to reduce the interrupt load on the CPU
 * during SPI transfers by setting max_speed_hz via the device tree.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/of_address.h>
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
#include <linux/of_platform.h>
#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>

#include <linux/gpio.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi_bitbang.h>

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/dcr.h>
#include <asm/dcr-regs.h>

/* bits in mode register - bit 0 is MSb */

/*
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SCP = 0 means "data latched on trailing edge of clock"
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SCP = 1 means "data latched on leading edge of clock"
 * Note: This is the inverse of CPHA.
 */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SCP	(0x80 >> 3)

/* SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SPE = 1 means "port enabled" */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SPE	(0x80 >> 4)

/*
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_RD = 0 means "MSB first" - this is the normal mode
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_RD = 1 means "LSB first" - this is bit-reversed mode
 * Note: This is identical to SPI_LSB_FIRST.
 */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_RD	(0x80 >> 5)

/*
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_CI = 0 means "clock idles low"
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_CI = 1 means "clock idles high"
 * Note: This is identical to CPOL.
 */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_CI	(0x80 >> 6)

/*
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_IL = 0 means "loopback disable"
 * SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_IL = 1 means "loopback enable"
 */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_IL	(0x80 >> 7)

/* bits in control register */
/* starts a transfer when set */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_CR_STR	(0x80 >> 7)

/* bits in status register */
/* port is busy with a transfer */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_SR_BSY	(0x80 >> 6)
/* RxD ready */
#define SPI_PPC4XX_SR_RBR	(0x80 >> 7)

/* clock settings (SCP and CI) for various SPI modes */
#define SPI_CLK_MODE0	(SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SCP | 0)
#define SPI_CLK_MODE1	(0 | 0)
#define SPI_CLK_MODE2	(SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SCP | SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_CI)
#define SPI_CLK_MODE3	(0 | SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_CI)

#define DRIVER_NAME	"spi_ppc4xx_of"

struct spi_ppc4xx_regs {
	u8 mode;
	u8 rxd;
	u8 txd;
	u8 cr;
	u8 sr;
	u8 dummy;
	/*
	 * Clock divisor modulus register
	 * This uses the following formula:
	 *    SCPClkOut = OPBCLK/(4(CDM + 1))
	 * or
	 *    CDM = (OPBCLK/4*SCPClkOut) - 1
	 * bit 0 is the MSb!
	 */
	u8 cdm;
};

/* SPI Controller driver's private data. */
struct ppc4xx_spi {
	/* bitbang has to be first */
	struct spi_bitbang bitbang;
	struct completion done;

	u64 mapbase;
	u64 mapsize;
	int irqnum;
	/* need this to set the SPI clock */
	unsigned int opb_freq;

	/* for transfers */
	int len;
	int count;
	/* data buffers */
	const unsigned char *tx;
	unsigned char *rx;

	int *gpios;

	struct spi_ppc4xx_regs __iomem *regs; /* pointer to the registers */
	struct spi_master *master;
	struct device *dev;
};

/* need this so we can set the clock in the chipselect routine */
struct spi_ppc4xx_cs {
	u8 mode;
};

static int spi_ppc4xx_txrx(struct spi_device *spi, struct spi_transfer *t)
{
	struct ppc4xx_spi *hw;
	u8 data;

	dev_dbg(&spi->dev, "txrx: tx %p, rx %p, len %d\n",
		t->tx_buf, t->rx_buf, t->len);

	hw = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->master);

	hw->tx = t->tx_buf;
	hw->rx = t->rx_buf;
	hw->len = t->len;
	hw->count = 0;

	/* send the first byte */
	data = hw->tx ? hw->tx[0] : 0;
	out_8(&hw->regs->txd, data);
	out_8(&hw->regs->cr, SPI_PPC4XX_CR_STR);
	wait_for_completion(&hw->done);

	return hw->count;
}

static int spi_ppc4xx_setupxfer(struct spi_device *spi, struct spi_transfer *t)
{
	struct ppc4xx_spi *hw = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->master);
	struct spi_ppc4xx_cs *cs = spi->controller_state;
	int scr;
	u8 cdm = 0;
	u32 speed;
	u8 bits_per_word;

	/* Start with the generic configuration for this device. */
	bits_per_word = spi->bits_per_word;
	speed = spi->max_speed_hz;

	/*
	 * Modify the configuration if the transfer overrides it.  Do not allow
	 * the transfer to overwrite the generic configuration with zeros.
	 */
	if (t) {
		if (t->bits_per_word)
			bits_per_word = t->bits_per_word;

		if (t->speed_hz)
			speed = min(t->speed_hz, spi->max_speed_hz);
	}

	if (!speed || (speed > spi->max_speed_hz)) {
		dev_err(&spi->dev, "invalid speed_hz (%d)\n", speed);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Write new configuration */
	out_8(&hw->regs->mode, cs->mode);

	/* Set the clock */
	/* opb_freq was already divided by 4 */
	scr = (hw->opb_freq / speed) - 1;
	if (scr > 0)
		cdm = min(scr, 0xff);

	dev_dbg(&spi->dev, "setting pre-scaler to %d (hz %d)\n", cdm, speed);

	if (in_8(&hw->regs->cdm) != cdm)
		out_8(&hw->regs->cdm, cdm);

	mutex_lock(&hw->bitbang.lock);
	if (!hw->bitbang.busy) {
		hw->bitbang.chipselect(spi, BITBANG_CS_INACTIVE);
		/* Need to ndelay here? */
	}
	mutex_unlock(&hw->bitbang.lock);

	return 0;
}

static int spi_ppc4xx_setup(struct spi_device *spi)
{
	struct spi_ppc4xx_cs *cs = spi->controller_state;

	if (!spi->max_speed_hz) {
		dev_err(&spi->dev, "invalid max_speed_hz (must be non-zero)\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (cs == NULL) {
		cs = kzalloc(sizeof *cs, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!cs)
			return -ENOMEM;
		spi->controller_state = cs;
	}

	/*
	 * We set all bits of the SPI0_MODE register, so,
	 * no need to read-modify-write
	 */
	cs->mode = SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_SPE;

	switch (spi->mode & (SPI_CPHA | SPI_CPOL)) {
	case SPI_MODE_0:
		cs->mode |= SPI_CLK_MODE0;
		break;
	case SPI_MODE_1:
		cs->mode |= SPI_CLK_MODE1;
		break;
	case SPI_MODE_2:
		cs->mode |= SPI_CLK_MODE2;
		break;
	case SPI_MODE_3:
		cs->mode |= SPI_CLK_MODE3;
		break;
	}

	if (spi->mode & SPI_LSB_FIRST)
		cs->mode |= SPI_PPC4XX_MODE_RD;

	return 0;
}

static void spi_ppc4xx_chipsel(struct spi_device *spi, int value)
{
	struct ppc4xx_spi *hw = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->master);
	unsigned int cs = spi->chip_select;
	unsigned int cspol;

	/*
	 * If there are no chip selects at all, or if this is the special
	 * case of a non-existent (dummy) chip select, do nothing.
	 */

	if (!hw->master->num_chipselect || hw->gpios[cs] == -EEXIST)
		return;

	cspol = spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH ? 1 : 0;
	if (value == BITBANG_CS_INACTIVE)
		cspol = !cspol;

	gpio_set_value(hw->gpios[cs], cspol);
}

static irqreturn_t spi_ppc4xx_int(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct ppc4xx_spi *hw;
	u8 status;
	u8 data;
	unsigned int count;

	hw = (struct ppc4xx_spi *)dev_id;

	status = in_8(&hw->regs->sr);
	if (!status)
		return IRQ_NONE;

	/*
	 * BSY de-asserts one cycle after the transfer is complete.  The
	 * interrupt is asserted after the transfer is complete.  The exact
	 * relationship is not documented, hence this code.
	 */

	if (unlikely(status & SPI_PPC4XX_SR_BSY)) {
		u8 lstatus;
		int cnt = 0;

		dev_dbg(hw->dev, "got interrupt but spi still busy?\n");
		do {
			ndelay(10);
			lstatus = in_8(&hw->regs->sr);
		} while (++cnt < 100 && lstatus & SPI_PPC4XX_SR_BSY);

		if (cnt >= 100) {
			dev_err(hw->dev, "busywait: too many loops!\n");
			complete(&hw->done);
			return IRQ_HANDLED;
		} else {
			/* status is always 1 (RBR) here */
			status = in_8(&hw->regs->sr);
			dev_dbg(hw->dev, "loops %d status %x\n", cnt, status);
		}
	}

	count = hw->count;
	hw->count++;

	/* RBR triggered this interrupt.  Therefore, data must be ready. */
	data = in_8(&hw->regs->rxd);
	if (hw->rx)
		hw->rx[count] = data;

	count++;

	if (count < hw->len) {
		data = hw->tx ? hw->tx[count] : 0;
		out_8(&hw->regs->txd, data);
		out_8(&hw->regs->cr, SPI_PPC4XX_CR_STR);
	} else {
		complete(&hw->done);
	}

	return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

static void spi_ppc4xx_cleanup(struct spi_device *spi)
{
	kfree(spi->controller_state);
}

static void spi_ppc4xx_enable(struct ppc4xx_spi *hw)
{
	/*
	 * On all 4xx PPC's the SPI bus is shared/multiplexed with
	 * the 2nd I2C bus. We need to enable the the SPI bus before
	 * using it.
	 */

	/* need to clear bit 14 to enable SPC */
	dcri_clrset(SDR0, SDR0_PFC1, 0x80000000 >> 14, 0);
}

static void free_gpios(struct ppc4xx_spi *hw)
{
	if (hw->master->num_chipselect) {
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < hw->master->num_chipselect; i++)
			if (gpio_is_valid(hw->gpios[i]))
				gpio_free(hw->gpios[i]);

		kfree(hw->gpios);
		hw->gpios = NULL;
	}
}

/*
 * platform_device layer stuff...
 */
static int spi_ppc4xx_of_probe(struct platform_device *op)
{
	struct ppc4xx_spi *hw;
	struct spi_master *master;
	struct spi_bitbang *bbp;
	struct resource resource;
	struct device_node *np = op->dev.of_node;
	struct device *dev = &op->dev;
	struct device_node *opbnp;
	int ret;
	int num_gpios;
	const unsigned int *clk;

	master = spi_alloc_master(dev, sizeof *hw);
	if (master == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;
	master->dev.of_node = np;
	platform_set_drvdata(op, master);
	hw = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
	hw->master = master;
	hw->dev = dev;

	init_completion(&hw->done);

	/*
	 * A count of zero implies a single SPI device without any chip-select.
	 * Note that of_gpio_count counts all gpios assigned to this spi master.
	 * This includes both "null" gpio's and real ones.
	 */
	num_gpios = of_gpio_count(np);
	if (num_gpios > 0) {
		int i;

		hw->gpios = kcalloc(num_gpios, sizeof(*hw->gpios), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!hw->gpios) {
			ret = -ENOMEM;
			goto free_master;
		}

		for (i = 0; i < num_gpios; i++) {
			int gpio;
			enum of_gpio_flags flags;

			gpio = of_get_gpio_flags(np, i, &flags);
			hw->gpios[i] = gpio;

			if (gpio_is_valid(gpio)) {
				/* Real CS - set the initial state. */
				ret = gpio_request(gpio, np->name);
				if (ret < 0) {
					dev_err(dev,
						"can't request gpio #%d: %d\n",
						i, ret);
					goto free_gpios;
				}

				gpio_direction_output(gpio,
						!!(flags & OF_GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW));
			} else if (gpio == -EEXIST) {
				; /* No CS, but that's OK. */
			} else {
				dev_err(dev, "invalid gpio #%d: %d\n", i, gpio);
				ret = -EINVAL;
				goto free_gpios;
			}
		}
	}

	/* Setup the state for the bitbang driver */
	bbp = &hw->bitbang;
	bbp->master = hw->master;
	bbp->setup_transfer = spi_ppc4xx_setupxfer;
	bbp->chipselect = spi_ppc4xx_chipsel;
	bbp->txrx_bufs = spi_ppc4xx_txrx;
	bbp->use_dma = 0;
	bbp->master->setup = spi_ppc4xx_setup;
	bbp->master->cleanup = spi_ppc4xx_cleanup;
	bbp->master->bits_per_word_mask = SPI_BPW_MASK(8);

	/* the spi->mode bits understood by this driver: */
	bbp->master->mode_bits =
		SPI_CPHA | SPI_CPOL | SPI_CS_HIGH | SPI_LSB_FIRST;

	/* this many pins in all GPIO controllers */
	bbp->master->num_chipselect = num_gpios > 0 ? num_gpios : 0;

	/* Get the clock for the OPB */
	opbnp = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL, "ibm,opb");
	if (opbnp == NULL) {
		dev_err(dev, "OPB: cannot find node\n");
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto free_gpios;
	}
	/* Get the clock (Hz) for the OPB */
	clk = of_get_property(opbnp, "clock-frequency", NULL);
	if (clk == NULL) {
		dev_err(dev, "OPB: no clock-frequency property set\n");
		of_node_put(opbnp);
		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto free_gpios;
	}
	hw->opb_freq = *clk;
	hw->opb_freq >>= 2;
	of_node_put(opbnp);

	ret = of_address_to_resource(np, 0, &resource);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "error while parsing device node resource\n");
		goto free_gpios;
	}
	hw->mapbase = resource.start;
	hw->mapsize = resource_size(&resource);

	/* Sanity check */
	if (hw->mapsize < sizeof(struct spi_ppc4xx_regs)) {
		dev_err(dev, "too small to map registers\n");
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto free_gpios;
	}

	/* Request IRQ */
	hw->irqnum = irq_of_parse_and_map(np, 0);
	ret = request_irq(hw->irqnum, spi_ppc4xx_int,
			  0, "spi_ppc4xx_of", (void *)hw);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "unable to allocate interrupt\n");
		goto free_gpios;
	}

	if (!request_mem_region(hw->mapbase, hw->mapsize, DRIVER_NAME)) {
		dev_err(dev, "resource unavailable\n");
		ret = -EBUSY;
		goto request_mem_error;
	}

	hw->regs = ioremap(hw->mapbase, sizeof(struct spi_ppc4xx_regs));

	if (!hw->regs) {
		dev_err(dev, "unable to memory map registers\n");
		ret = -ENXIO;
		goto map_io_error;
	}

	spi_ppc4xx_enable(hw);

	/* Finally register our spi controller */
	dev->dma_mask = 0;
	ret = spi_bitbang_start(bbp);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "failed to register SPI master\n");
		goto unmap_regs;
	}

	dev_info(dev, "driver initialized\n");

	return 0;

unmap_regs:
	iounmap(hw->regs);
map_io_error:
	release_mem_region(hw->mapbase, hw->mapsize);
request_mem_error:
	free_irq(hw->irqnum, hw);
free_gpios:
	free_gpios(hw);
free_master:
	spi_master_put(master);

	dev_err(dev, "initialization failed\n");
	return ret;
}

static int spi_ppc4xx_of_remove(struct platform_device *op)
{
	struct spi_master *master = platform_get_drvdata(op);
	struct ppc4xx_spi *hw = spi_master_get_devdata(master);

	spi_bitbang_stop(&hw->bitbang);
	release_mem_region(hw->mapbase, hw->mapsize);
	free_irq(hw->irqnum, hw);
	iounmap(hw->regs);
	free_gpios(hw);
	spi_master_put(master);
	return 0;
}

static const struct of_device_id spi_ppc4xx_of_match[] = {
	{ .compatible = "ibm,ppc4xx-spi", },
	{},
};

MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, spi_ppc4xx_of_match);

static struct platform_driver spi_ppc4xx_of_driver = {
	.probe = spi_ppc4xx_of_probe,
	.remove = spi_ppc4xx_of_remove,
	.driver = {
		.name = DRIVER_NAME,
		.of_match_table = spi_ppc4xx_of_match,
	},
};
module_platform_driver(spi_ppc4xx_of_driver);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Gary Jennejohn & Stefan Roese");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Simple PPC4xx SPI Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");