Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

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/*
 * linux/drivers/char/ds1620.c: Dallas Semiconductors DS1620
 *   thermometer driver (as used in the Rebel.com NetWinder)
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#include <mach/hardware.h>
#include <asm/mach-types.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/therm.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
/* define for /proc interface */
#define THERM_USE_PROC
#endif

/* Definitions for DS1620 chip */
#define THERM_START_CONVERT	0xee
#define THERM_RESET		0xaf
#define THERM_READ_CONFIG	0xac
#define THERM_READ_TEMP		0xaa
#define THERM_READ_TL		0xa2
#define THERM_READ_TH		0xa1
#define THERM_WRITE_CONFIG	0x0c
#define THERM_WRITE_TL		0x02
#define THERM_WRITE_TH		0x01

#define CFG_CPU			2
#define CFG_1SHOT		1

static DEFINE_MUTEX(ds1620_mutex);
static const char *fan_state[] = { "off", "on", "on (hardwired)" };

/*
 * Start of NetWinder specifics
 *  Note!  We have to hold the gpio lock with IRQs disabled over the
 *  whole of our transaction to the Dallas chip, since there is a
 *  chance that the WaveArtist driver could touch these bits to
 *  enable or disable the speaker.
 */
extern unsigned int system_rev;

static inline void netwinder_ds1620_set_clk(int clk)
{
	nw_gpio_modify_op(GPIO_DSCLK, clk ? GPIO_DSCLK : 0);
}

static inline void netwinder_ds1620_set_data(int dat)
{
	nw_gpio_modify_op(GPIO_DATA, dat ? GPIO_DATA : 0);
}

static inline int netwinder_ds1620_get_data(void)
{
	return nw_gpio_read() & GPIO_DATA;
}

static inline void netwinder_ds1620_set_data_dir(int dir)
{
	nw_gpio_modify_io(GPIO_DATA, dir ? GPIO_DATA : 0);
}

static inline void netwinder_ds1620_reset(void)
{
	nw_cpld_modify(CPLD_DS_ENABLE, 0);
	nw_cpld_modify(CPLD_DS_ENABLE, CPLD_DS_ENABLE);
}

static inline void netwinder_lock(unsigned long *flags)
{
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&nw_gpio_lock, *flags);
}

static inline void netwinder_unlock(unsigned long *flags)
{
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&nw_gpio_lock, *flags);
}

static inline void netwinder_set_fan(int i)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&nw_gpio_lock, flags);
	nw_gpio_modify_op(GPIO_FAN, i ? GPIO_FAN : 0);
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&nw_gpio_lock, flags);
}

static inline int netwinder_get_fan(void)
{
	if ((system_rev & 0xf000) == 0x4000)
		return FAN_ALWAYS_ON;

	return (nw_gpio_read() & GPIO_FAN) ? FAN_ON : FAN_OFF;
}

/*
 * End of NetWinder specifics
 */

static void ds1620_send_bits(int nr, int value)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
		netwinder_ds1620_set_data(value & 1);
		netwinder_ds1620_set_clk(0);
		udelay(1);
		netwinder_ds1620_set_clk(1);
		udelay(1);

		value >>= 1;
	}
}

static unsigned int ds1620_recv_bits(int nr)
{
	unsigned int value = 0, mask = 1;
	int i;

	netwinder_ds1620_set_data(0);

	for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
		netwinder_ds1620_set_clk(0);
		udelay(1);

		if (netwinder_ds1620_get_data())
			value |= mask;

		mask <<= 1;

		netwinder_ds1620_set_clk(1);
		udelay(1);
	}

	return value;
}

static void ds1620_out(int cmd, int bits, int value)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	netwinder_lock(&flags);
	netwinder_ds1620_set_clk(1);
	netwinder_ds1620_set_data_dir(0);
	netwinder_ds1620_reset();

	udelay(1);

	ds1620_send_bits(8, cmd);
	if (bits)
		ds1620_send_bits(bits, value);

	udelay(1);

	netwinder_ds1620_reset();
	netwinder_unlock(&flags);

	msleep(20);
}

static unsigned int ds1620_in(int cmd, int bits)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned int value;

	netwinder_lock(&flags);
	netwinder_ds1620_set_clk(1);
	netwinder_ds1620_set_data_dir(0);
	netwinder_ds1620_reset();

	udelay(1);

	ds1620_send_bits(8, cmd);

	netwinder_ds1620_set_data_dir(1);
	value = ds1620_recv_bits(bits);

	netwinder_ds1620_reset();
	netwinder_unlock(&flags);

	return value;
}

static int cvt_9_to_int(unsigned int val)
{
	if (val & 0x100)
		val |= 0xfffffe00;

	return val;
}

static void ds1620_write_state(struct therm *therm)
{
	ds1620_out(THERM_WRITE_CONFIG, 8, CFG_CPU);
	ds1620_out(THERM_WRITE_TL, 9, therm->lo);
	ds1620_out(THERM_WRITE_TH, 9, therm->hi);
	ds1620_out(THERM_START_CONVERT, 0, 0);
}

static void ds1620_read_state(struct therm *therm)
{
	therm->lo = cvt_9_to_int(ds1620_in(THERM_READ_TL, 9));
	therm->hi = cvt_9_to_int(ds1620_in(THERM_READ_TH, 9));
}

static int ds1620_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return nonseekable_open(inode, file);
}

static ssize_t
ds1620_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ptr)
{
	signed int cur_temp;
	signed char cur_temp_degF;

	cur_temp = cvt_9_to_int(ds1620_in(THERM_READ_TEMP, 9)) >> 1;

	/* convert to Fahrenheit, as per wdt.c */
	cur_temp_degF = (cur_temp * 9) / 5 + 32;

	if (copy_to_user(buf, &cur_temp_degF, 1))
		return -EFAULT;

	return 1;
}

static int
ds1620_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct therm therm;
	union {
		struct therm __user *therm;
		int __user *i;
	} uarg;
	int i;

	uarg.i = (int __user *)arg;

	switch(cmd) {
	case CMD_SET_THERMOSTATE:
	case CMD_SET_THERMOSTATE2:
		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;

		if (cmd == CMD_SET_THERMOSTATE) {
			if (get_user(therm.hi, uarg.i))
				return -EFAULT;
			therm.lo = therm.hi - 3;
		} else {
			if (copy_from_user(&therm, uarg.therm, sizeof(therm)))
				return -EFAULT;
		}

		therm.lo <<= 1;
		therm.hi <<= 1;

		ds1620_write_state(&therm);
		break;

	case CMD_GET_THERMOSTATE:
	case CMD_GET_THERMOSTATE2:
		ds1620_read_state(&therm);

		therm.lo >>= 1;
		therm.hi >>= 1;

		if (cmd == CMD_GET_THERMOSTATE) {
			if (put_user(therm.hi, uarg.i))
				return -EFAULT;
		} else {
			if (copy_to_user(uarg.therm, &therm, sizeof(therm)))
				return -EFAULT;
		}
		break;

	case CMD_GET_TEMPERATURE:
	case CMD_GET_TEMPERATURE2:
		i = cvt_9_to_int(ds1620_in(THERM_READ_TEMP, 9));

		if (cmd == CMD_GET_TEMPERATURE)
			i >>= 1;

		return put_user(i, uarg.i) ? -EFAULT : 0;

	case CMD_GET_STATUS:
		i = ds1620_in(THERM_READ_CONFIG, 8) & 0xe3;

		return put_user(i, uarg.i) ? -EFAULT : 0;

	case CMD_GET_FAN:
		i = netwinder_get_fan();

		return put_user(i, uarg.i) ? -EFAULT : 0;

	case CMD_SET_FAN:
		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
			return -EPERM;

		if (get_user(i, uarg.i))
			return -EFAULT;

		netwinder_set_fan(i);
		break;
		
	default:
		return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
	}

	return 0;
}

static long
ds1620_unlocked_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&ds1620_mutex);
	ret = ds1620_ioctl(file, cmd, arg);
	mutex_unlock(&ds1620_mutex);

	return ret;
}

#ifdef THERM_USE_PROC
static int ds1620_proc_therm_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
	struct therm th;
	int temp;

	ds1620_read_state(&th);
	temp =  cvt_9_to_int(ds1620_in(THERM_READ_TEMP, 9));

	seq_printf(m, "Thermostat: HI %i.%i, LOW %i.%i; temperature: %i.%i C, fan %s\n",
		   th.hi >> 1, th.hi & 1 ? 5 : 0,
		   th.lo >> 1, th.lo & 1 ? 5 : 0,
		   temp  >> 1, temp  & 1 ? 5 : 0,
		   fan_state[netwinder_get_fan()]);
	return 0;
}

static int ds1620_proc_therm_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return single_open(file, ds1620_proc_therm_show, NULL);
}

static const struct file_operations ds1620_proc_therm_fops = {
	.open		= ds1620_proc_therm_open,
	.read		= seq_read,
	.llseek		= seq_lseek,
	.release	= single_release,
};
#endif

static const struct file_operations ds1620_fops = {
	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
	.open		= ds1620_open,
	.read		= ds1620_read,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= ds1620_unlocked_ioctl,
	.llseek		= no_llseek,
};

static struct miscdevice ds1620_miscdev = {
	TEMP_MINOR,
	"temp",
	&ds1620_fops
};

static int __init ds1620_init(void)
{
	int ret;
	struct therm th, th_start;

	if (!machine_is_netwinder())
		return -ENODEV;

	ds1620_out(THERM_RESET, 0, 0);
	ds1620_out(THERM_WRITE_CONFIG, 8, CFG_CPU);
	ds1620_out(THERM_START_CONVERT, 0, 0);

	/*
	 * Trigger the fan to start by setting
	 * temperature high point low.  This kicks
	 * the fan into action.
	 */
	ds1620_read_state(&th);
	th_start.lo = 0;
	th_start.hi = 1;
	ds1620_write_state(&th_start);

	msleep(2000);

	ds1620_write_state(&th);

	ret = misc_register(&ds1620_miscdev);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

#ifdef THERM_USE_PROC
	if (!proc_create("therm", 0, NULL, &ds1620_proc_therm_fops))
		printk(KERN_ERR "therm: unable to register /proc/therm\n");
#endif

	ds1620_read_state(&th);
	ret = cvt_9_to_int(ds1620_in(THERM_READ_TEMP, 9));

	printk(KERN_INFO "Thermostat: high %i.%i, low %i.%i, "
	       "current %i.%i C, fan %s.\n",
	       th.hi >> 1, th.hi & 1 ? 5 : 0,
	       th.lo >> 1, th.lo & 1 ? 5 : 0,
	       ret   >> 1, ret   & 1 ? 5 : 0,
	       fan_state[netwinder_get_fan()]);

	return 0;
}

static void __exit ds1620_exit(void)
{
#ifdef THERM_USE_PROC
	remove_proc_entry("therm", NULL);
#endif
	misc_deregister(&ds1620_miscdev);
}

module_init(ds1620_init);
module_exit(ds1620_exit);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");