free electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
/*
 *  Deadline i/o scheduler.
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2002 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
 */
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/elevator.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>

/*
 * See Documentation/block/deadline-iosched.txt
 */
static const int read_expire = HZ / 2;  /* max time before a read is submitted. */
static const int write_expire = 5 * HZ; /* ditto for writes, these limits are SOFT! */
static const int writes_starved = 2;    /* max times reads can starve a write */
static const int fifo_batch = 16;       /* # of sequential requests treated as one
				     by the above parameters. For throughput. */

struct deadline_data {
	/*
	 * run time data
	 */

	/*
	 * requests (deadline_rq s) are present on both sort_list and fifo_list
	 */
	struct rb_root sort_list[2];	
	struct list_head fifo_list[2];

	/*
	 * next in sort order. read, write or both are NULL
	 */
	struct request *next_rq[2];
	unsigned int batching;		/* number of sequential requests made */
	unsigned int starved;		/* times reads have starved writes */

	/*
	 * settings that change how the i/o scheduler behaves
	 */
	int fifo_expire[2];
	int fifo_batch;
	int writes_starved;
	int front_merges;
};

static void deadline_move_request(struct deadline_data *, struct request *);

static inline struct rb_root *
deadline_rb_root(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
	return &dd->sort_list[rq_data_dir(rq)];
}

/*
 * get the request after `rq' in sector-sorted order
 */
static inline struct request *
deadline_latter_request(struct request *rq)
{
	struct rb_node *node = rb_next(&rq->rb_node);

	if (node)
		return rb_entry_rq(node);

	return NULL;
}

static void
deadline_add_rq_rb(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
	struct rb_root *root = deadline_rb_root(dd, rq);

	elv_rb_add(root, rq);
}

static inline void
deadline_del_rq_rb(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
	const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);

	if (dd->next_rq[data_dir] == rq)
		dd->next_rq[data_dir] = deadline_latter_request(rq);

	elv_rb_del(deadline_rb_root(dd, rq), rq);
}

/*
 * add rq to rbtree and fifo
 */
static void
deadline_add_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
{
	struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
	const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);

	deadline_add_rq_rb(dd, rq);

	/*
	 * set expire time and add to fifo list
	 */
	rq->fifo_time = jiffies + dd->fifo_expire[data_dir];
	list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &dd->fifo_list[data_dir]);
}

/*
 * remove rq from rbtree and fifo.
 */
static void deadline_remove_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
{
	struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;

	rq_fifo_clear(rq);
	deadline_del_rq_rb(dd, rq);
}

static enum elv_merge
deadline_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request **req, struct bio *bio)
{
	struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
	struct request *__rq;

	/*
	 * check for front merge
	 */
	if (dd->front_merges) {
		sector_t sector = bio_end_sector(bio);

		__rq = elv_rb_find(&dd->sort_list[bio_data_dir(bio)], sector);
		if (__rq) {
			BUG_ON(sector != blk_rq_pos(__rq));

			if (elv_bio_merge_ok(__rq, bio)) {
				*req = __rq;
				return ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE;
			}
		}
	}

	return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
}

static void deadline_merged_request(struct request_queue *q,
				    struct request *req, enum elv_merge type)
{
	struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;

	/*
	 * if the merge was a front merge, we need to reposition request
	 */
	if (type == ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE) {
		elv_rb_del(deadline_rb_root(dd, req), req);
		deadline_add_rq_rb(dd, req);
	}
}

static void
deadline_merged_requests(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
			 struct request *next)
{
	/*
	 * if next expires before rq, assign its expire time to rq
	 * and move into next position (next will be deleted) in fifo
	 */
	if (!list_empty(&req->queuelist) && !list_empty(&next->queuelist)) {
		if (time_before((unsigned long)next->fifo_time,
				(unsigned long)req->fifo_time)) {
			list_move(&req->queuelist, &next->queuelist);
			req->fifo_time = next->fifo_time;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * kill knowledge of next, this one is a goner
	 */
	deadline_remove_request(q, next);
}

/*
 * move request from sort list to dispatch queue.
 */
static inline void
deadline_move_to_dispatch(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
	struct request_queue *q = rq->q;

	deadline_remove_request(q, rq);
	elv_dispatch_add_tail(q, rq);
}

/*
 * move an entry to dispatch queue
 */
static void
deadline_move_request(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
	const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);

	dd->next_rq[READ] = NULL;
	dd->next_rq[WRITE] = NULL;
	dd->next_rq[data_dir] = deadline_latter_request(rq);

	/*
	 * take it off the sort and fifo list, move
	 * to dispatch queue
	 */
	deadline_move_to_dispatch(dd, rq);
}

/*
 * deadline_check_fifo returns 0 if there are no expired requests on the fifo,
 * 1 otherwise. Requires !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[data_dir])
 */
static inline int deadline_check_fifo(struct deadline_data *dd, int ddir)
{
	struct request *rq = rq_entry_fifo(dd->fifo_list[ddir].next);

	/*
	 * rq is expired!
	 */
	if (time_after_eq(jiffies, (unsigned long)rq->fifo_time))
		return 1;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * deadline_dispatch_requests selects the best request according to
 * read/write expire, fifo_batch, etc
 */
static int deadline_dispatch_requests(struct request_queue *q, int force)
{
	struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
	const int reads = !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[READ]);
	const int writes = !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]);
	struct request *rq;
	int data_dir;

	/*
	 * batches are currently reads XOR writes
	 */
	if (dd->next_rq[WRITE])
		rq = dd->next_rq[WRITE];
	else
		rq = dd->next_rq[READ];

	if (rq && dd->batching < dd->fifo_batch)
		/* we have a next request are still entitled to batch */
		goto dispatch_request;

	/*
	 * at this point we are not running a batch. select the appropriate
	 * data direction (read / write)
	 */

	if (reads) {
		BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dd->sort_list[READ]));

		if (writes && (dd->starved++ >= dd->writes_starved))
			goto dispatch_writes;

		data_dir = READ;

		goto dispatch_find_request;
	}

	/*
	 * there are either no reads or writes have been starved
	 */

	if (writes) {
dispatch_writes:
		BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dd->sort_list[WRITE]));

		dd->starved = 0;

		data_dir = WRITE;

		goto dispatch_find_request;
	}

	return 0;

dispatch_find_request:
	/*
	 * we are not running a batch, find best request for selected data_dir
	 */
	if (deadline_check_fifo(dd, data_dir) || !dd->next_rq[data_dir]) {
		/*
		 * A deadline has expired, the last request was in the other
		 * direction, or we have run out of higher-sectored requests.
		 * Start again from the request with the earliest expiry time.
		 */
		rq = rq_entry_fifo(dd->fifo_list[data_dir].next);
	} else {
		/*
		 * The last req was the same dir and we have a next request in
		 * sort order. No expired requests so continue on from here.
		 */
		rq = dd->next_rq[data_dir];
	}

	dd->batching = 0;

dispatch_request:
	/*
	 * rq is the selected appropriate request.
	 */
	dd->batching++;
	deadline_move_request(dd, rq);

	return 1;
}

static void deadline_exit_queue(struct elevator_queue *e)
{
	struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data;

	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[READ]));
	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]));

	kfree(dd);
}

/*
 * initialize elevator private data (deadline_data).
 */
static int deadline_init_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e)
{
	struct deadline_data *dd;
	struct elevator_queue *eq;

	eq = elevator_alloc(q, e);
	if (!eq)
		return -ENOMEM;

	dd = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*dd), GFP_KERNEL, q->node);
	if (!dd) {
		kobject_put(&eq->kobj);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	eq->elevator_data = dd;

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dd->fifo_list[READ]);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]);
	dd->sort_list[READ] = RB_ROOT;
	dd->sort_list[WRITE] = RB_ROOT;
	dd->fifo_expire[READ] = read_expire;
	dd->fifo_expire[WRITE] = write_expire;
	dd->writes_starved = writes_starved;
	dd->front_merges = 1;
	dd->fifo_batch = fifo_batch;

	spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
	q->elevator = eq;
	spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * sysfs parts below
 */

static ssize_t
deadline_var_show(int var, char *page)
{
	return sprintf(page, "%d\n", var);
}

static ssize_t
deadline_var_store(int *var, const char *page, size_t count)
{
	char *p = (char *) page;

	*var = simple_strtol(p, &p, 10);
	return count;
}

#define SHOW_FUNCTION(__FUNC, __VAR, __CONV)				\
static ssize_t __FUNC(struct elevator_queue *e, char *page)		\
{									\
	struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data;			\
	int __data = __VAR;						\
	if (__CONV)							\
		__data = jiffies_to_msecs(__data);			\
	return deadline_var_show(__data, (page));			\
}
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_read_expire_show, dd->fifo_expire[READ], 1);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_write_expire_show, dd->fifo_expire[WRITE], 1);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_writes_starved_show, dd->writes_starved, 0);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_front_merges_show, dd->front_merges, 0);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_fifo_batch_show, dd->fifo_batch, 0);
#undef SHOW_FUNCTION

#define STORE_FUNCTION(__FUNC, __PTR, MIN, MAX, __CONV)			\
static ssize_t __FUNC(struct elevator_queue *e, const char *page, size_t count)	\
{									\
	struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data;			\
	int __data;							\
	int ret = deadline_var_store(&__data, (page), count);		\
	if (__data < (MIN))						\
		__data = (MIN);						\
	else if (__data > (MAX))					\
		__data = (MAX);						\
	if (__CONV)							\
		*(__PTR) = msecs_to_jiffies(__data);			\
	else								\
		*(__PTR) = __data;					\
	return ret;							\
}
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_read_expire_store, &dd->fifo_expire[READ], 0, INT_MAX, 1);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_write_expire_store, &dd->fifo_expire[WRITE], 0, INT_MAX, 1);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_writes_starved_store, &dd->writes_starved, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, 0);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_front_merges_store, &dd->front_merges, 0, 1, 0);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_fifo_batch_store, &dd->fifo_batch, 0, INT_MAX, 0);
#undef STORE_FUNCTION

#define DD_ATTR(name) \
	__ATTR(name, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, deadline_##name##_show, \
				      deadline_##name##_store)

static struct elv_fs_entry deadline_attrs[] = {
	DD_ATTR(read_expire),
	DD_ATTR(write_expire),
	DD_ATTR(writes_starved),
	DD_ATTR(front_merges),
	DD_ATTR(fifo_batch),
	__ATTR_NULL
};

static struct elevator_type iosched_deadline = {
	.ops.sq = {
		.elevator_merge_fn = 		deadline_merge,
		.elevator_merged_fn =		deadline_merged_request,
		.elevator_merge_req_fn =	deadline_merged_requests,
		.elevator_dispatch_fn =		deadline_dispatch_requests,
		.elevator_add_req_fn =		deadline_add_request,
		.elevator_former_req_fn =	elv_rb_former_request,
		.elevator_latter_req_fn =	elv_rb_latter_request,
		.elevator_init_fn =		deadline_init_queue,
		.elevator_exit_fn =		deadline_exit_queue,
	},

	.elevator_attrs = deadline_attrs,
	.elevator_name = "deadline",
	.elevator_owner = THIS_MODULE,
};

static int __init deadline_init(void)
{
	return elv_register(&iosched_deadline);
}

static void __exit deadline_exit(void)
{
	elv_unregister(&iosched_deadline);
}

module_init(deadline_init);
module_exit(deadline_exit);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Jens Axboe");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("deadline IO scheduler");