Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
/*
 *  Driver for Xceive XC4000 "QAM/8VSB single chip tuner"
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2007 Xceive Corporation
 *  Copyright (c) 2007 Steven Toth <stoth@linuxtv.org>
 *  Copyright (c) 2009 Devin Heitmueller <dheitmueller@kernellabs.com>
 *  Copyright (c) 2009 Davide Ferri <d.ferri@zero11.it>
 *  Copyright (c) 2010 Istvan Varga <istvan_v@mailbox.hu>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/videodev2.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/dvb/frontend.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>

#include "dvb_frontend.h"

#include "xc4000.h"
#include "tuner-i2c.h"
#include "tuner-xc2028-types.h"

static int debug;
module_param(debug, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "Debugging level (0 to 2, default: 0 (off)).");

static int no_poweroff;
module_param(no_poweroff, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(no_poweroff, "Power management (1: disabled, 2: enabled, 0 (default): use device-specific default mode).");

static int audio_std;
module_param(audio_std, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(audio_std, "Audio standard. XC4000 audio decoder explicitly needs to know what audio standard is needed for some video standards with audio A2 or NICAM. The valid settings are a sum of:\n"
	" 1: use NICAM/B or A2/B instead of NICAM/A or A2/A\n"
	" 2: use A2 instead of NICAM or BTSC\n"
	" 4: use SECAM/K3 instead of K1\n"
	" 8: use PAL-D/K audio for SECAM-D/K\n"
	"16: use FM radio input 1 instead of input 2\n"
	"32: use mono audio (the lower three bits are ignored)");

static char firmware_name[30];
module_param_string(firmware_name, firmware_name, sizeof(firmware_name), 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(firmware_name, "Firmware file name. Allows overriding the default firmware name.");

static DEFINE_MUTEX(xc4000_list_mutex);
static LIST_HEAD(hybrid_tuner_instance_list);

#define dprintk(level, fmt, arg...) if (debug >= level) \
	printk(KERN_INFO "%s: " fmt, "xc4000", ## arg)

/* struct for storing firmware table */
struct firmware_description {
	unsigned int  type;
	v4l2_std_id   id;
	__u16         int_freq;
	unsigned char *ptr;
	unsigned int  size;
};

struct firmware_properties {
	unsigned int	type;
	v4l2_std_id	id;
	v4l2_std_id	std_req;
	__u16		int_freq;
	unsigned int	scode_table;
	int		scode_nr;
};

struct xc4000_priv {
	struct tuner_i2c_props i2c_props;
	struct list_head hybrid_tuner_instance_list;
	struct firmware_description *firm;
	int	firm_size;
	u32	if_khz;
	u32	freq_hz, freq_offset;
	u32	bandwidth;
	u8	video_standard;
	u8	rf_mode;
	u8	default_pm;
	u8	dvb_amplitude;
	u8	set_smoothedcvbs;
	u8	ignore_i2c_write_errors;
	__u16	firm_version;
	struct firmware_properties cur_fw;
	__u16	hwmodel;
	__u16	hwvers;
	struct mutex	lock;
};

#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B		 1
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2		 2
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_K3		 4
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_L		 8
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_INPUT1		16
#define XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO		32

#define XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE "dvb-fe-xc4000-1.4.fw"
#define XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE_NEW "dvb-fe-xc4000-1.4.1.fw"

/* Misc Defines */
#define MAX_TV_STANDARD			24
#define XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH		64
#define XC_POWERED_DOWN			0x80000000U

/* Signal Types */
#define XC_RF_MODE_AIR			0
#define XC_RF_MODE_CABLE		1

/* Product id */
#define XC_PRODUCT_ID_FW_NOT_LOADED	0x2000
#define XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4000		0x0FA0
#define XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4100		0x1004

/* Registers (Write-only) */
#define XREG_INIT         0x00
#define XREG_VIDEO_MODE   0x01
#define XREG_AUDIO_MODE   0x02
#define XREG_RF_FREQ      0x03
#define XREG_D_CODE       0x04
#define XREG_DIRECTSITTING_MODE 0x05
#define XREG_SEEK_MODE    0x06
#define XREG_POWER_DOWN   0x08
#define XREG_SIGNALSOURCE 0x0A
#define XREG_SMOOTHEDCVBS 0x0E
#define XREG_AMPLITUDE    0x10

/* Registers (Read-only) */
#define XREG_ADC_ENV      0x00
#define XREG_QUALITY      0x01
#define XREG_FRAME_LINES  0x02
#define XREG_HSYNC_FREQ   0x03
#define XREG_LOCK         0x04
#define XREG_FREQ_ERROR   0x05
#define XREG_SNR          0x06
#define XREG_VERSION      0x07
#define XREG_PRODUCT_ID   0x08
#define XREG_SIGNAL_LEVEL 0x0A
#define XREG_NOISE_LEVEL  0x0B

/*
   Basic firmware description. This will remain with
   the driver for documentation purposes.

   This represents an I2C firmware file encoded as a
   string of unsigned char. Format is as follows:

   char[0  ]=len0_MSB  -> len = len_MSB * 256 + len_LSB
   char[1  ]=len0_LSB  -> length of first write transaction
   char[2  ]=data0 -> first byte to be sent
   char[3  ]=data1
   char[4  ]=data2
   char[   ]=...
   char[M  ]=dataN  -> last byte to be sent
   char[M+1]=len1_MSB  -> len = len_MSB * 256 + len_LSB
   char[M+2]=len1_LSB  -> length of second write transaction
   char[M+3]=data0
   char[M+4]=data1
   ...
   etc.

   The [len] value should be interpreted as follows:

   len= len_MSB _ len_LSB
   len=1111_1111_1111_1111   : End of I2C_SEQUENCE
   len=0000_0000_0000_0000   : Reset command: Do hardware reset
   len=0NNN_NNNN_NNNN_NNNN   : Normal transaction: number of bytes = {1:32767)
   len=1WWW_WWWW_WWWW_WWWW   : Wait command: wait for {1:32767} ms

   For the RESET and WAIT commands, the two following bytes will contain
   immediately the length of the following transaction.
*/

struct XC_TV_STANDARD {
	const char  *Name;
	u16	    audio_mode;
	u16	    video_mode;
	u16	    int_freq;
};

/* Tuner standards */
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_BTSC		0
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_A2		1
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_EIAJ		2
#define XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_Mono		3
#define XC4000_BG_PAL_A2		4
#define XC4000_BG_PAL_NICAM		5
#define XC4000_BG_PAL_MONO		6
#define XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM		7
#define XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM_MONO		8
#define XC4000_DK_PAL_A2		9
#define XC4000_DK_PAL_NICAM		10
#define XC4000_DK_PAL_MONO		11
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2DK1		12
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2LDK3		13
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2MONO		14
#define XC4000_DK_SECAM_NICAM		15
#define XC4000_L_SECAM_NICAM		16
#define XC4000_LC_SECAM_NICAM		17
#define XC4000_DTV6			18
#define XC4000_DTV8			19
#define XC4000_DTV7_8			20
#define XC4000_DTV7			21
#define XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT2		22
#define XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT1		23

static struct XC_TV_STANDARD xc4000_standard[MAX_TV_STANDARD] = {
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-BTSC",	0x0000, 0x80A0, 4500},
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-A2",	0x0000, 0x80A0, 4600},
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-EIAJ",	0x0040, 0x80A0, 4500},
	{"M/N-NTSC/PAL-Mono",	0x0078, 0x80A0, 4500},
	{"B/G-PAL-A2",		0x0000, 0x8159, 5640},
	{"B/G-PAL-NICAM",	0x0004, 0x8159, 5740},
	{"B/G-PAL-MONO",	0x0078, 0x8159, 5500},
	{"I-PAL-NICAM",		0x0080, 0x8049, 6240},
	{"I-PAL-NICAM-MONO",	0x0078, 0x8049, 6000},
	{"D/K-PAL-A2",		0x0000, 0x8049, 6380},
	{"D/K-PAL-NICAM",	0x0080, 0x8049, 6200},
	{"D/K-PAL-MONO",	0x0078, 0x8049, 6500},
	{"D/K-SECAM-A2 DK1",	0x0000, 0x8049, 6340},
	{"D/K-SECAM-A2 L/DK3",	0x0000, 0x8049, 6000},
	{"D/K-SECAM-A2 MONO",	0x0078, 0x8049, 6500},
	{"D/K-SECAM-NICAM",	0x0080, 0x8049, 6200},
	{"L-SECAM-NICAM",	0x8080, 0x0009, 6200},
	{"L'-SECAM-NICAM",	0x8080, 0x4009, 6200},
	{"DTV6",		0x00C0, 0x8002,    0},
	{"DTV8",		0x00C0, 0x800B,    0},
	{"DTV7/8",		0x00C0, 0x801B,    0},
	{"DTV7",		0x00C0, 0x8007,    0},
	{"FM Radio-INPUT2",	0x0008, 0x9800, 10700},
	{"FM Radio-INPUT1",	0x0008, 0x9000, 10700}
};

static int xc4000_readreg(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 reg, u16 *val);
static int xc4000_tuner_reset(struct dvb_frontend *fe);
static void xc_debug_dump(struct xc4000_priv *priv);

static int xc_send_i2c_data(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u8 *buf, int len)
{
	struct i2c_msg msg = { .addr = priv->i2c_props.addr,
			       .flags = 0, .buf = buf, .len = len };
	if (i2c_transfer(priv->i2c_props.adap, &msg, 1) != 1) {
		if (priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors == 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: I2C write failed (len=%i)\n",
			       len);
			if (len == 4) {
				printk(KERN_ERR "bytes %*ph\n", 4, buf);
			}
			return -EREMOTEIO;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_tuner_reset(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int ret;

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	if (fe->callback) {
		ret = fe->callback(((fe->dvb) && (fe->dvb->priv)) ?
					   fe->dvb->priv :
					   priv->i2c_props.adap->algo_data,
					   DVB_FRONTEND_COMPONENT_TUNER,
					   XC4000_TUNER_RESET, 0);
		if (ret) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: reset failed\n");
			return -EREMOTEIO;
		}
	} else {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: no tuner reset callback function, fatal\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int xc_write_reg(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 regAddr, u16 i2cData)
{
	u8 buf[4];
	int result;

	buf[0] = (regAddr >> 8) & 0xFF;
	buf[1] = regAddr & 0xFF;
	buf[2] = (i2cData >> 8) & 0xFF;
	buf[3] = i2cData & 0xFF;
	result = xc_send_i2c_data(priv, buf, 4);

	return result;
}

static int xc_load_i2c_sequence(struct dvb_frontend *fe, const u8 *i2c_sequence)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;

	int i, nbytes_to_send, result;
	unsigned int len, pos, index;
	u8 buf[XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH];

	index = 0;
	while ((i2c_sequence[index] != 0xFF) ||
		(i2c_sequence[index + 1] != 0xFF)) {
		len = i2c_sequence[index] * 256 + i2c_sequence[index+1];
		if (len == 0x0000) {
			/* RESET command */
			/* NOTE: this is ignored, as the reset callback was */
			/* already called by check_firmware() */
			index += 2;
		} else if (len & 0x8000) {
			/* WAIT command */
			msleep(len & 0x7FFF);
			index += 2;
		} else {
			/* Send i2c data whilst ensuring individual transactions
			 * do not exceed XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH bytes.
			 */
			index += 2;
			buf[0] = i2c_sequence[index];
			buf[1] = i2c_sequence[index + 1];
			pos = 2;
			while (pos < len) {
				if ((len - pos) > XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH - 2)
					nbytes_to_send =
						XC_MAX_I2C_WRITE_LENGTH;
				else
					nbytes_to_send = (len - pos + 2);
				for (i = 2; i < nbytes_to_send; i++) {
					buf[i] = i2c_sequence[index + pos +
						i - 2];
				}
				result = xc_send_i2c_data(priv, buf,
					nbytes_to_send);

				if (result != 0)
					return result;

				pos += nbytes_to_send - 2;
			}
			index += len;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int xc_set_tv_standard(struct xc4000_priv *priv,
	u16 video_mode, u16 audio_mode)
{
	int ret;
	dprintk(1, "%s(0x%04x,0x%04x)\n", __func__, video_mode, audio_mode);
	dprintk(1, "%s() Standard = %s\n",
		__func__,
		xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].Name);

	/* Don't complain when the request fails because of i2c stretching */
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 1;

	ret = xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_VIDEO_MODE, video_mode);
	if (ret == 0)
		ret = xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_AUDIO_MODE, audio_mode);

	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 0;

	return ret;
}

static int xc_set_signal_source(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 rf_mode)
{
	dprintk(1, "%s(%d) Source = %s\n", __func__, rf_mode,
		rf_mode == XC_RF_MODE_AIR ? "ANTENNA" : "CABLE");

	if ((rf_mode != XC_RF_MODE_AIR) && (rf_mode != XC_RF_MODE_CABLE)) {
		rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_CABLE;
		printk(KERN_ERR
			"%s(), Invalid mode, defaulting to CABLE",
			__func__);
	}
	return xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_SIGNALSOURCE, rf_mode);
}

static const struct dvb_tuner_ops xc4000_tuner_ops;

static int xc_set_rf_frequency(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 freq_hz)
{
	u16 freq_code;

	dprintk(1, "%s(%u)\n", __func__, freq_hz);

	if ((freq_hz > xc4000_tuner_ops.info.frequency_max) ||
	    (freq_hz < xc4000_tuner_ops.info.frequency_min))
		return -EINVAL;

	freq_code = (u16)(freq_hz / 15625);

	/* WAS: Starting in firmware version 1.1.44, Xceive recommends using the
	   FINERFREQ for all normal tuning (the doc indicates reg 0x03 should
	   only be used for fast scanning for channel lock) */
	/* WAS: XREG_FINERFREQ */
	return xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_RF_FREQ, freq_code);
}

static int xc_get_adc_envelope(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *adc_envelope)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_ADC_ENV, adc_envelope);
}

static int xc_get_frequency_error(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 *freq_error_hz)
{
	int result;
	u16 regData;
	u32 tmp;

	result = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_FREQ_ERROR, &regData);
	if (result != 0)
		return result;

	tmp = (u32)regData & 0xFFFFU;
	tmp = (tmp < 0x8000U ? tmp : 0x10000U - tmp);
	(*freq_error_hz) = tmp * 15625;
	return result;
}

static int xc_get_lock_status(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *lock_status)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_LOCK, lock_status);
}

static int xc_get_version(struct xc4000_priv *priv,
	u8 *hw_majorversion, u8 *hw_minorversion,
	u8 *fw_majorversion, u8 *fw_minorversion)
{
	u16 data;
	int result;

	result = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_VERSION, &data);
	if (result != 0)
		return result;

	(*hw_majorversion) = (data >> 12) & 0x0F;
	(*hw_minorversion) = (data >>  8) & 0x0F;
	(*fw_majorversion) = (data >>  4) & 0x0F;
	(*fw_minorversion) = data & 0x0F;

	return 0;
}

static int xc_get_hsync_freq(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 *hsync_freq_hz)
{
	u16 regData;
	int result;

	result = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_HSYNC_FREQ, &regData);
	if (result != 0)
		return result;

	(*hsync_freq_hz) = ((regData & 0x0fff) * 763)/100;
	return result;
}

static int xc_get_frame_lines(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *frame_lines)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_FRAME_LINES, frame_lines);
}

static int xc_get_quality(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *quality)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_QUALITY, quality);
}

static int xc_get_signal_level(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *signal)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_SIGNAL_LEVEL, signal);
}

static int xc_get_noise_level(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 *noise)
{
	return xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_NOISE_LEVEL, noise);
}

static u16 xc_wait_for_lock(struct xc4000_priv *priv)
{
	u16	lock_state = 0;
	int	watchdog_count = 40;

	while ((lock_state == 0) && (watchdog_count > 0)) {
		xc_get_lock_status(priv, &lock_state);
		if (lock_state != 1) {
			msleep(5);
			watchdog_count--;
		}
	}
	return lock_state;
}

static int xc_tune_channel(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u32 freq_hz)
{
	int	found = 1;
	int	result;

	dprintk(1, "%s(%u)\n", __func__, freq_hz);

	/* Don't complain when the request fails because of i2c stretching */
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 1;
	result = xc_set_rf_frequency(priv, freq_hz);
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 0;

	if (result != 0)
		return 0;

	/* wait for lock only in analog TV mode */
	if ((priv->cur_fw.type & (FM | DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8)) == 0) {
		if (xc_wait_for_lock(priv) != 1)
			found = 0;
	}

	/* Wait for stats to stabilize.
	 * Frame Lines needs two frame times after initial lock
	 * before it is valid.
	 */
	msleep(debug ? 100 : 10);

	if (debug)
		xc_debug_dump(priv);

	return found;
}

static int xc4000_readreg(struct xc4000_priv *priv, u16 reg, u16 *val)
{
	u8 buf[2] = { reg >> 8, reg & 0xff };
	u8 bval[2] = { 0, 0 };
	struct i2c_msg msg[2] = {
		{ .addr = priv->i2c_props.addr,
			.flags = 0, .buf = &buf[0], .len = 2 },
		{ .addr = priv->i2c_props.addr,
			.flags = I2C_M_RD, .buf = &bval[0], .len = 2 },
	};

	if (i2c_transfer(priv->i2c_props.adap, msg, 2) != 2) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: I2C read failed\n");
		return -EREMOTEIO;
	}

	*val = (bval[0] << 8) | bval[1];
	return 0;
}

#define dump_firm_type(t)	dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(t, 0)
static void dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(unsigned int type, u16 int_freq)
{
	if (type & BASE)
		printk(KERN_CONT "BASE ");
	if (type & INIT1)
		printk(KERN_CONT "INIT1 ");
	if (type & F8MHZ)
		printk(KERN_CONT "F8MHZ ");
	if (type & MTS)
		printk(KERN_CONT "MTS ");
	if (type & D2620)
		printk(KERN_CONT "D2620 ");
	if (type & D2633)
		printk(KERN_CONT "D2633 ");
	if (type & DTV6)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV6 ");
	if (type & QAM)
		printk(KERN_CONT "QAM ");
	if (type & DTV7)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV7 ");
	if (type & DTV78)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV78 ");
	if (type & DTV8)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DTV8 ");
	if (type & FM)
		printk(KERN_CONT "FM ");
	if (type & INPUT1)
		printk(KERN_CONT "INPUT1 ");
	if (type & LCD)
		printk(KERN_CONT "LCD ");
	if (type & NOGD)
		printk(KERN_CONT "NOGD ");
	if (type & MONO)
		printk(KERN_CONT "MONO ");
	if (type & ATSC)
		printk(KERN_CONT "ATSC ");
	if (type & IF)
		printk(KERN_CONT "IF ");
	if (type & LG60)
		printk(KERN_CONT "LG60 ");
	if (type & ATI638)
		printk(KERN_CONT "ATI638 ");
	if (type & OREN538)
		printk(KERN_CONT "OREN538 ");
	if (type & OREN36)
		printk(KERN_CONT "OREN36 ");
	if (type & TOYOTA388)
		printk(KERN_CONT "TOYOTA388 ");
	if (type & TOYOTA794)
		printk(KERN_CONT "TOYOTA794 ");
	if (type & DIBCOM52)
		printk(KERN_CONT "DIBCOM52 ");
	if (type & ZARLINK456)
		printk(KERN_CONT "ZARLINK456 ");
	if (type & CHINA)
		printk(KERN_CONT "CHINA ");
	if (type & F6MHZ)
		printk(KERN_CONT "F6MHZ ");
	if (type & INPUT2)
		printk(KERN_CONT "INPUT2 ");
	if (type & SCODE)
		printk(KERN_CONT "SCODE ");
	if (type & HAS_IF)
		printk(KERN_CONT "HAS_IF_%d ", int_freq);
}

static int seek_firmware(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			 v4l2_std_id *id)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int		i, best_i = -1;
	unsigned int	best_nr_diffs = 255U;

	if (!priv->firm) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Error! firmware not loaded\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (((type & ~SCODE) == 0) && (*id == 0))
		*id = V4L2_STD_PAL;

	/* Seek for generic video standard match */
	for (i = 0; i < priv->firm_size; i++) {
		v4l2_std_id	id_diff_mask =
			(priv->firm[i].id ^ (*id)) & (*id);
		unsigned int	type_diff_mask =
			(priv->firm[i].type ^ type)
			& (BASE_TYPES | DTV_TYPES | LCD | NOGD | MONO | SCODE);
		unsigned int	nr_diffs;

		if (type_diff_mask
		    & (BASE | INIT1 | FM | DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8 | SCODE))
			continue;

		nr_diffs = hweight64(id_diff_mask) + hweight32(type_diff_mask);
		if (!nr_diffs)	/* Supports all the requested standards */
			goto found;

		if (nr_diffs < best_nr_diffs) {
			best_nr_diffs = nr_diffs;
			best_i = i;
		}
	}

	/* FIXME: Would make sense to seek for type "hint" match ? */
	if (best_i < 0) {
		i = -ENOENT;
		goto ret;
	}

	if (best_nr_diffs > 0U) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Selecting best matching firmware (%u bits differ) for type=(%x), id %016llx:\n",
		       best_nr_diffs, type, (unsigned long long)*id);
		i = best_i;
	}

found:
	*id = priv->firm[i].id;

ret:
	if (debug) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s firmware for type=",
		       (i < 0) ? "Can't find" : "Found");
		dump_firm_type(type);
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "(%x), id %016llx.\n", type, (unsigned long long)*id);
	}
	return i;
}

static int load_firmware(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			 v4l2_std_id *id)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int                pos, rc;
	unsigned char      *p;

	pos = seek_firmware(fe, type, id);
	if (pos < 0)
		return pos;

	p = priv->firm[pos].ptr;

	/* Don't complain when the request fails because of i2c stretching */
	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 1;

	rc = xc_load_i2c_sequence(fe, p);

	priv->ignore_i2c_write_errors = 0;

	return rc;
}

static int xc4000_fwupload(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	const struct firmware *fw   = NULL;
	const unsigned char   *p, *endp;
	int                   rc = 0;
	int		      n, n_array;
	char		      name[33];
	const char	      *fname;

	if (firmware_name[0] != '\0') {
		fname = firmware_name;

		dprintk(1, "Reading custom firmware %s\n", fname);
		rc = request_firmware(&fw, fname,
				      priv->i2c_props.adap->dev.parent);
	} else {
		fname = XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE_NEW;
		dprintk(1, "Trying to read firmware %s\n", fname);
		rc = request_firmware(&fw, fname,
				      priv->i2c_props.adap->dev.parent);
		if (rc == -ENOENT) {
			fname = XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE;
			dprintk(1, "Trying to read firmware %s\n", fname);
			rc = request_firmware(&fw, fname,
					      priv->i2c_props.adap->dev.parent);
		}
	}

	if (rc < 0) {
		if (rc == -ENOENT)
			printk(KERN_ERR "Error: firmware %s not found.\n", fname);
		else
			printk(KERN_ERR "Error %d while requesting firmware %s\n",
			       rc, fname);

		return rc;
	}
	dprintk(1, "Loading Firmware: %s\n", fname);

	p = fw->data;
	endp = p + fw->size;

	if (fw->size < sizeof(name) - 1 + 2 + 2) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Error: firmware file %s has invalid size!\n",
		       fname);
		goto corrupt;
	}

	memcpy(name, p, sizeof(name) - 1);
	name[sizeof(name) - 1] = '\0';
	p += sizeof(name) - 1;

	priv->firm_version = get_unaligned_le16(p);
	p += 2;

	n_array = get_unaligned_le16(p);
	p += 2;

	dprintk(1, "Loading %d firmware images from %s, type: %s, ver %d.%d\n",
		n_array, fname, name,
		priv->firm_version >> 8, priv->firm_version & 0xff);

	priv->firm = kcalloc(n_array, sizeof(*priv->firm), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (priv->firm == NULL) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Not enough memory to load firmware file.\n");
		rc = -ENOMEM;
		goto done;
	}
	priv->firm_size = n_array;

	n = -1;
	while (p < endp) {
		__u32 type, size;
		v4l2_std_id id;
		__u16 int_freq = 0;

		n++;
		if (n >= n_array) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "More firmware images in file than were expected!\n");
			goto corrupt;
		}

		/* Checks if there's enough bytes to read */
		if (endp - p < sizeof(type) + sizeof(id) + sizeof(size))
			goto header;

		type = get_unaligned_le32(p);
		p += sizeof(type);

		id = get_unaligned_le64(p);
		p += sizeof(id);

		if (type & HAS_IF) {
			int_freq = get_unaligned_le16(p);
			p += sizeof(int_freq);
			if (endp - p < sizeof(size))
				goto header;
		}

		size = get_unaligned_le32(p);
		p += sizeof(size);

		if (!size || size > endp - p) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "Firmware type (%x), id %llx is corrupted (size=%d, expected %d)\n",
			       type, (unsigned long long)id,
			       (unsigned)(endp - p), size);
			goto corrupt;
		}

		priv->firm[n].ptr = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (priv->firm[n].ptr == NULL) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "Not enough memory to load firmware file.\n");
			rc = -ENOMEM;
			goto done;
		}

		if (debug) {
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "Reading firmware type ");
			dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(type, int_freq);
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "(%x), id %llx, size=%d.\n",
			       type, (unsigned long long)id, size);
		}

		memcpy(priv->firm[n].ptr, p, size);
		priv->firm[n].type = type;
		priv->firm[n].id   = id;
		priv->firm[n].size = size;
		priv->firm[n].int_freq = int_freq;

		p += size;
	}

	if (n + 1 != priv->firm_size) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Firmware file is incomplete!\n");
		goto corrupt;
	}

	goto done;

header:
	printk(KERN_ERR "Firmware header is incomplete!\n");
corrupt:
	rc = -EINVAL;
	printk(KERN_ERR "Error: firmware file is corrupted!\n");

done:
	release_firmware(fw);
	if (rc == 0)
		dprintk(1, "Firmware files loaded.\n");

	return rc;
}

static int load_scode(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			 v4l2_std_id *id, __u16 int_freq, int scode)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int		pos, rc;
	unsigned char	*p;
	u8		scode_buf[13];
	u8		indirect_mode[5];

	dprintk(1, "%s called int_freq=%d\n", __func__, int_freq);

	if (!int_freq) {
		pos = seek_firmware(fe, type, id);
		if (pos < 0)
			return pos;
	} else {
		for (pos = 0; pos < priv->firm_size; pos++) {
			if ((priv->firm[pos].int_freq == int_freq) &&
			    (priv->firm[pos].type & HAS_IF))
				break;
		}
		if (pos == priv->firm_size)
			return -ENOENT;
	}

	p = priv->firm[pos].ptr;

	if (priv->firm[pos].size != 12 * 16 || scode >= 16)
		return -EINVAL;
	p += 12 * scode;

	if (debug) {
		tuner_info("Loading SCODE for type=");
		dump_firm_type_and_int_freq(priv->firm[pos].type,
					    priv->firm[pos].int_freq);
		printk(KERN_CONT "(%x), id %016llx.\n", priv->firm[pos].type,
		       (unsigned long long)*id);
	}

	scode_buf[0] = 0x00;
	memcpy(&scode_buf[1], p, 12);

	/* Enter direct-mode */
	rc = xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_DIRECTSITTING_MODE, 0);
	if (rc < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "failed to put device into direct mode!\n");
		return -EIO;
	}

	rc = xc_send_i2c_data(priv, scode_buf, 13);
	if (rc != 0) {
		/* Even if the send failed, make sure we set back to indirect
		   mode */
		printk(KERN_ERR "Failed to set scode %d\n", rc);
	}

	/* Switch back to indirect-mode */
	memset(indirect_mode, 0, sizeof(indirect_mode));
	indirect_mode[4] = 0x88;
	xc_send_i2c_data(priv, indirect_mode, sizeof(indirect_mode));
	msleep(10);

	return 0;
}

static int check_firmware(struct dvb_frontend *fe, unsigned int type,
			  v4l2_std_id std, __u16 int_freq)
{
	struct xc4000_priv         *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	struct firmware_properties new_fw;
	int			   rc = 0, is_retry = 0;
	u16			   hwmodel;
	v4l2_std_id		   std0;
	u8			   hw_major = 0, hw_minor = 0, fw_major = 0, fw_minor = 0;

	dprintk(1, "%s called\n", __func__);

	if (!priv->firm) {
		rc = xc4000_fwupload(fe);
		if (rc < 0)
			return rc;
	}

retry:
	new_fw.type = type;
	new_fw.id = std;
	new_fw.std_req = std;
	new_fw.scode_table = SCODE;
	new_fw.scode_nr = 0;
	new_fw.int_freq = int_freq;

	dprintk(1, "checking firmware, user requested type=");
	if (debug) {
		dump_firm_type(new_fw.type);
		printk(KERN_CONT "(%x), id %016llx, ", new_fw.type,
		       (unsigned long long)new_fw.std_req);
		if (!int_freq)
			printk(KERN_CONT "scode_tbl ");
		else
			printk(KERN_CONT "int_freq %d, ", new_fw.int_freq);
		printk(KERN_CONT "scode_nr %d\n", new_fw.scode_nr);
	}

	/* No need to reload base firmware if it matches */
	if (priv->cur_fw.type & BASE) {
		dprintk(1, "BASE firmware not changed.\n");
		goto skip_base;
	}

	/* Updating BASE - forget about all currently loaded firmware */
	memset(&priv->cur_fw, 0, sizeof(priv->cur_fw));

	/* Reset is needed before loading firmware */
	rc = xc4000_tuner_reset(fe);
	if (rc < 0)
		goto fail;

	/* BASE firmwares are all std0 */
	std0 = 0;
	rc = load_firmware(fe, BASE, &std0);
	if (rc < 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Error %d while loading base firmware\n", rc);
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Load INIT1, if needed */
	dprintk(1, "Load init1 firmware, if exists\n");

	rc = load_firmware(fe, BASE | INIT1, &std0);
	if (rc == -ENOENT)
		rc = load_firmware(fe, BASE | INIT1, &std0);
	if (rc < 0 && rc != -ENOENT) {
		tuner_err("Error %d while loading init1 firmware\n",
			  rc);
		goto fail;
	}

skip_base:
	/*
	 * No need to reload standard specific firmware if base firmware
	 * was not reloaded and requested video standards have not changed.
	 */
	if (priv->cur_fw.type == (BASE | new_fw.type) &&
	    priv->cur_fw.std_req == std) {
		dprintk(1, "Std-specific firmware already loaded.\n");
		goto skip_std_specific;
	}

	/* Reloading std-specific firmware forces a SCODE update */
	priv->cur_fw.scode_table = 0;

	/* Load the standard firmware */
	rc = load_firmware(fe, new_fw.type, &new_fw.id);

	if (rc < 0)
		goto fail;

skip_std_specific:
	if (priv->cur_fw.scode_table == new_fw.scode_table &&
	    priv->cur_fw.scode_nr == new_fw.scode_nr) {
		dprintk(1, "SCODE firmware already loaded.\n");
		goto check_device;
	}

	/* Load SCODE firmware, if exists */
	rc = load_scode(fe, new_fw.type | new_fw.scode_table, &new_fw.id,
			new_fw.int_freq, new_fw.scode_nr);
	if (rc != 0)
		dprintk(1, "load scode failed %d\n", rc);

check_device:
	rc = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_PRODUCT_ID, &hwmodel);

	if (xc_get_version(priv, &hw_major, &hw_minor, &fw_major,
			   &fw_minor) != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to read tuner registers.\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	dprintk(1, "Device is Xceive %d version %d.%d, firmware version %d.%d\n",
		hwmodel, hw_major, hw_minor, fw_major, fw_minor);

	/* Check firmware version against what we downloaded. */
	if (priv->firm_version != ((fw_major << 8) | fw_minor)) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Incorrect readback of firmware version %d.%d.\n",
		       fw_major, fw_minor);
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Check that the tuner hardware model remains consistent over time. */
	if (priv->hwmodel == 0 &&
	    (hwmodel == XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4000 ||
	     hwmodel == XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4100)) {
		priv->hwmodel = hwmodel;
		priv->hwvers = (hw_major << 8) | hw_minor;
	} else if (priv->hwmodel == 0 || priv->hwmodel != hwmodel ||
		   priv->hwvers != ((hw_major << 8) | hw_minor)) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING
		       "Read invalid device hardware information - tuner hung?\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	priv->cur_fw = new_fw;

	/*
	 * By setting BASE in cur_fw.type only after successfully loading all
	 * firmwares, we can:
	 * 1. Identify that BASE firmware with type=0 has been loaded;
	 * 2. Tell whether BASE firmware was just changed the next time through.
	 */
	priv->cur_fw.type |= BASE;

	return 0;

fail:
	memset(&priv->cur_fw, 0, sizeof(priv->cur_fw));
	if (!is_retry) {
		msleep(50);
		is_retry = 1;
		dprintk(1, "Retrying firmware load\n");
		goto retry;
	}

	if (rc == -ENOENT)
		rc = -EINVAL;
	return rc;
}

static void xc_debug_dump(struct xc4000_priv *priv)
{
	u16	adc_envelope;
	u32	freq_error_hz = 0;
	u16	lock_status;
	u32	hsync_freq_hz = 0;
	u16	frame_lines;
	u16	quality;
	u16	signal = 0;
	u16	noise = 0;
	u8	hw_majorversion = 0, hw_minorversion = 0;
	u8	fw_majorversion = 0, fw_minorversion = 0;

	xc_get_adc_envelope(priv, &adc_envelope);
	dprintk(1, "*** ADC envelope (0-1023) = %d\n", adc_envelope);

	xc_get_frequency_error(priv, &freq_error_hz);
	dprintk(1, "*** Frequency error = %d Hz\n", freq_error_hz);

	xc_get_lock_status(priv, &lock_status);
	dprintk(1, "*** Lock status (0-Wait, 1-Locked, 2-No-signal) = %d\n",
		lock_status);

	xc_get_version(priv, &hw_majorversion, &hw_minorversion,
		       &fw_majorversion, &fw_minorversion);
	dprintk(1, "*** HW: V%02x.%02x, FW: V%02x.%02x\n",
		hw_majorversion, hw_minorversion,
		fw_majorversion, fw_minorversion);

	if (priv->video_standard < XC4000_DTV6) {
		xc_get_hsync_freq(priv, &hsync_freq_hz);
		dprintk(1, "*** Horizontal sync frequency = %d Hz\n",
			hsync_freq_hz);

		xc_get_frame_lines(priv, &frame_lines);
		dprintk(1, "*** Frame lines = %d\n", frame_lines);
	}

	xc_get_quality(priv, &quality);
	dprintk(1, "*** Quality (0:<8dB, 7:>56dB) = %d\n", quality);

	xc_get_signal_level(priv, &signal);
	dprintk(1, "*** Signal level = -%ddB (%d)\n", signal >> 8, signal);

	xc_get_noise_level(priv, &noise);
	dprintk(1, "*** Noise level = %ddB (%d)\n", noise >> 8, noise);
}

static int xc4000_set_params(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct dtv_frontend_properties *c = &fe->dtv_property_cache;
	u32 delsys = c->delivery_system;
	u32 bw = c->bandwidth_hz;
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	unsigned int type;
	int	ret = -EREMOTEIO;

	dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (Hz)\n", __func__, c->frequency);

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	switch (delsys) {
	case SYS_ATSC:
		dprintk(1, "%s() VSB modulation\n", __func__);
		priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_AIR;
		priv->freq_offset = 1750000;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV6;
		type = DTV6;
		break;
	case SYS_DVBC_ANNEX_B:
		dprintk(1, "%s() QAM modulation\n", __func__);
		priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_CABLE;
		priv->freq_offset = 1750000;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV6;
		type = DTV6;
		break;
	case SYS_DVBT:
	case SYS_DVBT2:
		dprintk(1, "%s() OFDM\n", __func__);
		if (bw == 0) {
			if (c->frequency < 400000000) {
				priv->freq_offset = 2250000;
			} else {
				priv->freq_offset = 2750000;
			}
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV7_8;
			type = DTV78;
		} else if (bw <= 6000000) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV6;
			priv->freq_offset = 1750000;
			type = DTV6;
		} else if (bw <= 7000000) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV7;
			priv->freq_offset = 2250000;
			type = DTV7;
		} else {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DTV8;
			priv->freq_offset = 2750000;
			type = DTV8;
		}
		priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_AIR;
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000 delivery system not supported!\n");
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto fail;
	}

	priv->freq_hz = c->frequency - priv->freq_offset;

	dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (compensated)\n",
		__func__, priv->freq_hz);

	/* Make sure the correct firmware type is loaded */
	if (check_firmware(fe, type, 0, priv->if_khz) != 0)
		goto fail;

	priv->bandwidth = c->bandwidth_hz;

	ret = xc_set_signal_source(priv, priv->rf_mode);
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: xc_set_signal_source(%d) failed\n",
		       priv->rf_mode);
		goto fail;
	} else {
		u16	video_mode, audio_mode;
		video_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].video_mode;
		audio_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].audio_mode;
		if (type == DTV6 && priv->firm_version != 0x0102)
			video_mode |= 0x0001;
		ret = xc_set_tv_standard(priv, video_mode, audio_mode);
		if (ret != 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: xc_set_tv_standard failed\n");
			/* DJH - do not return when it fails... */
			/* goto fail; */
		}
	}

	if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_D_CODE, 0) == 0)
		ret = 0;
	if (priv->dvb_amplitude != 0) {
		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_AMPLITUDE,
				 (priv->firm_version != 0x0102 ||
				  priv->dvb_amplitude != 134 ?
				  priv->dvb_amplitude : 132)) != 0)
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	}
	if (priv->set_smoothedcvbs != 0) {
		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_SMOOTHEDCVBS, 1) != 0)
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	}
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: setting registers failed\n");
		/* goto fail; */
	}

	xc_tune_channel(priv, priv->freq_hz);

	ret = 0;

fail:
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	return ret;
}

static int xc4000_set_analog_params(struct dvb_frontend *fe,
	struct analog_parameters *params)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	unsigned int type = 0;
	int	ret = -EREMOTEIO;

	if (params->mode == V4L2_TUNER_RADIO) {
		dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (in units of 62.5Hz)\n",
			__func__, params->frequency);

		mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

		params->std = 0;
		priv->freq_hz = params->frequency * 125L / 2;

		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_INPUT1) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT1;
			type = FM | INPUT1;
		} else {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_FM_Radio_INPUT2;
			type = FM | INPUT2;
		}

		goto tune_channel;
	}

	dprintk(1, "%s() frequency=%d (in units of 62.5khz)\n",
		__func__, params->frequency);

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	/* params->frequency is in units of 62.5khz */
	priv->freq_hz = params->frequency * 62500;

	params->std &= V4L2_STD_ALL;
	/* if std is not defined, choose one */
	if (!params->std)
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_BG;

	if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO)
		type = MONO;

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_MN) {
		params->std = V4L2_STD_MN;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_Mono;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2) {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_A2;
		} else {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_BTSC;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_MN_NTSC_PAL_BTSC;
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_PAL_BG) {
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_BG;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_MONO;
		} else if (!(audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2)) {
			if (!(audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B)) {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_NICAM_A;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_NICAM;
			} else {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_NICAM_B;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_NICAM;
			}
		} else {
			if (!(audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B)) {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2_A;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_A2;
			} else {
				params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2_B;
				priv->video_standard = XC4000_BG_PAL_A2;
			}
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_PAL_I) {
		/* default to NICAM audio standard */
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_I | V4L2_STD_NICAM;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO)
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM_MONO;
		else
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM;
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_PAL_DK) {
		params->std = V4L2_STD_PAL_DK;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_PAL_MONO;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_A2) {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_A2;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_PAL_A2;
		} else {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_NICAM;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_PAL_NICAM;
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_SECAM_DK) {
		/* default to A2 audio standard */
		params->std = V4L2_STD_SECAM_DK | V4L2_STD_A2;
		if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_L) {
			type = 0;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_NICAM;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_MONO) {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2MONO;
		} else if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_K3) {
			params->std |= V4L2_STD_SECAM_K3;
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2LDK3;
		} else {
			priv->video_standard = XC4000_DK_SECAM_A2DK1;
		}
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_SECAM_L) {
		/* default to NICAM audio standard */
		type = 0;
		params->std = V4L2_STD_SECAM_L | V4L2_STD_NICAM;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_L_SECAM_NICAM;
		goto tune_channel;
	}

	if (params->std & V4L2_STD_SECAM_LC) {
		/* default to NICAM audio standard */
		type = 0;
		params->std = V4L2_STD_SECAM_LC | V4L2_STD_NICAM;
		priv->video_standard = XC4000_LC_SECAM_NICAM;
		goto tune_channel;
	}

tune_channel:
	/* FIXME: it could be air. */
	priv->rf_mode = XC_RF_MODE_CABLE;

	if (check_firmware(fe, type, params->std,
			   xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].int_freq) != 0)
		goto fail;

	ret = xc_set_signal_source(priv, priv->rf_mode);
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR
		       "xc4000: xc_set_signal_source(%d) failed\n",
		       priv->rf_mode);
		goto fail;
	} else {
		u16	video_mode, audio_mode;
		video_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].video_mode;
		audio_mode = xc4000_standard[priv->video_standard].audio_mode;
		if (priv->video_standard < XC4000_BG_PAL_A2) {
			if (type & NOGD)
				video_mode &= 0xFF7F;
		} else if (priv->video_standard < XC4000_I_PAL_NICAM) {
			if (priv->firm_version == 0x0102)
				video_mode &= 0xFEFF;
			if (audio_std & XC4000_AUDIO_STD_B)
				video_mode |= 0x0080;
		}
		ret = xc_set_tv_standard(priv, video_mode, audio_mode);
		if (ret != 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: xc_set_tv_standard failed\n");
			goto fail;
		}
	}

	if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_D_CODE, 0) == 0)
		ret = 0;
	if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_AMPLITUDE, 1) != 0)
		ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	if (priv->set_smoothedcvbs != 0) {
		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_SMOOTHEDCVBS, 1) != 0)
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
	}
	if (ret != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "xc4000: setting registers failed\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	xc_tune_channel(priv, priv->freq_hz);

	ret = 0;

fail:
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	return ret;
}

static int xc4000_get_signal(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u16 *strength)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	u16 value = 0;
	int rc;

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
	rc = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_SIGNAL_LEVEL, &value);
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	if (rc < 0)
		goto ret;

	/* Informations from real testing of DVB-T and radio part,
	   coeficient for one dB is 0xff.
	 */
	tuner_dbg("Signal strength: -%ddB (%05d)\n", value >> 8, value);

	/* all known digital modes */
	if ((priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV6) ||
	    (priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV7) ||
	    (priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV7_8) ||
	    (priv->video_standard == XC4000_DTV8))
		goto digital;

	/* Analog mode has NOISE LEVEL important, signal
	   depends only on gain of antenna and amplifiers,
	   but it doesn't tell anything about real quality
	   of reception.
	 */
	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
	rc = xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_NOISE_LEVEL, &value);
	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	tuner_dbg("Noise level: %ddB (%05d)\n", value >> 8, value);

	/* highest noise level: 32dB */
	if (value >= 0x2000) {
		value = 0;
	} else {
		value = (~value << 3) & 0xffff;
	}

	goto ret;

	/* Digital mode has SIGNAL LEVEL important and real
	   noise level is stored in demodulator registers.
	 */
digital:
	/* best signal: -50dB */
	if (value <= 0x3200) {
		value = 0xffff;
	/* minimum: -114dB - should be 0x7200 but real zero is 0x713A */
	} else if (value >= 0x713A) {
		value = 0;
	} else {
		value = ~(value - 0x3200) << 2;
	}

ret:
	*strength = value;

	return rc;
}

static int xc4000_get_frequency(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u32 *freq)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;

	*freq = priv->freq_hz + priv->freq_offset;

	if (debug) {
		mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
		if ((priv->cur_fw.type
		     & (BASE | FM | DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8)) == BASE) {
			u16	snr = 0;
			if (xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_SNR, &snr) == 0) {
				mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);
				dprintk(1, "%s() freq = %u, SNR = %d\n",
					__func__, *freq, snr);
				return 0;
			}
		}
		mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);
	}

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_get_bandwidth(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u32 *bw)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	*bw = priv->bandwidth;
	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_get_status(struct dvb_frontend *fe, u32 *status)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	u16	lock_status = 0;

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	if (priv->cur_fw.type & BASE)
		xc_get_lock_status(priv, &lock_status);

	*status = (lock_status == 1 ?
		   TUNER_STATUS_LOCKED | TUNER_STATUS_STEREO : 0);
	if (priv->cur_fw.type & (DTV6 | DTV7 | DTV78 | DTV8))
		*status &= (~TUNER_STATUS_STEREO);

	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	dprintk(2, "%s() lock_status = %d\n", __func__, lock_status);

	return 0;
}

static int xc4000_sleep(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;
	int	ret = 0;

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	mutex_lock(&priv->lock);

	/* Avoid firmware reload on slow devices */
	if ((no_poweroff == 2 ||
	     (no_poweroff == 0 && priv->default_pm != 0)) &&
	    (priv->cur_fw.type & BASE) != 0) {
		/* force reset and firmware reload */
		priv->cur_fw.type = XC_POWERED_DOWN;

		if (xc_write_reg(priv, XREG_POWER_DOWN, 0) != 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR
			       "xc4000: %s() unable to shutdown tuner\n",
			       __func__);
			ret = -EREMOTEIO;
		}
		msleep(20);
	}

	mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);

	return ret;
}

static int xc4000_init(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	return 0;
}

static void xc4000_release(struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = fe->tuner_priv;

	dprintk(1, "%s()\n", __func__);

	mutex_lock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	if (priv)
		hybrid_tuner_release_state(priv);

	mutex_unlock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	fe->tuner_priv = NULL;
}

static const struct dvb_tuner_ops xc4000_tuner_ops = {
	.info = {
		.name           = "Xceive XC4000",
		.frequency_min  =    1000000,
		.frequency_max  = 1023000000,
		.frequency_step =      50000,
	},

	.release	   = xc4000_release,
	.init		   = xc4000_init,
	.sleep		   = xc4000_sleep,

	.set_params	   = xc4000_set_params,
	.set_analog_params = xc4000_set_analog_params,
	.get_frequency	   = xc4000_get_frequency,
	.get_rf_strength   = xc4000_get_signal,
	.get_bandwidth	   = xc4000_get_bandwidth,
	.get_status	   = xc4000_get_status
};

struct dvb_frontend *xc4000_attach(struct dvb_frontend *fe,
				   struct i2c_adapter *i2c,
				   struct xc4000_config *cfg)
{
	struct xc4000_priv *priv = NULL;
	int	instance;
	u16	id = 0;

	dprintk(1, "%s(%d-%04x)\n", __func__,
		i2c ? i2c_adapter_id(i2c) : -1,
		cfg ? cfg->i2c_address : -1);

	mutex_lock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	instance = hybrid_tuner_request_state(struct xc4000_priv, priv,
					      hybrid_tuner_instance_list,
					      i2c, cfg->i2c_address, "xc4000");
	switch (instance) {
	case 0:
		goto fail;
	case 1:
		/* new tuner instance */
		priv->bandwidth = 6000000;
		/* set default configuration */
		priv->if_khz = 4560;
		priv->default_pm = 0;
		priv->dvb_amplitude = 134;
		priv->set_smoothedcvbs = 1;
		mutex_init(&priv->lock);
		fe->tuner_priv = priv;
		break;
	default:
		/* existing tuner instance */
		fe->tuner_priv = priv;
		break;
	}

	if (cfg->if_khz != 0) {
		/* copy configuration if provided by the caller */
		priv->if_khz = cfg->if_khz;
		priv->default_pm = cfg->default_pm;
		priv->dvb_amplitude = cfg->dvb_amplitude;
		priv->set_smoothedcvbs = cfg->set_smoothedcvbs;
	}

	/* Check if firmware has been loaded. It is possible that another
	   instance of the driver has loaded the firmware.
	 */

	if (instance == 1) {
		if (xc4000_readreg(priv, XREG_PRODUCT_ID, &id) != 0)
			goto fail;
	} else {
		id = ((priv->cur_fw.type & BASE) != 0 ?
		      priv->hwmodel : XC_PRODUCT_ID_FW_NOT_LOADED);
	}

	switch (id) {
	case XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4000:
	case XC_PRODUCT_ID_XC4100:
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Successfully identified at address 0x%02x\n",
			cfg->i2c_address);
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Firmware has been loaded previously\n");
		break;
	case XC_PRODUCT_ID_FW_NOT_LOADED:
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Successfully identified at address 0x%02x\n",
			cfg->i2c_address);
		printk(KERN_INFO
			"xc4000: Firmware has not been loaded previously\n");
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_ERR
			"xc4000: Device not found at addr 0x%02x (0x%x)\n",
			cfg->i2c_address, id);
		goto fail;
	}

	mutex_unlock(&xc4000_list_mutex);

	memcpy(&fe->ops.tuner_ops, &xc4000_tuner_ops,
		sizeof(struct dvb_tuner_ops));

	if (instance == 1) {
		int	ret;
		mutex_lock(&priv->lock);
		ret = xc4000_fwupload(fe);
		mutex_unlock(&priv->lock);
		if (ret != 0)
			goto fail2;
	}

	return fe;
fail:
	mutex_unlock(&xc4000_list_mutex);
fail2:
	xc4000_release(fe);
	return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(xc4000_attach);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Steven Toth, Davide Ferri");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xceive xc4000 silicon tuner driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_FIRMWARE(XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE_NEW);
MODULE_FIRMWARE(XC4000_DEFAULT_FIRMWARE);