free electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
/*
 *		Mars-Semi MR97311A library
 *		Copyright (C) 2005 <bradlch@hotmail.com>
 *
 * V4L2 by Jean-Francois Moine <http://moinejf.free.fr>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#define MODULE_NAME "mars"

#include "gspca.h"
#include "jpeg.h"

MODULE_AUTHOR("Michel Xhaard <mxhaard@users.sourceforge.net>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GSPCA/Mars USB Camera Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

#define QUALITY 50

/* specific webcam descriptor */
struct sd {
	struct gspca_dev gspca_dev;	/* !! must be the first item */

	struct v4l2_ctrl *brightness;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *saturation;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *sharpness;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *gamma;
	struct { /* illuminator control cluster */
		struct v4l2_ctrl *illum_top;
		struct v4l2_ctrl *illum_bottom;
	};
	u8 jpeg_hdr[JPEG_HDR_SZ];
};

/* V4L2 controls supported by the driver */
static void setbrightness(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val);
static void setcolors(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val);
static void setgamma(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val);
static void setsharpness(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val);

static const struct v4l2_pix_format vga_mode[] = {
	{320, 240, V4L2_PIX_FMT_JPEG, V4L2_FIELD_NONE,
		.bytesperline = 320,
		.sizeimage = 320 * 240 * 3 / 8 + 590,
		.colorspace = V4L2_COLORSPACE_JPEG,
		.priv = 2},
	{640, 480, V4L2_PIX_FMT_JPEG, V4L2_FIELD_NONE,
		.bytesperline = 640,
		.sizeimage = 640 * 480 * 3 / 8 + 590,
		.colorspace = V4L2_COLORSPACE_JPEG,
		.priv = 1},
};

static const __u8 mi_data[0x20] = {
/*	 01    02   03     04    05    06    07    08 */
	0x48, 0x22, 0x01, 0x47, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
/*	 09    0a   0b     0c    0d    0e    0f    10 */
	0x00, 0x01, 0x30, 0x01, 0x30, 0x01, 0x30, 0x01,
/*	 11    12   13     14    15    16    17    18 */
	0x30, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00, 0x06, 0x01, 0xe2, 0x02,
/*	 19    1a   1b     1c    1d    1e    1f    20 */
	0x82, 0x00, 0x20, 0x17, 0x80, 0x08, 0x0c, 0x00
};

/* write <len> bytes from gspca_dev->usb_buf */
static void reg_w(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev,
		 int len)
{
	int alen, ret;

	if (gspca_dev->usb_err < 0)
		return;

	ret = usb_bulk_msg(gspca_dev->dev,
			usb_sndbulkpipe(gspca_dev->dev, 4),
			gspca_dev->usb_buf,
			len,
			&alen,
			500);	/* timeout in milliseconds */
	if (ret < 0) {
		pr_err("reg write [%02x] error %d\n",
		       gspca_dev->usb_buf[0], ret);
		gspca_dev->usb_err = ret;
	}
}

static void mi_w(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev,
		 u8 addr,
		 u8 value)
{
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[0] = 0x1f;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = 0;			/* control byte */
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[2] = addr;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[3] = value;

	reg_w(gspca_dev, 4);
}

static void setbrightness(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val)
{
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[0] = 0x61;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = val;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);
}

static void setcolors(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val)
{
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[0] = 0x5f;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = val << 3;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[2] = ((val >> 2) & 0xf8) | 0x04;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 3);
}

static void setgamma(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val)
{
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[0] = 0x06;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = val * 0x40;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);
}

static void setsharpness(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, s32 val)
{
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[0] = 0x67;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = val * 4 + 3;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);
}

static void setilluminators(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev, bool top, bool bottom)
{
	/* both are off if not streaming */
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[0] = 0x22;
	if (top)
		gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = 0x76;
	else if (bottom)
		gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = 0x7a;
	else
		gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = 0x7e;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);
}

static int mars_s_ctrl(struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl)
{
	struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev =
		container_of(ctrl->handler, struct gspca_dev, ctrl_handler);
	struct sd *sd = (struct sd *)gspca_dev;

	gspca_dev->usb_err = 0;

	if (ctrl->id == V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_1) {
		/* only one can be on at a time */
		if (ctrl->is_new && ctrl->val)
			sd->illum_bottom->val = 0;
		if (sd->illum_bottom->is_new && sd->illum_bottom->val)
			sd->illum_top->val = 0;
	}

	if (!gspca_dev->streaming)
		return 0;

	switch (ctrl->id) {
	case V4L2_CID_BRIGHTNESS:
		setbrightness(gspca_dev, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_SATURATION:
		setcolors(gspca_dev, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_GAMMA:
		setgamma(gspca_dev, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_1:
		setilluminators(gspca_dev, sd->illum_top->val,
					   sd->illum_bottom->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_SHARPNESS:
		setsharpness(gspca_dev, ctrl->val);
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	return gspca_dev->usb_err;
}

static const struct v4l2_ctrl_ops mars_ctrl_ops = {
	.s_ctrl = mars_s_ctrl,
};

/* this function is called at probe time */
static int sd_init_controls(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev)
{
	struct sd *sd = (struct sd *) gspca_dev;
	struct v4l2_ctrl_handler *hdl = &gspca_dev->ctrl_handler;

	gspca_dev->vdev.ctrl_handler = hdl;
	v4l2_ctrl_handler_init(hdl, 6);
	sd->brightness = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &mars_ctrl_ops,
			V4L2_CID_BRIGHTNESS, 0, 30, 1, 15);
	sd->saturation = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &mars_ctrl_ops,
			V4L2_CID_SATURATION, 0, 255, 1, 200);
	sd->gamma = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &mars_ctrl_ops,
			V4L2_CID_GAMMA, 0, 3, 1, 1);
	sd->sharpness = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &mars_ctrl_ops,
			V4L2_CID_SHARPNESS, 0, 2, 1, 1);
	sd->illum_top = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &mars_ctrl_ops,
			V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_1, 0, 1, 1, 0);
	sd->illum_top->flags |= V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_UPDATE;
	sd->illum_bottom = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(hdl, &mars_ctrl_ops,
			V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_2, 0, 1, 1, 0);
	sd->illum_bottom->flags |= V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_UPDATE;
	if (hdl->error) {
		pr_err("Could not initialize controls\n");
		return hdl->error;
	}
	v4l2_ctrl_cluster(2, &sd->illum_top);
	return 0;
}

/* this function is called at probe time */
static int sd_config(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev,
			const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
	struct cam *cam;

	cam = &gspca_dev->cam;
	cam->cam_mode = vga_mode;
	cam->nmodes = ARRAY_SIZE(vga_mode);
	return 0;
}

/* this function is called at probe and resume time */
static int sd_init(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev)
{
	return 0;
}

static int sd_start(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev)
{
	struct sd *sd = (struct sd *) gspca_dev;
	u8 *data;
	int i;

	/* create the JPEG header */
	jpeg_define(sd->jpeg_hdr, gspca_dev->pixfmt.height,
			gspca_dev->pixfmt.width,
			0x21);		/* JPEG 422 */
	jpeg_set_qual(sd->jpeg_hdr, QUALITY);

	data = gspca_dev->usb_buf;

	data[0] = 0x01;		/* address */
	data[1] = 0x01;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);

	/*
	   Initialize the MR97113 chip register
	 */
	data[0] = 0x00;		/* address */
	data[1] = 0x0c | 0x01;	/* reg 0 */
	data[2] = 0x01;		/* reg 1 */
	data[3] = gspca_dev->pixfmt.width / 8;	/* h_size , reg 2 */
	data[4] = gspca_dev->pixfmt.height / 8;	/* v_size , reg 3 */
	data[5] = 0x30;		/* reg 4, MI, PAS5101 :
				 *	0x30 for 24mhz , 0x28 for 12mhz */
	data[6] = 0x02;		/* reg 5, H start - was 0x04 */
	data[7] = v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->gamma) * 0x40;	/* reg 0x06: gamma */
	data[8] = 0x01;		/* reg 7, V start - was 0x03 */
/*	if (h_size == 320 ) */
/*		data[9]= 0x56;	 * reg 8, 24MHz, 2:1 scale down */
/*	else */
	data[9] = 0x52;		/* reg 8, 24MHz, no scale down */
/*jfm: from win trace*/
	data[10] = 0x18;

	reg_w(gspca_dev, 11);

	data[0] = 0x23;		/* address */
	data[1] = 0x09;		/* reg 35, append frame header */

	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);

	data[0] = 0x3c;		/* address */
/*	if (gspca_dev->width == 1280) */
/*		data[1] = 200;	 * reg 60, pc-cam frame size
				 *	(unit: 4KB) 800KB */
/*	else */
	data[1] = 50;		/* 50 reg 60, pc-cam frame size
				 *	(unit: 4KB) 200KB */
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);

	/* auto dark-gain */
	data[0] = 0x5e;		/* address */
	data[1] = 0;		/* reg 94, Y Gain (auto) */
/*jfm: from win trace*/
				/* reg 0x5f/0x60 (LE) = saturation */
				/* h (60): xxxx x100
				 * l (5f): xxxx x000 */
	data[2] = v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->saturation) << 3;
	data[3] = ((v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->saturation) >> 2) & 0xf8) | 0x04;
	data[4] = v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->brightness); /* reg 0x61 = brightness */
	data[5] = 0x00;

	reg_w(gspca_dev, 6);

	data[0] = 0x67;
/*jfm: from win trace*/
	data[1] = v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->sharpness) * 4 + 3;
	data[2] = 0x14;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 3);

	data[0] = 0x69;
	data[1] = 0x2f;
	data[2] = 0x28;
	data[3] = 0x42;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 4);

	data[0] = 0x63;
	data[1] = 0x07;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);
/*jfm: win trace - many writes here to reg 0x64*/

	/* initialize the MI sensor */
	for (i = 0; i < sizeof mi_data; i++)
		mi_w(gspca_dev, i + 1, mi_data[i]);

	data[0] = 0x00;
	data[1] = 0x4d;		/* ISOC transferring enable... */
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);

	setilluminators(gspca_dev, v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->illum_top),
				   v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->illum_bottom));

	return gspca_dev->usb_err;
}

static void sd_stopN(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev)
{
	struct sd *sd = (struct sd *) gspca_dev;

	if (v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->illum_top) ||
	    v4l2_ctrl_g_ctrl(sd->illum_bottom)) {
		setilluminators(gspca_dev, false, false);
		msleep(20);
	}

	gspca_dev->usb_buf[0] = 1;
	gspca_dev->usb_buf[1] = 0;
	reg_w(gspca_dev, 2);
}

static void sd_pkt_scan(struct gspca_dev *gspca_dev,
			u8 *data,			/* isoc packet */
			int len)			/* iso packet length */
{
	struct sd *sd = (struct sd *) gspca_dev;
	int p;

	if (len < 6) {
/*		gspca_dev->last_packet_type = DISCARD_PACKET; */
		return;
	}
	for (p = 0; p < len - 6; p++) {
		if (data[0 + p] == 0xff
		    && data[1 + p] == 0xff
		    && data[2 + p] == 0x00
		    && data[3 + p] == 0xff
		    && data[4 + p] == 0x96) {
			if (data[5 + p] == 0x64
			    || data[5 + p] == 0x65
			    || data[5 + p] == 0x66
			    || data[5 + p] == 0x67) {
				PDEBUG(D_PACK, "sof offset: %d len: %d",
					p, len);
				gspca_frame_add(gspca_dev, LAST_PACKET,
						data, p);

				/* put the JPEG header */
				gspca_frame_add(gspca_dev, FIRST_PACKET,
					sd->jpeg_hdr, JPEG_HDR_SZ);
				data += p + 16;
				len -= p + 16;
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	gspca_frame_add(gspca_dev, INTER_PACKET, data, len);
}

/* sub-driver description */
static const struct sd_desc sd_desc = {
	.name = MODULE_NAME,
	.config = sd_config,
	.init = sd_init,
	.init_controls = sd_init_controls,
	.start = sd_start,
	.stopN = sd_stopN,
	.pkt_scan = sd_pkt_scan,
};

/* -- module initialisation -- */
static const struct usb_device_id device_table[] = {
	{USB_DEVICE(0x093a, 0x050f)},
	{}
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, device_table);

/* -- device connect -- */
static int sd_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
			const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
	return gspca_dev_probe(intf, id, &sd_desc, sizeof(struct sd),
				THIS_MODULE);
}

static struct usb_driver sd_driver = {
	.name = MODULE_NAME,
	.id_table = device_table,
	.probe = sd_probe,
	.disconnect = gspca_disconnect,
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
	.suspend = gspca_suspend,
	.resume = gspca_resume,
	.reset_resume = gspca_resume,
#endif
};

module_usb_driver(sd_driver);