Free Electrons

Embedded Linux Experts

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
/*
 * Shared support code for AMD K8 northbridges and derivates.
 * Copyright 2006 Andi Kleen, SUSE Labs. Subject to GPLv2.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <asm/amd_nb.h>

#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_17H_ROOT	0x1450
#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_17H_DF_F3	0x1463
#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_17H_DF_F4	0x1464

/* Protect the PCI config register pairs used for SMN and DF indirect access. */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(smn_mutex);

static u32 *flush_words;

static const struct pci_device_id amd_root_ids[] = {
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_17H_ROOT) },
	{}
};

#define PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_CNB17H_F4     0x1704

const struct pci_device_id amd_nb_misc_ids[] = {
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_K8_NB_MISC) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_10H_NB_MISC) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_15H_NB_F3) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_15H_M10H_F3) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_15H_M30H_NB_F3) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_15H_M60H_NB_F3) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_16H_NB_F3) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_16H_M30H_NB_F3) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_17H_DF_F3) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_CNB17H_F3) },
	{}
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_nb_misc_ids);

static const struct pci_device_id amd_nb_link_ids[] = {
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_15H_NB_F4) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_15H_M30H_NB_F4) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_15H_M60H_NB_F4) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_16H_NB_F4) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_16H_M30H_NB_F4) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_17H_DF_F4) },
	{ PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD, PCI_DEVICE_ID_AMD_CNB17H_F4) },
	{}
};

const struct amd_nb_bus_dev_range amd_nb_bus_dev_ranges[] __initconst = {
	{ 0x00, 0x18, 0x20 },
	{ 0xff, 0x00, 0x20 },
	{ 0xfe, 0x00, 0x20 },
	{ }
};

static struct amd_northbridge_info amd_northbridges;

u16 amd_nb_num(void)
{
	return amd_northbridges.num;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_nb_num);

bool amd_nb_has_feature(unsigned int feature)
{
	return ((amd_northbridges.flags & feature) == feature);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_nb_has_feature);

struct amd_northbridge *node_to_amd_nb(int node)
{
	return (node < amd_northbridges.num) ? &amd_northbridges.nb[node] : NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(node_to_amd_nb);

static struct pci_dev *next_northbridge(struct pci_dev *dev,
					const struct pci_device_id *ids)
{
	do {
		dev = pci_get_device(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, dev);
		if (!dev)
			break;
	} while (!pci_match_id(ids, dev));
	return dev;
}

static int __amd_smn_rw(u16 node, u32 address, u32 *value, bool write)
{
	struct pci_dev *root;
	int err = -ENODEV;

	if (node >= amd_northbridges.num)
		goto out;

	root = node_to_amd_nb(node)->root;
	if (!root)
		goto out;

	mutex_lock(&smn_mutex);

	err = pci_write_config_dword(root, 0x60, address);
	if (err) {
		pr_warn("Error programming SMN address 0x%x.\n", address);
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	err = (write ? pci_write_config_dword(root, 0x64, *value)
		     : pci_read_config_dword(root, 0x64, value));
	if (err)
		pr_warn("Error %s SMN address 0x%x.\n",
			(write ? "writing to" : "reading from"), address);

out_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&smn_mutex);

out:
	return err;
}

int amd_smn_read(u16 node, u32 address, u32 *value)
{
	return __amd_smn_rw(node, address, value, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_smn_read);

int amd_smn_write(u16 node, u32 address, u32 value)
{
	return __amd_smn_rw(node, address, &value, true);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_smn_write);

/*
 * Data Fabric Indirect Access uses FICAA/FICAD.
 *
 * Fabric Indirect Configuration Access Address (FICAA): Constructed based
 * on the device's Instance Id and the PCI function and register offset of
 * the desired register.
 *
 * Fabric Indirect Configuration Access Data (FICAD): There are FICAD LO
 * and FICAD HI registers but so far we only need the LO register.
 */
int amd_df_indirect_read(u16 node, u8 func, u16 reg, u8 instance_id, u32 *lo)
{
	struct pci_dev *F4;
	u32 ficaa;
	int err = -ENODEV;

	if (node >= amd_northbridges.num)
		goto out;

	F4 = node_to_amd_nb(node)->link;
	if (!F4)
		goto out;

	ficaa  = 1;
	ficaa |= reg & 0x3FC;
	ficaa |= (func & 0x7) << 11;
	ficaa |= instance_id << 16;

	mutex_lock(&smn_mutex);

	err = pci_write_config_dword(F4, 0x5C, ficaa);
	if (err) {
		pr_warn("Error writing DF Indirect FICAA, FICAA=0x%x\n", ficaa);
		goto out_unlock;
	}

	err = pci_read_config_dword(F4, 0x98, lo);
	if (err)
		pr_warn("Error reading DF Indirect FICAD LO, FICAA=0x%x.\n", ficaa);

out_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&smn_mutex);

out:
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_df_indirect_read);

int amd_cache_northbridges(void)
{
	u16 i = 0;
	struct amd_northbridge *nb;
	struct pci_dev *root, *misc, *link;

	if (amd_northbridges.num)
		return 0;

	misc = NULL;
	while ((misc = next_northbridge(misc, amd_nb_misc_ids)) != NULL)
		i++;

	if (!i)
		return -ENODEV;

	nb = kcalloc(i, sizeof(struct amd_northbridge), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!nb)
		return -ENOMEM;

	amd_northbridges.nb = nb;
	amd_northbridges.num = i;

	link = misc = root = NULL;
	for (i = 0; i != amd_northbridges.num; i++) {
		node_to_amd_nb(i)->root = root =
			next_northbridge(root, amd_root_ids);
		node_to_amd_nb(i)->misc = misc =
			next_northbridge(misc, amd_nb_misc_ids);
		node_to_amd_nb(i)->link = link =
			next_northbridge(link, amd_nb_link_ids);
	}

	if (amd_gart_present())
		amd_northbridges.flags |= AMD_NB_GART;

	/*
	 * Check for L3 cache presence.
	 */
	if (!cpuid_edx(0x80000006))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * Some CPU families support L3 Cache Index Disable. There are some
	 * limitations because of E382 and E388 on family 0x10.
	 */
	if (boot_cpu_data.x86 == 0x10 &&
	    boot_cpu_data.x86_model >= 0x8 &&
	    (boot_cpu_data.x86_model > 0x9 ||
	     boot_cpu_data.x86_mask >= 0x1))
		amd_northbridges.flags |= AMD_NB_L3_INDEX_DISABLE;

	if (boot_cpu_data.x86 == 0x15)
		amd_northbridges.flags |= AMD_NB_L3_INDEX_DISABLE;

	/* L3 cache partitioning is supported on family 0x15 */
	if (boot_cpu_data.x86 == 0x15)
		amd_northbridges.flags |= AMD_NB_L3_PARTITIONING;

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_cache_northbridges);

/*
 * Ignores subdevice/subvendor but as far as I can figure out
 * they're useless anyways
 */
bool __init early_is_amd_nb(u32 device)
{
	const struct pci_device_id *id;
	u32 vendor = device & 0xffff;

	device >>= 16;
	for (id = amd_nb_misc_ids; id->vendor; id++)
		if (vendor == id->vendor && device == id->device)
			return true;
	return false;
}

struct resource *amd_get_mmconfig_range(struct resource *res)
{
	u32 address;
	u64 base, msr;
	unsigned int segn_busn_bits;

	if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_AMD)
		return NULL;

	/* assume all cpus from fam10h have mmconfig */
	if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 0x10)
		return NULL;

	address = MSR_FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_BASE;
	rdmsrl(address, msr);

	/* mmconfig is not enabled */
	if (!(msr & FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_ENABLE))
		return NULL;

	base = msr & (FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_BASE_MASK<<FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_BASE_SHIFT);

	segn_busn_bits = (msr >> FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_BUSRANGE_SHIFT) &
			 FAM10H_MMIO_CONF_BUSRANGE_MASK;

	res->flags = IORESOURCE_MEM;
	res->start = base;
	res->end = base + (1ULL<<(segn_busn_bits + 20)) - 1;
	return res;
}

int amd_get_subcaches(int cpu)
{
	struct pci_dev *link = node_to_amd_nb(amd_get_nb_id(cpu))->link;
	unsigned int mask;

	if (!amd_nb_has_feature(AMD_NB_L3_PARTITIONING))
		return 0;

	pci_read_config_dword(link, 0x1d4, &mask);

	return (mask >> (4 * cpu_data(cpu).cpu_core_id)) & 0xf;
}

int amd_set_subcaches(int cpu, unsigned long mask)
{
	static unsigned int reset, ban;
	struct amd_northbridge *nb = node_to_amd_nb(amd_get_nb_id(cpu));
	unsigned int reg;
	int cuid;

	if (!amd_nb_has_feature(AMD_NB_L3_PARTITIONING) || mask > 0xf)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* if necessary, collect reset state of L3 partitioning and BAN mode */
	if (reset == 0) {
		pci_read_config_dword(nb->link, 0x1d4, &reset);
		pci_read_config_dword(nb->misc, 0x1b8, &ban);
		ban &= 0x180000;
	}

	/* deactivate BAN mode if any subcaches are to be disabled */
	if (mask != 0xf) {
		pci_read_config_dword(nb->misc, 0x1b8, &reg);
		pci_write_config_dword(nb->misc, 0x1b8, reg & ~0x180000);
	}

	cuid = cpu_data(cpu).cpu_core_id;
	mask <<= 4 * cuid;
	mask |= (0xf ^ (1 << cuid)) << 26;

	pci_write_config_dword(nb->link, 0x1d4, mask);

	/* reset BAN mode if L3 partitioning returned to reset state */
	pci_read_config_dword(nb->link, 0x1d4, &reg);
	if (reg == reset) {
		pci_read_config_dword(nb->misc, 0x1b8, &reg);
		reg &= ~0x180000;
		pci_write_config_dword(nb->misc, 0x1b8, reg | ban);
	}

	return 0;
}

static void amd_cache_gart(void)
{
	u16 i;

	if (!amd_nb_has_feature(AMD_NB_GART))
		return;

	flush_words = kmalloc_array(amd_northbridges.num, sizeof(u32), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!flush_words) {
		amd_northbridges.flags &= ~AMD_NB_GART;
		pr_notice("Cannot initialize GART flush words, GART support disabled\n");
		return;
	}

	for (i = 0; i != amd_northbridges.num; i++)
		pci_read_config_dword(node_to_amd_nb(i)->misc, 0x9c, &flush_words[i]);
}

void amd_flush_garts(void)
{
	int flushed, i;
	unsigned long flags;
	static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(gart_lock);

	if (!amd_nb_has_feature(AMD_NB_GART))
		return;

	/*
	 * Avoid races between AGP and IOMMU. In theory it's not needed
	 * but I'm not sure if the hardware won't lose flush requests
	 * when another is pending. This whole thing is so expensive anyways
	 * that it doesn't matter to serialize more. -AK
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&gart_lock, flags);
	flushed = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < amd_northbridges.num; i++) {
		pci_write_config_dword(node_to_amd_nb(i)->misc, 0x9c,
				       flush_words[i] | 1);
		flushed++;
	}
	for (i = 0; i < amd_northbridges.num; i++) {
		u32 w;
		/* Make sure the hardware actually executed the flush*/
		for (;;) {
			pci_read_config_dword(node_to_amd_nb(i)->misc,
					      0x9c, &w);
			if (!(w & 1))
				break;
			cpu_relax();
		}
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gart_lock, flags);
	if (!flushed)
		pr_notice("nothing to flush?\n");
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(amd_flush_garts);

static void __fix_erratum_688(void *info)
{
#define MSR_AMD64_IC_CFG 0xC0011021

	msr_set_bit(MSR_AMD64_IC_CFG, 3);
	msr_set_bit(MSR_AMD64_IC_CFG, 14);
}

/* Apply erratum 688 fix so machines without a BIOS fix work. */
static __init void fix_erratum_688(void)
{
	struct pci_dev *F4;
	u32 val;

	if (boot_cpu_data.x86 != 0x14)
		return;

	if (!amd_northbridges.num)
		return;

	F4 = node_to_amd_nb(0)->link;
	if (!F4)
		return;

	if (pci_read_config_dword(F4, 0x164, &val))
		return;

	if (val & BIT(2))
		return;

	on_each_cpu(__fix_erratum_688, NULL, 0);

	pr_info("x86/cpu/AMD: CPU erratum 688 worked around\n");
}

static __init int init_amd_nbs(void)
{
	amd_cache_northbridges();
	amd_cache_gart();

	fix_erratum_688();

	return 0;
}

/* This has to go after the PCI subsystem */
fs_initcall(init_amd_nbs);