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/*
 * drivers/mtd/nand/fsmc_nand.c
 *
 * ST Microelectronics
 * Flexible Static Memory Controller (FSMC)
 * Driver for NAND portions
 *
 * Copyright © 2010 ST Microelectronics
 * Vipin Kumar <vipin.kumar@st.com>
 * Ashish Priyadarshi
 *
 * Based on drivers/mtd/nand/nomadik_nand.c
 *
 * This file is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License version 2. This program is licensed "as is" without any
 * warranty of any kind, whether express or implied.
 */

#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
#include <linux/dma-direction.h>
#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/resource.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand_ecc.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/amba/bus.h>
#include <mtd/mtd-abi.h>

/* fsmc controller registers for NOR flash */
#define CTRL			0x0
	/* ctrl register definitions */
	#define BANK_ENABLE		(1 << 0)
	#define MUXED			(1 << 1)
	#define NOR_DEV			(2 << 2)
	#define WIDTH_8			(0 << 4)
	#define WIDTH_16		(1 << 4)
	#define RSTPWRDWN		(1 << 6)
	#define WPROT			(1 << 7)
	#define WRT_ENABLE		(1 << 12)
	#define WAIT_ENB		(1 << 13)

#define CTRL_TIM		0x4
	/* ctrl_tim register definitions */

#define FSMC_NOR_BANK_SZ	0x8
#define FSMC_NOR_REG_SIZE	0x40

#define FSMC_NOR_REG(base, bank, reg)		(base + \
						FSMC_NOR_BANK_SZ * (bank) + \
						reg)

/* fsmc controller registers for NAND flash */
#define PC			0x00
	/* pc register definitions */
	#define FSMC_RESET		(1 << 0)
	#define FSMC_WAITON		(1 << 1)
	#define FSMC_ENABLE		(1 << 2)
	#define FSMC_DEVTYPE_NAND	(1 << 3)
	#define FSMC_DEVWID_8		(0 << 4)
	#define FSMC_DEVWID_16		(1 << 4)
	#define FSMC_ECCEN		(1 << 6)
	#define FSMC_ECCPLEN_512	(0 << 7)
	#define FSMC_ECCPLEN_256	(1 << 7)
	#define FSMC_TCLR_1		(1)
	#define FSMC_TCLR_SHIFT		(9)
	#define FSMC_TCLR_MASK		(0xF)
	#define FSMC_TAR_1		(1)
	#define FSMC_TAR_SHIFT		(13)
	#define FSMC_TAR_MASK		(0xF)
#define STS			0x04
	/* sts register definitions */
	#define FSMC_CODE_RDY		(1 << 15)
#define COMM			0x08
	/* comm register definitions */
	#define FSMC_TSET_0		0
	#define FSMC_TSET_SHIFT		0
	#define FSMC_TSET_MASK		0xFF
	#define FSMC_TWAIT_6		6
	#define FSMC_TWAIT_SHIFT	8
	#define FSMC_TWAIT_MASK		0xFF
	#define FSMC_THOLD_4		4
	#define FSMC_THOLD_SHIFT	16
	#define FSMC_THOLD_MASK		0xFF
	#define FSMC_THIZ_1		1
	#define FSMC_THIZ_SHIFT		24
	#define FSMC_THIZ_MASK		0xFF
#define ATTRIB			0x0C
#define IOATA			0x10
#define ECC1			0x14
#define ECC2			0x18
#define ECC3			0x1C
#define FSMC_NAND_BANK_SZ	0x20

#define FSMC_NAND_REG(base, bank, reg)		(base + FSMC_NOR_REG_SIZE + \
						(FSMC_NAND_BANK_SZ * (bank)) + \
						reg)

#define FSMC_BUSY_WAIT_TIMEOUT	(1 * HZ)

struct fsmc_nand_timings {
	uint8_t tclr;
	uint8_t tar;
	uint8_t thiz;
	uint8_t thold;
	uint8_t twait;
	uint8_t tset;
};

enum access_mode {
	USE_DMA_ACCESS = 1,
	USE_WORD_ACCESS,
};

/**
 * struct fsmc_nand_data - structure for FSMC NAND device state
 *
 * @pid:		Part ID on the AMBA PrimeCell format
 * @mtd:		MTD info for a NAND flash.
 * @nand:		Chip related info for a NAND flash.
 * @partitions:		Partition info for a NAND Flash.
 * @nr_partitions:	Total number of partition of a NAND flash.
 *
 * @bank:		Bank number for probed device.
 * @clk:		Clock structure for FSMC.
 *
 * @read_dma_chan:	DMA channel for read access
 * @write_dma_chan:	DMA channel for write access to NAND
 * @dma_access_complete: Completion structure
 *
 * @data_pa:		NAND Physical port for Data.
 * @data_va:		NAND port for Data.
 * @cmd_va:		NAND port for Command.
 * @addr_va:		NAND port for Address.
 * @regs_va:		FSMC regs base address.
 */
struct fsmc_nand_data {
	u32			pid;
	struct nand_chip	nand;

	unsigned int		bank;
	struct device		*dev;
	enum access_mode	mode;
	struct clk		*clk;

	/* DMA related objects */
	struct dma_chan		*read_dma_chan;
	struct dma_chan		*write_dma_chan;
	struct completion	dma_access_complete;

	struct fsmc_nand_timings *dev_timings;

	dma_addr_t		data_pa;
	void __iomem		*data_va;
	void __iomem		*cmd_va;
	void __iomem		*addr_va;
	void __iomem		*regs_va;
};

static int fsmc_ecc1_ooblayout_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
				   struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
{
	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);

	if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
		return -ERANGE;

	oobregion->offset = (section * 16) + 2;
	oobregion->length = 3;

	return 0;
}

static int fsmc_ecc1_ooblayout_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
				    struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
{
	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);

	if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
		return -ERANGE;

	oobregion->offset = (section * 16) + 8;

	if (section < chip->ecc.steps - 1)
		oobregion->length = 8;
	else
		oobregion->length = mtd->oobsize - oobregion->offset;

	return 0;
}

static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops fsmc_ecc1_ooblayout_ops = {
	.ecc = fsmc_ecc1_ooblayout_ecc,
	.free = fsmc_ecc1_ooblayout_free,
};

/*
 * ECC placement definitions in oobfree type format.
 * There are 13 bytes of ecc for every 512 byte block and it has to be read
 * consecutively and immediately after the 512 byte data block for hardware to
 * generate the error bit offsets in 512 byte data.
 */
static int fsmc_ecc4_ooblayout_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
				   struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
{
	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);

	if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
		return -ERANGE;

	oobregion->length = chip->ecc.bytes;

	if (!section && mtd->writesize <= 512)
		oobregion->offset = 0;
	else
		oobregion->offset = (section * 16) + 2;

	return 0;
}

static int fsmc_ecc4_ooblayout_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
				    struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
{
	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);

	if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
		return -ERANGE;

	oobregion->offset = (section * 16) + 15;

	if (section < chip->ecc.steps - 1)
		oobregion->length = 3;
	else
		oobregion->length = mtd->oobsize - oobregion->offset;

	return 0;
}

static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops fsmc_ecc4_ooblayout_ops = {
	.ecc = fsmc_ecc4_ooblayout_ecc,
	.free = fsmc_ecc4_ooblayout_free,
};

static inline struct fsmc_nand_data *mtd_to_fsmc(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
	return container_of(mtd_to_nand(mtd), struct fsmc_nand_data, nand);
}

/*
 * fsmc_cmd_ctrl - For facilitaing Hardware access
 * This routine allows hardware specific access to control-lines(ALE,CLE)
 */
static void fsmc_cmd_ctrl(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd, unsigned int ctrl)
{
	struct nand_chip *this = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = mtd_to_fsmc(mtd);
	void __iomem *regs = host->regs_va;
	unsigned int bank = host->bank;

	if (ctrl & NAND_CTRL_CHANGE) {
		u32 pc;

		if (ctrl & NAND_CLE) {
			this->IO_ADDR_R = host->cmd_va;
			this->IO_ADDR_W = host->cmd_va;
		} else if (ctrl & NAND_ALE) {
			this->IO_ADDR_R = host->addr_va;
			this->IO_ADDR_W = host->addr_va;
		} else {
			this->IO_ADDR_R = host->data_va;
			this->IO_ADDR_W = host->data_va;
		}

		pc = readl(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));
		if (ctrl & NAND_NCE)
			pc |= FSMC_ENABLE;
		else
			pc &= ~FSMC_ENABLE;
		writel_relaxed(pc, FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));
	}

	mb();

	if (cmd != NAND_CMD_NONE)
		writeb_relaxed(cmd, this->IO_ADDR_W);
}

/*
 * fsmc_nand_setup - FSMC (Flexible Static Memory Controller) init routine
 *
 * This routine initializes timing parameters related to NAND memory access in
 * FSMC registers
 */
static void fsmc_nand_setup(void __iomem *regs, uint32_t bank,
			   uint32_t busw, struct fsmc_nand_timings *timings)
{
	uint32_t value = FSMC_DEVTYPE_NAND | FSMC_ENABLE | FSMC_WAITON;
	uint32_t tclr, tar, thiz, thold, twait, tset;
	struct fsmc_nand_timings *tims;
	struct fsmc_nand_timings default_timings = {
		.tclr	= FSMC_TCLR_1,
		.tar	= FSMC_TAR_1,
		.thiz	= FSMC_THIZ_1,
		.thold	= FSMC_THOLD_4,
		.twait	= FSMC_TWAIT_6,
		.tset	= FSMC_TSET_0,
	};

	if (timings)
		tims = timings;
	else
		tims = &default_timings;

	tclr = (tims->tclr & FSMC_TCLR_MASK) << FSMC_TCLR_SHIFT;
	tar = (tims->tar & FSMC_TAR_MASK) << FSMC_TAR_SHIFT;
	thiz = (tims->thiz & FSMC_THIZ_MASK) << FSMC_THIZ_SHIFT;
	thold = (tims->thold & FSMC_THOLD_MASK) << FSMC_THOLD_SHIFT;
	twait = (tims->twait & FSMC_TWAIT_MASK) << FSMC_TWAIT_SHIFT;
	tset = (tims->tset & FSMC_TSET_MASK) << FSMC_TSET_SHIFT;

	if (busw)
		writel_relaxed(value | FSMC_DEVWID_16,
				FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));
	else
		writel_relaxed(value | FSMC_DEVWID_8,
				FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));

	writel_relaxed(readl(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC)) | tclr | tar,
			FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));
	writel_relaxed(thiz | thold | twait | tset,
			FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, COMM));
	writel_relaxed(thiz | thold | twait | tset,
			FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ATTRIB));
}

/*
 * fsmc_enable_hwecc - Enables Hardware ECC through FSMC registers
 */
static void fsmc_enable_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int mode)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = mtd_to_fsmc(mtd);
	void __iomem *regs = host->regs_va;
	uint32_t bank = host->bank;

	writel_relaxed(readl(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC)) & ~FSMC_ECCPLEN_256,
			FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));
	writel_relaxed(readl(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC)) & ~FSMC_ECCEN,
			FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));
	writel_relaxed(readl(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC)) | FSMC_ECCEN,
			FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, PC));
}

/*
 * fsmc_read_hwecc_ecc4 - Hardware ECC calculator for ecc4 option supported by
 * FSMC. ECC is 13 bytes for 512 bytes of data (supports error correction up to
 * max of 8-bits)
 */
static int fsmc_read_hwecc_ecc4(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *data,
				uint8_t *ecc)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = mtd_to_fsmc(mtd);
	void __iomem *regs = host->regs_va;
	uint32_t bank = host->bank;
	uint32_t ecc_tmp;
	unsigned long deadline = jiffies + FSMC_BUSY_WAIT_TIMEOUT;

	do {
		if (readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, STS)) & FSMC_CODE_RDY)
			break;
		else
			cond_resched();
	} while (!time_after_eq(jiffies, deadline));

	if (time_after_eq(jiffies, deadline)) {
		dev_err(host->dev, "calculate ecc timed out\n");
		return -ETIMEDOUT;
	}

	ecc_tmp = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ECC1));
	ecc[0] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 0);
	ecc[1] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 8);
	ecc[2] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 16);
	ecc[3] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 24);

	ecc_tmp = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ECC2));
	ecc[4] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 0);
	ecc[5] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 8);
	ecc[6] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 16);
	ecc[7] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 24);

	ecc_tmp = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ECC3));
	ecc[8] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 0);
	ecc[9] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 8);
	ecc[10] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 16);
	ecc[11] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 24);

	ecc_tmp = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, STS));
	ecc[12] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 16);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * fsmc_read_hwecc_ecc1 - Hardware ECC calculator for ecc1 option supported by
 * FSMC. ECC is 3 bytes for 512 bytes of data (supports error correction up to
 * max of 1-bit)
 */
static int fsmc_read_hwecc_ecc1(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *data,
				uint8_t *ecc)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = mtd_to_fsmc(mtd);
	void __iomem *regs = host->regs_va;
	uint32_t bank = host->bank;
	uint32_t ecc_tmp;

	ecc_tmp = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ECC1));
	ecc[0] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 0);
	ecc[1] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 8);
	ecc[2] = (uint8_t) (ecc_tmp >> 16);

	return 0;
}

/* Count the number of 0's in buff upto a max of max_bits */
static int count_written_bits(uint8_t *buff, int size, int max_bits)
{
	int k, written_bits = 0;

	for (k = 0; k < size; k++) {
		written_bits += hweight8(~buff[k]);
		if (written_bits > max_bits)
			break;
	}

	return written_bits;
}

static void dma_complete(void *param)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = param;

	complete(&host->dma_access_complete);
}

static int dma_xfer(struct fsmc_nand_data *host, void *buffer, int len,
		enum dma_data_direction direction)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	struct dma_device *dma_dev;
	struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *tx;
	dma_addr_t dma_dst, dma_src, dma_addr;
	dma_cookie_t cookie;
	unsigned long flags = DMA_CTRL_ACK | DMA_PREP_INTERRUPT;
	int ret;
	unsigned long time_left;

	if (direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE)
		chan = host->write_dma_chan;
	else if (direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
		chan = host->read_dma_chan;
	else
		return -EINVAL;

	dma_dev = chan->device;
	dma_addr = dma_map_single(dma_dev->dev, buffer, len, direction);

	if (direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE) {
		dma_src = dma_addr;
		dma_dst = host->data_pa;
	} else {
		dma_src = host->data_pa;
		dma_dst = dma_addr;
	}

	tx = dma_dev->device_prep_dma_memcpy(chan, dma_dst, dma_src,
			len, flags);
	if (!tx) {
		dev_err(host->dev, "device_prep_dma_memcpy error\n");
		ret = -EIO;
		goto unmap_dma;
	}

	tx->callback = dma_complete;
	tx->callback_param = host;
	cookie = tx->tx_submit(tx);

	ret = dma_submit_error(cookie);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(host->dev, "dma_submit_error %d\n", cookie);
		goto unmap_dma;
	}

	dma_async_issue_pending(chan);

	time_left =
	wait_for_completion_timeout(&host->dma_access_complete,
				msecs_to_jiffies(3000));
	if (time_left == 0) {
		dmaengine_terminate_all(chan);
		dev_err(host->dev, "wait_for_completion_timeout\n");
		ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
		goto unmap_dma;
	}

	ret = 0;

unmap_dma:
	dma_unmap_single(dma_dev->dev, dma_addr, len, direction);

	return ret;
}

/*
 * fsmc_write_buf - write buffer to chip
 * @mtd:	MTD device structure
 * @buf:	data buffer
 * @len:	number of bytes to write
 */
static void fsmc_write_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
	int i;
	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);

	if (IS_ALIGNED((uint32_t)buf, sizeof(uint32_t)) &&
			IS_ALIGNED(len, sizeof(uint32_t))) {
		uint32_t *p = (uint32_t *)buf;
		len = len >> 2;
		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
			writel_relaxed(p[i], chip->IO_ADDR_W);
	} else {
		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
			writeb_relaxed(buf[i], chip->IO_ADDR_W);
	}
}

/*
 * fsmc_read_buf - read chip data into buffer
 * @mtd:	MTD device structure
 * @buf:	buffer to store date
 * @len:	number of bytes to read
 */
static void fsmc_read_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
	int i;
	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);

	if (IS_ALIGNED((uint32_t)buf, sizeof(uint32_t)) &&
			IS_ALIGNED(len, sizeof(uint32_t))) {
		uint32_t *p = (uint32_t *)buf;
		len = len >> 2;
		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
			p[i] = readl_relaxed(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
	} else {
		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
			buf[i] = readb_relaxed(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
	}
}

/*
 * fsmc_read_buf_dma - read chip data into buffer
 * @mtd:	MTD device structure
 * @buf:	buffer to store date
 * @len:	number of bytes to read
 */
static void fsmc_read_buf_dma(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host  = mtd_to_fsmc(mtd);

	dma_xfer(host, buf, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
}

/*
 * fsmc_write_buf_dma - write buffer to chip
 * @mtd:	MTD device structure
 * @buf:	data buffer
 * @len:	number of bytes to write
 */
static void fsmc_write_buf_dma(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf,
		int len)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = mtd_to_fsmc(mtd);

	dma_xfer(host, (void *)buf, len, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
}

/*
 * fsmc_read_page_hwecc
 * @mtd:	mtd info structure
 * @chip:	nand chip info structure
 * @buf:	buffer to store read data
 * @oob_required:	caller expects OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
 * @page:	page number to read
 *
 * This routine is needed for fsmc version 8 as reading from NAND chip has to be
 * performed in a strict sequence as follows:
 * data(512 byte) -> ecc(13 byte)
 * After this read, fsmc hardware generates and reports error data bits(up to a
 * max of 8 bits)
 */
static int fsmc_read_page_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
				 uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
{
	int i, j, s, stat, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
	int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
	int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
	uint8_t *p = buf;
	uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
	uint8_t *ecc_code = chip->buffers->ecccode;
	int off, len, group = 0;
	/*
	 * ecc_oob is intentionally taken as uint16_t. In 16bit devices, we
	 * end up reading 14 bytes (7 words) from oob. The local array is
	 * to maintain word alignment
	 */
	uint16_t ecc_oob[7];
	uint8_t *oob = (uint8_t *)&ecc_oob[0];
	unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;

	for (i = 0, s = 0; s < eccsteps; s++, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
		chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, s * eccsize, page);
		chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
		chip->read_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);

		for (j = 0; j < eccbytes;) {
			struct mtd_oob_region oobregion;
			int ret;

			ret = mtd_ooblayout_ecc(mtd, group++, &oobregion);
			if (ret)
				return ret;

			off = oobregion.offset;
			len = oobregion.length;

			/*
			 * length is intentionally kept a higher multiple of 2
			 * to read at least 13 bytes even in case of 16 bit NAND
			 * devices
			 */
			if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16)
				len = roundup(len, 2);

			chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, off, page);
			chip->read_buf(mtd, oob + j, len);
			j += len;
		}

		memcpy(&ecc_code[i], oob, chip->ecc.bytes);
		chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);

		stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, &ecc_code[i], &ecc_calc[i]);
		if (stat < 0) {
			mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
		} else {
			mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
			max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, stat);
		}
	}

	return max_bitflips;
}

/*
 * fsmc_bch8_correct_data
 * @mtd:	mtd info structure
 * @dat:	buffer of read data
 * @read_ecc:	ecc read from device spare area
 * @calc_ecc:	ecc calculated from read data
 *
 * calc_ecc is a 104 bit information containing maximum of 8 error
 * offset informations of 13 bits each in 512 bytes of read data.
 */
static int fsmc_bch8_correct_data(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *dat,
			     uint8_t *read_ecc, uint8_t *calc_ecc)
{
	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = mtd_to_fsmc(mtd);
	void __iomem *regs = host->regs_va;
	unsigned int bank = host->bank;
	uint32_t err_idx[8];
	uint32_t num_err, i;
	uint32_t ecc1, ecc2, ecc3, ecc4;

	num_err = (readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, STS)) >> 10) & 0xF;

	/* no bit flipping */
	if (likely(num_err == 0))
		return 0;

	/* too many errors */
	if (unlikely(num_err > 8)) {
		/*
		 * This is a temporary erase check. A newly erased page read
		 * would result in an ecc error because the oob data is also
		 * erased to FF and the calculated ecc for an FF data is not
		 * FF..FF.
		 * This is a workaround to skip performing correction in case
		 * data is FF..FF
		 *
		 * Logic:
		 * For every page, each bit written as 0 is counted until these
		 * number of bits are greater than 8 (the maximum correction
		 * capability of FSMC for each 512 + 13 bytes)
		 */

		int bits_ecc = count_written_bits(read_ecc, chip->ecc.bytes, 8);
		int bits_data = count_written_bits(dat, chip->ecc.size, 8);

		if ((bits_ecc + bits_data) <= 8) {
			if (bits_data)
				memset(dat, 0xff, chip->ecc.size);
			return bits_data;
		}

		return -EBADMSG;
	}

	/*
	 * ------------------- calc_ecc[] bit wise -----------|--13 bits--|
	 * |---idx[7]--|--.....-----|---idx[2]--||---idx[1]--||---idx[0]--|
	 *
	 * calc_ecc is a 104 bit information containing maximum of 8 error
	 * offset informations of 13 bits each. calc_ecc is copied into a
	 * uint64_t array and error offset indexes are populated in err_idx
	 * array
	 */
	ecc1 = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ECC1));
	ecc2 = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ECC2));
	ecc3 = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, ECC3));
	ecc4 = readl_relaxed(FSMC_NAND_REG(regs, bank, STS));

	err_idx[0] = (ecc1 >> 0) & 0x1FFF;
	err_idx[1] = (ecc1 >> 13) & 0x1FFF;
	err_idx[2] = (((ecc2 >> 0) & 0x7F) << 6) | ((ecc1 >> 26) & 0x3F);
	err_idx[3] = (ecc2 >> 7) & 0x1FFF;
	err_idx[4] = (((ecc3 >> 0) & 0x1) << 12) | ((ecc2 >> 20) & 0xFFF);
	err_idx[5] = (ecc3 >> 1) & 0x1FFF;
	err_idx[6] = (ecc3 >> 14) & 0x1FFF;
	err_idx[7] = (((ecc4 >> 16) & 0xFF) << 5) | ((ecc3 >> 27) & 0x1F);

	i = 0;
	while (num_err--) {
		change_bit(0, (unsigned long *)&err_idx[i]);
		change_bit(1, (unsigned long *)&err_idx[i]);

		if (err_idx[i] < chip->ecc.size * 8) {
			change_bit(err_idx[i], (unsigned long *)dat);
			i++;
		}
	}
	return i;
}

static bool filter(struct dma_chan *chan, void *slave)
{
	chan->private = slave;
	return true;
}

static int fsmc_nand_probe_config_dt(struct platform_device *pdev,
				     struct fsmc_nand_data *host,
				     struct nand_chip *nand)
{
	struct device_node *np = pdev->dev.of_node;
	u32 val;
	int ret;

	nand->options = 0;

	if (!of_property_read_u32(np, "bank-width", &val)) {
		if (val == 2) {
			nand->options |= NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;
		} else if (val != 1) {
			dev_err(&pdev->dev, "invalid bank-width %u\n", val);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
	}

	if (of_get_property(np, "nand-skip-bbtscan", NULL))
		nand->options |= NAND_SKIP_BBTSCAN;

	host->dev_timings = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev,
				sizeof(*host->dev_timings), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!host->dev_timings)
		return -ENOMEM;
	ret = of_property_read_u8_array(np, "timings", (u8 *)host->dev_timings,
						sizeof(*host->dev_timings));
	if (ret) {
		dev_info(&pdev->dev, "No timings in dts specified, using default timings!\n");
		host->dev_timings = NULL;
	}

	/* Set default NAND bank to 0 */
	host->bank = 0;
	if (!of_property_read_u32(np, "bank", &val)) {
		if (val > 3) {
			dev_err(&pdev->dev, "invalid bank %u\n", val);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		host->bank = val;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * fsmc_nand_probe - Probe function
 * @pdev:       platform device structure
 */
static int __init fsmc_nand_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host;
	struct mtd_info *mtd;
	struct nand_chip *nand;
	struct resource *res;
	dma_cap_mask_t mask;
	int ret = 0;
	u32 pid;
	int i;

	/* Allocate memory for the device structure (and zero it) */
	host = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*host), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!host)
		return -ENOMEM;

	nand = &host->nand;

	ret = fsmc_nand_probe_config_dt(pdev, host, nand);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	res = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, "nand_data");
	host->data_va = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
	if (IS_ERR(host->data_va))
		return PTR_ERR(host->data_va);

	host->data_pa = (dma_addr_t)res->start;

	res = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, "nand_addr");
	host->addr_va = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
	if (IS_ERR(host->addr_va))
		return PTR_ERR(host->addr_va);

	res = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, "nand_cmd");
	host->cmd_va = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
	if (IS_ERR(host->cmd_va))
		return PTR_ERR(host->cmd_va);

	res = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, "fsmc_regs");
	host->regs_va = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
	if (IS_ERR(host->regs_va))
		return PTR_ERR(host->regs_va);

	host->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
	if (IS_ERR(host->clk)) {
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to fetch block clock\n");
		return PTR_ERR(host->clk);
	}

	ret = clk_prepare_enable(host->clk);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/*
	 * This device ID is actually a common AMBA ID as used on the
	 * AMBA PrimeCell bus. However it is not a PrimeCell.
	 */
	for (pid = 0, i = 0; i < 4; i++)
		pid |= (readl(host->regs_va + resource_size(res) - 0x20 + 4 * i) & 255) << (i * 8);
	host->pid = pid;
	dev_info(&pdev->dev, "FSMC device partno %03x, manufacturer %02x, "
		 "revision %02x, config %02x\n",
		 AMBA_PART_BITS(pid), AMBA_MANF_BITS(pid),
		 AMBA_REV_BITS(pid), AMBA_CONFIG_BITS(pid));

	host->dev = &pdev->dev;

	if (host->mode == USE_DMA_ACCESS)
		init_completion(&host->dma_access_complete);

	/* Link all private pointers */
	mtd = nand_to_mtd(&host->nand);
	nand_set_controller_data(nand, host);
	nand_set_flash_node(nand, pdev->dev.of_node);

	mtd->dev.parent = &pdev->dev;
	nand->IO_ADDR_R = host->data_va;
	nand->IO_ADDR_W = host->data_va;
	nand->cmd_ctrl = fsmc_cmd_ctrl;
	nand->chip_delay = 30;

	/*
	 * Setup default ECC mode. nand_dt_init() called from nand_scan_ident()
	 * can overwrite this value if the DT provides a different value.
	 */
	nand->ecc.mode = NAND_ECC_HW;
	nand->ecc.hwctl = fsmc_enable_hwecc;
	nand->ecc.size = 512;
	nand->badblockbits = 7;

	switch (host->mode) {
	case USE_DMA_ACCESS:
		dma_cap_zero(mask);
		dma_cap_set(DMA_MEMCPY, mask);
		host->read_dma_chan = dma_request_channel(mask, filter, NULL);
		if (!host->read_dma_chan) {
			dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to get read dma channel\n");
			goto err_req_read_chnl;
		}
		host->write_dma_chan = dma_request_channel(mask, filter, NULL);
		if (!host->write_dma_chan) {
			dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to get write dma channel\n");
			goto err_req_write_chnl;
		}
		nand->read_buf = fsmc_read_buf_dma;
		nand->write_buf = fsmc_write_buf_dma;
		break;

	default:
	case USE_WORD_ACCESS:
		nand->read_buf = fsmc_read_buf;
		nand->write_buf = fsmc_write_buf;
		break;
	}

	fsmc_nand_setup(host->regs_va, host->bank,
			nand->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16,
			host->dev_timings);

	if (AMBA_REV_BITS(host->pid) >= 8) {
		nand->ecc.read_page = fsmc_read_page_hwecc;
		nand->ecc.calculate = fsmc_read_hwecc_ecc4;
		nand->ecc.correct = fsmc_bch8_correct_data;
		nand->ecc.bytes = 13;
		nand->ecc.strength = 8;
	}

	/*
	 * Scan to find existence of the device
	 */
	ret = nand_scan_ident(mtd, 1, NULL);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "No NAND Device found!\n");
		goto err_scan_ident;
	}

	if (AMBA_REV_BITS(host->pid) >= 8) {
		switch (mtd->oobsize) {
		case 16:
		case 64:
		case 128:
		case 224:
		case 256:
			break;
		default:
			dev_warn(&pdev->dev, "No oob scheme defined for oobsize %d\n",
				 mtd->oobsize);
			ret = -EINVAL;
			goto err_probe;
		}

		mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &fsmc_ecc4_ooblayout_ops);
	} else {
		switch (nand->ecc.mode) {
		case NAND_ECC_HW:
			dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Using 1-bit HW ECC scheme\n");
			nand->ecc.calculate = fsmc_read_hwecc_ecc1;
			nand->ecc.correct = nand_correct_data;
			nand->ecc.bytes = 3;
			nand->ecc.strength = 1;
			break;

		case NAND_ECC_SOFT:
			if (nand->ecc.algo == NAND_ECC_BCH) {
				dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Using 4-bit SW BCH ECC scheme\n");
				break;
			}

		default:
			dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unsupported ECC mode!\n");
			goto err_probe;
		}

		/*
		 * Don't set layout for BCH4 SW ECC. This will be
		 * generated later in nand_bch_init() later.
		 */
		if (nand->ecc.mode == NAND_ECC_HW) {
			switch (mtd->oobsize) {
			case 16:
			case 64:
			case 128:
				mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd,
						  &fsmc_ecc1_ooblayout_ops);
				break;
			default:
				dev_warn(&pdev->dev,
					 "No oob scheme defined for oobsize %d\n",
					 mtd->oobsize);
				ret = -EINVAL;
				goto err_probe;
			}
		}
	}

	/* Second stage of scan to fill MTD data-structures */
	ret = nand_scan_tail(mtd);
	if (ret)
		goto err_probe;

	mtd->name = "nand";
	ret = mtd_device_register(mtd, NULL, 0);
	if (ret)
		goto err_probe;

	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, host);
	dev_info(&pdev->dev, "FSMC NAND driver registration successful\n");
	return 0;

err_probe:
err_scan_ident:
	if (host->mode == USE_DMA_ACCESS)
		dma_release_channel(host->write_dma_chan);
err_req_write_chnl:
	if (host->mode == USE_DMA_ACCESS)
		dma_release_channel(host->read_dma_chan);
err_req_read_chnl:
	clk_disable_unprepare(host->clk);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Clean up routine
 */
static int fsmc_nand_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);

	if (host) {
		nand_release(nand_to_mtd(&host->nand));

		if (host->mode == USE_DMA_ACCESS) {
			dma_release_channel(host->write_dma_chan);
			dma_release_channel(host->read_dma_chan);
		}
		clk_disable_unprepare(host->clk);
	}

	return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
static int fsmc_nand_suspend(struct device *dev)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
	if (host)
		clk_disable_unprepare(host->clk);
	return 0;
}

static int fsmc_nand_resume(struct device *dev)
{
	struct fsmc_nand_data *host = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
	if (host) {
		clk_prepare_enable(host->clk);
		fsmc_nand_setup(host->regs_va, host->bank,
				host->nand.options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16,
				host->dev_timings);
	}
	return 0;
}
#endif

static SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS(fsmc_nand_pm_ops, fsmc_nand_suspend, fsmc_nand_resume);

static const struct of_device_id fsmc_nand_id_table[] = {
	{ .compatible = "st,spear600-fsmc-nand" },
	{ .compatible = "stericsson,fsmc-nand" },
	{}
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, fsmc_nand_id_table);

static struct platform_driver fsmc_nand_driver = {
	.remove = fsmc_nand_remove,
	.driver = {
		.name = "fsmc-nand",
		.of_match_table = fsmc_nand_id_table,
		.pm = &fsmc_nand_pm_ops,
	},
};

module_platform_driver_probe(fsmc_nand_driver, fsmc_nand_probe);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Vipin Kumar <vipin.kumar@st.com>, Ashish Priyadarshi");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("NAND driver for SPEAr Platforms");